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Full text of "Niles' weekly register"

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■fell: 



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GRADUATE SCHOOL 

OF BUSINESS 

ADMINISTRATION 

HARVARD BUSINESS 
LIBRARY 

GEORGE F. BAKER FOUNDATION 








1 



G£» 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01801 6441 




NILES' 

WEEKLY REGISTER. 



CONTAINING 



fOT.lTlCAL, 
HISTORICAL, 
GEOGRAPHICAL, 
SCIENTIFiCAL, 



ASTRONOMICAL. 
STATISTICAL, 

AND 

BIOGRAPHICAL, 



DOCUMENTS^ ESSAYS, AND FACTS* 

TOGETHER WlTll 

Notices of the arts and manufactures* And a record 

QF THE EVENTS OF THE TIMES* 



% NILES, EDITOR^ 



7 1 « '! 9 

% X %j? £ .'<*• 



Sac olim meminisse juvabit. — Virgin 



IfROM SEPTEMBER 1815 TO MARCH 1816— VOL. 1^. 



BALTIMORE: 

fBIXTED AND PUBLISHED Br TBE EDITOR 

Et tlje iFranfclm Press*, 

2FO. 29, SOUTH CALVEBT-STBEET. 



gnnx w t$t %%mfy ^mmt* 






Admirals proposed 326 

Agriculture, Isaac Briggs' essay 

upon 389 

Jlgiers — various notices of the 
thing's belonging- to the war 
with 15, 30, 43, 75, 104, 120, 
135 203 

. defeat of her fleet 16* 107 

Irish remarks upon 199 

— — — Canadian do. 204 

Decatur's letters 30, 203 

— — — Bainbridge's do. 204; of 
his squadron 216, 244, 299 

private letters203, 206, 284 

— — reported dissatisfied 299, 
419 429 

treaty with 312* 333 

Algerine fleet 419 

Allen gen. William 32 

Alligator caught 32 

Alsace devastated 257 

American philosophical society 

185 
1 squadron at Gibraltar 244 

seamen in England 115 

ships as spoken of in 

England 429 

captives in Morocco 430 

■ prisoners in Carthagena 451 

Americans taxed in France 258, 

403, 409 
Apple, large 172 

Appointments by the president 

364, 371 
Appalachicola, British fort at 404 
Arrivals at New-York 31, at N. 
Orleans 216; at Charleston 420, 
at Savannah 430 

Arnold, Benedict on lake Cham- 
plain 62 
Armstrong gen. privateer 134 

— gen. vindicated 425 

Army of the U. S. 156; of the 
peace establishment 214, 301; 
appropriations required 296 
B. 
Bambridge, com. at Gibraltar 299 
Baltimore— battle monument at 
29, 75; inspections 152; en- 
tertains Decatur, 316; ex- 
change 452 
Bank, national 365, 404— see 
also congress 

■ of England 68, 136, 27 

notes, 316; old ones 432 

<—r- of Virginia, case of 370 

: , state of 427 

• — — Union of New-York 404 

Banks of Baltimore and Boston 3 

acceding 131, 214 

* of Pennsylvania, state of 428 

new proposed in % Y. 430 

Barbary powers— see Algiers, &c. 

lord Sheffield's remarks 188 

~- and Austria 215 

• resolves of the allied 

414 
135 
204 
309 
16 
260 



Bernadotte 431 

Berthier, fate of 27 

Biography of gov. Tompkins 245 
Bishops, the English 19 

fund at Boston 260 



Blind woman restored to sight 452 
Blucher, marshal's account of 

his battles with Bonaparte 20; 
letter to Davoust 102 

30 



powers respecting 
Barney, com. 
.Barley, a great crop of 
Bathurst lord, on emigration 
Beasley, Mr. 
Bell, mayor of London 
Benefits, theatficaJ! , 



Blue lights 

Bonaparte— see French affairs; 

Joseph at N. York 44 
Bounty lands — sur. general's 
notice 15; war office regula- 
tions 36, 303 
Bourbons, the family of 38 — 

see France, Spain, Sec, 
Brazils, the 430 

Bridge, at M'Call's ferry 200 
Briggs Isaac, his esssay on 
agriculture and manufactures 

389 
Uritish. 
Parliament— regent's speech 4; 
weights and measures 119; sea- 
men seeking employment 28; force 
in Canada 29; barbarities 29; vani- 
ty 31 ; deserters 32 ; inscription 
" Wellington and Broke," 43; gen- 
tility 43; outrage on lake Erie 44, 
260; West Indies 64; statistics, 
loans, Sec. 66; emigrations to Paris 
72; princess confined at N. Y. 76- y 
stocks 76, 103, 168, 197, 211, 
259, 374, 431; order in council 
149, 163; opinion on the burnings 
at Washington 156; "kings regi- 
ment" 168; assizes 168; subsidies 
1 69; army 169; national debt 169, 
235; troops in the East Indies 169; 
finances 172, 233, 234; emblem 
184; ships for Am. frigates 184; 
navy, state of 184; morality 210, 
284; India 510; paupers 232; un- 
productive laborers 237; wealth 
and resources 236; corn law 248; 
rioters, seamen 259, 298; army 
bills 284; agriculture depressed 
297; mint, fire at 307; vessels 
captured, 8cc. 323; treaty 310, 
333; the, at Buenos Ayres 360; in 
China 420; manufactures 423; curi- 
osities 428; and Indians 428; prize 
money, distributed 430; notions as 
to emigrants from France 432. 
Brown, gen. 75, 215 

Brougham, Mr. 168 

Buenos Ayres, 73, 136, 300 

military state of 

260, 406 

the British at 360 

Buffalo 428 

Bullion, price of 103, 200, 210 
Burgh est, lord 75 

Burrows, cap t. a monument to 153 

C. 
Cadiz, rich arrival at 298 

| Camelion, a living 430 

Canada 112, 152, 168, 172, 202, 
299 
Canadian volunteers 357 — see 

Congress. 
Canby midshipman 104 

332 



Captured slaves 78 

Carnot and Fouche 168 — see 

French affairs. 
Carthagena (S. A.) 104, 202, 404, 
420, 429, 451 
privateers, remarks 

upon 215 

Carrol, archbishop, dies 260 

Casan, dreadful fire at 309 

Cass, gov. at Detroit 243 

Cattle shows 111, 162, 428 

Cats 182 

Catholic emancipation 133 

Catholics, the — inconsistency 

respecting them 210 

Cave, singular 136 

Ceylon and the legitimates 32, 64, 

166 

missionary to 283 



Celebration of Jackson's victo- 
ry at Washington City 388- 
Champlain lake — first naval 
battle upon 62; fortifications 
upon 169 
Charleston 152; shipping at 420 
Chemical manufactures 329 
Chester, Eng. trick at 182 
Chili, state of 407 
Chinese and the British 420 
Church and state 19, 55, 57, 283 
Cincinnati, picture of 35; the 

port of 420 

Clay, Mr. 151, 186; at Lexing- 
ton, 196; re-elected 214 
Clarke, Mrs. 234, 308 
Clark's naval tactics 124 
Coal mine in N. Y. 185 
Cobbett, Mr. to H. Niles 105; 
on the defeat of the Algerines 
107; to the people of the U. 
S. 144; to emigrants 315; 
the editors letter to 173, 229 



Cochranes, the 

admiral 

lord 



Cockburn 

Coffin, admiral 

Columbia district 

Cold 

Commerce, singular 

Commissioners of the navy 

Compliment immense 

" handsome 



298 



45 
84 
28 

43, 78 
171 
231 
364 
364 
121 
43 
204 



l"3S'!£a.nyas, Amcripaj} 



Convention withG. B. 310 — see 

Congress. 
Contracts of the war depart- 
ment 407 
Constitution frigate 331 
Congress of the U. S. political 
character of the 13th and 
14th, 31; list of the members 
of the 14th, politically desig- 
nated 280 

Congress. 
Meets, chooses .a speaker, ko. 
253; presidents message 254; — 
standing committees 295; new hall 
for 295; petitions relating to ma- 
nufactures 295, 297, 310, 418; case 
of Willoughby and Smith, contest- 
ed election, 295; Adams and Root, 
do. 310; Dartmoor 295, 331, 346, 
418, 434; appropriation bills 296* 
Le^ miaes 296, 297; salt springs? 



If 



JbNDEX. 



•>?6; the military committee re- 
ports, Bcc 379; Chesa- 
peake and Delaware canal 309,433, 

43 4; public lands 309, 331: roads— 
Mr Boston's plan 309; military aca 
demits 310, 330,331; British con- 
vention 310,330,346,348,561, 379, 
I IS. 434, 452; Mississippi ter- 
ritory memorial 330; Constitution 
frigate 331, 34S,41S, 434; system of 
bankruptcy 331; bounty lands 346; 
Indiana 349; Mr. Pickens' resolu- 
tions 346; Albermarle sound 346; 
national currency or bank 356; com- 
mercial intercourse 348, 419, 434; 
committeeof ways and means, &c. 
354, 362, 363: treasury estimates 
tor 1816, 35~; Canadian volunteers 
357, 379, -134, 452; lieut. T. A. C. 
Jones 361; Dr. Tilton 361; colonel 
Lawrence 361; of admirals 361,363, 
419; Argus, the brig- 361, 434; ap- 
peal from the eh air 362; Wasp sloop 
of m ar, 362; new tariff 362, 363, 
(provisional) 419, see secretary's 
Jetter proposi"g-437; copper coins, 
Mr. Koot ; s motion 375, 434; previ- 
ous question 375; direct tax 331, 
275, (debate) 376, 379, 380, 418, 
419, 434; post-office 379, 418; in- 
ternal duties 379, 3S0, 418, 419, 
454; duty on salt 379, 433; de- 
mands of Spain 3S0; relations with 
uo. 392; duties on imports 363, 
379, 408; E:\stport, petitions from 
418; military establishment 418, 
419; ordnance bill 418,434; on the 
period of service for senators 418; 
com. Rodgers' case 418, 435; ship 
pwhers in Baltimore 419; whiskey 
tax 419, 434; copper mines 433,434 
— roads ami canals 433; banks in 
the district of 061. 434; library 434 
-■•of specie payments or payments 
in treasury notes %34; Massachu- 
setts amendments 434; P.Ji. Porter 
434, 435; of capt. Biddle and the 
Hornet 435; relief of widows, 8x. 
4 16; deranged officers 436, 452 — 
land bounty 436; committee of 
commerce and manufactures re- 
ports 447; national university 452; 
gen. Washington 452. 

Congress of.' Vienna, 22, 119; 

treaty at length 217 

Congress frigate 64 

C .. I library 76 

cticul — election 76, 171; 



la ' 

Com !. , B • 



332 
248 
2i0 
166 
187 



rushing, gen. 244 

Custom-house receipts at N. Y. 44 

D. 
Dacres, capt. 64 

Dartmoor massacre, letter to 
the editor respecting 

prison, letter to Mr.Beas- 

lcy 29 

various facts 154 

a petition to congress 295 

Davis, Mathew L. 154 

Dearborn, gen. 159 

Death, the sentence of 284 

Debt of the U. States 235 277 
Decatur, see Jlgiers and 215 315 
Delaware election 152 

Denmark 167; claims of 432 

Despotism 40, 

Detroit— see Indians at, & 75 187 
— Br. "right of search" at 104 

affairs at 241 

Dinner to Clay and Galhttn, at 

New- York 
Direct tax — valuation of New- 
York 206; Pennsylvania 249; 
North Carolina 250; N. Jer- 
sey 251; Georgia, ibid. Dis- 
trict of Columbia 281; Yirgi- 
ginia ibid. Kentucky ib. Ver- 
mont 370— see congress, 
Drury-lane theatre 403 

Dutch fleet in the Mediterra> 

nean 135 208 315 

Dwarf, a 152 

B. 
Eagle, a large one killed 216 

Eagles, numerous 300 

Election, an uniform mode of 349 
Elba 132 166 

Emigration, lord Bathurst's 

letter on 309 

Cohbet's remarks upon 314 

of British officers 332 

of the Erench 348 

Enterprise, theU. S. brig 208 
Epervier, the brig 244 298 

Eppes, Mr. 299 

Erie, lake, Br. outrage upon 44 
152 

r, ancient naval fight on 113 

Essex frigate, lieut. Gamble 

of the 29 233 

Evans, Oliver his appeal — ad- 
dendum 1 
Exports and imports 381 
Expenditures, &c. Am. 8c Br. 233 

American — see receipts 

and expenditures. 

Exchange on Paris 



28:: 



' jtts, effects of 
Corsica 

' ling press 
manu&ctureni memori- 
al SWj 
rotting on the .'/round '. 

profit* of the culture 202 

the cultivation of 349 

• 

— British imports of 



Editorial ar tides 
The prospect before us 
Church and state 



eyion and the legitimates 
(Fairs of Mexico 
k down correspondent 



( 

On the 

I . • 



Address to delinquents 
Bin ep and wool — books 



■ se e I ndi ■!,:.,. 
itrs, r'rgnch 



351 JTo Mr. Cobbcif, 1.72 ; 

n uniform mode of election 
151 jOn salaries 

HOn manufactures 
;;S l On our relations with Spain 



1 
19 
32 
3.3 
30 
137 
137 
229 
355 
350 
S63 
405 



Fish caught in a jug 15^} 

Fisheries, of the 151 

Flaxseed, sown in Ireland 299 
Flag-staff at fort Niagara 215 

Eleur de lys 167 

Floridas, the 197, 200, 214 

essay from the London 

Morning Chronicle, respect- 
ing 25% 

of the season in 430 

Forgery, lawful 210 

Flour, price of in West Indies 204? 
Franklin 74 3& 

Freemasons, the pope's order 

respecting 211 

Free-schools in S. Carolina 429 
Freights, rates of at Charleston 2iS 
French affairs. 
Proclamation of the king 4, 25, 
163; commission of the govern- 
ment 5; ordinances of the king 129, 
163; privy council of do. 297; de- 
claration of the representatives 5; 
king's speech 212; answers to do. 
259; anecdotes, &c. of the king 70, 
71, 115, 150, 184; proceedings of 
the legislature 6, 212, 259, 308, 
374] Wellington's letters 6, 8— his 
general orders 8; military conven- 
tion 7; proscriptions 10, 419, 432j 
treaties 169, 307, 372; army of the 
Loire 13,41, 60, 72, 102, 132; Blu- 
cher's letters 20 — his proceedings 
41; of the contributions imposed, 
kc.25, 27, 60, 71, 72, 116, 133, 168, 
169, 199, 200, 259, 284, 374; fo- 
reign armies 25, 116, 168, 197, 209; 
liberty of the press 25, 115; mar- 
shal Ney 26, 115, 166, 182, 210, 
401, 413, 431; Davoust's address 
to the army 27; cessions to the al- 
lies, &c. 60, 197; national guard 61; 
Talleyrand's note 71 — and Eouche 
151; Maria Louisa 72, 116; mar- 
shal Brune 72, 101; France dividr 
ed into military districts by the al- 
lies 73, 131; marshal Davoust 102$ 
marshal Macdonald 102,431; Laba- 
doyere 1.16— his trial, &c. 117, 132, 
167, 210, 258; marshal Moncey 
149; (his letter to the king) 410, 
431; letter to the duke de Richer 
lieu 414; of the duke of liicho? 
ieu 431; report to the Icing 127; 
Spanish proclamation 128— letter 
199; Prussian requisitions 129, 
307; Fouche 151, 164; Nismes, 
massacre at 164, 283, 307, 375; 
French courtesy 166; statues and 
)ictures 167; depredations 168; 
stocks 198, 259, 307; ministry, new 
198; arms delivered up 199; Car- 
not 209, 258; allied sovereigns 210, 
rtreslses 258; Americans taxed 
in 258, 403, 409 ; foreign minis- 
ters at Paris 259; liberty 258; sedi- 
tion act 303; arrests 403; marshal 
Grouchy 404; law of amnesty 412; 
various scraps of a miscelltmeow 
character, too tedious to describe 8, 
9, 14, 25, 40, 61, 70, 72, 115, 131, 
149, 166, 168, 183, 184, 197, 2Q9 ff 
257, 2W, 307, 374, 43£ 



WBBfc 



Of Napoleon BonapaHe. 
Fouche's letters 10, 165; at Roche- 
fort 11; proceeds to the Bellero- 
phon, ib.\ anecdotes and incident* 
while there 12, 13, 24, 58, 72, 101, 
103, 130, 197; his proclamation to 
the Belgians 26; of his favorite 
Mameluke 28; of his library 60; 
his protest 112; his letter to the 
prince regent 10, 139; directions of 
the British government respecting 
211; his baggage 283; arrives at 
St. Helena 402, 413; presents to 
him 431; of his carriage id.; of the 
vessel that was to have carried him 
from France 432. See the supple- 
ment to the volume for many other in 
ieresting facts. 

Bonaparte family — 13, 131, 168; 
Joseph 44, 104; Jerome 116; Lu- 
cien 131. 

fFulton the first,' see steam fri- 
gate and 44, 104 
G. 

Gaines, gen, marries 32 

Gale, dreadful 31, 76, 103 

— r— - phenomena of 172 

Gamble, lieut. 29, 293 

General orders of the adj't and 
insp. gen. 42, 63, 244 

of col. Mitchell 155 

Gehnessee lands 171 

Georgia elections 244 

r — — -valuation of the lands, 

houses and slaves 251 

. governor's message 317 

— : — wealth of the state 319 
■■ sugar 405, 452 

German act of confederation 14, 22 
Giles, Wm. B. resigns 244 

Goldsmith's history, &c. 159 

Goodrich, Chauncey dies 32 

Gordon, adj. gen. 132 

Gratitude 452 

Grenada New, supplied with 
arms by the British 32; some 
account of 69, 109 

Grouchy marshal 404 

Gu.adaloupe 31, 297, 436 

Gypsies, English 41 

H. 
Harrisburg 300 

Harmony Society 152 

Harrison, gen, at Frankfort, K. 452 
Hardy, Ann . 76 

Harper, Mr. his letter to Mr. 

Baer 35; notice of 404 

Hartford convention, notices of 3 
155, 452 — list of the mem- 
bers 315— resolutions of, re- 
jected 434, 451 
Health, at Wilmington, Del. 97 

■ : — ? at Charleston 1,52 

Heat— comparative, at Balti- 
more 91 
Henly, col. 17 
Hessians, the price paid for 240 
Hiilyar, com. in Chili 407 
Highways, trespass upon 187 
Hoax at Chester 182 
Hoopes, the family of 100, 420 
Human life, essay on the pro- 
babilities of 97 
/ H*?nibo i .idt, baron his wqrk 3} 



Huninguen 
Hunter, an old one 

I. 
Impressment, cases of 30 

Imports, duties upon 408 

Independence 74 32, 204 

India 167, 169, 183 

Indian affairs — speech of a Ma- 
ha chief 29; at Detroit 63, 64, 
75, 216; prophet 77; treaty 
with N.York 103; eloquence 
112; the Creeks 42, 151, 187, 
188, 202, 215; treaties 216, 
238, 329, 344; prisoners 299; 
the Seminoles 404; excited 
by the British 428 

Indiana territory— —population 
of 171, 186; salt works 186; 
legislature, gov'r's speech 
351; memorial 352 

Influenza, its periods 300 

Inland navigation 44 

Inquisition, murders by 307 

Internal duties 277, 369 

— i revenue — extract from 

the Edinburg review 428 

improvements 143, 429 

Ionian islands 258, 431 

Ireland, state of the country 199 

210, 259 

Irish Catholics 169 

freedom of the press 431 

J. 
Java, American frigate 31; new 

British 309 

Jackson, gen. 202, 214, 244, 260 
Jefferson, Mr. his toast 214 

, letter on manufac- 

451 
162 
164,403 
374 
152 



tures 
Jeffersonian library 
Jesuits, of the 
Jews, the German 
Jug, fish caught in a 

K. 
Kentucky — valuation of proper 

ty 281; governor's message 



Kosciusko, anecdotes of 
L. 

Labor, product of 152 

Lancaster Jos epli 300 

Lancastrian schools 152 

Lands, great sale of 75 

La Plata, the provinces of 406 

Law — cost of 388 
Law case — militia fines, judg-e 

Marshal's opinion 194 



of suffrage 

Lawrence, a town so called 

Lazaretto, at Philadelphia 

Lead ore 

"Legitimates," of the 

Light, a tax upon 

Linen manufacture 

Living-, on the means and man- 
ner of 2, 

Loans of the U.S. — see "treasu- 
ry report" and 279 

London, the mayor of 260 

Longevity 97, 300, 404, 420, 430 

LETTEllS. 

To the secretary of the navy. 
From It. Nicholson of the Syren 14 
- — cvm. Decatur 30 ; 20^ 



15, "Prom capt. Warrington 188 

300 • com. Bainbridge 204i 

To the secretary of state. 
From admiral Cochrane 84 

To the secretary of war. 
From the selectmen of Ston- 
nington 134 

Miscellaneous— from 
Napoleon Bonaparte 10 

Mr. Harper to Mr. Baer 35 

Marshal Blucher to marshal Da- 

voust 102 

Mr. Cobbett to H. Niles 105 

To the editor on ventilation 108 
L.Bonapa»teto theprincessBor- 

ghese 131 

Cardinal Fesch to the same, ib. 
Gen. Brown to gens. Porter and 

Miller and reply 133- 

Gov. Shelby to capt. Ried 134 

Talleyrand and Fouche to the 

allied sovereigns 151 

Gen. Pike to his wife 155 

The pope to the king of Spain 164 
Carnot to Fouche and reply 167 
Mr. Jefferson on the Taurino 

cloth 191 

Com. Decatur to the Neapolitan 

minister 209 

Col. James to gov. Cass, replies, 

&c. 241 

Mr. Jones to Mr.Cathalan 284 

To the editor from Buenos 

Ayres 285 

From an English weaver 285 

Respecting the navy of the U. 

States — see "navy" 
Capt. Gamble to com. Porter 293 
Mr. Brent, P. M. G. to the se- 
cretary of war, 296 
To the editor from Ohio 350 
From the secretary of the trea- 
sury on a national bank 36$ 
From the same on the internal 

taxes 369 

To the editor from com. Perry 381 
Don Onis to Mr. Monroeand re- 
ply 392 
From the secretary of the trea- 
sury on receipts and expendi- 
tures 397 
From the same on the duties on 

imports 408 

From the same,proposinga new 

tariff 437 

Mr. Lee to the prefect of Bor- 
deaux and reply 409 
Of the ministers of the allies to 

the duke of Richelieu 414 

Of Rathbone, &c. on American 

wool 424 

Mr. Curtis on the intrigues of 

the British with the Indians 429 
For letters from the editor see 

"Editorial articles." 
Letters respecting the navy — 
see naval affairs. 



118 

403 



213 
452 
172 
430 
163 
136 
397 





M. 

Mac Call's ferry-bridge 200 

Mackenrot'.s memoirs 45 

Macauly col. 430 

Macon Mr. 299 

Madison, president 421 

Magee Johi>, printer. 431 



\l 



1M)EX. 



A! a ;:>. i-rrcularitvof the 3891 

Kallet de Pan 40» 

Mameluke. 28 

Manufactories near Wilming- 
ton, Del. 94 

destroyed 298 

Ifbamfactarea — of cotton 189; 
T.uirino cloth 191; of New- 
Jenej 194; chemical 329 

1<-.vac Brigg-'s essay 



389; report of die committee 
i'f commerce and manufac- 
tures 447; Mr. Jefferson's let- 



U-r 451 

Mara, madam 1S4 

Margarot Maurice dies 413 

Marshal judge, his opinion 194 
Martial law in Canada 404 

Maryland — the university of 34 
—election 101, 298, 404; sta- 
tistics 110; finances 294; se- 
nator 348 
Massachusetts, governors mes- 
sage 416; electioneering- 436 
Memorial to congress from the 

cotton manufacturers 189 

Men— the price of 240 

Message of the president of the 
U. S. on opening the session 
of congress 254 

« laying the convention 

With G.B.'before both houses 310 j 

on our relations with 

Spain 392 

of governor of Georgia 173; 

Kentucky 318; South Carolina 
.358; Pennsylvania 382; Ohio 
385; New-Jersey 415; Massa- 
chusetts 416 
Methodists 171 
Metternich, prince 432 
Mexico — of the revolution in 
33; some account of 69, 76, 
169,299, 348, 364, 403; an en- 
-voy from 315 
Militia fines— judge Marshal's 

opinion 194 

Mint of the U.S. 358 

— — fire at 364 

Miracles of king Ferdinand! 413 
Mississippi territory memorial 353 
Mitchell, col. 155 

Moira, the earl of 210 

Money statistics 3 

- found 136 

Morning Chronicle 252 

Morocco . 430 

Murnmey found in Kentucky 77 
Mural 11G; put to death in "Na- 
ples 297; of his wife 431, 432 
N. 
>"..ph -..prolaniation of the king 39 
National B«mk J46, 365; see 
cvn^rem. 

Btarafcourti 14, 156, 215 

battles, table of 320 

register 85 

affairs/original letters on 121 

140, 157, 2 ( j<), 304*326 
Kaval eteeya, from the t'olum- 

Siau 287,4O0j naval tactics] ^4; 
vards 140; arsenal 151; dry 
docLs 157, 215 

>arj of the U. S. 75, 85, 286, 



320; British opinion of 156; 
Br. policy on the lakes 290; 
the reduction of the officers 
304? admirals proposed 326; 
reports of the secretary 286 
Neapolitans, restored by Deca- 
tur 209 
Nepaul, in India 183, 284, 364 
Netherlands* the kingdom of 153 

, the bishops of 283 

New Grenada 300, 331 

N. Hampshire — -electioneering 436 
New Jersey election 171 

manufactures 194 

valuation of, &.c. 251 

— gov'r's speech 205, 415 

Newspapers, tax upon in Eng. 171 
New-London 151 
New-Orleans, commerce of 216 
— occurrence at 452 



New- York, penitentiary 76; ci- 
ty hall 170; report of the 
committee of defence 192; 
valuation and quota of direct 
tax 206; commerce 244; pro- 
ceedings in the legislature 
419, 436; governor's speech 421 
Niagara river, the islands in 103 

of the battle of 133 

Niger river 115, 200 

Niles' AVeekly Register, pros- 
pectus 381 
Nicholson's price current, ex- 
tract from 423 
North pole, a proposed visit to 228 
North Carolina, — valuation of 
lands, houses and slaves 250 

political character 260 

resolves of the le- 
gislature 298 

act of, for electing 

electors 31 

authorizes a statue 9 

of Washington ib 

proceedings on in- 

ib. 



ternal improvement 
O. 
Observateur, extract frojn 240 
Onondaga prophet 77 

Ohio, governor's message 385 
O'Conner Arthur 135 

Onis, don received by the pre- 
sident 316 
Orange, the prince of 432 

P. 
Pauper statistics 138, 231 

Pav of the officers of the armv, 

&c. " 302 

"Peace-party" 43 

Peacock, sloop of war 188 

Peart, Francis 32 

Pendleton district, S. C. 153 

Pennsylvania-election 120, 188,214 

appropriations for 

improvements 143 

— ' valuation of the 

lands and houses of 249 

finances of 332 

gov. message 382 

delegation cele- 
brates Jackson's victory 

right of suffrage 



Perpetual motion 171 

Peruvian, anecdote of 2 

Petion, presidtnt 430 

Phenomena 172 

Philadelphia lazaretto 172 

Pike general 155 

Pirate, a 136 

Pittsfield cattle show,&c. Ill, 162 
Plague, the 115 

Plattsburg, celebration at 7-5 

Poland 132, 260 

Poor rates, &c. 138 

Pope, the 210, 211 

Population of the U. States and 

England 230, 239 

Porlier, gen. 258 

Porter, com. his toast 299 

Portuguese court 415 

Postage, British regulations of 198 

the extra rate repealed 451 

Pritchard, Mr. at NewOrleans 452 
Privateers at sea 32© 

Prices current — at Charleston 
75; at Boston 75; London 75, 
133, 150,200,210; Philadel- 
phia 202, 364; Liverpool 258; 
Richmond 364; New Orleans 
404. 
Proclamation of the president 
of the U. S. respecting the 
affairs of Mexico 33; as to set- 
tlements on public lands 286 
Prevost, sir George 30, 257 

Proctor, maj. gen. 197 

"Prospect before us" 1 

Prospectus, the W. Register 381 
Pablic lands of the U. S. 278 

Q. 
Quakers, register of death 76 

R. 
Ramsay,Dr.his history 151; tri- 
al of the person who killed 
him 429 

Rawdon, lord case of 24 

Receipts and expenditures, U\ 

States 277, 397 

Reid, capt. S. C. 134 

,maj. his proposed history 151 
Report of the committee of de- 
fence of N. York 192 

annual, of the secretary 

of the treasury 261 
of the committee of 



erry, 



Henry 
commodore 



388 

436 

33 

428 



commerce and manufactures 447 
of the secretary of the 

navy 286 
of the committee of 

ways and means 354 
of the director of the 

mint 358 
Revenue of the U. S. 404 
Right of suffrage protected 213 
Robertson, Dr. in Mexico 299 
Roman statistics 37 
catholics, their progress 

in China, &c. 73 

Home, liberty at 259 

Royal doings 45 

couplings 115 

polygamy 184 

Royalty, strange notions of 431 
Rumford, count his donation to 

Cambridge university 284 

Russian manifesto 1 ' 42 



tNDEX. 



VJi 



s, 

Sailor's notion 43 

Salt spring 216, 404 

Salaries t 350 

Saratoga convention prisoners 18 
Savannah, commence of 430 

Saxony, address of the king 39 
Scotch sent to Canada 64 

Schuylkill bridge 404 

Seamen, Am. arrive in cartels 244 
Senate of the U. S. list of and 

period of service 427 

Seneca locks 44 

Servia 168, 198, 297 

Sheep 112; and wool and books 137 
Sheffield, lord 137, 138 

Shelby, gov. 404 

Ships, ventilation of 108 

the largest in the world 260 

Ship timber 332 

Shipwrecks 64, 204 

Sicard, the abbe 152 

Slave trade 60, 133, 172, 403 
Slaves captured 78 

Slippery trick 215 

Small pox, British decision 



British, an account of 



respecting 44; cases of 430 
Smuggling 332 

Snake, extraordinary 162 

Snow in Canada 188 

Somnambulation 32 

South America— see New-Gra- 
nada, Buenos Ayres, &c. and 
169, 170, 187, 260, 300, 404 

— British trade to 209 

————— incomes of indivi- 
duals in 307 

— — Spanish cruelty in 364 

South Carolina — Pendleton dist. 
153; governor's message 358; 
free schools 429 

Spain— state of 73, 431, 432; re- 
lations of the U. S. with 392, 405 
-*— - the kings miracles 413 

Spanish patriots 26, 181, 210, 

213, 258 
-— — - Jesuits 27 

■■» ■ 80 gun ship blown up 32 
colonies, see Mexico, 



67 — see British slocks. 
Stockholm, failures at 403 

Stones, moving 171, 188 

Stonnington, the battle cele- 
brated at 43; relation of the 
affair at 134; anecdotes 172 
Storms in the E. States 103, 172 
Strong gen. addresses the Vt. 

volunteers 153 

Suffrage, the right of— a law- 
case 213 
Sugar — improved process for 
making 348; on the cultiva- 
tion of in the U. S. 349; rais- 
ed in Georgia 405 
Supplement to the 8th vol. its 

contents 65 
9th vol. propos- 
ed 285, 382 
Supreme court of the U. S. 420 
Susquehannah river, rise of 404 
Sweden, state of 431 
Swedish navy 172 
Switzerland — note to the diet 
and reply 39; affairs of 102; 
regulations in respect to 
French emigrants 260 
Syren, the late U. S. brig 14; 
I Keut. Nicholson's letter, &c. 433 



132 

320 

404 

298, 429 



Tariff, the new — see congress 

and 436, 437 

Taurino cloth 191 

Telegraphs 171, 244 

Tennessee election 76 120 m 179 

governor's message 179 

legislature 260 

Theatrical benefits 136 

Themistocles 59, 139 

Tobacco, price of 299, 332, 430 
Tompkins, gov. biographichal 

memoir of 245 

Treasury report — the annual 

261; estimates for 1816, 357 

— : notes issued, &c. 278 

Treaty between G. B. and U. S. 16 
• Louis and the 

allies 169, 307, 372. 



of 370; resolves on internal im- 
provement 229; board of public 
works 451; honors her sons dis- 
tinguished in the late war 452 
Vermont election 44,76,120,151, 
171; volunteers 153; gover- 
nor's speech 177; valuation of 370 

W. 
Wales, the princess of 
"War on the ocean" 
War office contracts 
Washington 74, 
Washington city — improves 136; 
of the canal 170; on the burn- 
ing of 156; rising of the capital 171 
Wasp, the U. S. ship 298, 364 

Wasp and Avon 155 

Water melons, large 47 

Waterloo— Britsh loss at 26, 184 
Blucher's accounts 20; hor- 
rors of the battle 23; Dutch 
and Belgian loss 61; Prussian 
loss 73; aggregate loss 184; 
scraps respecting ib.% prince 
regent of England's procl- 
amation respecting 
Water spout 
Wealth and resources of the U. 

States 237 

Webb, Christiana 420 

Weights and measures — bill in 

parliament 119 

Wellington, the duke of 72 

his plate restored 166 

a township so called 452 



74 
77 



South America, &c. 
— remonstrance 
proclamation 



■ — change of ministry 
impudence 



118 
128 
259 

430 



Specie, on the export of 16, 31; 
imported 215; price of 258, 
see price's current, 
— — — arrival of at Cadiz 403; 

payments resumed 404 

Speaking, cost of 430 

Speech of the gov. of N. Y. 420 

Squirrel hunt 136 

Stnge consumed by fire 452 

Steam— ships 76; boats 152, 

171; engines 77; power 260; 

frigate see "Fulton" and 168, 

198; navigation 171; proposed 

on the lakes 428 

St. Helena 59, 166— see Bona- - 

parte. 
— conversation respect- 
ing 118 
Stocks, American 202> prices 
of in England 374 



U 



—preliminary withFrance 307 
commercial between the 

S. andG.B. 310,333,350 

between the U. S. and 

Algiers 312, 333 
with the Indians — see 



West Point, an account of the 

academy at, &c. 17, 58 

West Indies, British 64 

Whale fishery 216 

Wilkinson, gen. strictures up- 
on his defence 425 
— — — — , pension to by the 
state of Maryland 436 

, memoirs of 151 

Wilmington, Del. an account of 94 
Winter at Quebec 280; in Sibe- 
ria 300; in Florida 430 
Wives, harmony of 228 
Wool, imported into England 112 



"Indian treaties" 
Treaties between the allies 414 
Tripoli, see Algiers— fleet of 283 
Tunis — see Algiers 
Tythes, 57, 136, 171, 236 

U. 
University of Maryland 84 

V. 
Valparaiso 136 

Valuation of the U. S. and G. B. 

237, 241 
Ventilation of ships 108 

Venezuela 299, 404, 430 

Vessels, British and American 

captured 320 

Virgin carried off 430 

Virginia — western 152; valua- 
tion of property in 281; finan- 
ces «f 282, 358; bank, the case 



American do. 

Wolf hunt 

Woman, a very tall one 
a remarkable onQ 



Wood, price of 



424 

430 

76 

300 

61 



York, the duke of 

— : — in Upper Canada, refuta- 
tion of the falsehoods re- 
specting the destruction of 159 

York river 215 

Yeas and Nays, in congress, on 
the bill to carry into effect 
the convention wi th G.B. 391,434 

on the double duties 

363, 418 

'* — on the duties on salt 

379, 433 

on the Direct tax 413 

in respect to the pe- 
tition on behalf of the officers 
and crew of the Argus 434 

— i on the furniture tax 435 

Z 

Zimaaermao, dies 75 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



No. 1 of vol. IX.] BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER ~, 1315. [whole no. 209. 



7/ae o/i'/n me-minisse juvabit. — Virgil. 



PRINTED AND PUBLISHED B If H. JVILES, NO. 29, SOUTH CALVEIIT-STHSET, At $5 PE'l AWL*. 



The editor has the pleasure to oiler this first 
"number of the 9th vol. printed on a beautiful new 
type of American manufacture. It is with pride we 
make the declaration,- that the printing business of 
the United States is completely independent of the 
old world for its materials. 

It may be well again to mention, that the sUfjpee- 
memt roil the EiGUTii votuME is nearly finished, and 
will be forwarded (to those who have ordered it) 
with the index for that Volume, in about or less than 
two weeks. Those who Wish it, will please to pay 
the editor's agents for it at the time they settle for 
the present year's Hegisteii in advance. The sup- 
plement contains a very great mass of curious, en- 
tertaining and important things. 

The present sheet will be found to have an unu- 
sual quantity of important matter. The grand dra- 
ma in Europe has nearly closed; but some suppose 
it may again be opened with events as astonishing 
as any that have yet occurred: The details be- 
longing to things past have latterly monopolized our 
pages so as to forbid the insertion of articles that 
v/e are more pleased to* lay before our readers. If 
the Register may lose some of it3 usefulness as a 
book of reference, by the calm of the world, the 
editor is satisfied he can render.it much more inte- 
resting, to the generality of his subscribers, as a 
periodical paper : To do which, he has a very ample 
Stock of original and selected matter. And, indeed, 
t}\c task is also easier to make up half of the sheet 
With articles from manuscript, than to labor through 
the tens of thousands of reports and paragraphs of 
the newspapers, to keep up and preserve a chain of 
facts, 



"The prospect before us*" 

It is so much the custom for editors of works like 
this, to make an occasional stop, and hold a little 
familiar chat with their patrons, that I might be 
supposed to want due respect for the numerous rea- 
ders of the Weekly Register, if I were to omit an 
observance of it. 

The existing state of things, as well as the "pros- 
pect before us," is most happy for the American 
people. The republic, reposing on the laurels 

OP A GLORIOUS WAR, GATHERS THE RICH HARVEST OF 

an honorable teace. Every where the sound of the 
axe is heard opening the forest to the sun, and 
claiming for agriculture the range of the buffalo. — 
Our cities grow and towns rise up as by magic; 
fcommerce expands her proud sails in safety, and 
the "striped bunting" floats with majesty over 
every sea. The busy hum of ten thousand Wheels 
fills our seaports, and the sound of the spindle and 
the loom succeeds the yell of the savage or screech 
of the night owl in the late wilderness of the interior. 
The lord of the soil, who recently deserted the plough 
to meet the enemies of his country on its threshold, 
and dispute the possession, has returned in quiet 
to his fields, exulting that the republic Uvest, and in 
honor! The hardy hunter, whose deadly rifle lately 
brought the foeman to the earth, has resumed -his 
former life, and, in the tracMess forest, employs the 



Vol, IX 



same weapon, with unerring aim, to stop the fleet 
deer in his course. Plenty crowns the works of 
peace with abundance, and scatters from her cor- 
nucopia all the good things of this life, with prodi- 
gal bounty. A high and honorable feeling gene- 
rally prevails, and the people begin to assume, more 
and more, a NATIONAL. CHARACTER; and to 
look at home for the only means, under Divine good- 
ness, of preserving their religion and liberty— with 
^all the blessings that flow from their unrestricted 
enjoyment. The 'bulwark' of these is in the sanc- 
tity of their principles, and the virtue and valor of 
those who profess, to love them; and need no gua- 
rantee from the blood-stained and profligate princ- 
es and powers of Europe. Morality and good order 
ever prevails— canting hypocrisy has but few advo- 
cates, for the Great Architect of the universe s 
worshipped on the altar of men's hearts, in the way 
that each believes most acceptable to Him undi- 
rected by the ministers of the "evil one," in the 
shape of 'inquisitors or government priests. The great 
body Of the clergy of the United States are really 
"ambassadors of Christ," of moral lives and virtuous 
deportment; and the people, to whom they are ame- 
nable, liberally support them in these good disposi- 
tions. All sects unite, each in their own way, in 
love and unity, to seek the hidden treasure, and 
raise the grand anthem of "holiness to the Lord" 
when they find it in a conscience at ease. No man 
has a preference over another because he is sup- 
posed t>y the larj to worship God more correctly 
than his neighbor. No man is compelled to contri- 
bute to the support of a sect that his own sense of 
reason does not approve. Every one is free to pur- 
sue what course he pleases in civil or religious 
matters, provided, only, he observes the rules laid 
down to preserve order and the moral law. 

A practical proof of the advantages of these 
tilings was found in the god-like HUMANITY of 
the soldiers and seamen of the United States, in 
the late War. Determined to conquer, they seemed, 
in the strong metaphor of the late general Wayne, 
ready to pursue an enemy to the "gates of h — ," 
but equally willing to risk every thing to pre- 
serve those who submitted, even though they had 
been associates rof the tomahawk and temping knife — 
villains that purchased the bloody trophy torn 
from the heads of -momen and cluldren! When ai 
have so well deserved a crown of glory for the prac- 
tice of this heavenly quality, a notice of particular 
cases may appear invidious and unjust} but the for- 
bearance of the gallant KentucJHqns to the individu- 
als of Proctor's army, who had recently been silent 
spectators, if not accomplices, in the massacre and 
burning to death of their fellow citizens at the river 
Jxaisiii; and of the crew of the Hornet , who, hot 
from the fight, and With the shout of victory still 
on their lips, rushed into danger to rescue the crew 
of the Peacock from a watery grave, in doing which 
three of our noble fellows perished! nor was thisf 
all — for they stripped themselves to clothe the nak« 
ed prisoners, who had not time to save any thing/ 
from the wreck — may merit the most distinguish- 
ed regard. -Such things are the more re- 

splendant from the opposite conduct of the British 
— whose general proceedings bavs been' marked by 



2 SILTS' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1813, 

an .i'; trine insensibility to the sufferings of those formers of the United States, on -an average, re 
who anhappih fell in their power. As one case, ceiveas much money for articles manufactured .'mi 
theft ying JSomriy^, was refused a drop their own houses, over and above what they require: 

of his own wine >> moisten bis parched lips, and of them for their own wants, as they expend for 



• the La * strj 



ofexi rm% nature.* 



others of a foreign product. This is 



'and af- 



Such are among the inestimable blessing's that fur ; and those who know some of the facts, will not 
flow from a free constitution. May heaven, miner- esteem it unreasonable to say, that the stores in the 
cj to mankind, preserve it .is an example, and take! city of Baltimore dispose of domestic goods to the 
ved country into its charge as the perma* ' value of a million her immtm — the like general cha- 



•i . for the oppa eased of all nations — as a ci 
f ; of r< Puge where the weary may find repose? ac 
knowl edging no tin-one but that of the Curator of 
[ding to no law not built upon the 
I ublk will. 



raeterand quality of which must have been looked 
for abroad eight of ten years ago. And so it is in 
other parts of the United States. It is true, we 
have latterly received vast quantities of foreign 
goods, so that perhaps, and probably, the whole re- 



Th< progress of our country in population, wealth • venue accruing in the year 1815, may amount tor for- 
es, is without parallel. The census of ti/-fve millions of dollars, the duties being doubled,- 



L give us no1 less tiian ten millions of peo- 

{ large and unexpected portion will 

. d of the JtUeganics, having erai- 
t . from the east — with a tripled proportion of 



is they are; but the country was completely exhaust- 
ed of many things which the national industry, di- . 
verted by other objects, was yet incompetent to sup- 
ply; and besides, with the progress of wealth, there 



•• nrces compared with What they is also a progressive demand made by luxury, far 

l in 1810) the ""calamities of the war," notwith- beyond the real wants or mere conveniences of a; 

t . .. great ease with which a livelihood people. 

'..i.iv.-d in the republic, will continue a like in- 1 A reduction and general modification of the ex* 



v. est for many generations-, aria the 

- will go on With a geometrical ratio. And 
Uiuch assistance to eaon may be expected from war- 
worn Europeans, seeking a place of rest from op- 
. . c tains. Ii * hardly possible to ima- 
ith any degree of certainty, the value annu- 
..-.'/ by the recently applied industry of the 
people to xaxcf.vctcrks, aided by the various la- 
ving macldn cry adapted to large institutions 
or ha a-- c . ',Li establishments. Wc are friendly to the 
iven extent, but it is on the latter that 
rely to accomplish a sublime indepen- 
dence of thenew world. The one is liable to ob- 
;-.- as to health, morals and intelligence [the 
»f Ubertjt] and may also be productive of a 
f dependence, that the other is free from; and 
by means of the tune of women and children, unpro- 
fitable lost six years since, now gives a value to the 
general stock of wealth of not less than 30 or 40 
millions of dollars a year. Thin is- a clear gain, U the 
■> — not to speak of the multitude of large ma- 
nu£tctories of cotton and wool Spread over the Uni- 
ted States. 

1 believe it may now be fairly calculated that the 

* ! give it as a deliberate opinion, that the British 
ter, as exhibited by the officers of the army 
arc! navy, is more barbarous and cruel than that of 
ther people. See tlie Wkekli JtaGisrsn, in a 
thousand place*;, for the evidence on which this 
opii ion is founded — see even the cases which ;u ci- 
dentally, and in course, are stated in the present 
sliced, page 14. Are these' wretches, '.Hhe bulwark 
of oca retigitnJ* "Let me never see heaven," said 
the Peruvian**) the murdering Spaniards that deso- 
lated hi s country, and who were exhorting him to 
tiMfi Christian, **ifftbe JMedjtrtth tmchment* 9 And 
perish the religion, say % that seeks protection in 
of human Llood, and heaps of human misery. 
-jUow magnificent and appropriate are the ideas' 
that strike us from a consideration of the follow* 
i«g words, with which the reverend doctor Ivglis t 

his address to the throne of grace," on rection resolutions, or Hartford conventions 



feting duties, as well as a relinquishment of all the 
indirect, taxes, i?j expected at the end of a year af- 
ter the close of the war; but still, the national in- 
come will amply supply all its wants, and diminish 
the public debt as fast, perhaps, as time policy may 
require; for the national securities present us with 
a medium of commerce a<3 well foreign as domestic, 
that, it is possible, might be too suddenly with- 
drawn. That is, supposing we shall have peace, of 
which there is the happiest prospect, in the late 
news received of a commercial treaty being signed 
with England, the nation most likely to involve us 
in M r ar. But the demand for foreign manufactures 
will be small compared with what it would have 
been, if the orders and decrees of the late belligerents 
had not driven us into the idea of being indepen- 
dent of them. It is not less easy to abandon habits 
that do "rev?/ well"* than adopt others with the 
prospect of doing so. A general spirit for manu- 
facturing was got up with great difficulty, and can- 
not now be laid aside without immense exertion and 
sacrifice. The money that has been invested in our 
various branches of manufacture, including- the 
rearing of sheep and cultivation of the cane to make 
sugar, within the last 8 or 10 years,- and now em- 
ployed in them, far exceeds that occupied by fo- 
reign trade. And happily it is so; for if the weight 
of the power of the "legitimates" of Europe shall 
settle the people down into the calm of despotism, 
and a general peace lasts for live years, the ship* 
ping interest of the United States, now or recently 
engaged in trading with that part of the world and 
its colonies, will suffer a diminution of 40 or 50 per 
cent, and the demand for some of our most valuable 
and bulky staple articles of agriculture will be ex- 
ceedingly reduced. The fact is, we hael a great 
deal more of the commerce of the world than our 
share, as they who would have sold every honorable 
feeling to England fiSp a miserable part of it, will 
soon ascertain But this is of little consequence to 
the bulk of the people; who would rather have 
peace and quietness than Boston memorials, insur- 



the happy occasion of laying the corner stone of a 

monument to be erected to the memory of li'ashing- 

tfj/L, J! I liri'Uirore: 

"8OVKKBI0X or watioxs, whose throne is the only 



in the general prosperity, we behold the downfal 
of that faction which would have made a common 
interest with the British, during the late war— a fac- 
tion that, for the profligacy of its proceedings, all 



throne before which our fee republic bows herself,- if j things considered, stands witliout precedent— a fac 
we know our own Hearts, it is our delight todoltion that would have raised itself to power on the 

homage, as our monarch, our judge and our| — -~ ~-' 

G'»d r ' " • *«L e t. very 7i'?!l alone" says .Franklin. 



FILES' Weekly register— money statistics. 



9 



Woken fasces of the union! It falts as its country rieete 
—-the stability df the republic is arsenic to its hopes 
&nd wishes. Miserable, in the honorable result of 
the war; miserablei that Creat Britain did not re- 
duce us to "unconditional submission" — miserable, 
that Mr. Madison was not "deposed" by a foreign 
force'; miserable, that they are despised by the peo- 
ple they would have given soul and body to serve; 
miserable, that they are laughed at by all who con- 
sider them too contemptible for serious rebuke — 
they drink the very dreg's of the cup of mortifica- 
tion, but alter their ways with bitterness and curs- 
ings. These men had no pride in the name of an 
American,* and it may be right to treat them as 
tt&ens when we speak of the affairs of the republic. 
„i6ut, if they must be considered as of our people, we 
have the satisfaction to say that they are a small and 
tin; only portion of the population whose heart does 
not leap with gratitude to heaven for its munificence 
to the Unite o States; 

While thus the republic prospers in plenty and 
peace, with the exception of some shreds of the 
wai* yet existing with the late British allies, the sa- 
vage murderers of the frontier west — a guarantee 
for whose good conduct will speedily be found 
in punishment received, if the}^ do not cease their 
depredations, and all the departments of govern- 
ment goon with vigorous harmony; apart of the 
|>ower of the nation is exerted to chastise Algiers. 
Unawed by. the humiliation of the neighboring go- 
vernment of Tripoli, that of Algiers, following the 
lead of its patron, began to capture our ships 
and impress our seamen, for his defship "wanted meuP 
But no sooner was the aifair with the principal set- 
tled, than preparations were made to open a new 
theatre, of glory for our tars, and carry the "hit of 
Striped bunting" in triumph over the African seas. 
With eagle-rapidity they have pounced upon the 
maia-stealing barbarian, and, in a measure, alreadj^ 
annihilated his marine, With an inferior force, and 
threatened his capital ! Oh! tlfet it may fall to the 
lot of this youthful republic to have the high honor 
*>f reducing this nest of pirates, so long the pest of 
the christian world, to an observance of the rights 
of peace and war; and make the civilized nations of 
Europe bkishfor that vile jealousy, wicked policy, 
and dirty calculation of interest which induced 
them to permit or endure such depredators: What 
ynen can do will be done by our forces in theMedlter- 
ra-iean — they who prostrated the bloody cross will 
bring down the pale crescent— the eagle on the ocean 
will not desert the pine tree's top that was his nest- 
ing place in the forest. 

Let us then, fellow citizens, cherish our republi- 
can institutionsj'and hold up as "objects for scorn to 
jpoint her slow immoving finger at" any one that 
'would jeopardize them, or bring- them into disre- 
pute. We have a*strong monarchical party amongst 
ii£, whose principle-is imported from England* that 
.must be carefully watched. Let us recollect the 
saying of the sage who declared, that he who gives 
iip essential liberty to purchase temporary safetv, -de- 
serves n either liberty nor safety; and* always acting. 
tip to it, fix the disposition in our mind as a part of 
®ur existence, that these United States are, of God 
and by our right, free, sovereign and independent; 
and, in this persuasion, also feel a determination to 
tebey the injunction of VKashington, "and frown in- 
^'dignantby on the first drawing of an attempt to al- 
ternate one portion of our country from the rest, or 
•<*t6 enfeeble the sacred ties that now link together 
""the various parts." 



Money Statistics. 

The following calculations will shew the relative 
plentity, or scarcity, of money in Baltimore and 

Boston — on which every one may reason for himself, 
(£/The 1st column is the name of tiiC bank — the 
2nd the sum paid in oh each share — the 3d the S_< 
ling price, and the 4th the advance per cent. 
Bank of Maryland $300 $360 $20 



Baltimore 300 


350 




16 5j3 


Union Bank (half shares) 50 


63 




26 


Mechanics' 15 


22 


50 


50 


Franklin 17 50 


23 


50 


34 39 


Commercial and Farmers' 25 


34 




36 


Farmers' and/ Merchants' 45 


53 




17 33 


Marine - - 25 


30 




20 


City - - 15 


20 




33 31 



Nine banks— 9)2.53 f\ 
Average advance pS cent. g28 19 



BOSTON. 

State Bank 
Union Bank 
Boston Bank 
Manu t\ ictur ers 
and Mechanics' 



91 per cent. 

92 a 93 
96 a 97 

I 95 a 97 



under par g,9 
7 



Amount 23 50 



Deduct— 
Massachusetts Bank 1 a li above par- 



-1 25 
2 50- 



Six banks— -6)19 25 

Average depreciation per cent, $3 20 

This account of the selling pnees of the several 
stocks. mentioned, is taken from the public prices cm-* 
vent of the two places, and may be accepted as su? 
ficiently accurate. 

We have the following result— ■ 
The average advance of the') 

Baltimore bank stock is 3 
The average depreciation of > 

the Boston bank stock is X 



$28 19perce7&. 



3 20 



. $31 39 
These added together, shew that §100 of bank 
stock is worth $31 39 more in Baltimore than it is 
in Boston. 

But the Bostonians will say that money there M 
at par with specie, and that ours is not; We admit 
it is so at present, but will not probably remain so.j 
However, specie, at present, obtains a premium" of 
from 12 to 14 per cent at Baltimore. Take even ali 
that at the most unfair method it can be calculated:* 
and still fjTiJtiO df bank stock in Baltimore is worth 
J§18 39 more than it is in Boston; 

Nominal superior value per cent, of the. 
, Baltimore stocks <5Si o9 

Deduct premium for specie^(medium) 13 



Nov/, tills clearly 



gl8 39 
shews that the Baltimore banks 



as the Boston folks very liberty 



are "bankrupts/ 5 
and hind 7 ;., 

THAT THE PEOP*: TKINR SO ! ! JMferCtbiU dic-Al? 

Very correct ideas or the prevailing circulation or' 
money in the two places, may be gathered from a 
consideration of these facts. 

__J 1 __* 



hi 



We,xSaiv7-Q/-A-e7i<-EngtfKd" folks. 



■The real advance of the N. England Bank shares 
per cent is not stated. The price current says they 
re at 6} a 6-J per share advance. The above is, there- 
fore, mere ry sapposrtiart, but, pei*nnp,s neariy coraec^ 



4 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 18I&- 



British Parliament. 

HOCTSi OF LORDS JULY 12. 

A Fftw p- mutes after 12 o'clock ins royal highne 8s 
the prince regent, attended by the royal suite, eV* 
tered the . oil! e, tad being seated on the throne, lu 
his royal robes, sir Thomas Tvrwhitt, knight, gen- 
tleman usher of the black rod, Was despatched i° 
order the attendance of the commons, who forth" 
with, to a great number, -with the speaker at their 
bead, appealed si die bar. 

The prince regent then delivered the following 
speech from the throne : — 
K vlf / lord* end gentlemen, 

"1 cannot close this session of parliament without 
ag.dn expressing pay deep regret at the continuance 
of hi> m:vjesty\j lamented indisposition. 

"At the commencement of the present session, I 
entertained a confident hope, that the peace which 
I had concluded, in conjunction 'with his majesty's 
allies, would meet with no interruption ; that, af- 
ter so many years of continued warfare and unexam- 
pled calamity, the nations of Europe would be al- 
lowed to enjoy that repose for which they had been 
so long contending ; and that your efforts might be 
directed to alleviate the burthens of his majesty's 
people, and to adopt such measures as might best 
promote the internal prosperity of his dominions. 

"These expectations were disappointed by an act 
of violence and perfidy, of which no parallel can be 
flu Lei in history., 

•'T. ; e usurpation of the supreme authority in 
Prance. by Bonaparte, in consequence of the defec- 
tion of the Frcr.ca armies from their legitimate so- 
vereign, appeared to me to be so incompatible with 
the general security of other countries, as well as 
with the engagements to which the French nation 
had recently been a party, that I felt I had no alter- 
native but vo employ the military resources of his 
y's dominions, in conjucdon with his majes- 
ty'., allies, to pi event the re-establishment of asy3 
tern which experience has proved to be the source 
of such incalculable woes to Europe. 

"Under such circumstances you w r ill have seen 
With just pride and satisfaction, the splendid suc- 
cess With wwicli itha3 pleased Divine Providence to 
bless his majesty's arms and those of his allies. 

"Whilst the glorious and ever-memorable battle, 
obtained at Waterloo, by field-marshals the duke of 
Wellington and prince' Blucher, has added fresl 
lu strc<to the characters of those great commanders, 
and has exalted the military reputation of this coun 
try beyond all former example,! I has at the same time 
produced -he inostdecisive effects on the operations 
of the war, by delivering from invasion the domi 
luonsof the king of the Netrienands, and by plac 
ing, in the short space of fifteen days, the city of 
J'ci.-i-i, and a large pan of the kingdom of France, 
in the military occupation of the allied armies. 

'• \ midst events *<> important, I am confident you 
will see how necessary it is, tnat there should be 
• i -ion iii our exertions, until I shall be ena- 
bled, in conduction with his majesty's allies, to com- 
thdse arrangements which may afford the pros- 
pect of permanent peace and security to Europe. 
"Gentlemen of the heme of commons, 
"I thank you for the very liberal provision you 
hive made for the services of the present year. 
. "J deeply lament the continuance and increase of 
Uummi burthens which the great military exertions of 
,ent campaign, combined with the heavy ar- 
] -ars remaining due for the expencea of .he former 
Wr, have rendered indispcnsible, and which his 
'a loyal subjects, from a conviction ef their! 



necessity, have sustained with such exemplary for- 
titude -md cheerfulness. 

"You have already seen, however, the fruit of the 
exertions which have been made ; and there can be 
no doubt that the best economy will be found to re- 
sult from that policy which may enable us to bring 
the cons est to the most speedy termination. 
ie *\ly fords and gentlemen. 

The brilliant and rapid success of the 'Austrian: 
arms at the opening of the campaign, has led to the 
restoration of the kingdom of Naples to its ancient 
sovereign, and to the deliverance of that important 
portion of Italy from foreign influence and domi- 
nion. 

"I have further the satisfaction of acquainting, 
you, that the authority of his most Christian majes- 
ty iias been again acknowledged in his capital, to 
which ids majesty has himself repaired. 

"The restoration of peace between this country and 
the United States of America has been followed by a net 
gociation for the commercial treaty , which I have every 
reason to hope will be terminated upon conditions calcu- 
lated to cement the good understanding subsisting be- 
tween the two countries, and equally beneficial to the in- 
terests of both. 

"I have great pleasure in acquainting you, that 
the labors of the congress at Vienna, had been 
brought to a conclusion by the signature of a treaty, 
which, as the ratifications have not yet been ex- 
changed, could not be communicated to you, but 
yet I expect to be enabled to lay before you when I. 
next meet you in parliament. 

"I cannot release you from your attendance with- 
out assuring' you, that it is in a great degree to the . 
support which you have afforded me, that I ascribe 
the success of my earnest endeavors for the public. 
welfare ; and on no occasion has that support been 
more important than in the course of the present 
session. 

"In the further prosecution of such measures' as 
may be necessary to bring the great contest in which 
we are engaged to an honorable and satisfactory con- 
clusion, I shall rely with confidence on the experi- 
enced zeal and steady loyalty of all classes of his 
majesty's subjects ; and they may depei^d on my 
efforts to improve our present advantages in such 
manner as may best provide for the general tranqui- 
lity of Europe, and maintain the niglj character 
which this country enjoys amongst the nations of the 
world. 5 ' i 

At the conclusion of the royal speech, the lord 
chancellor having approached the throne, and re- 
ceived the prince regent's commands for the pur- 
pose, came forward, and addressed both houses as 
follows : 

"My lords and gentlemen, 

"It is the will and pleasure of his royal highness 
the prince regent, acting in the name and on the be- 
half of his majesty, that this parliament be pro- 
rogued to Tuesday the twenty-second day of Au- 
gust next, to be then there hoklen : and this par- 
liament is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday the 
22d day of August next." 



Foreign Articles. 

PROCLAMATION OF LOUIS XYIII. 
Louis, by the grace of God, king of France and Na- 
varre, to all our faithful subjects, health: 
At the time when the most cruel of enterprizes f 
seconded by the most inconceivable defection, com- 
pelled us to quit momentarily om* kingdom, we in- 
formed you of the dangers which threatened you> 
unless you hastened tq shake off the yoke of a ty- 



MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



5 



rannical usurper. We wore not willing to unite our 
arms, nor those of our family., to 'the instruments 
which Providence has employed to punish treason. 
But now that the powerful efforts of our allies have 
dissipated the satellites of the tyrant, we hasten to 
re-enter our states, there to re-establish the constitu- 
tion which we have given to France, to repair by all 
means in. our power the evils of revolt, and of the 
war, its necessary consequence; to reward the good, 
to put in execution the existing laws against the gull- 
tv,- in short, to call round our paternal throne the 
immense majority of Frenchmen, whose fidelity, cou- 
rage and devotedness have brought such pleasing 
consolations to our heart. 

Given at Chateau Cambresis, 26th of June, in the 
year of grace 1815, and our reign the 29th. 

(Signed) LOUIS. 

Paths, jjtly 5. Proclamation of the Commission 
of government to the French;, 

Frenchmen, — In the difficult circumstances in 
which the reins of the state were confided to us, it 
was not in our power to govern the course of events 
and to remove all dangers; but it was our duty to 
defend the interests of the people and of the army, 
alike endangered in the cause of a man abandoned 
by fortune, justice and the national will. 

It was our duty to preserve to the country, the 
precious remains of those brave legions whose -*u 
rage is superior to reverses, and who have been vic- 
tims of a devotion which the country now claims. 

It was our duty to save the capital from the hor- 
rors of a siege, or the chances of a battle; to main- 
tain public tranquility in the midst of the tumult 
and agitations of war; to sustain the hopes of the 
friends x>f liberty, amidst the fears and inquietudes 
of a.suspicious vigilance; it was our duty above all 
to avoid the useless effusion of blood. 

It was necessary to choose between securing the 
national existence, or running the risk of expos- 
ing the country and the citizens to a general de- 
struction, which would leave neither hope nor se- 
curity. 

None of the means of defence that time and our 
resources permitted, nothing that the service of the 
camps and of the city required, was neglected. 

Whilst the pacification of the west was conclud- 
ing, plenipotentiaries went to meet the allied pow- 
ers, and all the documents of that negociation have 
been laid before your representatives. 

The fate of the capital is determined by a conven- 
tion. Its inhabitants, whose firmness, courage and 
perseverance are above all praise; its inhabitants 
continue to guard it. 

The declarations of the sovereigns of Europe in- 
spire too much confidence to fear that our liberties 
and our dearest interests can be sacrificed to vie* 
t.ory. 

We will receive at length the guarantees which 
are to prevent those alternate and temporary tri- 
umphs of the factions that have agitated us for 25 
years, which are to terminate the revolution, and 
mingle under a common protection the parties to 
which it has given birth, and those who have op- 
posed it. 

Those guarantees, which hitherto have existed 
only in our principles and in our courage, we shall 
find in our laws, in our constitution, in our repre- 
sentative system. 

For whatever may be the knowledge, the virtues, 
the personal qualities of a monarch, they are never 
sufficient to secure the people from the oppression 
of power, from the prejudices, the pride, the injus- 
tice of courts, and the ambition of courtiers. 



Frenchmen, peace is necessary to your commerce, 
to your arts, to Hie amelioration of your manni ; , 
to the developement of the resources that remain to 
you. 

Je united, and ycu are near to the close of your 
misfortunes. 

The repose of Europe is inseparable from youfci; 
Europe is interested in your tranquility and in your 
happiness. 

(Signed) The Duke of OTRANTO. 

Declaration of the honne of representative?; July S. 

The troops of the allied powers come to occupy 
the capital; the house of representatives will ne- 
vertheless continue to sit and to deliberate in the 
midst of the inhabitants of Paris, where the express 
will of the people has called their delegates. 

But, under these weighty circumstances, the 
house of representatives owes to itself, to France, 
to Europe, a declaration of its sentiments and of its 
principles; it declares, therefore, that it makes 
especially a solemn appeal to the fidelity and to the 
patriotism of the Parisian national guard, entrusted 
with the care of the place where the representatives 
of the nation are assembled. 

It declares that it reposes with the highest con- 
fidence upon the principles of morality, of honor, 
of magnanimity, of the allied powers, and upon 
their respect for the independence of the nation, so 
strongly manifested in their declarations. 

It declares that the government of France, who- 
ever may be at the head of it, ought, at the same 
time, to be conformable to the wish of the nation 
legally expressed, and to co-operate with the other 
governments, to form a mutual connection and gua- 
rantee of peace between France and Europe — It de- 
clares that a monarch cannot offer a real guarantee, 
unless he swear to observe a constitution framed 
by the national representation, and accepted by the 
people. 

Thus, any government which should not have 
any other title than the acclamations of thp minor- 
ity and the will of a party; or which should be im- 
posed by force; any government which should not 
adopt the national colors, and should not guarantee 
the liberty of the citizens, the equality of civil an'cl 
political rights, the liberty of the press, the liberty of 
religious worship, the representative system, the 
free consent to the raising of men and taxes, the 
responsibility of ministers, the irrevocability of all 
sales of national property, the inviolabili v of pro- 
perty, the abolition f tylhes, of feudal rights, of the 
old and new hereditary nobility, and of all confiscations 
of property; the complete oblivion cf the political 
opinions and votes given in the course of the revo- 
lution, the institution of the legion, the distinction^ 
and rewards due to the officers and soldiers, to 
their widows and to their children; the institution 
of the jury, the irremovability of judges, the pay- 
ment of the public debt — would have only an ephe- 
meral existence, and would not secure the tranqui- 
lity of Europe. 

It declares that if the basis specified in this de- 
claration should be either not recognized par viol *- 
ted, the representatives of the people, who this iay 
exercise a sacred power, protest before handj . \ t .e 
face of the whole world, against the violence and 
usurpation, 

They confide the execution of the contents of-tlus 
proclamation, to all good Frenchmen, to all g£ ie- 
rous hearts, to all enlightened minds, to all men 
lous of their liberty, and finally to future genera- 
tions. ' ' 
Adopted by 443 votes against 34 



(J NJLES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1815. 



niAHBET! OF HEUtS .TVLY /. 

At half past 5 o'clock the following- message was 
received: 

Mr. President — Hitherto we believed that the in- 
tentions of the allied sovereigns were not unani- 
mous upon the choice of the prince who is to reign 
pi r ;p, Our plenipotentiaries gave us the same 
assurance upon their return. 

However the ministers and generals of the allied 
pow t rs !,:iv: declared yesterday in the conferences 
they h;.ve h-ui with the pr*sidc1yt of the commis- 
sion, that all the sovereigns had engag-ed to replace 
Louis the ISth upon the. throne, and that he is to 
make this o enutg ov to-morrow his entrance into 
the capital. 

Fort ign troops have just occupied the Thuille- 
rkes, v ; ;> >re the government is sitting. 

In this state of affairs, we can only breathe wish- 
es for the country, and our deliberations being- no 
longer free, we think it our duty to separate. 

Marshal prince of Ealing- and the prefect of the 
Seine, have been charged to watch over the main- 
tenance of public order, safety and tranquility. 
I "nave the honor, &c. 

($ :gned) The duke of OTRANTO. 

Count GREN1ER. 
QUTXETTE, 
CARNOT, 
CAULINCOURT, 
part's July 7, 1815. Duke of Vlcenze. 

After reading tiie message, the members rose 
spontaneously, and retired without any delibera- 
tion. 

CHAMBER OF RtPRtSF.N-rATiy^S— rJt'XY 7. 

A message W£s received from government. — [See 
the peers. j 

After it was read, there was a moment of silence 
and the members seemed to consult together. 

,\X. Manuel — Gentlemen, you foresaw this event, 
but it ought not to occasion any change in your 
conduct. In some moments, perhaps, we shall be 
obliged to separate. Let us shew we are worthy 
of the confidence of our constituents — let us re- 
fiiain firm at our posts, and leave to other hands 
trie odious tank of dispersing the national repre- 
septai ion. These expressions once electrified France 
anil Europe. Let us repeat them a second time — 
"Say we are representatives of the people, and that 
we will not quit this place, but by the force qf the 
bayonet." 

Bravo, bravo! yes, yes! from all parts of the as- 
sembly and the tribunes. 

It was moved that M. Manuej's proposal be put 
to rote, This motion was not supported. 

The mcr.ibcrs disperse; but the president an- 
nounced tiiac the sitting- adjourned until to-mor- 
row at eight o'clock. 

Londou Gazette J^xtraordluary, Friday July 7. 
J) owning Street y July 7. 
_ Captain lord Arthur Hill arrived last night with 
despatches, of which the following are extracts, and 
a copy addressed to Earl Bathurst by the duke of 
'^VoU-ng^r,, dated Gjonasse the 2d and 4th, 1815. 
(iovA.ssK, July 2d, 1815. 
( The enemy attached the advanced guard of mar 



got into Paris. The advanced guard of the allied, 
army under my command crossed the Oise, on the 
28th. and the whole on the 30th, and we yesterday- 
took up a position with the right upon the height of 
Rochebourg, and the left upon the Hois de Bondy. 
Field marshal prince Blucher having taken the vll- 
huge of Aubervilliers, of Vertus, on the morning of 
the 30th of June, moved to his right; and crossed 
the Seine at St. Germain as I advanced, and he will 
this day have his right at Plesis Pique, his left at 
St ClQiid, and the reserve at Versailles. The enemy 
have fortified the heights of Montmartre and t!* 
town of St. Dennis strongly; and by means of the lit-v 
tie rivers Rouillon and La yielle Mer, they have 
inundated the ground on the north side of the town, 
and water having been introduced into the canal de 
l'Oureq, and the bank formed into a parapet and 
batteries, they have a strong position on this side of 
Paris. The heights of Belleville are likewise strong- 
ly fortified, but I am not aware that any defensive 
works have been thrown up on the left of the Seine, 
Having collected in Paris all the troops remaining 
after the battle on the 18th, and all the depots of the 
whole army, it is supposed the enemy have there 
about 40 or 50,000 troops of the line and guards, be- 
sides the national guards, a new levy called Les Ti- 
railleurs de la Garde and the Fcderes. I have great 
pleasure in informing your lordship that Quesnoy- 
surrendered to his royal highness prince Frederick: 
of the Netherlands on the 29th June. I enclose thej 
copy of his royal highness' report upon this subject, 
in which your lordship will observe with satisfaction 
the intelligence and spirit with which this 3 r oung* 
prince conducted this affair. I likewise unci erstand 
that Baffaume has surrendered to the officer sent 
there by the king of France to take possession o|* 
that town. 

(TRANSLATION.) 

*'Petit Wahgnies, June 28, 1815. 

"On the day before yesterday I had the honor c# 
receiving your grace's letter dated Jouncourt, 2ut<ii 
inst. sent by your aid-de-camp, captain Cathcart, 
whom I have requested to inform your excellency 
that marshal count Rothallier had arrived this mornl 
ing to summon the place in the name of Louis XVI1L 
He entered into a negociation with lieutenant gene- 
ral Delpreaux, governor ofQuesnoy. The only re- 
sult however, produced by this, was a very singu- 
lar reply from the governor, from which it appeared 
to me that he might possibly be induced to capitu- 
late, and I determined at once on firing some shells 
and shot into the town, and of advancing our trail- 
leurs to the very glacis to annoy them in every 
quarter, with a view of making some impression on 
the commandant, and of endeavoring by that means, 
to excite to revolt the national guards and inhabi- 
tants, who are said to be well disposed towards us. 

"From the information collected as to thefortifi- 
cations, there appears to me no reasonable chance 
of taking it by escalade, the ditches being filled 
with water, in addition to the inundation which had 
been made. At 11 o'clock at night, I ordered five 
howitzers and b' six pounders to open on the town, 
and 1 continued the fire until 3 q'clock in the morn- 
ing. The town was at one time on fire in three phv 



phal prince Blucher's corps at Villars Cotcrets, on Q esl but the fire was shortly extinguished. Some 



the «,'jih, but the main bedy coming up they were 

off, with the loss of 6" pieces of cannon, and 
about 1000 prisoners, jt appears that these troops 
jwrre on thejrtparch from Soisspne to Paris and hav- 
ing been driven off that road by the Prussian troops 
at Villars Cotegets, tbiey got upon that of Meaux 



men were killed, in the town and several wounded, 
which appears to have produced exactly the effect 
which I wished. Last night, general Anfhhig, whq 
commands the Indian brigade, sent an officer with 
the proposals to the commandant, according to the 
authority which 1 had' given to him and coupled with 
. were attack ed agam upon this road by general ! a threat of bombardment and assault. 
J:l,v/ > vvh0 "' ; ' jj: from -them 500 prisoners, and "Uoon tins a negociation was entered inlo, which 
*T>'- 'irn a^ro^fce WW- V^y U*ve, ho ; ,y ?ver/e*de0, ih the signing, of tne following caoituiatfo^ 



HltEB 1 WEEKLY RE (SISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



this night; that is to say: that he would send an of- 
ficer, with an aid-de-camp of general Anth'mg, to- 
C am bray, to ascertain the fact of the residence of 
the king of France in that town, and the abdication 
of .Bonaparte in favor of his son, and that, thereup- 
on, he would give us this night (at 6 o'clock) pos- 
session of the port des Forcts, to be occupied by a 
company of artillery, and that the next mprning the 
garrison should march out of the town; the national 
guards to lay down their arms and return to their 
homes; the commander and that part of the garrison 
who were not national guards, were to go and re- 
ceive the orders of Louis the XVI II. in whose name 
We shall have possession of the town." 

Gowassk, July 4, 1815. 
Mr lord.— Field marshal prince Blucher was 
strongly opposed by the enemy in taking the posi- 
tion on the left of the Seine, which I reported in my 
despatch of the 2d inst. that he intended to take up- 
on that day, particularly on the -heights of St. Cloud 
and Mendon; but the gallantry of the Prussian ttoops, 
under general Ziethen, surmounted everv obstacle, 
and they succeeded finally in establishing themselves 
on the heights of Mendon, and in the , village of Issy. 
The French attacked them again in Issy at 3 o'clock 
on the morning of the 3d, but were repulsed with 
considerable loss; and finding that Paris was then 
open on its vulnerable side, that a communication 
\«as opened between the two allied armies by a 
bridge which I had established at Argentueil, and 
that a British corps was likewise moving upon the 
left of the Seine towards the Pont de Neuilly, the 
«nemy sent to desire that the firing might cease on 
both sides of the Seine, with a view to the negocia- 
tion at the Palace of St. 'Cloud, of a military conven- 
tion between the armies, under Which the French 
army should evacuate Paris. Officers accordingly 
met on both sides at St. Cloud; and I enclose the co- 
py of the military convehtion which was agreed to 
last night, and which had been ratified by marshal 
prince Blucher and me, and by the prince d'Eck- 
muhl on' the part of the French army. This conven- 
tion decides all the military questions at this mo- 
ment existing here, a.nd touches nothing- political. — 
General lord Hill has marched to take possession of 
the posts evacuated by agreement this day, and I 
x propose to-morrow to take possession of Montmar- 
tre. I send this despatch by my ajd-de-camp, cap- 
tain lord Arthur Hill, by way of Calais. He will be 
able to inform your lordship of any further particu- 
lars, and I beg leave to recommend him to your fa- 
vor and protection. 

(Signed) WELLINGTON. 

This day the 3d of July, 1815, the commissioners 
named by the commanders in chief of the respective 
armies, that is to say, the baron B.gnon, holding the 
portefcuille of foreign affairs; the count Guillemi- 
not, chief of the general staff of the French army; 
the co.unt deBondy, prefect of the department of the 
Seine,' being furnished with the full powers of his 
excellency the marshal prince of Eckmuhl, com- 
mander in chiefof the French army on one side, and 
major general baron MufHing, furnished with the 
full powers of his highness the field marshal Biu 
eher, commander in chief of the Prussian army;— 
colonel Hervey, furnished with the full powers of 
his excellency the duke of Wellington, commander 
in chief of the English army, on the other side, have 
agreed to the following articles: 

Art. I. There shall be a suspension of arms be 
twecn the allied armies commanded by his highness 
the prince Blucher, and his excellency the duke of 



ArtIL The French army shall put itself in march 
to-morrow, to take up its position behind the Loire. 
Paris shall be completely evacuated in three lays; 
and the movement behind the Loire sh.d; be t 
ed within ci-^ht days. 

Art. III. Tae French army shall take with ft all 
its material, field artillery, military che3t, iioricj, 



and property of regiments, without exception \il 
persons belonging to the depots shall also be 
ved, as well as' those belonging to the iifferent 
branches of administration, -vhieh belonge I 
army. 

Art IV.' The sick and woanlel, and the ins Lical 
officers whom it may be neee.;sary to leave vit'i 
them, are placed under the special protection of the 
commanders in chief of the English a»d Prussian 
armies. 

Art. V. The military, and those holding empl >y- 
ments to. whom the foregoing article re] ite , • jail 
be at liberty, immediately after their recovery to 
join the corn? to which they belong. 

Art VI. The wives and children of all individu- 
als, belonging to the French army, 
l:y to remain in Paris. The wives 
to quit Paris for the purpose of r 



shall heat libeit- 

mau be ill) we I 

Dining the army, 

and chat of 



and to carry with them tneir property 
their husbands, 

Art. VII. The oncers of the line, employed with 
the Fs lives, or with tbe tirailleurs of the nat >rul 
guard, may cither join the army or return to tneir 
homes or the place of their birth. 

Art. VIII. To-morrow, tiie'4'th of.Tuly, at mid-da y", 
St. Dennis, St. Ob en, Ciichy, and Neuillv, shall be 
given up. The day after to-morrow, the 5th, at the 
same hour, Montmartre shall be given up. The 31 
day, the 6th, ail the barriers shall be given up. 

Art. IX. The duty of 'she city of Paris shall con*, 
tinue to be done by the national guard, and by tne 
corps of the municipal gens d'armerie. 

Art. X. The commanders in chief of the English 
and Prats sian armies engage to re meet, and to make 
those under their command respect, the actual au- 
thorities so long as they shall exist. 

Art. XI. Public property, with the exception of 
that which relates to war, whether it belongs to the 
o-overnment, or depends upon the municipal autho- ' 
rity, shall be respected, and the allied powers will 
not interfere in any manner with its administration 
and management. 

Art. XII. Private persons and property shall bs 
equally respected. The inhabitants and in general 
all individuals who shall be in the capital, shall con- 
tinue to enjoy their rights and liberties without ba- 
ing disturbed or called to account either as to the 
situation which they hold or may have held; or as 
to their conduct, or political opinions. 

Art. XIII- The foreign troops shall not interpose 
any obstacle for the provisioning of the capital, and 
will protect, on the contrary, the arrival and the 
free circulation of the articles which are destined 

foi * iL J' , i, ■ 

Art. XIV. The present convention shall oe ob- 
served, and shall serve to regulate -the mutual rela- 
tions until the conclusion of peace. In case of rup- 
ture it must be announced in the usual forms a« 
least ten day- beforehand. 

Art' XV- If difficulties arise in t ;c execution of 
any one of the articles o? the present convention, the 
interpretation shall be made hi favorof theFreac.iar- 
my and of the city of Paris. 

"Art. XVI. Tne present convention is declared com- 
mon to all the allied armies, provided it oe ra.itiel 
by the powers, on which these armies are lep en- 



Wellington, and the French array undvv the wal\s of J dent 



VwU 



M% XVII. Tb.e ratification shall be eschan^d 



K1LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 1811 



to-morrow, the 4th cf July, at six o'clock in the 
morning, at the bridge of Neuillv. 

Aj ,. \YJII. Commissioners shall be named by the 
i-esufctive parties, in order to watch over the exe- 
cution pf the present convention. 

Done and signed at St Cloud, in triplicate, by the 
commissioners ahov e named, the day and year before 
mentioned, 

(Signed] The Baron PJGXON, 

Count G t ILLEMINOT, 
Count l)e BONDY, 
The Baron De MUFFLING, 
F. B. HERYEY, Colonel. 
Approved and ratified the present suspension pf 
ajms, at Paris, the 3d of July, 1815. 
Approved, 
(Signed) Marshal the prince D'ECKMUHL. 

From the London Gazette of July 11- 
AVAR DEPARTMENT. ■ 

Doivning-Street, July XX. 
A despatch of -which the following- is a copy, was 
this day received from field marshal the duke of 
Wellington, K. G. addressed to earl Bathurst. 

Paris, July 8th, 1815. 
Mr lohi). — In consequence of the convention with 
the enemy, of which 1 transmitted your lordship a 
pppy, to my despatch of the 4th, the troops under 
my command and that of field marshal prince Biu- 
cher, occupied the barriers ,of Paris on the 6th, and 
entered the city yesterday, which has ever since 
been perfectly quiet. 

The king 1 of France entered Paris this day. 
I have the honor to be, &c. 

WELLINGTON. 

From Me London Gazette of July 8. 
War Department— Downing-Street, July 6._ 
Despatches, of which the following are copies, 
lave been this day received by earl Bathurst, tram 
field marshal Ids grace the duke of Wellington, da- 
ted Louvres, 30th June, and Gonasse, 2d July. 

Louvres June 30. 
, !j0 rt).— I have now the honor of enclosing to 
- our lordship* the returns of killed and wounded of 
the army on the 16th, 17th, and 18th; lists of offi- 
c ers, See. 

Brigadier general Hardinge, who was employed 
hy me witii the Prussian army, is not included in 
inere returns; but he received a severe wound in 
the battle of* the 16th., and has lost his left hand.— 
He had conducted himself during the tim#t he was 
so employed in such a manner as to obtain the ap- 
probation of marshal prince Blucher, and the offi- 
cers at the Prussian headquarters, as well as mine, 
and I greatly regret pis misfortune. 
J have the honor to be, &.c. 

CSigned) WELLINGTON. 

[Captain Newton Chambers, 1st foot guards, aid- 
re-c*mp ho sirT. Pic! on, was omitted in the return 
cf officers filled; and lord F. Sumerset severely 
vounded— right arm amputated.] 
j",rinJi killed, -wounded, end missing, in the, battlea 
ofi-ie 15>J>, 17\h, and 18th of June. 
Ofiirers killed 108; oomcommissio rmk 10% rank 
--.id file 154 'J; cjxers wounded 436; non-coinni'Lsi- 
83? rank and file 5123; ^Ificers missing J 2; 
■ ; ri-c';-riniisfcioned 17; rank and file 778— Grand to- 
tal 845a 

PHricr.A^iATiOTf or the ffUKK or WELIIlfGTOtf. 

On entering the French territory, the duke of 
Wellington issued the following proclamation: 

'J announce to the French, that I enter their terri- 
iz-j at the hciA of an army already victorious, no^ ss 



an enemy (except, of thcusurper of the enemy of the* 
human race, with whom there can neither be peace nar 
truce) but to aid them to shake off the iron yoke by 
which they are oppressed. I therefore give to fny 
army the subjoined orders, and I desire that every 
one who violates them may be made known to me.— 
The French know, however, that I have a right to 
require that they conduct themselves in such a 
manner that I may be able to protect them against 
those who would seek to do them evil. They must, 
therefore, furnish the requisitions that will be made 
on them, by a person authorized to make them, tak- 
ing receipts in due form and order. They must re- 
main quietly at their homes, and have no communi- 
cation with the usurper or his adherents. All those 
who shall absent tlvernselves from their homes, after 
the entrance of the army into France, and all those 
who shall be absent in the service of the usurper, 
shall be considered as enemies, and his adherents, 
and their property shall be appropriated to the sub- 
sistence of the army. "WELLINGTON. 

"Given at head quarters at Malplaquet, this 21st 
day of June, 1815."* 

Extract of the order of the day, June 20. 
"As the army is going to enter the French terri- 
tory, the troops of different nations now under the 
command of field marshal duke o^" Wellington, are 
desired to remember that their respective sovereigns 
are the allies of his majesty the king of France, and 
that France therefore be considered as a friendly 
country. It is ordered, that nothing be taken either, 
by the officers or soldiers without payment. The 
commissaries of the army will provide for the wants 
of the troops in the usual manner; and it is not per- 
mitted tq the officers or soldiers of the army to make, 
requisitions. The commissaries will be authorized 
by the field marshal, or by the generals, who com- 
mand the troops of the respective nations (that is to 
say, in case their provisions are not regulated by an 
English commissary) to make the necessary requi- 
sitions for which they will give regular receipts; and 
they must perfectly understand that they will be 
responsible for all they receive by requisitions from 
the inhabitants of France, in the same manner as if 
they made purchases for the account of their go- 
vernment, (Signed) " J. WATERS, 

"Acting Adj. General" 

THE LATEST. 

Paris dates to the 28th July, received tX New^ 
York. 

Napoleon Bonaparte, finding no chance of escape, 
gave himself up to the captain of a British 74, on 
15th July. The London papers are full of spe- 
culations of what shall be done with him. Some, 
are for sending him to Dumbarton Castle, in Scot- 
land, a very strong place ; others for shutting him 
up in the tower of London — and some for imprison- 
ing him at Sheerness or in Newgate. The Paris pa- 
pers suggest the idea of sending him to the island 
of St. Helena ; or hint that his death might be use-, 
ful. What his fate will be it is impossible to conjec- 
ture. If the accounts of his conduct before he de- 
livered himself up be true, lie exhibited a greater de- 
gree of indecison and want of fortitude than we sup- 
posed him capable of. The details at length are 
below. 

The Prussians are treating France with great sct 
verity. ' ,Thcy levied a contribution of fifty millions, 
on the city of Paris, and demanded the payment of 
thirty millions of it in three days ! Their troops 
have become so exceedingly licentious, that the 
emperor Alexander and lord Wellington had declar- 
ed thivt unless they desisted from th< it depredations 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FORRlGNf ARTICLES. 



9 



they would withdraw their armies from France, and 
leave them to the vengeance of the enraged popu- 
lace. Whether this declaration had the desired ef- 
fect, was not known at our latest dates. 

The emperors of Russia and Austria and kings of 
Prussia and France, are daily entertaining each 
other in great style at Paris. 

France appears generally to have hoisted the 
white flag. Several of the generals have sent in 
their adhesion to Louis. Lyons capitulated on the 
3 2th, of July, and the allied troops entered on the 
18th. Valenciennes held out, and was suffering a 
terrible bombardment ; several of the streets were 
said to be in ruins. Cardinal Fesch was taken from 
Paris by a body of Austrian cavalry — destination 
not mentioned. The fortress of Befbrt, in Alsace, 
has been carried by the Austrian troops, after five 
assaults, which cost much blood on both sides. It 
is said that the allied sovereigns will not quit Paris 
imtil after having witnessed the coronation of the 
fcing at Rheims. 

Soult has been arrested by the national guards at 
Mendes. Davoust seems to have left the army 
freyond the Loire, and returned to Paris. It is 
stated that Macdo?m!d was to have the command 
pf it. Desertions are very numerous from it. The 
duchess of Angouleme arrived in Paris on the 27th 
of July, and was received with great shouts by the 
people ! On the 12th of July a moh attempted to 
liaul down the tri-colorpd flag at Bordeaux ,■ the sol- 
diers fired upon them and dispersed them. But 
Clausel has sent in his adhesion, and the white-flag 
has been hoisted, with magnificent rejoicings. 

Stocks— London, Jidy 22 — Consols 57 1-4 — Omni- 
um 9 5-8. 

The letter of Davoust, prince of Eckmuhl, late 
minister of war, as is well observed by the Gazette 
de France., contains some mysterious expressions. 
What will be the fate of France is yet, in our opi- 
nion, somewhat uncertain. The power of the fo- 
reigners who invaded it may, for a time, press down 
the spirit of the people, but it is impossible they 
should forget that their king was imposed upon 
them by foreigners. And there is a high republican 
spirit in France. They have got so used to revolu- 
tions that Louis will sit uneasily on his throne, un- 
less supported by hordes of foreign mercenaries 
near his person. 

The Prussians have destroved the bridge of Aus- 
ierlitz, the trees of the garden of Luxenberg, and 
the garden of plants, at Paris. 

The army of observation at Mount Jura, the ar- 
my of the Loire, and in short the troops of every 
description through France, have conformed to the 
new order of things, but after more fighting than 
\yas supposed. Jn a. proclamation from general Le- 
courbe to his army at Befort, the 23d July, he says 
4c ten combats fought or sustained from the gates of 
Iluningue till the walls of Befort, have proved to 
the enemy that this portion of the army of Jura 
have preserved the bravery and honor of French- 
men." He then recommends obedience to the new 
government. 

Strasburg refused to open its gates to the fprpigar 
ers, but immediately sent in its submission to Louis. 

Of the French legislative body. — A London paper of 
July 11, says— "The expiring factions in the French 
legislative body, after debating and wrangling to the 
last moment, have all dispersed and the leaders fled, 
tome across the Loire with the army; and others to 
different ports to embark, A Paris paper qf the 8th 
says, at six o'clock, yesterday, general Dessolles, 
commander of the national guard sent a body of 
men and closed tbc chambers pf the peers and re- 
presentatives. "*■ \ ■ ■- ■ '' 



The grand staff of the allied armies in and near 
Paris, with Wellington at the head, about 300 iq 
number, paid a visit to the king of Prance in his pa- 
lace on the 16th July, and were all presented tq 
him. He made a personal acknowledgment to the 
duke for his humanity and the good conduct of his 
army towards the French people. 

The prince of Orange, by proclamation has de- 
clared the annexation of Belgium to llolbjid, 
agreeably to the treaty made at London by the al- 
lied powers in the month of June 1814. He now 
takes the .title of king of Netherlands, prince of 
Orange, Nassau, grand duke of Luxemburg, &c 

A letter from Bordeaux, of the 28th of Jul}', con- 
tains the following: 

"The allied powers must and will be paid foi the 
trouble and expense incurred. 20,000 men, it is. 
said, will remain in France for some time, r.n |] a 
new army can be re-organized on different princi- 
ples." 

A new declaration of the allied powers is expect- 
ed to appear immediately. 

The accounts from England, affirm, that perma- 
ment garrisons of foreign troops are to be kept in 
the principal fortress of France: 12,000 troops have 
proceeded to reinforce, the English army in the vi- 
cinity of Paris — a clear proof that Louis, 18, is the 
desired of tlie French people! 

The duke of Otranto, who proved treacherous to 
Bonaparte, is said to have accepted an oflice tem- 
porarily under Louis, on condition that the king 
should observe the moderate course he has promis- 
ed, and of which he (Fouche) set an example in his 
own conduct. 

The French official papers, in 5 sheets, contain 
tain the acts of the congress of Vienna for dividing 
Europe. A summaiy of them may be received and 
shall be inserted. 

Wellington has been created prince ofJVaterloo, by 
the king of the Netherlands, who has also confer- 
red upon him the estate of La Belle Alliance. 

In an eloquent letter from Fouche to Louis XVIIF. 
he conjures him "to believe that the French people 
attach, at present, as much importance to their li- 
berty as to their lives," &c. and urges him to make 
concessions before they be extorted from him by 
calamitous events. 

The Austrian army, under the prince of Schwart- 
zenhurg, had arrived at Fontainblcau, after much 
hard fighting with the French garrisons. 

The royal chamber of deputies was dissolved the 
14th July, and a new election was to take place on 
the 14th and 22d August. A new house of peers is 
to be formed. 

The island, of Elba has been given back in sove- 
reignity to the grand duke of Tuscan)^. 

His Sicilian majesty (king- Ferdinand IV.) enter- 
ed Naples, his capital, on the 17th June, after an 
absence of nine years. 

A Paris paper, of the 17th July, lias the follow- 
ing curious artiple. It is proper to remark, on ac- 
count of the allusion to the violet, that that color 
was. the secret badge of the adherents of JSupoleon 
Bonaparte, during" is absence at Elba,- the leaders of 
which had formed themselves into a secret associa^ 
tion, having certain words by which to know each 
other. Sec. 

"Yesterday we remarked in the public prorne 
nades, a number of persons, always walking, three 
or four together, and wearing in the button-noies of 
their coat a red pink. Many citizens, perhaps too 
readily alarmed, have conceived this pink to be the 
successor of the violet, and a rallying sign. Somft 
quarrels took place ; the most seiious, of which v. c 
were eyc-witn esse*:, occured on the boulevard of 



10 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 1815* 



the Temple. Several of the kind's guards, right or 
wrong, took offence at some words uttered among 
a p'oupo of individuals, all of whom wore the red 
pink. Acts succeeded to words, and the crowd and 
the tumult equally augmented. Some seditious cries 
were heard, but the disappearance of the principal 
actors in the affray terminated a scandalous scene, 
which doubtless will not be renewed. It is to behop- 
cd that the public will be able to prevent the re- 
currence qf such events, and to defeat the projects 
of those who might be inclined to disturb the pub- 
lic tranquility. 

Two men presented themselves, yesterday, to the 
fceeper of the Thuilieries. One of them wore the 
decoration assumed by the national guard of Bor- 
deaux, They requested that the dress of the body 
«U?ds should be given them, in order, as they said, 
that they might approach his majesty, and present 
a petition to him. This story appeared suspicious, 
and the commissary of the poiice was informed of 
the affair. He interrogated them ; but they had no 
paper about them, not even the petition of which 
they had spoken. They were immediately arrested 
and conveyed to the office of the prefect of police. 

We have stated, on the authority o.f several jour- 
nals, that a war contribution of one hundred mil- 
lions had peen required from Paris by the Prussians, 
*.nd the king- had obtained its reduction to eight 
millions." 

It was undeijatood at London, about the 12th of 
July, that the French army Ijeyond the Loire , 
Amounted to about 70,000 men. 

Lord Castlereagh arrived at Paris pn the jSth of 
July. 

The Prussian troops arc accused qf having plun, 
tiered and destroyed the palaces of St. Cloud and] 
Malmaison. 

Louis was received at Paris with the cry of vlve 
U rot. . I 

Prosciuptiox. — A decree iss,ued by Louis 18, On 
ihe 26th July, singles out for example the following 
general officers, accused of treason against the king 
before the 23d of March, &c. 

Key, Labedoyere, the two brothers Lallemant ? 
Drouet d'Erlon, Lekbvre, Desnouettes, Amcilh, 
firayer, Gilly, Monton Duvemet, Grouchy, Ciausel, 
Laborde, Debt-Lie, Bertrand, Drouot Cambrone, 
.Lavalette, Hovigo. 

"2. The individuals whose names follow, viz. 

Soult, Aiix, Excelmans, Baswmo, Marbot, Felix, 
Lepellctier, Boulay de la Meurthe, Mehee, Fressi- 
net, Thibaudeau, Carnot, Vandamme, Lamarquc, 
(genera!), Lobau, Harel, Pirc, Barrere, Arnault, 
jpommereuil, Regnault de. St. Jean d'Angely, Ar- 
righi (de Padoue), Dejean son, ( larrau, Ileal, Bou- 
vior, Dumolard, Merlin de Donai, Durbach, Dirat, 
Defermont, Bory, Soint Vincent Felix Besportes, 
fSamier de Saintes, Meliiuet, Hullin, Clays, Cour- 
"tin, Forbin Janson eldest sqn, Le Lorgne Dideville. 
*HaO depart within three days from the city of Pa- 
lis, and retire into the interior of France, to such 
places as our minister of the general police shall 
point out for them, where they shall remain under 
lance, until the chambers shall decide on their 
bethcr they ought to leave the kingdom, or 
lie delivered up for the prosecution of the tribu- 

■ ..: » 

By ^ second decree, the following treers are 
struck from the peerage. 

The marshal:; dukes of Dantzick, Elchingen, Al- 
hufra, Coiifgiiaoo, Treviso, The dukes of Itaslin, 
Plai.s.mce, Cadore, counts Clement-de-Ris, Colchen, 
det, d'Abouvillc, de Croix, iJedelay d'Agicr, 
IK 'y.AK, Pabre de l'And<-, (.,t.s..';ndi, Liccpcde, de 
'--: > : MaMbou:\g, de Barrul^ archbishop of Toar/i, 



Borssy d'Anglas, Cmclaux, Casabianca, Montes- 
quieu, Pontecoulant, Rampon, Segur, Valenco- 
Belihrd. 

Great division of opinion prevails at Paris— -M. 
Davnonville reproaches with baseness and sycophan- 
cy those who flatter the court; ii is a disgrace, he. 
says, to rejoice when "the blood of 2i.y)06 :i French- 
men was still reeking." This reproach is angrily 
retorted. The "Independent" accuses the Journal 
de Paris of denouncing good citizens— yes, replies 
its editor; as Cicero denounced Cataiiue and Ver- 
res. These brief selections give a glimpse of the. 
temper of Paris and the state of the' country. — CoL 

The following is the answer which the deputies, 
of the provisional government received from the 
allied cabinet ; 

"Hag-uenau, July 1. 

"The three powers regard as an essential condi 
tion of peace and of durable tranquility, that Na- 
poleon Bonaparte shall be put out of a state to trou- 
ble, by any chance^ the repose of France and Eu- 
rope; and after the events which occurred in the 
month of March last, the allied powers expect tha* 
his person wiU be delivered up into their keeping". 

WAiaiODE?r, 
Capo D'Istria. 
Kjjjeskkck." 
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, 

Lonjlon, July 22,d. — The news of Bonaparte's sur- 
render to the British fleet gave rise to a number, of 
extraordinary reports here yesterday,-— Every de- 
scription of business appeared to have been forgot- 
ten. His surrender was in the mouth of every one, 
affording; food for the most ludicrous conversation. 
Some doubted the fact; but at 4 o'clock all doubts 
Were put at rest, by the receipt of an official letter 
by lord Castlereagh from the duke of Qtranto, con- 
taining- an official despatch of the 17th of July, of , 
which the following is is an extract; 

After having closed my despatches to you of this 
morning", I received the enclosed commmunication; 

"I have the honor to make known to your excel- 
lency that Napoleon Bonaparte, finding it impossi- 
ble to escape the British cmizers and troops who 
were stationed to guard the coast, came to the re- 
solution of going on board the British ship of the 
line Bellerophon, captain Maitland. I have the 
honor to be, etc. (Signed) 

Le Due d'OTRANTO.''' 
Bonaparte's latter tp the Prince Regent. 

"In consequence of the factions which have divid- 
ed my country, and the hatred of the greatest pow- 
ers of Europe, I have terminated my political ca- 
reer; and I come, like Themistoeles, to place my- 
self under the protection of the British nation. I 
place myself: under her protection and her laws, 
and which I demand of your royal highness, as the 
most powerful, the most constant, and the most 
generous of my enemies." 
Despatches from M. Bonnefoux, naval commandant 

of the mriratime prefect, to the minister of the 

marine, date 1 

Rochefort, July 15, 10 in the evening;— la execu- 
tion of your excellency's orders, I embarked in my 
boat, accompanied by baron Ricard, prefect of the 
lower Charante, The reports from the Roads of 
the 14th, had not reached me, but 1 was informed 
by captain Phillebert, commanding the Amphitrite 
frigate, that Bonaparte lias embarked on board the 
Epervier brig as a flag of truce, determined to pro- 
ceed to the English cruising station. Accordingly 
at day break, we saw him manoeuvring to make the 
English ship Bellerophon, captain Maitlaind, who 
on perceiving that Bonaparte was steering towards 
him, had hooted the tffoite flag at his m\z en, U% 



JULES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



li 



napartc, and the persons composing' his suite, were 
received on board the English ship. The officer 
whom I had left to make observations, communi- 
cated tQ me this important news, and general Beck- 
er who arrived soon after couiinncd it. 

(bignexl) BONNEFOUX. 

From a Paris paper, of July 25. — Extract of a let- 
ter, dated Rochfort, July 19. — "I can at length give 
you authentic particulars respecting the departure 
of the man who has done us so much evil. His last 
moments upon the French soil did not answer the 
expectations of his partisans. Vy'hy could they not 
all have, been witnesses of them like us ? They 



would soon have iorgo 



tten him. 



During his^tay in the road, Bonaparte exhibited on- 
ly weakness and hesitation in the measures that he 
JougUt to take to escape from his enemies. To his 
embarrassment and his anxieties was joined an insur- 
pnountyble drowsiness that took possession of his 
senses. Both at the Isle of Aix, where he remain- 
ed two day?, and on board of the Saal, sleep would 
overpower him, even in the, midst of conversation. 
The more pressing the danger became, the more 
ids indecision augmented. He distrusted the advice 
that was given to him to save him. The project of 
departing with the frigates had been abandoned, 
pince the English commander had refused to let 
him pass. He resolved to defend himself at the 
isle of Aix; he caused the 14th crew to be exercis- 
ed for a short time, and the batteries to be prepar- 
ed in case of attack; but by the confession even of 
bis warmest partizans, eye-witnesses, his energy had 
totally abandoned him; he had no more ideas. 

To the acclamations of our seamen, he answered 
that it was too late; that he had been left in igno- 
rance of the devotion of his marine— rthat those corps 
pught to have been clothed, and that he saw plainly 
that Decres had deceived him like the rest. At 
last, in the midst of all his uncertainties, he takes 
a fancy to freight a Danish vesqei, and to escape, if 
he can, the English cruisers: upon, reflection, he re- 
linquishes that expedient; another is then employ- 
ed—two French vessels are purchased for the sum 
" of 1400 francs; they are armed in haste. Eight of- 
ficers of the 14th, dressed as seamen, composed his 
Crew; they were commanded by M, Gent, captain 
in that corps. The roil d 5 equipage, made out at 
Ihe naval office, was sent on board. It was then 
Relieved t.hat the measure was determined upon. — 
Every thing was ready for setting off. But M. Ber- 
trand and his, wife were in tears; they were af- 
frighted at so perilous a voyage, undertaken in a 
'frail bark of 12 tons. 

Bonaparte assembles on board the council, and 
enquires what are the dangers to which he is to be 
exposed. The commandant Philehert declares to 
iiim that he cannot be answerable for the success of 
the voyage; all the officers are of the same opinion. 
It is then that he takes the resolution of delivering 
up himself to his enemies — thus terminating his 
folqody career by an act of cowardice, On the 15th, 
at 4 o'clock in the morning, dressed in the habit of 
a dragoon, accompanied by his suite, he leaves the 
frigate. He had personally superintended the em- 
barkation of his people and of his effects. The 
wind and tide were contrary; he did not arrive un- 
til eight o'clock on board of the English comman- 
uer, who was at anchor in the Road des Basques. — 
He was very well received. Assuming a firm coun- 
tenance, he said "the fate of arms leads me to my 
jnost cruel enemy, butt rely upon his honor." Af- 
terwards he questioned the officers respecting ,the 
force, of the ship, and about all her armament, and 
tya.ik.ed aboii J all the bat^er^« *p if it had been a 1 



review. At this moment our people left him to r«<. 
turn to the isle of Aix. 

I can assure you of the accuracy of these details. 
They are not hearsay — I was present. 
Extract from the official correspondence of the mavi* 
lime prefect of Jiuclwf.rt. 

RoCHMORT, JULT 17. 

My lord — I have, the honor to inform your excel- 
lency, that his Britannic majesty's ship Bellero- 
phon, on board of which Napoleon Bonaparte em-, 
barked on the 15th of this month, set sail for Eng- 
land yesterday the lGth, at one o'clock in the af- 
ternoon. 

That vessel carries, besides that personage, all 
his followers, a list of whom is annexed; they were 
at first divided between the frigates La Saal and 
La Meduse; they afterwards passed in the evening 
of the 14th to the brig L'Epervier, and schooner !<♦ 
Sophie, from whence they went on board vessels 
belonging to the English division, commanded by 
admiral sir Henry Hotham, 



List of the principal personages embarked in the 
Bellerophon with Napoleon Bonaparte: 

lieutenant-general count Bertrand, grand mar- 
shal of the palace. 

The countess Bertrand and three children. 
Lieutenant-general the duke de Rovigo. 
Lieutenant-general Talleman. 
Major-general the baron Gourgaud, aid-de-camp, 
of Napoleon. 

Major-general Montholon-Sernonville, do. 
The countess Montholon-Sernonville. 
The count de la»s Casas, counsellor of state, ant| 
his son. 

M. de Resigny, chef d'escadron, officier d'ordon* 
nance. 

M. Plana*, chef d'escadron, officier d'ordonnance l 
M. Autrie, lieutenant, officier d'ordonnance. 
M. Schultiz, chef d'escadron. 
M. Pointkorski, captain. 
M. Mercher, captain. 
M. Maingault, surgeon to Napoleon, 
[Here fol\ows the names of forty persons, com 
posing the suite of Napoleon, and of the other pas- 
sengers embarked with 1dm.] 

(Signed) The baron BONNEFOUX- 

To his excellency the minister secretary 
of state for the department of ma- 
rine and colonies. 
Report made to his excellency the minister of marin\ 
and colonies, by M. de Jligmy, captain of a frigate, 
sent upon a mission to Rochefort: 
My lord — I have the honor to render to your ea •. 
cellency an account of the information that I have 
collected, relative to the mission with which I have 
just been charged at Rochefort. 

Upon my arrival at this port, on the morning of 
the 18th, I learned that Napoleon Bonaparte, had 
departed for England, in his Britannic majesty';* 
ship Bellerophon^ captain Maitland, on the 16th of 
July, at half past one in the afternoon. 

My instructions, prescribing me to have on this 
subject official communications with admiral Hoth- 
am, commanding the English squadron, I hastened 
to write to him, addressing- to him at t]ie same 
time despatches from Mr. Croker, secretary of the 
admiralty of England, of which I was the bearer.— r 
Those letters were delivered to the admiral by lieu- 
tenant Freuriau, whom his excellency was pleased 
to associate with me. 

It appears from the different communication s 

that 1 have had with the English admiral and M. the 

maritime prefect, that Napoleon having arrived at 

Rochefort on the 3d July, took up his residence at 

he maritime prefecture, "until the 8th. Pressed b~- 



|0 ^LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 1815. 



general Becker, who had been charged to escort 
nnd see him on board, and by .M. the baron Bonne- 
foux, maritime prefect, to avail himself of every 
opportunity afforded by the wind and tide, he deter- 
mined at Length to embark in the boats that were 
Waiting for him at every tide, and repaired at ten 
o'clock, in the evening- on board the Saal, and caus- 
ed his suite to be divided between that frig-ate 
and the Meduse. 

The next morning-, the 9th, he landed upon the 
Isle of Aix, and visited its fortifications. 

On the 10th, the wind Was favorable for putting 
to sea — but the English cruisers and the bright 
moon left the frigate but little hope of escaping. 

Between the 10th and the 11th, Napoleon sent in 
a flag of truce on board the English ship Bellero- 
phon, the generals Savary and Las Casas. The flag 
of truce returned on the 11th. 

Between the 11th and 12th, Napalcon learned 
from his brother Joseph the dissolution of the 
chambers, and the entry of the King, into Paris. 
Until then, 'Bonaparte had often expressed the opi- 
nion that the chambers would recall him,^lther be- 
cause he wished the authorities that surrounded 
him to believe so, or because he really entertained 
Mich an expectation. 

On the 12th he landed upon the island of Aix 
with his suite and their baggage, and in the night 
between the 12th and 13th, two half decked boats 
arrived there from Rochelle. It appeared that Na- 
poleon had caused them to be purchased with the 
intention of embarking in them, and of endeavour- 
ing to gain, by favor of the night, a Danish smack, 
with which it* is supposed he had agreed, and who 
was to wait for him at 30 or 40 leagues distance 
ia the offing. It is not known why lie did not a- 
vail himself of these arrangements, but doubtless 
thev appeared to him to be too hazardous. 

In the night between the 13th and 14th, he went 
aboard the French brig 1'Epervier; and on the 
evening of the 14th, general Becker, who had 
been with a flag on board of the English, squad- 
ron, having returned, Napoleon caused his suite 
and their' baggage to be embarked 1 ia the Eper- 
vier. 

On the 15th, in the morning, that vessel Was per- 
ceived making sail as a flag of truce towards the 
admiral's ship; the sea not permitting her to 
approach quickly, the English boats met her and 
transported the "passengers on board the Bellero- 
phon, Under these circumstances, licut. .Toiirdan, 
commander of the Epcrvier, conceived it his duty 
request, and accordingly obtained from the 
commander of the Bellerophon, a written attesta- 
tion of his having- taken Bonaparte on board of that 
vessel. , 

On the same day a frigate belonging to the squad- 
ron set sail for England- 

On the 16th, the Bellerophon set sad at half past 
one in the afternoon. The lightness and the direc- 
tion of the wind that has prevailed since, does not 
admit of the supposition that she. could have arriv- 
ed on the English coast, before the 19th or 20th. 
On the 17i'h, the maritime prefect of Roehcfort ! 
»ed to the troops and seamen under Jus or- 
o-ociKmation, which, in announcing the return | 
of his majesty to Paris, amidst the acclamations o,fj 
all the inhabitants, directed them at the same time | 
nine the white cockade. | 

The white flag was hoisted upon the fort:;, and 
oil board of the vessels in the road, on the 17th at! 
toon, and sainted by the artillery. 

wnce the 15th, M. the Baron Bonncfoux had | 

ted bis intention to cause those colors to, 

■ troops under Jus command, but 



the commandant of the place not having yet received 
the orders addressed to the general, M. the Baron 
de Bonnefoux was of opinion, that he ought to wait fc 
in order to act in concert with that superior officer, 
who soon received from major general Bertram!/ 
commanding the department of the Lower Charente, 
orders to follow the movements of the marine. 

I ought not to omit informing your Excellency, 
that the wise measures taken by M. the Maritime 
Prefect and major general Bertrand would have 
prevented the intentions of ill-designing persons, 
had there been any such. 

Rochefort and Rochelle are animated by the best 
spirit; and those parts, which were the last under 
the influence of Bonaparte, have not on that account 
failed to be the first to manifest their devotion to 
the king's person, and their joy, on learning the 
return of our august monarch to his capital. 

Your excellency will find annexed the copy of a 
letter addressed by Napoleon to the prince regent 
of England, and which must have reached his royal 
highness through the medium of the English squad- 
ron. 

1 prav your excellency to accept the homage of 
my profound respect, H. DE KIGNY. ' 

AATECDOTES OF BONAPARTE. 

An Exeter (Eng.) paper says — "Bonaparte, we 
are told, walks the deck freely and sometimes 
talks to the sailors. The officers treat him with. 
great politeness. 

London July 20. — The Cabinet have not yet, we 
believe, finally resolved on the spot to whicli Bo- 
naparte shall be sent. St. Helena is still spoken 
of, but with less confidence that when his uncon- 
ditional surrender to us was first known. — Mean- 
while he remains on board the Bellerophon. Up- 
on the arrival of the vessel at Torbay, captain 
Maitland made the signal for general orders, the 
telegraphic answer to which was, to prohibit all 
communication with the shore, and to stand out 
three leagues to sea, and await the orders of the 
Admiralty. 

A gentleman who arrived in town yesterday e- 
vening, and who left the Bellerophon, states, "that 
Bonaparte was almost constantly upon deck, with 
his glass, reconnoitering, frequently walking back- 
wards and forwards in a hurried step, and inces- 
santly talking to himself. 

The Bellerophon, as we said yesterday, has been 
ordered to Plymouth, where strict orders have 
been issued to prevent all intercourse between the 
shore and the ship. The curiosity of all ranks, as 
may well be conceived, is excessive. Persons 
from. London and from other parts are flocking 
down to Plymouth, though they know that Bona* 
parte is not expected, to land, and that they cannot 
go on board the Bellerophon. — But they can row- 
in boats around the vessel, and can occasionally 
catch a glimpse of him- 

He is the greater part of the day in the stern gal t 
lery, either walking backwards and forwards with 
his hands behind him, as he is represented in some 
of the pictures in the print shops, or surveying the 
shipping and shore through a glass. In general, he 
keeps alone, Bertrand and Lallemand remaining at 
some distance behind him. Occasionally he beck- 
ons to some of them to point out something to him, 
or to make some observation. He then walks on 
alone. Captain Maitland is more frequently with- 
him than any of his suite, and he pays him great at- 
tention. He is in good health. As usurd, he passes 
but a short time at his meals, and drinks but little "^ 
wine. He is said to drink regularly to the health 
of the prince regent. Coffee is frequently served 



WLE9- weekly register-foreign articles. 



13 



^ip to him cm the deck, and when he first came near 
Hie land about Torbav, he is reported to have ex- 
claimed, ti7 EnJm t voiia ce beau pays'" (At length, 
here is this fine country!) adding that he had never 
seen it except from Calais to Boulogne, whence the 
only points that could be seen were the white and 
bold rocks about Dover. He is plainly dressed, in 
general in a green coat, without any decorations, 
and a cocked hat. 

Another paper says— "On board the Bellerophon 
he (Bonaparte) seemed- to think himself emperor, 
taking possession of captain Maitland's cabin, and 
shortly afterwards invitied him to dinner. When 
he first went on board the Superb lias morning, 
Bertrand first ascended the side, and was introduc- 
ed to the admiral ; Napoleon followed— "The em- 
peror," said captain M. — Napoleon bowed to the 
admiral, without further ceremony walked into the 
cabin, and sent his compliments that he would be 
glad to speak with him ! ! 

"Nothing escapes his notice ; his eyes are in eve- 
ry place, and On every object, from the greatest to 
the most minute. He immediately asked an expla- 
nation of the ropes, blocks, masts and yards, and 
all the machinery of the ship. He sent for the boat- 
swain to question him ; that officer always fitting 
out the French ships. He requested the marines 
to pass in review before him, examined the arms 
'evolutions, dress, &c. and expressed himself high- 
ly pleased. He enquired into the situation of the 
seamen, their pay, prize-money, food, tobacco, &c. 
and when told of their being supplied by a purser 
Or commissary, asked if he was nOt a rogue. 

f'Jn conversing with the admiral, he said, "I have 
gfiven mysc f up co the English; but I would not 
have done so to any other of the allied, powers ; in 
surrendering* to any of them I should be subject to 
the caprice and will of an individual ; in submitting 
to the English I place myself at the mercy of a na- 
tion." 

The following particulars are equally curious and 
'interesting. We derive them from liead-quar- 
ters :— 

"On board the Bellerophon — By some passengers 
-who came in the Bellerophon it appears, that Bona- 
parte was quite at his ease on board that ship; took 
possession of the captain's cabin, sans ceremonie, in- 
vited the officers of the ship to his table, talked 
with great freedom on the present state of things, 
said it was impossible for the Bourbons to govern 
France, and that Napoleon II. would be very soon 
recalled to the throne, that Fouche was an ass, and 
totally unfit for the office assigned to him. He ac- 
knowledged that England alone had ruined all his 
grand plans, and that but for her he had been now 
emperor of the east as well as the west. He walk- 
ed on the poop and quarter-deck, conversed with 
the seamen, and affected great gaity and unconcern. 
In short, such is the talent of this "child and cham- 
pion of jacobinism," that before they arrived in 
Torbay he was considered by ail on board a devilish 
good fellow. 

Of his family. Joseph Bonaparte is to be sent to 
Russia, Jerome to Prussia, Lucien to England, Louis 
to Austria, madame Lsetetia and cardinal Fesch to 
Rome, M. Hortense to Switzerland— and it is said 
that Murat embarked at Toulon for England, about 
the 18th of July. 

What xvill be done icith Bonaparte? is asked by eve- 
ry one' — but no one is able to frame an answer sa- 
tisfactory even to himself. The British cabinet 
seem also bothered about it — thjcmeh thev "stick at 
nothing." 



rived :it Torbay, and this morning about 5 o'clock 
licut: Fletcher, flag lieutenant of sir H. Hotham, 
arrived in town with despatches, giving an account 
of her arrival at that anchorage with Bonaparte and 
his suite, consisting of 45 persons, viz. marshal 
Comptc de Montholon, marshal Bertrand, the ge- 
neral* Savary and L'Allemand, the compte de Las- 
passes, three lieut. cols, four captains, &.c. the 
countesses, Montholon and Bertrand, and their 
four children. 

We understand that the Bellerophon has been or- 
dered round to Plymouth, and that the most posi- 
tive instruction has been given to prevent all inters 
course with the ship, that none of the party will be 
allowed to come on shore, and that no persons 
hatever will be permitted to visit the ship. St. 
Helena is still mentioned as the place of his future 
destination. 



FROM THE LONUOX OAZBTTE. 

Adiiiiralty-office, July 25. 
Extract of a letter from captain J\fuitla,nd, of H. j\[. 
ship Bellerophon, to John Wilson Croker, esq. da- 
ted in Basque Roads, thr 14th inst. 
For the information of my lords commissioners 
of tiie admiralty, I have to acquaint you that the 
count Las Casses and general Allemand, this day 
came on board his majesty's ship under my com- 
mand, with a proposal for me to receive on board. 
Napoleon Bonaparte, for the purpose of throwing 
himself on the generosity of his royal highness the 
prince regent. 

Conceiving myself authorised by their lordships 
secret order, I have acceded to the proposal, and. 
he is to embark on board this ship to-morrow morn- 
ing. 

That no misunderstanding may arise, I have ex- 
plicitly and clearly explained to the count Lass Cas- 
hes, that I have no authority whatever for granting" 
terms of any sort; but that all I can do is to convey 
him and his suite to England, to be received in 
such manner as his royal highness may deem ex- 
pedient. 

Naxtes, July 23. 

The journal of this city contains the following 
letter :— 
The marshal prince of Echmuhl, commander in chief of 

the armies on the left bank of the Loire, to lieutenant 

general JWaux. Lamarque, commander in chief of the 

army at the Loire. 

"Orleans, July 11, 1815. — The army, on quitting 
Paris and retiring behind the Loire, according to the 
terms of the convention of the 3d of July, left near 
the provisional government commissioners appoint- 
ed to require instructions, in case a new govern- 
ment should be established. 

"These commissioners, in rendering an account 
to the army of the late events of the capital and 
the entrance of the king-, have informed me of the 
overtures which has been made to them to induce 
the army to recognise that its union with the sys- 
tem of the government could alone prevent the dis- 
solution o^f the state. 

"The commissioners, ;n their communications 
give the assurance, that under a constitutional go- 
vernment no re-action is to be feared ; that the pas- 
sion will be neutralized ; that the ministry will be 
one and responsible ; that men and principles will 
be respected ; that arbitrary dismissals shall not 
take place ; that the army shall be treated conforma- 
bly to its honor : these are the terms transmitted by 
the commissioners. 

"As a pledge and proof of what they advance, 
they state, as a certainty, that marshal St. Cyr is 



London, July 29. — Yesterday evening it was an- [ appointed minister of war ; that the duke of Otrante 
nounced by telegraph that the Bellerophon was av- is minister of police, and that he only accepts tftfll 



14 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 181*. 

«= - 

office with the afeaWftCC that the government will The British government has officially announced 
. d in a spirit of moderation and wisdom, of the cessation of hostilities "on the coast of France *' 
« i.ich lie himself baa always given the example. j and against all French vessels under the white ftaW 



"On these conditions, national interest ought 
fYeelv to unite the army to the king-. These inte- 
rests" require sacrifices ; they should he made wil- 
. with a modest energy ; the army subsisting, 
thcarinv united, will become, should our misfor 
tunes increase, the centre and rallying point of all 
Frenchmen, even the most violent royalists. 

"Every one must feel that the union and the obli 
v;on of all dissentions can alone effect the salvation 
of France, which will become impossible, should 
hesitation, difference of opinion, or private consi- 
derations bring dissolution to the army, either by 
Its own means, or those of foreign force. 

•Let us unite, then— let us never separate. The 
Tendeans have given us a touching example ; they 
have written to us ottering to lay aside ail resent- 
merits, and to unite with us in the patriotic wish 
of preventing all dismemberment of the country. 
Let us be Frenchmen ; you know that this senti- 
ment always reigned exclusively in my Soul ; it will 
only leayeme with my latest breath. In this name 
I demand your confidence ; I am sure of meriting 
and obtaining it. 

(Signed) "The marshal commander in chief, 
"The prince of Eikmuhi." 

X. B. — There is in this letter several paragraphs 
'which appear to us unintelligible ; events will doubt- 
less exp'uun them. The whole contents of the let- 
ter are contradictory to the positive account of the 
strrily having submitted to the king as it ought to do, 
. purely and simplv. [ Gazette tie Fi ■mice. 

London, July 22.— Soult has been signally defeat- 
ed between Chalons and Nancy, by prince Wrede ; 
14,000 men fell on this occasion. Lecourbe has al- 
so been overpowered, and compelled to shut him- 
self in Befort, with great loss. 

A German act or" confederation was concluded 
and signed at Vienna, on the 8th of June. The so- 
vereign princes and free cities of Germany bind 
themselves not to make war on each other under 
anv pretext, nor to decide their differences by force, 
but to bring thein under the consideration of the 
diet, &c. 

July 24.— Paris papers to the 22nd instant, ar- 
rived this morning. The following principal con- 
ditions of the treaty negociating at Paris, it is said, 
are finally settled: 

Tiie integrity of France to be maintained. The 
expences of the war Ao be defrayed by France in 
4 years. The evacuation of the country by the al- 
lied troops to commence on the 25th of August, 
with the exception of some corps, whose stay will 
be prolonged until the complete and solid re-es- 
tabliabment of the public tranquility.— This state- 
ment appears to be a mere speculation. l)avoust> 
has not submitted, On the contrary he is. said to 
have re-crossed the Loire at Cosne, with intent to 
transfer the war to Burgundy. Cosne is on the 
Loire, above Gieo, at winch place the left division 
Of Lis army lately passed that river.— If he lias 
taken that direction, he must have joined Suchct, 
who left Lyons op the 13th. This army may yet 
prove troublesome. A Russian force lias marched 
to the Loire, to join the Prussian troop:-; previously 
*>cnt to observe it. 

.Marshal Jourdan has concluded an armistice 
with the Swiss troops which occupied part of 
Franche Comte. 

The French funds deelfcfe rapidly. The 5 per 
cent consols were on Thursday down to 57, a fall 
of 9 per pen* dttce Qf* preP^HfS <$*:'• % n '* 
actions 9^. 



village 



—Napoleon Bonaparte having surrendered himself. 

Jhisse/dosf, Itme 20. Bonaparte's travelling car- 
riage, which was taken by the Prussian major Kel- 
ler, arrived here to-day, It is provided with some 
services of massy gold, valued at 250,000 francs. 

Jiasle, June 27. At Bourgfeld, a village within 
musket-shot of this place, some peasants fired from 
a house upon the Austrian troops: they were all sa: 
bred and the house destroyed. In the evening, it 
was discovered that five voltigeurs and one officer 
had been assassinated; in consequence, the 
-was xohoily pillaged and burnt. 

Hegeniieim, Uourgiibre and Altkirch, and seve- 
ral other places, have been treated with nearly the 
same severity, and for the same reason. The al- 
lies have entered MunhausCn. The archduke Joint 
is here. 

GCj :5 Every man that has the least particle of pa-' 
triotism within him, revolts at the idea of receiving 
the law from foreigners, and, feels impelled to resist 
their^ entry.* Let us call to mind the horrible 
howlings that were made about French cruelties hi 
Spain, where the soldiers of Bonaparte meted to 
tiie Spaniards the same measure of punishment that 
the Aiistrians have inflicted on the French. If it 
was Wrong in Spain, it is not right in France. The 
love of monarchy, and a thirst for power, generate 
the same crimes in ail countries? but thereare ma- 
ny vile enough to call the same things by different 
names. 

(£j*Some articles prepared for this department, mid 
alluded to in the editorial address, are, -with many others^ 
omitted for want of room. 

A. naval court of enquiry has been held, by order 
of the secretary of the navy, on board the U.S. ship* 
Horrfet, in the harbor of New- York, on die 23d day 
of August, 1815, to investigate the causes of the 
return of that ship into port^ and to enquire into 
the circumstances attending tne loss of armament,' 
stores, Sec. during her late cruise ; and the following 
opinion has he^n pronounced by the court : — 

The- court, after mature deliberation on the tes* 
timony adduced, are of opinion, that no blame is 
imputable to captain Biddle, on account of the re- 
turn of the Hornet into port with the loss of her 
armament, stores, &c. and that the greatest applause 
is due to him for his persevering gallantry and nau- 
tical skid, evinced in escaping, tinder the most diss 
dvantageous circumstances, after a long- and ar$» 
duous chase by a British line of battle ship. 

SAMUEL EVANS, President. 
Hbniix Wheaton, 

Special Judge Advocate. 
Copy of a letter from lieutenant JST. D. JWchclson, of 

the late U. S. brig Syren, to captain Samuel Evanfr, 

commanding naval officer at New-York, dated 

Nkw-Youk, August 24, 1815. 

Sin — Conceiving it my duty to make known the 
treatment exhibited by British officers and men to 
those who arc so unfortunate as to fall in their pow- 
er, I am induced to acquaint you with the follow- 
ing circumstances : — 

After the surrender of the Syren to the Med way 



"If this proposition be correct, it follows that our 
eastern jacobins, folding their arms in regard to 
f*cvjiirc>, &c\ hud h££a particle of patriotisms 



SiLES' WEEKLY REGISTER—CHRONICLE. 



15 



vi'ic- uHTfPi'.* aJid crew of the former were removed 
to the latter, the crew not being allowed the privi- 
lege of* taking- their clothing, &.c. with them, so that 
the prize crew had a fail' opportunity of plundering 
fcuch articles a* they thought proper, which oppor- 
tunity they took care to profit by, as many of our 
men were pUlagSwl Of every article ihey possessed 
excepting what they hud on at the time ; and the 
•fficers in like manner were plundered on board the 
MecLway ; the midshipmen, some of them, were 
completely stripped, others lost their watches, 
&c. 

For my dwn part, I came off with the loss of 
about half my clothing, and thought myself well 
fcff, when compared with the losses of my shipmates. 
The morning after our capture, we were mustered 
on the quarter deck to undergo a search ; the men 
were there stripped to tne skin, and their clothing 
not returned, so that many of them were left ^with- 
out any thing more tlraw a shirt and trowsers ; the 
next day Mr. Darton (the first lieutenant of the Med- 
way) distributed the clothing he had taken fiorn our 
men, to his quarter-masters and quarter -gunners, in 
my presence. After being on board the Medway 
iive weeks, we were landed at Simons-town, twenty- 
five mites co the eastward of the Cape of Good Hope, 
myself and brother officers paroled, and the men 
marched co Cape-town, under an escort of dragoons, 
being obliged to ford a lake on the march, where 
the boys were compelled to go over on the backs of 
the tali men ; this march of twenty-five miles was 
performed in one day, and without shoes or food, 
the latter articie they, were kept without four and 
twenty hours; their shoes were stolen by the crew 
of the Medway while they were asleep ; after re- 
maining in this situation nearly eight months, with- 
out bed or bedding' (they were not even furnished 
widi straw, and their hammocks were taken on a 
plea of their being public property) we were all 
embarked in dflferent men of war and Indiamen, for 
England ; myself, with about sixty officers and men, 
in the Cumberland 74, captain Baker : we were ail 
put on the lower gun-deck, without distinction, 
among their own crew, and fed on prisoner's allow- 
ance ; and on my remonstrating with the captain 
for receiving such treatment, he ordered me off the 
quarter deck, with a threat, at the same time, to put 
me in irons. We remained rn this situation eighteen 
days, after which lieutenants German, Gordon and 
myself, were removed to the Grampus 50, at St- 
Helena, admitted to the wardroom mess and treat- 
ed with civility. 

With respect, I have the honor, he. 

N. D. NTCHOLSQN. 



Bounty Lands. 

FROM THE XATIOXAL INTELLIGENCE"??. 

lb those patriotic citizens tj/io composed the late 
United, States' Arm;/: 

FELLOW-ciTizENsi— Observing that attempts are 
making in some of the public papers to lessen 
your confidence in the honor and assurances of the 
goverment, which pledges itself to give those who 
enlisted for the war donations of public land, be- 
cause those lauds are not miraculously prepared at 
the moment of the termination of the war for loca- 
tion; I have therefore thought it might be proper, 
and satisfactory to you to submit for consideration 
the following facts, in order that you may know 
that the government, which has already expressed 
its sense of your meritorious services, is anxious to 
comply with its engagements. 
&oon after the. ratification qf the treaty ofpoacc 



with Great Britain, I received the directions of lh«* 
President, of the United States, through the honor- 
able the commissioner of the general land ofii< e, 
to set apart the best bodies of land belonging to 
the government, so that two millions of acres 
which had been appropriated by Congress, laying 
in the Michigan territory, two millions in Illinois,, 
and two millions in the territory of Missouri, might 
be surveyed without delay lor the soldiers of the 
late army, S*c. In obedience to these instructions,, 
a sufficient quantity was selected in Michigan as- 
near the southern shore of Lake Erie and the north- 
ern boundary of the state of Ohio, as the private 
claims would allow — the same quantity north of 
the Illinois river and extending to the Mississippi, 
and down those rivers to their junction; and a like 
quantity between the St. Francis and the Arkan- 
sas rivers, extending down the Mississippi, be- 
lieved to be the most valuable tracts in these ter- 
ritories; and a sufficient number of skillful survey- 
ors were immediately engaged to survey and lay 
off these lands, that they might as soon as possible 
be prepared for location. Four of those surveyors, 
■with all their assistants, were dispatched to Michi- 
gan—four were instructed as soon as practicable 
to commence the surveys north of the Illinois river 
— and arrangements were in train to prepare the 
rest to follow on, so soon as preparations were 
made for their commencement. — While we were 
thus proceeding, with a fond hope of soon having 
your land ready for location, our surveyors were 
driven by the Indians from Michigan, who, misled 
by a miserable policy, refused to permit them to 
proceed. The same hostile disposition of the low-' 
er tribes has thrown impediments in the way in the 
lower country, — although the surveyors report that 
that had the Indians been peaceable, such was the 
state of that country, from the uncommonly wet 
season and the richness of its soil producing an as- 
tonishing under growth, that it woUld have been 
impossible to commence during the heat of sum- 
mer. Under these circtunstances we are oblig- 
ed to desist and wait the issue of the treaties which, 
are authorised by the President of the United States 
to be held with the contending tribes of Indians,., 
which every principle of humanity' sanctions before 
a sad appeal to arms. 

I can, therefore, with the greatest truth, assure' 
you, that so soon as the difficulties are removed^ 
which the government is using it's endeavors to do* 
as it respects the Indians, no time will be lost iru. 
surveying those lands and prepairing the way fog 
you to obtain what you so justly, merit. 

EDWARD TIFFIN, Surveyor-Gen®*®. 
Chillicgthe, Aug. 10, 1815. 



CHRONICLE, 

From the Mediterranean we have a multitude cdr" 
accounts; and it is stated in so many ways that De- 
catur has nearly annihilated the A'gerne power a* 
sea, that we gladly believe it, though the fact is not? 
stated as positively as is desired. One of the reports- 
says — "that commodore Decatur, having been hw 
formed that the crew of an American vessel were 
put to the sw r ord in Algiers, had declared an intemr 
tion of beheading his prisoners (400 in number), 
in sight of Algiers, should the report prove true.'-* 

Spain and Naples are also said to have declared 
war against Algiers. The Dutch squadron has at 
last arrived in the Mediterranean, and a Swedish-- 
force was expected. But Decatur's " bit of striped, 
bunting-" will have pretty nearly settled the business 
for them. It does not appear certain that the A1-- 
gerhies" had captured mere tlian \ American yesseh 



\Q FILES' WEEKLY REGI STER—SATURDA Y, SEPTEMBER 16, 1811 

The following account from the Providence (R. I.) 
Amsrican, of the 25th vi.lt. is the most particular of 
u\\ received, and comprizes in itself, also, the nu- 
merous reports prevailing, on this interesting sub- 

^ Arrived here, late last evening-, brig- Bnziflian, 
Snort-, in 43 Jays passage from Gibraltar. We were 
politely favored with the folWhig interesting intel- 
ligence* by an an intelligent gentleman who came 
passenger in the B. 

The American squadron fell in with the Algerine 
frigate Messode, of 46 guns, and from four to six 
hundred men, off Cape de Gat. She was engaged 
bv the Guerriere alone, and after an action of one 
hour and a half was captured by her; the Messoda 
had 24 killed and 24 wounded; the Guerriere had 7 
wounded. They afterwards captured another fri- 
gate and a corvette oft' cape Palos : ; the particulars 
of the action not stated. 

The prizes were sent into Carthagena, but were 
ordered, by the Spanish government, to leave the 
place ; in consequence of which they proceeded to 
Toulon. It was reported that another Algerine 
cruiser, a brig, had been spoken going into Tou- 
lon, a prize to the American squadron. It was con- 
fidently expected at Gibraltar, that the greatest 
part, if not the whole of the Algerine fleet, would 
be captured, as there was certain accounts of their 
being at sea, long after they passed the Straits, 
which preceded the American squadron only forty - 
eio-ht hours. There was another report in circula- 
tion that the squadron had taken the second sea- 
port in Algiers, called Oram 

Vessels which had arrived from the Straits 
brought various but confirmatory accounts of the 
probability of the entire capture of the Algerine fleet ; 
but as they assert nothing particular as to the ac- 
tual capture, except these already mentioned, they 
are only entitled to the credit of plausible conjec- 
tures. The report of, the capture of the two frigates 
and the corvette was confirmed by a letter from 
ciotain Lewis, of the Guerriere, to one of the Ame- 
rican consuls in Spain, and by him communicated to 
Mr. Horatio Sprague, American commission-mer- 
chant at Gibraltar. 

The Dutch squadron, consisting of five frigates, 
and one sloop of war, passed Gibraltar on the 3d of 
July, and it was presumed would form a junction 
with the Americans. 

A large Swedish frigate came to anchor at Gib- 
raltar on the 11th, bound up. It was said she was 
the van-guard of a much larger force, to operate 
..gainst the Algerines. ■. ■■;- 

Further.— A ve^el has arrived at New-York, by 
which an account is received, of a vessel being spok- 
en in the bay of Biscay from Leghorn, that re- 
ported Commodore Decatur had made -peace -with the 

tleff of Algiers, and the American squadron ?0a then 
in the harbor of 'Algiers. m 

An oilier account says, that the Algerme frigate 
Mossoda, or, as she is called by some, the Mi- 
sauda, had 160 killed and wounded, and was a 
complete wreck. She was formerly captured from 
the Portuguese. Though the loss on board the 
Guerriere wa* trifling by the fire of the Algerine, 
the bursting of one of her guns is said to have 
killed and wounded about 30 of our gallant fel- 
lows. She did not sustain any injury in her hull. 

On the 19th June, the schooner Flambeau, cap- 
tain Nicholson, after leaving the prize at Carthage- 
na, sailed with another schooner, and on the 20th 
feU in with a large |>olacrc brig, which made sail 
from them and run on shore near Carthagena.— The 
Americans, from respect to the neutral territory, 
tt 1 on the Algerine commencing a heavy 



fire on them, and thus violating the Spanish neuv 
trality, returned and captured the brig, witli about 
200 men, 48 of the crew escaped on shore by swim- 
ming. The brig, mounting 22 guns, was got oil", 
and also carried into Carthagena. 

At Lisbon, the 4th July, an Ottoman ship arrived 
from the Mediterranean, the captain of which states 
that about 14 days ago, he heard a very heavy can- 
nonade, and the next morning saw the American 
squadron capture and take possession of three Al- 
gerines, one frigate anct two brigs. The Ottoman/ 
captain already knew of the capture of the vessels 
carried into Carthagena. 

Treaty with Amcrida. The following article is c0-> 
pied from the London Courier of the 17th July: 

The following* are reported to be the principal 
terms of the commercial treaty about to be con- 
cluded with the United States of America. 

By. the 1st article, the navigation laws of the two 
countries are, for mutual benefit, dispensed with, 
and British vessels trading to American ports* and 
American Vessels trading to British ports, have 
equal privileg-es in regard to duties and exemp- 
tions with native vessels respectively. This bene- 
fit not only extends to the ships but to the cargoes. 
Thus cotton wool, which on coming to ; England in 
British ships from the United States, is liable to a 
duty of only one penny per lb. arid if imported in 
American vessels, is a subject to a charge of three 
pence in the pound, will incur the same duty, if 
conveyed in the bottoms of either of the two 
countries. 

The second article admits of free trade to Cal- 
cutta, and to all the* Briti ;h settlements of the Pe- 
ninsula of Hindostan. With regard to China there 
is no regulation, because that trade is exclusively 
with the India Company, and this company has no' 1 
power or authority to obstuct the trade to China, 
either with regard to the Americans or any other' 
foreign state. 

A third article, and not the least important in 
the view of the American government, restrict* 
the British from entering into any trade with the 
numerous tribes of Indians occupying any part of 
the country within the jurisdiction of the United 
States. 

The London Globe of the 19th July, says—"Itf 
the new commercial arrangements with America, 
we learn that some privileges have been granted to 
America in the fur trade. '* 

Foreign Office, {London) July IS — His royal 
highness the Prince Regent has been pleased in the 
name and on behalf of his majesty, to permit Ro- 
bert Gaunt Beasly, esq. to act as consul general 
in this country for the United States of America, 
until his successor in that situation shall have been 
duly appointed. And approved of James Maury, 
esq. as consul at Liverpool. 

The honorable Mr. Bagot, the British minister to 
this country, was preparing to sail in the frigate La- 
cedemonian, captain Jackways, which was fitting' 
up for his reception. 

Specie. We congratulate the public on the pros- 
pect that specie may soon again come into circula- 
tion. The late events in Europe, with the eager- 
ness of some to supply the wants of the British go- 
vernment, have, together, reduced it nearly to par 
at Liverpool; one vessel having arrived there from 
Boston with 2,000,000 dollars! The consequence 
was that dollars fell from 5s. 8d. to 4s. 9d. This is 
very pleasant news — the speculators will make a 
swamping business of it. The hrokers, generally, 
I have made a stand in purchasing the precious metals, 

(hiadatoupe su'Tcndercd at discretion, early in the- 
I last month. 



WILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



#o. 2 «f Vor,. IX. 



BALTI.vTOItE, S.VTUMD.VY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1815. [whole ™. 210. 



Hac olim menunisse juvatdt. — Vipoix. 



PIUXTE1> AVn I'UHUSUW) BY U. NILT.S, NO. 29, SOUTH CU.VEnT-STREET, AT §5 PEIl ANM'.M. 



West-Point. 

To a distinguished friend who lately visited West 
Point, the editor of the rkotstkji is indebted for 
tlie following description of that celebrated post. 
How often has the traveller occasion to remark 
the incongruity of geographical descriptions, with 
the real appearance of places which come under 
his notice ! Frorti the manner in which Dr. Morse 
has mentioned West Punt, a stranger would hard- 
iy expect to behold a spot, where awful magnifi- 
cence, romantic wildness, and aujust sublimity of 
scenery, rivet the attention with mingled influ- 
ence; whiie associated recollection revives the 
days long past, when a band of patriots here op- 
posed the sole barrier to the .subjugation of our 
fathers. It is, indeed, a spot formed by nature to 
be the nursery of heroes. As its name imports, 
it is a point of land on the Western shore, of the ri- 
ver Hudson; sixty miles from the city of New- York 
and one hundred from Albany. Viewing it as you 
ascend the river, it appears to be nothing more 
than a rugged and almost inaccessible promonto- 
ry; but having gained the summit of the bank, 
you are at once struck with surprise and admira- 
tion at finding yourself on a beautiful verdant plain, 
containing nearly eighty .acres, and forming the 
area of an amphitheatre; the one half of which is 
tencircled by the river, and the other by the lofty 
mountain upon which stand the mouldering ruins 
Of the old Fort Putman. From the centre of this 
area, looking up the river, the first object which 
arrests the eye, is the towering and precipitous 
mountain called the Crow's Nest; whose rocky 
sides overhang the water, in awful and terrifick 
grandeur.* Opposite to this, in the middle of the 
fiver, as if it had been riven by some convulsive 
throe of its parent mountain, from its original at- 
tachment, stands a small, but beautiful island; 
smiling in all the wild luxuriance of uncultivated 
liature. Farther on, at the distance of ten miles, 
is to be seen the village of JVexvburg, a jiarn* which 
will awaken, in tlie revolutionary soldier, the re- 
membrance Of other times. Beyond this, the sight 
is bounded by a distant view of tlie Calskitt moun- 
tains, the highest in the state. Thence casting the 
'•eye on the Eastern shore of the river and pursu- 
ing its downward course, bleak and barren moun* 
tains, delightful valleys teeming with the fruits of 
industry, and here and there a farm-house peeping 
through the embowering wood, alternately fix the 
gaze of the beholder; until at length it rests upon 
the white chimnies of a mansion, half concealed 
amid tlie surrounding foliage, as if still ashamed 
that it had once been the habitation of tlie traitor 
Arnold. 

. In 1802 the congress of the United States pas- 
sed a law to organize and establish a Corps of En- 
gineers and Cadets; giving authority to the presi- 
dent to make promotions in the same, so as that 
the number of the whole corps should at no time, 
exceed paienty officers and cadets. It was further 



enacted by the same taw "that t!<e said corns, 
when so organized, shall be stationed at West 
Point, in the State of New York, and shall constitute 
a military academy." 

From this circumscribed beginning, has sprung 
one of the noblest institutions of which CjUt coun- 
try can boast. For many years af.er its establish- 
ment, the academy was scarcely known beyond the 
narrow limits of its own circle; untilj among other 
measures preparatory to tlie -declaration of war in 
1812* another law was passed, augmenting tlie 
corps of Engineers; authorising an additional num- 
ber of professors; and extending- the limit of ca- 
dets to tivo hundred and fifty. Still, however, some- 
thing was wanting, to excite the attention, and a- 
waken tlie interest of the public, to this cradle of 
7vlars. 

Fortunately, the occasion was not distant, whicli 
was destined to rouse the energies of the nation, 
and call into active exercise the latest benefits of 
the institution. The names of Wood, McRee, 
Douglas, and a host of youthful w r arriors, who with, 
the valour, skill and confidence of hardy vete- 
rans, sprung at once from the peaceful lap of sci- 
ence to the rude and stormy field of war, soon 
rung With re-echoed sound, to the remotest cor- 
ner of an admiring country. They were pupils of 
the military academy. Then first, did West Point 
become an object of eager inquiry; Fathers were 
anxious to give their sons such an opportuni- 
ty of rising to renown; and the sons themselves 
felt the glow of youthful desire, kindle in their 
bosoms, to emulate the noble examples before 
them. The table of the secretary of war was now 
crowded with applications for cadis' warrants'; 
and, before the commencement of the exercises 
of the present year, tlie limited number was com- 
plete. 

To the Indefatigable zeal and exertions of the 
late colonel Williams, the public is indebted, more 
perhaps thart to any Other individual, for the origi- 
nal establishment of the military academy. But 
for the order, system, regularity and discipline 
which pervade every branch of the institution, all 
praise is due to the present superintendant, captain 
Alden Partridge, of tlie corps of engineers. This 
officer, to a cultivated understanding, and extensive 
scientific acquirements, unites a zeal for the im- 
provement of the cadets, which eminently qualifies 
him for so responsible a station. His stern justice, 
rigid impartiality and strict discipline, inspire in 
the cadets a proper deg*ree of fear, while at the 
same time, his urbanity of manners, kindness of de- 
portment, and polite condescension, win their re- 
spectful affections. His frown is deprecated as the 
severest punishment for dereliction of duty; his 
smile is hailed as the best reward for its observ- 
ance. 

The whole number of cadets is divided into 
two companies; young men of the largest size form- 
ing the first, and the smaller ones the second. — 
They are governed by officers appointed, in rota- 
* The perpendicular height of tiiis mountain, tion, from among themselves. Those, who act as 
ascertained by actual measurement, by one of the commissioned officers, hold their stations for a month 
officers at the Point, is 1415 feet, above the \?ye\\-— the, non-commissioned officers for a week. At the 
of the water. 5 ea t <JT reveille, the companies parade, and the roU 

Vox. HA B * r ~ 



]S N1LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1815. 



is called; after which they return to their quarters, the only thing- intended to be taught by encamp 
for the purpose of cleaning their respective chain- 1 ment, can be as well taught without the necessity 
besSj making' their beds, and preparing- for break- \ of confining; the cadets to tents forjthree months in 
fast, to half-past 7 o'clock the bugle calls them the year; which, added to the term of winter vaca-- 
to this repast; to which they march in regular or- tion, leaves them only half the year for mental in- 
struction. 



der, and take their seats at the table with the same 
exactness that they would perform a military ma- 
ntntvre. Twelve persons are appointed from their 
own body as carpers, who have command of the ta- 
ble ceremonies; and except by these, not a word is 
spoken during the meal. When the time allowed 
them is elapsed, the order is given to rise,- and in 
an instant the line of march is resumed, and they 
return to their quarters. At 8 o'clock, the studies 
are commenced. Those not immediately engaged in 
reciting to some one or other, of the professors, re- 
main in their own chambers. At half past 12 or 1 
o'clock the bugle is again sounded to summon them 
to dinner; on which occasion the same ceremonies 
;u-e observed as at breakfast. At 2 o'clock the stu- 
dies are resumed in the same manner, and continu- 
ed until the time to prepare for the sun-set parade. 
At this parade they are put through the manual 
exercise, and the various evolutions of infantry; all 
which they perform in a style of military precision, 
and with an easy elegance and regularity of motion, 
not surpassed by the best disciplined soldiers. Be- 
fore the parade is dismissed the companies are 
drawn up in an open square, and an evening prayer 
is delivered by the chaplain; after which they re- 
tire, and have just time to disencumber themselves 
of their accoutrements, Sec. when the bugle sounds 
the call to supper. At 8 o'clock the tattoo warns . 
them to repair to their respective chambers, out of' 
which they are seen no more until the next morn- 
ing's reveille. 

On Sundays, the church service is performed in 
the morning and afternoon by the chaplain of the 
corps, the reverend Mr. Empie. The writer of this 
cannot refrain here from expressing the high gra- 
tification he derived from hearing two of this gen- 
tleman's sermons, during his stay at West Point. — 
The classical purity of the language, the soundness 
of their religious doctrine, and the unaffected fer- 
vor of manner in which they were delivered, were 
alike calculated to interest and delight the hearer. 
The branches of science now taught at the aca- 
demy, are mathematics, natural and experimental 
philosophy, engineering (which, it is believed, in- 
cludes the whole art of tactics) ethics, the French 
language, drawing, &.C. The professors are all gen- 
tlemen of the highest respectability and talents, 
who appear to have devoted themselves wholly to 
the good of the institution. With such teachers, 
and such guardians of their manners, morals and 



These are points which deserve the serious con- 
sideration of congress; and which if correctly decid- 
ed on, will render the Military Academy at West- 
Point a blessing to generations yet unborn. 



awaken love of country, and a veneration for the pa- 
triots of the revolution — the cadets cannot fail to 
become enlightened men, virtuous citizens, and 
brave defenders of their country's rights. 

A little of tlie fostering care of congress, how- 
ever, is still wanting to give to this institution that 
broad and extensive utility of which it is suscepti- 
ble. A further appropriation of money should be 
made, for the erection of additional barracks and 
other buildings. The number of cadets might 
advantageously increased to Jive hundred, and a pro- 
fessor of languages should be added to the acade- 
my. That part of the law which directs that they 
shail "be encamped at least three months of each 
year/ 1 ought to be repeuled, not only as unnecessa 
IT, but as highly detrimental to the improvement o: 
the cadets, or if not wholly repealed, the time of 
continuing in camp should be left to the discretion 
•f the .supcrintendant. {■cotremetatiimy which is 



Letter to the Editor. 

Charleston, S. C. August 19, 1815. 
Mb. $f iles — In your Weekly Register of the 12th 
instant, (see vol. VIII. page 420) I observe an anec- 
dote or two said to be related by an officer of the 
old revolutionary army, which appears to me to be 
an insidious attempt to dimmish the horrors and 
odium of the Dartmoor massacre, by a false or mu- 
tilated representation of affairs which took place at 
the barracks in Cambridge, near Boston, with the 
Saratoga convention prisoners. Permit another old 
officer of the revolutionary army to state the real 
circumstances of the above affair; and he believes 
there will appear a material difference between the 
business of Dartmoor and Cambridge, not only in 
then- situations as depots of prisoners, but in the 
conduct of the guards. Cambridge barracks were 
not enclosed, and nothing but a line of centinels 
kept the prisoners within bounds; in consequence 
of which mariy of them escaped and found their 
way to Newport, R. Island, at that time a British 
post. Dartmoor appears to have been extremely 
well secured. 

It is well known that the Saratoga convention pri- 
toners were marched to Cambridge, near Boston, 
not only as at that time usafe depot for them, but al- 
so for a more convenient port of embarkation, in 
case that convention were ratified by Great Britain - 
Here they were placed underguard of a few hun- 
dred militia. Among the British officers and sol- 
diers, it was a good and a standing joke to disre- 
gard the challenges of the sentries, and even some-. 
times to attempt disarming them. Colonel David 
Henley, an excellent officer of the regular army, be- 
ing at length appointed to the command of that 
post, was determined to make himself and his troops 
respected. Orders were given to fire upon any one 
who should attempt to pass the sentries without 
leave. In defiance of this order, a British lieuten- 
ant, riding in a chaise with a common prostitute, 
attempted to pass a centinel, and, though repeatedly 
challenged, refused to stop. The sentinel then fired 
and shot him dead on the spot. 

The second anecdote requires to be properly stat- 
ed. The circumstances are these: when the mi- 
litia guards were relieved, according to daily rou- 
tine, the British prisoners were in the habit of sur- 
rounding, jeering and insulting, and sometimes im- 
peding their movements. They were repeatedly 
warned of the impropriety of this conduct, but it 
sometimes required more than words to check the 
insolence of the prisoners. In their quarters, also 4 
the guards were resisted, when endeavoring to quiet 
disturbances. In particular, one night some of the 
militia had their arms injured, or destroyed. Colo- 
nel Henley having seized the chief rioters next mor- 
ning, was so abused by one of them, that in a mo- 
ment of irritation, he gave the fellow several pricks' 
in the breast with a sword — but neither run him 
through the heart as stated, nor did the prisoner die 
of Ids wounds — but was about his usual business in 
a few days. Colonel HenJey was brought before a 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— CHURCH AND STATE. 



19 



cmirt martial upon charges preferred against him 
by general Burgoyne, who acted as prosecutor. — 
Colonel Tudor, of Boston, was judge advocate; 
general (at that time lieutenant-colonel) Brooks, I 
believe, was a member of the court; brigadier-gene- 
ral Glover was president < Colonel Henley was ac- 
quitted. 

Although I was not immediately on the spot, yet 
I was not at such a distance as to be entirely igno- 
rant of these facts. But to give you an unerring 
document, permit me to refer you to the trial of 
colonel Henley which was published in Boston 
about the time. It must be a very scarce book, 
but I believe you may procure a copy from the mili- 
tary philosophical society of the United States — to 
iny certain knowledge one was presented to it; or 
you may consult general Heath's memoirs; which, 
whatever else may be said about them, are a very 
faithful recital of facts. 

One of the old R&volutionainj Army. 

REMARKS BY THE EDITOR. 

The preceding letter is inserted as well in re- 
spect to the character supported by the writer, as to 
elucidate the facts belonging to the things alluded 
to; though we very respectfully, yet decidedly, dif- 
fer in opinion with him as to the scope or bearing 
of the paragraphs (extracted from an eastern paper) 
that gave rise to his remarks. For really, instead 
of considering the anecdotes as an ^insidious at- 
tempt to diminish the horrors and odium of the 
Dartmoor massacre," we supposed that (represent- 
ed even as they -were) they were calculated only to 
Shew a superiority of conduct in our people on that 
occasion compared with that of the British in the 
teiurders of Dartmoor; and we utterly disclaim any 
"ether inducement in giving place to them. 



Church and State. 

From a late English paper. "The following is an ac- 
curate statement of the value of the different sees'* 
according to present rentals in 1813. The inequa- 
lity among them is generally as little known, as the 
claims of the greater part of those who possess tliem, 
to any of the rewards of the establishment. 

Sees. Possessors. Pr. ami. 

Canterbury. ...» Dnke of Rutland's cousin ....... ^£20,000 

Vork « • Lord Vernon & lord Harcourt's brother 14,000 

Durham ...... i. Lord Barrrngton's uncle ........ 24.000 

"Winchester . . s . Late lord North's brother . ; 18,000 

Ely The duke of Rutland's tutor ..... k 12,000 

London Dr. Randolph 4 a O no 

Bath and Wells . . Duke of Gloucester's tutor . • 4,000 

Litchfield, &c. . . Lord Cornwallis' uncle . 6.000 

Worcester Dr. Cornwall ..*....•»» 6 00 

Hereford. ...... Duke of Beaufort's tutor ........ 4,000 

Bangor The son of the queen's English master SjooO 

St. Asaph Lord Buckingham's tutor * 1,>00 

V\ xford Brother of the prince regents tutor . . » 3,000 

Lincoln ....... Mr. Pitt's secretary * . . . . 5,000 

Salisbury ...... Princess Charlotte's tutor . 6 ooo 

Norwich Dr. Bathurst t 4 #0 

Carlisle Duke of Portland's tutor 3 000 

*• ? av i<*'s Dr.Burgess 4 . 5 000 

Rochester . . . > . . Duke of Portland's secretary 1*500 

Exeter ........ Lord Chichester's brother ........ 3.050 

Peterborough . . . Dr. Madan ...*..*... 4 ;, s . 1 000 

Bristol . ....... Mr. Percival's tutor \ i 0QQ 

fcamlafr Dr. Watson >..... qZ 

Gloucester Dr. Huntingford ] <> 

k • Lord Ellenborough's brother * i'ooo 



Chester 



Remarks ojt the above. 
Although in the first volume of the Weeklu JRetfs- 
ier -page 130, we gave a pretty fall account of "the 
hideous church establishment of England, it may 
be profitable to revive the subject, and offer some 
additional facts and remarks to elucidate its enor- 
mity. 

The whole exhibits 25 f/v?,r>^ m tW jsWcfe fo: 



which the the people at large pay the enormous Mini 
of 164,900 pounds sterling, to which add the living 
of the bishop of Sodor and Man, with about 1000J. 
more, and we have a grand aggregate for the sup- 
port of twenty-six fat priests, of 165,900/. ; equal to 
$736,596 per annum. 

It is worthy of notice that these livings*producect 
about 100,000 dollars more per annum in 1813, than 
they did five years before — being estimated in the 
statement above alluded to at 600,000 dollars To 
which, for various interesting particulars, the read- 
er is invited to refei\ 

Let us compare this with the f icts that belong to 
the pay and emoluments of the dignities of die United 
Slates ; that we may see the merit of those who 
grumble at oiir expenditures, and extol the system 
of the British government : 

1 The President of the United States . $25,000 

1 Vice President 5,000 

4 Secretaries of state, treasury, war 

and navy 1 . ,'Y.i 19,000 

8 Chief justice, six associate justices 

and attorney general -.....-. 28,000 
21 District judges of courts of the 

United States ; 51,000 

23 Territorial judges .;....;,. 27,500 
2i8 Senate and house of representa- 
tives of the United States . , . 233$000 
6 Governors of territories of the U. S. 14,500 
18 Governors of the states of New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, ConnecticutjVermont, N. 
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee; 
Ohio and Louisiana, whose ave- 
rage salaries are about 2,200$ 

each ....:.. ; . . ; 39,(?0O 

120 Supposed amount of chancellors 
and superior judges of theseve^ 
ral states, at 2000 ......... §40,000 

18 Attornies generals 18,000 



438 persons 



Dollars. 730.60J 



From this it appears, that four hundred and thirty 
eight persons, of the hi gh est dignity in the govern* 
ment in the ' nited State;, ,nd of a ihe individual 
states, and filling all the most responsible and most 
active offices, are supported for a less sum than is 
paid by the people of England to maintain twenty 
six fellows in the church — a lazy, idlej sottish and 
gluttonous pack, whose united labor "for the good 
of 4 souls," is not equal to that of one honest itine- 
rant Methodist preacher. 

It is Calculated that the church establishment re- 
ceives in rent and tythes, about one eighth of the xtfhote 
rental of all the kingdom of England. Wiiat a gor- 
mandizer is the church — oxe eighth of al^! The 
chiefs of those who thus fleece the flocks they are 
appointed to guard, are mostly appointed by the 
king, that is* the ministry — and' we may easily supj 
pose what pliant creatures they are — ready to "give 
scripture'Vfor deeds of deepest villainy. They arc 
not worse than other government priests ; but no 
better than the hound-inqnisitors of Spain and Italy.* 
The spirit that supports them all s that of ravening 
Wolves. How else could they eat up the substance 

of the people ? 

Such is among the most accursed fruit that the 

tree of monarchy bears. 
In contrast to these fat things, let us bear in mind 
. that at least tivoffihs of the laboring classes irt En g< 

mid ure-pavlie'FS — and weAl they may be* 



20 NILE 5' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1813. 



Foreign Articles. 

Xarsojll s-lvcuitk** account of the battles of tiii : 

lOTH AND 18tU. 
[Translated from patch papers for the Boston Daily Advertiser] 

Narrativq of the operations of the Prussian army of 
the Lower Rhine. 
On the 15th instant ftappltbn after having as 
semblcd on the Jay before, between Maubeuge and 
Beaumont, five corps of the army and the. different 
corps of the guard, commenced hostilities. The 
points of concentration of the four corps of the 
Prussian army were Fleurus,- Namur, Cimsy and 
Uanove, the situation of which permitted the army 
to unite upon cither of the points in twenty-four 
hours. 

On the 15th, Napoleon advanced by Thuin on 
fco'h banks of the Sambre against Charleroy. Gene- 
ral Ziethen had assembled the first corps of the 
arm}- near Fleurus, and sustained that day a vigo- 
rous combat with the enemy, who after having- taken 
Charleroy, directed his march upon Fleurus.— 
General Ziethen maintained himself in the positron 
near that place. Field-marshal Blucher, with the 
intention of giving- as soon as possible a great bat- 
tle to the enemy, directed the three other corps of 
the Prussian army upon SambrefF, one and a half 
leagues from Fleurus, where the 2d and 3d corps 
ought to have arrived on the 15th, and the 4th on 
the 16th. 

Lord Wellington had assembled his army near 
Ath and Nivelles, which put it in his power to 
Five assistance to field-marshal Blucher, in case 
battle had been given on the 15th. 

June 16.-— Battle of Jyicfni/.—The Prussian army 
W&s posted on the heights of Brie and SambrefF, 
and in front of the latter place, and occupied with 
imposing forces the villages of Ligny and St. Amand 
situated upon its front. In the mean time the 3d 
corps only effected its junction. The 4th, which 
had been stationed between Liege and I/annoye 
had been retarded in its march by many Circum- 
stances and had not yet arrived. Nevertheless the 
field marshal Butcher resoived on giving battle, 
beiiefing that lord Wellington had already put in 
motion to support him a strong division of his army, 
a? well as all his reserve, stationed in the vicinity 
of Brussels, and that the 4th corps of the Prussian 
army was on the point of arriving. 

The battle began at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The 

enemy deployed above 130,000 men. The Prussian 

amy was 80,000, The village of St. Amand was 

the first pomt attacked by the enemy, who after a 

vigorous resistance succeeded in gaining possession 

of it. He then turned ids efforts upon Ligny. It 

i - i ": \ iilage, strongly built, situated along the 

i of that name. There commenoed a conflict 

Which ought to he placed in the number of Ae 

:■:-> r obstinate mentioned in history. Villages have 

0< en been .seen taken and retaken; but hem the 

continue^ for five hours in the village itself, 

and the movements forward and backward were 

made with the greatest rapidity. On each side 

oops were constantly advancing. Each army 

h " '■■•-'■ hal I-' of the village which it occu- 

' : ' ' >i infantry whieh kept up the 

dty strengthened themselves 

■ >m the rem-, and from the 

right and the left. Aboui 200 



height of the action was, the whole time near Llg* 
ny: 

Affairs appeared to take a favourable turn for the 
Prussian troops, a part of the village of St. Amand 
having- been retaken from the French by a battalion 
which the field marshal Blucher commanded in 
person, in consequence of which advantage we 
reg-ained a height abandoned after the fall of St. 
Amand. Yet at Ligny the battle continued with 
the same fury. It appeared that the issue of the 
conflict must depend upon the arrival of the Eng- 
tish troops, or at least of the 4th corps of the Prus- 
sian army. In fact, the arrival of this last corps 
would have furnished the field marshal with the 
means of making an immediate attack with the 
rght wing, from which might be expected great 
success. But intelligence was received that the 
English division destined to support us was vigo- 
rously-attacked by a corps of the French army, and 
that it was with difficulty that it maintained its po- 
sition at Quatre Bras. The 4th corps did not make 
its appearance, so that we were compelled to sus- 
tain alone the attack of an enemy much superior m 
numbers. 

The evening was already far advanced, and the 
conflict near Ligny Avas the whole time prolonged 
with the same animosity and the same equality of 
success. The arrival of the necessary succors' 
was invoked in vain. The danger became more 
pressing every hour. All the divisions were in ac- 
tion or nad already been engaged, and there was 
not a single corps to support them. On a sudden 
a division of the enemy's infantry, under favor of 
the night, without being perceived went round the 
village, at the same time that some cuirassiers' 
forced the passage on the other side, and took in 
the rear the body of our army stationed behind the 
houses. This surprise on the part of the enemy 
became decisive, especially at a moment when our' 
cavalry stationed likewise on a height behind the 
village, was repulsed by the enemy's cavalry, aftetf 
repeated attacks. 

Oar infantry posted behind Ligny, although com- 
pelled to a retreat, did not suffer any depression,, 
either from the surprise of the enemy in the midst 
of the darkness, a circumstance which exaggerates 
to a man all the dangers to which he is exposed, 
nor by the idea of finding itself surrounded on all 
sides. Formed into masses, they repulsed with 
coolness all attacks of the cavalry, and retired in 
good order to the heights, whence it continued its 
retrogade movement upon Tilly. In consequence 
of the sudden charge of the enemy's cavalry, many 
of our' cannon in their precipitate retreat had taken 
directions which conducted them by defiles, in 
which they were necessarily disordered; and in this 
manner 15 cannon fell into the hands of the enemy, 
At a quarter of a league from the field of battle 
the army was reformed. The army did not hazard 
a pursuit. The village of Brie remained in our oc- 
cupation alS night, as likewise Sombreff, where gen. 
Thielman engaged the 4th corps of the French ar- 
my, and at break of day began slowly to retreat for 
Gemblours, at which place the 4th' corps of the ar- 
my under general Bulow had arrived' in the night. — 
The 1st aud 2nd corps marched in the morning past 
the defile of Mount St. Guibert. Our loss in killed 
and wounded was great. The enemy made no pri- 
soners except a part of our wounded. 

We lost the battle but not our honor. Our sol- 



>m the two sides,, were pointed diers fought with a bravery which left nothing to be 



, tfhich was on m-e in many place 
From time to time 



, 



tine, tie enemy having" likewise 
v./-- »« Kp ., grfctf force aga&st the 3d corps. The 



the battle expended 

ise 



desired; and their self possession was preserved, so 
that each one retained an entire confidence in his 
own strength. This day the field-marshal Bluche;*. 
exposed himself la great dangers, 4# attack of" 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



21 



pavalry, conducted by himself, failed of success, 
while the cavalry of the enemy was pushing' .with 
rigor, a shot penetrated the horse of the field mar- 
shal. The animid, far from being arrested in his 
course by this wound, plunged with the greatest 
fury, until he fell down dead. The field marshal 
stunned by this violent fall, remained entangled un- 
der his horse. The enemy's cuirasseurs were ap- 
■ jiroaching following up their advantage. Our last 
Jiorsemen had already passed by the marshal; an ad- 
jutant alone remained near him, and iiad just des- 
cended from his horse, resolved to share his fate. — 
The danger was great, but heaven was propitious to 
us. The enemy continuing the charge passed ra- 
pidly near the field marshal without perceiving him; 
And the next instant, a second charge of our cavalry 
having- repulsed them, they repassed with the same 
precipitation, and as before without precieving him. 
They with some difficulty disengaged the field mar- 
shal from under liis horse, which was dead, and he 
Boon remounted, upon the horse of a dragoon. 

On the evening of the lfth the Prussian army con- 
centrated in the environs of Wavre. Napoleon 
moved in pursuit of lord Wellington upon the great 
yoad which leads from Charleroy to Brussels. An 
English division sustained on the same day a vio- 
lent conflict with the enemy. Lord Wellington had 
taken position upon the road of Brussels, having his 
right wing supported against Braine la Lieu, his 
centre near mount St John, and his left wing against 
Ja H.iye Saint. Lord Wellington wrote to the field 
marshal that he was resolved to offer battle in this 
position if he would support him with two corps of 
his army. The marshal promised to come with his 
whole army. He even proposed, that if the enemy 
did not attack, the allies should themselves make 
the attack the next day, with all their forces united, 
from this it may be judged how far the Prussian 
ftimy had been disorganized by the battle of the 
16th, and how much its moral was weakened. Thus 
ended the 17th. 

.Battle of the 13th of June.— *At break of day the 
Prussian ajemy was put in motion. The 4th, and 
5th corps of the army marched by St. Lambert, 
where they were to take a covered position in the 
forest situate^ near Frichemont, to take the ene- 
my in the rear, when the occasion should be fa- 
vorable for it. The 1st corps was to operate by 
Ohain, upon the right flank of the enemy. The 3d 
corps was to follow slowly, to furnish assistance in 
case of necessity. The battle commenced at about 
10 o'clock in the morning. The English army oc- 
cupied the heights of mount St. John, the French 
was upon the heights of Planchenort. The first 
Iras about 80,000 strong, the enemy exceeded 
130,000. In a short time the battle became gene- 
ral through the whole line. It appeared that Na- 
poleon had the design of throwing back the left 
wing upon the centre, and of thus effecting a sepa- 
ration of the English army from the Prussians 
which he thought was in retreat upon Maestricht. 
For this purpose he had placed the greatest part 
of his reserve in the centre against his right wing, 
and at this point he attacked with fury. The En- 
glish army fought with bravery which it is impos- 
sible to surpass. The repeated charges of the old 
guard had no effect against the intrepidity of the 
Scotch regiments, and in every shock the' French 
cavalry was overthrown by the English cavalry, 

But the numerical superiority of the eneirry was 
too great. Napoleon was continually advancing 
considerable masses, and with whatever firmness 
the English maintained their position, efforts so 
extraordinary must have a termination. 

It was half past 4 o'clock. Excessive difficul- 



ties which the passage of the defile of St. Lambert 
occasioned, had considerably retarded the march 
of the Prussians columns, so that only two brigades 
of the 4th corps of the army had arrived at the co- 
vered position which had been assigned to them. 
The decisive moment had arrived, and there was 
not an instant to be lost. The general^ did not 
suffer it to escape. They resolved to attack im- 
mediately with the troops that had arrived at their 
destination. Consequently general Bulow with 
two brigades and a corps of cavalry advanced ra- 
pidly upon the rear of the right wing of the enemy; 
The enemy did not lose his presence of mind; lie 
immediately turned his reserve against us, and a 
murderous conflict commenced also at this point. 
For a long time the battle was uncertain, and the 
struggle with the English army continued with no 
less violence. 

About 6 o'clock we received intelligence that 
general Thieleman with the 3d corps of the army 
was attacked near Wavre by a very considerable 
corps of the enemy, and that the possession of the 
town was already disputed. The field marshal did 
not suffer this news to trouble him. It was on this 
spot, and no where else, that the affair was to be 
decided. A struggle kept up with a constantly 
equal animosity, and always supported by new 
troops, could alone secure victory, and if it **as 
gained here, every disadvantage whatever near 
Wavre would be of little importance. Conse- 
quently all the columns continued their move- 
ments. 

It was half past 7, and the issue of the battle 
was yet uncertain. All the 4th corps of the army 
and a part of the 2d corps under general Pitch had 
arrived in succession. The French troops fought 
to desperation; meantime some irregularity was 
perceived in their movements, and it was remark- 
ed that several pieces of cannon were on the retreat; 
At this moment the first columns of the corps of 
general Ziethen arrived at their points of attack 
near the village of Smouhen, on the right flank of 
the enemy, and immediately charged. This move- 
ment decided the fate of the enemy. His right 
wing was penetrated in all parts, and it abandoned 
its positions. Our troops sprung forward with a 
charging step, and assailed them on every part, 
while the whole English line moved in advance. 

Circumstances were extremely % favorable for 
the attack made by the Prussian army. The 
ground was in form of an amphitheatre, so that the 
artillery could freely extend its fire from behind a 
number of heights, gradually disposed above one 
another, thro' the intervals of which, the troops 
descended into the plain, formed in brigades, and 
in the greatest order; while new corps were con- 
tinually unfolding, as they came from the forest 
behind us. The enemy preserved the means of re- 
treat until the village of Planchenort in its rear, 
which was defended by the guard, was taken by 
assault, after many very bloody attacks. From that 
time the retreat became a rout, which soon com- 
municated to the whole French army,- which in its 
frightful confusion, -hurled along every thing that 
attempted to stop it, and could not be distinguish- 
ed from the flight of an army of savages. 

It was then half past nine o'clock. The field 
marshal assembled all the superior officers, and 
gave them orders to put the 'last man and the 
last horse, on the pursuit of the enemy. The 
head ~of the army accelerated its march. The 
French army pursued, without relaxation, was abso« 
lutely disorganized. The highway has the aspect of 
an immense shipwreck. It was covered with an in- 
calculable number of cannon fl eagsipns, carriages 



£2 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 18% 



feagSage, anm rnd wrecks of ever}* kind. These of 
the enemy who wished to repose a short time, and 
yho had "not expected so prompt a pursuit, were 
chased again from their new bivouaoks. In some 
villages" they attempted to rest, but as soon as they 
heard th.4 noise ox the drum or the sound of the 
trumpet, they hastened away, or threw themselves 
into houses." There was a bright moon, which 
greatly favored the pursuit, for the whole inarch was 
luit a continual chase given the fugitives, either in 
the fields or in the houses. 

At Geriappe the enemy was entrenched with can- 
non and overturned chariots. On our approach, 
we heard all at once, in the town, a great noise, and 
movement of carriages, At the entrance we were 
received by a brisk fire of musquetry. We replied 
fay a few discharges of cannon, followed by a hurrah, 
and an instant afler the town was ours. It was there 
that among' many Other equipages, the carriage of 
Napoleon was taken, which die had just quitted to 
mount his horse; in which, such was his precipita- 
te ••>, th \t he lost his sword and his hat. The affairs 
lasted in this manner until break of day. Nearly 
40,000 men in the greatest rout, the remnant of the 
whole army, escaped sate by Charleroy, part with- 
out arms, carrying' with them only 27 pieces of 
their numerous artillery. 

The enemy passed in his flight, his fortified 
places, the only defence of his frontier, which are 
now in possession of our arms. 

At 3 o'clock, Napoleon had sent off from the 
field of battle a courier for Paris, with the news 
that victory was beyond doubt. Some hours after, 
he was without an army. We have not aij exact 
knowledge of the loss of the enemy. It is sufficient 
to know, that two-thirds of this army are killed, 
wounded or prisoners. Qf the number of the last 
;irc generals Duhesme, Montou and Compans. At 
this moment about 30Q cannon, and 500 caissons 
are in our power. 

Few victories have been so complete; and surely 
there is no example of an army, two days after 
having lost a battle, having engaged in such a con-, 
iliet and so gloriously sustained it. Honor to the 
troops capable of so ijiuch constancy and valor! In 
the midst of the position occupied by the French 
army, and upon the very height is a farm called La 
Hdle Alliance. The march of all the Prussians co 
|«uns was directed upon that farm, which could be 
y. en from all sides It was there that Napoleon 
w -, during 1 the battle; it was there that he gavehds 
order.-, tia,t he flattered himself with victory; and 
[t •■ •..'-> there that his fall was decided. It was there 
coo, that in the dark, and by a happy chance, 
field marshal lyncher and the duke of Wellington 
met, and saluted each oilier as conquerors. 

In commemoration, of the alliance which this 
day exists between the English and Prussian na- 
tions, of the union of the two armies and their re- 
ciprocal confidence, the field marshal has desired 
that this battle may bear the name of La Belle Jllli- 
v,nc, the happy alliance. 

By order of field, marshal Blucher. 

CEN. GENISENEAU, 

From the London Public Ledger. 
Covouess M vxt:n'va. — The " New French offi- 
cial Gazette/* elated Wednesday the 19th of July, 
is filled to the extent of 20 pages, with the acts of 
the congress of Vienna, It begins by stating, that 
the powers who have signed the treaty concluded at 
P^ris, May "'), 18,14, in conformity with the 32d ar- 
ticle of that act, with the princes and states of their 
Blttes, in order to, complete the. depositions of the 



said treaty, and to add the arrangements necessary 
by the state in which Europe remained at the con- 
clusion of the late war, and desiring to compre- 
hend in one common transaction, the different re- 
sults of their negociations, and to give effect to 
them by their reciprocal ratifications, have author- 
ised their plenipotentiaries to hi a general instru- 
ment the dispositions of greater and more perma- 
nent interest and to join to that act as integral 
parts of the arrangement of congress the treaties, 
conventions, declarations and other particular 
acts, such as they are found cited in the present 
treaty. 

There then follows the names and titles of the 
plenipotentiaries. 

The first article relates to the annexation of the 
duohy of Varsovia to the empire of Russia. This, 
duchy, with the exception of provinces and dis^ 
tricts otherwise disposed of, is irrevocably to be 
possessed by the emperor of all the Russias, who 
is to join to his other titles that of king of Poland, 
and the Polonese subjects of Russia, Austria and 
Prussia, are to be represented in the national insti- 
tution. 

The 2d article refers to the limits of the grand 
duchy of Posen, and describes the line of territory 
which shall be under the sovereignty of the king of 
Prussia. 

The 3d article relates to the salt mines of Wic- 
liezka, which the emperor of Russia is to have the 
full property of. 

The 4th article settles the houndaries between 
Gallicia and the Russian territories. 

By the 5th article the emperor of Russia re- 
stores the circles of Tarnopol to the emperor of 
Austria. 

The 6th declares Cracovia a free city. 
The 7th limits the territories of Cracovia. 
The 8th grants the privileges of free commerce 
to Podgarza. 

The 9th guarantees the neutrality of Cracovia. 
The 10th relates to the constitution of the aca- 
demy and bishospric of Cracovia, 
The 11th grants a general amnesty. 
The 12th, in conformity with the preceding arti v 
cle, declares that all sequestrations shall be taken 
off, and that all proceedings against persons for po- 
litical acts shall be null and void. 

fhe 13th contains an exception where definitive 
sentences upon appeal have been announced. 

The 14th provides for the free navigation of the 
canals and rivers, throughout the whole extent of 
ancient Poland. 

The 15th refers to the cession of Saxony to Prus- 
sia; these appear to be very considerable. 

The 16th settles the titles which have been as- 
sumed by the king of Prussia, who is to add to his 
titles those of the duke of Saxony, Landgrave of 
Thuringen, Margrave of the two Lusatias, and 
count qf Heneberg. The king of Saxony is to con- 
tinue the title of Upper Lusatia; and, eventually, 
some other titles. 

The 17th contains an express guarantee, on the 
part of Russia, Great Britian and France, of all 
the cessions to the king of Prussia in full sover- 
eignty, 

Jiytiie 18th Austria renounces the rights of so- 
vereignty over Lusatia- 

The 19th contains, on the part of the king of 
Prussia and the king of Saxony, a reciprocal re- 
nunciation of feudal rigid*. 

The. 20th allows the liberty of emigration to per- 
sons, and the exportation of their property. 
The 2;»t guarantees religious establishments* 



NILES* WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



23 



ind establishments for public intruction, In the 
districts ceded by Saxony. 

P'The 22d grants a general amnesty to the sub- 
jects of the king of Saxony. 

The 23d designates the "provinces of which Prus- 
sia is to have possession. The enumeration ex- 
tends to some length. 

The 24th and 25th describe the territory to be 
enjoyed by Prussia on the banks of the Rhine. 

By the 26th the title of king of Hanover is con- 
firmed to the king of Great Britain. 

The 27th relates to the cessions of Prussia to 
Hanover. 

The 28th is a renunciation on the part of Prus- 
sia to the chapter of St. Pierre-a-Nxrten. 

The 29th specifies the cessions of the king of 
Great Britain and Hanover to the king of Prussia 
of a part of the duchy of Lauenbourg. 
I- The 30th provides for the free navigation of the 
commerce of the port of Embden. 

The 31st delineates the military routes through 
the territories of Prussia and the king of Hanover. 

The 32d merely contains minor regulations re- 
specting the bailiwick of Meppen. 

The 33d refers to the cessions to be made to the 
duke of Oldenburgh. 

The 34th gives the title of grand duke of Olden- 
burgh to the duke of Holstein Oldenburgh. 

The 35th and 36th settle the titles of the grand 
dukes of Mecklenburgh, Schwerin and Strelitz, and 
the grand duke of Saxe Wiemar. 

The 37th specifies the cessions to be made to 
the grand duke of Saxe Wiemar. 

The 38th and 39th relate to the same object. 

The 40th provides for the cessions of the ancient 
department of Fulda. 

The 41st has merely reference to the preceding 
article. 

The 42d conveys the city of Wetzlar in full so- 
vereignty to the king of Prussia. 

T3ie 43d contains arrangements respecting the 
ancient circle of Westphalia. 

The 44th and 45th contain a disposition relative 
to the grand duchy of Wurtzburg and the princi- 
pality of Asschaffenburgh, in favor of Bavaria^ and 
the establishment of the prince primate. 

By the 46th, it js declared that the city of Frank 
fort shall be a. free city, and form part of the Ger 
manic league. 

The 47th grants indemnities to the grand/duke 
of Hesse. 

Then follow a variety of articles relative to the 
Germanic confederation — the regulation with res 
pect to election-^the mode of collecting votes — 
the residence of the diet of Frankfort— the forma- 
tion of fundamental laws — the maintenance of 
peace in Germany — these extend to, and include 
the 64th article; there are then a variety of arti- 
cles respecting the limits of the Netherlands, and 
the grand duchy of Luxemburgh— the duchy of 
Bouillon, and the cessions to the house of Nas- 
sau, in Germany, and the union of the Belgic pro- 
yinces. 

At the 74th article commences the regulations 
relative to the affairs of Switzerland. 

The 77th provides for the rights of the inhabi- 
tants of the principality of Berne; they are to enjoy 
the same politipal and civil rights they formerly 
possessed. 

The 79th relates to the arrangements between 
prance and Geneva. 

The 80th refers to the cessions of the king of Sar- 
dinia to the canton of Geneva. 

There is then in the 83d article, an arra.ngem.ent 
?slatiYs to the f^rnds placed in, ©ugland.* 



The 85' h describes the limits of the estates of the 
king of Sardinia. 

The 87M) gives the king of Sardinia the title of 
the king of Geneva. 

The next material article is the 93d, which re- 
stores the ancient Austrian possessions, including 
all the territory which had been ceded by Austria 
by former treaties; and then there is an enumera- 
tion of the territories so restored. 

The 96th provides for the navigation cf the Po. 
There then follow a variety of arrangements which 
our limits do not allow us* to state. 

The 105th and following articles relate to the 
affairs of Portugal. The restitution of Olivenza 
and other restitutions on the part of the prince re- 
gent of Portugal. These arrangements are con- 
tinued and detailed with a minuteness which we 
find it impossible to follow, on account of our cir- 
cumscribed space. 

By the 119th article, all the powers assembled at 
congress, as well as the princes and free cities who 
have concurred in the arrangements, are invited to 
accede to it. 

The 20th article referring to this treaty being in 
the French language, provides that it shall not be a 
precedent for subsequent treaties or negociations, 
being in a language different from what they for- 
merly used to be. 

The 21st article provides that the ratifications of 
the treaty shall be exchanged within six months, and 
by the court of Portugal in a year if possible. The 
treaty is to be deposited at Vienna, among the ar- 
chives of the court and state of his imperial and apos- 
tolic majesty, in order that it maybe referred to by 
any of the courts of Europe who may wish to con- 
sult the original text. It 'is dated Vienna, the 9th 
June, 1815, and then follow the signatures of the 
plenipotentiaries. 

G^The above but faintly describes the cuttings 
of the "illustrious" carvers. The people in gene- 
ral will not be able to comprehend their extent un- 
til we get a ne-j) map of Europe, to compare with 
that we have at present — then shall we see the 
moderation of the "legitimates" and their respect 
forthe sovereignty of nations. — Some supplementary 
articles may be expected, affecting France. 

FROM LATE ENGLISH PAPERS. 

GERMAN ACT OF CONFEDERATION. 

Art. 1. The sovereign princes and free cities of- 
Germany, including there majesties the emperor of 
Austria and the kings of Prussia, Denmark, and the 
Netherlands, namely the emperor of Austria and the 
king of Prussia, for those of their possessions which 
formerly belonged to the German empire, the king 
of Denmark for Holstein, the king of the Nether- 
lands for the grand Duchy of Luxembu g, unite 
themselves into a perpetual league, which shall be 
called the German confederation, 

II- The object thereof is the maintenance of the 
internal and external securhy of Germany, and of 
the independence and inviolability of the different 
German states. 

III. The members of the confederation have, as 
such, equal rights: they bind themselves, all equally 
to maintain the act of confederation. 

IV. The affairs of the confederation shall be mana,- 
ged by a general assembly, in which all the mem*- 
bers of the confederation shall be represented by 
their plenipotentiaries, who shall each h:ve one vote 
either severally, or as representing more than one 
member as follows: 

Austria 1, Prussia 1, Bavaria 1, Saxony 1, Han r 

over 1, Wurtemburg 1, Baden 1, Electorate of Hesse 

1, Grand Duchy of Hesse 1, Denmark for Holstein, 1, 

the Netherlands fyx ktuemhurg 1, the grand Due.d 



24 KILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER @, 



.'wD -c-.l > .1x0:1 bonus 1, Brunswick and Nassau, c ■ ontinuc 



1, Mecklenbm*g Schwerin and Mecklenburg Strc- 
litz 1, Holstcin, Oldenburg", Anstcin, Reuss, Shaum- 
I :. I ippe, and AVaideck 1, the free cities Frank - 
\ -.. Lubeck, Bremen and Hamburg 1, total seven- 
icon votes. 

V. Austria has the presidency in the diet of the 
in; every member of the league is em- 
powered to make propositions, and bring them under 
discussion; and the presiding- member is bound to 
submit such proposition for deliberation within a 
fixed period. 

A' I . When these propositions relate to the abolition 
or altection of the fundamental laws of the confed- 
eration, or to regulations relating' to the act of con- 
federation in itself, then the diet forms itself into a 
full committee, when the different component mem- 
bers shall -have the following- votes proportioned to 
ihe extent of their territories: 

Austria. Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, Hanover, and 
"Wurtemburg- four votes each; Baden, Electorate of 
Hesse, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Holstcin, and Luxem- 
burg-, 3 votes each; Brunswick, Mecklenburg*-Sehwc- 
rin and Nassau 2 votes each; Saxe Weimar, and a 
great number of minor German princes, with the 
free towns, 1 vote each; total 69 votes. 

Yil. Questions in the diet shall be decided by 
a simple m;jority of the votes on the ordinary occa- 
sions, the president to have the casting- votes; but 
when in full committee, the question must be decid 
ed by a majority of at least three fourths. 

VIII. The diet of the confederation has its sitting 
nt Frankfort on the Maine; its opening- is fixed for 
the 1st of September, 1813. 

IX. The first business of the diet, after its opening, 
will be the formation of the organic regulations of 
the confederation, in regard to its, external, milita- 
ry, and internal relations. 

X. Every member of the confederation engages 
to assist "in protecting not only all Germany, but 
every separate state of the league against any at- 
tack*, and reciprocally to guarantee to each other 
the whole of their possessions, included within the 
confederation. 

After war has been once declared by the confed 
eration, no member can enter ^nto separate negoci 
utions With the enemy nor conclude a separate ar- 
mistice or peace 

Although the members possess the right of alliance 
of everv kind, yet they bind themselves to entei 
into no treaties hostile to the security of the con 
federation or that of any confederate state. 

The members of the league also bind themselves 
not to make war on each other under any pretext, 
nor to decide their differences by force, but to bring 
them under the consideartion and decision of the 
diet. 

Beddcsthe preceding articles, there are a variety 
pf others relating to the internal regulation of 
German'/, of which the following are the most 
interesting. — 

XIII. In all the states of the confederation a con- 
stitutional assembly of the states general shall be 
established. 

XVI. Diversity of Christian religious faith, in the 
States of the German confederation, can occasion 
no difference in respect to, the enjoyment of civil 
land political rights. 

The diet will take into consideration in what way 
the civil amelioration of the professors of the Jewish 
religion may best be effected; and how the enjoy- 
ment of all civil rights in return for the perform- 
ance of all civil duties may be most effectually se- 
cured to them in the state's of the Confederation; in 
t).e mean tjnie the professors of this faith shall j 



the rights already extended to 



them. 

XYIiL The confedcrative princes and free cities, 
agree to secure to the subjects of their Confederate 
states the following rights. — 

a The possession of landed property out of the 
tate in which they reside, without being- subjected 
to greater taxes or charges than those of the native 
subjects of such state. 

b. The right of free emigration from one Ger- 
man Confederate state to another, which shall 
consent to receive them for subjects; and also the 
right of entering into the civil or military service 
of any such confederate state; both rights, however^ 
to be enjoyed only in so far as no previous obligation 
to military service in their native country shall stand, 
in the way. 

c. The diet en its first meeting shall occupy 
itself with the formation of some uniform regulation's 
relative to the freedom of the press, and the securing- 
of the rights of authors and publishers against 
oppressors. 

XIX. The members of the confederation also 
engag-c a on the first meeting of the diet, to take into- 
consideration the state of commerce and intercourse 
between the different states of the confederation 
as well as that of navigation, on the principles adopt- 
ed by the congress of Vienna. 

The above act Was concluded* 
Vienna, on the 8th of June, 1815, 



Boxafakte. The master of a vessel; arrived at 
New-York, was informed by the captain of a British 
frigate in the English channel, just from Plymouth, 
that Bonaparte and one of the principal persons of Ids. 
suite, had been landed from the Bellerophon and 
sent up to London, under a strong military escort— 
and is probably lodged in the tower, where some 
of the rooms had been elegantly fitted up. 

Bonaparte's effects. Previous to, Bonaparte's de- 
parture for Rochefort, lie demanded permission to 
carry with him 2200 volumes of the library of Tri- 
anon, together with the superb Egyptian manu- 
scripts of Denon, and the Greek iconography of M. 
Visconti. He was allowed to take them and at- 
tended in person to their packing; and was said 
to be particularly careftil of those which treated on. 
American subjects. 

His effects were transported in six waggons; two 
of them said to be loaded with gold and silver 
specie, and plate. The Paris papers affirm that he 
created a million of annuities to raise the money 
for the expedition, 

a case i*r roixT. Frpni the Democratic Press. — Fre-. 
quent enquiry has been made, what should be done 
with Bonaparte? His surrender to one of the allies 
is supposed by some writers to put him at the 
mercy of the whole bodv. I have m recollection 
that lord Rawdon had ordered the execution ojf 
colonel Haines at Charleston for a breach of parole. 
The truth in that case was, that there was no 
breach of parole; yet colonel Haines was executed, 
notwithstanding the intercessions of a vast number 
of ladies and gentlemen. 

Congress ordered, that if ever lord Rawdon, now 
earl Moira, governor general of India, should fall 
into their power, he should be given up to the 
inaurchee for execution upon being identified. 

Rawdon was captured in an English frigate by 
the fleet under the command of commodore de 
Grass e and brought by that fleet into the Chesa- 
peake, at the time that a combined attack was about 
to be made upon lord Cornwailis, at York and Glou- 
cester. 

As soon as it was known at the lines that Raw- 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



don captured, general "Washington demanded of 
.the French navy to deliver him up to him for execu- 
i ion. A delay took place of a few hours, in which 
time lord Raw don was sent oft' for France, and the 
humanity of De Grasse saved his life, for Washing- 
ton claimed the victim for a just retaliation. 

Allied powers as France and America were at 
tiiat period, yet France screened Kawdon from a 
public execution— mow, shall then Britain give up 
iionaparte to her allies. - 

An Old Revolutionary Soldier. 

The state of France r --*-The London ministerial pa- 
pers already grumble at Louis, because he has not 
yet hungup some of the jacobins and rebels. It does 
not certainly appear that any distinguished charac- 
ter had' been even arrested as late as the 25th of Ju- 
ly. These papers say that the ministry of the inte- 
rior had been twice offered to Carnot and twice 
refused. Ney and Soidt have gone to their country 
houses. Talleyrand is prime minister, and F©uche 
lias one of the most important posts in the realm, 
it observes "the selectirm of the ministers is the tri- 
umph cf jacobinism." 

The Prussians are busy in packing up the articles 
3ate m the French museum, that Bonaparte brought 
from their country as the spoils of war. The car- 
rying off of these monuments of the arts was called 
barbarous — what shall we say of those who wanton- 
ly destroy them? 

The Prussians, at Paris, would appear to be al- 
most as gothic as the British at Washington and 
Alexandria. We have already noticed their contri- 
butions— -but about the lQth of July they had pre- 
pared to blow up the magnificent bridge which 
Iionaparte had caused to be built, and called Jena, 
though the king has changed its name! Every thing 
was prepared for the purpose— they resisted all 
the influence of Wellington and others of the "most 
august;" but the presence of the emperor Alexan- 
der, at 11 at night, saved the structure. But the 
Prussians were more excusable for their attempt 
to destroy this bridge, than the British were to 
burn our Capitol. 

The London Courier of July 19, says — "We are 
happy to find that the emperor of Russia has nam- 
ed one of his officers to be governor of Lorraine — 
[Louis XVIIl being king of France!] This is symp- 
tomatic, we trust, of the separation p.f that, as well 
as other provinces from France. We should be 
glad to see Austria* appoint a governor of Aisace. 

Three acts of justice are expected from the 
hands of the allied sovereigns; or the blood and 
treasures of their subjects will have flowed in 
vain. 

1. The punishment of Bonaparte. 

2. The payment by France of all the expences 
of the war, together With the surrender of all the 
works of art and science wjhich she has pillaged 
from other countries; and 

Sdly. The diminution of her territorial powers to 
such a point as shall render it impracticable for her 
to carry into effect those designs which she has 
and always will have at heart, of attacking the in- 
dependence and security of other nations' 

Di&bandment of free corps, &c. Louis, by the 
grace pf God, &c. issued an ordinance to-day, of 
the following purport: the battalions of national 
guards d'elite raised in the several departments 
since the 20th March, 1815, shall be disbanded. 

The conscripts of 1815, shall in like manner re- 
turn to their homes, &c. 



*This lias been done— baron de Hesse has been 
appointed—and Louis is king of France! 



All the free corps shall be disbanded. All comV 
manders, officers and soldiers, of these corps, shall 
retire to their homes. 

OjTDisarmixg- the people. In recommending to 
the mayors of the department of Isere, the strict 
execution of the decree of departmental commis- 
sion which ordain;* the disarming of all the com. 
munes, M. Handon de Saint-Marcel, commissary- 
general of police, add 9 the following instruction: 

"Fowling-pieces do not appear as comprised in 
the general disposition of the first article; never- 
theless you will take them away from the inhabi- 
tants' of your commune whom 1 shall particularly 
designate at the foot of the present." — Journal de 
Paris. 

The fortifications about Paris, are already demo- 
lished. There is a report that 150,000 Jhissians are 
to remain in France to civilize its population. 

There are good reasons to believe, from what we 
see in the British papers, that France will be parti- 
tioned. Alsace and Lorraine seem determined to 
be taken from her. It is probable, also, that they 
will be completely divest the country of all its mi 
litary stores, arms, &c. 

A letter from a distinguished American officer 
now in London, has the following pointed para- 
graph— 

"The rumors from France are contradictory; one 
moment they are without an army, and then they 
are in great force on the Loire: but there is one 
thing certain, they are playing the devil in Paris by 
contribution, &.c. &c. Such conduct will only ex- 
asperate the rest of the nation to hold out the- 
longer, for Paris was given up under a convention 
that the allies were not to enter it, yet they have 
done so, and quartered the soldiers in every house.. 
What would any nation think of a king who would 
suffer a foreign general to lay contributions on the 
inhabitants of his capital, and he residing in it &-:• 
the same time, which has been the case with Blu 
cher at the head of the Prussians; this convince? 
me that the English had but a secondary hand in 
marching to Paris, and that the Prussians, not the 
British, as it was stated here, drove the French ar- 
my before them through France." 

The latter opinion seems supported by a. host of 
testimqny, and the fact appears clear, that Welling- 
ton's army would have been annihilated but for the 
timely arrival of the Prussian force, on the even- 
ing of the 18th. 

Contributions. The following may serve as a spe- 
cimen of the proof of the fact that "the allies made 
war only against Bonaparte! 

"A contribution of four millions lias astonished 
the department of the Upper Rhine: it must be 
completely discharged by the end of this month 
(July.) Besides these payments^ its commerce is 
assessed for 360,000 francs, under penalty of 4000 
francs for every dav of its postponement; Mulhouse 
for 100,000, and Colnear for 280,000 francs. Every 
inhabitant of Mont-Blanc must pay an extraordina- 
ry assessment of 60 centimes per franc of their 
contributions to defray the various purposes of the 
army, &e.» 

The allied armies in France were estimated at 
700,000 men, and more were yet entering. They 
arc levying immense contributions in every part they 
had reached — treating it in every respect as a co?i- 
queretf country. And, indeed, so it i* — Is it possible 
that Louis is its sovereign, in his capital, while fo- 
reigners are levying contributions upon it? Pshaw ! 
Louis is the slave and creature of the allies, and 
not the king of France. 

Fiu'-edom of the press. From the Journal deP& 



26 NILBS' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1815. 

vis of Julv 24. A journal gives an imperfect list of that those of the proscribed, who had the good luck 



editors of newspapers, who have 



the responsive cauors ui ucwot»«i#***, ; ; 

inst been appointed bv his excellency the minister 
of police. They are Messrs. Couchery, of the 
Journal ties Debats; Manuel* of the Journal de Pa- 
ris; Cheron, of the Gazette de France; Mutin, of 
the Quotidienne; Anger, of the Journal General de 
France; Jav, of the Independant; Arnault, of the 
Ari&arqw;' Peuchet* of the Journal du Commerce; 
Davrieny, of the Journal des Campagnes, and the 
Jfarrateur; Pellence, of the Nain-Jaune, A'ain-Vert, 
the Journal des Dames and the Censeur des Censeurs; 
m short, the most petty hand-bills must have an editor 
an vwcrubk for their contents. 

There was a great deal more fighting in France 
after the battle" of Waterloo than was expected— 
but the details are now uninteresting. For tlie sub- 
juration of the country seems complete, and the 
"deliverers" are destroving the substance of France. 
Some fortified places, "however, were yet besieged 
bv the Austrians, about the 20th of July. An ar- 
ticle from Geneva, dated July 16, says— "Many ve- 
hicles with wounded arrive at Basle. The passage 
of troops are repeated every day without intermis- 
sion; 60,000 Austrians and 18,000 Russians are ap- 
proaching, destined to reinforce the army of Alsace, 
reduced by frequent combats. The Rhine swelled 
bv copious 'rains, has broken up the bridge of boats 
at Rhinweiler, an event that has thrown back near- 
ly to one point the troops who are to cross the 
river. . '_£.': 

Marshal jYey is considered by many in France to 
have played a traitor's part in the battle of Water- 
loo. We have published his account of that memor- 
able affair— the following, from the Journal de Fa- 
■ ris, has reference to it: 

"A letter inserted in the Oracle of Bruxeiles, 
contradicts some assertions in that which was ad- 
dressed some time ago by marshal Ney to the duke 
of Otranto. — — The marshal affirms in this letter 
that he was without money to commence the 

campaign. The correspondent of the Oracle 

says, on the contrary, that a small pocket book 
found with the horse of marshal Ney at Mount St. 
John, mentions thirty-seven thousand francs receiv- 
ed some days before by this general, for the extra- 
ordinary charges of war. The poor man!" 

A Vienna paper informs, that the courts of Ma- 
drid and Naples have demanded some diamonds 
and other valuable effects of the wife of Marat, 
a prisoner at Trieste; and that the Austrian court 
has given orders to examine her abode, and make 
out an inventory of the articles therein. 

The emperor Alexander has presented two 
swords, supposed to be the richest and the most 
splendid ever seen, to the duke of Wellington and 
prince Blucher. 

The Monitcur contains aletter to the editor from 
general Alix, in which he says "the report of mar- 
shal Grouchy contains an error which affects me; 
and which I hasten to rectify: I ioas not killed at the 
attack of Wavre; I was not even there!" 

A letter from Bordeaux has the following re- 
jnark :— On the 8th, the Bourbon family, carried on 
tfic sluelds of stranger?, have re-entered the metro- 
polis. 

The Spanish patriots. — We learn, in a London pa- 
per, that many Spaniards, illustrious for their ex- 
ertions in support of their country, which having 
rescued, they were forced to abandon to save their 
jives, from the "legitimate" fool they put on the 
throne, are in London, in great want. It appears 



"It is stated that these have refused the royal 
bounty, rejecting their appointments. 



to reach France, were liberally provided for by Bo- 
naparte; the man that they sogallantly opposed. 

The Dublin Evening Post reprobates the duplici- 
ty of the allies, who declared at Vienna, that they 
only made war on Bonaparte and meant not to im- 
pose a ruler on France, but under the walls of Paris, 
their generals inform the deputies of the provision- 
al government, "that all the sovereigns had engaged 
to replace Louis XVIII. on the throne of France." 

Gold. There are many reasons to believe that 
Castlereagh contributed as much to the defeat of 
Napoleon at Waterloo by gold, as Wellington did by 
steel. It is thought that some in whom he most 
confided, were purchased; which is likely enough. 
The Austrian force that entered France under 
Swartzenburg, was about 100,000 strong. 

Among the wonderful things of the day, we learn 
by a London paper of July 24, that there was a per- 
son in that city who left France about a month be- 
fore, who insists that he is the real dauphin of 
France, supposed to have died in the temple in the 
early part of the revolution. He requested an in- 
terview with the duchess d'Angouleme, but she re- 
fused it. Be the fact as it may, she had rather, 
perhaps, be the wife than the sister of a king. 

Cuirassiers. — As the cuirassiers of the imperial 
guards are often mentioned in French bulletins, we 
presume the following brief description of their ar- 
mour, size, and character, which we copy from a 
late London paper, will not be unacceptable to our 
readers. — J\f. Y. Com. Adv. 

#The cuirassiers of the French imperial guards, 
are all arrayed in armour, the front cuirass in the 
form of a pigeon's breast, so as to effectually turn 
off a musket shot, though fired ever so near, owing 
to its being kept so bright; the back cuirass is made 
to fit the back; they weigh from nine to eleven lbs, 
each, according to the size of the man, and are stuf- 
fed inside with a pad; they fit on by a kind of fish- 
scaled clasp, and are^mt off and on in an instant; 
they have helmets the same as our horse guards, 
and straight long swords and pistols, but no cara- 
bines; and if there is a good horse to be found they 
are sure to have him. They are all chosen men, 
must be five feet seven French, (above six feet Eng- 
lish) have served in three campaigns, twelve years 
in the service, and of good character," 

A number of anecdotes are published in the Lon- 
don papers to shew that Bonaparte was very mi- 
nutely informed of the condition and force of the 
British army near Waterloo, and that he calculated 
upon a complete victory, and immediately after ex- 
pected, to enter Brussels, where, they say prepara- 
tions were actually made for his reception. They 
also publish the following proclamation which the 
Prussian hussars got wet from the press : 
Proclamation to the Belgians and the inhabitants oftJte 
left Bank of the Rhine. 
f'The ephemera! successes of my enemies have 
detached you for a moment from my empire. In my 
exile upon a rock in the sea, I heard your complaints. 
The God of battles has decided the fate of your 
beautiful provinces ; Napoleon is among you ; you 
are worthy to be Frenchmen; rise in a mass, join 
my invincible phalanxes to exterminate the remain- 
der of these barbarians, who are your enemies and 
mine ; they fly with rage and despair in their hearts, 
" At the imperial palace of Lacken, June 17, 1815. 

(Signed) " NAPOLEON. 

*' By the Emperor, the major-general of the army. 

"Count RERTRAND." 
British loss. Wellington (says the Albany Argus) 
states the total loss of British killed, wounded and 
jaisBJng, in t^e tpjtyp of th.e Jtftii, I7tjj, w$ l&k 



MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



27 



June, at 8,458. We find the British force stated, , widow of Patm, and endeavoring- by every means to 
before the actions, at 46,500 men, including the Gc:r- J diffuse an interest in his memory. Some of those 
man leg-ion; hence the loss was about 2 to every 11. j individuals, disguised as Russian officers, or being 



The Hanoverians, Dutch, Belgians and Brunswick- I 
f ps which formed a part of Wellington's army; were ! 
stated at about 48,000. If, as is probable, the car- 
nage was as great among the auxiliary troops as in 
the British lines, his lordship's total loss must have 
exceededjirOOO. What the loss of the Prussians and 
other allies was we have not seen stated. 

Wisdom. The British transports which, to the 
number of 60, proceeded to Portugal for the pur- 
pose of conveying a Portuguese army to the Nether- 
lands, to act under the duke of 'Wellington, return- 
cd to England ; the Portuguese regency having re- 
fused to send their troops abroad to co-operate with 
the allies. 

Prince cPEckmuhl and the army. —In making known 
to the different corps of his army the address he had 
presented to the king through generals Haxo, Gerard 
and Valmv, marshal prince Eckmuhl (Davoust) has 
published the following order of the day : 
From Mead-quarters near Orleans, July 17, 1315. 

It is for you, soldiers, to complete this sub- 
mission by by your obedience; hoist the white flag 
and cockade. 

I require, I know it, a great sacrifice; we hold 
these colours after fiye-and^twenty yeai'3; but this 
sacrifice the interest of our country requires us to 
m ake. 

• Soldiers, I am incapable of giving you an order 
■which should not be founded on these sentiments, 
pr which should be foreign from honor. 

Last year, in like circumstances, the government 
of our country having changed, I had defended 
Hamburg and Haarburg to the last moment, in the 
name of Louis XVIII.; hearing then, as now, the 
(pterest of our country alone. 
)% All my compariots have applauded my conduct; 
a fine army lias been preserved to France, not a 
soldier has deserted his ranks, aware that he serves 
his country whatever government it may have, and 
that an army cannot be a deliberative body. 

Soldiers, adhere to the same conduct; defend our 
imfortunate country in the name of Louis XVIII.; 
that monarch and our countrymen will be grateful 
to us for it; we will make common cause with the 
fcrave Vendeans who have just given an affecting 
example in declaring that they will unite with us 
to combat the enemies of France; and you will 
besides have preserved to your country a numerous 
arid brave army, 

I expect of you the same spirit of discipline of 
which you have given proofs since your departure 
from Paris. 

The marshal commanding in chief the armies of 
the Loire and Pyrenees. 

Signed, prince d* Eckmuhl. 
Berthier. Munich, June 8. The tragical end 
of prince Alexander Berthier, allied by marriage to 
our royal house, excites here a great sensation.^r- 
whatever pains some may have taken to attribute 
this event either to an accidental cause or to a trans- 
port of despair, the public persist in beholding it a 
special and terrible aGt of vengeance. This is the 
explanation which they give. During' the last war 
against Austria, a book-seller of Erling, named 
Ifalm, had printed a pamphlet in which were repre- 
sented the disasters attending^ the movements of 
great armies. Marshal Berthier caused him to be 
arfested, he refused to give his author, and was 
§ hot by virtue of a military sentence. His relations 
fuid friends jhave since travelled all over England, 
tfe^f prth, and Russia, supplicating succor for the 



really in the Russian service, penetrated into the 
castle where the prince was detained upon his pa- 
role of honor. They threatened, according to one 
account, to carry him off as prisoner. According- 
to another report, they informed him that he was 
sentenced to be shot. In fine, it appears, that en- 
deavoring to escape from their fury, the prince 
fled to the highest story of the house. It is uncer- 
tain whether the prince threw himself out of the 
window, or whether those who pursued him preci- 
pitated him. The superior authorities, Russian as 
well as German, have instituted enquiries, the re- 
sult of which has not been given to the public. In 
the mean while, this melancholy catastrophe forms 
the subject of universal conversation. 

Prince Berthier, The Vienna Court Gazette of 
the 17th inst. gives some particulars respecting the 
death of marshal prince Berthier. Upon .hearing 
that Bonaparte had v confiscated his property, he ap- 
plied for passports at Bayreuth, Munich and Vien- 
na, to go to France, which were declined, but were 
granted to his wife. The confiscation of Ms estates 
seemed to have a great effect upon his mind. When 
a division of the allied troops had just passed 
through Bamberg, he fell from the window of the 
palace, 60 or 70 feet high. On enquiry, it appeared 
that his death was imputable only to accident. He 
had complained for some time of a head ache. His 
wife's carriage was waiting at the door, but the dust 
raised by the cavalry detained them some time from 
going out. He Went to an adjoining room to look 
out of the window, being high, he got on a chair, on 
which he is supposed to have lost his balance. He 
fell on a wall in front of the palace, and thence into 
the street, and was killed b}' the fall immediately. 
He was buried in the cathedral with all ceremony^ 
and his funeral was attended by two Russian regi- 
ments, and several general officers. His property 
in France is" stated at 80,000 francs per annum, be- 
sides money in the bank of England. 

Madrid June 2. The royal decree of May 29th, 
concerning' the restoration of the Jesuits, contains 
the following passage : — 

^ " Previous to recalling into my kingdom the so- 
ciety of Jesus, I resolved to enquire into, and I 
have discovered, the falsity of the criminal charges 
alleged against it by its rivals and enemies, who 
are likewise those of Jesus Christ. The religion of 
the Incarnate Word is a fundamental law of the 
Spanish monarchy, the law followed by my glorious 
predecessors, who merited by their virtue the title 
of Catholic. I have satisfied myself, that the real 
enemies of the altar and throne are they, who en- 
deavored to load with contempt, and dishonor by 
infamous calumnies the virtuous member of the so- 
ciety, and raise up against them so many persecu- 
tions," 

Paris, July 18. — Yesterday a considerable sum was 
paid on account of the contribution imposed on Paris. 
It was the produce of a distribution of the burthen 
on different classes of citizens. The notaries, it is 
said, paid 226,000 francs; the law agents, 300,000; 
the merchants, 600,000; the bankers 400,000; the 
exchange, agents, 500,000. Towards the reim- 
bursement of the money thus advanced, they are to 
receive municipal bonds, payable on the amount of 
the extraordinary contributions to be imposed on 
the proprietors of the capital. 

On the 6th inst. Grenoble was vigorously attacked 
by a column of 3000 Austrians and Piedmontaise, 
under th,e, orders of g"en. Siplengs. Af ter an actio:- 



£8 NILES 1 WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1815; 



of three hours duration an armistice was concluded 
which was to last to the 9th. % 

.r- 24.— The city of Orleans is assessed in a 
contribution of 5000,000 francs. 

It is asserted that commissaries of the Four great 
powers will be charged to watch Bonaparte during 
his whole life in whatever quarter of England he 
shall be detained, which is not yet determined. 

It had been reported that the Austrians had car- 
ried Befbrt bv storm after five bloody assaults. 
—But it appears that I.ecourbe and his gallant 
army still held the place on the 23d of July. Gen. 
I,, had defended the ground inch by inch; but upon 
hearing the events at Waterloo and the abdication 
of Napoleon, he proposed an armistice to prince 
Colloredo, which was accepted; the French army 
continued to occupy an entrenched camps under the 
walls, until they should receive orders from the 
new government. 

j u ly 29.— -The Hanseatic legion arrived at Brus- 
sels, has received orders from the duke of Welling- 
ton to continue its march for Paris. 

A war contribution of 250,000 francs has been 
imposed on the district of Fontainbleau. 

The persons belonging to Bonaparte's family, who 
had remained at Paris, were finally to leave the city, 
cither last fright or this morning. 

London July 25.— Yesterday a very orderly pro, 
cession of discharged sailors marched from below 
the bridge to the admiralty to request the atten- 
tion of tiie lords commissioners to some points 
which may add to the comforts of their situation, 
now that the king's service will not require them. 
They complain that numbers of JmericaQ and 
other foreign sailors are employed in our mer- 
chantmen. "English employment, they say, should 
be given to Englishmen, who are willing to work, 
and they request that some regulation may be a- 
dqptedrtri ensure the regular payment of their 
wages, as in the king's ships. They were in nam, 
her from one to three hundred, and one of them 
with a clarionet performed the office of musician 
to the partv, playing "God save the King," in 
which he was every now and then joined by their 
hen singers.— Their best speakers were conde- 
scendingly admitted to an audience. They were 
kindly informed that proper attention should be 
paid to their reasonable requests, and the party 
went away as happy as any tiling could possible 
have made them, except the capture of an enemy's 
ship after a well fought battle. 

House of Commons, July 2.— Thc'spcaker having 
taken the chair at the usual hour, a little bustle 
was created by the sudden appearance of lord 
Cochrane. His' lordship was proceeding towards 
the table for the purpose of taking the oaths and 
his seat on his re-election, unattendeclby any mem- 
bers when the speaker informed him, that accord- 
ing to the practice of the house, his lordship must 
h? introduced by two members. Lord Cochrane 
shortly afterwards complied with this form, his 
lordship going to the tabic between sir II. Mont- 
gomery and Mr. Tead. Having taken the oaths, 
bis lordship, agreeably to another form of the 
house, proceeded towards the speaker, whose cus- 
tom it is to shake hands wi'hf.vcry newly returned 
incmberjbuton this occasion no shaking of iiands took 
plrxe, his lordship contenting himself with a bow. 
Thursday, lord Cochrane gave notice that he 
would, on Tuesday next, move for the minutes and 
pi- cecdings on his trial, for the purpose of intitut- 
i a ult< rior pi occcdings against the chief justice of 
court of king's bench. 
Yesterday,, Thomas, Abbot Green, .esq. lately e- 
\ r-.t'i one of the sheriffs, paid bis fine of $Q0L and 



20 marks, to be excused serving in that omee. 
The lovd mayor has ordered summonses for j) 
common hall on Tuesday next, for the election o 
tAvo sheriffs in the room of John Idle, and T, A,., 
Green, csqrs. 

Five hundred houses have been destroyed by fire 
at Calcutta. 

The French prisoners at Dartmoor, on the late v 
change in France, struck the trj-coloured hag,, 

HORRORS OF THE GREAT BATTLES. 

Extracts of letters. .Brussels, June 25. — "We ar«, 
rived here two days after the battle, and took the, 
first moment to go upon the field. I do not think 
it possible for language to describe the horrors of 
the sight; thousands of men and horses lying on 
the ground in a state of putrefaction, and in every 
variety of shocking and mangled deformity. The 
peasantry (whose first object was stripping and 
plunder) were employed in burying and burning 
the bodies; but I am told that yet there are great 
numbers on the ground, and, of course, in a still 
more horrible state. It was at a farm which, from 
a singular coincidence, is called La Belle Alliance, 
that \he conflict was most severe; its situation is 
close to the road leading from Waterloo, to Na- 
mur, and about three English miles from the for- 
mer place. There the slaughter was inconceiva* 
bly great; and in a small wood adjoining-, the scene 
was so frightful that I could not remain, although 
I had viewed with comparative composure the thoiu 
sands that lay extended on the plains, the whole of 
winch consisted of corn fields, and mostly of rye, 
which at this time is five feet high, or more, but in 
the circumference qf some miles was not only let 
veiled, but put on the appearance of a sandy plain - 
covered with hills and heaps of the slain Yon will 
form some idea of the total loss, when I tell you 
that two days ago, the returns of wounded in Brus- 
sels only were said to be 23,000, and ever since the 
roads have been lined with waggon loads of mangj. 
led sufferers, many of whom have been lying ne-. 
glected or undiscovered in the standing corn. The 
head of the medical staff told me yesterday, that 
there are many more to arrive, whose wounds have) 
not yet been dressed, and it is confidently said that 
the grand total of killed and wounded on both 
sides, amounts to more than 70,000. 

London, Jidy 20. A private letter from Mons, un- 
der date of the 14th of tliis month, contains the 
following particulars: "It is only four days since 
ihe burning of the dead bodies with which the field 
of the battle of Mont Saint Jean was strewed.— 
Several thousand parts were put in requisition for 
this opcr-ton in the department of Jemappe. Af- 
ter the lapse of ten, twelve and even fifteen days, 
tii ere were found among the dead, carcases great 
numbers of the wounded, who, impelled by mad« 
ness or hunger, had cat of the bodies of the men 
and horses that surrounded them. I say madness^ 
because there were some of them that even then 
cried, in their dying agonies, vive Vempereur, as they 
were raised up "by the persons engaged in the re- 
moval." 

Of the. attachment of his followers, to Bonaparte^ 
the following anecdotes are cited:— 

"A favorite Mameluke, who was taken prisoner 
on the 18th, having heard of his master's decisive 
defeat, exclaimed, "then I shall never live to see 
his downfall"—with these words he opened his 
knife and cut-out his eyes. A French soldier, who 
(had j as I suffered the "amputation of an arm, actu- 
ated by a like spirit, requested that the limb should 
be given to him; when, taking it in his remaining 
hand, and brandishing it round his head, he ex.; 
'claimed, vive Vemp.ereur, vive. JBoiiapart^'- 



tflLfiS' WEEKLY REGISTER— WAR EVENTS. 



£3 



*br, matters belonging to the late toar with G. B. 

TiiE jjattxe irojfUMF.jfT. The committee of vi- 
gilance and safety of the city of Baltimore, have 
announced their plan of arrangement for a grand 
civil and military procession, to be formed on the 
12th inst. to proceed to lay the corner stone of a 
monument to be erected to the memory of the 
brave men who fell in defence of this city on the 
12th and 13th of September last, We shall pub- 
lish a full account of it, when it takes place. 

British force ix CaxaHa.. The follow paragraph 
from a London paper of July 17, may assist the 
discovery of an interesting fact — 

Lonrlon, July 17. 12,000 troops from Canada have 
arrived at Portsmouth, on board 52 transports.— 
These forming 14 battalions, will be soon followed 
hy seven others, making 18,000 men. 

(Xj^Other transports had previously arrived. Qie- 
nj— what was the greatest British force in Canada 
during the war? 

Plattsburg is fast recovering-, and with hand- 
some improvement, from the destruction of its 
buildings, caused in September last. 

Lieutenant John Gamble, late of the Essex frigate, 
who came passenger in the Oliver Ellsworth, arriv- 
ed at New- York, was captured at the Sandwich Isl- 
ands on the 19th of June, 1814, by the British ship 
of war Cherub, of 26 guns, having been left at the 
Marquesses by captain Porter, in charge of three 
ships. After remaining there live months, making 
preparations to depart, a mutiny took place amongst 

his men, in which lieutenant G, was wounded. 

The mutineers and prisoners of war succeeded in 
taking* the ship Seringapatam out of the bay. Two 
days after lieut. Gamble was attacked by the sa- 
vages, and lost midshipman William Feltus, and 3 
men, besides one dangerously wounded, 

Lieutenant Gamble afterwards burnt the ship 
Greenwich, g-ot out of the bay in the ship sir An- 
drew Hammond, and in a distressed state reached 
the Sandwich Islands, where he was! captured by 
the Cherub; and after remaining' on board that ship 
7 months, was set ashore at Rio Janeiro, where he 
remained 5 months, and then embarked on board 
the Swedish ship Good Hope, for Havre; and on the 
1st of August, in lat. 47, long. 18, was put on board 
the ship Oliver Ellsworth. Lieut. G. left at Rio, 
midshipman Clapp and 5 men. 

St. Louis, July 29. The commissioners have fin- 
ished treaties with all the Indians that assembled 
in a proper way at Portage des Sioux. It will pro- 
bably be the last of August before Mr. G. Kenner- 
ly arrives with the Indians high upon the Missouri 
and Mississippi. No doubt, however, of the utmost 
expedition. Mr. K. is an active, enterprising gen- 
tleman, in whom the utmost confidence is to be 
placed. 

Talk of the Big Elk, principal Maha chief, to gover- 
nor Clark. 

Father — I have always listened to your words, 
. your counsels are yet fresh in my memory — I am 
your child; if my skin was white, 1 should be your 
oldest son. 

Father — When we are at our villages, or on our 
lands in the prairies, if we die, we are sometimes bn- 
tied and sometimes not. If they bury us, we are 
put in a Buffalo robe, perhaps an old robe, and are 
left a prey for the wolves and crows, and our bones 
are scattered over the plains. Who would not 
wish to die among you! that he may be buried with 
the honors of war, as you buried one of our red 
skin chiefs, who died at Portage des Sioux. 



Father — I speak rather loud, if it is not agree- 
able to you tell me so, and I will speak lower. 

My father— I have always given my young men 
gf Oil counsel, if you doubt it, enquire of the warrlo.s 
present — they will tell you the truth. 

Ixuuj>tAx villainies. It is probable, among the* 
impressed men who have returned from Dartmoor, 
where an Algerine barbarity deposited them for 
exchange as regular prisoners of ivar — a procedure 
the most cruel and base I ever heard of, and which 
ought to stamp the British name with everlasting- 
infamy, there are not less than 500 who had been, 
enslaved upwards of ten year's — many as much as 
seventeen, and some even longer! It would be quite 
safe to say that from eight to ten thousand of our 
people have perished in this horrible slavery, since 
the wretched business of impressment, or man-steal- 
ing, began. What is the extent of suffering' by tl>e 
Algerines compared with this? Look at it fairly. 

W r e have lately noticed the two following 1 cases, 
atid select them from many others of the same cha- 
racter: 

From the Boston Patriot. The following" letter, 
detailing- the particulars of the barbarous flog-ging; 
of Joseph Slater, an American seaman, by the Bri- 
tish Huns, because he refused to fight against his 
native country, has been handed us for publication, 
Mr. Beasley has undoubtedly communicated a copy 
of the letter to our government, and we cannot 
think they will suffer such a flagrant act of villainy 
to pass unnoticed. The magnanimmis British, not 
being able to meet our soldiers on land, or seamen 
on the ocean, resort to the despicable and coward- 
ly practice of flogging and shooting them when in 
their power, unarmed and defenceless- — 

Prison ship Irresistible, Chatham, Sep- "> ' 
tember 12, 1814. > 

R. G. Beaslet, Esa. 

Honored sir — We consider it a duty which we 
owe to our country and fellow citizens in general, 
to inform you, as our country's ag-ent, of the bar- 
barous treatment which Joseph Slater, an American 
prisoner of war, received on board the British na- 
tional brig- Censor, lieutenant R. W. Lucas, comman- 
der. It appears from the statement of Mr. Slater, 
that he had been acting boatswain of the brig-, and 
returning- from the Belt with a convoy bound to* 
England, saw a schooner which they expected to 
be an American privateer, when Mr. Slater was or- 
dered to pipe all hands to quarters, which he did, 
and then went aft, and informed lieutenant Lucas,, 
that should the chase be an American, he would 
not fight her, and offered himself up as a prisoner 
of war, but could not be received as such, and was 
obliged to return to his duty, and continued to do 
duty until the 3d instant, when he was sent on 
board the Namur, lying- at Sheerburgness, and ex- 
amined before three captains and the first lieuten- 
ant of the Namur, and was returned on' board the 
old brig (the old Censor) as a prisoner of war — 
when Mr? Lucas (the commander) ordered him. 
both legs in irons, and kept him in that situation un- 
der the centinel's charge and on prisoner's allow- 
ance, until the 10th instant, and publicly -whipped, by 
order of lieutenant Lucas, and was then sent to 
this ship as a prisoner of war. We examined Mr. 
Slater's back as soon as he came down into the 
prison, and found that he had been scandalously 
and inhumanly whipped* as all his wounds were 
fresh, and appeared to agree with his statement, 
that he had been flogged about two hours before 
we saw him. 

He likewise shewed us his protection, certifying 
him to be a native citizen of th,e United States, and 
no doubt resjwrins with ijs of this being* such; we 



SO NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— 6 ATtfRD A V, SEPTEMBER 9, I81& 



therefore pray you to make his case known to our 
government, and to the English board of admiral- 
ty, or to take any other method you may think pru- 
dent to obtain redress. 

We are, with due respect, your yery humble 
servants, 

{Signed) GEORGE M'LELEAN, President. 

LAB AN THAYER, 

JOHN WARNER. 

JOHN 9. BAGENT, 

THOMAS WETERMAN, 

JMembers of the. committed. 
From the Providence Patriot. Mr. Samuel Hop- 
Kixs, of Foster, and Mr. Henry Stone, of Scituate, 
in this state, have recently returned home, the first 
after an absence of 17 years, and the latter of 13 
years. They were impressed into the naval ser- 
vice of Great Britain from American vessels, and 
as the rest of their countrymen who were in slavery 
did, at the commencement of hostilities, gave them- 
selves up as prisoners of war; since which period, 
they have been immured in the dung-eons of Dart- 
moor. Mr. Hopkins has a family, who had long- 
since numbered him with the dead; a son, who has 
nearly attained the ag-e of manhood, during- the 
lingering- years of his father's servitude in the 
"floating- hells of Britain." Mr. Stone had repeat- 
edly written to his father while in slavery, and the 
necessary documents were as often forwarded to 
procure his release, but in vain. Then* suffering's 
have been almost beyond endurance; and their joy 
on finding- themselves once more on the soil of li- 
berty, nearly overpowered their faculties. 

Sir George Prevost, it is said in a Quebec pa- 
per, will come off* with flying- colors, as no one will 
probably appear to prosecute him — that he has been 
'graciously received, &c ' As the prince reg-ent 
has been 'graciously pleased' to order that certain 
reg-iments lately serving- in Canada, may have the 
word "niagara" inscribed on their colors, to per- 
petuate their glorious victories at Chippewa, Bridge- 
water and Erie, we would humbly recommend that 
the old knight might have "plattsburg" inserted 
on the crest of his coat of arms, to serve in lieu 
of a motto like this — 

The valliant knight, with fifteen thousand Englishmen, 
To Plattsburg slowly went, and then— ran back again. 
Bixe-lights asd jiED-tiGHTs! It is stated in the 
New-York Commercial Advertiser, probably on the 
authority of sir Robert Hall, commissioner of the 
British navy in Canada, that an American came to 
him, and offered, for 200 dollars, to destroy the 
whole of our flotilla on Champlainl The offer is 
said to have been rejected with indignation; but 
"his majesty's" commissioner would better have 
served the cause of justice by seizing upon the mi- 
serable, pitiful wretch, so that if punishment could 
not be inflicted, his name and character might at 
least have become known to his countrymen. 

" Patriotic." It is pompously announced in the 
Boston papers, that "the Boston Hussars, under the 
command of captain Richard Sullivan, have volun- 
teered their services as his excellency's fescort on 
commencement day, which have been accepted."—- 
This is not the company that volunteered to assist in 
dispossessing the British of apart of Massachusetts, 
during the late war. 



CHRONICLE. 

Treatyl-mth Alters ! — We understand that de- 
8patches.1ia.ve been received from commodore De- 
catur, announcing the pleasing intelligence of his 
having, on the part of the United States, concluded 
a Treaty of Peace with the Dey of Algiers. With 



the conditions of the Treaty, of course we ar<$ 
unacquainted; but we learn,* generally, that they 
are such as Commodore Decatur thought proper to 
dictate. J\fat< Int.] 

WASHiKGfo:;, Sept. 2. ' r 
Copy of a letter from commodore Decatur to the secret? 

tart/ oftlie navy, ( received vim Norfolk J dated 
United States ship Guerriere. 
Off Gibraltar, June 15, 1815, \* 
^ Sir — I have the honor to inform v you of our ar- 
rival off this place on the 15th, after a passage of 
25 days, having previously communicated with 
Cadiz and Tangiers. The Spitfire, Torch and 
Firefly, separated from the squadron during a gale 
of wind on the 26th tilt, and the Ontario on the 
31st. 

I am happy to find they have, With the excep- 
tion of the Firefly, all arrived; the latter vessel, I 
fear may have lost her spars, and have returned to' 
the United States. From all the information I can 
collect, I feel assured, that the Algerines have re- 
turned into the Mediterranean* The vessels that 
had separated from us, are now joining, and I 
shall proceed in search of the enemy forthwith. 

I have the honor to be, verv respectfully, &c. 
STEPHEN DECATUR, 
Extract of a letter from commodore Stephen Decatw\ 

to the secretary of the navy, f received via J\*or- 

folk, J dated 

United States ship Guerriere, 
Off Carthagena, June 19, 1815, 

"I have the honor to inform you, that on the* 
17th inst'. off Cape de Gatt, the squadron fell in 
with, and captured, an Algerine frigate of 46 guns 3 
and between 4 and 500 men, commanded by' Rais 
Hammida, who bore the title of admiral; she 
struck her flag after a running fight 6f %5 mi* 
nutes. 

" The admiral was killed at the commencement 
of the action* After the Guerriere (who from her 
favorable position, was enabled to bring the enemy 
to close action) had fired two broadsides, the ene- 
my, with the exception of a few musketeers, rati 
below. The Guerriere had four men wounded by 
musket shot, which is the only injury done by thei 
enemy in this affair. 

" We have 406 prisoners including the wound- 
ed. — The prisoners state that about thirty were 
killed and thrown overboard. 

" Their squadron is said to be cruising in our 
vicinity; five days ago they Were off this place, un- 
less I obtain some further intelligence of them by 
to-morrow, I shall proceed to the port of Algiers, 
in the hopes to intercept their return. — For the 
present, I have determined to send the prize into 
Carthagena." 

Copy of a letter from Commodore Decatur, to the 

Secretary of the Navy, dated 

United States ship Guerriere, off Cape Palos, 

June 20 1815. 

Sir — I have the honor to inform you, that on thef 
19th inst, off Cape Palos, the squadron under my 
command, captured an Algerine brig of twenty-two 
guns, and one hundred and eighty men. After a 
chase of three hours, she ran into shoal water, 
where I did not think it advisable to follow with 
our large ships, but dispatched the Epervier, Spark, 
Torch and Spitfire, to whom she surrendered after 
a short resistance. Twenty three men were found 
dead on board. We received from her eighty pri- 
soners, the residue of her crew having- left her in 
boats. Many of them must have been killed by 
the fire of our vessels, and one of the boats was 
sunk. None of our vessels sustained any damage, 
nor was there a man killed or wounded. ■ This 
brig is larger than the Epervier — was built »t 



NILES* WEEKLY REGISTER— CHRONICLE- 



SI 



.Algiers five years ago, by a Spanish constructor, 
the same who built the frigate captured on the 17th 
inst. and is perfectly sound. 

I have the honor to be, verv respectfullv, &c. 
STEPHEN DECATUR. 
Hon. Benjamin W. Crowningshield, 

Secretary of the Navy. 
Extract of a letter from a Lieutenant of the United 
States frigate Macedonian, on board prize frigate 
Mishouri, to a gentleman in Boston, dated 

Carthagena, July 2, 1815. 
" I arrived here on the 23d of June, in the late 
Algerine brig of war Estedio of 22 guns and about 
200 men, prize to our squadron under the command 
of commodore Decatur. 

" I presume, ere this, you have heard of our cap- 
turing an Algerine frigate off Cape de Gatt, on the 
17th June. The Mishotjri, the prize frigate, from 
which I address you, is a 44 gun ship, and had a 
complement of upwards of 400 men, I think the 
stoutest I ever saw on board of any ship. She was 
the flag vessel, and commanded by an admiral, 
who was killed early in the action. The contest 
only lasted about 8 or 10 minutes. The number of 
her killed could not be ascertained, but she was 
literally cut to pieces in her spars and rigging. 
Our loss was trifling, only 4 killed, (3 by a gun 
bursting) and one by a musket ball from the ene- 
my, — the wounded did not exceed 10. — I would en- 
ter into a descriptive detail as repects the charac- 
ter and appearance of these uncouth looking peo- 
ple were I not confident that your knowledge of 
thern extended much further than my own, * and 
therefore it would be productive of neither inform - 
ation or amusement to you, yet I must add, that 
they are the most servile beings on earth." 

Numerous arrivals. There arrived at Baltimore 
on Sunday— 2 ships from Bremen, 1 do. from Nantz, 
3 do. from Liverpool, 1 do. from Amsterdam, 1 brig 
from Bordeaux, 1 do. from Lisbon, 1 schooner from 
from St. Jago de Cuba, upwards of 20 brigs and 
scJiooner3 from Halifax, St. Andrews, and various 
American ports, and between 80 and 100 bay craft — 
laden with vast quantities of British, German, 
French and Dutch goods, &c. &c. 

It is stated that Mr. Gallatin declines accepting 
his appointment as minister to France. 

Dreadful gale. The British homeward bound 
West India fleet of between 2 and 300 sail, encoun- 
tered a dreadful gale about the 8th of last month. 
It is supposed that one half of them have lost their 
masts or foundered! The convoy, the Warrior 74, 
with 2,000,000$ on board, it was thought had gone 
down'. One of the fleet, a great ship, with a full 
cargo of sugar, found deserted at sea, has been 
towed into Salem, by a vessel of that port. The 
Warrior has since been spoken, dismasted. 

A British ship from London, with 25,000 stand of 
arms, and a great supply of ammunition, &c. was' 
lately spoken on her passage for and probably has 
arrived at Carthagena. The arms and stores are 
avowedly for the patriots of New- Granada,- a de- 
lightful country in the interior, where a republican 
government has long been fully established. 

The frigate United States, commodore Shaw; 
Alert, store ship, lieutenant Stewart; and schooner 
Hornet, lieutenant Page, sailed on Saturday last 
from Boston for the Mediterranean. 

The Algerine admiral killed by Decatur, it is said 
Was a Scotchman of the name of Lyle. 

The Java frigate, built at Baltimore, appears 
likely to prove, from the trial that has been made 
of her, one of the fastest ships that ever floated ; 



and she is certainly among the mast beautiful, a9 
well as the strongest of her class. 

Captain Cole, of the ship Savannah, arrived at 
New-York from Havre-de -Grace, is the bearer of 
despatches from the American consul to our go- 
vernment, and from Louis X VIII to the French min- 
ister resident in tltis countiy. 

A Boston paper contradicts the English story of 
the arrival, at Liverpool, of the brig Panther, with 
2,000,000 on board, which produced the fall of the 
price of dollars from 5s 6d sterl. to 4s 8d, and says 
that she had only $300,000 on board. 

Our cities are all very healthy. Deaths in New- 
York for the week ending September 2 — 54; of 
whom 30 were under five years old, and 2 acci- 
dental. 

An Englishman, lately attached to some office in 
Canada, but more recently employed as an agent at 
Boston to receive and export his majesty's goid, has 
disappeared with no smail quantity of it. This may 
be considered as an attempt to blunt the edge of 
lord Castlereagh's broad-sword. 

Fourteenth congress. — The following compara- 
tive statement oflhe strength of parties in the last 
and present congress, is copied from the Norfolk 
Herald, and we believe is correct. It may be well 
to remark, that the most of the elections took place 
at the very time when the war pressed the most hea- 
vily on the people, and that many republican mem- 
bers were certainly lost by the absence of voters, vo» 
luntarily under arms in defence of their country. 



13th Congress. 
Rep. Fed. 

New Hampshire . . , 6 

Massachusetts .... 5 16 

Rhode Island 2 

Vermont .6 

Connecticut 7 

New-York . . . k . . 10 17 

New-Jersey 3 3 

Pennsylvania ..... 21 2 

Delaware ....... 2 

Maryland ....... 6 3 

Virginia 16 7 

North Carolina .... 9 4 

South Carolina .... 8 

Georgia 6 

Kentucky ....... 10 

Tennessee 6 

Ohio . . • 6 

Louisianna ...... 1 

113 69 



.. * The gentleman to whom the 
has been in JUeier4. 



letter -Mae addressed 



14th Congress, 
Rep. 




o 





20 
6 

18 

4 

18 

10 
7 
6 

10 
6 
d 
1 

116 



Fed. 
6 
17 
2 
6 
7 
7* 

5* 
2 
5 
5 
3 
1 




0' 

66 



Republican majority in the 13th congress 44, ' 

do. do. 14th do. ,50' 

Net republican gain 6 • 

Note. — In New- York the election of two of the 
federal members is contested ; admit that only will 
be left out. In Pennsylvania one of the federal mem- 
bers has died since his election ; we may safely put 
his successor down republican. Thus, the presumed 
republican gain is 10. 

Splendid wohk. Humboldt and Bonplant's work 
on South America, has been received at the Balti- 
more Library. It makes several folio volumes, most 
beautifully printed and superbly ornamented with 
maps and plates, colored in the highest style. It 
was published at Paris, and will cost nearly 1,000 
dollars! 

Guadalotipe did not surrender at discretion ami 
non-resisting*. The French force consisted of about 
700 troops of the line and the militia of the islamic 
the British of 6000 regular troops. The latter pro- 
ceeded to the we-st. end ff tfte island, near Qassa 



32 niles* Weekly regis ter-Saturda y, September 9, imij 



terre, the heights of which they carried by storm 
through superior numbers, after great loss! T!ie 
54th British regiment wag nearly destroyed. Point- 
Petpe yet held out on the 10th of August, bur has 
been pressed into submission by tlie weight of 
the British. 

Fu tker. By an arrival at Baltimore, on Thurs- 
day last from Guadeloupe we have the follow- 
ing intelligence: On getting possession of the isl- 
and, the British seized 12 or 14 American vessels, 
which they were pleased to suspect of having French 
property on board — and ordered off several others, 
without cargoes. They captured the schooner Ex- 
press, of Baltimore, without deigning to assign 
any reason, and kept her captain on board as a pri- 
soner! Hereafter, it is the will of the British that 
we shall not trade to Cuadaloupe! Herein is amity ! 
BHtish deserters. Desertions are frequent fr mi 
the Britisli army on the frontier. Seven of their 
soldiers arrived here yesterday morning. They 
state that 16 started, but were discovered and fired 
upon after leaving the Canada shore, when four of 
the number were killed, and the remaining five ta- 
ken. Buffalo Journal. 

The 80 gun ship, belonging to Spain, which late- 
ly blew up before the Island of Marguerita, off the 
Spanish Maine, had 1,000 soldiers on board and a 
great quantity of specie, for the purpose of paying 
off the Spanish troops in that quarter. Every thing 
was lost, and every soul perished — the catastrophe 
had a very sensible effect at Cadiz, when the news 
readied that city. (rjTThis ship belonged to the 
"legitimate" king of Spain; just before her annihi- 
lation, the officers and men on board of her had 
"delivered" nearly all the people of Marguerita of 
their lives — having "legitimately" murdered many 
of the women and children of that island. God is 
just. 

Cetlox avo the "legitimates:?? 
The kingdom of Ceylon is probably more "vene- 
rable" for its ancient institution than any in Europe, 
It is a delightful island in the East Indies, esteem- 
ed by its people as the "terrestial paradise;" popu- 
lous and wealthy. It produces an abundance of most 
tlungs desired, and is 250 miles long and 200 broad 
— its inhabitants prided themselves on maintaining 
their ancient laws and customs. The "legitimate" 
king of Portugal first attempted to put down the 
legitimate king of Ceylon, and he invited tlje "legiti- 
mate" Dutch to drive them off. They, having got 
a foot-hold, maintained a "legitimate" possession, 
*n spite of all the effort of the Ceylonese "patriots" 
and their legitimate princes, until the dearly liber- 
ty-loving English beat the Dutch, and assumed "le- 
gitimate" possession of the greater part of the isl- 
and. Since then, it seems by the article below, that 
they have even laid unholy hands upon the crown 
and throne of the ancient and venerable legitimate 
king of Ceylon! What a rascal Bonaparte was for 
doing less than this in Spain. But Bonaparte being 
himself "^-legitimate," had not, perhaps, as much 
right to do a villainy as the royal house of the 
Guelpfa* Tins makes a great difference in every 
thing! His "confederation of the Rhine," for in- 
stance, was abominable — but a confederation organ- 
ized at Vienna, in its most essential principles like 

his, is angelic. O foul and abominable hypocri 

sy — it is "rank, and smells to heaven!" 

A veiSf 1 recently arrival at an eastern port 
spoke, July 27, the British frigate Niger, from the 
East Indies, 7 weeks, bounxl to England, informed 
that he had on board the crown and throne of the 
lung of Ceylon, which pUce was in possession of 
the British, having bc«i captured after a hard 



fought action, in which the British lost two gene- 
ral officers and a number of men,— the crown and 
throne were valued at eight millions,— they had 
likewise on board a great number of wild beasts,— 
he said that American privateers had been very nu- 
merous in the East Indies. 

An Alligator, measuring three and an half feet, 
was shot in a swamp about three quarters of a mile 
from Brushwick ferry, (L. I.) on Saturday afternoon 
last, by Mr. J. T. Brown were. While in the act of 
levelling his piece at a flock of snipes, he discover* 
ed the alligator within a few yards of the spot where 
he stood, making towards- him ; when he instantly 
lodged the contents of the piece in its throat and 
killed it. 

Frost. There was so severe a frost at Quebec/ 
the 7th of Augi'tst last, as to destroy the leaves of 
cucumber plants, pumpkins, beans, &c. It did a 
great deal of damage. 

The Franklin; — From a Philadelphia paper. — 1£ 
has been objected to the construction of the na^ 
tional ship Independence of 74 guns, built at Bos- 
ton, that her lower deck ports were not sufficiently 
high from the water; and as the Franklin of 74 guns 
built by Messrs. S. Humphreys and C. Penrose of 
this city, and launched from the navy-yard, Was 
supposed to be on the same model, apprehensions 
of a similar defect in that ship have been enter- 
tained. These apprehensions are relieved by the' 
subjoined comparison between the Independence 
and the Franklin. Feet. Inch. 

The Independence, when launched, > 
drew aft, 5 

Franklin, do. do. 

Independence, do. forward, 

Franklin, do. do. 

Independence, fifth port from aft 

above water 
Franklin do. do. 

Independence, fourth port from for- } 
ward 5 

Franklin, do. do. 

The Independence had on board, when launched^ 
thirty-five tons ballast, which could not have set- 
tled her more than two inches. Her bowsprit was 
not in. 

The Franklin had no ballast on board, but hep 
bowsprit wasJn. 

somnambulatiok; from the JV*. T. Columbian. — Ore 
Monday night, a gentleman, who lodged in a board- 
ing-house in Pearl-street, arose in his sleep, leap- 
ed^from the third-story window, and walked some 
distance, without waking — until he was aroused 
from his unconsious state by a watchman. "What 
is wonderful, he is not sensible of having sustained 
the least injury in the dangerous descent. Last 
night, at the same hour precisely, he made an at- 
tempt to repeat the leap, but was prevented by his 
fellow-lodgers, just as he had raised the sash for 
the purpose. Of the authenticity of this statement 
there is or can be no doubt. 

Married, recently — at Knoxville, Tenn. major- 
general E. P. Gaines to Miss Blount. 

Died,- August 17, at Providence, R. I. general Wil- 
liam Allen, father of the late captain Allen, of the 
U. S. navy, aged 64. 

Also, at Hartford, on the 21st, suddenly, Chaun> 
cey Goodrich, esq. lieutenant-governor of the state 
of Connecticut. 

Also, on the 30th July, in Woodland county, Ky. 
captain Francis Peart. Having no children, he left 
his estate, valued at between 60 and 100,000 dol- 
lars, for the establishment ol a free school, to beai? 
his name. 



19 





17 

14 
13 


2 

6 
6 


10 





11 


8^ 


12 





13 


4 



r T i7~iTT-T^-TTB«Sas: 



STILES' WEEKLY REGISTER 



> r o. 3 of Vol. IK.] BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, SFd'TUMUER 16, 1815. [whole xo. 211. 



llac olim nieminisse juvabit. — Vikhil. 



riU-YTEn ASO 1'UUMSHED HV H. 2*ILKS, >~P. 29, SOUTH <5 A I,V r KIT-STREET, AT %5 i'ETl AWITM. 



The title page and index fox* the last volume will 
be presented next week;- and the supplement for 
Miat volume will be finished by Tuesday next, and 
forwarded as ordered. 



Th.e analytical review of a pamphlet that lias re- 
cently appeared in England, entitled, "Secret Me- 
moirs" of the Cochraim's, &c. which is commenced 
in the present number, will hot fail to interest our 
readers. The very respectable gentleman who com- 
municated the article will be pleased to accept our 
thanks. 



We have a much more particular account of the 
proceedings of the congress of Vienna than that 
Published in our last, which shall be inserted. The 
Alitor has the pleasure to state, that he has re- 
ceived a letter from an enlightened friend at a dis- 
tance from Baltimore, who undertook to prepare a 
sett of what may be called war tables, in which the 
time, place and manner of every battle that took 
place in the late war, whether on land or water, is 
proposed to be stated; with a list of all the forces 
engaged and an account of the killed and wounded, 
on both sides, as far as they can be ascertained, to 
be accompanied by references, to the weekly re- 
gister for official accounts and details. The task 
is one of great labor, but the gentleman says he ex- 
pects soon to complete it. It is not easy to estimate 
the value that ought to be placed on "such things. 

These tables will not interfere with another sett 
that the editor is himself preparing to shew the 
general effect of the war on the ocean. 



#y the President of the United States of America, 
a rnpcLA3iATiQx. Whereas, information has been 
Received, that sundry persons, citizens of the Uni- 
ted States, or residents within the same, and espe 
chilly within the state of Louisiana, are conspiring 
together, to begin and set on foot, provide and pre- 
pare, the means for a military expedition or enter- 
prise against the dominions of Spain, with which the 
tinted States are happily at peace; that for this 
purpose they are collecting arms, military stores, 
provisions, vessels and other means; are deceiving 
and seducing honest and well-meaning citizens to 
engage m their unlawful enternrizes; are organ- 
izing, otncermg and arming ther^elves for the 
Same, contrary to the laws in such cases made and 
provided: I nave therefore thought fit to issue this 
my proclamation, warning and enjoining all faithful 
citizens who have been led, without due knowledge 
or consideration, to participate in the said unlawful 
enterprises, to withdraw from the same without de- 
toy; and commanding all persons whatsoever, en- 
gaged or concerned in the same, to cease ail fur- 
ther proceedings therein, as thev will answer the 
contrary at their peril, -fad I hereby enjoin and re- 
fit-re, all omcers, civil and mill uu-v 



)■&< wT 1 ^ 



uiry, of the United 
states or territories, all iiites. 



btates, or any of the 

justices, and other officers c>' t >c peace, au nui- , 



ry omcers of the army or navy of the United States, 
ana omcers of tb - 



In his respectiv 
Unctions, m sear<jain 
'Vuj,. ix. 



^militia, to be vigilant, eacn with- 
department, and according to his 



w.t arsd bringing to punish, ,#\ 



ment, all persons engaged or concerned in sue i en- 
terprises, in seizing and detaining, subject to the 
disposition of the law, all arms, military stores, 
vessels, or other means provided or providing- for 
the same; and, in general, in preventing the carry- 
ing on such expedition or entcrprize, by all the 
lawful means within their power: And,! require all 
good and faithful citizens and. others, within the 
United States, to be aiding and assisting herein; 
and especially in the discovery, apprehension and 
bringing to justice, of all such offenders; in pre- 
venting the execution of their unlawful combina- 
tions and designs, and in giving information against 
them to the proper authorities. 

In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal 
of the United States of America to be af- 
fixed to these presents, and signed the 
§Tif § same with my Hand. Done at the city of 
Washington, the first day of September, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred and fifteen, and of the indepen- 
dence of the said United States of Ameri- 
ca the fortieth. 

JAMES MADISON. 
By the president, 

JAMES MONROE, secretary of state. 

(£j°The preceding proclamation probably origina- 
ted in observing the following address, published in 
the newspapers: 

"JWw Orleans. 

"Sir — -The favorable moment has at length arriv- 
ed for making a successful attempt in favor of the 
patriots of New Spain. The enterprize offers an easy 
road to distinction, and promises a glorious reward , 
for merit. The place of rendezvous is Belle Isle, 
near the mouth of Cuffalia, About 500 chosen men, 
amongst whom are some late commissioned officer!* 
of the United States' arrny^will accompany me from 
that place to Matagorda, where we land; thence to 
Labahia, is thirty five miles. At Labahia, on the 
river San Antonio, about forty miles from the sea 
coast, and eighty miles from San Antonio, I will 
wait for reinforcements from "Nacthitoches, Sec. La- 
bahia will fa.ll an easy sacrifice! it is badly defended-, 
and its weakness is well known. 

"SubaLi, the proscribed patriot, a native of the 
province of YacaUm, and delegate from thence to the 
Cortes of Spai:r„, accompanies me. We have aravi 
and ammunition; 1000 men already engaged, and can 
calculate largely on aid from Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky. The country through which we pass, and 
of seat our operations, abounds in cattle and sheep, 
and nothing will be wanting to insure complete 
success. Our cause embraces the best interest of 
humanity — the general enlargement of an oppressed 
people, and all the blessings attendant upon unre- 
strained commerce and industry, this too, accompa- 



nied by a pro 
United State: 



incalculable advantage to the 



:y perry. 



The moment this address from Mr. Perry ap 5 
seared, one hundred pens were dipped into "It- 
e" gall to assail the executive of the United. 



guim 
States for 
attemn 

■ C\ 



encouraging 

: to overtrrr: 



£ a band of desperadoes" in 
. fhc *'»3qpf»i" authority r>£ 



31 NiLES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1815. 

the fool of Spain over the rich provinces of Mexico; structcd on the plan of the [old] Pantheon at Rom ' 
but they Mere hardly drawn forth, and had not yet The front faces on the Washing-ton road, command- 
reached* tire paper, before the proclamation met ing an extensive prospect down the Patapsco and 
them, said spoiled, utterly spoiled and lost forever, ! Cnesapeake. The grandeur of the exterior of the 
all the line tilings that might been said about the j building does not excel the internal convenience of^ 
diviue right ot kings, Sec. the apartments. The anatomical theatre with its 

There is no man of sense in the United States, necessary appendages, are as extensive and appro- 
that is really attached to a free government, or who | priate as those of any of the European schools. The 

lecturing room alone is capable of containing twelve 
hundred persons with convenience. The Chemical 
Hall, immediately below, is but little inferior; it will 
accommodate about a thousand, a part of its area 
being taken off by the laboratory and necessary ap- 
paratus. The apparatus is complete, accommodated 
to the taste and views of the learned and eloquent 
professor. Hitherto the professors of the Theory 
and Practice, Institutes of Physic, Surgery, Materia 
Medica and Obstetrics, have been compelled to 
occupy the anatomical theatre as a lecturing room; 
but they are now accommodated with a new room 
derived from an alteration in the library in the front 



go\ 

looks at the itiieresi of his country in a commercial 
or political point of view, that does not sigh for the 
independence of Mexico; and exult in the hope 
that that tine country may, in the possession of a 
liberal government, attain that high rank in the 
world to which its vast resources and peculiar ad- 
vantages entitle it. Such are, no doubt, tire wishes 
of every member of the executive of the United 
-States, in their individual capacities; but in their 
public character they have made haste to shew that 
rigid impartiality and just spirit of neutrality which 
has ever eiisting-uished our government. Notwith- 
standing the liigh precedent establisheel by the "il- 
lustrious cohg 

no nation has a right to interfere with the internal 
government of another people, and it is to be hoped 
Ave shall always act tip to it. But individuals may do 
as they please, in respect to this matter. And for- 
doing this, they can produce the very highest "le- 
gitimate*' authority. England, every body knows, 
is not only the standard of the "law anel the gos- 
pel," but also the dear, very dear ally of Spain — yet 
ships from England, for several years past, have 
publicly cleareeiout for ports of the revolted Span- 
ish provinces in America, laden with arms and mili- 
tary scores. It was only last week we noticed the 
p«mval at Carthagena of a British ship from London, 
with 2ei,00J stand of arms for the patriots of J\ "em 
Grenada. 

It is worthy of remark, and we make the obser- 
vation to shew the servility of our English jacobins, 
S h j >. ke upon themselves a character as if all the 
religion and liberty of the world depended upon 
them!!! that, while they eagerly seize the pen to 
vagabondize a republican American who takes any 
part in assisting the patriots of Mexico, they are as 
mute t s nehes if a royal Englishman does the same 
thing 1 . But this is easily accounted for — if England 
says, white is biac& — why, it is black : for England 
cannot do wrong. 



press of Vienna," we yet believe that of the building. The improvement, suggested and 

1 Completed since the last session, adds greatly to 
the comfort of the classes, as it is sufficiently large 
nd is easily warmed. The library, though not the 
most extensive of the kind, is competent to most of 
the Useful purposes of the medical pupil. While it 
contains many of the most useful works, it presents 
the curious enquirer with some of the rarest of both 
ancient and modern times: a few of which (I be- 
lieve) are not to be found in any other collection in 
our country. 

The situation of Baltimore near the centre of the 
union, and its convenience to the western country, 
as well as its easy access by water, designate it as 
the most eligible spot for the establishment of a 
great emporium of science. 

But it will be asked, what will all these arrange- 
ments and advantages accomplish, unless the chairs 
be filled with corresponding talents? To this most 
material consideration we invite the attention of all 
who claim an interest in the general diffusion pf 
medical science. This institution, which promises 
to rank with the most eminent, originated in the 
zeal and conscious worth of a few individuals whom 
chance had cast together, kindred spirits whose 
sympathetic feelings produced an electric attraction 
which the laws of nature render irresistible. It is 
from such, accitlental coincidencies that such insti- 
tutions always arise; they cannot be forced by the 
strong arm of power, nor even the delusive incenta- 
tion of money. Genius may be repressed for a time 
by the want of pecuniary assistance, but it wdl finally 
triumph over the most imposing obstacles. For two 
years, the present incumbent of the anatomical chair 
lectured alone" to a private class, and on the third 
winter the professor of the theory and practice se- 
conded his eiforts by delivering a course to the 
students of medicine residing in the citj r . The 
other component parts of the present Medical Fa- 
culty of the University immediately fell into the 
views of the two first, and were soon constituted a 
body corporate by a law of the state. Since this 
period, so auspicious to the institution, the degree 
of .Doctor of Physic has been annually conferred 
upon a number of young- gentlemen, as distinguished 
for their acquirements as their numbers were un- 
expected. The number of pupils has nearly doubled 
every year, anel seems to increase in the ratio of the 
numbers wlio have it in their power to compare the 
merits of the University with those of other institu- 
tions. It is to be admitted, that the professors in the 
new school have dissented in many important doe- 
trine:; from the opinions taught in other schools, 
bwt their ten-sts arc candidly stated', ably defended. 



University of Maryland. 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE WEEKLY REGISTER. 

StR A — As I presume your miscellany is more ge- 
nerally diffused than any work of its kind in our 
country, permit me to occupy a page, with a view 
of making known an institution whose infancy bears 
no comparison with its extensive claim to public 
patronage. 

Among- the numerous improvements that do honor 
to the public spirit of your nourishing city, there is 
none better calculated to extend its reputation than 
the University of Maryland. The establishment of 
this seminary would seem to form an exception to a 
gc;i«ial principle, that commercial states are tm- 
f.ieudiy to the cultivation of the sciences. I speak 
only or' the Medical Departments of the new school, 
a B I ! me had no opportunity of becoming acquainted 
with the professors of the arts and sciences, some 
::f whose chairs (I believe) are not yet organized. 
Whether we consider this subject in an ornamental 
or useful light, it becomes a subject of interest. — 
"i \.< splendid edifice which constitutes the Medical 
<" oliege, as the centre from which the other depart- 
ments are to diverge, stands on Lombard-street 
\ ttended, hi the western wid of the «ity. It is cen- 



nIlbS' Weekly register— Cincinnati: 



S3 



tiA eloquently enforced. I have listened with de- 
ign t to most of the public lecturers both in Europe 
and America, and can declare with truth that 1 
have witnessed as much real science, and as elo- 
quently displayed as in the best of the ancient 
schools. Does it not become every description of 
'citizens to cherish and support such an institution, 
one which, is so admirably calculated to serve the 
best interests of humanity? What human pursuit 
«an be prosecuted without health? Neither life, li- 
berty nor property can be enjoyed without it. By 
what criterion, but the laws of such an institution, 
ctm the mass of mankind decide on the merits of 
the candidates for public favor ? By what other 
power can the people be protected against the arts 
and profligacy of empyricism? If my time and the 
apprehension of encroaching- upon your journal 
would permit, I could descend to some minutiae which 
would pi uce this subject in a more conspicuous ligiit; 
but I believe the attention of physicians concerned 
in directing* a medical education throughout the 
United S tates, is sufficiently awakened, and 1 will 
therefore only state the names of the respective pro- 
fessors and the time at which the courses commence. 

Anatomy.— By John B. Bavidge, M. D. 

Theory and Practice of Medicine~~..Y<K£/w/«'<?«. 
Potter, M. D. 

Chemistry— Ehsha Be Butts, M. tt 

M. Medica— Sam* I Baker, M. I). *> w j ^ « k w 

Surgery— milium Gibson, M. D. |^ 7 I M H- £ 

Institutes— Maxwell M-Dowell, M. D *Y " T? "' 

Obstetrics— Richard W. Ball, M. D. 

The Medical Courses commence annually on the 
last Monday of October. VIATOB. 



that they might get off on those term*}. They haVc \c?,mt 
by this arrival, I believe, that more is necessary, 
and they imist do it. It will be a bitter pill for Mr, 
Madison to acknowledge the British Rtkut of Ih- 
press-Kent, and their doctrine of perpetual alle- 
giance; BUT HE MUST SWALLOW IT. He will 
squal [squall] and kick, and make wry faces, BUT" 
DOWN IT MUST GO. The thing IS JUG JIT IJX* 
ITSELF, and though disgraceful to him, net in lint 
least dishonorable to the nation! The British doctrine 
on the subject of impressment and allegiance is 
CLEAR and UNDENIABLE, nor -would it ever have 
been denied by our government had they not been seeking 
a pretext for quarrel with Great Britain. To comp, t 
them now to (( eal their words" is an act o/nsTii;::r-- 
tive JUSTICE at wiuca ALL MEN OF SENSE 
AND HONOR MUST REJOICE. 
"I am, My Dear Sir, 
Very truly 
Your fi lend 8c servti 

ROI 
Qeot Baer, Esq* 



G: HARPER* 



StfiM-3 



Mr. Harper 

1*he following has recently been Jmbiished in the 
Baltimore papers, and has excited an uncommon 
sensation. We give it for reference without re- 
mark, except to say that its authenticity is not 
questioned. It is copied from the "Baltimore Pa- 
triot." 

"Baltimore, October 10th, 1814. 
*'I congratulate you, most sincerely, my clear sir, 
•On the good news contained in your letter, Which is 
still more gratifying from the knowledge that we 
have done so well in the other counties. You will 
have seen the returns from them before this reaches 
you. We have two-thirds of the house of delegates, 
and a majority of more than twenty on joint ballot. 
I*aus Beo. 

"The object of our commissioners, in sending 
home the Adams, I have no doubt is to obtain new 
instructions. From the regent's proclamation, re- 
Oniiing British subjects, his speech to parliament, 
'and the address of the house of commons to him, 
I think it clear that the British government have 
taken their stand on this ground; that as we began 
'the war to drive them from their doctrine of perpetual 
allegiance, and their RIGHT of impressment, they 
mtst have those points settled before they lay down 
fheir arms, and will not be content with our merely 
waiving our CLAIMS. To this effect I presume 
ftieir commissioners were instructed. Ours hud no 
instructions to do more than waive those claims.— 
Bven to that extent ours were not authorised to go, 
to [till] our government was informed, by the ar- 
rival of the French frigate "Olivier," of the de- 
thronement of Bonaparte. Till then, they had na in- 
tention to make peace, but then they saw that the 
jgame was over, and accordingly by the return of 
that vessel sent instructions to the commissioners to 
tfafpol&e who^eCJaim about. impre*s«kwt, fa hates 



"Picture of Cincinnati.* 5 

We are indebted to the politeness of a frierid (at & 
sheet of a new Work now in the press, entitled 
"A picture of Cincinnati/" The following extracts 
ill interest our readers; 

Manufactures — As this town is older thaft th£ 
surrounding country, it has at no tinie had a sur* 
plus of laboring population or of capital* The for- 
mer have been required to assist in clearing and 
improving- the wilderness; the latter lias been in- 
vested in lands, which from their low price im& 
certain rise, liaVe held out to capitalists a powerful 
inducement. The conditions which are said to Con- 
stitute the basis of manufacturing establishments^ 
have not, therefore, existed hi the same degree as 
if the town had been younger than the adjoining' 
country. Notwithstanding this, some progress has 
been made, as will appear from the following sketchy 
which embraces the manufactures most worthy of 
notice; 

Cincinnati has no iron fouhdery; hut is Well sup- 
plied with blacksmiths, who fabricate in a neat and 
substantial manner, every article which those trades^ 
men usually make, and many others which belong 1 
to the whitesmith. Several shops are devoted to) 
the manufacture of cut and wrought nails* which 
are made in sufficient quantities for the town and 
adjacent settlements. Stills, teakettles arid other 4 
vessels of copper, with a great variety of tin warej 
are made in abundance. Rities, fowling pieces* 
pistols, dirks and gun locks of every kind are ma*, 
nutlietured. It is six years since a manufactory o'f 
cotton and woolen machinery was established, in 
which time 23 Cotton spinning mules and throstle^ 
carrying 3,300 spindles; 71 roving and drawing 
heads; 14 cotton and 91 wool carding machines; 
besides wool spinning machinery td the amount of 
130 spindles; twisting machines and cotton gins, 
have been made. Plated saddlery and carriage 
mounting" of all kinds, many different articles o» 
jewelry," and silver ware of every sort— after the 
most fashionable models and handsomely encliasedi 
are manufactured. SwOrds, dirks, &e; are niount^ 
ed in any form, and either plated or gilt. Clocks erf* 
everv*k.ind are made, and watChes repaired. 

Sills, chimney pieces, monuments, and in sliOH; 
all the varieties of stone cutting, are executed with 
neatness and taste. Common pottery, of a good 
quality, is made in sufficient quantity for home cob? 
simjiitnn. A irrsn.jfl.ctory ot -gfrteen/ #h-tdfi^ <gfes$ 



§6 NfLES WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1811 



and hollow ware, ts about to go into operation; and 
Will be followed by another of white flint glass the 
ensuing 'summer. Clean sand, of a beautiful white 
eolor, has been found in abundance near the mouth 
of the Scioto; but no clay proper for crucibles has 
been discovered as yet on the Ohio, and that article 
has been brought from the state of Delaware. 

The principle manufactures in wood are the fol- 
lowing: sideboards, secretaries, bureaus, and 

other articles of cabinet Furniture; all of which may 
be had of a superior quality, made either of our 
bcautirVl cherry and walnut, or of mohogany freight- 
ed up the Mississippi. Pancy chairs and settees, 
elegantly gilt and varnished. Yv'aggons, carts and 
drays; coaches, phaetons, gigs and other pleasure 
carriages, trimmed and ornamented. Plane stocks, 
■weaver's reeds, and the different productions of 
the lathe, contpr eh ending . wheels, chairs, screws, 
he. The various kinds of cooper's work, for the 
execution of which a mac! line has been erected and 
is now in full operation. The author of this inven- 
tion is William Baily, of Kentucky, who in 1811 
obtained a patent. The power is given by one or 
two horses, which with a man and a boy can dress 
and joint, in a superior manner, the staves necessa- 
ry for one hundred barrels, hogsheads oi\pipes in 
twelve heel's. It can also be employed in shaving 
and jointing shingles, with equal advantage. The 
proprietors of the establishment in this place are 
making arrangements for the exportation of dressed 
staves to New-Orleans. 

To the productions in wood may be added, the 
steam saw milt,, erected on the river bank, below, 
but adjoining the town. The principal building is 
a strong fame, 70 by 56 feet, and three stories high. 
The engine drives four saws in separate gates, act- 
ing at the rate of 80 times in a minute, making the 
product of each saw about 200 feet of boards an 
hour. The carriages run upon cast racks, are pro- 
pelled by the improved short hand and gigged back- 
wards by bevel wheels, in the manner of the best 
mills. The logs to be sawed are chiefly brought in 
rafts to the beach, and drawn up the bank and into 
the mill by power from the engine. Other branches 
of business will be carried on in this establishment. 
The engine is estimated at 20 horse power, and of 
fcvans' patent, except the condenser, which the 
proprietors have abandoned, as being attended with 
a degree of trouble and expense altogether dispro- 
portionate to its advantage. In place of this, they 
pour on the waste steam a current of cold water, 
which becoming instantly heated, is employed to re- 
plcniJi the boilers. The steam mill company, and 
Cincinnati manufacturing company, have adopted 
the same alteration, with great success. 

There are ("our cotton spinning establishments, 
most of them small. The whole contain upwards of 
1200 spindles, which are moved by horses.' Wool 
carding is performed in several places; and an ex- 
tensive woolen manufactory, designed and calcu- 
1 to yield 60 yards of broad cloth per day, will 
be io operation the ensuing winter. It is owned by 
die Cincinnati Manufacturing Company. The ma- 
Cninery is driven by an engine of 20 horse power. 
The products of the loom have not been great; but 
SCVcral handsome pieces of carped rig, diaper, plaid, 
denim and other cotton fabrics, deserve to be men- 
tioned. Cables, the various kinds of small cordage 
and :;piin yam, are made in two extensive ropcwalks. 
The latter has for some years been an article of ex- 
portation. Wool hats are not manufactured here; 
but Jfa hats, of a good quality, are made in such 
quantities as to give a surplus for exportation 
1o the Mississippi, where they are exchanged for 
\, .itrv. The tptjt&tg i>nd currying vf k-atW is car- 



ried on at six tan-yards in this place and its- vicinity; 
and the manufacture of shoes, boots and saddlery, i* 
extensive. Skin-dressing in allum is executed with 
neatness. Trunks covered with deer skin- and o& 
cloth, leather gloves, and a variety of brushes, are 
made, of a good quality. Blank books, and all kinds 
of common and extra binding, are executed with 
neatness. 

The Cincinnati Manufacturing Company have eft- 
braced in their plan, manufactories of white and 
red lead, of such extent as will yield six or seven* 
tons per week. The latter is not yet completed — ■ 
but the former, which is the third that has been 
erected between the Mississippi and the mountains^ 
is in operation, and produces white lead of an ex- 
cellent quality. It must indeed be superior to that 
brought from'the Atlantic states, as it has no mix-> 
ture of tvhiting\ with which the imported white 
lead is always alloyed.* Arrangements for a sugar- 
refinery were made early in the present year; the 
buildings have been commenced, and the estab- 
lishment will be in operation in a few weeks. To- 
bacco and snuff are manufactured in four different 
shops. Pot and pearl ash, soap of various kinds, 
and candles, are made in such quantities as to give 
a large surplus for exportation. 

The rectification of spirit and distillation of cor-* 
dials, are prosecuted to such a degree as %o give an 
ample supply of the latter for domestic use. But 
^these establishments, both in extent. and utility, 
are eclipsed by our breweries. The first was erect> 
ed on the river bank in the lower part of the town, 
four years ago, and uses the river water; the other 
was established since, on a smaller scale, and de* 
rives its water from wells and cisterns. The two 
are calculated tea consume, annually, 30,000 bushels 
of barley. Their products are beer, porter and 
ale, of a quality at least equal to that of the Atlan- 
tic states. Large quantities have been exported 
to the Mississippi, even as far as to New Orleans, 
the climate of which they are found to bear very 
well. 

The manufacture of flour, at the steam-mill, will 
be carried on to a great extent. The machinery is 
all on the plan of Oliver Evans, and driven by an 
engine of 70 horse power. Four pair of six feet 
biur stones will be run. Two pair have been in mo- 
tion for several months, and produce about 60 bblsw 
of flour per day; the whole when in operation will, 
it is expected, afford 700 bbls. a week. The flour 
is generally of a superior quality. 

In the year 1814, a mustard manufactory was 
erected above the town, but has not yet got into 
such extensive operation as to supercede the impor- 
tation of that article. 

In the fine arts we have not anything to boast — 
but it is worthy of being mentioned, tliat all kinds 
of labelling, sign and ornamental painting, together 
with engraving on copper of official and other seals, 
cards of address and vignettes, is executed with 
taste and elegance. 



Bounty Lands. 

Wati Department. To facilitate the business of" 
obtaining warrants for military bounty land under 
the actsV the 24th December, 1811, of the 11th 
January, 1812, and of the 10th December, 1814, 
all persons interested are invited to attend to the 
following ins oumation: . 

1st. Every person whose services entitle him to 
aland warrant, and who personally applies for it, 
will beheld to produce at the War Department hi s 

*h'ce Cooper's Emporium of Arts and Scicucts: 



NILES' WEEKLY RKCISTER— ROMAN STATISTICS. 



37 



erigiyial discharge, which ought to express the date 
pf enlistment, "Me term for which the person was 
enlisted, that he has faithfully served the United 
States during" that terra, and he is honorably dis- 
charged. The phraseology of discharges of disabil- 
ity necessarily differs from ordinary discharges; 
bat in those the term i( honorably discharged'* is 
deemed tantamount to the certificate of the faithful 
service required by law. 

2d. In cases where the original claimant shall 
not personally apply for his land warrant, his ori- 
ginal discharge must be transmitted to the War 
Department, accompanied by a power of attorney, 
duly executed, of the following- form: — viz. 

Know all men by these presents, That I, 
lato a in captain company, in the 

regiment of who was enlisted the day of 

one thousand eight hundred and to 

serve* and honorably discharged from the ar- 

my of the United States, on the day of 

one thousand eight hundred as will more ful- 

ly appear by my original discharge hereunto annex- 
ed, HA. VE, and by these presents DO, nominate, 
constitute and appoint my true and lawful at- 

torney for me and in my name, and in my behalf, 
to procure and receive from such officer, person or 
persons, as shall be legally authorised to grant the 
same, a -warrant for the quantity of land to which I 
am entitled for the services rendered by me as a 
in the army of the United States, during the 
late war, pursuant to the law of the United States 
in such case' made and .provided. And I do further 
hereby empower the said to do and to per- 

form all such acts and things, and to give such a 
Receipt or receipts, or execute such instrument or 
instruments in writing as shall be required, in as 
full and ample a manner as I could myself do were 
J personally present. And I do further empower 
him to constitute and appoint an attorney or attor- 
nies under him for the said purposes, and also at 
pleasure to revoke the same. And do further here- 
by ratify and confirm whatever my said attorney or 
his substitute shall lawfully do in the premises. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal, at this .day of one 

thousand eight hundred and 

Signed, sealed and delivered ~i 
in presence of S 

State of -) 

and county of 5 S3 ' 

being duly sworn, doth depose and 
say, that he is the same person described, in and 
who executed the above power of attorney, and that 
the same is his own free and voluntary act, for the 
purposes mentioned therein. 
Sworn to, and subscribed this day of ~) 

181 before me, § 

State of 
and county of 

and being duly sworn, depose and 

say, that they and each of them are personally ac- 
quainted with the above named and well 
know him to be the person described in the above 
power of attorney. 
Sworn to, and subscribed this day of 

181 before me, 
State of ^ 

and county of y ss - 

I certify that the above named and 

are credible witnesses. Dated at the 

day of 181 



I Clerk of the county of State of 

do hereby certify that before whom the above 

affidavits appear to have been lr.-ide, is a act- 

ing under the authority of this state, and that the 
above is his signature. 

^ «>. «j. ^ j n testimony whereof I have hereunto 
§ seal. § set. my hand and affixed the seal of the 
§ & <#> ,?>§ said county, 8tc. — this — day of — he. 

N. B. In those instances where the Power of 
Attorney in question is executed before a Notary 
Public, and, of course, attested by his- official seal 
and signature, the above Certificate of a county 
clerk on each Instrument will be dispensed with": 
but in such a case it. will be required that 0112. 
separate official Certificate from the Municipal or 
state Authority shall attest the quality and signature 
of such notary, which Single Certificate shall be 
admitted as the sanction of all such Notarial acts 
that accompany it. 

N. B. All Substitutions of such a Power must be 
made before a Notary Public, in legal form. 

3d. In caseswhere the original claimant is dead, 
and an heir applies in his Right, he or she will be 
held to ascertain by legal proof that the person in 
whose Right the application shall be so made, did 
eiriist in such or such a Company or Corps, on such a 
day, and for such a term; and that he was slain by the 
enemy, or did otherwise, die while in the service of 
the United States, at such a time and place. 

Next, the achuil Claimant will be held to adduce 
legal Certificates from competent authority to 
ascertain that he or she thus claiming a land warrant, 
is a legitimate Heir at Law and of lawful age : in 
which case, although other Heirs may exist, yet the 
warrant will be issued in the name of the heir so 
proving, adding thereto the words — " and the other 
Heirs at Law of — &c. &c. 

A Land warrant will not be issued to an Executor t 
nor to an Administrator. — The government of the 
United States, has not authorised any person to act 
as an agent for the purpose of transacting any part 
of the business relative to the obtaining Military 
land warrants; which will, as usual, be issued gratis 
at the AVar Department : nor does it recognize any 
pretended land office for such purposes, nor any other 
Agency of that nature, in any state of the American 
Union. > 

August 22d, 1815. 



*For "fire years" or "during the war," as the case 
>ftaybe. 



Roman Statistics. 

FROM THE IRISH MAGAZINE FOR JULY. — A Statistical 

numeration of the armies and population of ancient 

Pome, collected from Livy, JDionysius, Plutarch, and 

Eusebius, &c, 

Rome in its infant state, before an aspiring 
ambition had made conquest a national pursuit, 
was surrounded by numerous nations, each enjoying 
its own form of independent government, until the 
more fortunate arms of the new state gradually 
Subverted them as the infancy of political existence, 
which proves, that nations by balancing power 
against the spirit of conquest, had not yet taught 
small communities to unite ; they fought separately, 
and were conquered separately. 

Rome began with a monarchy, but the people 
getting disgusted with a form of government which 
is more pregnant with crimes, and more expensive 
than any other yet known, rejected the kingly op- 
pressors, four of them were assassinated and ex- 
pelled which concluded this form of government, 
and Rome might have existed to this day, in all its 
power and grandeur had not her vices-thrown hei- 
back again into the hands %f masters, wh,© uastsr 



SS NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1815. 



he p|*ne of emperors, exercised all the tyranny of. 
kings, without using the odious distinction, 

The rapid increase she made in population, may J 
be seen in the following- statistical view of each 
of the several musters of fighting- men from the 
ibunduuou of the city, to the usurpation of Sylla. 



ff 




3 S< 
a> TO 


2 "■» 


If 


1 S 


■N, 


P" •* 




*& 


r- $ 


f°5 


i 


753 


3^300 


512 


242 


260,000 


37 


716 


47,000 


53i> 


221 


270,213 


96 


657 


8 1,700 


516 


208 


137,108 


R4$ 


509 


130,000 


549 


219 


214,000 


256 


498 


150,000 


560 


194 


243,704 


260 


494 


110,000 


565 


139 


258,308 


270 


475 


103,000 


574 


180 


273,244 




:66 


124,000 


580 


174 


269,015 


29. 


460 


132,409 


584 


170 


312,810 


561 


393 


152,580 


589 


165 


337,452 


410 


344 


160,000 


594 


160 


328,314 


435 


319 


250,000 


599 


155 


324,000 


460 


294 


262,005 


606 


148 


322,000 


464 


294 


273,000 


611 


143 


328,342 


474 


280 


27S,222 


617 


137 


323,000 


478 


276 


271,224 


622 


132 


313,822 


469 


265 


292,224 


628 


126 


390,736 


502 


252 


297,797 


638 


116 


3,64,336 


506 


248 


251,222 


667 


87 


463,000 



From the above statistical account it is evident 
that the population multiplied very fast under the 
kings, occasioned by the various arts used to entice 
the citizens of the surrounding states to settle 
among them. That under the beginning of the 
aristocracy a t 265 the augmentation was prodi 
gious, after the establisliment of equal liberty 
arid equal laws in the commonwealth. From 410 
of the city to 435 it is evident by the general survey 
(Livy ix. ch. 19, and x, 47,) that there was in 25 
years an increase of 90,000 warriors. This enormous 
increase happened under the government, when it 
became popular, when liberty and equality remov 
ed the obstacles, which controlled the conquering 
genius of the people, by penal and prohibitory 
statutes, enacted against the plebeians (for so the 
people were stigmatized by the aristocratic ascen- 
dancy of ttgme) whereby they were prevented from 
acquiring property — consequence, rank, or state 
honors, But as, censors and tribunes were esta- 
blished, thereby the morals were admirably main- 
tained, and the vigor of the law supported and 
preserved for a long time : for as good laws make 
good men, so good men defend good laws, whereby 
they arc both a mutual defence to each other. 

Thus, wc see the councils of popular assemblies 
jnore bold, more magnanimous, and wiser than the 
paralizcd efforts of aristocratic senates, and ill 
guided princes. To what other cause can we 
attribute the ambitious, nay gigantic designs of tho 
petty government^ of Athens and Lace-demon, states 
not as large as Minister, and other petty republican 
#tates, but to the nobie avarice, not of wealthj but 
of glory and fame for their country and selves, united 
by the virtues and emulation of their particular 
[magistrate* and commanders, where the supreme 
dignities are successively attainable in annual rota- 
tion, as the nev{ . failing reward of individual ability 
ity)4 desert. 

The Bourbons. 

The names of some of the Bourbon family 'so fre- 
faaeatiy recurs in the papers, that a short notice of, 
v$em rV^-tiveiv, appear, issirubp;. 



When Louis XYT. ascended the throne in 177-!, 
there were in France 5 families of the royal blood, 
viz :— 1. reigning family. 2. family of Orleans. 3. of 
Conde, 4 of Conti. 5. of Penthievrc (the last a legi- 
timated family, viz: its parent stock bom out of wed- 
lock, but acknowledged.) 

There were, besides, in Europe, 3 families decend- 
ed from the house of Bourbon, viz — one in Spain, 
one in Naples and oue in Parma. 

Louis Stanislaus Xavier, now Louis the 18th, was 
born Nov. 17, 1755. 

Charles Philip, count D'Artois, 3d brother to. 
Louis XVI, was born Oct. 9, 1775. 

The duke D'Angouleme, eldest son to count 
D'Artois, was born Aug. 6th, 1775, 

Maria Theresa Charlotte, Duchess of Angoulerae, 
(Daughter of Louis XVI, and first cousin to her hus- 
band) was born Dec. 19, 1778. N. B. By the salic 
law, women did not inherit the crown of France, 
The lilies do not sfti?i, was the adage,, 

The Duke of Berri, second son to the count D'Ar-, 
tois, was born Jan, 24, 1778, 

Philip, duke of Orleans, son of the noted Egalite, 
was born Oct, 6. He afterwards came to the U. 
States, through which he travelled with his two bro- 
thers, one of whom is since dead, Philip taught 
French in Canada — he was once a republican; he 
since became reconciled to Louis XVIII, having, of 
course, abjured former principles. 

The mother of Philip lyOrleans is a daughter of 
the virtuous duke of Penthievrc. If her husband's 
life was a tissue of infamy, her own is a bright pattern 
of Whatever is amiable or attractive in the female 
character. She is on earth a suffering angel. Bona- 
parte is said to" have lately settled on her a large 
pension. Her misfortunes did not come from him. 
Let this little digression be excused. We have seen 
her so often at Anet, Vernon and other places, visit- 
ing the abodes of indigence and sickness, encourag-. 
ing industry, disseminating piety and virtue, in ail 
which she was accompanied and aided by her 
venerable father, that we cannot forbear adding our 
distant blessing to those, which, we doubt not, she 
still continues to receive, — Her other children, not 
being conspipious at present, are not mentioned 
here. 

The branch of Conde has been remarkable for 
courage and gallantry. The prince of Conde long 
headed the Emigrants. The high qualities and the 
melancholy fate of the duke D'Enghien, are we.fi 
known. 

The. Bourbons are reproached With degeneracy. 
Religious ideas and a factious dignity prevented 
their intermarrying with protestant families of royal 
rank abroad, or£ in ncblc families of the kingdom. 
Tlieir connubial connexions were confined to the 
catholic houses of Austria, Savoy, Spain, Bavaria, 
and Bourbon, Natural history requires no more to 
account for that degeneracy, Moral causes, still 
more efficient, might be adduced to aid the explana- 
tion — We leave the task to others. Strange, yet 
necessary decline of dynasties \ Inevitable effects, 
of luxury, inertness, torpor, and hereditary power) 
Look at the house of Medicis — at the family of the 
Stuarts — at the last malchiers at Vienna, in the 
insignificant Charles VI | This alone ought to be 
sufficient to cure mankind of the mania c:'het"?'!. ; t>r? 
rule"-* —• Richmond Compile?, 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER- -FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



30 



Foreign Articles. 

{To the inhabitants of the ceded parts of the kingdom 
of Saxony 

V,y the treaty of peace concluded on the 18th of 
this month, and ratified on the 21st, between me and 
the courts of Austria, Russia and Prussia, I have 
consented to the cession of that part of my hereditary 
states, of which the congress at Vienna had disposed, 
which had, at the same time, added the clause, 
that the rest of my hereditary states, would not 
be restored, till 1 had consented to the cessions 
demanded. 

During 1 my long government, I have been guided 
in all my operations solely by my solicitude for the 
good of the subjects who were entrusted to me. 
The issue of all human enterprizes is in the hand of 
God. All my efforts to avert so painful a sacrifice 
have been in vain. I must part from you; and the 
bonds which your fidelity and your attachment to 
my person rendered so dear to me — the bonds 
which, have formed for ages the happiness of my 
house, and of your ancestors, must be broken. 
"Conformably to the promise made to the allied 
powers, I release you, Subjects and Soldiers of 
the provinces separated from my kingdom, from 
your oath to me and my house; and 1 recommend 
you to be faithful and obedient to your new 
sovereign. 

My gratitude for your fidelity, my love, and my 
ardent wishes for your welfare, will always attend 
you. (Signed) Frederick Augustus. 

Luxemburgh, May 22. 

Proclamation. " We, Ferdinand IV. by the 
grace of God, king of the Two Sicilies and of 
Jerusalem, Infant of Spain,duke of Parma, Placen- 
za, Castro, &c. grand hereditary prince of Tus- 
cany, &c. &c* ,V 
"Neapolitans!— The time is arrived when I return 
to my throne of Naples! all combines to favor my 
steps. Your unanimous wishes calls me back. 

"The general assent of the high allied powers 
does justice to my claims. The constant and pow- 
erful assistance of my allies animates and preserves 
me. I come at the head of an army, not like con- 
querors, to deceive and incite to revolt unsuspectr 
ing nations, or like adventurers to obtain by force 
and fraud what a state of peace cannot procure 
them. 

"I return to the bosom of my family. I come to 
bring peace and consolation. I come to restore the 
ancient purity [of what is not said] and to efface 
from the minds all the sufferings they have under- 
gone. No; it is not your destination to carry the 
torch of discord among those who are not your ene- 
mies. You are not destined to be degraded by that 
species of glory which results from terror and de- 
vastation. The history of your ancestors is very 
glorious for you. Descendants of the Rruzi, the 
Campani, and the Sanniii, you must make the fo- 
reign disturbers of your civil liappiness and your 
. tranquility tremble, but not be the instruments of 
their ambition, or the victims of their deceit. Your 
sons shall not perish in the icy plains of the north 
**■ your livelihood the fruit of your exertions, the 
production of your happy soil, shall be enjoyed by 
yourselves alone. 

"Neapolitans, return into my arms; I was born 
among you, I know and esteem your manners, 
your character and your customs. I wish nothing 
more than to give the clearest proofs of my pater- 
nal love, and to be able to make the new period of 
my government the happy epoch of the welfare and 
' *f'4 happiness -of cur country. A single day shall 



efface the sad recollections, the suffering.; ufrna-.y 
years. 

"The most sacred and individual pledges of mo- 
deration, mildness, mutual confidence, and a per- 
fect union, shall guarantee your repose. 

"Neapolitans! — Support, by your aid our enter- 
prise, the object of which is so great, so just, so be- 
neficial, and which forms a part of the common 
cause of Europe, winch so valiantly defends it with 
an immense force, and by the union of civilized 
nations. 

"I promise you, that without any exception, no 
account shall be demanded, no notice taken of 
those who during my life, as well a3 during my 
former absence, have failed in the duty of fidelity 
to me. An impenetrable and eternal veil shall co- 
ver all the actions that have taken place. All opi- 
nions that have been expressed during this period, 
I promise, on this head, in the most solemn ntanner, 
and upon my royal word, the most complete, the 
most exact, "the most general and eternal amnesty 
and oblivion. 

"I promise to all Neapolitans and Sicilians who 
serve in the army, by land or by sea, that they shall 
retain their pay, their rank, and tlie military lie- 
nors which they at present enjoy. 

"May Cod, the witness of the sincerity and firm- 
ness of ray sentiment, crown the result with hi3 
blessing." " FERDINAND. 

Palermo, May 6, 181$. 

Switzerland, May 25. 
Note delivered to the diet by the ministers of the 
four great Powers, which was read in the sitting 
of the 12th May. 

"From the moment that Bonaparte returned to 
France, all Switzerland resolved by an unanimous 
and energetic determination to take up arms to de- 
fend its frontiers, and to keep off those disorders of 
all kinds with which Europe is menaced by the 
return of tliis Usurper. 

"This measure, which fully, jdi splayed the energy 
of the jdiet, and the wisdom of its deliberations, was 
perfectly in harmony with the sentiments of all 
Europe, which openly applauded the conduct of a 
people, who, though nearest to the danger, was seen 
to pronounce without hesitation, on the events of 
which France is the theatre, and boldly profess sen- 
timents so honorable, by repelling the proposals 
made by the pretended government of that country 
to all the states, and which were every where reject- 
ed with indignation. 

" In this unexpected and unparalleled crdsi-i, 
the Helvetic .confederacy, guided by its ancient 
integrity, has joined of itself the system of Europe, 
and embraced the cause of social order and of the 
safety of nations. It has felt the conviction that so 
long as the volcano, rekindled in France, should 
threaten to influence and convulse the world, the 
inestimable advantages which the high allied powers 
take a pleasure in, seeing enjoyed by Switzerland, 
its welfare, its independence, its neutrality, would be 
always exposed to the encroachments of that illegal 
and destroying power which no moral restraint is 
able to check. 

" United by the same wish, of annihilating this 
power, the sovereigns assembled at the congress 
of Vienna have proclaimed their principles hi the 
treaty of the 25th of March, as well as the engage- 
ments they contracted to maintain them. 

" All the other states of Europe have been invited 
to accede to it, and they have readily answered 
this invitation. Thus, the moment is arrived, when 
the august sovereigns, whose orders the undersigned 
are commissioned to execute here, expect that the 
( iet ; on receipt of the present ©IhVud eoKimuc;e ■>■- 



jr) NILES 1 WEEKLY REGISTER— S ATI' ilDAY, SEPTEMBER IC, 1815. 



tions, will, by a formal and authentic declaration 
adopt the sane principles, and in concert with the 
undersigned resolve on the measures which may 
become necessary to oppose the common danger. 

" But at the same time that the powers expect 
it any doubt, that Switzerland, agreed with 
them on the principal object, will make no difficulty 
in declaring that it is aimed to attain it, and that 
it will place itself in the same line of policy, they 
are very far from proposing- lo it to display any 
other force than such as is proportioned to the re- 
source^ and tiie usages of its people. They respect 
the military system of a nation which, remote from 
all ambition, puts forces on foot only to defend its 
liberty and its independence: they know the value 
which Switzerland attaches to the principle of 
neutrality; it is not to infringe upon it, hut solely to 
accelerate the period when this principle may be 
applied in an advantageous and permanent manner 
that they propose to the confederation, to assume 
an energetic attitude, and adopt vigorous measures 
commensurate to the extraordinary circumstances 
of the times, but without forming a precedent for 
the future. 

" It is conformably with these principles that the 
undersigned have received from their respective 
courts, the necessary instructions to regulate* by 
a convention which cannot but be agreeable to 
Switzerland, the footing- upon which its adhesion is 
to subsist to the sacred cause Which it has already 
embraced. They liave therefore, the honor to invite 
the diet without delay to name plenipotentiaries 
to enter into a negociation with them upon this 
subj ect. 

" The allied monarebs impose upon themselves, 
the greatest sacrifices; nevertheless they require 
foiv. Switzerland, only those from which it cannot 
possibly withdraw itself hi a crisis in which its 
dearest interests are at stake, and to alleviate the 
burden of putting on foot the forces necessary for 
the vigorous defence, of their frontiers, as well as 
to insure its success, they propose to keep at the 
disposal of Switzerland all the assistance which the 
general operations of the war shall permit them to 
dedicate to this object. 

" The monarchs desire in this manner among 
this nation (the object of their particular regard 
and ;steem) those sentiments of attachment, con- 
fidence and gratitude, to which they believe them- 
selves so justly entitled, sentiments which they 
would have at heart still to increase and strengthen 
at the time of a general peace, by paying particular 
attention to the interests and safety, of Switzerland. 

" The undersigned renew to his excellency the 
president, and to Messrs. the deputies to the diet, 
the assurance of their distinguished consideration. 

Zurich, May 6, 1815. 

STR A TFO 8 1 > CAN NIXG, 
KRUDENER, 
SCHRAUT, 
CI J A. MB ME."* 
Jlnnver of the diet 

"At the moment when a new political convulsion 
shewed itself in Trance, Switzerland, struck with 
the dangers of its situation, took with vigor and 
creleritth the measures of safety which the impor- 
tance of the circumstances required. The diet has 
yuade known by proclamation the object of these ar- 
mament*; it has avoided all connection with the man 
who has taken the reins of the French government, 
pod has refused to recognise him, 

"The ministers of the allied powers justly infer 
**- ^ ' : 

* The firiUih, #ustmn, Ru'<si:,>^ aiv^ Pru sm an 



from this conduct, that Switzerland, united in inter- 
est and intentions with the other states, must oppose 
with all its aright a power which threatens the peace, 
the tranquility, the independence, and the rights of 
all nations. Such are, in Let, the resolutions of the 

di£t - . . - i 

"The relations which it maintains with high allied 

powers, and even with them alone, leave no, doubt 

respecting its disposition or its designs; it will 

abide bv them with that constancy and fidelity 

which have been at all tunes honorable, features in, 

the Swiss, character, 

"Twenty two little republics, united among" them- 
selves for 'their security and the assertion of their 
independence, must seek their national strength in 
the principle of their confederation. — This is what 
is prescribed by the nature of things, by the geo- 
graphical situation, the constitution and the charac- 
ter of the Swiss people. 

" A consequence of this principle is its neutral ity 
recognised in its favor, as the basis of its future 
relations with all states. It equally result^ from 
this principle, that in the great contest which is. 
on the eve of commencing-, the part of Switzerland 
must naturally consist in the vigorous defence of its 
frontiers.— By remaining- on this line, it does not 
enstrange itself from the cause of other powers; on 
the contrary, it embraces it the more sincerely, and 
serves it with the more advantage, as this cause be- 
comes immediately its own. Considered in itself, 
the defence of a frontier 50 leagues in extent, which 
serves as a point $ appui to the movement of two 
armies, is a co-operation not only very effectual, but 
even of the highest importance. Thirty thousand 
men and more have been put on foot for this purpose. 
Resolved to maintain this development of force, 
Switzerland thinks on its side, that it may expect 
from the kindness of the powers that their armies 
will respect its territory, till it shall itself call for 
their aid:— Assurances on this head are absolutely 
necessary to tranquilizc the people, and to induce 
them to bear with courage so great a burden. 

The diet believes, that it has answered, by these 
explanations, the expectations of their excellencies 
the ministers, at the same time that it shews its 
confidence in the justice and magnanimity of the 
monarchs who have but lately taken such an into- 
rest in the fite of this country, and thus acquire 
fresh claims to its gratitude. 

"If there is now any thing to be done according 
to the principles above explained, in order to fix in 
a more precise manner the political relations of the 
confederation of the allied powers, during the con- 
tinuance of the present war, and at trie same time 
to agree on the conditions of its system of defence, 
tire diet is ready to hear these overtures; it has 
commissioned Messrs. the burgomaster Wyss, tlic 
avoyor Meriiuen, and the burgomaster Weiiand, to 
enter into a negociation with Messrs. the ministers, 
upon these two" points, which arc essentially inscpa; 
rable. But in every case the right is reserved to 
the cantons to take a definite resolution on this 
head, and to give these arrangements legal validity 
by constitutionally confirming them" 
Zurich, May 12, 1815. 

Pam dates, July 29, by an arrival at New York 
fro m J I a v rede G r ac e — 

There was a strong report at Havre dc Grace, 
that the French armies having shewn some symp- 
toms of hostility, 20,000 Prussians had beendetach- 
[ eel to prevent a junction of two of the French di- 
i visions (probably that which retired from Paris and 
the army under Suchet)— who were attacked by the 
fafcach *# "almost ^hiUtsdj" and tint §0<5 



WILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



4.1 






waggons had been put in requisition to bring- off. humiliating terms, the country may be tranquil by> 
■the wounded. It is added that the account was ' « 
hot permitted to appear in the Paris papers 



force of arms for several years. 

From a late English paper. A letter ftom Parte 
The duke of Orleans arrived at Paris from his (of the 12th inst. mentions that the duke of "Welling - 



country. scat near London, on the 23th July, ahd w 
received "graciously" by the king. The duke ot 
Echmuld had not vet arrived in Pans, as was re- 
ported. He was still with the army, which is con- 
centrating- in Berry and Auvergne. Many parts of 
France appear to be in great agitation. The corps 
of Eccelmans *is in Kioir, with a line park of ar- 
tillery. Liitien Bonaparte, has been arrested at Tu- 
rin. Canwt has retired to Switzerland. There is 
:\ report of the arrival of the empresses of liussia 
;md Austria at Paris. 

Lukpendenca and sovereignty of France/ It ap- 
pears that a large part of the allied _ armies in 
France are g-oing- into cantonments. It is said that 
the emperor of liussia and the king of Prussia 
Jiave hired boxes for three months in the Paris thea- 
tres. The white fag, the national flag- of France, 
is to have for its staff Russian and Prussian bayo- 
nets, This is "legitimate" liberty. 

Paris is divided into 12 parts or arondissements; 
6 have Prussian commandants and 6 English. 

Punisjiment of France. Example, says the Lon- 
don Sun,, is the object of punishment. Yes, France 
must be an example, not only to herself, but to the 
world. We have but one enemy, our own magnani- 
mity. ' The first object is to "place France in her 
-pre-revolutionary condition. She must give up 
.some of her original possessions; "her triumphal 
columns and arches" must be destroyed; the boast- 
ful names by which she commemorated victories 
»nust be effaced, and the foreign titles which she 
gave toher successful leaders, must be relinquish- 
ed, France must yet submit farther: she must give 
*ip her northern fortresses; she must dismantle her 
frontiers; she must disorganize her soldiery; she 
must maintain within her territory a sufficient num- 
ber of the allied troops; she must put down the 
Whole tribe of her jacobins and Bonapartists; she 
must divest them of their plunder and dismiss them 
i>om her councils. We desire to punish her, not 
in retaliation or revenge, [oh! no; England is too 
christian for that;] but injustice and necessity." 
Another paper observes; 

The following adherents of Bonaparte, and wild, 
jointly with their master, caused all the recent 
bloodshed at Waterloo, arc probably now strutting 
about unmolested in Paris; they are worth at least 
£ million sterling each, viz. Massena, Savary, Bapp, 
Brune, Soult, SuChct, Ney, Davoust, Cambaceres, 
Rcederer, Decres, Fouehe, Montalivet, Ghaptal, 
TJubois, (ex-prefect of police) Guadin, Champagny, 
iylaret, Caulincourt, and the soi-disaiit queen of Hoi- 
Sand. How many widows and orphans could be fed 
and clothed from the confiscation of their ill-got- 
ten wealth. ' 

(TjT have not the least objection to the reduc- 
tion of the property of these men; but it is right 
always to begin the work of reformation at home. — 
Let the British try what might be done in this way 
in their own country-— let them confiscate the pro- 
perty of their bishops and other placemen and pen- 
sioners— and try their effect of the wealth to relieve 
their own millions of paupers. This seems most na- 
tural, 

A letter from Bordeaux, sous: — 'It is said that 
the treaty of Paris has been renewed between Louis 
iXVIIt and the allied monarchs, with the addition 
that the former is. to maintain 100,000 of their troops 
in France for 5 years, at the expence of 500,000,000 
<?f francs- If the French people descend to such 



ton had taken an active part to protect not. only 
the national edifices, but to prevent every- kind of 
extortion. 

A letter of the 14th, states the following par- 
ticulars: — "marshal ttlucher, finding his demand in 
the way of contribution to the amount of 100 mil- 
lions of francs disregarded, caused a letter to be 
addressed to Lnfitte, M. Tourton, M. Rougcmont, 
M. de la Serrc, M. Shirer, and M. Koch, stating that 
the contribution required ftrast be forthcoming; that 
they, as opulent bankers, with the credit they pos- 
sessed were competent to produce it; and that un- 
less 33 millions of francs the first instalment or one 
third of tli e amount were discharged within 24l:ours, 
they Would be arrested and retained as hostages for 
the whole sum. It was, we understand, furlhcfir 
irrimated to these gentlemen, &c. that if any dis- 
position w r as shown to avoid the contribution or 
procrastinate the liquidation of it, they should be con- 
veyed to Prussia and secure din, the fortress of Spar.daii. 
In this dilemma the bankers of P.uis, with other in- 
habitants had addressed themselves to the emperor 
Alexander and the king of Prussia, appealing to 
their generosity and referring to the military con- 
vention under which Paris was surrendered. 

English Gipsies. We have the following notice of 
a hunt after this singular people, in the London Tra 
veil er of July 24: 

Gipsey Hunt. On Sunday the police officers at- 
tacked the Gipsey encampment at Xorwood, from 
which they made a precipitate retreat; they how- 
ever captured three coach loads, together with their 
queen and princes Thomas and John! The officers 
were attacked by a rallying party of about 40, in an 
attempt at rescue, in which they failed. They were 
committed as vagrants. 

Paris, July 29. The papers announce that peace 
was signed yesterday or the day before.. We cannot, 
yet confirm this pleasing news. 

It has also been announced that the Vendeans 
have joined the army of the Loire. This news is 
positively denied by a declaration of the Vcndeau 
chiefs, dated at Beauprend, the 19th instant. 

Marshal Brune has, it is said, retired to Toulcn, 
where he awaits the orders of the king. 

The king has issued £ decree on the 21st instant, 
ordering the arrest and delivery to the councils of 
war, to be judged according to military law, of all 
general officers and other military commanders of 
departments and cities who have repressed or shall 
repress, by violence or force of arms, the expres- 
sions of the fidelity of the people towards his ma- 
jesty. 

Alencon, July 25. — A party of 400 Prussian caval- 
ry have entered here, and demanded forthwith the 
sum of 400,000 francs. 

Soissons, July 27. — For some days past the I?us> 
sian videttes have advanced verv near to this city, 




men. The white flag io 

iblic edifices. It appears 

cmined not to yield the 

last extremity. 

y is occupied by the 



r whelmed 



■cqui 



littons, 



Our garrison is about 
Constantly flying on 
that our commander 
place to the allies b ( 

JK'evere, July 21. — Our 
Austrians. We are over 
of all kinds. 

Bluis, July 23. — Our city and all its environs, have 
been disarmed by the Prussian corps, 

Toulon, Jidy 24, — This morning, all the military 
and civil officers of the marine, at this port, have 
addressed a respectful submission to the king. The 
white flag has beenlioisted^ and the English squad 



42 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1815, 



ron winch was in sight of the port, sainted the 
flag as soon as they saw it flying on the forts and 
fortresses. 

MANIFESTO OF THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA. 

St. Petersburg?^ June 17. — The following- is the 
manifesto published by his imperial majesty from 
Vienna: — 

"The sense of religion, that rich source of na- 
tional strength which has prevailed in Russia since 
the oldest times, vanquished, in the face of the 
whole world, and for the deliverence of Europe, 
the destructive infidelity — the mischief-working 
corruption of morals — the sad deviation from the 
Tight path tj which the human understanding is 
subject. 

"This never-to-be-forgotten conquest and tri- 
umph, to which history furnished no parallel, must 
in justice, be ascribed to the generous sacrifices 
and heroic deeds by which the faithful sons of our 
country have testified their love and devotion. It 
united all European nations in indisssoluble bonds, 
and harmonized all their views and prejudices, 
which till then had been at variance, by directing 
them to the only useful object, a desired and dura- 
ble peace, which might be firmly ertablished in the 
legal advantages grunted to each power, and on 
internal institutions protecting the welfare and in- 
dependence of nations'. 

"With heartfelt joy we announce to our beloved 
subjects, that ail conventions tending to the good 
of me state have been concluded in conformity with 
this principle, and the object which we propose. 

"It is not vain covetousness which has induced us 
to seek an extension of our frontiers — such a feeling 
would have been unnatural in one who had taken 
armsSto defend the country, but not to make con- 
quests. The unconquerable strength of the Rus- 
sian empire, founded upon religion, loyalty, and 
prosperity, cannot be increased by external acqui- 
sitions. The union of the far greater part of the late 
duchy of Warsaw under one sceptre, has proved to 
be absolutely necessary for the establishment of a 
general balance of power and of order in Europe. 
By this measure, the safety of our frontiers is insu- 
red — a firm barrier is erected against interruption of 
peace and hostile attempts, and the bonds of fra- 
ternity formed between nations, united together by 
one common origin. 

"For this reason we have thought proper to fix the 
fate of this country, and re-establish the internal 
administration upon principles suitable to the lan- 
guage and customs of the inhabitants, and adapted 
to their local situation. Following the precepts of 
the Christian religion, whose dominion extends 
over so many nations, yet maintains at the same time 
their distinguishing qualities and customs — we 
cherish the wish while we prepare this welfare of 
our new subject, to inspire their hearts with sen- 
timents of attachment to our throne, and thus. to 
efiaee for ever the traces of past misfortunes, which 
Were caused by fatal disunion, and the long struggle. 

Rut at the moment when we thought of return- 
ing to our happy eountr^flkd of enjoying the peace 
earned by such painful ^JK :i new war is kindled, 
pre ordained by the impenetrable councils of the 
Almighty. His kind Providence, which rules over 
&s, which changes even evil into good, permitted 
the rebellious spirit that was concealed in France, 
to burst forth, just at the time when the sovereigns 
and people, in a state of powerful preparation, were 
watchful that by their united power, wickedness 
may be wholly extirpate d, the harvest cleared from 
the weeds, and the precious fruit of inviolable 
oeace flourish among the powers, who observe the 
'raws of the Christian fJth and truth. 



" Russia also, elevated by religion, is called upon 
to take arms; and attentive* to this call, again enters 
the career of glory. The perfidious plan of Napo- 
leon Bonaparte — the treachery which has favored 
his audacious enterprise — the rapidity of his perni- 
cious progress, aiming at the overthrow of society, 
of religion, and of law; all these reasons forbid the 
authorities established by the Rulers of Empires 
to recognise, in the midst of general order, a gov- 
ernment which is founded on breach of faith and vio- 
lence. For this reason, all the powers again form 
an indissoluble union, in order to annihilate the 
tyrannic power which has made itself master of 
France, and thereby to prevent fresh miseries. Not 
only the engagements of friendship, but also the 
honor of the Empire call upon us to defend the 
rightful cause; it cannot be foreign to Russia, which 
from time immemorial, has combated for religion 
and fidelity. In obedience to this sacred voice, 
we go with the help of the most High, to new deeds. 
The fruit of such great and glorious victories will 
not be lost. 

" Resolved to share every danger and privation 
with our victorious army, we place our firm con- 
fidence in the Lord of Hosts, in the protector of 
the Just. It is, indeed, painful to our heart to 
prolong our absence from the country, but we 
firmly trust in the divine favour, which every where, 
protects us, that this absence will, be of short 
duration. 

" The attachment and devotion of all the authori- 
ties in the Empire, animated by only one feeling 
and the valor of our troops, will crown the work 
which we have before us with the desired success. 
All the European powers will act in concert with 
us. 

" In the days of danger and glory, when the raging 
enemy, who had penetrated over our frontiers, 
thought in his infatuation to strike a deadly blow 
against Russia — when Europe, subject to his yoke, 
rose against us — we invoked the Almighty, and 
implored him to turn his eye on the church in 
mourning, to deliver his inheritance, and endow us 
with strength to triumph over wickedness and 
deceit, to protect the independence of nations and 
their rulers. The Most High heard the voice of 
our prayers, his right hand guided Russia in the 
career of glory; no, we will not deviate from it, and 
his gracious care for us will be completed." 



Or, matters belonging to the late -war rvith G. B. 
Adjutant and Inspector General' s office, Sept. 7, 1815. 

General order. — The several laws and articles, 
of war relative to brevet rank, having been duly 
considered by the president of the United States, 
he is pleased to direct, for the future government 
of the army, that commissions in the staff shall 
confer neither rank'or emolument to officers of the 
line who hold brevets by virtue of appointments in 
the general staff of the army, which are superceded 
by the act of March 3, 1815. Bv order, 

D. PARKER, Mlj. and bis. gen. 

We learn from the south, (says the National In- 
telligencer) that 600 troops are about to inarch from 
Fort Hawkins to attend the commissioners in run* 
ningthe boundary line of the Creek nation, which, 
it is believed, will consume several months. The 
Georgia Journal states, that this large force is 
required by the tlu'eatencd opposition of the hostile 
Indians, who have taken refuge in Florida. Those 
Indians Who are considered friendly, are not well 
s.itjpfjed with, losing th^e large portion of territory 



niles' Weekly register— chronicle. 



cceded with proper music, to the maetittg-htws« 
It was unusually crowded. The discourse v,us 
concise, nervous and feeling; and reflects the great- 
est honor on Mr. Hart. When the service and 
ceremony of the church were finished, the assembly 
again formed procession, and moved to the battery, 
where Mr. Mart pronounced a short prayer. 

Animated by the impressions which the time and 
place could not but revive, the people in their 
fervor gave three cheers, nnd each retired to hut 
respective abode. 

On Friday evening* a grand anniversary ball wa? 
given; the assembly being- both numerous and 
brilliant. Jfi Y. Col. 

Hostors. — Among 1 those on whom the prince re- 
gent of England has recently conferred the insignia 
of the "most honorable order of the Bath.," are sir 
Philip P. B. Broke, and the foul villain Cockbunu 
The first in reward for the capture of the Chesa- 
peake, and the second for — robbing hen roosts and 
church yard vaults. 

Immense compliment! If the following, from 
the London Globe, is not too stupid for the purpose. 



which they ceded by the treaty; but from them, 
though they murmur, no molestation is apprehend- 
ed. 

' MfejMM. Gajxativ axd CfcAT partook of a splen- 
f d public dinner, at Tammany Hall, New- York, on 
the 5th instant, Judge Livingston presided; the 
company was of the first respectability. Among 
the invited guests were A. J. Dallas, secretary of 
the treasury, Ritfus King, Esq. the mayor of the 
city, general Macomb and general Swift. 
' Among others the fallowing toasts were drank : 

%ie United States— May the chain of our union never be broken 
—It lias been brightened, not weakened, by collision. 

Peace makers whose country awards them the laurel when they 
■previtt her the olive. 

" The memory of the late James A. Bayard— The country which 
■enuooibs his ashes, laments his death, and will ever remember his 
services. 

The American Sine-qua-nnn-The riffhts of our country. 
The Status Post Bellum—Vfe have character, peace, commerce, 
•"Health, liberty and independence. 

Foreign nations— Enemies in war, in peace friends; may our at- 
tachment to peace uaVer be mistaken for an undue dread of war. 

Tlte American Eagle— In her desire to retain the Giive Branch, 
n*jy she nevtr lose her arrows. 

■»',' Commerce— We desire from it the enjoyments of peace, and it 
affords us the sinews of war. 
; The IVealth of Nations— Liberty, 

The Principles of Washington— Honor, faith, union and indepen- 
dence. 

The 18 Stars— A bright constellation in the western hemisphere, 
propitious to freedom, blasting to tyranny. 

The Tree of Liberty— Indigenous in our country, may it flourish 
■wherever transplanted, and brave every political tempest. 

Our gallant Tars— They have made their counuy proud of its 
flap; and of them. 

The army of the United States -Its courage was never subdued, 
and when disciplined it conquered. 

Our Militia end Volunteers—They proved that a free country 
tfrill never want gallant defenders. 

By Mr. Gallatin— ■The city oi New- York. 
By Mr. Clay— The8'h of January, 1315. 
Alter th- guests had retired, 

By the President— Our distinguished, guests. Albert Gallatin and 
Henry Clay. 

By the President t Judge Livingston— Tk<i late war, may it make 
the belligerents better friends. 

By the hon.Mr. Dallas— The lesson of the war, preparation in 
g»acc. 

' By the ft;m. Mr. King— The public credit, sustained by equal 
taxvs and a uniform currency. 

By Mr* I'airlip— Commodore Decatur, and our negotiators in 
the Mediterranean- 

f'TjijE peace party,^ — The following paragraph i s 
extracted from a Portsmouth (Eng.) paper, which* 
noticing the arrival there of the troops from Canada* 
Jias a number of remarks on the state of the country, 
''&.C.— it is an infamous record of those who affected 
to love peace so well as to do all they could to assist 
the British in winning it, by the subjugation of the 
United States — 

"When the army arrived in Canada, from being a 
1 remarkable cheap country, every article of the first 
necessity became remarkably dear, in some places 
not to be had; there was only sufficient for the in- 
habitants themselves; the quantity consumed by the 
new comers created a scarcity, and but for the Ameri- 
cans, tvho furnished supplies of fresh beef and four, tlie 
army couhl not have been supported" 

A sailor's notion, — It is stated that a few da}'s 
since a vessel entering the Hook (New-York) and 
not coming too as ordered by a British frigate, was 

fired into ! The wind dying away, she was after-. 

■Wards boarded from "his majesty's" ship and over- 
hauled. The boarding officer said they were or- 
dered to let no vessel pass without examination. On 

which a sailor observed; "he guessed the order 

■would not be enforced if the Guerriere happened 

to come that way." 

Celebration at Stonintrton.—Thiirsday, the 10th 

of July, being the anniversary of the day on which 

the inhabitants so gallantly beat off a British brig 

Of war, was appointed as a" day of thanksgiving and 
£s prayer. A procession was formed at the battery, 

(where floated the colors that were a year ago so 

hpbly dg&'Rded) and, with the rev. Mr Hart pro- 1 port gays tl^at he had captured 



it contains the highest compliment that has yet 
been paid to the American navy. Eight or ten na- 
val battles were fought with pretty nearly an equals 
ty of force, in all which we beat the English — but 
the accidental capture of the Chesapeake is com- 
pared with the battle of Waterloo! 
"Remarkable Similarity 
In two 
Recent Achievments. 
WELLINGTON at Waterloo; BROKE at 
Boston Light-house. 
ecth 
preferred waiting the attack to becoming the 
assailant: 
WELLINGTON, when he saw confusion in the ene- 
my's retreat; 
BROKE, when the enemy flinched from his guns, 
rushed on like a lion from his den; 
(the former in 3 hours, the latter in 3 minutes) 
drove all before them. 
The result, 
SIGNAL AND DECISIVE VICTORY; 
Skill and bravery so consummate, 
while it adds lustre 
tp the military and naval glory of tlte 
United Kingdom, 
cannot fidl to obtain, through 
Divine Providence, 
tjie legitimate end of War — safe and 1 
honorable Peace." 
Oxe gentleman, even in the "Jivlivark." Prom 
the London Courier of July 21.— About the begin- 
ning of July, 1314, a small vessel was captured by 
the boats of his majesty's ship Bulwark, on the 
coast of America; a gentleman of the name of Brj.- 
lard was a passenger, and detained a few days en 
board the Bulwark. After he was sent to Halifax, 
it was discovered that the lieutenant's boy, in whose 
cabin he had occasionally been, had stolen some 
money from him. As no account could be got of 
Mr. Bullard at Halifax* if lie will send proper docu- 
ments to prove he is the person, to Messrs. Cooke, 
Halford h Son, No. 41, Norfolk-street, Strand, Lon- 
don, the money will- be restored. 



CHRONICLE 

Peace with Algiers — Decatur h: x ?rtainly made 
peace with Algiers — the terms are yet unknown, 
but we understand they were such as he pleased to 
dictate, and we are satisfied for the present. Re- 
two Ai^crine fri 



44 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1&15, 



gates, two sloops of war, and smaller vessels; that he 
had made a treaty by which no tribute is to be giv- 
en; adding that he had notified the Americans at Ca- 
diz, &c. that they might navigate the Mediterranean 
in safety. 

The vessels taken from the Algerines were to be 
given back, but were afterwards seized by the Spa- 
niards. 

Tiie American prisoners in Algiers were released 
Without ransom, and capt. Smith, of Salem, was paid 
§15,030 for his detention. The Independence, com. 
B&inbridge, had passed Gibraltar, and Decatur, with 
his squadron proceeded to Tripoli. 

From the Lexington Gazette of August 23. A gen- 
tleman who has just arrived from. St Louis, informs 
that a trsatt of pkace has been negociated with 
the hostile tribes of Indians in that quarter, said 
that depredations on the frontiers had ceased. Col. 
Miller's regiment was ordered to Detroit, and is to 
ho replaced by the one commanded by colonel Ni- 
cholas. 

Tne U. S. frigate Java, capt. Perry, has arrived at 
Kew York, from the Chesapeake, 

The white flag was re-hoisted on board the 
French frigate Hermione, at New- York, a few clays 
since, under a royal salute ; which wao returned by 
the forts in the harbor. 

A great number of vessels, especially British, 
have been recently wrecked on the American 
coasts ; and many lives have been lost. 

Joseph Bonaparte, ex-king of Spain, arrived in 
Baltimore on Thursday last on his way to the south- 
ward from New York, where it appears he had land- 
ed <some days since from a brig bound to Charles- 
ton S. C. The particulars of his escape are not 
stated, but there is no doubt of the fxt that he was. 
vn Baltimore on Thursday last and left it the same 
day for "Washington city. It is reported he is about 
to purchase an estate in New Jersey, and that lie is 
rich. 

Custom-hovse receipts. The duties on imported 
goods entered at the custom-house in New York, 
in the months of April, May and June, amount to 

nearly four millions of dollars. The following 

statement for these months, is authentic; the ac- 
counts for July is not yet made up: 

April . 500,000 

May . . . . 1,300,000 
June . , . . 2,139,000 

Total , . \ 3,939,000 

£jTt is probable that the duties on goods receiv- 
ed in July will exceed those of June, and those of 
August and September be greater than either. An 
immense business is doing in JVew York. It is said 
to fee as busy as the busiest part of London. This 
will probably, and very soon begone of the greatest 
cities in the world. 

Vermont election. It is probable, from the re- 
turns of votes that have reached us, that the re- 
publican ticket for governor, &c. has prevailed in 
Vermont by an unprecedented majority — Mr. Chit- 
tenden] the present governor, giving place to Mr. 
Galuiha, rep. The return of 35 towns gives a re- 
an nctt gain of 503 votes. 

Water ^melons. 120 water-melons, raised in New- 
Jersey, by a Mr. Browning, were recently offered 
for sale in the Philadelphia market, the average 
weight of which was supposed to be nearly 50 lbs. 
The largest weighed 50 lbs. 

Buffalo, SfaM&niber 5. The British government 

armed sch&flr Tccumseh, was dismasted by a gale 

n Safctfdajr la<;t, in sight of this port, She bad 

'bout 1Q0 tbi rt en board, but we understand no lives 



were lost. She returned to fort Erie the same day 
under jury masts, and proceeded to the navy yard 
at Chippewa, where she is repairing. 

IsrLAN-p xavigatiox. Seneca Zocfa?>— We have the 
satisfaction to state (says the Geneva Gazette) that 
on the 23d August, the first boat (about 70 feet in 
length) went through the two upper locks on the 
Seneca falls, loaded with upwards of one hundred 
persons, in presence of a great number of specta- 
tors, collected from different parts of the country. 
The boat, having entered the guard lock, went 
through the new canal, nearly 3-4ths of a mile in 
length, and descended the two locks in 23 minutes 
— then turned about in the Seneca river and re- 
ascended the locks in 9 minutes — all which no 
doubt will be accomplished hereafter in much less- 
time, considering that every thing was new, and ma- 
naged by hands imacquainted with lock navigation 
concerns, the architect, Mr. Marshal Lewis, ex- 
cepted, whose faithful exertions deserve the high- 
est praise. The workmanship of these locks, as it 
respects solidity and neatness, is probably not ex- 
ceeded by any heretofore constructed. The locks, 
canals and dams, as far down as colonel Mynder's 
old mills, will, no doubt, be completed before win- 
ter; and the remainder, near and below the colo- 
nel's new mill, will in all probability pass inspec- 
tion by the middle of next season. The completion 
of these locks, will be important, not only as it 
respects the advantages which this village will 
derive from it, but in particular, the convenience 
of transportation for the immense country west of 
this. 

New-York, September 11. The steam frigate "Ful- 
ton the First," got under way in the East river 
this morning, at low water, and moved majestically 
into the bay. When north of Castle Williams, the 
Fulton fired a national salute, which was returned 
from fort Columbus, on Governor's island. The, 
spectacle gave great delight t© hundreds assembled 
on the Battery. As soon as the smoke had cleared 
away, the steam frigate was seen' ploughing her 
way with steadiness and speed. The wind being 
ahead and no tide in her favor, the trial made to- 
day must remove the doubts that hitherto lingered 
in the breasts of a few. [It is stated that during 
the whole time she was under way, she made at the* 
rate of 5 1-2 knots per hour!] 

Plattsburg, August 6. The new steam-boat has 
commenced running from Whitehall to St. John's, on 
Lake Champlain. We understand this boat is fit- 
ted up in a style not inferior to those on the North 
TJiver. 

Decisions in the Court of King's Bench, London.-** 
Small vox. Two convictions lately occurred in 
this court for spreading the infection of small-pox. 
The first is that of Sophia Vantandillo, charged in 
the indictment with carrying her infant son into, 
the streets, Sec. in an infectious stage of the small- 
pox. She concealed the fact from her neighbors— 
"Near her house was a children's schoo>, and ele- 
ven persons caught the disease, of whom eight died 
— one a girl of 18." The court sentenced her to 3 
months imprisonment in the king's bench. 

2d case. J. Burnett was tried and convicted, on 
the 7th June, for exposing several children in the 
streets, in the infectious stage of the small-pox; — 
He was sentenced to six months imprisonment. The 
court said, "that if a person choose to inoculate for 
the small-pox, *it must be done in a mode not dan- 
gerous toothers. The person, when in a stage of 
infection, must r.'ji be carried into, the haunts of 
men." 



JtfL#S> WSE&LY REGISTER— MACKEN&OT'S MEMOIRS; 45 



Royal Doings, 

PHILADELPHIA, 3d Sept. 1815. 

Sir— I take the liberty to forward you for pub- 
lication tlie enclosed manuscript, containing- a full 
and complete detail of all the extraordinary narra- 
tions recorded in the no less extraordinary pamphlet 
whose title stands at the head of the piece. It was 
the principal source of'amusement to the author 
during- a recent voyage from England to America, 
and he hopes it may not prove less amusing to your 
numerous readers. 

With true respect, 

Your ob't serv't A. B. 

SECRET MEMOIRS OF THE HONORABLE ANDREW COCH- 
RANE JOHNSTONE, OF THE HONORABLE VICE-ADMIRAL 
SIR ALEXANDER COCHRANE, JC. B. AND OF SIR THOMAS 
JOHN COCHRANE, A CAPTAIN IN THE ROYAL NAVY; 
WITH AX ACCOUNT OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH 
LED TO THE DISCOVERY OF THE CONSPIRACY OF LORD 
COCHRANE AND OTHERS TO DEFRAUD THE STOCK EX- 
CHANGE. BY A. MACKENROT. LONDOtf; PRINTED BY 

AND FOR THE AUTHOR, PALL-MALLJ AND PUBLISHED 
BY C. CHAPPLE, PALL-MALL. 1814, p. p. 122. 

Of the illustrious trio, whose characters are de- 
picted in such striking- colors by Mr. Mackenrot, 
we profess to have no other knowledge but what 
public report has made us acquainted with; and of 
Mr. Mackenrot himself, we know no more than what 
he lias told us at the seventieth page of his pam- 
phlet, to wit. that he was late a magistrate in the 
island of Tortola. Unable therefore to estimate 
with accuracy the weight of character attached to 
either of the parties, we shall not venture to ex- 
press an opinion in regard to Mr. Mackenrot's state- 
ments; but proceed at once to lay before our read- 
ers a series of the most abandoned acts, that per- 
haps were ever contained within the compass of 120 
pages. The author has a short preface, in which, 
decerning to employ the pruning knife of criticism, 
and the embellishments of professors in the art of 
book making; lie humbly trusts, that truth will be 
found preferable to high-flown and labored elo- 
quence and styie.-^He then proceeds to the secret 
memoirs of the honorable Andrew Cochrane John- 
stone,* professing to have before his eyes the fear of 
God, and the fear of the attorney-general; and hav- 
ing determined to confine himself to a narrative of 
facts, such as came to his own immediate know- 
ledge: (he having been an eye witness to most of the 
occurrences here related, and having repeatedly en- 
deavored to bring the hon. offenders to public trial.) 
'He solemnly declares, that he writes merely for the 
purpose o£public justice, and not to slander or revile 
any private character, being able and willing to 
prove all his assertions in any court of justice. By 
prefixing his name to this publication, he bids de- 
fiance to all, who may conceive themselves too se- 
verely spoken of, being persuaded that his pages, 
far from inviting an ex-officio information, for libel 
from the attorney-general, will rather attract the 
notice of this crown-lawyer, to induce him to in- 
stitute prosecutions of the divers public wrongs and 
offences here complained of. Mr. Mackenrot then 
enters with great boldness upon the consideration of 
the celebrated hoax that was played oif on the stock 
exchange 



on the 21st of February, 1814, (and of 
which he appears to have been the first informer) j ber, instead of releasing 

~ '-, ' 'lateral obligation, went 

*This gentleman's original name was Andrew j , 

■Cochrane. — "Johntftyae" \ras added by act of par 

Ikimentf: 



for the purpose of vindicating the conduct oF"hij 
majesty's secretary of state for the home depart- 
ment," during "this nefarious transaction." Hi3 
remarks are chiefly confined to the legality of ar- 
resting M. de Berenger, and " the lawless design* 
conceived and executed by two members of the 
house of commons, both honorable men, both guar- 
dians of their country." Dispensing however with 
this part of the subject for the present, we shall be- 
gin with our author's memoirs of Mr. Cochrane John- 
stone at that part of it, where he declares that the 
"high powers of mind" ascribed to the honorable 
member, "will invariably turn out to be the crafty 
contrivances and schemes to overreach the unwary, 
to betray private friendship, to corrupt public men, 
and to gratify avarice, lust, and ambition, at tiie ex*, 
pence of justice and honor." 

According to Mr. Mackenrot, sir Thomas John 
Cochrane was betrayed into the fraud upon the 
stock exchange by his uncle Cochrane Johnstone ; 
who "grown grey in iniquity," was not content witk 
his own disgraceful plans for defrauding the public. 
— The latter, "about 12 years ago, was married for 
the second time 1 to madamoiselle de Clugny, a 
French lady of great fortune in the island of Gtra- 
daloupe, who was divorced again from him short- 
ly afterwards, not as the Public Charactersj- inform-* 
ed us, by the mere fat of the French governor, m 
consequence of orders he had received for that pm> 
pose from France, but from her own choice, she be- 
ing prompted to an act of separation by the ill usage 
she experienced on the part of Mr. Cochrane John- 
stone. She indignantly returned him the few thou- 
sand dollars he had sent-her in July 1803, from Mont- 
serrat, together with his letters unopened; and[ 
Mr. C. Johnstone soon indemnified himself, by reliev- 
ing the monotony of the scene in the embraces of a 
variety of concubines, whose abject condition com- 
pelled them to submit to his brutalities; and in par- 
ticular one instance we know, says the author, where 
an innocent beautiful creature, whom he had de- 
bauched, and taken away from her friends^ fell a 
sacrifice to his brutal treatment, which occa- 
sioned an abortive delivery on board the packet on 
the wide Atlantic ocean, and in the most comfort- 
less and destitute situation. 

Mr. Cochrane Johnstone, however, was not so un- 
fortunate in all his illicit amours, having by a prior 
connection of that kind a natural son, or what the 
old fashioned people used to call a bastard, who 
was some years ago a midshipman in the royal nav)^ 
and, no doubt, if the young gentleman's natural 
uncle, sir Alexander Cochrane, continues in. favor, 
interest and command, this young Mr. Johnstone 
will be soon made a post captain before he attains 
the age of twenty-one, as there is a precedent in the 
legitimate part of his family, which happened in 
the years 1805 and 1806, to the great edification 
and encouragement of the old lieutenants and mas- 
ters and commanders on the leeward Island station, 
as the reader will find in the sequel. 

The author then details one of Mr. C. Johnstone's 
"characteristic performances," in which no calcula- 
tions are made either of "risk or consequences.'* 
Mr. Johnston had prevailed upon a Mr. Baxter in 
the island of Montserrat to become liis surety for 
the value of a neutral ship and cargo, captured by 
a privateer belonging to the former, and condemn- 
ed; but subsequently restored to the claimant on 
an appeal to the prize court: when the hon. mem- 
!^afft«-Mj., Baxter from his col - 
off", and left him in the 



f A periodica], biographical w^fk, printed ia-L«r 
ds>n. 



45 NILES' TTEBKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1(5, 1815. 



lurch, "to pay every farthing- out of his own pock- 
et/' At St. Christophers, he found means through 

the instigation of a certain Dr. A g's wife, who 

was a native of Scotland, to obtain possession of 
100 negro slaves, (consigned with others in a French 
pri/.e slave ship to the doctor), for a bill of his own 
on England. The doctor, it seems, had a great re- 
pugnance at first against the honorable gentleman's 
bill, but the latter by palavering the wife, soon 
gained his point; and having exported the negroes 
to St. Barts and St. Thomas' and there sold them 
for cash in hard dollars, embarked for England, 
where, savs the author, no doubt, he always voted 
for the abolition of the slave trade, although in re- 
ality an abettor and active practitioner in this nefa- 
rious traffic As to the doctor's bill, of course it 
was never paid. He was next tried, upon his re- 
turn to England, by court martial, and struck from 
the army list. At the same time also, he was ac- 
cused of exciting mutiny in one of the black West 
India regiments;" whom he wanted to work as field 
negroes upon his own plantation, and of having or- 
dered them to be fired upon by the soldiers of ano- 
ther corps, when the blacks refused to lay down 
their arms. 

Soon after, he was returned to parliament for 
Grampound, by twenty-seven votes. The way of 
conducting the elections of the small boroughs in 
Cornwall* says our author, is too well known tore- 
quire any comment.* A seat in parliament is a ve- 
ry convenient thing for a man in distress, as it pro- 
tects him from personal arrests; but Mr. C. John- 
stone's West-India creditors became clamorous, &c. 
some of them went so far as to proceed at lav/ 
against Jkim/to obtain executions, and seize his fur- 
niture and other effects. London was therefore no 
longer a desirable spot for our hero, and he embark- 
ed for the island of Tortola, where 'his majesty's 
ship Beleisle,' sir Alexander F. Cochrane's flag ship, 
was then at anchor. Here, under the countenance 
nf his brother, the admiral, he acted occasionally as 
a common informer, contriving seizures of every 
tiling that struck him as desirable. Upon the cap- 
ture of thepanish islands, through the influence of 
the admiral, he was appointed auctioneer andag m 
tor the captors; and his first performance in this 
capacity, was to bribe the judge of the vice-admi- 
ralty prize-court of Tortola, to condemn the royal 
Danish loans, and also certain Dutch loans, amount- 
ing to an immense sum. This sentence was revers- 
ed by the lords of appeal for prizes; not without 
the most severe animadversions on the scandalous 
conduct of the said judge. Mr. C. Johnstone, how- 
ever, having an eye to his own benefit, had in the 
meantime got possession of all the bonds, and the 
produce and money paid by the planters of the said 
bland in liquidation of the interest due thereon; and 
upon being afterwards ordered to surrender up 
this property, to be administered in the name of 
'his majesty,' lie refused; was arrested — released 
Upon his -uurd of honor — broke his parole — stole 
aw;.v m the depth of the night, and got on board 
ri-.e "of the admiral's lenders, which was lying in 
readiness to receive him. The tender got under 
weigh immediately, touched at day-light at Torto- 
la, distant 12 leagues, where Mr. C. Johnstone land- 
ed at the author's house; and, upon pushing ofi 
again, requested his appearance to be kept secret. 
lie rowed towards the homeward bound packet, em- 
B u-k* <i, and about an hour after sailed for England. 
tfpon !.is arrival an attachment was issued against 
his person by the high court of appeals xoi- prizes, 
Cor a contempt in not bringing into court the pro- 



*;:.'•.; er frank fpr a ministerial writer. -wSc:., Kn. 



ceeds of the Danish and Dutch loans, agreeably io 
the monition, citation and inhibition served on hini 
for this purpose at St. Croix; but, on account of his 
'parliamentary interest/ it was never served upon 
him. The sum which he had illegally devoted to 
his own private interest, anel which he had thus been 
cited to bringjjinto court, amounted to 70,000«£ ster-' 
ling; and this stun, after a considerable jf lapse of 
time, was paid for him by Messrs* Finley, J3anna^ 
tine & Co. of London, in order to obtain his dis- 
charge from the fear of arrest. The last grand 
scheme and speculation in which Mr. C* Johnstone 
engaged prior to the stock-jobbing fraud, was the 
supplying the Spanish government with arms to re- 
sist their subjugation by the French. He obtained 
a contract for furnishing the junta with a very large 
quantity of muskets, about 100,000 pieces, at a sti- 
pulated price of £3 3s. each. These muskets he- 
procured at Birmingham, at the low rate of 17s. — 
It is true, they were only ghosts of muskets j says 
our author, totally unfit for sendee; but this was no 
matter to the contractor; he had made them like 
the razors of Peter Pindar, "for sale, and not for 
shaving." He was to receive payment in specie at 
Vera Cruz, and a British frigate being appointed to 1 
carry him thither from Cadiz, he took care to lay 
hi at this place a large quantity of foreign mantr-'" 
factured goods, with a view to smuggle them on 
shore in some of the West India islands. At Do- 
minica, however, the captain learnt, (what was be- 
fore unknown to him) that his honorable passenger" 
had contraband goods on board; when this worthy 
officer, says the author, immediately reprobated 
him publicly on the quarter-deck, and hinted his 
inclination of throwing the smuggler, along with 
his goods, overboard. 

We are next presented with some traits in the 
character of 'the honorable sir Alexander Forres-' 
ter Cochrane, K. B;' who, during the late war, com- 
manded a squadron of ships oh the American 
coast. In the engagement with the French on the 
6th of February, 1806, off St. Domingo, although* 
'his majesty's- ships Superb, (sir Thomas Duck- 
worth's flag ship) and Northumberland, bearing the 
flag of sir Alexander, sustained alone for nearly two 
hours the whole brunt of the French fire;' yet Mr," 
Mackenrot insists, that sir Alexander's laurels in 
this action, sprang- from compulsion, and not from 
spontaneous bravery; in short, that he ivas obliged 
to fight, and would rather have been excused from 
laying alongside the French admiral's ship, which 
was a three-decker. Sir Alexander's meeting" with 
the fleet of Jerome Bonaparte on the fatal 6th of Ju- 
ly, 1806, says our author, presents one of those me- 
lancholy and solitary instances ivliere the honor of 
the British flag wan tarnished. The admiral was 
here commander in chief, and his injudicious fears 
got such au ascendancy over lu3 mind, as to make 
hint actually see double, when surveying - the enemy's 
force. The French fleet consisted of one 84, and 
five 74 gun ships; the British of three 74' s, one 6 i 9 
and two 86 gun frigates: and the former having lost 
a number of men through sickness, were but half 
manned — a circumstance perfectly known to admi- 1 
ral Cochrane. The two flees met off St. Thomas* 
— 'when, instead of closing and attacking the rear' 
of the French., the English squadron all of a sud- 
den tacked to the southward, and quietly suffered 
the French to continue their course straight to the 
westward of Porto Rico. We need scarcely to add, 
saya. the author, that tne sentence of admiral ifyng- 
was immediately pronounced against sir Alexander*" 
Cochrane by hundreds of voices of his indignant 
cpur^rymen at St. Thomas', whilst the French- ex.- 



-WILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— MACKENROTS MEMOIRS. 



47 



ttltnig-ly crowed in the momentary triumph of the 
pavilion tricolore, which so rarely fell to their lot. 

Mammon is the god of the greatest part of the 
Cochrane family, and there are but few instances 
of their love of glory. After this affair the admi- 
ral returned with his squadron to Tortola, where, 
at a dinner on board the Northumberland, Mr. Mack- 
enrot heard him acknowledge, that he abstained 
from attacking the enemy, because he saio the origi- 
nal French squadron, which he had chased from off 
Tortola, already superior in numbers, form a junction 
with three other line of battle ships off the west end of 
the island of St. Thomas.' 

ftisum teneatis amici? 

Sterne says, "the mind sits terrified at the ob- 
jects she magnified herself, and blackened: reduce 
them to their proper size and hue, she overlooks 
them." Alas, this was admiral Cochrane's case; 
for these pretended three line of battle ships, which 
the panic-struck knight imagined he saw to lee- 
ward joining the French squadron, turned out to 



ber of the ships of his squadron, sailed for Halifax* 
to be out of the reach ot the hurricanes, during the 
season. In Nova Scotia he possessed an estate^ 
which being plentifully stocked with horned cat- 
tle, mules, Etc. and the said admiral being a great 
adept in the useful science of purserage, he saw, 
on this occasion, much clearer than when in chase 
of the French squadron off St. Thomas* for he found 
out, and that without a council of war, that the 
supplying of the navy would prove an excellent 
market for his commodity; and thereby getting the 
start of the graziers of Nova Scotia, he command- 
ed his purser to buy of him, in his grazing capaci- 
ty, a large quantity of bullocks, with which, after 
having fully stocked his fleet, he sailed for the 
West Indies; where, probably, they were charged 
to the commissioners for victualling 'his majesty V 
navy, at an advanced price; whereby the admiral 
managed to reap the additional profits arising from 
the freight, saving of insurance, besides the differ- 
ence of the market and the course of exchange. — 



be nothing more nor less, than three harmless home- We can assure the reader, continues the author, 
■ward bound Danish merchantmen, who had sailed from our own personal knowledge, that sir Alcxan- 



that very morning from the harbor of St. Thomas, 
bound to Copenhagen. 

The French fleet consisted of the following 
ships, viz: 

Le Foudroyant, 84 guns — admiral Willaumez 

Le Veteran 74 guns — Jerome Bonaparte 

Le Hazard 74 guns 

•Le Patriot . 74 guns 

L'Eole 74 guns 

L'Impeteux 74 guns 

456 guns 
The English of the 
Northumberland, 
Canada 

Elephant 
Agamemnon 

Seine, frigate 
Galatea, do. 



74 guns-^-a&miral Cochrane 
74 guns — capt.Harvey 
74 guns — capt. Dundas 
64 guns — capt. Rose 
36 guns — capt. Matson 
36 guns — capt. Sayers 



358 guns — difference 98 gs. 
Against this inferior number of guns, Mr. Macken- 
rot considers the very superior efficiency of the Bri- 
tish ■ officers and crews, their freshness from the 
port of English Harbor, Antigua, (the first naval 
arsenal in the West Indies) to form a very great 
set-off, and even to over-balance the scale; as the 
sickliness of the French crews, and the inexperi- 
ence of their officers, were well known and ascer- 
tained. 

After noticing the futility of the excuse set up 
by the admiral, namely, his having in charge the 



der Cochrane employed 'his majesty's' ship Beleisle 
of 74 guns, to all intents and purposes, as a mule, 
cattle ship, and smuggler — as we saw him land, and 
sell mules from on board said ship, the Beleisle 
then at anchor at Tortola, without any entry being; 
made of the same at the custom-house; for which 
offence the said ship, the Beleisle, would have 
been liable to seizure, had the pusillanimous offi- 
cers of the custom-house of Tortola understood 
their duty and dared to execute it The author 
then quotes the 18th British article of war, in a 
note, to prove that it is forbidden (under the pen- 
alty of being cashiered, and forever after rendered 
incapable to serve in any place or office in the na- 
val service of 'his majesty,' his heirs or successors) 
for any officer in the navy to receive or permit tu 
be received onboard his ship, any .goods or mer- 
chandize whatsoever, other than for the sole use of 
the said ship or vessel; except gold, silver and 
jewels, and except goods or merchandize shipwreck- 
ed, ike. In autumn, 1807, the author saw with his 
own eyes, sir Alexander Cochrane purchase a large 
quantity of duck and sheeting, through the inter- 
ference of a person of the name of John Carruthers* 
whom he had constituted king's butcher, or con- 
tractor for the supply of fresh beef for the use of 
'his majesty's' ships, when in the port of Tortola. 
This person conspired with the said admiral to give 
vouchers, and receive payment in bills of exchange 
from the purser of the Belle-isle, drawn on the vic- 
tualling board, purporting, to be tor so much fre^i 
beef supplied; when, in fact, no such beef at alt 



homeward bound convoy; and that it was generally 1 had been supplied: and the same was done by the 
expected in the West Indies he would find it diffi- command and contrivance of the said admiral, for 



cult to account for his conduct to the admiralty; 
the author proceeds to contrast this inglorious 
meeting of the two squadrons with several British 
actions fought with the French and Spaniards un- 
der similar circumstances, in regard to the dispari- 
ty of force, particularly those of sir John Jervis and 
lord Nelson, in 1797, He then, after a pretty long- 
episode, resumes his narrative of the conduct of sir 
Alexander, by stating him to be as blameable in af- 
fording encouragement to his son, and other offi- 
cers of the nav\ r , for carrying on illegal exporta- 
tions of prize produce from Tortola to St. Thomas, 
France, Spain, Denmark, and America; and protect- 
ing the same by 'his majesty's' ships, for money, 
which he shared, and regularly received, thereby 
becoming an accessory hi this criminal breach of 
•duty. 

in August 1,807, admiral Cochrane. 



the purpose of defrauding the said commissioners 
for victualling 'his majesty's' navy, and the public 
at large. 

Sir Alexander Cochrane liad, by this time amass- 
ed a large fortune, partly by .straight, partly bv 
crooked means, as we have seen, without bung ia 
the least satiated. He already possessed an estate 
in Nova Scotia, another at Bermuda, and a third in 
Trinidad. After having exposed his incapacity and 
unfitness for command, on account of the timidity 
and avarice which he displayed, we will now, there- 
fore, says our Author, add", and substantiate an 
instance of great cruelty and oppression, originat- 
ing in felony, murder, and robbery! not in the figu- 
rative, but in the direct sense of the word, as Mr. 
VVilberforce and Mr. Brougham, these great advo- 
cates of humanity, expressed themselves. The 
fch a nti-ra- fruits of ail these er'xies, sir Alexander Coc&rcrds 



48 TALES* WEEKLY REGISTERS A/TURD1Y, SEPTEMBER itf, 1815. 



appropriated to himself, by concentrating- in him 
the profits arising from such criminal transactions, 
ami all the guilt and responsibility attached to 
such felony, murder and robbery. 

Sir Alexander took, illegally, possession of, and 
appropriated to himself a large number of negroes, 
about 200, who had been captured on board of two A- 
mericm slave ships, namely, the brig- Amadea, John- 
ston, master, and the schooner Nancy, Vidal, mas- 
ter, which had been carried into the port of Torto- 
la by some British ships of war, and condemned 
under the act subjecting- slaves, taken as prize, to 
condemnation for the use of "his majesty," for cer- 
uJn special ends and purposes, namely, the males to 
be draf I ed into the army and navy, and the females 
and children to be bound out as apprentices to some 
useful trade for 14 years. 

Sir Alexander Cochrane, in manifest violation of 
his duty, continued, with the connivance of the 
judge of the vice-admiralty prize court, and of the 
king^s agent at Tortola, to appropriate to himself 
these men, women, and children, near 200 in num- 
ber, whom he carried off, in slavery, to the island of 
Trinidad, where they have been, and still continue, 
to be unlawfully forced to work as field negroes, on 
a sugar plantation belonging to the said sir Alexan- 
der Cochrane, without their having any chance of 
reclaiming their liberty thus usurped, upon their 
first importation from Africa, before they acquired 
any knowledge of the English language, and con- 
sequently before they could form any conception of 
the protection and advantages granted to them by 
that generous and humane trait in the policy of 
Great Britain — the abolition of the slave trade. 

A few days before the departure of sir Alexander 
Cochrane, in H. M. S. Asia, from Portsmouth to 
Bermuda, the author urged this subject with Mr. 
Wiiberforce, and since transmitted a statement 
thereof to earl Bathurst, to enable him in his ofR- 
cial capacity, as secretary of the home colonial de- 
partment, to make further enquiries into this sub- 
ject, as likewise the African institution, who have 
laid the case before government, so that in course 
of time this cruel act of usurpation is sure to be re- 
dressed, and the objects thereof to be relieved. 

It may be objected with apparent foundation, that 
we should have brought forward these charges in 
time, and not waited until the disgraceful conspira- 
cy to defraud the stock exchange, and all the other 
exposures resulting from it, laid open the Cochrane 
family to the sneers and aspersions of every insidi- 
ous reviler. To this objection, we beg leave to re- 
ply, that some of of our accusations were brought 
fc,r ;vard three or four years ago, although in a more 
grcncral way, and that we specifically accused sir 
Alexander Cochrane of a breach of his duty and of 
the articles of war, as long ago as in the month of 
November last, when his appointment to the com- 
mand of the Worth American station was first men- 
tioned in the newspapers as being in contemplation. 

Since the late trial of admiral Stirling, at Ports- 
anouth, we have again offered to the lords of the 
admiralty, to make out, prove and substantiate, 
pome stronger and more disgraceful cases of the 
#ame description; and requested for that purpose, 
to be allowed access to the log-books of certain 
■iiips, deposited at Somerset-House. This letter 
W& forwarded by the two-penny post, and neces- 
sarily must have" reached its destination, but was 
never answered. V/c are, therefore, obliged to 
le with 'J i e corroborative information we ex- 
pected U> draw from the said log-hooks, which the 
admiralty seems anxious to withhold; and, on that 
;■ secant, fert^nd to submit ell? charges in. writing, 



and demand a court>martial according to lav?"; And 
it now will remain to be seen, whether the first lorci 
of the admiralty dares to fiy in the face of the laws 
of his country, and protect and screen his creatures 
from the eye of public investigation, or not. 

The duty of ordering- a court martial, continued 
Mr. Mackenrot, upon a complaint in writing being 1 
made, appears to be imperative upon the lords com- 
missioners of the admiralty, and not discretionary* 
we therefore conceive, that the admiralty is bound 
to summon a court martial to try sir Alexander, and 
sir Thomas John Cochrane, on the charges preferred 
by us, as we must abide by the legal consequences^ 
if they are found false or groundless, an event of 
which we do not entertain the smallest apprehen- 
sion. Perhaps their lordships are in daily expecta-? 
tion of receiving intelligence of some glorious 
achievment performed by their trust-worthy com- 
mander-in-chief, at Halifax,* in order to stop the 
mouths of such obscene Scribblers as we are; but 
if this be the case, their present insertions in the 
Gazette are rather meagre and tardy; as only some 
inferior American vessels of war, privateers, have 
been taken by sir Alexander's detached squadron, 
and if things do not soon mend, then, indeed, (t Le 
jeu ne vantpas la Chandelle" 

When sir Alexander was first appointed to his pre- 
sent command, the greatest expectations were en- 
tertained of the exploits he was to perfoxm: im- 
mense preparations were made at Portsmouth. — ■ 
There was such a bustle and packing of ammuni-' 
tion, rockets, fire-ships, bombs and conveniences 
for red-hot balls, and other missile weapons; two- 
deckers were cut down to smaller vessels; my lord 
Cochrane forsook his seat in the senate, and even 
baron de Berenger, of sharp-shooting memory, had, 
at sir Alexander's request, scraped the rust off his 
father's toledo, as lord Cochrane is pleased to. inform 
us on oath: when, alas! we ask, what has been done 
since February, the time of sir Alexander's sailing 
from Portsmouth? Nothing. 

Parturiunt montes, nascitur ridiculvs mus. 
Why, sir Alexander must have been asleep all thi3 
while; or was he engaged on shore in grazing, cat- 
tle-dealing, wood-cutting, slop-selling, smuggling^ 
or other such money-making callings? 

His proclamation to the negroes in the southern 
states, is the chief composition among the state 
papers that issued from his pen; but this kidnap- 
ping system 'his majesty's ministers' have very 
properly disowned and disapproved off Such a 
warfare has never been resorted to in the colonies, 
not even at the time when mutual animosity ran 
highest between the French and English islands 
during the last war. What would the British West 
India planters say, if the American government* hi 
order to retaliate, would order her numerous and 
enterprising privateers to entice from the British 
colonies, where they can always land in the day 
time, whole gangs of negroes, who would be very 
easily prevailed upon to fly from slavery and to seek 
refuge in the black republic of Hayti? How per- 
nicious, how destructive would this prove to Ja- 
maica and the windward islands? We were at first 
informed by the newspapers, that many hundred 
negroes had arrived from the United States at Ber* 
muda, where they did vastly well and earned a dol- 
lar a day; presently the tune was changed, and we 



* The Admiral was at this time on the American, 
const. 

f Would to Cod they would extend the samer 
mercy towards the brave tars*of the United States:-* 
it wsuld save a great deal of blood-shed— -A-st. Fa?. 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



No. 4 ov Vol. IX. 



BA1/I 1YIORE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1815. [whole no. 212. 



Hac (Aim meminisse juvabit. — Yiuoil. 



PIMSTED AND I'l'nrnSHKO BY H. NILKS. NO. 29, SOUTH CALVEIIT-8TIIEET, AT $5 PER ANNUM. 



heard hat these poor deluded wretches were in 
tire most abject condition-and starving-. How came 
this great reduction of labor to happen? Bid sir 
Alexander, perhaps, only pick out tlie stout and able 
men for his own estate in Trinidad, and leave the 
sickly ones to perish, as he did in 1808, at Tor- 
tola? 

Sir Alexander Cochrane has about a hundred pen- 
nants, of all sizes and descriptions, under his or- 
ders; the season is considerably advanced, and still 
we hear nohing of the great and extensive opera- 
tions he Was to perform: such as the bombarding 
x)f Boston and New- York, tlie burning* of Balti- 
more, the destruction of the frigates at New Lon- 
don, and in the docks and arsenals of all the sea- 
ports — the scouring of the Delaware and Chesapeak 
up to the very threshold of president Madison's 
Residence. If sir Alexander performs a fractional 
part of this round sum of operations, which, in con- 
sideration of his great and chosen forces, he could 
hardly miss (and which, Mr. Mackenrot might have 
: &dded,is as much, and perhaps more than a British 
force is equal to) then, and then alone, all would 
he well, &c. 

Jn point of sir Alexander's other frauds, says Mr. 
Mackenrot in -his concluding* paragraph, which, if 
\ve include the illeg-al exportation of prize pro- 
duce before alluded to, amounts to many thousands, 
what sentence will he deserve, when we find the 
•oLher day, admiral William Bradley, sentenced to 
death at the Winchester assizes, for defrauding* the 
post-master at Gosport of the paltry sum of £o 8s. 
6d. and forging a receipt for the same? This is what 
admiral Cochrane's avarice, not his distresses, have 
led liim to. 

We are now brought to the memoir of sir Tho- 
mas John Cochrane, member of parliament, who,- 
Mr. Mackenrot informs ns, is a son of sir Alexan- 
der Cochrane, and commands at present H. M. S. 
Surprise, a new 38 gun frigate, on the West India 
station. We shall forbear to interrupt the narra- 
tive with any remarks as we pass along, but give, 
as in sir Alexander's case, whatever we liave to put 
down of it, in Mr. Mackenrot's own words, re- 
serving our own thoughts concerning it until the 
last. 

The riseand progress which this young gentle- 
man made in his profession, is so uncommonly ra- 
pid, that we cannot deny ourselves the pleasure of 
detecting the fatal effects of misapplied power, pa- 
tronage and family interest, which guides the promo- 
tion of a certain department; and perhaps we could* 
even aspire, most humbly and most respectfully, 
to undeceive the illustrious personage who now 
wields the sceptre of these realms, and who is the 
Constitutional fountain of honor, by submitting how 
little the subject of these memoirs is deserving of 
the honor of knighthood,* conferred upon him bv 
'his royal highness the prince regent,' probably at 
the recommendation of one of the confidential ser- 
vants of the orown, whose representations we must 
thence pronounce to have been a gross imposition. 



*But pray, Mr. Mackenrot, how do you get over 
the honor conferred upon the pnppv Ferdinand of 
jgpain?— Am. Ed. 



The author then states, that Mr. Thomas John 
Cochrane arrived in the West Indies in 1895, as a 
midshipman, and served on board the Jason frigate, 
'captain W. Burgundy Champain, a worthy veteran,' 
and full of spirit, if wc may judge from his name. 
He was shortly ofier promoted to the rank of lieu- 
tenant by his father, and while serving in that capa- 
city on board the same ship, he suffered her to get 
ashore off Porto Rico, during his watch upon deck; 
but as she was not materially injured, no court mar- 
tial was called to try him for his negUet. Some ac- 
tive service then requiring one of the oncers of 
the ship to volunteer in heading the boat's crew \o 
board and cut out the Spanish letter of marque 
called Los Dolores, from under the batteries of 
Porto Rico, Mr. Thomas John Cochrane <vsrg pru- 
dently remained behind, allowing, contrary to the 
etiquette of the service, (he being* third lieutenant) 
his senior officer, a Mr. Patterson, to amuse him- 
self with the performance of this exploit, in tlie 
most gallant manner. Mr. Patterson, however, re- 
mained a lieutenant, whilst the cowardly Mr. Coch- 
rane was promoted over his head to the rank of 
master and commander, and post captain; in which 
capacity he afterwards commanded the same ship, 
the Jason, and all his former senior officers, under 
whom he had served as a youngster. 

He was next put on board the corvette Melville, 
as master and commander — a beautiful swift-sailing 
vessel, captured from the French by the Jason. She 
mounted 22 gains, and had a complement of 125 
picked men. Tlie admiral, anxious to see his son 
make his debut, expected he would perform won- 
ders in this crack ship. In this hope, however, he 
was wofully disappointed, for the yonng comman- 
der took nothing worth recording in the pages of 
the Gazette, but two pitiful little French privateers 
of one gun each, and with a crew of 25 or 30 men* 
Afterwards, when all was alacrity and joy on board 
the Melville; the brave tars eage*iy anticipating 
the glory and prize-money they wer» on the point 
of earning — she ran away suddenly from a French. 
privateer brig of 16 guns, belonging to Guadaloupe, 
and a heavy lade. ■ English merchant ship, her prize, 
worth .£90,000. In consequence of this capt. Cocn* 
rane became the laughing-stock of the whole island 
of Antigua; and himself, as well as his officers, 
were, for a long time, quizzed on account of the 
miserable adventure. He did not long remain in 
the Melville, however; for his father, the admiral, 
soon took an opportunity to promote him to the 
rank of post captain, in spite of his want of con- 
duct, knowledge and experience, and, as it is gene- 
rally reported, actually b n fjre he had attained the 
age of t-weaty-one years,- in direct contravention of 
the regulations of the navy, and without having 
distinguished himself in any all ape to warrant such, 
premature promotion. We cannot absolutely take> 
upon ourselves to say, that false certifica:es of bap j 
tism, or the like, were produced to the admiralty, 
but the extremely boyish appearance of the young*- 
post captain, and the general outcry of all the other 
officers, young and old, on this 4 occasion, coupled 
with tlie date of sir Alexander's marriage, scarcely 
admits of the possibility of his having been of age^ 
at the time this prorootirm to.ok pha^e-* anjij hy 



5f> FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1815. 



right, he ought to have been of age before he pass- 
ed for a lieutenant. Observe, reader, that this ra- 
pid promotion from a midshipman to post captain, 
was gone through in about one twelvemonth. 

Over the heads of old and meritorious officers, 
then* this unlit stripling, as the author styles him, 
Mns, early in 1806, found in the command of 'his 
mnjestyV ship Jason; on whose quarter-deck he 
had but very lately received the reproofs, and un- 
dergone, at' least "deserved, the punishments inci- 
dental to the station of midshipman-. His conduct 
Kdw became haughty, overbearing, and extremely 
tyrannical; Flogging was the order of the day with 
him, and so much did he delight in this cruel part 
of naval discipline, that he often ordered the whole 
ship's company to be flogged, when his whim and 
caprice invented a general, imaginary ami perhaps 
iniiself, trivial offence. Fancy to yourself, reader, 
a full complement of a frigate, consisting of 225 
n|en, all brave veteran tars, being ignominiously 
dragged to a gun, man by man, stripped, bound and 
having* their bare backs lacerated by the lash of a cat 
p.f-nine-taihj and all this at the nod of a beardless 
hov, because, forsooth, this boy has, through the 
interest of a father and the corruption of the times,* 
been irregularly, illegally and scandalously promo- 
ted to the rank of post captain, before he was fit to 
command the crew of a jolly-boat. Su*h mode of 
promotion, and such conduct, excited contempt in 



panied admiral Cochrane to Bermuda and Halifaxt 
on her voyage she touched at New York. After 
coming to anchor in that port, captain Cochrane 
had his boat manned and went on shore; when, alas! 
his whole boat's crew, to a man, coxswain and all, 
ran away immediately on his landing on the beach, 
and left their poor, disconsolate captain alone, ex- 
posed to the groans and hisses of the American 
populace. Upon his return on board, he must na- 
turally have been a little out of temper, and may 
have vented his spleen on the crew which remain- 
ed behind, as a kind of mutiny arose; which was, 
however, quelled, and some of the ringleaders and 
recaptured deserters, were shortly afterwards hang- 
ed at Halifax. There is a proverbial saying among 
sailors, that a man-of-war is tcr all intents and pur- 
poses a little hell; and this phrase probably owes its 
origin to such a demon of a captain. 

Towards the latter part of the blockade of Mar- 
tinique, captain Thomas John Cochrane command- 
ed 'his majesty's' ship Ethalion of 38 guns, and was 
stationed to superintend the in-shore squadron of 
lighter vessels, and to watch the inlets to Fort Roy- 
al — the line of battle ships belonging to the squad- 
ron being at a greater distance from the land. — 
Whilst charged with this important service, he suf- 
fered, one nig'ht, a French frigate, the Pallas, to get 
into port. The officer, who had the watch upon 
deck, called out to captain Cochrane in his cabin, 



the breasts of all independent officers, and richly that he observed a strange sail ,, and advised him to 



deserved it. As to the seamen and marines, they 
were, by the young captain's tyranny and oppres- 
sion, worked up to such a pitch of irritation, as 
bordered almost constantly on a state of muti- 
ny. While the Jason was lying in the harbor 

of Tortola, the boatswain, being the captain's 'thresli- 
ifig^macMne, had become so odious to the whole 
ship's company, that in one nig'ht he had both his 
ears cut off clean from his head by some unknown 
hand; and although the whole crew was, in a de- 
gree, put to the torture, by general rounds of flog- 
ing, still, the perpetrator of this act of vengeance 
was never divulged. 

Captain Cochrane was only a strict disciplinarian 
as far as concerned others. As to himself, he fre- 
quently slept eut of the ship; and once in particular, 
when the Jason rode out a gale in the harbor of 
Tortola, after repeatedly drifting; and 'his majes- 
ty's' brig I tart drove ashore for the want of "an- 
chors and cables, whom it was his duty to have suc- 
cored and supplied. Altliough the Hart burnt blue 
lights, fired signals of distress, threw her guns over- 
board, and laid on her beam end, captain Coch- 
rane never attempted to get off to her, but content- 
ed himself with looking at her from our windows 
through a night glass, whenever the flashes of the 
blue lights made darkness visible. Any other offi- 
cer would have been tried by a court martial for 
S'ich misconduct; but so great was the complai- 
sance of the other officers towards tbjg admiral's 
son, than none durst ask an enquiry: indeed, they 
went so far as to allow him to share prize-money 
in the capture of three American vessels, although 
lie was day and night on shore, engaged in court- 
ship, and consequently neither aiding, nor assisting 
in their capture. 

We have already mentioned the cowardice and 
cruelty of captain Cochrane; these two vices gene- 
rally go hand in Jiand: we now proceed to 'shew 
the dangerous consequences of cruelty. During 
^n- hurricane months in 1807, the Jason accompa- 



* A decent confession, at least, for the friend of 
ford Castkreagh. — A.m. Bd. 



make the private signals to her; but the captain 
declined following this advice, say big he knew the 
sail in question to be such and such a British ship. 
In the morning, however, he had the mortification 
to find, that what he lazily mistook for a British 
man-of-war, was actually a French frigate, with her 
national colors up, at anchor close under the batte- 
ries of Fort Royal. She brought a seasonable sup- 
ply of troops, ammunition and provisions from 
France, for which the place was much distressed. 
In his private life, captain Cochrane is not a bit 
more praiseworthy than in his public career; for 
there we find him mean, covetous, mercenary and 
despicably false and treacherous. 

In 1806, he was introduced to a young lady, the 
daughter of an opulent and highly respected Bri- 
tish merchant in a neutral island in the West Indies; 
and with this young lady he fancied himself soon to 
be deeply in, love: her father and the admiral however, 
discouraged the match as much as possible, and, in 
order to try the effects of absence, he was sent for a 
while to a different cruizing ground. But the cap- 
t:un seemed to remain unalterably attached to the 
object of his flame, whose affections he had gained, 
and openly opposed sir Alexander's hostile views-/ 
In 1808, the father of the young lady dying sud- 
denly, his affairs were found to be in a very de- 
ranged state, owing to recent losses, and conse- 
quently, the large portion he was supposed to have 
been able to give to his daughter, dwindled into a 
mere trifle.. Our young man of the world, disap- 
pointed in his calculations, immediately forsook his 
love sick bride; this broke her heart, and she short- 
ly afcer followed her father into the grave, unaveng- 
ed by a brother, who had not the spirit to resent 
the injuries of his insulted and deserted sister. — 
Captain Cochrane, whose leading vice seems to have 
been avarice, a characteristic feature in the whole 
Cochrane family, returned to England, and gratilied 
his passion by leading an heiress to the altar. 

In our charges transmitted to the lords commis- 
sioners of the admiralty,* we have already stated 



Sea letter E, 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— MACKENROT'S MEMOIRS. 



51 



the outlines of some high crimes and misdemeanors 
of which captain Cochrane was guilty, when acting 
in 1806 and 1807, as a kind of commodore of a num- 
ber of small crafts on the Tortola station, which 
was then considered the best cruising- ground in 
the West Indies, and yielded a great number of 
prizes. By law, all colonial produce, such as sugar, 
coffee, cocoa, cotton, indigo, &c. captured on board 
of any vessels, and condemned as prizes of war in 
the vice-admiralty courts, is considered as produce 
of the British colonies, and cannot be exported 
otherwise than in British bottoms, navigated accord* 
ing to laiv, and bound direct to a port in the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain. Disregarding these enact- 
ments, however, captain Cochrane made agreements 
with the claimants to ransom, or, after condemna- 
tion, generally to re-sell all his prizes to the origi- 
nal owners, at a certain price, which, owing to the 
peculiar situation of European politics at that time, 
and the exclusion of the British flag from most 
ports on the continent, they could afford to pay at a 
higher rate than the bona fids British merchants, 
who were obliged to import their produce to the 
depressed markets in England. Upon these con- 
ditions, the said neutral claimants relinquished 
their right of appealing against the sentence of 
condemnation, and were allowed to export such 
cargoes of colonial produce, in foreign bottoms, to 
the then Danish island of St. Thomas, to the United 
States of America, Denmark; France or Spain, as 
best suited their speculative views. To croWn this 
scene of iniquity, captain Cochrane himself, pre- 
sently convoyed with his frigate, or ordered other 
king's ships to convoy, these ransomed prizes safe* 
ly to the harbor of St. Thomas, where new clear- 
ances were taken out for their ulterior destinations. 
In this manner, colonial produce to the amount of 
half a million sterling, has been exported under the 
immediate protection of that arch-smilggler, cap- 
tain, now sir Thomas John Cochrane, Knt. with the 
culpable connivance of the custom-house officers, 
judge, king's proctor and king's agent, in the isl- 
and of Tortola. 

The author, at the time, repeatedly remonstra- 
ted with captain Cochrane against his illegal pro- 
ceedings, and threatened at last to send gome pri- 
vateers after these ransomed prizes, to detain them 
again, and bring them back to the port of Torto- 
la, for a second adjudication. He was answered, 
however, that if the said privateers could engage and 
silence the guns of 'his majesty's* ship Jason, then un- 
der Ids command, the experiment might certainly be 
tried; but that otherwise it would lead to the im- 
press of their crews, and consequent ruin of the 
owners. Against such odds, there was no chance. 
From particular circumstances, the author was pre- 
vented from trying this question, both in court and 
at sea. Change of residence, Sec. occasioned his si- 
lence for some time, till at length, about four years 
ago, he laid the subject before the lords commis- 
sioners of 'his majesty's' treasury, the board of 
trade, and the court of exchequer; who immediate 
ly appointed a special commission of enquiry to 
proceed to the West-Indies for the purpose of ex- 
aming into the abuses complained of. 

Mr. Mackenrot then closes his memoir of sir 
Thomas John Coclirane, by a,, few remarks relative 
to the fraud upon the stock exchange; of which the 
following only are worth extracting: 

Mr. I)e Berenger declares, he refused a fortune 
and a pardon by saving lord Cochrane; and we now 
beg to ask Mr. De Berenger, whether Mr. Cochrane 
Johnstone, or both together, have not applied to 
hjm, and proposed to save them, by saddling another 



noble lord with his offence; which he indignafttty 
refused? 

Wc ask Mr. Halloway, one of the conspirators, 
whether lie was not actually employed by lord Coch- 
rane and Mr. Cochrane Johnstone, to procure th# 
execution of this fraud, to save them from impend-* 
ing ruin, and whether he did, in contemplation 
thereof, engage Mr. Sandom, W. Lyte and Mn 
M'Krae, who became his willing tools, and acted 
the under-plot in the post chaise and four, which 
came from Northfleet, and went over London bridge 
and Blackfriar's bridge? 

We ask lord Cochrane himself, if he did Udt 
press, nay, force De Berenger to perform the per- 1 
bonification of colonel Du B oui*g, and whether some 
remaining qualms of Conscience did not make De 
Berenger stop-— pause and hesitate — as the proposal 
was first broached to him, and that he only yielded, 
in consideration of the many obligations lie was un* 
der to lord Cochrane and his uncle. We are bap.* 
py to find, that these conspirators have fallen out 
among themselves, for there exists no friendship 
inter maloa, and that the whole correspondence id 
on the point of being pxiblished. In a note the 
author states that it has since been published. 

He regrets greatly the escape of Mr. Cochrane 
Johnstone, the head and chief of this conspiracy* 
After enumerating the many instances of peculiar 
boldness and duplicity exhibited by this gentle* 
man in the above affair, and the uncommon hardi- 
hood displayed by him in avowing his innocence* 
upon his honor, in the house of commons; the an* 
thor asks, whither will lie go? In what remote ColV 
ner of the earth will he hide his head/ Loaded 
with infamy, perjury and fraud, what country will 
receive him? No part of the globe inhabited by 
civilized men, will grant him an asylum: no, not evert 
the mountains of Hayti, nor the savannahs of the 
Mississippi and Missouri. In the back settlements 
of the United States, not even a cobler Would asscn 
ciate with him; he has fairly hunted himself out 
of society ^ and must err over the wide world as art 
outlaw, and being 64 years of age, he Will perhaps 
never have the satisfaction Of in patria mofii 

Lord Cochrane is somewhat better siuiated; tor* 
after his fine and imprisonment are over, he may 
endeavor to make himself conspicuous by the ma* 
chinatiorts of faction, where still he has his former* 
seryices to plead in his favor; 

We shall now subjoin the correspondence wliic'H 
the author had with persons, 'high in office,' rela~ 
latiVe to the matters herein detailed: We begin 
with letter A on the subject of the Danish and Dutch 
loans. 

(copy.) — A 
"To the right honorable lord viscohrit Ca-Stlereagh* 
St. James' square. 
Item Tavern, fioctor' 1 * Comiwnsi Mnrchl9t/i;l$li. 
jtt LdiiD-^The question of the Danish and Dutch 
loan in the island of St. Croix, in *he West Indies, 
having lately been heard before the right lionoYable 
the lords of appeal for prizes, and having been Con* 
demned by the court of vice-admiral ry of Tortola 
to the Captors, and not to the crown, I take the IU 
berty of Offering' a few observations on this head te 
your lordship. 

I remember that immediately after^ihe cohdemii i* 
ti on of the said loans to the captors hi 1308, at the 
time when your lordship was at the head of the co^ 
lotiial department, you disapproved highly of th& 
measure, so injurious to the rights and interests 
of the Crown; and that your lordship directed thef 
late general Harcourt, then governor of the island 
of StrGmx;, to. dispossess tixz agsuls af 1&e ■oa.^A.-orfr 



53 >~1LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, M& 



bonds, and such instalments of payments cf 
siupr, Sec. as had been by them received on ac- 
count of the aforesaid loans, that your lordship se- 
verely reprimanded the judge of the vice-admiral- 
ty prize court of Tortola, ind the king's proctor of 
id island, for this manifest sacrifice of the 
interest^ of the crown, directing' them to justify 
t) eir conduct, and to assign the reasons for their 
proceeding. 

1 doubt, that your lordship has been able to fa- 
thom the depth of this abyss of iniquitv, and neg- 
lect of duty on the part of the aforesaid two: law 
officers; but b ein g myself acquainted with all the 
particular^ of the case,, I think it. a duty incumbent 
«.■: me to .tcqiu.-int your lordship with l!,e same. — 
efore assure \\>nr lordship that it was nothing' 
I : e but broad, open corruption and bribery. No 
, ever since the days of Demosthenes, was 
more guilty of bribery and corruption than the 
worshipful .md honorable James Robertson,- his ma- 
jesty*s chief justice of the court of kings bench," 
and judge of the court ot vice-admiralty of Tortola, 
was, in this instar.ee. ('■ :■: 

It was perfectly settled between the honorable 
Andrew Cochrane Johnstone, as agent for "the cap- 
tors, and the aforesaid two law officers; that the 
said Danish and Dutch loans should be condemned 
to the captors; in consideration of which tine for- 
mer agreed to pay to the latter a large sum of mo- 
ney, about 5,0001 under the general denomination 
Of fees, without submitting the same, to taxation, 
as prescribed by law, otherwise the said agent 
threatened to dispute the jurisdiction- of the court 
of vice-admiralty of Tortola, and bring the said 
causes to trial in the courts of vice-admiralty of 
Anti£iir>, or Barbadoes. Thus, this pusillanimous 
and avaricious judge, forgetful of his duty, and fear-- 
mg tfo miss the opportunity of amassing such ex- 
traordinary large feeS, swallowed the bait that was 
held Out to him by the wily agent, and actually en- 
gaged, before-htmdf to condemn the ■ said loans to 
the captors. 

In order to explain this fact by farther elucida- 
tion, I beg leave to submit to your lordship the 
following details. I resided at that period in the 
island of Tortola, following the occupation of prize 
agent; in the pursuit of which business I constantly 
attended the sittings of the vice-admiralty prize 
court, whether my own immediate concerns and 
interests required it or not. On the morning of the 
diy fixed for the trial of the Danish loans, I per- 
f '«■ il} remember haying had a large party of gen- 
ti em en at breakfast at my house, which happened 
to be situated in the vicinity of the courthouse, 
whither we all intended to go, to hear the trial of 
said loan: but, as iniquity always shuns publicity, the 
king's proctor, George Clarke Forbes, Esqr. whose 
office was next door to mine, requested me and Mr. 
Gr. i ' Dfx (then an agent for claimants) not to go up 
to the court-house, and to prevail on my Company 
a,lsO to abstain from attending, because, quoth he, 
'-*!)'; judge wishes to hear this cause, and give his 
U rice; hi the niost private manner — that he, Mr. 
F. intended, merely, after the crier opened the 
co irt, to read the ai Legation::, ui*d there being no 
c^aim r >r oppLmikioii, die judge would pass imme- 
' ' ' • : • ' i ce of condemnation, as already agreed 
'Sour lordship will please to weigh and 
duly interpret the meaning of tlie.se words. Among 
. ;. company wa$ a Mr. Yaughan Hamilton, a bar- 
> ister and junior king's counsel; and Messrs. Grant 
and Simpson, also practitioners at the bar. The 
3 .'-' .- l ...•:■ men, bi ingindep< mtttit men, express- 
- " lb© greatest indignation at t!;e base conduct of 



the judge and senior king's counsel, and regretted" 
their not having an opportunity to give therit a 
smart professional lashing; but not being crown' 
lawyers, nor otherwise retained in the cause, they 
forbore to volunteer against the predetermined and 
avowed partiality of the judge: but Mr. Hamilton 
being a young man, just admitted to the bar, and 
decorated with a silk gown, eagerly embraced this 
opportunity of rising in fame, and meriting the ap- 
probation of his majesty's ministers, by' moving the 
the court to condemn these loans to the crown.— 
He communicatee! his design to me, whereupon I 
advised him to give notice thereof to the judge 
without loss of time. Mr. Hamilton accordingly 
waited upon his honor immediately, at his cham- 
bers, but was received with frowns, and sternly 
told, that by the rules of the court, he ought to 
give three days notice previous to making the mo- 
tion; that the cause had been set down for a final 
hearing and sentence oh that very day, and that he, 
the 'judge,- would on no account allow it to be 
postponed. 

After this the court was opened; the common 
forms 'were' mechanically gone through, and the 
loans "were Condemned to the captors, nem. con. — 
The judge thus disgraced the bench by vending 
justice, and improperly advocating the cause of the 
captors against the king his sovereign for base 
lucre; and even, afterwards he expressed his un- 
concern about the sensation Which his strange pro- 
ceedings might produce in his majesty's cabinet! 
adding, that he cared very little, for . what minis- 
ters might do — that having been better paid by the 
captors than he would have been by the king, they 
could at the utmost only suspend him, and then he 
•intended to' retire oh his pension for life', the situa- 
tion of judge Of the vice-admiralty prize court hav- 
ing become less desirable on account of the fees 
being lessened by the decrease in the number of 
captures. 

This gentleman has now retired to the United 
States of America, being a great admirer and parti- 
san of the democratic principles of that country,* 
and has appointed Mr. Maurice Lisle to be his sur- 
rogate, to the great scandal and disgrace of the whole 
bar; this Mr. Lisle being a noted yarikee, who al- 
lowed the king's health to be refused to be drank 
by an American at his owntable,f on occasion of a 
public dinner given by him; for which want of loy- 
alty he was excluded from all society, deprived of 
his rank of colonel in the militia, and only escaped 
the most summary corporal chastisement, on ac- 
count of his old age and other infirmities. 

I determined on communicating to your lordship 
these particulars, as the events here alluded to 
took place during your lordship's administration, 
and the pending litigation is now drawing towards' 
a conclusion; conceiving that the knowledge of the* 
true anel real state of tilings, and causes and effects- 
must be highly necessary for the guidance and judg- 
ment of the lords Of appeal, who heard this impor- 
tant cause argueel at their last sittings on the 13th 
instant, but deferred giving sentence to a future day. 

I have the honor to be, my lord, your lordship'* 
most obedient and humble servant, 

A. M'KENROT. 



*Surely Mr. M'Kenrot must by this time be con- 
vinced from his own observations, that our 'demo- 
cratic principles' are much purer than 'royal' ones. 
Uur principles do not breed such monsters as he 
has described in his memoirs. — Am. Ed. 

f\Ve are of opinion Mr. Maurice Lisle knew the - 
Americans better than Mr. M-'Kenrot, Force wont 
do. — 'Vat. Ed, 



NINES' WEEKLY REGISTER— MACKENROT'S MEMOIRS. 



53 



A few days aft erwards, the author received from 
1\is lordship, the following- answer: 
"To A. M'Kenrot, esquire, Horn Tavern, Doctor's 
Commons. 
St. James' Square, March 26, 1811. 

"Lord Castlereagh presents his compliments to 
Mr. M'Kenrot, and begs to refer him on the subject 
of his letter to lord Liverpool, now secretary of state 
for the colonies, to whom he lias taken the liberty of 
transmitting" Mr. M'Kcnrot's communication." 

The author in a note very modestly disclaims the 
idea of his letter having* had any weight with the 
court of appeals. It so happened, however, that the 
colonial sentence was reversed* and the loans con- 
demned to the crown. 

B.* 
"To William Wilberforce, esq. M. P. 

London, November 17th, 1813. 

Sia— As you have always been one of the princi- 
pal promoters of th^ abolition of the slave trade, I 
think it very expedient to inform you of a gross 
abuse of this humane act still existing in the Bri- 
tish West India colonies, in direct contravention 
of the provisions of the legislature, enacting-, that 
the slaves on board of every prize ship taken by a 
British cruiser, shall be drafted into his majesty's 
navy,, or land forces, and that women and others not 
fit for that purpose, shall be bound to some trade 
for 14 years. Two American slave vessels, the brig 
Amadea, Johnston, master, and the schooner Nancy, 
VidaL master, were condemned early in 1808, in 
the court of vice -admiralty in the island of Tortola, 
but instead of being disposed of as aforesaid, sir 
Alexander Cochrane, then commander in chief of 
'his majesty's naval forces on the Leeward island 
station, contrived to obtain possession of all these 
unfortunate blacks, about 200 in number, by a con- 
nivance of the judge and the nary agent, and sent 
them to Trinidad, to be employed, that is to say, 
forced to work, and flogged, on a sugar estate of 
his own, without taking even a sing-leman into the 
navy or army. Having purchased a large Spanish 
prize schooner (a Guineaman of his own creation) 
for the purpose of transporting them to Trinidad; 
he chartered also the brig Busy, Fitzpatrick, mas- 
ter, in addition to which he caused a "brig of wur to 
convoy those disgraceful cargoes from Tortola to 
Trinidad. 

The legislature never intended to bind slaves, or 
more properly speaking, liberated blacks, to the 
trade of digging cane-holes or other toilsome ope- 
rations of a sugar plantation, and the noble admi- 
ral suffered himself, certainly, in this instance, to 
be carried a greivt deal too far by his avarice. He 
might have, perhaps, employed on his estate one 
dozen of men in the different trades of coopers, 
carpenters, masons, blacksmiths, and the like, but 
working as field negroes is certainly not a trade 
Within the meaning and intention of the statute. 

Sir Alexander Cochrane being now in this coun- 
try, you may call him to an account, as I under- 
stand he is shortly to go abroad again to take upon 
fcimself a command; and you may make use of my 
name and knowledge of the circumstances above 
alluded to, in any shape you think fit, so the libe- 
ration of the aforesaid Africans is thereby effected, 
whose lives would otherwise be wasted in this 
slavish occupation, and at the expiration of their 
cruel apprenticeship,they will be left probably tb beg 
or starve any where, but on sir Alexander's estate. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfullv, sir, 
your most humble servant, A. M'KENROT." 



*On the subject of the 200 slaves sent by sir A 
Cochrane to Trinidad 



On the same subject. 

"To the right honorable lord Holland. 

London, December 8th, 1813. 

mt tonn— Finding" that your lordship has nobly 
espoused the cause of the general abolition of the 
slave trade, in the house of lords, on Monday last, 
with, a-, view of introducing, it universally into the 
politics of all the civilized nations in amity with 
this country; I humbly beg leave to acquaint your 
lordship, that a flagrant abuse of this law still ex- 
ists in some of the British West India colonies, as 
stated in the enclosed copy of my letter of the 
17th ult. to Mr. Wilberforce, who, in answer, wa* 
pleased to call it an interesting communication, 
and promised to bestow his full attention to so im- 
portant a subject. I therefore trust, that your lord- 
ship will, on your part, plead the cause of our suf- 
fering fellow creatures, in the house of peers, as 
it will require the interposition of the highest au- 
thority, to make the titled offender in question, re- 
linquish his usurped interest in the lives and liber- 
ties of these 200 Africans, worth to -.him, at the 
most moderate computations, from 100 to £15'), 000. 

I have the honor to be, my lord, your lordship's 
most humble servant, A. M'KENiiOT, 

late a magistrate in the island of Turtola. 

D. 

Oh the cowardice of sir Alexander Cochrane and 
sir John Borlase Warren, as the author subsequent?, 
ly informs us. 

"To the right hon. lord Henry Paulet. 

' Admiralty Office, November 25, 1813. - 
"mt Loan — Knowing that your lordship is perfects 
ly acquainted with naval discipline, with the regu- 
lations of the service, and the nature of court-mar- 
tials,* 5 and of course a better judge of these mat- 
ters than some of your noble colleagues in office, 
possibly can be, I am desirous to lay before your 
lordship" a statement of facts, from which it will 
clearly- appear, that two- gallant admirals, whom I 
-shall, at present, forbear to name, have, upon, cer- 
tain occasions, not done their utmost to capture, 
burn, sink and destroy, the enemy's squadron, 
which they had in their power to do. I am astonished 
that these- circumstances have never been enquired 
into; and I beg to know, when I may wait on your 
lordships in private, to submit the particulars of the 
aforesaid charges', 

I have the honor to be, &c." 

These charges related to the escape of the Roche- 
fort squadron: and, although lord Henry appointed 
an interview with the author at the admiralty, yet 
when he heard the names of the aforesaid two ad- 
mirals mentioned, he drew back, and let the matter 
slip over. 

E. 

Containing various charges against sir Alexander 
Cochrane, K. B. and sir Thomas John Cochrane. 
"To the right honorable the lords commissioners 
of the admiralty. 
2, Park Place, Chambertvell, July 2, 1814. 

my lords — I now take the libeiir of submitting 
to your lordships, here enclosed, charges in writ-, 
ing, against vice-admiral sir Alexander Cochrane, K. 
B. and against captain sir Thomas John Cochrane, K. 

*The. author has here a long note, statins that 
lord Henry Paulet, when a post captain, tried his 
lieutenant by court martial; who, being honorably 
acquitted", tried his lordship in turn. .His lordship 
was condemned, dismissed the service, but after- 
wards reinstated, promoted to a rear-admiral ajid 
la seat at the admiralty board. 



54 KILES*' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 18J 5, 

^g. . ■'■ .. ■• ' ■ ■ ; a 

I have frequently endeavored to bring these of- j not doing his utmost to take or destroy the said 
fenders to justice, which has been hitherto evaded French ships* he having the power and means of so 
b\ various 'circumstances, such as, the absence of 
the offenders and witnesses, and the like; but, more 
particularly, by your lordships' apparent and ex- 
treme reluctance; and contemptuous silence; in 
consequence of winch, I have thought it expedient to 
collect better legal information on this subject, and 
to bring the matter again under your lordships' cog- 
nizance, as prescribed by law, and in such a shape 
as I conceive your lordships to be in duty bound, 
to cause farther investigation to be made forth- 
with. Your lordships will be pleased to permit 
me to anticipate an argument, which possibly may 
be started as an objection against the great lapse 
of time since the alleged offences were committed 
in reply to which I beg leave to observe to your 
lordships, that although upwards of three years 
have elapsed since the commission of sir Alexan- 
der Cochrane's offences, your lordships must be 
aware, that he only returned within the last twelve 
months from abroad, when he gave up his govern- 
ment of the island of Guadaloupe; therefore your 
lordships will allow that I am perfectly within the 
limitations of stat. 22, Geo. cap. 53. sect, 22. 

Your lordships must also be aware, that by the 
provisions of section 24 of the same act, I could 
lay an information or an indictment against sir 
Alexander Cochrane, for converting his majesty's 
ship Belleisle intoamuler, and recover a penalty* 
in any court of justice; hut I despise such ways of 
acquiring money, although sft" Alexander does not. — 
1 only stand up for public justice. 

As to captain Cochrane, it matters little, whether 
♦our lordships will be pleased to order a court 
martial on him, or not, as 1 have, years ago, laid a 
complaint about this nefarious transaction before 
the lord's commissioners of his majesty's treasury 
who did not suffer my representations to lay on the 
shelf, like your lordships, but appointed instantly 
a commission of special enquiry, who proceeded 
to the W est Indies, to investigate this matter, and 
to report thereon, which said commission has re- 
turned, but their report has been delayed: I pre- 
sume on account of the late conflagration of the 
custom-house on Thames-street; where the docu- 
ments were deposited, It therefore remains open 
to me to indict captain Cochrane in the court of 
king's bench, or to get him impeached in parlia- 
ment for high crimes and misdemeanors. 

I have the honor to be, with due respect, my lord, 
your lordships most humble servant, 

A. M'KENROT " 
Charges against sir Alexander Forrester Cochrane, K. 
]$. inclosed in the Joregoing letter: 

1. I, Anthony M'Kenrot, late a justice of the 
peace in certain parts of his majesty's dominions 
beyond sea, called the island of Tortola, in the 
West Indies, do solemnly charge and accuse vice- 
admiral the honorable sir Alexander Forrester 
Cochrane, to have been guilty, on the 6th day of 
July, 1806, when commander in chief of the Lee- 
ward island station, of not making the necessary 
preparations to fight the French squadron under 
admiral Willaumez. and Jerome Bonaparte, off' the 
Island of Tortola and £t. Thomas, and of not, in 
his proper person and according to his place, en- 
couraging his inferior officers ap>d men to fight 
courageously: of withdrawing, through cowardice 
$nd negligence, keeping hack, and not coining into 
engagement with the said French squadron, and of 

*Thc author here notes the penalty, which & for 
fettOM of the goods, or £5QQ. 



doing; and further of forbearing through cowardice 
and negligence, to pursue the chase of the flying 
French squadron to the utmost of his power; which 
is a capital offence under the 10th, 12th and 13th 
articles of war, stat. 22, Geo. 2d, c. 33,* 

2. I further do charge and accuse sir Alexander F. 
Cochrane of having, in the year 1807, caused and 
ordered to be taken on board of his majesty's ship 
Belleisle, when at Halifax, mules, which he caused 
to be carried and transported on board his majesty's 
said ship Belleisle, all the way from Nova Scotia 
to the West Indies, to the island of Tortola, where 
they were landed and sold by himself as merchan- 
dize, for his own profit and emolument, without en- 
tering them at the custom-house: for which act of 
smuggling the said ship would have been liable to 
seizure, had the officers of the customs understood 
their duty and been willing to do it; an offence 
punishable by the 18th article of war, in the afore- 
said statute, ivith casldering and forever afterwards 
rendering such officer incapable of serving in any 
place or office in the naval force of his majesty, his 
heirs or successors. 

3. I further charge and accuse the said sir Alexan- 
der Forrester Cochrane of having purchased, in 
the year 1807, a large quantity of duck, which he 
caused to be paid for by bills of exchange on the 
commissioners for victualling his majesty's navy, 
purporting to be drawn for fresh beef supplied, to his 
majesty's ships, then in the road of Tortola, by one 
John Carruthers, the navy butcher and contractor, 
when in fact no such fresh beef at all was supplied, 
for the purpose and with the view of defrauding 
the said commissioners for victualling his majes- 
ty's navy; whish offence is punishable by the 24th 
and 33d articles of war, with dismissing such offi- 
cer from his majesty's service, 

4. I further charge and accuse the said sir Alex- 
anderF.Cochrane of having fraudulently appropriated 
to himself about to 200"prize negroes, condemned 
to his majesty, under stat. 47 Geo. 3d, c, 36, for cer- 
tain special ends aed purposes, that is, to be draft- 
ed into the army and navy, and those unfit for this 
purpose, to be bound out as apprentices to a trade, 
for which his majesty pays a considerable premium 
to the captors as head-money, viz. 40/. sterling for 
every negro man. Instead of which, the said sir 
Alexander Forrester Cochrane, with the connivance- 
of the judge of the vice-admiralty court of Tortola, 
sent all the negroes, composing the cargoes of the 
American brig Amadea, Johnson, master, and the 
schooner Nancy, Vidal, master, in 1808, to a sugar 
plantation of his own, in the island of Trinidad, 
where they are working to this day as field negroes, 
thereby defrauding his majesty of their services, 
and the negroes themselves of their liberty and of 
the opportunity of learning a useful trade; a crime 
against the king, and huinanitv, almost nameless, 
London, Jply 2 J, 1814. A. M'KENROT." ' 
Charges against sir Thomas John Cochrane, Knt. 

post captain in the voytd navy. 
I, Anthony At'Kcnrot, late a justice of the peace 
ii) certain parts of his majesty's dominions, beyond 
sea, called the island of Tortola in the West Indies, 



*The author here quotes, at foot, the said three 
articles of war, from which it appears that the of- 
fences before enumerated are punished with death; 
excepting that of not making due preparations to 
fight, or of not evincing personal courage; which 
are punished With deatl> ; or. at the discrctipn of 
the cofirt, 



FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— UNKNOWN CORRESPONDENT. 55 



«lo solemnly charge and accuse sir Thomas John 
Cochrane, of having, in 1806, when commanding 
his majesty's ship Jason, on the Tortola station, 
fraudulently projected, contrived, connived at, pro- 
tected, and' actually effected the illegal exporta- 
tion of divers large quantities of colonial produce, 
taken on board of sundry prize vessels condemned 
in the court of vice-admiralty, in the island of Tor- 
tola, from that port, in foreign bottoms, to foreign 
places, ports, and countries, out of his majesty's 
dominions; contrary to the navigation act, and con- 
trary to every statute, subsequently passed and 
enacted, concerning the colonial trade, shipping 
and prize matters; and of having in open derelic- 



II. 

On the same subject. 

"To A. M'Kenrot, esquire, Horn Tavern, Doctor's 
Commons. 
Office of Committee of Privy Council for Trad', 
Whitehall, 29th April 1811. 
Sin — The lords of the committee of the council 
of trade, having had under consideration your let- 
ter of the 11th ult. wherein you request to be in- 
formed' in what manner the officers of the customs 
at Tortolv are to be proceeded against for the; 
breach of the navigation laws, of which you repre- 
sent them to have been guilty, I am directed to 
acquaint you, that as the lords commissioners of his 



majesty's treasury have directed 



a commission 01 



tion of his duty, ordered other king's ships, com- 
manded by inferior officers, to give convoy to such en q uiry into the conduct of the said officers, to be 
foreign vessels thus unlawfully sailing from the issue d, no further steps can be taken until the re- 
Bntish port and colony of Tortola, to the Danish t of such enquiry shall have been received; and 
port of St. Thomas and protecting them against the if £ shaU then •„ that thepe - sufficient ^ oand 

lawful search and detention of other commissioned for prosecuting . the sakl officers the mode of pro- 
Bntishcruisers:andofallthiabe m g # doneaMeffect.| cee i. must be determined bv the lords of his 
for vile lucre, , bribery and corruption; and that un- ma j esty > s treasury, this being a question relative to 

the public revenue: you will therefore address any 
further application which you may think proper, to 
the lords commissioners of his majesty's treasury. 
I am, sir, your most obedient, humble servant, 

CHETWYND. 



cler these circumstances the following ships and 
cargoes were illegally and criminally convoyed and 
conducted, by order of the said sir Thomas John 
Cochrane, viz. the American ship Eutaw, White, 
master; the Medusa, the Fly, the Jane, the Maria, 
the Cameleon, the Swallow", and the Mary, all la- 
den with coffee; the entire cargoes of the Rebecca, 
Nield, master; the Beauty, M'Krae, master, and the 
General Eaton, Robinson, master; also consisting of 
St. Domingo coffee; the ship Nuestra Senora, del 
Carmen, the Evander, Sturgys; with the Hetty, the 
Eagle and the Cosmopolite, all laden with cocoa; 
the Tartan and Columbia, laden with indigo; from 
Tortola to St. Thomas, as aforesaid, to the great 
detriment of the revenue of this country, and ,to 
the prejudice of the British shipping at large, which 
•every officer in his majesty's navy is especially 
hound to protect. A. M'KENROT. 

London, Jidy 2d, 1814. 
F. 

On the subject of the foregoing charges,, exhi- 
bited in 1810. 

'To Anthony M'Kenrot, esquire, Horn-Tavern, Doc- 
tor's Commons. 
Treasury Chambers, 2d March, 1811. 
Sin — Having laid before the lords commissioners 
of his majesty's treasury, your letter, containing 
charges against certain officers in the island of Tor- 
tola, of frauds practised against the revenue, col- 
lected in that island to a considerable extent: I 
am commanded by their lordships to acquaint you 
that they have directed an enquiry to be made into 
the circumstances contained therein. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

GEO. HARRISON. 
G. 
On the same subject. 

4< Jo A. M'Kenrot, esquire, Horn Tavern, Doctor's 
Commons. 
Treasury Chambers, 18th March, 1812. 
Sir — I am commanded by the lords commission- 
ers of Ms majesty's treasury to acquaint vou, that 
they have directed your letter of the 5tli instant, 
respecting the frauds committed by the custom- 
house officers of Tortola, to be transmitted to the 
commissioners of his majesty's customs, in order 
that it may be referred, with your former papers, 
to the commissioners about to proceed to the West 
Indies, for investigation; and until their lordships 
have before them their report, they can take no fur- 
ther steps in the matter. I am, sir, your most obe. 
M en t servant, GEO. HARRISON. 



We have thus laid before our readers a full ac- 
count of the contents of this extraordinary pamph- 
let, and in conclusion, have but two remarks to 
make: If this picture, which Mr. M'Kenrot has 
drawn in such strong colors, be true, we exclaim 
with the British chief justice, in 1686, 'the Lord 
grant that we may never see such a sight as that' in 
the United States. If, on the -other hand, they are 
false, we sincerely hope that Mr. M'Kenrot may be 
punished to the utmost rigor of the laws of his 
country, and that we may have the satisfaction of 
doing justice to the parties injured, by recording 
the minutes of his trial in the future pages of this 
work. 



An unknown Correspondent 

Has transmitted to me a southern newspaper,contaiu- 
ing a scheme of a lottery, proposed to be drawn to 
assist the vestry in the payment of certain debts, in- 
curred in erecting an episcopal church. To encou- 
rage the sale of the tickets, the managers take oc- 
casion to pass some encomiums upon the general 
doctrines and peculiar rites of the Christian sect to 
which they belong ; these have offended our corres- 
pondent, who calls them ei church of England pre- 
tensions," and invites us to reprehend them. 

The incident is unworthy of notice other than it 
affords a proper opportunity for a few general re- 
marks, that may be useful to some, in an ecclesias- 
tical as well as a political sense. 

The peculiar tenets of any society of professing 
Christians never has been, and never shall be, sub- 
ject to animadversion in the Weeklt Registeh, 
while the present editor has the direction of it. 
This is a ride absolute, admitting of no exception. 

But I have sometimes thought that certain per- 
sons, snatching at the shadow and leaving the sub- 
stance of what I have had to say of ecclesiastical and 
secular things, may have grossly misunderstood 
me. They read too superficially to ascertain the 
principle on which they are founded, or hastily re- 
ject it through prejudice. When I have spoken of 
the church of England, for instance, and reprehend- 
ed its enormity, I have treated it only as the church 
of the government, not as a church of God. And its 
characters, I believe, are essentially different. In 



§6 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2.5, l&l.S. 



iv.s first capacity it 'stands on the bayonet,- in the 
r iifer, I trust, it has its foundation on the Bible. 
1 ' the priests of that, and all other established re- 
s, have two characters ; one ecclesiastical, or of 
(aOD; and \}ie ot\\cr miutari/, or of human force — for 
there can be nothing more evident than that the}'' 
extort their "livings" of the people by the sword 
of the government. h\ this last capacity they are 
fairly before us for remark and reprehension ; bat 
with them, as simple ecclesiastics, practising pecu- 
liar forms and teaching" peculiar doctrines as ac- 
ceptable to God, we have not any thing do — that is 
An affair between them and their hearers and fol- 
Jowers, and their Creator ; the other is a matter 
between them and us, as men : one is of the spirit, 
the other of the flesh. 

It appears to me that these distinctions, are as 
Strongly marked, as if separated by an Andean ridge ; 
"yet ssmc have mistaken, or Lu^ve not comprehended 
the limits where the Bible ends, and the bayo?iet be- 
gins ; and have strangely supposed that when \ye 
£peak of priests, pensioned by government and ri- 
oting on the blood and sweat of the people, we mean 
to condemn the religious opinions they profess ! Far 
be it from me to judg-e them. But, indeed, I con- 
sider all government churches — Papal, Lutheran, 
Calvanistic or Greek— as bottomed upon and having 
the very same principle and effect. Creatures of 
government, they wheel about and support it' in its 
most disgraceful measures, and change their man- 
ner and form of worship as they who feed them 
will it. We have many illustrious instances to the 
contrary, martyrs to their faith are in number 
enough" to fill a volume — but, compared with those 
who have yielded to the changes of the times to pre- 
serve their fat places, they are like a drop in the 
bucket ! At the time of the "reformation" in Eng- 
land, we are told that of 9000 beneficed clergymen 
less than 100 refused to conform to the new order 
of things ; and the great body of them had, thereto- 
fore, went backward and forward as the govern- 
ment directed. ?>or was it better in France, in her 
late revolutions. Many priests sealed with their 
blood the soundness of their faith in the doctrines 
they taught ; but, taking out of the calculation the 
indiscriminate massacres of this class of the people 
by the hell-hounds of destruction that the disorder- 
ed state of things spewed up, not one in a hundred, 
perhaps, refused the church service, as regulated by 
the furious and £ ctious legislators who distracted 
th ;t country, and iiave, possibly,entombed the liber- 
ties of Europe with the proceeds and results of. 
their crimes. I presume it }s, and always has been, 
thus in all countries. We have undoubted proof 
that it was so, even among the Jews ; where the 
priests, supported by the crown, offered, incense to 
*lols, or affected the service of the Most High — as 
»t happened to please the notions of the man who 
clistributed the loaves and the fishes. I speak gene- 
ral lv, and this, I consider, the natural, the in^itable 
effect that must eternally belong to every priesthood 
supported by the sword. Its very constitution is 
Ihe patron of hypocrisy and deceit ; and at war 
vith every thing that belongs to the dispensations 
of Chiust", and rights of society. 

It is for these reasons, and for the oppressions of 
the people that always must be felt under an estab- 
lished pricHthood, that we have considered it a duty 
to expose and reprehend it. It is the great en- 
gine by which kings govern, prostrating the "sa- 
cred desk" to subserve all sorts of villainy. In the 
iinited crimes and oppressions of monarch,- and their 
Jriettts, we see the beauty and excellence of a go- 
-f^amest that has neither ; and iir.d ourselves ex- 



cited by the most powerful feelings, to cling to and 
support it. Some in the United States talk of the 
high taxes they have to pay — when, in fact, all the 
taxes they have usually paid to the general and state 
governments would not have supported the English, 
church, or have sustained the English poor-houses, by 
several millions of dollars per annunz.S These are 
the words of soberness and truth — no man will dam 
to deny them. And, besides., the people ought to 
bear in mind, that the "Dissenters" in England, a* 
they are called, who are very numerous, perhaps^ 
equal to nearly one half of the whole population, 
while they are compelled to contribute such vast, 
sums to support the national church, have also the, 
same obligations of duty, and support as we do, In- 
voluntary acts, their own ministers. This is the. 
case in all parts of the world where there are estab- 
lished churches — and where men are permitted to wor- 
ship God as they believe most acceptable to Him; which 
is not the case in some pretended Ca.KisT.iAN couir. 
tries r 

As in monarchical,so also in ecclesiastical establish- 
ments, there is a '-choice of evils." Though the 
principle of all is wrong, some are more liberal and 
just than others. Thus, we vastly prefer the En^ 
glish ecclesiastical court (abounding in foul abuses) to 
the Spanish inquisition, the sink of ail that is detes- 
tible: and the English bishops (bad enough) are a 
thousand times better than the prelates of Spain, 
who have carried their orthodoxy so far as to urge 
and witness the roasting alive of men and women 
for what they had the impiety to call the (e goo d of 

Christianity/" So, also, in political matters, we pre- 
ferred the Bonapartes to the Bourbojis — for though, 
in some respects, the former may have produced 
more misery than the latter are capable of, yet they 
also had the power to conceive • and confer benefits 
that th^e others are incompetent to. J\ r apoleon's pub- 
lic works — his roads, bridg-es and canals — his in- 
citements to agriculture and encouragement of the 
arts, will immensely advantage France for ages after 
the miseries he caused are obliterated: but, indeed, 
we especially preferred the Bonapartes because in 

THEIR ESTABLISHMENT WAS PIXEB A RIGHT IN THE 
PEOPLE TO CHANGE THEIR RULEHS. This WOllld have 

been a grand p,oint gained; and, in time, have anni- 
hilated that most singular and self-debasing idea 
that nia?ikind are the property of certain families. 

There are degrees in the virtues as well as in 
the vices of men and things. We are taught to 
believe there are angels and arch-angels — and told 
of devils, and arch-devils: good and better, bad and 
worse. Kings and government churches are all of 
the bad and worse; and whatever we have said in 
commendation of any, w r as only comparatively, ap- 
plied to others of like principle and class. We 
certainly esteem the leading principles of the Bri- 
tish constitution (if such a tiling there is) to the 
summary and outrageous rules by which Bonaparte 
oftentimes acted — but I will say this, and defy a de- 
nial of its correctness, that the Bridsh government 
is at least as ambitious of conquest and as unprin- 
cipled in the means of accomplishing it, as Bona- 
parte ever vs as. All the civilized world has been 
excited to the hatred of Napoleon for his conduct 
to Spain. What did he do in that business which 
England has not done twenty limes over, in the east? 
He forced a resignation of the supreme authority 
to himself— he imprisoned the "legitimate"- prince 
— he put a man at the head of the government that 
would subserve his will — he sent large armies into 
the country to maintain the authority he dele- 
gated, and shed oceans of blood to preserve the so- 
vereignty. My nieaatsj in mam} pase% precisely »?:•> 



- I 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— TYTIIES. 



fniiat without a shadow or a shade or" diirerence, 
the British flag- flics over countries yet^ peopied by 
sixty or seventy millions of human beings; having 
made the conquest by a prodigality of life not less 
than three time? greater than Bonaparte would have 
secured that of Spain, by bavonetting every man, 
woman and child of the kingdom. There is no me- 
taphor in this— it is a plain and accepted matter of 
fact; nor have they vet stopped in their career— they 
foave subjugated the "legitimate" king of Candy, 
and his crown and throne— mind, his crows and 
throne, valued at eight millions sterling, probably 
arrived in England within the very last month, 

It is useless to proceed. Such traits of charac- 
ter are essentially engrafted on monarchy. Let them 
he exposed to be hated. It is at all times in season, 
to shew the advantages of a republican government, 
by exhibiting- the deformity of legal institutions. 

But, truly, we have been led much further tha* 1 
we designed to go when this article was commenced' 
and shall make haste to conclude. 

If I could believe that any observations I have 
jnade on clmrch establishments in Europe were calcu- 
lated to wound the feelings of honest individuals of 
the same sects in the United States, whether Pro- 
testant or Catholic, no others of the kind would ever 
appear in this work. I enjoy my own opinion, and 
freely grant to others the 'same glorious privilege. 
J hope and believe there are goad men of every re- 
ligious persuasion; sincere and accepted^ And am 
also clearly of opinion that the body of the ministry 
in the United States, is really pious and good- 
more so than in any other country; and the reason 
is obvious, For, allowing- them to have the same 
passions and weaknesses of other men, they are 
more strongly bound to restrain them; because in 
that restraint they find favor with the people and 
obtain support for themselves and their families. It 
is a principle happily impressed in the human heart, 
that the veriest vagabond that affects a regard for 
religion, will have his minister conform to its ge- 
■nenal principles and observe the moral law; and will 
expect him to practice the virtue he teaches. . And, 
in these causes combined, we may safely believe it 
as a natural effect, that the clergy of the United 
States, (meaning- the ministers of all our various 
sects,) are abody of the most liberal, most enlight- 
ened and most virtuous men, that ever blessed or 
honored a nation. That there is bad men among 
them is true — b,ut of the chosen twelve there was 
one that betrayed his Master. These good dispo- 
sitions are attended with the best effects in an- 
nihilating- an immense mass of vulgar prejudices, 
and promoting a spirit of harmony in all classes of 
society; in encouraging charity; extending benevo- 
lence, and performing those acts which, I believe, 
are most acceptable to the God we profess to serve, 
and best calculated to secure the happiness of man- 
kind here and hereafcer. All these things result 
from the immediate responsibility of the priesthood 
|o the people. "Angels in the form of men," have 
j.io more descended to instruct us at the altar, than 
to govern us on a throne. 



Tjtlies. 



From Cobbetfa Register, July 2'2. — The article 
which I have given below with this title, taken from 
the Cork Chronicle, I hope my friends in America 
will read with attention. It shews them what they 
gre tp expect, if their Cossack Piiest/aiod should 



succeed in their attempts to establish a dominant 
church.* Not only will they exact a tenth of their 
corn, and their cattle, which grow and are fed in 
the fields, but their fruit, their apples, their pears, 
their plumbs, and all those choice and delicious 
products which constitute the kitchen garden, and 
are so consoling to the heart of man, will be tythed 
by these rapacious fiends, who, as was the case' in 
France before the revolution, iiad the impudence 
there to assert, that the earth and its fullness is their 
heritage, and that the people, over which they had 
assumed a sway, were created merely to be fleeced 
by them. It is for this, and this only, that the priest- 
hood in America are exerting themselves to over- 
throw the republican government. They feel, that 
under a frugal government, which is careful to teach 
every man his duty in society, without calling in the 
aid of spiritual teachers, there is no chance of their 
being able to establish an empire over the mind. 
This, the foundation of all their power, being un- 
attainable, their grand object is to bring into dis 
credit that system which presents so formidable a 
barrier to their encroachments.. 

Bishop of cloyxe's court. — From the Cork Chro- 
nicle.' — Our readers may recollect that we called 
their attention some time since to the subject of 
certain citations issued from this court at the suit of 
the Rev. Thomas Carson, Rector of Kiimahon, fop 
the recovery of ty the of green clover, apples, pears, 
plumbs, and cherries, which grew in a kitchen 
garden. On Tuesday last, the court was crowded 
ty excess, principally a very respectable number of 
gentlemen assembled to witness the proceedings. 
However, upon reading the citation, it was discover- 
ed that it was erroneously filled; so that the claim 
of the Rev. Pastor was dismissed, after going- 
through part of the evidence. We have been inform- 
ed that the Vicar -general took this opportunity of 
censuring, in very strong and energetic language, 
such novel modes of proceeding- as the present, and 
expressed his hope that this would be the last time 
he should witness claims of this nature brought into 
his court. However, we have been informed that 
the Rev. Mr. Carson declared in open court hi± 
intention of recommenting the suit. It was brought, 
against Wm. Abbott, Esq. of Ballymalee, a young 
gentleman connected with the most respectable fa- 
milies of the Society of Friends, throughout the 
country, and from whose well-cultivated farm of 233 
acres the Rev. Pastor requires a considerable yearly 
income in tythe. This gentleman has been remarka- 
ble for his very kind attention to a widowed mother, 
and a number of brothers and sisters, who Were left 
a burthen upon him at a very early period of life. 
The same Rev. gentleman was dismissed upon two 
other citations «n the same day, one of which was 
for the tythe of a small quantity of flax which grew 
in ahead-land of a cornfield, the tythe of which had 
been duly paid. 



*There will not be a "Cossack priesthood," as 
Cobbett calls certain pulpit fire-brands of the east, 
where there is not also a "Cossack" people. A few 
mad-men, listened to by mad-hearers, as far as in 
them laid, have disgraced religion and their country 
— but they are too contemptible to ground general 
remarks upon, and will soon be self-consumed by 
their own spleen, continually excited by the prospe 
rity of their country. Never was there a more miser 
able and unhappy set of men than the iacobinj <oi 
the United States. 



58 NILBS 1 WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1815.. 



West Point. 

Extract of a letter to the eilitor, dated Boston, Sep- 
tember 15. 
Mr. Niles— A friend to your Register, as well 
as to merit, has just read your number of Septem- 
ber 9th, and was much pleased with the account 
of West Point, which is pretty correct. But, sir, 
in doing justice to others, the writer (I presume 
unintentionally) has omitted to give credit to the 
indefatigable 'services which have been rendered 
to the institution by the present inspector-general 
Swift, whose undivided attention has been given to 
render the institution what it now is. In making 
this remark, the writer is not inclined to insinuate 
that cither of the officers connected with the aca- 
demy are in the smallest degree inattentive to their 
duties. 



Foreign Articles. 

Bv arrivals at New York and Philadelphia we have 
London dates as late as Aug 7. The chief things 
thev contain relate to the "legitimate" determina- 
tion respecting the person of Napoleon Btmaparte, 
who has been sent to the island of St. Helena— and 
to the state of France, which is yet in a ferment, 
that the allies seem disposed to allay, by partition- 
ing and contribution. The chief articles that have 
reached us follow : 

OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. 

\s every thing that belongs to the fate of this 
, extraordinary man is interesting, we copy from the 
London papers each article calculated to gratify 
present curiosity or future research. ^ 

London, August 1.— A Plymouth paper received 
vesterday, speaking of Bonaparte, says: his curiosi- 
ty on every point is unbounded, and versatility of 
talent and powers of conversation on all subjects, 
whether trifling or important, astonishing: such, 
indeed, is his appetite for information, that he often 
freelv addresses the seamen and marines. It is im- 
possible, we have learnt from good authority, to 
imagine the fascinations of Bonaparte's address 
^-/conversation, which compel involuntary esteem 
and attachment, and bereave even those most ini- 
mical to him in their hearts, of all hostile feelings 
while thev remain in his presence. When he is 
walking alone, his hands are folded behind him, 
and his countenance assumes a pensive cast; but 
when engaged in discourse his face exhibits a smile 
of the most engaging description, like a gleam of 
sunshine on a dark cloud, and his gestures are ear- 
nest and impressive. At his meals he exercises 
what is called in England, a good knife and fork, 
and rarely speaks; in the use of liquors he is more 
abstemious. In a thorough acquaintance with men 
and manners, he is surpassed by few, and. particu- 
larly which will appear remarkable, in his know- 
ledge of England, and the principal characters m 
it who have signalized themselves by their abilities, 
hi various departments. His marshals are continu- 
ally en deck, in full uniform, in converse with then- 
master, or the ladies and children. Madame Ber- 
tram! has been peculiarly inquisitive concerning lus 
destination, and frequently hints that the emperor 
is poor having onlv a million of francs, or 40,000/ 
to boast of, while Talleyrand, formerly his minister, 
possesses immense wealth in all the funds of dif- 
ferent countries. Ill ^fOA 

Liverpool, August 4.— The Northumberland, of BO 
runs, capiainBoss, arrived on Monday last at Ports- 
mouth from the Downes, on her way to Plymouth, 
thereto receive Bonaparte on board and convey 



It is certainly determined that none of the su 
of Bonaparte, except domestics, are to be permit, 
ted to go with him to St. Helena Neither, it is 
said, will he be permitted to take with him any con- 
siderable sum of money (if the rumor be true that 
he is possessed of large funds) as every thing ne- 
cessary to his establishment will be provided by the 
government. It is said that sir H. Lowe is to be 
the military officer appointed to be his guard. He 
will succeed Mr. Wilkes, who is in the company's 
service as governor of the island. The company's 
troops will be replaced by a king's regiment, and 
there will bean article in the new treaty of Paris, 
by which the expense of this establishment will 
by made a constituent part of our contingent to- 
wards the force that is to be kept up for the main- 
tenance of the peace of Europe. Sir George Cock- 
burn and sir Hudson Lowe, will attend ministers 
this day on the subject of their appointment to this 
service. The Bucephalus and Ceylon, are to re- 
ceive a regiment on board for St. Helena. 

Lord Keith, in his official character, as admiral 
of the fleet on the station, will have to read to P»o- 
naparte the determination of the cabinet as to his 
future residence and treatment in the island of St. 
Helena. The ex-emperor, we understand, has heard 
of his destination, and has written to lord Keith a 
most vehement remonstrance against the nieasure 
of sending him there. With what temper, then, 
will he receive the dismal confirmation of it? It is 
said that he is to be permitted to take with him 
three friends and twelve servants. The amount of 
the bills and cash which he is said to possess is 
200,000?. sterling. We learn that sir Hudson Lowe 
declines the appointment of being Ids keeper, and 
we do not know what other officer has been select- 
ed for that purpose. The island is to remain in 
the hands of the East India company, whose troops, 
under that excellent officer, colonel Mark Wilkes, 
continue to occupy the bay, harbor and low- 



lira to 



Helena. 



lands; and a king's regiment, with a commandant, 
will be stationed on the highland as his body guard. 
This is the final arrangement made with the com- 
pany, so that their ships will touch there, as usual, 
in there homeward passage. — Globe. 

The countess of Bertrand being told by a lieute- 
nant of the Bellerophon, that it was the intention 
of this court to assign the island of St, Helena as a 
place of refuge and security for the emperor, re- 
plied, that he would sooner close the scene here 
— (commit suicide.) 

London, August 6.— The following letter will not, 
perhaps, be uninteresting to our readers: 

" Bellerophon, Plymouth, August 2. 
"It was on Sunday the papers announced the de- 
termination of sending Bonaparte to St. Helena, 
and as he regularly enquires for them, perusing, 
with the assistance of madame Bertrand, almost 
every item, that part did not long escape his notice. 
Indeed, it was now publicly spoken of by every 
person. Before this, I had heard it was his deter- 
mination never to quit the ship alive to be sent to 
St. Helena; and madame Bertrand informed me on 
reading the above, he had again positively asserted 
they should first take his life. 

"On Sunday evening he had the marks of much 
agitation in his countenance. On the Monday, when 
he officially learnt his destination, he remained on 
deck but a short time, and appeared as pale as 

death. Yesterday be was something better. 1 

fear, on the arrival of the Northumberland, we shall 
witness some tragic scene. You know we are not 
the ship destined to convey him to St. Helena. 
"A circumstance occurred last night, which seem- 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES 



59 



ed to be very near being a beginning" to the scene 1 Some of his linen, sent ashore to he washed, ap- 
mentioned above. About 9 o'clock marshal and peared to be extremely fine in its texture, and has 
anadame Bertrand were walking on the opposite, been held in such high esteein, that many individu 
side of the deck to where I was, in earnest conver- als at Plymouth have temporarily put on one of his 



sation— suddenly madame rushed into Napoleon's 
cabin, threw herself at his feet for about half a mi- 
nute, then flying below to her own cabin, threw 
herself nearly" out of the stern window, when she 
was fortunately caught by the leg by general Mon- 
tholon. She continued delirious the whole night- 
to-day she is better. 

"On the following morning lord Keith and major- 
general sir H. Bunbury waited upon him, informing 
him, it was the determination of the allied sove- 
reigns to send him to the above place, and granted 
permission to t.dte with him part of his suite, with 
the exception of those proscribed,, Savary, Lalle- 
raand and Bertrand. I understand he sent for cap- 
tain Ma.itland, and again assured the admiral and 
general it was his fixed resolution never to quit 
this ship alive. 

♦'Notwithstanding the news has greatly affected 
him he "continues to show himself for about 20 mi- 
nutes every evening, to the really astonishing num- 
ber of people, which I think daily increases. It is 
with great difficulty the men of war's boats pre- 
vent the crowd approaching too near the ship. He 
now continues but a short time on the gangway, and 
is visible only to the inside boats. There is no truth 
in the account of his having taken possession in an 
authoritative manner of captain Maitiand's cabin. 

"We are so full in the ship, and have all of us 
given up our cabins and ward rooms to Bonaparte's 
suite, that we have been forced to sleep upon deck. 
"We are all anxious to know whether it is in- 
tended to give up all the persons proscribed.— 
L'Allemand has written a letter to the prince re 
gent, stating the manner in which he treated some 
English prisoners, whom he afterwards liberated 
and to whom lie wishes a reference to be made. 

"Bonaparte has also written another letter, from 
which he seems to have hopes of being permitted to 
remain in this country." 

London., August 7. — The Bellorophon sailed on 
Friday from Plymouth, accompanied by the Peru- 
vian and Eurotas, with sealed orders. It is under- 
stood that they are to meet the Northumberland 
at sea, when Bonaparte will be transferred to that 
ship, in order to his proceeding to St. Helena. Ber- 
trand, Savary, Lallemand, who are in the Eurotas, 
will be sent to some other destination? but it is 
supposed not to France, as was stated in the course 
of the last week. These perspns were first put on 
board the Lift'y, and thence transferred to the Eu- 
rotas, when the. Liffy was ordered to the Downs to 
be paid. off. 

Plymouth, August 5. The Bellerophon, of 74 guns 
having on board Bonaparte, accompanied by the 
Eurotas frigate and Peruvian brig of war, sailed 
yesterday afternoon to the eastward, supposed with 
a view of meeting the Northumberland off the 



shirts, waistcoats or neckcloths, merely for the pur- 
pose of saying that they had worn his clothes! — 
Blind infatuation! 

Among the sheets were several of exquisite cam- 
bric, inscribed in the corners with L: surmounted 
by a flat crown, in red silk, which renders it likely, 
that they were stolen from the present monarch of* 
France, or left by him in the Thuilleries when be 
fled from Paris. Others had N. also in red silk, 
and surmounted by a crown, but higher than the 
other, and imperial. Possibly Louis Bonaparte when 
king of Holland, might have been the owner of the. 
articles marked L. with the low red crown. 

Sir 11. Bunbury went on board the Bellerophon 
on Tuesday morning-, to announce to Bonaparte the 
determination of government as to his future desti- 
nation. When St. Helena was mentioned, Napo- 
leon, it is said, exclaimed, that he could not believe 
that the report, when he had heard of such a dc 
termination, would have been officially confirmed; 
that no power on earth should force him to leave 
the Bellerophon on such a voyage; that he would 
not go alive out of the Sound; and that if his pur- 
pose was prevented, he hoped that he could rely on 
his officers to put an end to his existence. When 
he appeared as usual, in the evening-, before the 
multitudes afloat, he looked extremely dejected 
and unwell. 

Such are the reports circulated since the visit of 
sir H. Bunbury, and which continued to circulate at 
Plymouth and Plymouth dock, uncontradicted. 

Bonaparte ajsu> themistocles. As Bonaparte has 
compared his situation and conduct to those of 
Themistocles, our readers may be amused with pe- 
rusing the following letter translated from the ori- 
ginal, as preserved by Cornelius Nepos, in his life of 
jthe illustrious Grecian — the simplicity of the ori- 
ginal is well preserved. 

"I, Themistocles, am come to you who caused 
greater calamities to your family than all the other 
Greeks, so long as it was my duty to make war a- 
gainst your father, in defence of my own country. 
1 also rendered to your father greater services than 
all the other Greeks as soon as I was safe, and he 
began to be in danger. For when he shewed an un- 
willingness to return into Asia after the battle of 
Salamis, I informed him by letter that it was in 
agitation to destroy the bridge he had thrown over 
the Hellespont, and to surround him. By which in- 
telligence he was delivered from the impending dan- 
ger: and now pursued and hunted by all Greece, I 
have betaken myself to you, and ask your friend- 
ship; which if I could obtain, you will find me no 
less sincere a friend, than I have been an active en- 
emy. I request, however, that you allow mc the 
space of one year previous to entering upon the bu- 
siness about which I desire to converse with you. 



Start Point, in order to transfer him to that ship, and that, at the end of that period,, you admit 



For the two last days previous to his sailing, no 
boats were suffered to approach near the Bellero- 
phon, during which time he did not shew himself 
to the public; but previous thereto the numbers 
that surrounded the ship every evening' were im- 
mense, amounting at times to upwards of 10,000 
persons," 

Bonaparte's property, excepting what may be ab- 
solutely necessary lor his use, had been sealed up, 
and is to be kept in England, in order to prevent 
him from committing bribery, but he will be at li- 
berty to bequeath it to any person he may like, at 
his death. 



to your presence. 

Artaxerxes, to whom this letter was addressed, 
most gladly received the illustrious exile, and mag- 
nificently provided for his support. Themistocles 
is supposed to have died by poison, from despair of 
bein*g able to accomplish what he had promised to 
the king* in relation to the subjugation of Greece 
Such, at least is the opinion of Cornelius Nepos, and, 
as he says, of Thucydides. 

St. Helena. — The island of St. Helena is about 
twenty miles in circumference, and the land is feo 
high that it may be discerned at sea about twenty 
leagues distant It consists, indeed, of one. vast 



£0 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, I8I& 

rock perpendicular on every side, like a castle in 
the middle of the ocean, whose natural walls arc 
too high to be attempted by scaling- ladders, nor is 
there- the smallest beach, except at the bay called 
Chapel Valley Bay, which is fortified with a strong 
(tottery of 50 large cannon, planted even with the 
water,' and farther defended by the perpetual dash- 
in? of prodigious waves against the shore, winch, 
without further resistance, makes the landing- diffi- 
cult; and a little creek, where two or three men 
mav'land from a small boat, but now rendered in- 
accessible by a battery. As there is no other- ancho- 
rage but at Chapel Valley, touching- here is extreme- 
iv precarious, for the wind being- always settled 
from the south east, if a ship once overshoots it, it 
%s a matter of great difficulty again to recover the 
harbor. Notwithstanding St, Helena appears on 
every side to be a hard barren rock, yet on the top 
it is covered with a coat of fine rich mould, about a 
foot and a half deep, which produces all manner of 
grain, grass, fruit, herbs, roots, and every kind of 
vegetables, in the utmost perfection and plenty.— 
\f°er ascending- the rock which borders it, to the 
sea, the country is prettily diversified with rising 
Libs and vallies— the first covered naturally with a 
threat variety of herbs, and the latter adorned with 
elegant plantations of fruit trees and gardens, 
among- which are dispersed the houses of the natives 
—while herds of cattle low about the fields, some 
of which are fattened for the supply of shipping-, 
and of the islanders, and the rest kept for milk, 
butter and cheese, and afford a prospect equally 
rich and delightful. Although no country produces 
finer cvons of wheat, vet amidst affluence, they are 
liable to be starved, and their crops totally consum- 
ed by rats 5 which breed in incredible numbers, and 
destroy every thing-, wiih all the desolation occa 
s'onedVbv locusts in some other countries. This 
however," is an evil to which certainly a remedy might 
be applied, as well as to the scarcity of wme, with 
which commoditv thev are now supplied by the com- 
pany's ships, and also with flour and malt. As the 
island is so sandv, and the soil too thin for large 
trees to take root,' it is extremely deficient m wood, 
and their verv houses are sent ready framed from 
England— but with regard to underwood, they have 
as ru'ich as is wanted in that warm climate. There 
are on the island between two and three hundred 
English families, or at least descended from En- 
glish parents, or some way allied to them.— Some 
'French refugees were likewise encouraged to settle 
in order to propagate vines ami make wine; a point 
in which thev have by no means been successful. 

This island is situated about 400 leagues from the 
coast of Africa, and GOO from the coast of South 
America. Lon. 5, 40, W. Greenwich, lat. 15, 5o> S. 



Bonaparte Was complimented be admiral Ilotham; 
after his surrender, bv an invitation to breakfast with 
him On this occasion the admiral ordered the 
yards manned as a mark of respect to his distin- 
guished guest. ■, ■ ■ 
Bonaparte's travelling- library was found m six 

,', , - A amounted to aboutSOO volumes.— Among 

them were Homer, Ossian, Voltaire's works, Gil 
. Don Quixote, Voltaire's Charles XII. &c. ah 
beautiful edition^ 

Reluctant en, plaint. Lord Grenville called the at- 
tention of the British parliament to the abolition of 
the "sja ft trade" on the 6th of June. "This object, it 
hoped, would fov< been secured upon the reeto- 
. uion of the conquered provinces of France; but all 
Lfaat has hitherto been done, either in France, or at 
. -,., „.. ,..,.. >arativelv, but a short way to the 



removal of the evil. On the late change in the.go- 
vernment of France, the person who now defucto ex- 
ercises the government of that country, [Bonaparte], 
stepped beyond the existing engagements, and com- 
pleted the abolition of the slave trade. Seeing-as I 
do, so much to disapprove in the conduct of that per- 
son and condemning- as I must, the whole of his pub- 
lic character, / am uorry my lords, that an opportunity 
vas left for him to do so grefit an apt. In so far he 
is clearly entitled to praise, for the act i.3 now done, 
and the French trade is abolished." 

Jerome Bonaparte is said to be ill of his wound* 
at Valenciennes. Lucien has been arrested at Turin. 

OF THE STATE OF FRANCE. 

London, July 26 — A mail arrived from Hamburg 
last night, but, excepting a letter from the neigh- 
borhood of Paris, dated the 5th mst. it brought no- 
thing worthy of notice. The letter alluded to,- states, 
that the property of the mayors who have been active 
for Bonaparte is to be sequestered, as also that of 
all the inhabitants who do not return in eight days 
to their habitations; the sequestrated property. to 
form a military fund, and to indemnify other inhabi- 
tants for sacrifices and requisitions. The allied ar- 
mies are to be maintained, clothed, paid and armed;- 
at the expense of the enemy's country., and the fol- 
lowing articles required from the occupied provin- 
ces— 150,000 pair of shoes, 150,000 coats, 40,000 
pair of boots, 150,000 cloaks, 150,000 pair of 
breeches, 150,000 pair of gaiters, 150,000 stocks, 
150,000 leather caps, 100,000 kettles and drinking 
vessels, 100,000 horse shoes, 3000 horses, half .sad- 
dle, half draught horses, and 4,000,000 of francs, to 
make good the arrears of pay. The allies appear to. 
have adopted the manner and style of the requisi- 
tions which French generals used to levy in foreigu 
countries. Even in Swedish Pomerania, when friend- 
ly, the French general told the governor the coun- 
try must provide for the Gallic troops, that it was 
the French, maxim, that where the army was it must 
be supported. 

Other letters state, and we think this exceeding 
probable, that the proceedings of the allies have 
been not a little embarrassed by the circumstance of 
the king having so soon made his appearance in 
Paris, Less difficulty, it is said, would have been 
experienced in settling the government, even for the 
king's ultimate and personal interests, if he had 
remained at Ghent. 

July 27.— We haye heard that the duke of Wel- 
lington is about to lead the greater part of the Bri- 
tish arnry, now in France, towards the Loire, and it 
is understood, that his grace will be permitted to. 
accept a commission from the allied sovereigns for 
uniting their corps to the British, and taking the 
command of the whole against the rebel forces in, 
the centre and south of the kingdom. 

Aug. 2. — Last night we received the Paris papers 
of Sunday, and this morning those of Monday. We 
did expect to have found in them a royal decree for 
disbanding the army of the Loire; but that army, as 
well as most other armies of France, continue to 
brave the 7-oyal authority, and to stand out for 
terms. Its head-quarters are at Bourgfes and it is 
untrue that. Davoust, its commander,, is at Paris.. 
Two divisions of this, army are at Biom under Excei- 
mans and Chastcl. They refiisg to hoist the white 
cockade, until they have the Icing's answer to 
their offer of submission. It is evident therefore, 

Ithat their submission is not entire and simple. 
A maii from Flanders arrived this morning, and 
■ the papers brought by it two letters from Paris, 6i 
• considerable interest, Ore says that the conditio.;**. 



niles' Weekly register—foreign articles. 



G'l 



to he imposed upon France are reported to be as .thus learn to sum Up the deformities which her tin- 
lollow: S( 'f trappings have .so long- concealed." 



Hii'iinguch and a circle round it to be given toj 
Switzerland, in order to render Basle secure for the 
future. 

Landau to be ceded to Germany. 

Givct, Philippeville, Maubeuge", Condc, and one 
«r two more fortresses (Lilse and Valenciennes we 
trust) to be given up to the king- of the Netherlands. 

A large contribution in mpney in a stipulated 
time. 

Chambery and that part of Savoy given to France 
hy the treaty of Paris, t* be restored to the king of 
Sardinia, who is to cede Nice. We do not see the 
propriety of this cession. France ought to have no 
cession made to her. 

To the above terms we trust will be added, the 
restoration by France of all the pillaged stsatues and 
pictures. 

French papers of the 2d inst were received yes- 
terday. The information respecting the refractory 
armies is yet scanty. There are numerous deser- 
tfcjnsj accompanied by great disorders and irregu- 
i " on the part of the soldiers, who carry off 
*' arms. These desertions and irregularities 
the generals declaim against, afrd endeavour to re- 
evidently for the purpose of maintaining 
their own power, by keeping the troops together, 
while the king's friends feel disposed to look with 
indulgence on the outrages in contemplating the 
reduction of the army. The main body is under 
stood to have gone from the Loire towards the 
mountains of \uvergne, in which the most despe 
rate will form gangs, living at discretion upon the 
whole country, when, as a whole y the force will have 
melted away "to nothing. It is supposed that when 
the military chest shall be exhausted, which may 
be concluded to be nearly the case at present, a 
g&.ic al dissolution will take place of itself. The 
notorious Lefebvre, with two regiments of cavalry 
have, it is said thrown themselves into the moun 
tains of Auvergne as partizans, that is, as military 
i-obbers.. Several of the persons of whom the king 
is more particularly bound to make examples, have 
feeen arrested; but we suppose only to be let loose 
again, with the double incentives of provocation and 
impunity, to commit fresh offences. - 

[Another Louden paper of August 7 y tells us that 
France i,s as unsettled as ever. "The head is fal- 
len, (says this paper) but the body still exists; a 
single wheel of the machine is deranged, but its 
general powers are not destroyed;, the serpent is 
overthrown, but his teeth are scattered abroad, to 
start up into the same fierce and dangerous com- 
batants that we have vainly subdued. In other 
words, Bonaparte has been taken from the scene, 
but the jacobin faction remain." 

It then goes on to state that the submission of the 
' army is every where slow and reluctant — that ma- 
ny towns are the victims of contending parties. — 
That even in Paris the mighty foreign armies are 
hardly able to keep down the factions. That dis- 
putes between the royalists and their opponents run 
so high, that at the public hotels they have had se- 
parate tables assigned them. Mentions that some 
arrests have taken place, and closes the article as 
follows: "Shall these men [meaning the people of 
France] talk about their destinies and their glo- 
ries, till the rest of the world are contented to be- 
lieve them, like clowns who gape at an impudent 



ippings 

Whether this unsettled state of things really ex- 
ist.; in France, or is only proclaimed by the "legiti- 
mates," to prepaid the -war/ for their designs upon her 
independence as a nation, we. shall know a little 
while hence. Possibly, the massacre of the French 
at Madrid, which was called a "glorious revolt!-' 
tion," may be re-transacted at Paris, on the foreign* 
ers — who, in like manner, have placed a king on the 
throne, and attempt to keep him there, against the 
will of the people. If these reports be true, it isr 
undoubted that Louis is not the 'desired' of France, 
and we may look for another, and, perhaps, more 
destructive revolution. Would that the world had 
repose! But it is hardly possible to have it, except 
in the most finished despotism, with the present 
system of kingcraft. 

The "legitimate" remark respecting the gallant 
Lefebvre is worthy of notice — he is a "military rob- 
ber-" but all that was heavenly was hardly suffi- 
cient to serve for encomiums on CSfina and others of 
the Spaniards who done the very tiring they attri- 
bute to him. What wretched and truly royal hy- 
pocrisy!] 

Old king George continues as usual — and Frede- 
rick Guelph has tumbled down and broke his arm; 
which, the London paper says, "will deprive the 
public of his active and valuable services." 

The loss of the Dutch and Belgian troops in the 
battle of Waterloo, was 27 officers, and 2053 un~. 
der officers and privates killed and missing, and 115 
officers and 1939 under officers and privates wound- 
ed. The loss of horses was 1680. 

National Guaiu) of Paris. — Order of the Da* 

taris, jult 4, 1815. — A convention has been" 
made with the generals of the allied powers to stop: 
the effusion of blood. 

The citizens of Paris should suffer no alarm, 
and remain in the position at once peaceable and: 
firm, which they have preserved in the midst of 
dangers. 

The police of the city remains entrusted to the 
national guard and to the municipal gendarmerie 
under my orders as governor of Paris. 

Continue to secure persons and property from 
all assault, to prevent all tumultuous assemblages, 
to silence every species of language that might 
tend to excite dissention, and not to suffer to be 
displayed in any ^lace by any person whatever, 
any other than the national colours : these are tha 
duties now imposed upon the national guard. 

I depend for their performance upon the zeal of 
the citizens who compose it, and upon the devotion 
of its officers. 

The marshal, peer of France, governor of Parfev 
commander in chief of the National guard. 

(Signed) Prince of ESSLING. 

paris, JtJiT 5. — Adieus of the army to the National 
guard of Paris. — Brave Comrades — We shall per- 
form our retreat upon the Loire, agreeably to a. 
convention. 

In making this sacrifice, so grievous for our glory, 
we give to France, to the country, the highest proof 
of our obedience. We carry with us the most 
lively regrets at separating from you, brave and 
generous citizens of Paris, whose valour and patrio- 
tism ever honour the ties of friendship and glory, 
bv which we have been re-united for the defence of, 



juggler? If it be for no other purpose than to vindi- the country 



xate the moral superiority of the rest of Europe, 
let France be left to gafce upon her nofcedaess, and 



Indeliable shame to those cowardly Frenchmen, 
who have laboured, who siil labour IVr the reverse/ 



(}2 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1815. 



of the nation, and smile at the success of foreign 
armies ! Leave them to disgrace themselves by 
their cries of baseness and of joy; they only dishonor 
themselves, and not the nation, which disowns them 
They will reap nothing but the double contempt, of 
their fellow citizens and even of our enemies who 
know how to respect our glory. 

Honor to yon, brave and generous citizens, who 
have rendered yourselves worthy of that respectable 
title by partaking our glorious labors ! Defend 
the national colors, . which we have made illustrious 
by our exploits. These lafet belong as well to you 
as to us; they are those of the nation. Preserve by 
yom* noble attitude those sacred titles to our 
esteem; we will preserve also the same title to 
yours. 

Arrived at the points designated for us, we shall 
Become stronger than ever by the same national 
spirit. Malignity will have no more influence upon 
our re-united arms. If contrary to our expectations 
the promises of an honorable peace, consecrating 
mir rights to choose our government and to give 
ourselves a free constitution, should be deceptive, 
we will hasten to you either to die in illustrating 
anew the French name, or to prove that a nation is 
always free when she wills it. 

Adieu, brave comrade? ; and you, citizens, worthy 
of the French name ! Upon the banks of the Loire, 
as upon those of the Seine, our vows shall be, for 
the country and for you. 

Subscribed by the commanders of corps, officers 
and subalterns. 

Pcwis, July 5. 
Temper of tbance. — From the New-York Co- 
lumbian. — Letters from France, received in New-York, 
relate the following facts : — Conde. — A French offi- 
cer, in the name of Louis XVIII. and the allies, 
was sent to the commander of this city to ask its 
surrender; for answer the officer was instantly seized 
and hung in front of the glacis and in full view of 
the enemy. 

A Prussian corps of 25,000 men were ordered to 
prevent the junction of two French divisions, the 
one under marshal Davoust, and the other under 
marshal Suchet. It happened that the Prussians 
arrived too late to prevent it, and soon enough to 
be litterally cut to pieces. Upwards of 11,000 
were killed, 9700 men wounded, and a corps of 
about 3000 men thatwere making their retreat were 
surrounded by the peasants armed with pitchforks 
axes, spades, hoes and scythes, and not one of the 
enemy escaped death. 

These facts, and many others similar, were not 
permitted to be printed in France; but the public 
may be assured of their authenticity. 



Old Times. 



^.IV.VT. "RATTLE ON XAKE CIIAMPEAIX, IN 1778. 

From the Columbian. — It appears from a very minute 
narrative in \he Gentleman's Magazine, (a periodical 
Jrish publication) that a naval encounter took place 
between the Americans and British on Lake Cham- 
plain in the year 1778. It is remarkable, as will be 
seen by the following, that this battle and Macdo- 
•lough's were both fought on the same, day of the 
month, and almost in the same month. Macdo- 
notigh's was fought on the 11th of September, and 
this on the 11th October. The British captain's 
nanie, who fought Macdonough, was Pring, (capt. 
Bownic being killed early in the action) — and in 
this battle the captain's name Pringle. The most 
surprising circumstance of all, however, is that not- 
withstanding the vast superiority of force on the 



part of the British, and the experience and skill' 
of an able naval officer, they still could not gain a 
victory over the American" squadron, commanded 
by no less a novice in maritime warfare than briga- 
dier-general Arnold. The reader must observe 
that the following facts are founded on British au- 
thority which in those trying times were notorious 
for exaggeration and misrepresentation. 

" The force," says the British historian, "was 
very considerable with respect to the place and 
service, extraordinary in regard to the little time 
spent in its formation, and such as, a very few ages 
ago, would have been deemed formidable even up- 
on the European seas. The ship Inflexible, which 
may be considered as admiral, had been re-con-, 
structed at St. John's, from whence she sailed in 
28 days after laying her keel. The strength of the 
two squadrons was as follows t 

RRITISH. 

Ship Inflexible, 18 twelve-pounders. 

Schooner, 14 six-pounders. 

Schooner, 12 do. 

A Radeaux, 12 twenty-four and twelve-pounders, 
besides howitzers. 

A Gondola, 7 nine pounders. 

20 Gun-Boats, 20 nine and twenty-four pounders.' 

Some Long-Boats, force not specified, tenders, 
transports, &.c. 

AMERTCAX, 

1 Schooner, (the largest vessel) 12 six: and four 
pounders. 

14 smaller vessels, force not specified. 

" Our armament," continues the British histo- 
rian, "was conducted by captain Pringle, and the 
fleet navigated by above 700 prime seamen, of 
whom 200 were volunteers from the transports, 
who after having rivalled those belonging to the 
ships of war in all the toil of preparation now boldly 
and freely partook with them in the danger of the' 
expedition. The guns were served by detachments 
of men and officers belonging to the corps of artil- 
lery. In a word, no equipment of the sort was - ever, 
better appointed, or more amply furnished with 
every kind of provision necessary for the intended 
service. 

The enemy's force was in no degree equal ei- 
ther with respect to the goodness of the vessels, 
the number of guns, furniture of war, or weight of- 
metal. Sensible, thoughithey were, of the necessi- 
ty of preserving the dominion of the lakes, and aid- 
ed in that design by the original force in their hands, 
with a great advantage in point of time for its en- 
crease, their intentions in that respect were counter- 
acted by many essential, and some irremediable defi- 
ciencies. They wanted timber, artillery, ship-build- 
ers, and all the materials necessary for such art 
equipment. Carpenters, and all others concerned 
in the business of shipping, were fully engaged at 
the sea ports in the construction and fitting out of 
privateers, whilst the remoteness, and difficulty of 
communication, rendered the supply of bulky 
materials extremely tedious. When we consider 
the difficulties on their part, we think it not just to. 
leny the Americans the praise, of having combat-' 
ed and in part overcome them, with an assiduity, 
perseverance, and spirit, which did not in the least 
fall short of what had been employed against them- 
For their fleet amounted to 15 vessels of different 
kinds, consisting of two schooners, one sloop, one 
cutter, three galleys, and eight, gondolcrs. The 
principal schooner mounted 12 six and four pound- 
ers. They were commanded by Benedict Arnold, 
who was now to support upon a new element, that 



NILES* WEEKLY REGISTER— CHRONICLE. 



rjtflown which he had acquired on land in the Canada 
expedition. 

" On the 11th of October our fleet having- pro- 
ceeded up the lake, discovered the enemy drawn 
up with great judgment, being 1 very advantageous- 
ly posted, and forming a strong line, to defend the 
passage between the Island of Valicour and the 
western main. A warm action ensued, and was 
vigorously supported on both sides for some hours; 
but the wind being unfavorable, so that the ship 
Inflexible, and some other vessels of force could not 
be worked up to the enemy, the weight of the 
action fell upon the schooner Carleton and the gun- 
boats, which they sustained with great firmness, 
such extraordinary efforts of resolution being dis- 
played both by men and officers, as merited and 
received the highest applause from their com- 
manders. It is to be presumed, that when so much 
praise was due and given to the conduct and valor 
of a superior force on our side, the enemy must not 
have acted their part amiss. t, 

"The detachment belonging to the corps of ar~ 
tillery, were highly distinguished, and did most es 
sential service in the gun-boats. But the same im 
pediments still continuing, which prevented their 
befog seconded by the other vessels-, captain 
Pringle, with the approbation of general Carleton 
(who was also in the fleet), thought it necessary for 
the present, to withdraw those that were enga- 
ged from the action. At the approach of night, 
he brought the whole fleet to anchor in a line, and 
as near as possible to the enemy, in order to pre- 
vent their retreat. 

"Being now fully sensible however of their in- 
feriority; the enemy took the opportunity which the 
darkness of the night afforded, of endeavoring to 
escape from their present imminent danger, hoping- 
to obtain shelter and protection at Crown Point. Ar- 
nold concerted and executed this design with abil- 
ity, and fortune seemed at first so favorable to his 
purpose, that they were out of sight by the next 
morning. The chase being however continued, both 
on that day and the succeeding day without inter- 
mission, the wind, and other circumstances peculiar 
to the navigation of the lake, which had been at 
first in favor of the Americans, became at length 
otherwise, so that they were overtaken and brought 
to action a few leagues short of Crown Point 

"A very warm engagement ensued, and conti- 
nued about two hours, during- which those vessels 
that were most ahead pushed on with the utmost 
speed, and passing Crown Point, escaped to Ti 
Conderoga. Bvit two gallies and five gondolas which 
remained with Arnold, made a desperate resistance. 
Finding, however, at length, that it was impossible 
to withstand the superiority of force, skill, and 
weight of metal, with which he was overborne, and 
that he was but ill seconded by the captains of some 
of his vessels, he determined that bis people should 
not become prisoners, nor the vessels a prey to the 
enemy. He executed this design with equal reso- 
lution and dexterity, and run the Congress galley, 
in which himself was, with the five gondolas, on 
shore, in such, a manner, as to land his men safely, 
and blow up the vessels, in spite of every effort 
that was used to prevent both. 

"Loss and defeat were so far from producing their 
usual effect with respect to Arnold, that his con- 
duct-in this command raised his character still high- 
er than it was before with his countrymen. They 
said that he not only acted the part of a brave sol- 
dier, but that he aiso amply filled that of an able 
naval commander. That when his vessels were torn 
almost to pieces, he retrentejl with the same reso- 



lution that he fought, and by the happiest and most 
critical judgment, prevented his people and them 
from falling into the hands of the enemy. But thev 
chiefly gloried in the dangerous attention he paid 
to a nice point of honor, in keeping his flag flying 
and not quitting his galley till she was in flames, 
lest the enemy should have boarded and struck it !" 
Alas! what an unhappy change was afterwards 
wrought upon this truly brave man. D, 



CHRONICLE. 



Adjritant dnd Inspector general 's office. Sept. lo, 18l5v- 

genehae order. — The president of the United' 
States has directed the following selections to fill 
vacancies, in the army, occasioned by non-acceptan- 
cies, under the general orders of May 17, 1815, viz -;' 

Samuel Shaw, hospital surgeon, 6th April, 18131 

William H, Buckner, surgeon of the late regiment 
of dragoons 6th July, 1812, to be hospital surgeon's 
mate, in lieu of J. B. Whiteridge, declined. 

Alexander Blair, surgeon of late 5th infantry 30th. 
March, 1814, to be hospital surgeon's mate, in lieu 
of WiMiam Jones, declined. 

Tobias P. Cambridge, hospital surgeon's mate, 
12th September, 1814, in lieu of Donaldson Yeates^ 
declined. 

C. G. Garrard, S. M. of late 44 th infantry, 24th 
March, 1814, to be surgeon's mate of the '1st in- 
fantry, in lieu of Henry Field, declined. 

S. H. Littlejohn, S. M. of late dragoons, 3d* 
April, 1813, to be surgeon's mate of 2d infantry, in 
lieu of William South-all, declined. 

Josiah Everett, S. M. of late 21st infantry, 21st 
July, 1813, to be surgeon's mate of 2d infantry hi 
lieu of Carter Edmunds, declined. 

John Gale, S. M. of late 23d infantry, 9th July,, 

1812, to be surgeon's mate of 3d infantry, in lieu of 
R. F. Hall, declined. 

Jacob De Lamotta, R. S. 1st May 1812, to be 
surgeon's mate, 4th infantry, in lieu of W. J. 'cocke, 
declined. 

Robert C. Lane, S. M. late 3d rifle, 11th March, 
1814) to be surgeon's mate 4th infantry, in lieu of 
James Bates, declined. 

S. M. Ingersoll, S. M. of late 37th infantry, 16th 
September, 1814, to be surgeon's mate, 7th infantry 
in lieu of Ashel Hall, declined. 

Samuel C. Muir, S. M. late 1st infantry 7th April, 

1813, to be surgeon's mate, 8th infantry in lieu of 
William Beaumont, declied. 

William Thomas, hospital surgeon, 18th Februa- 
ry, 1814, to be surgeon of rifle regiment, in lieu of 
L~ L. Near, declined. 

B >" order > D. PARKER, 

Adj. and lnsp. general. 

PlTTSBUHff, SEPTEMBER 9. 

To the Editor of the Mercury. 

Detroit, August 26, 1815.— Underneath vou have 
the substance of what has transpired as yet at the: 
Indian treaty, which is held three miles "from this 
place. 

August 22, 1815. — This day, a preliminary meeting- 
was held at the council house, in this city, '(Detroit* 
by gens. Harrison and M'Arthur, and Mr. Graham, 
commissioners plenipotentiary on the part of the 
United States,, and the chiefs and warriors of the 
principal part of the Wyandot s, Potto watomies, 
Chippaway and Ottowa nations. 

substance.— Gen. Harrison informed these chiefs 
and warriors, that one of the primarv objects in 
calling them here at this moment, was "a renewal of 
their former peace and friendship towards each 
other. Other nations, however, b eing abs en t, but verv 



54 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, UHi 



soon expected, it would be necessary to adjourn for 
their arriv.il. In the mean time, be requested the 
chiefs present to invite their brethren, who were 
now at Maiden, to attend at the Spring- Wells, 
(three miles below this town) on the 2oth inst. to 
kindle the council fire. 

Co the Coth, the commissioners met agreeably to 
adjournment. 

The messenger sent to Maiden returned fi 
answer, " that the message sent was delivered to 
their brethren, then in council witb the British com- 
mandant, who answered for thenV saying', " that 
his great father, on the other side of the great 
waters, had directed him to bold a council at this 
very lime, with his red children, and he could not 
think of letting the chiefs then present attend at 
the American fire kindled at the Spring Wells, until 
bis council was over. If the young men, said he, 
wish to go there, they might, he had no objections; 
but theold men ami chiefs, (the Prophet being 
among the number) must not go for the present — 
they must fasten the soles of their feet to the British 
shore." 

The chiefs, &c. at the Spring Wells, " expressed 
their satisfaction this day, at a renewal of peace 
and friendship between them and the United States; 
and said that they were naked and very hungry; 
and hoped that their fathers, the commissioners, 
would give them plenty of every thing, particularly 
bread, meat and whiskey." 

The nations absent on the 22d inst. have not yet 
arrived. 

Council adjourned, to meet on the 28th instant. 
.Extract of a letter from a gentleman on hoard of the 
United States frigate Congress, dated at Flushing, 
July 16. 

*' We arrived here after a pleasant passage of 29 
davs — rather longer than we expected, from our 
having got as far as 17 W. in 15 days; but after 
parting with the Neptune v. ■:: had nothing but 
easterly winds and calms for 19 days. We fell in 
with a number of British men of war, who were very 
polite, and in all instances rim under our lee, and 
requested to send a boat on board as they had 
information from lord Wellington's army. This our 
friend, his Excellency the Ambassador, was anx- 
ious to hear. Among the British men of war, was 
the one commanded by captain Dacres, formerly of 
1he Guerriere, who was remarkably polite. All the 
merchant men lowered their royals or top gallant 
ails as v/e passed. 

" On our arrival here, the Dutch admiral showed 
us every attention possible — offering to send a 
vessel to Antwerp at procure water, there being 
none on Walcheren. 

" We landed our minister in great style under a 
salute from this ship and the Dutch admiral, yards 
manned, &c. On his arrival at the hotel, the captain 
and a number of officers called upon the minister, 
who gave an entertainment. 

" During the passage Mrs. Eiistie never once 
complained of indisposition. 

"Yesterday the Ambassador and suite embarked 
on board the king's yacht accompanied by captain 
Morris, 'tor Rotterdam. On the return of captain M„ 
which will be in 2 or 3 days, we shall leave here for 
the Mediterranean." 

BRITISH wkst isnir.H. — It is known to those who 
are concerned in the West India trade, that two or 
more of the governments of those islands on their 
ewn responsibility permitted the entry of American 
vessels with produce, aLer the expiration in March 
hist, of the order in council, premitting their entry. 
The following is a copy of the. reply of the British 



minister to the governor of the island of Tobago 6A 
this subject. 

Doxming-street, SOth May, 1815. 

Sir — I have received your despatch of the SOtty 
March, and am very sorry to be under the necessi- 
ty of conveying to you the decided disapprobation 
of his majesty's government, of your having admitted 
any American vessel to entry, after the expiratiori 
of the order in council, by which such admission 
was authorized for a limitted time. 

The conduct which you have adopted in this in- 
stance, is both contrary to law and the general in- 
terest of his majesty's colonies, and I am therefore 
to signify to you the express commands of his roy- 
al highness the prince regent, that you should in no 
instance take it Upon yourself to authorize the ad- 
mission into the ports of Tobago of vessels and car-* 
goes, which are excluded by the general law of the 
empire. 

(Signed) BATHURST. 

His honor John Balfour, Esq. 

(Xj^There is a decided disposition in the Britisli 
to exclude our vessels as much as is possible from 
all their colonies. Some of their acts in the West 
Indies are outrageously severe. The ship owners 
of the east begin to talk a new language. 

The Indians. There is a prospect of an imme- r 
diate peace with the Indians of the north west, as 
we learn by a letter received by the surveyor-gene- 
ral from governor Cass, at Detroit; and, in conse- 
quence, surveyors were about to start from Chili' 
cothe to run the lines, &c. But the Sacs and Foxes, 
west of the Mississippi, it is thought, must be 
brought to a sense of justice through feeling— they 
must be Jacksonized, as the saying is in the west. 

Shipwrecks. An idea, of the effects of the late 
gales, may be gathered from the following faet^ 
mentioned in a Boston paper — "A few days since,' 
eleven sail of dismasted ships and brigs were seen 
off Gay Head, all in sight of each other! Six of 
them went into Newport, and the remainder chief- 
ly through the Vineyard Sound. 

Transportation.-*r-The British are transporting 
considerable numbers of Scotch to Canada, and 
Irish to Newfoundland. 

Vermont election. — We have not yet received the* 
returns ; but the republican ticket has entirely pre- 
vailed. 

Ceylon. The British papers officially state the 
capture of Candy and the entire subjugation of Ceyw 
Ion. The king," with two of his wives, was takejr 
prisoner. Will the illustrious "congress of Vien- 
na/' the "high allies," restore hih to the throne? 
Ah! — the spoiler is one of themselves, and the act is 
"legitimate." The affair is thus announced— - 

"Despatches have been received from general 
Brownrig, the governor of Ceylon, in the East In- 
dies, of rather a gratifying description. 

"The king' of Candy (the Bonaparte of Ceylon) 
who lias been long a ferocious 1 and barbarous ene- 
my of the British nation in that quarter of the globe; 
has been taken prisoner, after his troops were total* 
ly defeated by the British and native Indian forces 
sent against them. His power is r in fact, at an end, 
and his territories have been annexed to our Indian 
possessions." 

The king of Candy was the "Bonaparte of Cej' 
Ion," and "a ferocious and barbarous enemy of the- 
British nation hi that quarter of the globe" — Why t 
— Simply, because the British invaded his territo- 
ries and would have served him as Napoleon would 
have treated Spain. This is the truth * let the 
"legitimates" Jobk to it*.. 



STILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



No. 5 er Vol. IX. 



BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815. [wh.uk no. 21.3. 



Jlac olim m&rmnishe juvabit. — Vmcii. 



JPIUVTED A»U PUBLISHED BY II. N1U68, NO. 29, SOUTH CAT.VEH T-8THKET, AT $5 PEIl ANSHf. 



(jj^The present number [No. 5] consists of a sheet Stoniri 
and a half, or 24 pages, being 1 an extra quantity of 
unusually interesting- matter — among* which is a list 
of the officers of the nary of the United Slates, so 
arranged as to be concluded in the next paper and 
follow in regailar succession when the work is bound 
up ; apian that will be always pursued when mecha- 
nical convenience, or a due regard for variety, shall 
induce us to divide a long article. 



We design, in the next paper, to insert an exceed- 
ingly interesting account of Wilmington, Del. and its 
vicinity, shewing the manufactories in that delight- 
ful neighborhood ; to which is added a philosophi- 
cal essay "on the probability of human life in the 
middle states," Sect 



On giving away half a sheet, I have, felt justified 
in appropriating- a page to shew the contents of the 
Supplement to the 8th Volume, just published and 
£br warded to all whose orders for it have yet reach- 
fed me. About 300 copies remain to be disposed of, 
•and may had at lj$ each. 



Contents of Supplement 

TO VOLUME THE KIOHTH. 

{fbbbetfs Jctters, and other -writings, on American 
affairs. 
To the prince regent, .Feb. 1, 1812 — Same, April 
23, — same, Dec. 29 — Summary of politics — On the 
rtavj-, &c. — On the American war, Feb. 20, 1812 
'Same, May 22, 1813— Same, Aug. 4,— Battle of 
Chippewa — Ditto, &x. — On the American navy — 
Battle of Niagara — Capture of Washington — Ways 
and means, and debt— On "drubbing the yankees"— 
Maritime rights — A new boundary, &c. — General 
remarks — On retaliation — On the affair at Plattsburg, 
&c. — Champlain, &c. — Situation of the United States 
— Mention of sir Geo. Heathcote, Mi\ Whitbread, 
&c— On the justification of the British in the United 
States' newspapers, &c. — General patriotism of the 
people — Dialogue with "Mrs. Friend,"— On Ameri- 
can humanity — Of the federalists — On the negocia- 
iions at Ghent; American congress; battle near fort 
Erie; lake Ontario; lake Champlain, and attack on 
Mobile — On American bravery-^-To the Cossack 
priesthood of Massachusetts — Desultory remarks 
•on Mr. Pickering and others— To his correspondents 
in the United States— On the constitutions of Eng- 
land, America and France — To certain gentlemen 
of Albany, N. Y.— To the earl of Liverpool, Dec. 10 
— Same, Dec. 24, on "conscription," &c. — Same, on 
the part America may take in the war of England 
asrainst France. 



Accident at Newburyport ; American privateers, 
on the British coast, proceedings at Bristol there- 
on and reply to the mayor — Anecdotes, naval and 
military— of gen. Brown ; col. Jess-up ; of an Ameri- 
can sergeant ; of American soldiers.; of a Kentucky 
militiaman ; various of the battle on Erie ; of the 
three presidents ; of the Hornet and Penguin ; "les- 
" from an Irish paper ; of the fight of the Unjt- 



t ton ; Army of the U. S. French encomium 
upon; Atlas, the transport; Baltimore Volunteers, 
and S. II. Moore, various facts ; Com. Barney, 
sword voted to ; Lord Bathurst; Beauty and booty, 
see JV&a-r Orleans ■; Gen. Porter's narrative of the 
battle at Black Roek ; Blue light ingenuity ; A blue 
light caught by capt. Porter ; The buttle of Bridge- 
water; British wincing; British barbarity — see Pri- 
soners', British modesty; British "magnanimity ;" 
Gen. Brown, his orders on assuming command at 
Sackett's Harbor ; The Bulwark 74 ; Camden, 8. C, 
its patriotism ; Capitol at Washington ; Biography 
of major gen. Carrol, and his address to his soldiers; 
The hero of Castine ; Inventory of effects captur- 
ed in the British fleet upon Lake Champlain ; 
Additional accounts of the battle upon that lake ; 
The battle of Chippewa ; Cincinnati of S. Carolina ; 
Crrckburn ; Colonization proposed; The fiigate 
Constellation ; Court martial — on capt. Dyson ; on 
capt. Treat; on paymaster Williams ; on lieutenant 
Saint ; on the officers and crew of the Scourge pri- 
vateer. — Gen. Covington ; The Creeks, an account 
of the country they ceded; letters from gov. Clai- 
borne, captain Kennedy and col. Bowyer, respecting- 
the War with them. 

The heroes of Delaware ; Disbanded officers % 
Disgraceful fact; Various facts and remarks on 
the occupation of Eastport, by the British ; Fe- 
male patriotism ; An outrage at Georgia, Ver. 
Gun -boat, No. 146; Gen. Harrison vindicated-; 
Hartford convention ; Libel on the United States by 
Louis' agent for the island »f Hayti; Col. Henderson-, 
Admiral Hotham, at Hartford ; American humanity; 
Cases of Impressment— J. Salkelk, W. Parker, PL 
Thayer, C. Vass, M. Conkle, J. Guedron, T. E. Oli- 
ver, of the whole crew of the Pekin, E. Sterling, 
S, W. Rennel, J. M'Donnal, W. Carney, J. Dunstan, 
W. Burton, J. Hosman, D. Jackson — statement oi" 
facts regal-ding impressment from a passenger-ship 
in Ireland; Naval inventory; Gen. Jackson, see 
jYero- Orleans — his address to Coffee's brigade in th» 
Creek country; Narrative of the rev. Mr. Jones, 
An act of justice. 

Thomas King, narrative of his escape from a BrL 
tish prison ; Col. Lauderdale ; Lessons, from an 
Irish paper; Dr. Jones' narrative of the* burning 
of Lewistown ; General M'Clure's address to the 
people of Upper Canada; Dr. M'Nevin ; "M gnan> 
mity;" a project for establishing a National Bank ; 
British compliments upon the American Navy ; 
New-England salute ; The battle of Niagara. 

Officers disbanded—letter respecting them from 
the Richmond Enquirer. Captain Paine, return* 
to Charleston; Peace, incidents belonging to— ef- 
ects of on the price of commodities ; message of 
the governor of N. York thereon ; "Peace party" 
outrages. Americans at Pensacoia ; Perry's eulo 
giiim on the Kentuckians ; Plattsburg, additional 
Accounts of the battle; capt. Porter; his toast; 
Falsehood respecting the frigate President ; Sir 
Geo. Prevost, his general orders on leaving Canada; 
Prices of articles, as affec ed by the peace ; Priva- 
teering at home : British distribution of prize-mo- 
ney ; Prisoners, on tne treatment of— Case of S. l>a- 
' Facts .....act document? respecting: those held as 



©d States and Macedonian 
VOL. IX, 



yankee ingenuity ; of 



VIS 



hostages at Ipswich 
E 



Of eapt. Bessom, of the Tom v 



66 NILEJS' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 181; 



hawk privateer, and his crew on board the Bulwark : 
of lieut. Bird; Contrast of treatment ; Ma- 
jor Lowe ; OFcapt. Cochet and capt. Crowninshiekl; 
Of the murder of col. Bull ;— .Mr. Rea, his remarks 
on die destruction of the capitol ; Capt. Reed, ot 
the General Armstrong privateer; li evolutionary 
army of the XL S. — List of the staff ; Sales of the U. 
:. ; . horses, ike. at Richmond ; Extract from Dr. In- 
irli-.' sermon; Skives, of those carried off; The 
faiihfUj slave ; Lieut. Smith, of the U. S. navy ; Spi- 
i ted act j The "dash at? Stonington ; The British 
at St. Mary*s ; Gen. Strong, of the Vt. militia, ge- 
neral orders ; Superb 74, the news of peace receiv- 
ed on bo.ird. 

Capt. Treat acquitted ; Traitors ; Useful hints, to 
gratify British curiosity; War and peace prices ; 
Warrior privateer ; 4" libel upon the U. S. ship 
Wasp ; Windsor Castle, a prize vessel ; How to 
'catch a Yankee ; Yankee ingenuity. 

COniiP.srCXBEXCE. 

Col. Barclay andgen. Mason, on the prisoners 
taken in the Dominica ; Extract of a letter from 
, London, on the peace ; Sir Geo. Frevost to general 
Druramond, intercepted; Address from certain re- 
publicans at _ Boston to the President, and reply ; 
Ditto at Baltimore.and ditto ; Major Croghan's let- 
ter to a friend, respecting gen. Harrison ; For cor- 
respondence respecting affairs at New Orleans, see 

JUDXCXAT., 

Judge Toulmia's deoibion in the case of the schr. 
Active; A decision in the circuit court of the U. 
States for Massachusetts, on patent rights ; The 
case of com. Murray vs. col. A.. M'Lane; S Fhe own- 
ers &c. of the Roger privateer tw. the ship Fortuna 
and cargo ; Case of the Nereid. 

NEW-ORLEANS. 

On the attack upon, from the Ulster Recorder ; 
facts regarding the Kentuckiar. sat Orleans ; volumi- 
nous details of incidents and tilings belonging to the 
attack on the place ; the inarch of the Tennesseans ; 
ilr. Shields' second expedition ; Gen. Villere ; The 
gun-boat^ ; Mexican patriots ; General patriotism ; 
The ladies ; Colonel Henderson ; col. Lauderdale ; 
"caprice of John Bull's taste," poetical ; Honors to 
General Jackson; Jackson's letter to gov. Blount; 
his general orders in the case of M. Louaillier ; 
Gen. Humbert's address ; Vote of thanks by the le- 
gislature of Louisiana; gov. Claiborne to gen. Car- 
rol and reply ; The same to gen. Coffee, and ditto ; 
From a soldier to his father; Gem Carrol to rov. 
Blount. 

SPEECHES. 

Military peace establishment — Substance of the 
remarks of Messrs. Troup, Bickering, Desha, 
Wright, Sharp, Hopkins, Forsyth, Shetfey, Fisk, 
(of Vt.) Coldsbuough, Grosvenor, Gholson, Rhea, 
(of Ten.) Stockton, Macon, M'Rim, Farrow, Cuth- 
beii, Potter, Calhoun, Hanson, King, Jackson, (of 
Va.j and Eppcs. 



Navy and transports .... £18,644,200 

Army and ordnance 43,532,398 

Foreign payments, including- bills of 

credit ......... 9,000,000 

Vote of credit 6,000,000— do. for 

Ireland 200,000 6,200,000 

Army prize money . . . 942,347 

Miscellaneous , 3,000,000 

"Separate charges," various . . ' 8,300,000 

£89,728,926 
To which is to be added, the payment of the 
interest on the national debt — support of the civil 
government, allowances, pensions and bounties, &c. 
&c. &c. making in the whole not less than forty 
millions ; or a grand total of one hundred and thirty 
millions, equal to about five hundred and seventy 
seven millions of dollars, for one year. 
The war expences were as follows : 

In 1808, £44,000,000 



British Statistics. 

TXFFNTiT'i r;K;;8— LOANS, &c. FOR 1815. 

bJe Jabcr and attention have been di- 
; ■•- <••; to bring out the results below — which, the, 
editor fceJIevea, will interest many of his readers* 
whohavenot leisure or opportunity to wade through I 
the f'ocuments and papers needful to obtain them. | 
Tlie sum required for tnc service of the united I 
kingdom .of Great Britain and Ireland, for the year J 
1H15, wae rio#!'.t 90 ualldWK sterling, as follows : 



1809, 

1810, .... 

1813, .... 

1812, .... 

1813, .... 

1814, . . . . 

1815, calculated at 



50,000,000 

47,000,000 
52,000,000 
52,000,000 
57,000,030 
68,000,000 
72,000/000 



Ih eight years . . . ^442,000,000 

Equal to §1,962,480.000— nearly two thousand 
millions of dollars. To which inconceivable amount 
must be added vast claims not yet liquidated. 

The fiscal operations of Great Britain have been 
greatly aided by the Sinking Fund. (See the his- 
tory and account of this fund, vol. II. page 60.) 
Its proceeds are sometimes nearly equal to the 
sums borrowed ; but latterly, by some encroach- 
ments upon it, and a greater want of money, it has 
fallen much short. In 1806, the sinking Laid was 
equal to a 65th part of the whole national debt. 
It went on prosperously three or four years and 
got up to a 44th ; but reverted, in 1814, to a 64th, 
and probably this year will be about a 70th part ot 
the debt. In 1806 the product of the the sinking- 
fund was within 1. 2,700,000 of the amount of the 
loans for that year ; in 1810, less by 5 millions ; in 

1814, less by 29 millions ; and in 1815, less by 33 
millions of pounds. 

The ways and means for the service of the year 

1815, were as follow : 
Annual duties . . . . . . . Z.3,000,000 



Surplus consolidated fund 

War taxes 

Lottery ...... 

Naval stores . . . . . 

Vote 01 credit .... 



3,000,000 

22,000,000 

250,000 

508,700 

6,000,000 



Z.34,756,700 
Leaving about fifty-five millions to be raised by 
loans, except the produce of the taxes, in Ireland, 
which is not seated. 

The customs, excises, &c. &c. &c. not mentioned, 
are probably equal to the payment of the interest 
on the national debt, and support of the civil list, 
assisted by the product of the sinking" fund. 

We now come to the difficult talk of attempting 
to explain the nature and principle of the British 
loans in general, but especially of the great loan of 
36 millions (159,840,000 dollars) voted on the 14th 
of June last, in part to support the service of the 
year. The facts below have been collected, and 
collated with great care, and, we believe, are es- 
sentially correct in all their parts. But much study 
and reflection, perhaps, more than I am capable o 



HUES' WEEKLY REGISTER— BRITISH STATISTICS. 



67 



bestowing on the subject, is requisite to obtain a 

general i.-L'a of the British method of managing 

their loans. Indeed, it may be esteemed as a science 

mi generis. But the facts developed, as far we have 

gone, are interesting- and curious. 

The terms of this loan of 36 millions were as 

follows ; 

130/. 3 per cents, reduced ")/. * An , 

m/ a * „ 1 / for every 100?. 

10/. 4 per -cents. > , -., , 

J A , n ' , -C subscribed. 

44/. o per cents consols. J 

The dividend upon the 3 per cent* redue'ed and 

4 per cents, to commence from April last, and upt>n 

the 3 per cent, consols from July next; and the 

iirst half-yearly dividends on the 3 per cent, reduced, 

3 per cent, consols, and 4 per cents, to be exempted 
from the property tax. Discount after the rate of 

4 per cent, per annum for payments made in full. 
The time of payment embraces a period of 10 

months — JO per cent, a month. The iirst instalment 
in June, 1815, the last in March, 1816. 

Tne day en which this loan was taken, those 
amounts of stocks would have produced in the mo- 
ney market 101/. 15 Si. This, with the discount 
for prompt payment, pre-interest allowed, &.c. con- 
stitutes what is called in stock-jobbing phrase, the 
■bonus,- to be shewn more clearly below. 

But in consequence of this great loan being 1 re- 
quired, the stocks were lower on the 14th of June 
than they had ever been before, on one occasion ex- 
cepted. Only five days before, the stocks given for 
100/. would have produced 107/. 10s. 6d. in money — 
thus: 

130/. 3 percent, reduced at 57/. 10 74/. 15 
10/. 4 per cents. 72/. 15 71, 5 6 

44/. 3 per cent consols 53/. 15 257. 10 



107/. 10 6 



The stocks, June 8, 
« " 14, 



107/. 10 6 
101/. 15 2| 



Difference . 51. 14 3£ 

Shewing" a depreciation of the value of stocks, or 
a rise of the value of money, in the space of 6 days, 
of 51. 14 3A, per cent. 

In the year 1792, the 3 per cent, consols had a 
steady sale at 95/. per cent. In 1802, they had 
fallen to 771 At the peace of Paris, 1814, they 
were worth 66/. Their present value will be noted 
below, when we attempt to shew the profit made by 
-the contractors for the loan. 

The real depreciation of the Value of British 
.stocks, compared with gold and silver, may be ex- 
hibited as follows: 

In 1792, 100/. in the 3 per tents, would 

produce in specie . . . 95?. 0t) 
— June 14, 1815, the saute 100/. 
would fetch in paper curren- 
cy, .... 55/15 
Deduct premium for specie 
at 30 per cent . . , . 16/. 14—39/. 1 



_ Meal depredation, per cent. 551. 19 

That is — 100/. of stock was worth fifty-five pounds 
nineteen shillings more in 1792, than on the 14th 
of June, 1815. 

The contractors of the loan have also a singu- 
lar advantage, or 'bonus, as to the interest on the 
stocks issued. We see that the interest on some 
part of them is actually to commence almost two 
months before the loan was effected! — and they will 
have received, or had due, 274,054 of interest, "bifore 
they paid one farthing of the principal And furt'ner, 
takinguthe en-d of 5 months as the eqxrated fime of 



11 the instalments, they will receive for the fa's? 
year, an additional extra or clear interest of about 
1,080,000/. That is— the interest that will be purl 
or accrue on the stocks issued for the money the con- 
tractors have engaged to pay, will produce to them 
the sum of 1,334,054/. over and beyond the interest 
on the money as really paid into the treasury. 

We are unable to comprehend clearly the amount 
borrowed for the service of the year 1815; for the 
chancellor of the exchequer (Mr; Vansittart) some- 
times leaves us in doubt whether he means Great 
Britain and Ireland jointly, or Great Britain only, 
and there are some other things that we are not 
confident of under rightly. In his speech of the 
14th June, in the house of commons, in producing 
the budget he says — 

"The total amount of the capital created by the 
exchequer bills [treasury notes'] funded, and the 
loan in the five per cents, amounted to 21/208,000/, 
5 per cent, stock: the interest of this to 1,050,000/. 
the sinking fund 331,000/. with the usual charge 
for management. The loan obtained that day cre- 
ated a capital of 49,680,000/. the interest of which 
would be 1,517,000/.; the sinking fund, which by the 
act of 1813 was extended to exchequer bills, would 
amount to 758,700?.; to which was to be added the 
charge for management. The total amount of the 
capital created in the present year by funding, was 
70,888,000/. The interest on this was 2,577,000'.; 
the sinking fund 1,090,000/. The total annual charge 
to the country, 3,689,000/. The rate per cent, at 
which the whole of the sum raised in the present 
year had been obtained was, to the subscribers (in- 
cluding the sinking fund) 51. 14s. 2\d. The total 
charge' .'o the country ivas, every thing included, 81. 
3s. 5|J." 

J3y this, we suppose that nearly 50 millions had 
been borrowed, and that the whole charge to the 
nation therefor, was really at the rate of 8/. 3s. 5%d'< 
per cent. 

We shall now proceed to an estimate of part of 
the profits made by the contractors for this loan of 
30 millions : 

The price of stocks on the 27th of June (on the 
news of the downfall of Bonaparte J was—* 

For 3 percent, reduced £58 15 

4 per cents. 73 2 6 

3 per cent, consols, 60 10 

The fair peace price of the" latter may be esteem-* 
ed at 651. which, indeed, is lower than they are 
under such a circumstance. But we intend merely 
to attempt to shew what they may be considered to 
have realized in thirteen days. 

They have — 46 millions of 3 per cent, reduced., 
rated to them, June 16, at 55/. 2s. 6d. per cent, but 
worth on the 27th of that month, 58/. 15s. and had an 
advance of 31. 7s. 6d. for every 1007. of stock. In 
like manner, there was an advance on the 4 per cents. 
of 31. 7s. 6d. and on the 3 per cent, consols, of 4.1 15s. 
per 100/. 
46,000,000 of 3 per cent. red. at 3L 7s. 6d. 

per 100/. 1,552,500 

3,600,000 4 per cents ditto 121,500 

15,840,000 3 per cent, consols. 4/. 15s. 722,400 



.€2,296,-100 
But Mr* Vansittart said the contractors had re- 
ceived a bo7iu$ of 31. 2s. per cent. We do not ck-» 
actly lnwM*show this was made up. A part of it 
was In the 1^ 15s. 2 l 2 d. which he gave in stocks^ 
over their selliitg price on the day the loan was ne- 
gotiated, as described above. But there is no doubt 
they received the whole 3/. £>. ITe woald not* make 
it nwre than he had paid- 



58 KILLS' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1813. 



56 millions at Si 2s. percent. 
Add to the above, rise of stock 



1,116,J00 

2,396,400 



3,512,400 
To which again add the interest received 
over and beyond the interest on the prin- 
cipal paid, as before stated *1,334,054 



7.4,846,454 
"Which, T think, comes pretty nearly, though I hard- 
ly believe k amounts to the profits achmlly made by 
the contractors in the space of thirteen days. Upon 
reflection, I Feel confident that this enormous amount 
is below the real profit. So great is the profligacy 
of" the government in issuing its paper, and so wiiy 
'die jobbers in the management of their affairs, that, 
It is probable, the sum may be given at six millions 
of pounds sterling* — if not more. 

A few more calculations and we have done — 
The amount of the loan /.36,000,000 

Deduct the bonus at 3/. 2s. per 

cent. * 1,116,000 

The extra interest 1,334,054, 

Oilier allowances and charges 



management 



1,000,000 



,450,051 



Produce 



I. 32,549,946 



Then, to shew the specie, or real value,, 
deduct at the rate of 30 par cent, only 
(and specie at the time the loan was 
effected was more than that advance 
epmpared with bank notes, and the 
British government has doubtless paid 
at that rate for it) and the product will 
he J.25,03'8,420 

The loan of thirty-six millions might, therefore, 

have been bought for £25,038,420 in cash, or its 

equivalent. And 144 J. of the loan raised only 100/. 

in cash. 

The stock issued for this loan of 36 millions, which 

raised 25 millions in cash., or its equivalent, was 

65,44-0,000— thus : 

46,000,000 of 3 per cent, reduced 
3,600,000 4 per cents. 
15,840.000 3 per cent, consols. 



/.65,440,00— equal to- $290,553,800 
And 100/. of stock produced o»ly 38/. 5s. in cash 
or its equivalent. 

Tables to shew th-fi actual taxes paid by the peo- 
ple of England, including those in the shape of 
tythes, poor r^tcs and count}' rates, &c. 8cc. with 
a calculation of what is borne by the productive po- 
pulation of the kingdom, will be useful, and may 
be attempted — to present a wholesome contrast to 
the people of the United States. 



at the bank previous to the 28th of March, 180^ 
was 4,227,025/. — The aggregate amount of bank 
notes, (including 1,200,220/. in bank post bills) irt 
circulation on the 15th of May, was 26,473,880f.< 
The average amount of unclaimed dividends on 
the hands of the bank for 12 months, up to the 1st 
of January, was 779,794/. making the gross amount 
9,357,533/. — The amount of unclaimed dividends 
in the hands of the bank on the first of January, 
1815, was 1,297,742/. of which 876,739/. has been 
advanced to government per 31 and 48 George 1IL J 
leaving a remainder in the bank of 421,003/. 
Mr. GrenfeWs resolutions, proposed concerning the 
bank of England. 

1. That it appears, that there was paid by the 
public to the bank of England, for managing the 
national debt, including the charge for contribu- 
tions on loans and lotteries, in the year ending 
5th of July, 1792, the sum of 99,803/ 12s. 5d.; artd 
that there was paid for the like service, in the year 
ending 5th of April, 1815, the sum of 281,568/. 6a* 
11 lAd. being an increase of 181,764/. 14s. 6 t-4tf. 
In addition to which, the bank of England have 
charged at the rate of 1250/ per million on the 
amount of property duty received at the bank 
on profits arising from professions, trades, and 
offices. 

2. That the total amount of bank notes and 
bank post bills, in circulation, in the years 1795 
and 1796, the latter being the year previous to the 
restriction on cash payments; and in the year 1814* 
was as follows : 

1795— 1st Feb.— 12,735,5^0/.— and 1st Aug. 11,21-J ,000k 
1796-lst do.— ;o.784,740/.-and 1st do. 9,856,1*0/. 
1*14— 1st do.— 25,154,95.-;/.— and 1st do. 28,80i.,45«/. 

3. That at present and during many years past, 
more particularly since the year 1806, considerable 
sums of public money, forming together an average 
stationary balance amounting to many millions, have/- 
been deposited with, or otherwise placed in the 
custody of the bank of England, acting in this 
respect as the bankers of the public. 

4. That it appears, from a report ordered to- 
be printed, 10th of August, 1807, from « the com- 
mittee on the public expenditure of the united 
kingdom," that the aggregate amount of balances 
and deposits of public money in the hands of the 
bank of England, including bank notes deposited 
in the exchequer, made up in four different periods 
of the quarter ending 5th January, 1807, fluctuated 
betwixt the sums. 



VJUm A 1A.TE K2TGLISH PAPEIU 

Jiank of England account:;. — The average amount 
of public balances in the hands of the bank, be 
tween the 1st of February, 1814,, and the 15th of 
January, 1815, both inclusive, upon accounts opened 
at die bank, was 261,1627. : and the amount of the 
same (exclusive of the exchequer account) between 
the 1st of Febrmu-y 1814, and the 15th of January, 
1815, both days inclusive, upon accounts opened 






<"y 



of/.ll,461,200, 
& 12,198,236 



exchequer. 



excluding bank notes depo- 
sited at the exchequer. 



* Tliis is fairly added, because the prices quoted 
Wfire those paid for the ordinary stocks. Those 
issued for thi:> loan were not yet. in the market, ex- 
cept m What js called omnium — i. e. a script of«// 
'\ e stocks of which a loan may be composed. 



of £8,178,536, 

& 9,948,400 i 

5. ~rhat the aggregate amount of such depo- 
sits, together with the exchequer bills and bank 
notes deposited in the chests of the four tellers 
of the exchequer, was on an average in the year 
1814- 

11,966,371/. including bank notes deposited at the 
exchequer, -.mounting to 642,264/. 
or, 

11,324,107/. excluding bank notes deposited at the 
exchequer. 

6. That it appears that this aggregate amount 
of deposits, together with such portions of the 
amount of bank notes and bank post bills in cir- 
culation as may have been invested by the bank in 

ecurities bearing interest, was productive during 
the same period, of interest and profit to the bank, 
of England.. 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SOUTH AMRMCA. 



GO 



7. That the only participation hitherto enjoyed 
by the public, since the year 1806, in the profits 
thus made on such deposits by the bank, has con- 
sisted, of a loan of three millions, advanced, by the 
bank, by 46 Geo. III. cap. 41, bearing 3 per cent, 
interest, which loan was discharged in December, 
J814 : and in another loan of three millions, ad- 
vanced to the public by the bank by the 48 Ceo. 
III. cap 3, free, of any charge of interest; which 
loan became payable in December, 1814, but has, by 
an act of the present session of parliament, cap, 16. 
been continued to the 5th of April, 1816. 

8. That this house will take into early consi- 
deration the advantages derived by the bank, as 
well from the management of the national debt 
as from the -amount of balances of public money 
remaining in their hands, with the view to the 
adoption of such an arrangement, when the engage- 
ments now subsisting shall have expired, as may be 
consistent with what is due to the interests of the 
public, and to the rights, credit, and stability of the 
frank of England. 

,18th June, 1815. 



Mexico and South America. 

(From a Louisiana Correspondent. J 
At a time when our brethren of Mexico and South 
America are bravely contending for their liberties, 
it must be gratifying to the people of the United 
States to receive an account of their progress. 

The Spanish government having prohibited the 
entry of foreigners into those important regions, for 
the space of three centuries; we have only heard of 
their existence by the fame of their mines: But the 
spell is at an end, the veil is rent asunder, and the 
magnificent theatre of the New World begins to un- 
sold itself in all its grandeur. 

Mexico and South America have, from the con- 
quest, been divided in several grand sections, deno- 
minated by the Spaniards vice-royalties, or captain- 
generalships. The vic,e-royalties are, Mexico, New 
Granada, Rio de la Plata, and Peru: The capital, or 
seats of government are, Mexico, Santa Fe de 
Bogata, Buenos Ayres, and Lima. The captain-ge- 
neralships are, Guatimala, Venezuela, Chili, &c. 

VICE-HOYALTY OF MEXICO. 

The importance of this part of America, has been 
better known since the travels of the celebrated ba- 
ron de Humboldt were published in Paris. "I con- 
sider," says he, f ?as extremely probable, that the 
population of Mexico in 1808, exceeds 6,500,000." 
It is to be observed that Humboldt was deceived by 
the Spanish authorities, as the policy of their cabi, 
net constantly has been to conceal the importance 
of that extensive country. We know that the at- 
tempts of the famous count de Ravillagegedo failed 
during the administration of his paternal govern- 
ment, probably in compliance with orders from the 
king. Ravillagegedo was an American, and Mex- 
ico is indebted to his zeal and patriotism in many 
respects. Many of the most intelligent natives 
compute the population of the vice-royalty of Mex- 
ico at 9,000,000 of inhabitants, of which the city 
pf Mexico alone contains 200,000. 

The spirit of independence was, from the begin- 
ning of the revolution, counteracted by the violence 
of party animosities. The failure of Hidalgo is at- 
tributed to several causes; disaffection, want of 
system and order; yet his downfall was chiefly as- 
cribabla to Vegen as' perfidy. The patriotism and 
example of Hidalgo has inflamed the breasts of his 
countrymen, more especially the Mexican clergy, 
as he was himself a priest. The events of late years 
tiaye tended to enlighten &C indepctj^t govern- 



ment of Mexico on the subject of its future opera* 
tions, towards the establishment of a free and en- 
lightened system of polity. Ode- has thus suc- 
ceeded confusion and anarchy. A paternal govern- 
ment is established at Valladolid, composed of three 
branches. We have seen a part of the address of die 
Mexican congress to the people. It. is a masterly 
piece of eloquence, of sound principle;, of true love 
of country and liberty. The independent army of 
Mexico, may be estimated at 70,000 regular troops 
and militia, and they have the happiest prospects 
of complete success. Where is the republican that 
does not sigh for the emancipation of Mexico? Who 
that is fi-ee, will deny the blessing to his brother, 
or be indifferent of his struggles to win it of tyran- 
ny? Who is there in the United States, merchant of 
manufacturer, planter or artizan, that would not be 
benefitted by the liberation of this great empire 
from Spain, and in its exaltation to the rank of 
a sovereign and independent state? The advance- 
ment of republican principles, as well as of the 
commercial interests of our countrv, are alike en- 
gaged on the side of the patriots of Spanish Ame- 
rica, whose success would open a source of trade 
to us more important than any we have with the 
®ld world. In the present state of nations, policy, 
perhaps, may require the government of the Unit- 
ed^ States to be neutral on this great question, but 
it is impossible to divest the people of their wish- 
es for the prosperity of the patriots. 

VICE-ROYALTr OF 2TEW GUANADA. 

This great section of South America is mast o-u 
vantageously situated. Placed at the head of this 
extensive peninsula, possessing sea ports both on 
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, nature has render- 
ed New Granada one of the fine-it and richest 
countries in the new world. The communication 
on both «eas is strengthened by the strong holds of 
Guayaquil and Carthagena; both harbors capable 
of giving an asylum to all the navies of Europe. 
Carthagena is as well fortified as Cadiz. 

For the information of your readers, I give the 
following comparative statistical table of that coun- 
try, with the United States, at the commencement 
of their political existence: 
Comparative table of tin population, extent, commerce 

and coinage of the United States of America and 

the province of JYeto Granada, at the epoch of the 

declaration of their independence. 

TJMTTED STATES. 

Popidation. According to the data presented to 
congress by the members on the 22d of June 1775, 
the United States contained in the whole 

2,448,000 



STEW GKAXADA. 




Population. Guayaquil and Loxa, 


130,000 


Cicencaand Quixos 


240,000 


Quito 


500,000 


Popayan and Neyva 


365,000 


Choco and Antiochia 


150,000 


Tunjaand Cundinamarca 


390,000 


Socorro and Pamplona 


215,000 


Lanos and Mariquita 


1:30,000 


Carthagena and Santamarta 


280,000 


Riq Hacha, Panama and Veraguae 


100,000 




2,500,000 



TSTITED STATES. 

Exlent. The thirteen United States at the de- 
claration of independence, contained, according to 
Brissot, 207,050 square miles, equal to leagues of 
662a yards, ' 63,672 



70 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815, 



KEW GItAXAIU. 

Frtenf. Xev Granada from Guatamala to Mn- 
racaybo on the Atlantic, and from Veraguas to the 
valkw of Tumbcz' on the Pacific, and tlience to 
Maraoaybo, contains 67,200 leagues. 
tpixs sr.rrr.s. 

Co-n'-h-rcc. By the calculations of Brissot, Roch- 
foucault and Holmes, the imports of the colonies 
in 11 years, from 1763 until 1775, amounted to 
26.5S2/269 pounds sterling, and the exports to 
13,763,963, which amounts annually to 

Imports 2,4-16,569 * gl0,074-,306 

Exports 1,251,151 5,562,001 

SVW GIU.XADA. 

Commerce. Annually exports in specie and bul- 
lion at 7,000,000 

Cotto::, cocoa, hides, baric, platina, 
emeralds, live stock, provisions, 
woods and drugs 2,500,0000 



9,500,000 



In four years, from 1801 to 1801, there was coin, 
ed in New Granada — 

In Santa Fe in 1801 to 1804. 

Silver $28,272 

Gold 5,214,199 
In Popayan- 

Gold 3,85 1,858 



9,097,8?9 
2,299,249 Annually.* 

The scat of government of ISfew Granada is now 
held at the ancient palace of the Spanish vice- 
roys. The provinces are governed by the last 
acts of the congress; and by this regulation there 
is in each of the provinces a governor, a lieutenant 
governor, an assembly, and a tribunal of justice 
for appeal. All the public functionaries are cho- 
sen by the voice of the people, according to the elec- 
tion laws enacted by th-e provincial legislatures. — 
The federal government \\zs made a very success- 
ful attempt to organize the provincial governments 
on tli'e same basis. By these means, local preju- 
dices no longer exist, and ample and effective 
power has been given to the general government; 
■which, by the same law, is composed of three 
equal branches. The executive council consists 
of three members, who are chosen for three years, 
one of whom is annually elected. The legisla- 
ture is composed of two deputies from each pro- 
vince. The supreme tribunal consists of five judg- 
es, and two attornies general, one of whom offi- 
ciates in the civil, and the other in the criminal 
court. The seat of government is at Santa Fe de 
Bogata. 

CTo be continued. J 



Foreign Articles. 

The exultation of the British over the fallen 
Jfapplem Horn: parte, is disgraceful to the character 
of their country. The lion preys not on dead car- 
cases And his transportation to Si Helena is an 
Otrtrag'eou3 stretch of power without law, and ab- 
lioiv.-ht to every principle of greatness and mag- 
nanimity. History will speak or it as a violation of 
nil honorable feeling, and give to infamy Die go- 
vernments that directed the procedure. Mow dif- 
ferent the behavior of France to lungs of England 
expelled from their country! The barbarism of the 



The writer has a table, shewing that. from 1792, 
to 1796, the amount of the coinage of the Unit- 
ed States, was only about $1 63,51* jjer annum. 



transaction is strengthened by a knowledge of the 
fact, (which every act of the* allies in France de- 
monstrates).that he was the chosen ruler of the 
French people. Many people believe that the re- 
ports given out of his expectedresistar.ee to trans- 
portation, are intended to cloak his designed mur- 
der; which, indeed, is well supported by the 
f, ict that Cockbum is to have charge of him — a man 
capable of any thing, but an honest or honorable 
action. 

Caivwt retires to Switzerland. Foreign troops 
are yet pouring into France. It would appear that 
some of them may be necessary to protect Louis on 
the throne; which, certainly, is not interfering with 
the internal government of France!! The duke of 
Otranto, by license from the king, has married ma- 
demoiselle de Castelhme, "of one of the most an- 
cient families of Provence." 

The works of art brought to Paris as trophies of 
the victories of France, from Italy, Prussia, &c. &c. 
are to be carried back. Bonaparte has been great- 
ly abused for carrying off these articles — why was 
he mpre reprehensible for that, than the British 
for sacking Alexandria, or for taking negro slaves 
away?! 

A shock! The exchange at Vienna fell 12 per 
cent, on a report that Bonaparte has escaped from 
Havre! 

It is said that the emperor Alexander will at- 
tend the coronation of "his brother of Austria" as 
king of Lombardy — and the latter will, assuredly, 
return the compliment by seeing him crowned king 
of Poland. These monarchs have not one particle 
of that ambition they charged Bonaparte with — 
no, not one particle! They do not want to add 
kingdom to kingdom — no, no! ! 

The British are rapidly reducing their naval es- 
tablishment. 

Many arrests have been made inFrance for "sediti- 
ous cries." The king himself appears to be assail- 
ed with them very frequently — the people coming" 
under his very windows, that he may hear them. 
The audacity of the factious, says a Paris paper of 
Aug-. 6, increases daily. 30,000 Prussians are com- 
ing to Paris. The report tb c a body of Prussians 
had been cut off, seems destitute of any foundation, 
It is understood that 100,000 foreign troops are. 
to remain in France five years — to shew the love of 
the people for their king ! 

A Paris paper, of August 5, says, Marshal Brune 
and his troops have sent in their submission. 

The duke of Bassanp has obtained leave to reside 
in Switzerland. 

The pope has written to the king of Spain to in- 
vite him to re-establish the order of the Jesuits in 
his kingdom, as a measure necessary for the main- 
tenance of religion, the reformation of manners, 
and the progress of science. 

Many of the generals named in the decree of the 
king, of the 24th July, it is said have obtained 
pas.;ports to depart from the kingdom. 

The exportation of grain and other provisions 
from France is prohibited. 

French funds 60;*. 

It rs rumored that Murat has been arrested at 
Toulon, with all his treasure. 

The Diet of Switzerland have been obliged to 
take hostile steps against the canton Underwaid, in 
consequence of armaments preparing there by dis- 
affected persons. 

OCfif the following be a genuine paper, it exhi- 
bits a trait of character in Louis that cannot be too 
highly estimated — but we doubt its authenticity. 
The following note by the editor of the Democratic 
Frgs's, shews die manner in which it was received . 



MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOR KIGN ARTICLES. 



?J 



"Just as our paper was, yesterday, going to press, 
tve were favored with the very important note of 
princcT die r:uul, to the ministers of the allied pow- 
ers. The interesting' character of this note :.nd tlie 
doubts which are expressed of its authenticity in- 
duce us to give it another insertion, and accompany 
it with a statemerit'of :d! we know concerning' it. 

"The note, in French, was received by a respect 
able merchant of this city, inclosed in a letter from 
his correspondent at Etochelle, dated 19-th August, 
by the schr. Sally, from Nantz. The gentleman at 
Ttochelle received the note of prince Talleyrand 
from tlie prefect of his department, who told him 
that it had been sent in a circular form to all the 
prefects in Fiance. Ai the bottom of the enclosed 
note is a memorandum to this effect : — "A favora- 
ble apswer lias just l-een received from the allied 
powers." This memorandum" probably relates to 
the point of tune at which the letter is dated, Au- 
gust 19. 

"Other letters received in this city state, that 
there are 4000 Prussians in Nantz, and the inhabi- 
tants have sent all the young ladies out of the city. 

Translated for the Democratic Press. 

JVbie delivered by prince Talleyrand to the ministers of 

the edited powers. 

"The conduct of the allied armies will soon re- 
duce my people to the necessity of arming" against 
them, as has been done in Spain. Were I younger 
1 would put myself at their head, but if age and 
my infirmities prevent me from doing it, I will not 
at any rate co-operate in the calamities under which 
I groan, and if I cannot mitig-ate them, I am deter- 
mined to ask an asylum of the king of Spain. 

"Let those who, even after the capture of the 
man, against whom alone, they have declared war, 
.continue to treat my people as enemies, and conse- 
quently to consider me as such, attempt my liberty 
if they think proper — 'they are the masters — I prefer 
liying in a prison to remaining here a -passive spec- 
tator of the sufferings of my children." 

Homage of respect to Bonaparte. Tlie Plymouth 
correspondent of a London paper, speaking* of the 
peremptory and precipitate measures for removing 
Bonaparte, says: 



general Going, id, nine male and three (emails Ad* 
mesties, accompanied Bonaparte. Savary and Lal- 
lemand were left on board the Bellerophon. 

Torbay, August 7. S-uled the Myrmidon, to thfc 
westward, with such of Bonaparte's suite as are 
not to accormpany him. 

Degradation of France. On tlie 21st July, it was 
agreed by the allied and French ministers, that 
tlie allied forces should be stationed in certain de- 
partments in order to cause the king's authority to 
be respected, and to render the af^o'ixmonwi'meiil 
Df the forces less inconvenient to the Prer.Hi na- 
tion. Tlie allied commanders are to appoint itlHMr-y 
governors — but the prefects and sub-preflcts of 
Louis are to continue in authority.;. Tlie money re- 
quisitions on towns are to be discontinued. 

The movements of the allied corps, a - ; stated in- 
die Paris papers, shew this arrangement was in exe- 
cution. The British, troop;-; were advancing into 
ihs western departments. 

A Paris article of Augusts, says "the government 
is much the same to all substantial purposes, as if the 
king iv ere not amohg-iis" — of which there is no doubt. 

A Basle paper of July If, says — Yesterday nume- 
rous deserters escaped from Hunengen. The works 
of the siege go on rapidly; the cannon will sooiv 
be planted on them. 

The allied troops leave Mortt Belliard to advance. 
The French provinces feel now what it is to sup- 
port foreign armies at the cxpence of the country 

The department of the Upper Rhine is to pay 
within a month a contribution of four millions of 
francs. The merchants to pay beside 360,000 at 
the end of the week, and 4,003 for every day's de- 
lav. Muhlhausen 100,000 and Colmar 230,000 for 
requisitions not furnished, with 2,000 of every day's 
delay. 

Extract of a letter dated Paris, 10th August, 
1815: "We have been these two days past in the 
greatest consternation for the life of our sovereign; 
his majesty having' attempted to command the ma- 
nceuvret of the national guards, at the grand pa- 
rade on the Carousel, fatigued himself so much 
that he was seized by a violent attack of the gout, 
which proved nearly fatal; his majesty was confes- 
ed next day. Public prayers were ordered if&ine- 



"There certainly appears a considerable degree 
of haste in this business— not to say harshness. I diately— the churches were full day and night 
Many reasons are assigned for it,. The Plymouth God, in his mercy, has been pleased to rest. 
Dock paper says: 'On Sunday, we regret to say, a 
large portion of spectators, not only took of their hats 
but cheered him,- apparently with the view of sooth- 
ing his fallen fortunes, and treating him with re- 
spec ■ and consideration," &c. "His linen, sent 

ashore, to be washed, has been held in such high 
esteem, that many individuals have temporarily put 
on his shirts, waistcoats and neckcloths. Blind in- 



fatuation !" Our correspondent, who was alongside 
the Bellerophon on Sunday last, says, that the sym- 
pathy in his favor was astonishing; that .he heard 
no cheering*, but* that the hrts of the men and the 
liandkercniefs of the ladies, were waving* in every 
direction. Bonaparte himself has observed, that lie 
recog-nized in the behavior of the myriads in Ply- 
mouth Sound, the magnanimity of the British peo- 
ple; who, he said, were, in general, too noble to 
strike or insult an enemy at their mercy: It is too 
probable, however, that the respect and considera- 
tion in which he was held on board the Bellero- 
phon, and the altogether unexpected but generous 
treatment whicn he experienced in Plymouth 
Sound, has partly produced the precipitate sailing 
of the Bellerophon from that port. 

General Bertrand, his wife, and children, count 
a&d countess Konthaion an,ci child,} count Lascasses, 



health to our beloved sovereign, who is now in a 
fair way of recovery. In consequence of this acci- 
dent, an order has. just been issued to the garrison 
of Paris tor relieving- the national gaiards from this 
unnecessary show of military parades, which will 
be replaced by the attendance of the troops of the 
good allies; the national guards will only attend at 
a solemn mass every Sunday, so grace be rendered 
to our pious king* — before long, every vestig-eof the 
tyrant's instiiutions will disappear: the holy pl.ial 
having been destroyed at 11 eims cVaring* the r evo- 
lution, the ecclesiastical peers are daily sit tjng in 
conclave to consult upon the means of sitfcrs*£itut ng 
something fir the sacred phial, brought by a iShhb pi- 
geon from Heaven; we are waiting most auMousiy 
to know when and where our king will ii id his 
nome." 

From the Gazette de la Cour. Pahts, july 27.— 
We are really at a loss to account for the indirect 
insults daily offered to our august sovereign, by 
the Prussian troops; we are informed, upon good' 
authority, that a few days ago, one of the Spanish 
infantas, .charged: with a mission extraordinary from 
his Catholic majesty the king of Spain, presented 
himself at the gate of tiie ■ castle of the Thuille- 
ries, and was jnost insolently refused admittance, 



T :> NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER 

* +j 



SATURDAY, 



SEPTEMBER 30, 1815 



by the Prussian commanding officer of the guard; 
his royal highness was obliged to submit to the de- 
grading necessity' of repairing' to the quarters of 
the Prussian commander of the sicoth urroirfisse- 
ir.a:: m which our beloved king- resides, to solicit 
the rternrission of seeing his august relation; which 
wjus not granted to him bat with some difficulty. 
These tilings cannot be dwelt on with perfect ease, 
but — kuzza for the Bourbons! 

Peronne,Aug%(st 13. A requisition was made on 
the 22d Julv, of 800,000 francs, on the department 
of the Somme, for the service of the troops of the 
king of the Netherlands. This department having 
suffered considerably by the passage of 200,000 
me;;, found it impossible to comply with this requi- 
sition. The sub-prefect went immediately to Pa- 
ris, to see the hereditary prince of Orange, to ex- 
pose the situation of the department; and the prince 
generously dispensed with the requisition. 

Paris, Argus: 3. — We are assured that, accord- 
ing- to the measures ordered tjy the Pjuis'siIvs gene- 
rals, the French military who remain at Paris with- 
out authority, will be exposed to be considered as 
prisoners of war. 

j tl Zy 29 — News from Vienna add some facts to those 
widen > v e have already stated, respecting thcarch- 
duchess Maria Louisa and her aon. When the news 
or" die abdication of Bonaparte arrived at Sclioen- 
brunn, the persons attached to the court of the arch\ 
duchess, wished to express their joy, but every 



demonstration of that kind was strictl 



u-bidder 



bv the police. Besides, even before tae aeparture 
•f the emperor for the armies, and the subsequent 
events, thas princess had, it is said, given her fa- 
ther the assurance, that she would never, under any 
pretext, return to France. 

August 6. — The army of the Loire and Sachet's, 
are no Longer composed of any but officers. All 
the soidiei-s have deserted to go home. 

Workmen were employed in replacing- the names 
of the streets and public places of Paris, which 
they bore previous to the year 1792. 

August 10. — Letters from Amsterdam, state, that 
the stocks of the United States have advanced con- 
siderably. 

The king, by special decree, has recognized as 
pare of the national debt, the contracts and expen- 
ditures made by Bonaparte during his late usurpa- 
tion, as a matter of grace and not of obligation. 

August 12. — Marshal Ney has been arrested, and 
conducted to AuriKac. 

Marshal Brune, after having quitted Toulon, with 
passports from ML de Revierre, has been assailed 
by the people of Avignon. He alighted from his 
carriage, and took refuge in one of the hotels in the 
city. The prefect had advised him to prosecute his 
journey without delay; and having heard that his 
Hfe was in danger by the populace, he went to res- 
cue him at the peril of his life ; and at that moment, 
tiie marshal thinking that his door would be forced, 
shot him ,oif ! 

Anguet 14 — Order-; have been given that marcbal 
Key be transferred to Paris. It is ['resumed that lie 
v/iii arrive in four or five days, and that the process 
against him wiil commence immediately. 

Marshal ALcdonaid, duke of Tareute, took on 
the 1st instant, the command of tfye army of the 
Loire. It constituted an effective force of 45,000 

J7i':n. 

i craail/es, August 1. — We are assured that our 
prefect has been required by a military authority, 
vot Trench, to deliver up the registers of the votes 
hi the last instances, in favor of Napoleon Bonaparte 
•£0$} his constitutional act. It is udded, that it is 



mly intended to watch strictly the individuals who 
mve given these votes. [These amount to 
nen. See Vol. Yill. page .] 

London, August 7. — There was scarcely any hu-v 
jsiness transacted yesterday on the stock exchange^, 
and we are sorry to find, that the little that was 
done had the effect of depressing the consols one-, 
eighth per cent. The emigrations to Paris, the 
daily draughts from this country, the unfavorable 
state of exchange, the stagnation of trade, and the 
consequent mercantile embarrassments, all conspire 
to paralyse speculation, and to keep the funds below 
par, notwithstanding the temptation to purchase 
stock, which will at present prices, produce about 
five and a half per cent interest. 

Cardinal Fesch, in passing through Bxrg- (Ain) 
officiated there clerically. After divine service some 
persons conducted him to his residence, crying 
loudly "Vive 1'Empereur!" The Austrian general 
who commanded in the town, sent for the mayor, 
upbraided him with not having immediately repres- 
sed the cries of sedition, and imposed a fine of 
60,000 francs upon the city, to be paid in twenty- 
four hours by way of punishment. 
- It is said that generals Excelsmans and Flahau£ 
have established themselves at Effiat, in Auvergne^ 
in a castle capable to a certain degree of defence. 
They have with them about 800 men, who spread, 
terror through the neighborhood. General Lefebre 
Beshouettes'Jias adopted the same course on the. 
estate of M. de la Tremcuiile, near Cosna. He 
makes war as a partisan in a neighboring- country. 
The remaining part of the French army, which 
gained Auvergne, appears on the contrary eager to, 
submit. 

August 5. — The residence of the duke of Wel- 
lington is at length fixed in Cheshire. A purchase, 
of land is said to have been agreed upon, consisting 
of about 12,000 acres. The mansion is to be as 
splendid as 200,000 pounds can make it. 

August 8. — The army of the Loire lias made a 
movement which appears to be directed towards 
the mountains of Auvergne, whither it is preceded 
by a great part of its material and artillery. 

Marshal Suchet was at Kokrine on Saturday morn- 
ing. He had with him about 7 or 8 battalions and 
artillery proportioned to that number of troops 

The allied troops are making dispositions for a 
vigorous blockade of Laon and Soissons. 

A Russian military government has been orga- 
nized for Lorraine, and the departments of the 
Marne and the Seine and the Marne. 

General Lecourbe is shut up inBefort — Eesancon 
is yet biqekaded. 

August 9. Letters of the 6th, as well as Paris 
Journals of that date, prepare us to expect seme . 
violent convulsions in France. The apathy of the 
allies tended to corroborate rumors that the fo- 
reigners were desirous of seeing tiie country in 
commotion. The factions rail at tile king for bring- 
ing the allies into France— the royalists say tine 
factions cause their stay. The French cabinet 
meets daily. A treaty was formed; but the conduct 
of the factions cause the allies now to demand new 
securities. At first they required two fortresses— 
now tw9 provinces, Alsace and Lorraine. 



Government hav* 



xeived official information 



that Bonaparte has been removed to the Northum- 
berland, and is now on his way to his destination. 
He has not threatened to destroy himself; but has 
submitted with apparent fortitude. While shifting 
from one ship to another, he spoke to admiral Cock^ 
burn, with great good humor, 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-FOREIGN ARTICLES 



73 



Ba-lin, July 15. The loss of the Prussian troops 
in the battles of the 1st and 2d July, under tlie walls 
of Paris, amounted to between 2 and 3000 men in 
killed and wounded. 

Roman Catholics. A London paper of August 2, 
has .lie following- article: 

The Gazette of Rome contains the following ar- 
ticle: "A letter from M. Dklimotte, bishop of Ca- 
soria, announces, that the Catholic religion makes 
threat progress in the United States of America and 
\r\ the empire of China. In one year baptism was 
administered to 10,184 children and 1,677 adults; 
and 2,674 individuals were preparing themselves to 
receive it. The number of christians in Tonkin is 
60,000." 

Slate of Spam. 

A late letter from Gibraltar, says — "Spain is, in a 
most horrible state; the legitimate Ferdinand is 
completely influenced by the priests and there have 
been several Auto-defes latterly at Madrid. The 
Spainiards begin to speak freely on the acts of the 
government, and I think that there is a storm 
gathering, which may crush the king and his 
monks," 

London, August 2 — Prosecution of the Spanish pa- 
triots of Corunna. — Fresh intelligence received yes- 
terday from Spain furnishes additional accounts of 
xhe prosecutions of individuals by the Spanish gov- 
ernment. Calero, Q'Connoc^ and Pardo were all 
condemned to the gallies, but as they arc all absent 
from Spain, it may be found difficult to carry their 
sentences into execution. Calero was editor ot a 
newspaper at Corunna, and was charged with a 
libel against the government. G'Connock was a 
strong supporter of the constitution, and was 
formerly a captain in the Spanish navy. Pardo is 
jin eccentric friar of uncommon abilities; he was a 
great advocate for the constitution, and had long 
peen persecuted by the priesthood. 

Tarica is a merchant, and had written in favor 
of the constitution — he is sentenced to the galleys. 

Perabeles spoke in favor of the constitution. 

Mosquero is a gentleman of fprtune—rhe is lined 
400 ducats, and costs. 

Feroncla, formerly an intendant in New Spain; of 
great talent, is sentenced to six years confinement 
to his house, at Pampeluna, is prohibited from using 
his orders and titles, and is obliged to pay all costs. 
These gentlemen were charged, as censors of the 
Press, with having allowed the publication of 
newspapers in favor of the constitution. Of Messrs 
Samaniago, Suavez del Villar, Velonado Pesturia. 
and Rib era, the three first were acquitted, and the 
two last sentenced to four years banishment from 
Corunna. 

In the prosecutions against the municipality of 
Corunna, Bahamonde has been fined 400 ducats, and 
banished for four years from Corunna. 

Salas and Moila banished 4 years from Comma to 
pay costs. 

Messrs. Galceran, Romen,PoIa,Escurdio Gozaiez' 
Diez, all to pay 400 ducats, to lose office and to pay 
costs. Mosquera is fined 200 ducats, with costs 
and privation of office. Lopez 100 ducats and costs. 
Laragoriti costs. 

In the cases against the Merchants their fines will 
stand as, follows : — 



Perez 


1,200 


Abate 


1,000 


Fihupema 


800 


Muro 


1,000 


Villiegas 


1,000 


Fuertcs 


500 


Valdes 


300 


Sanchez 


500 


Garcia 


300 


Adalid 


1,000 


Gurrea 


2,000 






August^ — Private letters of a recent 


date from 



Liana 


S 7,000 


Yturundo 


$5 300 


Vega t 


6,000 


Pujana 


200 


Escurdia 


5,000 


Bianco 


200 


lloraen 


3,000 


Puig 


1,500 


Jie^uexa 


2,000 


DtUoft 


1,50.0 



Bilhoa state that the merchants anq proprietors 
had paid one third of the contribution imposed on 
that part of the country by the king of Spain, but 
were so much distressed to accomplish it, that they 
proposed to send deputies to Madrid, to solicit a 
release from the payment of the remainder as totally 
impracticable. The part of Spain is covered witty. 
bands of robbers, the remains of the Guerillas and 
other troops employed in the late war. 

At Cadiz it was understood that another expe- 
dition was ordered against the Revolutionists in 
Spanish America, in which 25,000 troops were to be 
employed; and that several ships of the line which 
were at Port Mahon, were to convoy the expedition. 
The Algerines had required a large sum of money 
of Spain, threatening hostilities if it was not soon 
paid. Qjr" A part of 'the money was collecting a* 
Cadiz. 

(jjWe ex.ult in the hope that the great colonics 
on the American continent are lost to Spain. If the 
patriots acts upon liberal principles, all the power of 
the "mother country" will waste itself only to 
establish their independence. We have the following 
account of certain resolutions lately entered into 
by the congress of the "united provinces of Rio 
del Plata." 

1. Declaring all blacks free as soon as they land, 
in the provinces, 

2. Declaring all Indians free', and exempting 
them from tribute, 

3. Abolishing the Inquisition. 

4. Abolishing torture. 

5. Abolishing titles of nobility. 

6. Declaring that preferments shall be only 
according to merit. 

7. Allowing the exportation of gold and silver. 

8. Establishing a registry of merchants. None 
but those registered can be consignees. A consignee 
shall not charge less than four per cent, on sales and 
two on purchases, on penalty of being struck 
from the registry. 

9. Allowing foreigners to search for ores and 
mines— to claim such as they may discover — tp buy 
or lease mines, mills, &,c. the same as native citi- 
zens — to enjoy their own religion, Quicksilver is 
declared free. 

The bishop of Saltas- has been imprisoned tor 
using his clerical influence against the revolutionists. 
The division of France into ndlitary governments by 
the allies. 

Paris, julx 26. 
OFFICIAL NOTE. 

The ministers have t*ken into mature considera- 
tion the overtures which the ministers of the king 
have transmitted to them, by his excellency baron 
Louis, with a view to regulate the conduct of the 
administration in the countries occupied by the al- 
lied armies. They are too deeply sensible of the 
necessity of adopting the most urgent and the 
most efficacious measures on this subject', not to 
enter heartily into the views which have dictated 
those propositions. They are, therefore, of opinion, 
that the following arrangements which have been 
determined upon, will be best calculated to recon- 
cile the wishes of the king', with the situation in 
which the allied armies will be placed during their 
stay in France: 

I„ To prevent UiQifiQjeaicuts resulting from the 



74 NILES* WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER SO, 1815. 



tttifceKamty in whidithe allied armies still are res- j 

hig their c&ntOnmentSj a line of demarcation 
shall determine the departments which shall he 
ted by them, and he especially assigned for 
their subsist mce. 

2. T'^ese departments shall he divided among- 
the different armies in such a manner, that each of 
them shall have a district, and consequently that 
in each department there shall he no troops but 
what belong to one and the same army. 

:h TTOrekhele'ss, in the d liferent districts, and its 
general in all the departments occupied by the al- 
lies, one uniform system shall be pursued in all 
it alters which concern the administration and re- 
late to the wants of the armies. 

4. The authorities of the kins; shall be immedi- 
ately restored in the departments, and the prefects 
and'sub-prefects reinstated in the exercise of their 
functions. 

5. In order to protect these authorities, and to 
provide with certainly that, on the one hand, what- 
ever relates to the service and the wants of the al- 
lied armies, shall he punctually executed, and that, 
on the ether, those armies observe the strictest or- 
der, military governors shall he appointed for the 
departments forming' the district of each army; but 
it shall be only in regard to the service and secu- 
rity of these armies," that the prefects and other 
public functionaries, shall receive the directions 
of the militavv governors of the allied powers. 

6. These objects shall be still more particularly 
dete .-mined;- but the maintainance of the different 
armies shall take place on principles which shall be 
uniformly adopted. 

7. An "administrative commission has been estab- 
lished at Paris, and shall, as soon as possible, com- 
municate with the commission appointed by the 
king-. 

8. Orders have been given that the contributions 
in money which have been imposed upon several 
towns and departments shall Hot be further enforc- 
ed, and that in future no contribution of this kind 
shall be demanded by the single orders of the In- 
tendants of the different armies. 

As these arrangements go so far as the allies are 
permitted for the moment, by a due concern for 
their own armies, and their military situation, the 
undersigned flatter themselves, that the king's min- 
isters will perceive in them, the sincere desire 
which they feel to contribute to the re-establish- 
ment of the royal authority, and to the alleviation 
of the charges "of the war, as far as circumstances 
allow them the possibility. 

They have the honor to assure prince Talleyrand 
of their high, consideration. 

(Signed) METTERNICH, 

CASTLEREAGH. 
NESSELIiOHE, 
HARDENBERG. 
To his serene highness prince Talleyrand, &p. 
CIRCULAR- 

War Office, Jtdy 31, 1815. 
Hm— The prince regent having taken into his 
most gracious consideration the distinguished gal- 
lantry manifested upon all occasions by the officers 
of the British army, and having more particularly 
adverted to the conspicuous valor displayed by 
them in the late glorious victory gained near Wa- 
terloo, by the army under the field marshal the 
duke of Wellington; and his royal highness bein- 
i iroua of testifying the strong sense entertained 
by him of their devotion to his majesty's service, 
have the honor to acquaint you, that his royal 
! as been pleased to order: 



First,— That the regulation under which pen- 
sions are granted to wounded officers shall be re- 
vised, and that the pensions which have been, or rnay 
be granted to officers, for the actual loss of eye or 
limb, or for wounds certified to be equally injuriotas 
with the loss of limb, shall not be confined to \'.e 
amount attached by the scale to the rank win>h 
the officer held at the time when he was wounded, 
but shall progressively increase, according to the 
rank to which such officer may, from time to time, 
be promoted; the augmentation with regard to the 
pensions of such officers, now upon the list, being 
to take date from the 18th of June, 1815, inclusive 

Secondly, — Tnat every subaltern officer of infan- 
try of the line, who served in the battle of Water* 
loo, or in any of the actions which immediately 
preceded it, shall be allowed to count two years 
service in virtue of that victory, in reckoning his 
service-for increase of pay given to lieutenants of se- 
ven years standing; and every such subaltern will 
therefore be entitled to the additional shilling a 
day, whenever he shall have served live years as a 
lieutenant. 

And, Thirdly. That this regulation shall be ex- 
tended to every subaltern of cavalry, and to every; 
ensign of the foot guard, who served in the above 
mentioned actions; and every subaltern and ensign 
will therefore be entitled to an additional shilling 
a day, after five years service as a lieutenant in the 
cavalry, or as an ensign in the guards. 

His royal highness being also desirous of mark- 
ing his sense of the distinguished bravery display- 
ed by the non-commissioned officers and soldiers 
of the British forces in the victory of Waterloo, 
has been most graciously pleased to order, that 
henceforward every non-commisioned officer, trum- 
peter, drummer, and private man, who served 
in the battle of Waterloo, or in any of the actions 
which immediately preceded it, shall be borne on 
the muster rolls and pay lists of their respective 
corps as "Waterloo men;" and that every "Wa- 
terloo man," shall be allowed to count two years* 
service in virtue of that victory, in reckoning his 
services for increase of pay, or for pension when 
discharged. 

It is, however, to be distinctly understood, tha* 
this indulgence is not intended in any other man- 
ner to affect the conditions of their original enlist- 
ment, or to give them any right to their discharge 
before the expiration of the period for which they 
have engaged to serve. 

The duke of Wellington has been requested to 
transmit returns of the subaltern officers to whom 
these orders may be considered by his grace to ap T 
ply; togeth er with accurate muster rolls containing 
the names of ail the '^Waterloo men" in each corps; 
such muster rolls being to be preserved in this 
office as a record honorable to the individuals them- 
selves, and as documents by which they will at 
any future time, be enabled to establish their claims 
to the benefits of tliis regulation. 

I have great pleasure in communicating these 
instances of the prince regent's gracious considera- 
tion for the army; and I request that } T ou will be 
pleased to take the earliest opportunity of announc- 
ing the same to the officers and men of the coips 
under your command. 

I have the honor to be, sir, youi* most obedient 
humble servant. 

(Signed) PALMERSTON 
Officer commanding *- .. - ■■.. regi- 
ment of . 



NILES' WEEKLY RE GIST Ell -CITRON I CLE. 



To 



CHRONICLE. I 

Erie, f Pa -J Ss P*- 13.—M jor-gcneral Brown, and | 
suite, 1 md at this pLcc, fro .a the brig Niagara, on 
Thursd.-.y 'last, and embarked again Hie next even- 
ing. The general is on his way to the eastward; 
be left Detroit on the 2d instant. 

The schr. Diligence, captain Barney, arrived here 
on Saturday last, in five days from M;.ckinaw and 
three days* from Detroit.- Captain 13. states that 
general Harrison, general M< Arthur and major Gra- 
ham, the commissioners appointed to treat with the 
Indians, had been holding a council with them for 
some time. There is no doubt but a treaty would 
be concluded, as the Indians manifested a strong de- 
sire to be at peace with the Americans. 

To the editor of the Pittsburg Mercury. — Detroit, 
Sept. 2— On the 28th the commissioners met agree- 
ably to adjournment, but the nations expected not 
having arrived, the council adjourned to the 31st. 
On that day, commissioners met agreeably to ad- 
journment. There were presents — the Wyandotts, 
ChippeWas, Ottowas, Pottawatimies, Shawanees, 
Delawares, Miamies and Senecas, as also the Sha- 
ivanee Prophet, and several other chiefs and warri- 
ors of the Sacks and Winebagocs, just from Mai- 
den. 

The tomahawk was this day buried between the 
United States and the above nations, chiefs and 
warriors, with considerable ceremony, and appa- 
rent sincerity, and there is every reason to believe 
that the object of the treaty will be shortly accom- 
plished. 

Nothing material transpired between the 31st of 
August and the 2d of September. Council adjourn- 
ed to meet on the 4th instant. 

Late from Detroit. Buffalo, September 12. — We 
announce to the public the safe arrival of major- 
general Brown and suite, on Saturday morning last, 
in' the 'brig Niagara, in 8 days from Detroit. A na- 
tional salute was fired from the Niagara, on landing- 
of the general. 

By this arrival, we learn, that the affairs of the 
West assume a very pacine aspect. The north- 
western Indians, among' whom appeared the cele- 
brated prophet, brother of Tecumseh, have assem- 
bled at Detroit, and have met our commissioners, 
generals Harrison and M' Arthur, and Mr. Graham, 
with a sincere desire of planting the tomahawk; and 
we have every reason to believe, that ere this., an 
advantageous treaty of peace has been signed. — 
We hail this event, in connection with a commer- 
cial arrangement with Great Britain, as a happy 
omen for the future growth and prosperity of the 
western country. At peace with the natives, the 
hardy sons of the east will prostrate the towering 
forests, and make the wilderness of the west 'blos- 
som as the rose/ 

The pacification with the irtdians, will be very 
advantageous to our western merchants and traders, 
as the furs and peltries of the extensive country 
above Detroit, will be principally brought m and 
bartered at that market; which will certainly en- 
hance their business, in being* enabled to make a 
handsome profit on the return cargoes. 

Detroit is now garrisoned by 12 or 1300 men, 
Tinder the command of general Miller. General 
Macomb is shortly expected at Detroit, when he 
will assume command. 

Mackinaw is represented as one of the strongest 
places in the western country; and is now garri- 
soned by 400 troops, under colonel Chambers., 
i The troops are represented to be in a fine state 
Of l^ealtli and discipline. 



On the 7th, 280 troops of the new 2d, cmbarfcefc 
at Erie for Detroit. During the embarkation, 6 sol- 
diers were drowned. 

Ifashington, Sept. 28. — Jomv Guaua^, Esq. one* 
of the commissioners appointed to t'-cat with tire' 
Northern Indian's, arrived in this city on Tuesilav, 
with a treaty signed at Spring Yf ells, on the 8th 
i'-ist. by the commissioners and the chiefs of A\ lb; 
tribes with which thev were authorized to trea'.. 
The treaty is entirely satisfactory, we learn, and 
stipulates for the faithful performance of all pre- 
vious treaties. 

Charleston, (~S. C.J Sept. 18— -Prices current — U. 
S. 6 per cent, par— treasury notes, par. Exchange 
on London, par. Dollars, 7 per cent. prem. Phila- 
delphia and Baltimore notes, 2 per cent, (lis. 

Boston, Sept. 20.— U. S. 6 per cent. 86 per cfrit! 
Treasury notes, 11 per cent. dis. New-York lialife 
notes, 1T| do. Philaelelphia do. 16 do. Baltimore 
do. 17 a 18 do. Bills on London, \h per cent. Ss. 

London, August 11. Lorel Buigherst has been ap- 
pointed minister to the United States and was to 
sail for New- York in the fug-ate Macedonian [proba- 
bly Lacedemonian.] 

The Spanish dollar is now five shillings and five 
pence. 

Baltimore. As notified, the military and citizens 
of Baltimore, a great multitude, assembled on the 
12th inst. to lay the corner stone of a monument 
sacred to the memory of the brave men who fell in, 
defence of this city on the 12th and 13th of Sep- 
tember last. We have neglected before to notice 
the proceeding, because we expected an account 
of it from the committee which superintcnded.it. 
As that has not appeared, we may just say that it 
was tlone with great pomp antl solemnity. 

Pluttsburg. The anniversary of the glorious tri- 
umphs of the navy and army at this place, have been 
celebrated there with great merriment and glee.— 
A notice of the proceedings hereafter. 

Algiers. The treaty made by com. Decatur with 
Algiers, has been announced in France, it was said 
officiad}-. The terms of it were said to be, that on 
our part we give up the ships of war captured, with 
all prisoners; and that Algiers relinquishes all 
claim for tribute, g'ives up all captured American 
vessels and prisoners, and engages to indemnify us 
for trie expense of the expedition against her. 
Extract- of a letter from Gibraltar, dated the 1st Au- 
gust, received in J\ r e?v Fork, by the Flying' Fish, via 

Norfolk: 

"Our saucy squadron is before Tripoli, demand- 
ing satisfaction for some aggression committed on 
some of our people there; and unless atonement is 
made, Decatur is determined to punish her. The 
Algerines are peaceable since the thrashing they 
got fiom Decatur." 

Professor Zimmerman, the author of the work on 
Solitude, elied lately at Brunswick, (Germany^ L. 
the 73 el year of his age. 

Great sale of public lands. According to an offr- 
cial advertisement in the western papers, (observes 
the National Intelligencer) it appears that all the 
public lands, (to which the Indian title is extin- 
guished) in that part of the Mississippi territory 
which lies west of Pearl River, are to be exposed 
to public sale at Washington, in the Mississippi 
Territory, on the second Tuesday in next month. 
This sale, which probably will continue many days, 
affords an opportunity not to be neglected by those 
who are elesirous to hold lands in that country .> 

Of the navy. It is a ciuious remark that of the 
nineteen vessel^ that went to Algiers, to settle the 



^g KILE5' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815, 



affair of tribute with the dcy, only h»o were built, 
or belonged to the United States before the war. ^ 

Connecticut electim. The strength of parties in 
this state, as represented in assembly, is somewhat 
Changed, but still there is a large federal majority, 
N ew London county sends 13 repubiicmsand 7 fe- 
deralists, and 1 neuter member. Stonmgton, "fa- 
mous in story," elected republicans by 100 oi a 
majority. 

jfcrmoni election. Every branch of the govern- 
ment is republican— the majority in the house of re- 
presentatives is 14 to 20. The nett republican gam 
is from 14 to 1500 votes. 

Maryland election. The election in this state 
takes place on Monday next. Both parties are 
sanguine. 

Joseph MMbm is elected governor of the state 
of Tennessee, in the room of Willie Blount, whos 
constitutional period of eli^ibilty had expired 

A dreadful gale has been felt at Boston and its 
vicinity, doing" great damage on the land and water. 
Trees "eight or ten feet in girth were cast down, 
manv houses seriously injured, and many vessels 
sunk at the wharves or otherwise seriously da- 
maged. _ 

Libraru of the United States.—^ card— Congress 
having supplied the loss occasioned by the rude and 
conflagrating hand of our late enemy, by the pur- 
chase of a library, perhaps equal upvalue as tar 
as it extends, to anv in Europe ; and intending, as 
thev no doubt do, to make it the great national re- 
pository of literature and science, and in some in- 
stances of the arts also, it is destfable, that Ame- 
-ic-m authors, engravers and painters who are soli- 
citous to preserve their respective productions as 
mementos of the taste of the times, would transmit 
to the library a copy of such Work as they may de- 
rail for the public eve— this will serve not qmy as 
a literal? history of this now interesting country, 
but will also tend to exhibit the progress and im- 
provement of the arts. The Ubrai i..n 
power and means extend, w 

such productions, literary o? graphic, as may be 
fbrwaidedtohim, shall be properly preserved and 
advantageously exhibited. 

Librarian of Voiigrei*. 

MEXICAN NEWS. 

Natchez, Aurust 16. By a letter received in this 
city from a'gentleman at Natchitoches, certain in- 
telligence is obtained of the successful operations 
of the Mexican patriots, throughout the whole of 
the provinces of that extensive country. It is too 
long to give at large— the following is extracted 
therefrom: 

«\ republican officer lately arrived here through 
the internal provinces; he lef Mont el Rey the 29th 
of .lune U#% but had been a considerable tune from 
ihe seat of congress. The republicans arc a gam 
ill possession of Guananuato, since the 3d April, 
With almost all the country north of Mexico, as far 
as Sattillo, Durango, and San Louis Potosi; all the 
coast on the Pacific ocean and adjacent country. 

"They have established a regular form of go- 
vernment, and have large funds; nearly all -the 
riches of this immensely rich country are m their 
possession, and are progressing fast towards effect* 
i.i'S their entire independence. ^ 

"Arredondo was still in possession of Mont ei 
'{{• v, but the country near that was much harrassed 
b, Pachoii; •':... had lately intercepted and taken a 
v'tich the marquis Ague- 



as fer as Ids 
w ill t-cke due care thai 



vinces to Mexico, for the support of that city, uni 
der an escort of 700 of Arredondo's best troops, 
who were all taken or killed. 

At Mont el Rey tliere were about 700 troops (of 
the Royalists) nearly naked, and at San Antonio the 
same number, impatient of some change fiom their 
misery. This is the whole force of the four eastern 
provinces, (Arredondo's command); that of the wes- 
tern does not -exceed 2,000 scattered from Santa 
Fee to the Durango, where the commandant, gene- 
ral Bonavia, has his headquarters. Salcedo is in 
Mexico. 

"This constitutes the whole force north of Mexi* 
co, that the (royal) government party can muster, 
exclusive of the inhabitants, few of whom they can 
furnish with arms. 

"An official packet had been intercepted by Pa- 
ction, from Arredondo to the viceroy, stating that 
without a reinforcement of troops, of money and 
arms, he would be compelled to abandon his posi- 
tion— -he had begun forming of two companies, but 
could not equip them. The republicans have two 
divisions of troops near the city of Mexico, in or- 
der to intercept communications with the country 
and cut off their resources. Tiie desertions from 
that city have been very considerable." 

Natchez Intelligencer. 

Quakers. We find from three registers of the so- 
ciety of Friends, that as a consequence of their ex- 
emplary temperance and steady conduct, half of 
their children live to 7 years of age; whereas doc- 
tor Price tells us, that of the general population of 
London, half the born live only 2£ years, and also, 
that among the Friends, 1 in 10 arrive at 30 years 
of age 4 but of the general population of London, 
only 1 in 40. Never did a more powerful argument 
support the practice of virtue. — Belfast Chronicle. 

Died at Rippingale, Eng. aged 16, Ann Hardy $ 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah Hardy, of that place. 
This young woman had attained the extraordinary 
h eight of seven feet tivo inches ! and had attracted 
much attention at Lincolnshire, haying for a consi- 
derable time, been publicly exhibited at fairs, &c. 
as a phenomenon. Her parents are persons of only 
middling stature. 

Steam ships! A project is on foot, at New York, 
to build a vessel of 350 tons, to be propelled by 
steam, to serve as a packet between that city and 
Charleston, S. C. in which it is estimated the pas- 
sage will be made in four days! Those whose opin- 
ions are entitled to the. fullest confidence, decided- 
ly believe that the voyage may be made with at 
least as much safety as in any other vessel. 

'.* Legitimates!" — —The National Advocate says, 
there is now confined in the state prison of NewYork, 
"a grand daughter of George III.; a niece of the 
prince regent, a daughter of his brother Edward, 
duke of Kent," who, it appears, "has all the vir- 
tues of her ancestry." 

Carlisle, August 30. The regiment of riflemen 
who had been at the garrison at this place for some 
time, marched from it on Monday hist, under the 
command of colonel W. S. Hamilton, we understand 
for Prairie de Chien. To the number of men we 
have seldom witnessed better looking as to health 
and dress, and in every respect martial. 

London, August 6. — llritish pnee of stocks. Red. 
Ann. 56^. Consols, do.; Omnium 7%. 
'■"■ The price of grain has considesably fallen in 
England. 

he West-Indies appear to be overstocked with 



bort\ with 20D, f >00 sheep .. 

. driving from his etock in the internal pro- all kmds of American produce 



S8LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— STEAM ENGINES. 



n 



fne emigrations to the west from the east conti- 
nue astonishingly numerous. The next census will 
present us with some extraordinary facts. 

"Land- water" spout. — London, July 18.— A great 
misfortune befel the town of Langenseibza on the 
10th ult. A land- water-spout falling about nine P. 
M. after several tempests, caused such an inun- 
dation in the town and suburbs, that the water 
pose to the height of several ells. Many houses 
fell in, and buried the families who inhabited them 
under their ruins.-*The cattle were carried away 
out of their houses and drowned. About 300 
houses are so damaged, that they are in danger of 
falling, and 1000 acres of land are covered with 
mud to a great depth. A similar misfortune hap- 
pened near Prague on the 13th. 

Indian Prophet. 

OnWdaga, August 23. — Died, at Onondaga Cas- 
tle, one of the chiefs' of the Alleg-anies, well known 
through this country as the Indian Prophet. 

Those who have been acquainted with the influ- 
ence which this man's preaching- has had upon the 
conduct of the six nations, (the Oncidas excepted) 
<2annot but look upon his death as a severe dispen- 
sation of Divine Providence. We think that a short 
biographical sketch of this extraordinary man can- 
not be unacceptable to the public. 

During- the first fifty years of his life he was re- 
markable only for his stupidity and beastly drunk- 
enness. — About thirteen years ago, while lighting 
his pipe, he suddenly fell back upon his bunk, up- 
en which he was then sitting, and continued in a 
state of insensibility for six or eight hours; his 
family supposed him dead, had made preparations 
for laying- him out, and while in the act of remov- 
ing* him from his bunk, he revived. His first words 
were "don't be alarmed, I have seen heaven; call 
the nation together that I may tell them what I 
have seen and heard." The nation having- assem- 
bled at his house he informed them that he had 
seen four beautiful young men who had been sent 
from heaven by the Great Spirit, and who thus ad- 
dressed him: — "The Great Spirit is angry with you, 
and all the red men, and unless you refrain from 
drunkenness, lying, stealing, &c. you shall never 
enter that beatiful place which we will now show 
, you." He stated that he was then conducted by 
these young men to the gate of heaven, which was 
opened, but he was not allowed to enter; that it was 
more beautiful than any thing they could conceive of 
•r he describe; and that the inhabitants appeared 
to be perfectly happy; that he was suffered to re- 
main there three or four hours and was then re- 
conducted by the same young men, who, on taking 
their leave, promised they would visit him early, 
and commanded him to inform all other Indians 
what he had seen and heard. He immediately vi- 
sited the different tribes of Indians in the western 
part of the states, the Oneidas excepted. They all 
put the most implicit faith in what he told them, 
and revered him as a prophet. — The consquence 
has been, that from a filthy, lazy, drunken set of 
beings, they have' become a cleanly, industrious, 
sober and happy people- The prophet has conti- 
nued, as he says, to receive regular annual visits 
from these heavenly messengers, immediately after 
which^ he, in his turn, visited the different tribes. 
vKe was on one of these annual visits at the time of 
his decease. 

It will be proper to observe, that he was called 
the peace prophet, in contra-distinction to the bro- 



Kentucky Mummy. 

A New- York paper says — There is now in this city a 
remarkable human mummy; it is thus described in 
a letter from the Honorable Samuel L. Mitchell, 
to the Secretary of the American Antiquarian; 
Society. 

" It is a human body found in one of the lime 
stone caverns of Kentucky. — It is a perfect exsic- 
cation; all the fluids are dried up. The skin, bones 
and other firm parts are in a state of entire preservat- 
ion. In exploring a calcarous chamber in th« 
neighborhood of Glasgow, it was found enwrapped 
carefully in skins and cloths. The outer envelope 
of tli e body is a deer skin; the next covering is a 
deer skin whose hair had been cut away by a sharp 
instrument; the next wrapper is of cloth, made of 
twine, doubled and twisted, but the thread does 
not appear to have been formed by the wheel, nor 
the web by the loom. The warp and filling seem, 
to have been crossed and knotted by an operation 
like that of the fabries of the North West Coast* 
and of tiie Sandwich Islands. The innermost 
tegument is a mantle, of cloth like the preceding-, 
but furnished with large brown feathers, arranged 
and fastened with gTeat art, so as to be capable of 
guarding the living- wearer from wet and cold. 
The plumage is distinct and entire. The body is 
in a squatting posture, with the right arm reaching 
forward and its hand encircling- the right leg. The 
left arm hangs down with its hand inclined partly 
under the seat. The individual, who was a male, 
did not probably exceed the age of fourteen at Ids 
death. There is a deep and extensive fracture of 
the scull near the occupita which probably killed 
him. The skin has sustained little injury; it is of a 



dusky color, but the natural hue cannot be decided 
with exactness from its present appearance. The 
scalp, with small exceptions, is covered with sorrel 
or fox hair. The teeth are white and sound. The 
hands and feet in their shrivelled state are slendes 
and delicate." 



ther of Tecomsek who was, ctdied the 



r px'ophet. 



The Steam Engine. 

From the Louisville fLZy.J Courier. There ape 
a few facts, which ought to be made known, wi'tli 
regard to steam engines, by every one who may 
have any inclination to employ thi3 noble piece 
of machinery. This knowledge is necessary to 
enable him to make a safe contract with an engi- 
neer, and to avoid imposition: it will also enable 
those who have eng-ines, to judge of thier me-* 

rit. A good engineer will never hesitate to bind 

himself to make his engine perform at least a inode- v 
rate proportion of work in proportion to the fuel 
expended, if he receives a g-ood price. An eng in©, 
is only good or bad, in proportion to the work dons- 
by a given portion of fuel. 

Engines were first substituted instead of horses, 
for raising water, driving machinery, 8cc. Hence'it 
became common to say, that an engine is equal t» 
10, 20 or 40 horses, according- to the work it was 
able to perform. James Watt, the first and most 
celebrated improver of the steam engine, being an 
honest and upright man, as well as one of the most, 
profound philosophers and mathematicians of the 
age, set the power of a horse at 32,000 lbs. raised 
one foot high in a minute. This is a power that 
few horses are able to produce 8 hours in the day, 
but is the horse power meant as a measure of pow- 
er in calculating the power of an engine. 

Tills horse power is sufficient to grind and bok 
a bushel of wheat pe*- hour. It v/ili drive, 100 coi-- 



^ g FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815. 



ion spindles with the cards and other preparation 
machine; 1 w 

Fpgr horse ppwer will drive a pair of mill stones 
four feftt diameter, with sufficient force. 'It will 
drive b saw-mill with one saw, with sufficient force. 

From the foregoing statement, a horse power, as 
a measure oi' power among engineers, will be cor- 
i-ectlv understood. 

Five and a half pounds of good pit coal will pro- 
tiuce an horse ppWerJn a good engine one hour; of 
course, S2-A, or a bushel, will produce a horse pow- 
er fifteen hours. [Spfi Emporium of Arts, vol. II. p- 
S2, note. ) 

1089 lbs. of dry oak, it is said, gives out as much 
heat as 600 lbs. of coal; a cord of dry oak will 
weigh from twenty-five to thirty-hundred wt. hence 
-r-.v be estimated equal to 20 bushels of coals — 
dry wood is much better than green; oak is far 
from being among the best sort of wood. Captain 
Gregg, of the steam boat Enterprise, told me that 
a cord of wood was about equal to 20 bushels of 
coal— cant. Ogden, of the Vesuvius, told me about 
the same. Tnis statement is also confirmed from 
other sources of .information.- 

A cord of good wood ought to grind and bolt 300 
bushels of wheal, or saw 5000 feet of plank, or roil 
3Jid slit 10,000 lbs. of iron. 

Heat will not enter a hot body with the same ra- 
pidity that it wilj a colder one; it also escapes as 
rapidly through all bodies from under pressure, as 
water" or air does through porous ones; hence, to 
work steam to a high temperature, causes a great 
waste of fuel. 

The nearer an engine is enveloped in flame, the 
more powerful it will be, in proportion to the fuel 
expended, as there is a rapid escape of heat, from 
f very part the fire is net applied to. 

T. W. RUBLE. 

Neglected Documents. 

CAPTURED SLAVES. 

Mr. Mackenrot-s memoirs of the Cochrane^, in- 
serted in our late numbers, are calculated to 
throw much light on whatever belongs to the 
kidnapping of negroes.] 

ir.ssAGJ-: rnoM tiiu president to the senate of the 

UNITED STATES. 

I transmit to the senate a report from the acting 
secretary of state, complying with their resolution 
of the 2-ith of October last. 

JAMES MADISON. 

February 28th, 1815. 

REPORT. 

The undersigned, acting as secretary of state, to 
a horn was referred the resolution of ihc senate of 
the 24th October last, requesting the president of 
the United States to lay before the senate (provid- 
ed he shall not consider the same improper to be 
-ideated,) tiie proof of any traffic carried, on 
jn the West Indies, by the sffte of negroes taken 
... the lis iter! States, by the British forces since 
tii ; present war, has the honor to state, that such 
proof was transmitted to the executive by the hon. 
St. George Tucker, in the form of an affidavit of 
capuir. Williams, from which it appeared that he 
had been a prisoner in the Bahama islands, and 
that, '■!. iist there, he had been present at the sale 
, lejaoes taken from the vicinity of Norfolk and 
iton. This affidavit, voluntarily given, and 



was made to judge Tuckor, and subsequently to 
in. jor Griffin, for the original affidavit, or for an aue 
thc'.iticated copy; as neither have yet been receiv- 
ed, and as it is deemed improper longer to delay 
this report, the undersigned -begs leave to refer to 
the accompanying papers, marked 1, 2, 3 and 4, 
from which the material, facts stated in the affida- 
vit may be collected, and the circumstances which 
have prevented its transmission to this department 
explained. This subject will be further investiga- 
ted with a view to place it, in all its circumstances/ 
in the mest satisfactory light. 

All which is respectfully submitted, 

JAMES MONROE. 

Department of state, Feb. 28th, 1815. 

^o. I. 

Richmond, November 24.-th, 1814. 
Sir — I do myself the honor to enclose you a let-' 
ter from my friend, Mr. Cabell, and one from Mr; 
John Tabb Smith, the magistrate before whom the 
affidavit was made, a copy of which 1 transmitted 
the president. Mr. Cabell has written to major 
Griffin, to endeavor to procure the original, and if 
he should fortunately obtain it, 1 will lose no time 
in forwarding it to you. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir, your 
most obedient servant, 

ST. G. TUCKER. 
John Graham, Esq. department of state, Washington. 

No. II. 

Copy of a letter from Joseph C. Cabell, Esq. to the 

hon. St. George Tucker, dated 

Richmond, November 22, 1814. 
My dear sir — I have received your favor of the 
14th inst. embracing an extract from the letter re> 
cently written to you by Mr. Graham, of the de- 
partment of state, on the subject of the resolution, 
of the senate of the United States, of the 24th ult. 
I distinctly recollect all the material circumstan- 
ces in regard to the copy o,f the affidavit, which you 
forwarded to the president. About the period that 
major Thomas Griffin, of York, Avent on board the 
British squadron, inLynnhaven bay, for the purpose 
of endeavoring to recover his negroes, who had 
gone off to the enemy, I happened to be in Wil- 
liamsburg. The destination .of the slaves that 
had been taken or received by the British, was 
then a subject of curiosity and concern throughout 
the lower country. I understood that a se (faring 
man of the name of Williams, who had been a 
prisoner with the enemy, and had recently arrived 
at Hampton, had gone in company with major Tho- 
mas Griffin, of York, before John Tabb Smith, a 
respectable magistrate, of the county of Elizabeth. 
city, and had made oath, that while a prisoner in 
one of the Bahama islands, he had been present at 
the sale of the negroes that had been carried off 
from the vicinity of Hampton and Norfolk; that the 
negroes were sold at a high price, and that a negro 
carpenter, from Norfolk, was purchased for a thou- 
sand dollars, Several gentlemen, of the first res- 
pectability, who had conversed with major Griffin, 
informed rac that lie spoke of Williams as a man 
whose appearance entitled him to credit, and that 
he had, accordingly, published the affidavit in the 
town of York. Through the medium of Mr. Coke, 
of Williamsburg, I procured a copy of this paper, 
which Ihaudedto you, and was forwarded by you 
to the president. This affidavit was a subject of" 
general conversation about that time. The cir- 
eumstances under which Williams arrived at Hamp- 



sireng'hened and corroborated by a variety of cir 

i-ces, was considered at the time, as full j ton; the manner in which he described the negroes 
proof of the fact, and was transmitted to our minis- sold in the Bahamas, and particularly the carpen- 

Ghont. When the resolution of the senate Iter from Norfolk, and the appearance of entire sin. 
v.'u2 transmitted to this department, application 'cerity in jlis narrative, left no doubt, X was assured. 



FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— CAPTURED SLAVES. 



79 



on theiftittd of either Mr. Smith or major Griffin, to present the letters from general ?uicjpney and 
that the a%e«-ed sale had actually taken place.— yourself, with our letter of authority. On reading 
I did not seVm-nor Griffin, nor did I inquire whatigeneral Pinckney's letter, and discovering that in- 
he intend* d to do with the original affidavit of Wil- stead of a copy of the treaty of peace from the sc 



nv conjecture was, that lie would send u 
on to thi2 committee of congress, charged with the 
business of collecting proofs of the barbarous con- 
duct of the war, bv the enemy. As it seems he has 
not done so, I presume it remains in his possession. 
I will write immediately to him, with the view of 
ascertaining whetiier this be the fact; and if it be, 
to request' the favor of him to enclose me the affi- 
davit. The result of my inquiries of that gentle- 
man shall be made known to you without delay. 

In the interim, T remain, most respectfully and 
sincerely, yours, &c. 

JOSEPH C. CABELL. 
No. III. 

Esq. to 



Copy of a letter from John Tabb Smitl 
judge Tucker, dated 

Hampton, November 21, 1814. 
Sin— Your favor I have now before me. Some 
time in the year 1813, there came before me a cap- 
tain Williams (I think his name was) in company 
with major Thomas Griffin, of York, with the affi- 
davit you speak of in your letter, which he swore to 
before me, and I gave my certificate thereto; I then 
gaVe the affidavit to major Griffin, and expected to 
see it published in one of the Richmond papers, 
but never heard of it since; but from your letter, I 
expect the original can be got from major Griffin. 
But if it is mislaid, I well recollect the substance 
of the affidavit, and will render you any service in 
mv power. I am, with respect, 

JOHN TABB SMITH. 
If it can be got from major Griffin, it had better 
be in the the captain's own words, with my cer- 
tificate. J- ^ 
St. George Tucker? Esq. 

No. IV. 
York, ( 'Virginia J February 16, 1815. 
Sir— Your favor of the 6th instant, has been re- 
ceived. I have examined my papers and cannot find 
the original affidavit of captain Williams, therein 
alluded to; The copy I gave Mr. Cabell was lite- 
rally correct; the original has been mislaid, or I 
fear lost, in the bustle of moving papers from hence 
so frequently as has been done, to place them from 
without the reach of the enemy during the war.— 
I wi'ii again examine and endeavor to recover the 
affidavit, and will forward the same to the depart- 
ment of state as soon as it shall be recovered. 

Very respectfully, I am, sir, your obediemt ser, 
Van% TWO'S GPJFFIN. 

John Graham, Esq. department of state, 
Washington. 

From the Savannah Republican. 
! The folio wing is the correspondence which we 
promised in the Republican of the 23d tilt, between 
admiral Cockburn, and the commissioners on the 



cretary of state's office, the National Intelligencer 
was enclosed, admiral Cockburn expressed much 
surprise; and it appeared from his manner that his 
temper was not a little ruffled by the incident. He 
totally denied the authority of a treaty so communi- 
cated to him. After reminding him that the Intel- 
ligencer was the state paper of the United States;- 
that in England, the publication of a treaty in the 
Gazette would be considered the proper promulga- 
tion of it, and the impossibility that there would 
be of furnishing to every detached squadron that 
floated upon the sea, any more authentic copy of a 
treaty of peace than the public papers afforded; — ■ 
(these were the ideas we brought forward, and this 
the language, excepting abridged.) Adml. Cockburn. 
still denied our position; but then proposed to us', 
that we should make a transcript of the treatv, that 



part of the United States, relative to the restora- that with regard to shrs 



we should certify it to be a true copy, and should 
present it to him as such, on the part of general 
Pinckney and yourself. As forms were no object, 
we assented* to this at once — this difficulty having 
been gotten over, we thought it proper to enter im- 
mediately upon the subject matter of our mission, 
and. requested to know of admiral Cockburn what 
public property taken at Point Petre or at St. 
Mary's, remained upon Cumberland Island, in 
the ships near Dunginess, or in the ships then ly- 
ing in*the sound, of which there were many; some 
of these ships taken at St. Mary's, and then loaded 
with property taken at the same place. As we had 
no instructions as to the extent of the restitution 
we should demand, and were lef c to our own j udg- 
ment on the occasion, we determined to adopt the 
same rule in regard, to private property and to 
slaves, that we had adopted in regard to public 
property. We, therefore, demanded^ all the slaves, 
and private property of every description taken or 
received at Cumberland island, and at St. Mary's, 
or St. Simon's, and which Was then on Cumberland 
island, or laying- in the waters contiguous to the 
same, on board his ships, or which had been there at 
the ratification of the treaty of peace by the president 
of the U. States; and in making this demand, we were 
happy to find that a very great proportion of the pub- 
lic and private property, and almost ail the slaves, 
taken or received since the British forces had been 
operating in Georgia, came within the limits we 
had., prescribed to our demand. To our enquiry as 
to public property, and our demand as to private, 
admiral Cockburn at once replied, lie had no pub- 
lic property, that the guns he had. removed, the 
munitions of war he had destroyed; but if they 
were there, not having been taken at Cumberland.* 
Island, which place alone remained in his posses- 
sion at the ratification of the treaty, they did not 
come within the operation of the first article of it; 



tion or property, according to the first article of 
the treaty of peace. The reader will plainly per- 
ceive the game played off by Cochrane and Cock- 
burn in tins affair." We trust and hope, congress 
Will not stiller this affair to pass without investi- 
gation. 

Sapelo Island, Geo. March 16, 1815. 
Sin— We left Darien on Saturday, the 5th inst. 
and arrived at Dunginess at 4 o'clock on Monday. — 
As we observed British troops were embarking; and 
as we believed many slaves and much private pro- 
derty would be sent olf with them, we determined 
.to call upon admiral Cockburn immediately, and! Mr. Spalding thoi 



•ivute pro- 



perty, he meant to adopt the same rule: that the 
property and slaves taken at Cumberland and re- 
maining there at the ratiiicution, would be restor- 
ed, but what were taken or received, from other plac- 
es;, although on Cumberland, or in the ships in the 
river or sound would not. It will be understood, that 
we do not. here repeat the words, but the substance 
of what admiral Cockburn said, who appeared dur- 
ing the whole of this conversation a little wavnv 
Having discovered the construction admiral Cock- 
burn was pleased to put upon the treaty, and hir» 
manlier forbidding a hope of a change oi' opinion, 
proper to dr:^.{ his atten- 



80 NILE5> WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815. 



tton to the sl.ips then laying within a hundred yards 
of the wharf of thmgmess, on board of which it 
Was known some slaves were, by observing to him 
that the river was taken possession of at the thne 
fha t Cumberland was occupied by the British forces; 
that it was equally in his possession with the soil 
ad], .cent on the ratification of the treaty, and would 
oniy be restored to the United States at the mo- 
merit he withdrew his forces from Dunginess; that 
consequentlv, under his own rule, the prbpeny and 
slaves on board those ships originally tr.ken at 
Cumberland, it was expect ed would partake of the 
Quality of the property and slaves originally found 
on Cumberland and remaining there. To which 
admiral Cockburn replied, that wherever the Bri- 
tish flag- was, there is British territory.; and by way 
of elucidating Ids position, demanded of Mr. Spal- 
ding, whether if he, admiral Cockburn, .committed 
a murder on board one of those ships in time of 
pe- ce, he believed him amenable to the laws of the 
United States? "No, sir, said he, "I am amenable 
to my own government, and to my own sovereign/' 
To this it was replied, he was amenable to his own 
sovereign as an officer, but he was amenable to the 
laws of the United States as a man; and it was in 
turn asked, whether lie believed if a murder was 
committed on board an American ship in the river 
Thames, the laws of England would not operate 
tipon the murderer— "No, sir." I, too, sir, have 
studied the laws of England, in my youth, and think 
they would. "Then, sir. we are at issuejand it is 
unnecessary to say more." If we are at issue, ad- 
miral Cockburn, upon an abstract principle, it is of 
littie importance; will you please to turn over to 
the first, article of the treaty, and we will see if we 
can agree upon a practical result. This conversa- 
tion is reported m its very words, that you maybe 
possessed of the admiral's manner of reasoning 
and mode of thinking, at our arrival, and it was 
closed by observing, that we should address a note 
to him, which we hoped he would answer as soon 
as possible — then took our leave. The next day, 
the 7lh inst. we called upon him and presented a 
transcript of the treaty, certified by us to be a true 
dopy, which he accepted of. We then handed him 
the following note: 

Sjr — We are instructed by general Floyd to call 
Upon you, and are by him authorised to receive from 
you any public or private property, or any slaves 
that are or were in your possession at the time of 
the ratification of the treaty of peace by the presi- 
dent of the United States. The construction put 
upon this article by ur., is, that all private pro- 
perly, and all slaves in your possession, whether on 
land' or on water, at the ratification of the treaty of 
y>e~cc, are to be restored. We p 1 . ice thi3 construc- 
tion upon the first article of the treaty, because it 
appears to have originated in the most amicable 
dispositions of both the American and British com- 
missioners. Amicable on the part of the American 
commissioners in demanding what might be restor- 
ed Without inconvenience. Amicable on the part 
of tiie British commissioners in promising to ire- 
store all that could be restored without great incon- 
venience. For we cannot persuade ourselves, that 
the restoration of private property or slaves is to be 
limitted to the slaves or property originally taken in 
the forts or place.-; you occupied; for it must be obvi- 
ous to you, sir, and it must be obvious to all, tirai there 
are no slaves, and that there is but littie private 
property ever taken in forts. The limitation that 
appcar.-> to exist in the first part of the first arti- 
cle of the treaty as to such property as may re- 
. tL : forts and places in your possession, is 



obviously confined to artillery and other public pro- 
perty taken in such forts and places, and which, if 
once removed, would have required much trouble 
and much expence to restore. And this conclu- 
sion is the more obvious from noticing that in the 
following part of the same article, archives, re- 
cords, deeds and papers', which are objects of easy 
transport, are promised to be restored^ into whoso- 
ever hands they may have fallen, or wheresoever 
they may have been transferred. 

Begging- that we may have an answer upon this 
subject, so deeply interesting to the inhabitants of 
Georgia, as soon as possible, we remain, sir, res- 
pectfulhy, your very obedient servants, &c. 

Which, after having read, he promised to answer 
the morning following. And here it is proper to 
observe, that at this meeting, and the very many 
that followed it, admiral Coekhlim was calm and 
ids manner courteous in a high degree. During 
the evening of this day, we understood admiral 
sir Alexander Cochrane had arrived, and conse- 
quently that we should not receive an answer to 
our note until there was a conference between the 
admiral Cockburn and himself. At this delay we 
felt no regret, as we hoped from him, from many 
causes not necessary to state, a more liberal con- 
struction of the treaty; the weather was so bad that 
it was the 10th before this communication took 
place, immediately after which admiral Cockburn 
transmitted us the following note, in answer to the 
one we had addressed to him: 

Head-quarters, Cumberland Island, 7th 
March, 1815. 

Geittxemen — I have had the honor to receive the 
document which you state yourselves authorised 
to assure me is a true copy of the treaty of peace 
that has been concluded between our respective 
governments, and which you have been instructed 
to lay before me by generals Pinkney and Floyd.— 
Accompanying this document, I am likewise honor- 
ed with your note of this day, informing me of your 
being authorised to receive from me any public or 
private property or slaves to be restored by me un- 
der the first article of the aforesaid treaty, and ex- 
plaining to me the construction you are pleased to 
put upon that article; but I only find in the certified 
copy you have laid before me, that "all territory, 
places or possessions taken during the war, or af* 
ter the signing of the treaty, (excepting only as 
therein excepted) shall be restored without delay, 
and without causing any destruction or carrying 
away any of the artillery or other public property 
originally captured in the said forts or places, and 
which shall remain therein upon the exchange of 
the ratifications of the treaty, or any slaves or other 
private property.'* 

It becomes, therefore, alone necessary for me to 
state to you that Cumberland Island being the only 
place of possession taken from America in this 
neighborhood, which was retained by me, at the 
date of the ratification alluded to, I shall, as quick- 
ly as possible evacuate it without causing any de- 
struction, and 1 shall leave on it, or deliver to you, 
whatever private property or slaves (originally cap- 
tured here) remained upon the island at the date of 
the ratification. I have not the slightest reason nor 
inclination to doubt the amicable disposition you 
state to have actuated the British and American com- 
missioners in forming this treaty; it appears, however, 
clear to me, by the expressions they have thought 
fit to adopt in it, that I am only required and au- 
thorised to make the restitution I have above stated, 
and I must beg to decline venturing an opinion as 
to whether the treaty is properly worded accord- 



N1LES' WEEKLY REGISTER- CAPTURED SLAVES. 



81 



Jig to the intentions of the commissioners, but It 
apprehend had they wished to imply (as you con- 
ceive) "that ail private property and slaves in my! 
possession, whether on land or .-water, 1 " were to be 
restored, it might have been so specified without 
difficulty; and although you observe there are no 
slaves, and but little private property ever taken in 
"forts," Vet the continuation of the words "or 
places" may perhaps do away the difficulty which 
presented itself to you on that point; therefore, gen- 
tlemen, in giving up this place in conformity with 
the treaty you have done me the honor to lay before 
me, I must beg to be excused from entering into 
discussions relative to captures made elsewhere on 
land or water, and which have been removed from 
the places where captured prior to the exchange of 
the ratification of the treaty. 

I have the honor to be, with much consideration, 
gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, 
G. COCKBURN, Rear-admiral. 
Approved— A. COCHRANE. 
To captain JV&well, of the United States' 
sea fencibles, and Thomas Spalding, 
esq. agents on the part of the U. States 
for recovering property to be restored 
according to treaty, &c. 

Finding this note was approved of on the margin 
by sir Alexander Cochrane, and understanding, and 
even knowing from our own sight, that he had taken 
his departure from the coast, by the time we had 
received this note, all attempts at demonstrating- 
the incorrectness of the conclusion drawn by ad- 
miral Cockburn from the first article of the treaty, 
seemed useless, for admiral Cockburn no longer 
had the power, if he had the inclination, to correct 
his first opinion; and we presently understood, that 
even the small return of slaves and property em- 
braced by this construction of the treaty was yield- 
"ed to with some*reluctance by sir Alexander Coch- 
rane: We, therefore, the same evening addressed to 
admiral Cockburn the note that follows: 

"Sin — Your letter of the 7th is before us; and 
after the desire you have been pleased to express 
of declining all discussion of your construction of 
the first article of the treaty of peace between the 
United States and G. Britain, it only remains for 
us to call upon you for a list of the property, public 
or private, and the slaves "originally captured on 
Cumberland Island," which you have declared your 
readiness to deliver. 

It is our duty to addthi' further and final remark, 
that this list will, we presume, include all slaves 
originally captured on the Island of Cumberland, 
whether such slaves may have been usually resident 
on that Island, or having come from other sections 
of the country, have there first fallen under the 
dominion of the British arms; and especially that it 
will include all slaves and other property taken or 
received, since the ratification of the treaty of peace 
between our respective governments." 

And m the conversation which took place after 
the delivery of this note, it was agreed that orders 
would be given to restore to the owners any slaves, 
that were received in the British camp or ships, after 
the ratification of the treaty, and in consequence of 
this understanding, orders were s;iven to 



with the slaves that had repaired to the British 
camp or British ships from Florida, namely, that 
they should be sent to Bermuda and there confined 
in a ship, until the decision of the British adminis- 
tration was taken on their case. We have deemed it 
proper to communicate this, as not unimportant to 
our own government, and our own citizens. On the 
morning of the 11th an answer to our note was 
received, covering a list of 77 negroes, a few bales 
of cotton, and a few horses and cattle, which were 
to be restored, as having been originally taken at 
Cumberland Island, and having remained there to the 
ratification of the treaty. 

Head- Quarters, Cumberland Islandj, 
. the 11th March, 1815. 

GEt'fTLE^fEx— I have the honor to acknowledge 
the receipt of your note, of the 10th current; the 
first part of which, obliges me to beg your recon- 
sideration ot my letter of the 7th, as 1 believe so 
far from declining* therein "all discussion of my con- 
struction of the 1st article of the treaty of peace 
lately concluded between our governments," 1 have 
| there quoted verbatim the major part of it, and. 
have explicitly stated to you the line of conduct 
which my construction of the said article called upon 
me to adopt in giving up the territory possessed, by 
the forces under my orders. 

I declined only entering into discussion respect •> 
ing " capture made elsexvlisre, and. which had been 
removed from the places -where captured prior to the 
exchange of the ratifications of the peace," such 
not appearing' to come within the specified intention 
of the aforesaid 1st article of the treaty, and you 
will perceive, by his signature added to ray letter, 
the commander in chief of his Britannic majesty's 
forces on the North American station concurs with 
me in this opinion. 

I have herewith the honor to transmit, in compli- 
ance with your request, a list of property and slaves 
that were captured on Cumberland Island, and 
which appeared to ha\*e remained on it at 11 V. M. 
of the 17th ult. the period at which the ratifications 
were exchanged.! 

I have the honor to b« 
obedient humble servant, 

G. COCKBURN, Hear Adnurqti 

To captain Newell, Thomas Spalding 1 . Esq. 
agents for receiving restored territory 
anil property, &c. 

In order to place the matter in a proper light, 
we the same day transmitted the following answer, 
which closed our joint correspondence with the 
admiral : 

Sir — We have to acknowledge the receipt of your 
note of the 11th inst. containing a list of slaves 
and property which had been originally found on 
Cumberland Island, and which were remaining on 
the Island, at the ratification of the treaty of peace 
by the president. Against this construction of the 
first article of the treaty of peace, we must stSL 
protest, and we must still contend, sir, that all 
the property, and all the slaves, that were an 
Cumberland' Island, or in the rivers or watery 
adjacent to the same, at the ratification of the 
treaty, in the spirit of amity in which that article 
was concluded, should have been restored; and this 



restore construction of the first article of the treaty, was 
some slaves so situated by admiral Cockburn, but the more important to the people of the United 
every means were used by the inferior officers to I States, as a great proportion of the property taken, 
prevent the due execution of these orders, par- 1 and a gveat proportion of the slaves received, were 
ticularly on board tire Regulus, .capt. Robert Ram- sent from, the waters of the United Slates, or from 
say, as we were informed, and as captain Newell the Island of Cumberland, as late as between the 
himself was witness to. It was at the same time period of the second and the fifth of March, and no 
indicated to us, the course which would be pursued ' i inconsiderable number of slaves have been sent on t 



VOX.. IX.— (ADDITION!, TO jVO. 



F 



8 J FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 50 1815. 



board Tour shipping in the offin*, since we had the 

nfaddresMng to you our firs* note of the 7th 

in*t r>i! , « sir, to Lave pressed our construction of 

the treaty, after your tetter had been approved by 

the coramander m chief, Sir Alexander Cochrane, 
and he had retired from the station, would have 
been somcthing'mbTC than, useless. We have, then, 
sir, no alternative, but to refer this affair to our 
government. 

We cannot, however, Conclude this correspond 
ftence, without acknowledging the pleasure we 
feel at the facilities which you have aiforded to 
all claimants of slaves to obtain their voluntary 
return* — facilities which we are sensible would 
have be^n productive \jfmore effect, had some time 
been allowed to operate; and we are, sir, very 
i espf ctfully, your very obedient servants, Sec." 

And here! it is necessary for understanding' the 
last clause of our letter to state what led to it. Mr. 
Spalding had suggested to admiral Cockburn, after 
every other means had failed, ids giving- permis- 
sion* to claimants to go on board his slaps in the 
offing to obtain the voluntary return of their slaves; 
this he assented to with great willingness — he sent 
an officer with them, and in the presence pf our- 
selves gave the most positive instructions to the offi- 
cer to have every facility afforded them. Tnis step 
produced a return of thirteen slaves — six of cap- 
tain Wvilv's, five of Mr. Cooper's, one of major 
Butler's and one of major Johnstone's and would 
produced a return of hundreds, if it had not have 
been fjtf the means employed by the inferior officers 
to prevent their- return. On the morning of the 
13th inst. the British Hag was struck at Dunginess, 
a l3 having consulted with the many respectable 
gentlemen who were with us, as to the necessitv of 
the occasion, we called upon captain Massias for an 
oflScer and twenty-five men, to be sent to Dungi- 
ness, to prevent as far as possible fugitive slaves 
still joining the British ships, that were just in the 
offing, and were to remain so for two or three days. 
Mr. Spalding then addressed the following letter to 
admiral Cockburn, and followed captain Newell, 
who had already taken his departure. 

Sir — Tt is with much regret I have to state, that 
of the slaves, winch you have ordered to be restored 
as having joined the British forces under your com- 
mand, after tne ratification of the treaty of peace by 
the president of die United States, several of them 
now on board ho ltegulus, captain Ramsay, have not 
been delivered. These slaves are two of Mr. Arm- 
strong's, January Stsjbbs, and Mary Stubbs, one of 
the slaves of Mr. Miller, and four of Mr. Copp, which 
were- '.'yesterday directed to be given up. I have 
to add, that two of the three slaves delivered to Mr. 
Armstrong, the very night they returned home, 
made their escape, and will unquestionably attempt 
to reach your ships. 

I must therefore request that any of the above 
persons, that can be found, or any other slaves that 
may join your fleet, from the United States, before 
they quit this station, may be delivered to captain 
M tssias at Point Petre, or to his officer at Dun- 
and 1 am, sir, respectfully, your very obe- 
die t servant, T- SPAS/DUvTfh 
»■ , . , . i ■ — , 

* Although admiral Cockburn evinced to the 
Cjfrmmia > - willingness; yet wc have it from 

the very best authority, lie had previously given 
orders to his officers to lay in the way o,f claimants 
every obstacle that would tend to defeat the re- 
turn of any negroes — this fact is proved by tne con- 
duct of fhe inferior oficprg tg $hwna$to. It is absurd 
In the highest degree. 



Having thus, sir, closed the mission with which 
we were charged by general Pinkney and vonrself, 
it is important in our opinion that* we should ob- 
serve to you, that at our arrival at Dunginess ou 
the 6th instant, the United States' barge taken at 
St. Mary's was at the wharf, but was removed that 
evening; and we also understood most of the cannon 
taken at Point Petre were removed subsequent to 
the ratification of the treaty from Cumberland. 
Five or six hundred negroes brought from St.. Si- 
mon's as late as the loth of February, were at Cum- 
berland long after the ratification, and many of 
them sent off in the night of the day after our arri- 
val. ^ In a conversation with Mr. "Spalding it was 
admitted by admiral Cockburn, that major Kins- 
man, of the marines, had continued to enter fugi- 
tive slaves into colonial and West India regiments, 
after notice of the ratification of the treaty and un- 
til he, admiral Cockburn, had given written orders 
to the contrary. 

Accompanying this letter you will receive a list 
of such slaves as their masters have returned to 
us— from Mr. Hamilton, who lost two hundred and 
twenty odd, and from major Butler, who lost one 
hundred and thirty; and fiom others, whom the 
terror ©f the times had driven away, we have no 
return. Nor is it to be wondered at, that a thin 
population fled before a war which has been con- 
ducted in a spirit which this has been since January 
last; for it carried insurrection as its means, and, 
like the awful visitations of Providence, ruin has 
marked its course. But we state, sir, with pleasure, 
that the unhappy sufferers look with manly firmness 
to their own government for a reparation of their 
injuries, and to that government we now beg' leave 
to consign them, with a firm persuasion that they, 
wiil not be disappointed in their expectations, and 
we remain, sir^ respectfully your most obedient 
servants, 

Thomas M. Neweel,? Agents t 
Thomas Spamiko, 3 &c- 
To Brig. gen. John Floyd, 

Commanding U. S. forces, at Savannah. 
From the JWissau Royal Gazette, April 10. 

We have been favored with the copy of a Setter 
written by William Wylly, esquire, liis majesty's 
advocate and procurator-general, to his excellency 
the governor, in refutation of the charge made by 
the American government respecting the sale in 
these islands, of negroes taken from the United 
States. Although every person in this colony must 
be perfectly satisfied that the charge is altogether 
unfounded, yet, as it appears by Mr. Monroe's re- 
port to his government, that the subject had been 
deemed of sufficient importance to be officially 
communicated to the plenipotentiaries at Ghent, 
and has otherwise been widely circulated, we con- 
sider it right publicly to repeat our firm belief 
that the accusation, thus brought against the com- 
mander in chief and other meritorious officers of 
his majesty's navy on the American station, and in- 
volving in its consequences the inhabitants of this 
colony, has been fabricated for the double purpose 
of stigmatizing the British naval character and fan- 
ning the flame of discord between the two nations. 
We might have said only, that it must have pro- 
ceeded from some erroneous and false information 
by which the public functionaries of the U. States, 
have been deceived, did not the remarks of Mr. 
Monroe, embodied in his report, point directly to 
a spirit of rancor as dictating the representation- 
remarks, which we see repeated in the National In- 
telligencer with increased malevolence, and which, 
as appearing in that paper, beat* the mark of an- 



NiLES' WEEKLY REGISTER— C \ .PTURED SLAVES. 



83 



horny, and shew that the object is not so much to. 
shew proof of the injustice complained of, as to ag- 
gravate the imputation and to impress its belief 
upon the minds of the peopie of the United 
States, still heated from recent animosities. It 
will be observed that the attorn ey-gencrai has 
confined himself in a great measure to prize ne- 
groes. It is to be wished that he had gone further, 
because it is the aim of the American government 
to do so. The true purport of the accusation at 
the present day, means as" much that the desertion 
of slaves was encouraged, and that they were after- 
wards betrayed and sold, as that captured negroes 
were carried away for sale. An accusation equally 
false and groundless as the other, and equally in- 
credible with all who will give it a moment's re- 
flection, and consider the impracticability of such 
proceedings under tile existing laws, over which 
the eye of authority is particularly vigilant in all 
our colonies, but in none more so than this. 

We understand that sundry affidavits have been 
voluntarily and solemnly made, which not Only fully 
corroborate the statement of the attorney-general, 
but also shews that no American slaves were, at 
any time, or under any circumstances whatever, in- 
troduced and sold in the Bahamas during the late 
War. If copies of those affidavits can be procured, 
they shall appear in a future number; in the mean 
time, the letter above alluded to is published: 

"JStexo Pi'ovl dene e, JVIay oth, 1815. 

"Your excellency must without doubt, have been 
surprised at seeing in our last Gazette, copies of the 
papers which have lately been published under the 
authority of the government of the United States, 
upon the subject of the pretended sale of Ameri- 
can prize negroes in these islands and although the 
charge appears upon the face of it to be ground- 
less, your excellency may nevertheless think it right 
that i r should be contradicted. 

"I have, as your excellency knows, been his ma- 
jesty's attorney, advocate and procurator-general of 
these islands for the last fourteen years, and I was 
present, perhaps, at every sitting of our prize court 
during the late American war, so that I have had 
the. very best opportunity to know what has been 
passing in that court, and take upon myself with- 
out any reserve to assert, that not a single negro or 
person of color, taken from the Americans and 
brought into these islands, in the course of the 
war, was either prosecuted, condemned or sold 
here, and that it was an invariable practice to 
liberate or exchange them all, whether freemen or 
slaves. 

"An instance occurred in 1808, and another in 
1811, in which negroes who were probably born 
free, were trepanned and smuggled into the colony, 
by masters of American vessels; the first a man 
called Hobert Sawyer, in the brig Joseph lloss, Jas. 
Ilenryham, master, from Washington, in North Ca- 
rolina; the other a young woman named Catharine 
Itichardson, in the schooner Cynthia, of New York, 
Charles Johnson, master; both of these were seized, 
prosecuted, and made free here by sentences of our 
admiralty court, under the authority of the act of 
parliament for the abolition of the slave trade, and 
1 took the liberty to write letters giving notice of 
these transactions, both to Mr. Monroe, the A- 
inerican secretary of state, and to the society 
established at Philadelphia for the abolition 'of 
slavery. 

"I have the honor to be, with great considera- 
tion, sir, your excellency's faithful, humble servai 
(Signed) WM. WYLLY. 

ffis excellency Charles Cameron, Esa, c<?r. fifc- 



The following letter on the same subject w.-.s 
iddressecl to Mr. Monroe, in March last. Whether 
he condescended to answer it, we have not y$t 
heard; it has not been published: 
(co?r.) 
TunnanX, oil' Si. Manps, C:o": r lc,^ 
m jfoircti, 1815. 

SIR— In a London ncw:;p: per, the Times, of the 
21st of November last, 1 observe in the close of a 
letter from you addressed to the American caw 
missioners at Ghent, dated the 28th January, 18 11, 
the following paragraph, which alludes to the ne- 
groes that had taken refuge on board his B/jti '- 
nic majesty's ships from the shores of the United 
States: 

"It is known that a shameful traffic has been car- 
ried on iii the West Fndies, by the sale of these 
persons tiiere, by those who profess to be their de- 
liverers. Of this fact, the proof that has reached 
this department shall be furnished you." 

Although at the date of your letter I had not 
left England, consequently the events-there said to 
have taken place* were previous to my assuming 
the command on. this station. It is a justice I owe 
to my predecessor and the officers now serving in 
this fleet, .to call upon you for the proofs that ydi 
state to have reached your department. 

When such accusations are sanctioned by such 
high authority as the secretary of state of the Uniren 
States of America, it is to- be supposed that he must 
have been in possession of sufficient information to 
induce him to give publicity to them. I therefore 
trust to your furnishing me with the proofs to 
which you allude; also, such other proofs as you 
may have to adduce against any person, since the 
British fleet upon the North American station has 
been under my command. 

I have no hesitation in declaring-, that I do not 
believe any negro,- either free or a slave, who had 
taken refuge on board the fleet under my command, 
has at any time been sent to the West Indies; the 
whole were either ordered to the island of Bermu- 
da or to Halifax. I further declare, that none of 
these persons have been kept in a state of slavery, 
but suffered to go wherever they thought proper. 
As the local laws of Bermuda did not permit of 
their settling- there, until opportunities offered of 
their being sent to Halifax, they and their families, 
were maintained at the public expence, and those 
who performed any work were regularly paid for 
the same. 

As I am confident you would not have asserted 
What vou did, without you had considered yourself 
authorised to do so, I cannot doubt of your readi- 
ness to acquaint me with the particulars to which. 
your letter related, and the authorities you quote; 
should you think proper to favor me with these, 
I pledge myself, either to disprove every part 
thereof, or to bring the guilty parties to punish- 
ment. 

If your informants had been acquainted with the 
regulations that have been established in all the 
British West India islands since the abolition of the 
slave trade, they would have known the total im- 
possibility of introducing slaves into any of them 
in the manner they state; tiie public authorities 
could not have permitted the flagrant acts of injus- 
tice to have obtained which have been imputed to 
those who professed to be the deliverers of tiie ne- 
groes upon their quitting the American shores.. 

I have sent this letter by a ship of war to Ha mp- 
ton Roads, the commander of which has my instruc- 
tions to wait your answer. I will endeavor to send 
a duplicate by post; having by a late despatci from 



$1 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBEB 30, 1815 



Engjjpnd received similar information to that con- 
tained in j our letter to the commissioners at Ghent 
(which I presume had been sent to the British go- 

v eminent from thence) it makes it of moment that 
I should be put in possession of all the facts, that 
the investigation ma}- be proceeded on before the. 
ition of the fleet takes place in consequence 
of the peace. 

I have the honor to be, sir, yam* most obedient, 
humble servant, 

(Signed) ' ALEXR. COCHRANE. 

The hon. James JVcniroe, secretary of stftiiL 

crV. £rV. United States of 'Jhnericd. 
From the National Intelligencer, June 24, 1815. 

"When, the other day, we had in hand the sub- 
ject of the captured slaves, we admitted, because 
we knew of no fact to the contrary, that slaves cap- 
tured on the high seas might not be subject to 
condemnation as property in the British admiralty 
courts. Since the publication of our remarks on 
this head, we have been obligingly put in posses- 
sion, fiom a source entirely to be relied on, of the 
following- bi'ief narrative; which at once convinces 
us of our error, and establishes the fact, that slaves 
have been subjected to condemnation in British 
prize courts, the authority of Mr. attorney-general 
V v yliy to the contrary notwithstanding. 

h\ December, 1812, a merchant of Norfolk sent 
a schooner to the West Indies, on board of which 
Le had five negro slaves, part of the crew. She 
arrived safely under the guns of the forts of St. Ja- 
go de Cuba, when the boats of the British brig Rho- 
dian were suffered to board her without opposition 
from the Spanish batteries, and carry her to Kings- 
ton in Jamaica., where the vessel and cargo, and 
the slaves, were condemned as prize to the king, 
and sold as such. The friend, at Kingston, of the 
merchant of Norfolk, purchased in these skives, 
with the view of returning them to him, for the 
sum of $1650. 

A copy of tljje decree of the court in this case is 
subjoined. It is conclusive as to the fact of con- 
demnation of captured slaves, and, being from an 
official source, will, we presume, at once silence 
those, prints here, that have taken the British side 
of this question. In the following document, we 
find the authority of the vice-admiralty court, and his 
Rrilamric majesty* is advocate general of Jamaica arr 
rayed, against that of his majesty's advocate and pro- 
nirator-genePal of Nassau. We have authenticated 
facts against loose and general assertions. It is 
p.iov.mj that slaves captured from us during the 
war, on the higli seas (or rather on neutral territo- 
ry) have been condemned and sold in the West In- 
dies — and the inference is strong, if not irresisti- 
ble, that slaves taken from our shores have slmred 
the same fate. 

nOtfCMENTAnY PTIOOF. 

Jit a court of vice-admiralty held in the toivn of Sainf 
Ju '--o de la Vega, on Tuesday the thirty-first day of 
. lugust, 1813, before the honorable Henry John 
Jlenchhffe, esquire, judge and commissary of said 
court. 
Schooner Wilhelmik-a, / 

Reynold*} master. 5 Our sovereign lord the 
king against the schooner Welhclmina and goods 
and slaves., seized and taken by his majesty's brig I 
ttfiodian, John George Boss, esquire, cojmnander, 
and brought into the harbor of Kingston, in this' 
island of Jamaica, and against Barnard O'Hara and 

Achilles Auffroy, the claimants thereof. This 

pause coming on to be heard on the former pro- 
ceedings bad in the said caus< , I lie time allowed the 
claimants theroii to adduc< urtn.< proof by the 



decree of this honorable court, made on the ele- 
venth day of February last, having expired, and no 
further proof being made, the judge, at petition 
of Marston, and on motion of his majesty's advo- 
cate general, and on reading the allegation and 
proofs in the said cause pronounced against the 
said schooner Wilhelmina, (whereof David Au- 
gustus Reynolds was master) and goods and 
slaves on board her, to have belonged at the 
time of the capture and seizure thereof, to enemies 
of the crown of Great Britain, and, as such or other- 
wise, subject and liable to confiscation, and by in- 
terlocutory decree, condemned the said vessel and 
cargo as good and lawful prize, taken and seized by 
his majesty's said brig Rhodian, John George Boss, 
esquire, commander, and condemned the said slaves 
as good and lawful prize to our sovereign lord the 
king Jure Corona; and the judge by further inter- 
locutory at the petition of the proctor for the cap- 
tors, decreed that the said claimants do forthwith 
bring' into the registry the sum of three thousand 
and niriety -one pounds, currency,' being the amount, 
of the stipulation bond entered into by them to an- 
swer the adjudication thereof in this honorable 
court, the said vessel, cargo and slaves having- been 
delivered over to them on bail, pursuant to the de- 
cree of this honorable court, pronounced in the 
said cause on the eleventh day of February last, 
and thereupon that the said stipulation b«nd be 
cancelled. 

By the court, ADN. DOLMAGE, Dep, Reg. 

From the London Courier, of June 2, 1815. 

House of Commons. Mr. Horner referred to a 
question which he had formerly put to the other 
side of the house, respecting a charge deliberate- 
ly brought against this country by the American 
commissioners at Ghent. He wished to know what 
degree of credit ought to be attached to. the asser- 
tion that a British officer had been guilty of seiz- 
ing and afterwards selling slaves in the West In- 
dies. The American government had, he under- 
stood, offered proofs of the transaction, and he 
should be happy to learn now, what had appeared 
to color or corroborate them in the course of the 
negociation. 

Mr. Gouiburn said he was perfectly willing to af- 
ford explanation, and such an one as he hoped 
would prove satisfactory to the house. The charge 
in question was contained in the instructions of the 
American ministers: and it was evidently of so se- 
rious a nature, that it was impossible any hesita- 
tion or delay should be evinced in urging the ne- 
cessary investigation. With this view a demand 
has been made, that the American commissioners, 
would produce their evidence. This, however, it 
was replied, was not consistent with their instruc- 
tions, but that they had no reluctance to submit to 
him (Mr. Gouiburn) as a private individual, the 
amount of the information they had received. The 
effect of this was, that a person, a prisoner in one 
of the harbors of Virginia, had made an affidavit 
that a vessel had entered that harbor to which a 
slave had been sold for a given stun of money, which 
slave had been afterwards re-sold in the West In- 
dies; and that he believed this to be a common 
practice. As both the name of the deponent and 
of the vessel were named in the affidavit, he had 
been directed by lord Bathurst to institute the . 
most accurate enquiry in America, and from the re- 
porter! purchaser of the slave. The enquiries had 
not yet been answered, but he earnestly hoped that 
the season would not expire before the most satis- 
factory explanation op this plicate business, sbeuifi. 
be received, 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER—NAVAL REGISTER 



85 



Naval Register. 

pniNTKT) BY OttDETl THE SECltETATtr OF THE NAVY. 

August 1st, 1815. 



Names qnd Rtmhs. 



CAPTAINS. 

Alexander Murray 
John Rodger* 

James Barron 

William Bainbridge 

Hugh G. Campbell 
Stephen Decatur 

'Thomas Tingey 

Charles Stewart 

Isaac Hull 

Isaac Chauncey 

John Shaw 

John Smith [since deceased] 

John H. Dent 

David Porter 

John Cass in 
Samuel Evans 
Charles Gordon 

Jacob Jones 



Dates of 
Commissions. 



lJulv, 1798 
5 March, 1799 



Charles Morris 

Joseph Tarbell 
Arthur Sinclair 
Oliver Hazard Perry 
Thomas Macdonougl 
Lewis Warrington 
Joseph Bainbridge 
William Crane 
Johnston Blakeley 
James T. Leonard 
James Biddle 
Charles G. Ridgely 
Robert T. Spencr 



No. 1 

No. 2 



22 May, 

20 do. 

16 Oct. 
16 Feb. 

23 Nov. 
2 April, 

23 do. 

24 do. 
27 Aug. 
29 Oct. 
29 Dec. 

2 July, 



1800 



Where Stationed 



Names and Rank. 



JJates of 
Commissions, 



1807 
1810 
1811 
1812 



3 do 

4 Julv, 

2 March, 1813 

3 do — 



No. 
No. 
No. 



Daniel T. Patterson No. A 
MASTETt COMMANDANTS 



No. 
No- 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 



Samuel Angus 

Mel. T. Wool sey 

J. Orde Creighton 

Edward Tivnchard 

John Downes 

John D. Henjey 

Jesse D. Elliot 

Robert Henley 

Stephen Ca'ssin 

Daniel S. Dexter 

James Rerishtvw 

David Deacon 

L.wis Alexis » 

Michael B. Carroll 

John M. Gardner 

Sidney Smith 

Thomas Brown 

William Lewis 

LIEUTENANTS. 
Nathaniel Ilaraddn 

Francis I. Mitchell 

George Merrill 
Samuel Woodhouse 

Charles C. B. Thompson 
Joseph Nicholson 
Alexander S. Wadsworth 
John Pettigrew 
George W. Rodgers 
George C. Read 
Henry E. Ballard 
Thomas Gamble 
William Carter, Jr. 
Benedict I. Neale 
Joseph I. Nicholson 
Walter Stewart 
Wolcott Chauncey 
John H. Elton 
Edmund P. Kennedy 
Jesse Wilkinson ) 
Alexander J. Dallas 
John B.Nicholson 
Btekman V. Hoffman 
George Budd 
Thomas A.C.Jones 
Joseph S.Mscpherson 
John Porter 
John T. Shubrick 



No. 4 
No. 7 
No 

No. 10 
No. 11 
No. 14 
No. 1 



5 do 

24 July, 
24 do 

10 Sept 

11 do 

22 Nov. 

23 do 

24 do 

25 do 

4 Feb. 
28 do 
28 do 
28 do 
23 do 



No. 2 
No. 3 

No. 4 



24 July, 18L' 

24 do — 

24 do — 

24 do — 

24 do — 

24 do — 

24 do — 

12 Aug. 181-4 

11 Sept. — 

10 Dec. — 

10 do — 

}0 do — 

10 do — 

4 Feb. 1815 

4 do — 

28 do — 

1 March, — 

3 do — 

31 March, 1807 



13 Feb. 
30 April, 
4 May, 

15 do 

15 June, 

21 April, 

22 do 

24 do 

25 do 
2rj do 
27 do 

23 do 

4 June, 
4 do 
4 do 

7 do 

8 do 

9 do 
lo do 
13 do 

o May, 
i do " 
3 do 

24 do 

27 dO 

28 do 



1809 



1810 



Navy Yard, Philad. 
President of the Navy 
Board, Washington. 
Absent from the U. S. 
Not on duty. 

Independence 74, Me- 
diterranean 

Charleston, S. C. 

Frigate Guerriere, Me- 
diterranean 

NavyYard,Washington 

Furl. June 26, 1815 

Charlestown, Mass. 

Washington 74. 

Frigate "U. States" 

Franklin 74 

Newport, R. I. 

Commissioner of the N 
Board, Washington 

Navy Yard, Gosport, Va 

Navy Yard, New York 

Frigate Constellation 
Mediterranean 

Frigate Macedonian 
Mediterranean 

Frigate Congress, Me- 
diterranean 

Norfolk, Va. 

Lake Erie 

Frigate Java 

Portsmouth, N, H. 

Sloop Peacock 

Staten Island N. Y. 

Independence 74 

Sloop Wasp 

Lake Champlain 

Sloop Hor/iet 

Sloop Erie 

Baltimore Navy Yard 

New-Orleans 



New York, recruiting 
Lake Ontario 
Newport, R, I. 
Corvette John Adams 
Brig Epervier 
Baltimore, recruiting- 
Sloop Ontario 
Washington 
Furl. March 10,1815 
Washington 
New- York Navy Yard 
Boston, recruiting 
New-Orleans 
Ditto 

Norfolk, Va 
Plattshurg,N.Y- 
Philad. recruiting 
Frig.G uerriere. Medit. 



Washington Navy Yard 

Furl. June 5, 1315 

New-Orleans 

Lake Erie 

Philadelphia 

Newport, R. I. 

Brig Prometheus 

Washington 74 

Brig Firefly, Medit. 

Brig Chippewa, Medit. 

Baltimore 

Brig Spark. Medit 

Frigate Macedonian 

Frigate Constellation 

Philadelphia 

Ship Alert 

Schr. Torch, Medit. 

Brig Saranac, Medit 

Norfolk, Va. 

Washington 

Schr. Spitfire, Medit 

Brig Flambeau, Medit. 

C>aue 

Furl. May 29, 1815 

Furl. July 18, 1815 

Frigate Java 

Brig Boxer, Medit 

Frigate Guerriere 



IT KPT KNASTS. 
William Finch 
William B. Shubrick 
Henry Wells 
Benjamin W. Booth 
Alexander Claxton 
Eiios R. Davis 
Charles W. Morgan 
Samuel P. Macomber 
Raymond H. J. Perry 
Lawrence K>arney 
William H. Watson 
Thomas Hendry, Jr. 
Foxall A. Parker 
Edward R. M'Call 
Daniel Turner 
Win, H. Allen 
Stej). D. M'Knight 
David Connor 
John Gallagher 
Thomas Holdup 
James A. Dudley 
James P. Oellers 
Wm. M. Hunter 
John D. Sloat 
John Packett 
Wm. H. Cocke 
John J. Yarnell 
Matthew C. Perry 
Chas. W. Skinner 
Joseph Wragg 
James Sanders 
James ReilJy 
Samuel W. Adams 
John R. Madison 
Dngomier Taylor 
George Pearce 
Fredk. W. Smith 
Hy. S. Newtoinb 
Nl. D. Nicholson 
Thos. Tilliiighast 
Otho Norris 
John T. Newton 
P. A. J. P. Jones 
Samuel Henley 
Augs. Conekling 
Joseph Smith 
Laurence Rousseau 
George W. Storer 
Henry B. Rapp 
Lewis German 
Joseph Cassin 
Robert M. Rose 
Beverly Kennon 
Edward Shubrick 
Charles A. Budd 
Francis H. Gregory 
Kervin Waters 
William H. Odenheimer 
Edward Barnewall 
John M. Maury§ 
Frederick Baury 
Benjamin Cooper 
Philip F. Voorhees 
Henry Gilliam 
John H. Clack 
Wiiiiam D. Salter 
William A. Spencer 
William L. Gordon 
David Ge i singer 
Richard Winter 
John T. Wade 
John Percival 
James Ramage 
William V. Taylor 
Mervine Mix 
Thomas M. Newell 
Edward Hadtlaway 
-Charles F. M'Cawley 
John H. Bell 
Dulany Forrest 
Bladen Duiany 
Thomas W. Magruder 
Francis B. Gamble 
Richard Dashiel 
John Taylbe 
George B. M'CuIloch 
Robert Speddt n 
Thomas T. Webb 
Waiter G. Anderson 
Stephen Champiin 
Charles T. S tailings 



4 Jan. 181? 

5 <lo - 

6 do — 

7 do — 

8 do — 
•10 do — 

3 March 



No. i 
No. 2 

No. 3 
No. 4 
No. 5 
No. 7 
No. X 
No. 9 
No. 10 
No. 11 
No. 12 
No, 13 
No. 14 
No. 15 
No, M 
No. 17 
No. 1 
No. 19 
No. 2i 
No. 22 
No. 23 
No. 24 
No. 25 
No. 26 
No. 27 
No. 29 
No. 30 
No. 31 
No. 32 
No. 33 
No. 34 
No. 36 
No. 37 
No. 40 
No. 41 
No. 42 
No. 43 
No. 44 



24 July 
24 do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
de 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



24 do 


_ 


24 do 


— 


j24 do 


— 


24 do 


— 


24 do 


— 


24 do 


— 


24 do 


— 


9 Oct. 




IS June 


1814 


*S do 


— 


30 do 


— 


16 July 




22 do 


— 


9 Dee. 




9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


-> 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 





9 do 


_ 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


— 


9 do 


_ 


9 do 


— . 


5 do 





9 do 


— 



Whers Stationed. 



Independence 74 

Frigate Constitution 

Boston 

Frigate "U. States" 

Ditto 

New Vork Navy Yard 

Franklin 74 

Frigate Guerriere 

Newport, U. L 

Brig Enterprise 

Alexandria 

Woodbury, N.J. 

Frigate "U. States" 

Frigate Java 

Ditto 

Brig Flambeau 

Not in the U.S. on duty 

Sloop Hornet 

Frigate Congress 

Frigate Java 

Independence 74 

Furl. March 4, 1815 

Independence 74 

Furl, March 16, 1815 

Furl, April 25, — 

Brig Spark 

Frigate Guerriere 

Brig Chippewa 

Sloop Ontario 

Ship Alert 

Franklin 74 

Sloop Wasp 

Lake Ontario 

Frigate Congress 

Frigate Java 

Washington 74 

Sloon Ontario 



FurfcFehr 



England 
Sloop Wisp 



i-uary 28, 181* 



Was 



■g'.G 



SloOD Hoi"] I 

Boston 

Sloop P* -acock 

Englaudt 

Fngate Constellation 

Sloop Erie 

Independence 74 

Frigate Guerriere 

Engfendf 

Frigate Constellation 

Little Plymouth, Va. 

Fngate Constellation 

PWl. May 20, 1815 

Lake Champlain 

Frigate Congress 

Portland, Mass. . 

Fuvl. February 25, 1815 

Bng Epervier 

Ditto 

Sloop Wasp 

Franklin 74 

Sloop Peacock 

Brig Flambeau 

Frigate Congress 

ting Prometheus 

Frigate Macedonian 

England j| 

Brig Firefly 

Frigate Constitution 

Furl. March lo, isis 

Sloop Peacock 

Furl. February 23,1815 

>r i gate Java 
Brig Fii-enY 

Savannah 

St. Michael's, Md. 

Sloop Erie 

Ditto 

Frigate Java 

Schr. Spitfire 

Frigate "7j Siatec" 

Frigate Macedonian 

England^ 

Frigate Constitution 

Frigate "U. States" 

Baltimore 

Frigate Macedonian 

Norfolk, Va. 

Brig Chippewa 

^rigate Constellation 



Captured hi -the bng Syren. tCaptured on Lcke Erie iCau- 
tured a. the brig Syren $'l he relative rank of those of kers Iho* 
comnnssions are dated the ?th December, 1814, has not been est, b 
hslud. ^apturedrntheSyren. Captured ina prize tothe F sse " 



85 NILE3* WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, W&. 

CommUaifru.] "^tre Stationed, 



y 'times nnri Rcnk: 



Dtfcs of 
Commissions. 



I.TF.VTiKNWXTS. 
James MGnwan 
William Lowe 
F. A. F. Vallette 
John II. Auliek 
Charles T. Clarke 
Silas Duncan 
Thomas Cunningham 
Isaac M'Keever 
Robert F. Stockton 
Nathaniel L. Montgomeey 
Walter N. Monteath 

A, C. Stout 
Sihtr H. Striiigham 
G or?e Vaucieave 
Paul Zantziiiger 
John W. Gihfts 
John T. Drury 
Charl.es £. Crowley 
William Laughton 
Nelson Webster 
WUIUm A. C. Farragut 
Richard G. Edwards 
William Mervin 
William K. Latimer 
Guiavus W. Spooner 
Isaac Maya 
William H. Braikford 
William Elliott 
Thomas Crahh 
Edward B. Babbit 
George Hamersley 

SU'.'.KMSS. 
Edward Cutbush 
Peter St. Medard 
George Davis 
Samuel R. Marshall 
Lewis Heerman 
Joseph G. P. Hunt 
Jonathan Cowdery 
Samuel D. H-ap 
Robert L. Thorn 
Samuel 11. Tievet, jr. 
William P. C. Barton 
Joseph W. New 
Joseph S. Sfbool&eld 
George Logan 
Amos A. Evan* 
Robert Monvll 
Rob-it 3. Kearney 
James Page 
J'mv.i D. M'Reynolds 
Thomas If arris 
William Turk No. 

Hyde Ray No. 

"William Baldwin No. 
Wr. W. B.ielianan No. 
Samuel Av.r No. 

E. L. L:i a too No. 

Charles Cotton , No. 
Gerard Da vers No. 

Wilijftrtj Ciiton No. 

Robert A. Barton No. 
lU:i.\. P. Kissrun No. Ui24 

JoJin A.Kearney No. 13 2 
Richard C. Edgar No. 14 
L';:iiey Washington N<*. M 
Wru. M. Clarke No. 36 
1 horaas Chidester »> »7 , 
James Jnderwit-ke No. 1Sj24 
George T. Kennon Nj. ,5 
Walter W. New 
SamueJ Hurdey 
Bobrrt C. Randolph 
("eiil.-s B. Hamilton 
LMier l'aifeoiis 
"Wjlliam Swift 
fmephut W, S. O. Conway 
Richard K. Huffman 
Richmond Johnson 
Thomas B. Saltar 

•.'!{'; ko.v's KATM8. 
John Harrison 
Siitli Lewis 
Gustavo* R. Brown 
Thomas A. c. Vanwycfc 
Manuel Phifipi 
William Barnwell 
'• .... ii . Belt 
Donaldson Jf< atei 

John D. Armstrong 
William C. Wliittelsey 
)'. v r Christie 
John Young, jr. 

."amuti Jackson 



9 Dec. 1814 



do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

4 Feb. 

4 do 

4 do 

4 da 

4 do 

4 do 

4 do 
1 May, 

5 do 



24 June, 

14 July 

22 do 

16 Jan. 

27 Nov. 
do 

27 do 
7 do 
3 March, 
3 do 
3 April, 
3 June, 

13 do 
April, 
do' 

31 May, 
3 July, 

5 March, 
2 Oct. 

6 July, 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



1300 

1!;m 



1310 



181' 
1813 



«io 



do 
do 
|24 da 
! 6 Oct. 
(5 April, 
15 do 
5 -do 
1 5 do 

15 do 
27 June, 

16 July, 

1 Marsh, 

2 May, 

15 Jan 
23 do 
1 March, 

3 do 

13 July 
18 tl>j 
23 Bent. 

14 May, 
27 ' do 

H July, 



1305 

!<<09 



1810 

18.1 

1812 



Brig Enterprize 
Brig Saranac 
Furl. April 10,1815 
Brig Saranac 
Brig Boxer 
Frigate Guerriere 
New Orleans 

Ditto 
Schooner Spitfire 
Mediterranean 
Furl. May 22, 1815 
Lake Erie 
Brig Spark 
Frigate Macedonian 
Brig Firefly 
Furl. April 17, 1815 
Brig Epervier 
Boston i 

Schooner Nonsuch 
Sloop Ontario 
Furl. April 7, 1815 
Furl. March 1 ;, 1814 
Lake Ontario 
Si«op Erie 
Washington 74 
Sloop Hornet 
Independence 74 
Schooner Torch 
Corvette John Adams 
Independence 74 
Brig Saranac 

I Hospital, Washington 
Boston 
New-York 
Hospital, Nc*v-York 
Hospital, New-Orleans 
New- York 
Norfolk, Virginia 
Hospital, Philadelphia 
Portsmouth, N. H. ' 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Philadelphia 
Savannah, Georgia 
Hospital, Norfolk, Va. 
Hospital, Charleston 
Independence 74 
New-Orleans 
Frigate "U. States" 
Hospital, Baltimore 
Hps. Mediterranean 
Frigate Macedonian 
New York 
Sloop Erie 
Savannah 
Lake Ontario 
Portland 
N, ptviue 
Newport, R. I, 
Frigate Congress 
Lake Champlain 
Sioup Ontario 
Sloop Hornet 
Frigate Constitution 
Furl. May/9, 1815 
Washington 74 
Sloop Wasp 
Schooner Enterprize 
Brig Epervier 
Frigate Constellation 
Corvette John Adams 
Georgetown, D;s. Col. 
Brig Saranac 
Sloop Peacock 
Frigate Java 
England* 
New Orleans 
Frigate Gnerriere 
P. rig Boxer 
Elizabeth Town, N. J. 

Hospital, Washington 
President, July I8ii 
Lake Champlain 
Constitution Mar. 1809 
Furl. June 22, 1811 
New-Yor!< 
Furl. July 24, 1815 
Eastern Shore, Md. 
Schooner Helen 
Frigate Constellation 
Mi.I.lh town, Con. 
Brig Torch 
Hospital, New York 



• ' in the Siren. 



SUHGEON S MATES. 

Andrew B. Cook 

James C. Garrison 

E.{D. Morrison No. 2 

Horatio S. Waring No. 3 

John H.Gordon, act- 
ing surgeon No. 5 

Samuel M. Kissatn No. 6 

Leonard Osbpme No. 7 

Thos. Williamson No. 9 

John Dix No. 1 

Thomas Sprague No. 13 

Benj. Austin, jr. No. 1- 

Thomas Cadle No. 16 

Leuco Mitchel No. 17 

Silas D. Wickes No. 18 

Isaac Baldwin, jr. No. 9 

Wilmot F. Rogers No. 20 

Thomas Rogerson 

George S. Sproslon 

John C. Richardson 

John W. Peaco 

Archimede. Smith 

Alexander M. Montgomery 

Oliver Le Chevalier 

William Butler 

Thomas M'Kissoek 

John Wise 

Thomas I. H. Cashing 

John H. Steel 

S. B. Whittington 

Francis Gereish 

Edward Woodward^ 

Benjamin A. Wells 

Frederick P. Markhatn 

William D. Conwny 

James N. Turnstale 

Davis G. Tuck 

Robert C Wardle 

James Norris 

Thomas C. Gardner 

William F. Bradbury 

Benajah Tickner 

William P. Jones 

Thomas G. Teauhy 

John Mairs 

John M Adam 

John S. Mc-.rshon 

Charles Chase 

Thomas V. Wiesenthal 

George B. Doane 

Amos King 

Pliny Morton 

Benjamin S. Tyler 

Nathaniel Miller 

William Eurchmore 

Solomon D. Townsend 

Richard Derby, jr. 

John R. Martin.act. surgeon 

James R. Boyce, acting sur- 
geon's mate 

David H. Fraser, acting sur. 
geon's mate 

pntSElts. 

Isaac Garreston 

Clement S. Hunt 

Gwiun Harris 

John II. Can- 
Nathaniel Lyde 

James R. Wilson 

Samuel Robertson 
Samuel Ilamblei.on 
Robert C. Ludlow 
Robert Pottinger 
John B. Timberlakc 
Thomas I. Chew 
Thomas Shields 
Richard C. Archer 
Lewis Deblois 
George S. Wise 
Francis A. Thornton 
Edwin T. Satterwbite 
James M. Halsey 
Edward Fitzgerald 
Alexander P. Darragh 
Edward W. Turner 
Hubert Ormsby 
Henry Dennison 
Ludlow Dash wood 
William S. Rogers 
Henry Fry 
John R. Shaw 
Samuel P. Todd 
Nathaniel W. Rolhwell 
George Eeall 
James H. Clark 
William P. Zantz'wger 
Joseph North 



21 Dec. 1812 Lake Ontario 

22 do - I Ditto 

24 July, 1813 Wilmington, N. C. 

24 do - Charleston, S. C. ' 



24 
21 
24 
;>4 
24 
21 
24 
24 
M 

4 
24 
24 
25 Oct. 

8 Nov. 
17 May, 
23 June, 

5 July, 
Ifi do 
10 De<» 
10 do 
10 do 



10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 

1» 

10 

10 

10 
*!0 

10 

10 

10 


10 

10 

10 

10 do 
6 Jan. 

10 do 
3 May, 
3 do 
9 do 

10 Jan. 

21 Feb. 

in April, 
25 ilo 
25 <Ho 
25 do 
25 do 
25 do 

25 do 



Mediterranean 

Sloop Hornet 
Brig Firefly 
Brig Prometheus 
Brig Flambeau 
Fr. President,Oct. 181!$ 
Furl. June 13, 1815 
Sloop Peacock 
Furl. June 8, 1815 
Brig Spitfire 
Brig Epervier 
Schooner Nonsnch 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Frigate Congress 
Lake Erie 
Sloop Erie 
Lake Erie, 
Brig Spark 
Frigate Macedonian 
Hospital Washington 
Shawangunk, N. Y» 
Kennebunk, Mass. 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Frigate Macedonian 
Sloop Ontario 
Independence 74 
Fr. "United States" 
Hiscataway, Maryland 
Adams, Massachusetts 
Baltimore 

Henderson co'ty Ken, 
Fairfak Courthoose,Vft 
West Chester co'ty,N¥ 
Washington 74 
Frisrate Congress 
Furl. June 27, 1815 
Sharon, Con. 
Virginia 
Mediterranean 
New York 

Northumberland cy.Ya 
Princeton N. J. 
Washington 74 
Frigate Java 
Mediterranean 
New York 
Fr. ''United State& v 
New York 
Frigate Guerriere 
Frigate Guerriere 
Washington 74 
Independence 74 
Brig Chippewa 

Frigate Constellation 

New York 



1812 Fti Houghed 
. Newport, R. I. 

Kranklin74 
. Accounting 

Portsmouth N. H. 
Absent from the U. & 
—Not on duty 
. Norfolk, V*. 
25 do - Furl. July 15, 1515 

5 t l . Independence, 74 

25 do - Frigate Constitution 
25 do • New York 

55 do -, Washington 74 
25 do * New Orleans 
15 do - Accounting 

>S do - Charlestown, Mass. 

25 Ao • New York 

25 do - Furl. Nov. 1, 1814 

5 do - Not on duty 

25 do - Frigate Guerriere 
25 do - Frigate- Java 

25 do - Furl. April 10. 1814 

25 do - B.iig Flambeau 
.75 do - Furl. July 2-2, 1 815 

2, do - Washington 
25 do - Furl. June 1, 1815 
25 Feb. 1813 Frigate Congress 

27 do - Boston 

28 do - Accounting 

1 March, - Philadelphia 

2 do - Savannah 
24 July, - Accounting 
24 do - Fr. "United States* 
M do - Sloop Hornet 
24 do . Frigate Macedonian 



MLES' WEEKLY REGISTER-NAVAL REGISTER 



87 



iiumes arid Bank. 



Dates of 
Commissions* 



PURSKHS. 

Joseph Wilson, jun. 
Hi Ttnau Thorn 
Thomas Wainc 
Lewis Fairehild 
John S. Skinner 
Joseph B. Wilkinson 
Ezckicl Solomon 
Benjamin F. Bourne 
William Sinclair 
Richard T. Tinherlake 
Samuel Livermore 
Matthew C. Attwood 
ftreome K. S pence 
Mchucton W. Bostwick 
John N. Todd 
Timothy Winn 
"William M. Sands 
Thomas Brecs<" 
Joseph H.Terry, 4rf. Purser 
chai^.aiss. 

Andrew Hunter 
David P. Adam* 
John Cook 
"William II. Briscoe 
Coiden Cooper 
Cheever F.-lch 
A. Y. Humphreys. A. C. 
MiDSUIPMliN. 
A. 
Adams, James 
Ad a ai, Robtrt 
Armstrong, James A. L. 
Alexander, Albert A. 
Abbot Waiter 
Allison, William R. 
Atjboc, ,|oel 
Avery, George 
A s hbridge, Joseph H. 
Adams, Henry A. 
Andrews, Alexr. M'Kira 
Armist .'ail, Robert 
Autn, William H. 
Alexander, Nathaniel 
Armstrong, William H. 
Abbot, Thomas C. 
Adams, Roderick R. 

B. 
Bond, Samuel 
Brown, Thomas S. 
Brown, 1. A. D. 
Brry Wm. 
Breast, Samuel L. A. L. 
Baarman, Charles 
Belt, Wm. 1. 
Belches, John A. A. L. 
Berry, Charges 
Br.ei-J-u, Win. 
Barron, Samuel 
Brycien, John 
B.iwyer, i'iiomas II. . 
Bryan, Benjamin 
Beatty, Horatio 
Biashears, Richard 
Baliinger, Franklin 
Baldwin, Wm. 
Bonneville, Thomas N. 
Baker, Yorrick 
Bell, Wm. H. 
Bali, Eiiphalet 
Bigelow. Abraham 
Boden,Wm. 
Benson, John C. 
Beck, Samuel 
Baldwin, Russell 
Brown, Thomas H. 
Bruce, Henry 
Bubier, John 
Byrne, Edmund 
Bird, John D. 
Benham, Timothy G. 
Brewster, Benjamin 
Branch, Cyrus A. 
Bartholomew, Benjamin 
Lair, James 
Bab'bidge, John P. 
Bo ughan, James 
Buchanan, Franklin 
Bainbridge, Arthur 
Board ley. John M. 
Bowman, Joseph 

C. 
Cuth*r,Wm. 
Chaille, Win. H. 
jGatCo, Richard Jr. 
Cross, Jos- i>h 
Caldwell, Charles IP. 



£4 July, 1813 

24 do 

24 do 

24 do 

26 March, 1814 



Where Stationed. 



26 do 




25 do 


- 


20 do . 


- 


£6 do 


- 


26 do 


- 


26 do 


- 


26 do 


- 


8 April 


- 


16 Julv 


- 


1 March 


1815 


17 May 


- 


20 do 


- 


8 July 


- 



Brig Saranac 

Frigate Constellation 

Boston 

Sloop Wasp 

Accounting 

Brig Chippewa 

Furl. June 6, 1815 

Sloop Peacock 

Charleston, S. C. 

Lake Erie 

Brig Spark . 

Sloop Erie 

Sloop Ontario 

Brig Epervier 

Brig Firtfly 

Washington navy yard 

Sackett's Harbor 

Boston 

Brig Boxer 



Watties and Ranks. 



Dr.tfs of 
Commissions 



n licit Stationed 



3 March, 1 8llj Washington navy yard 
10 May 

Furl. Dec. 30, 1812 
1815 Frigate Constellation 



19 do 

1 



July 
4 A nil, 

12 May 



Independence 74 
frigate Constitution 



1809 



181 



112 



1813 



16 Jan. 

18 May 
15 Nov. 

1 Sep. 

1 Jan. 

1 do 

1 do 
28 do 
14 Aug 

14 March, 1814 
13 April - 
30 July 
30 Nov. 
30 do 
30 do 

6 Dec. 

2 March, 1315 



20 Jan. 
17 Dec. 
17 do 
17 do 



17 do 

9 June, 1811 
1 Sept. 
1 do 
1 do 
1 do 
1 Jan. 



Furl. Sept. ?4, 1810 
Frigate Essex, 1809 
Frigate Congress 
Sloop Ontario 
Washington 74 
Gosport, Va. 
Frigate Congress 
Frigate Guerriere 
Furl. June 5, .815 
Independence 74 
Furl. Feb. 2_, 1815 
Frigate Constellation 
Hudson, N. Y. 
Frigate Java 
Frigate "U. States" 
Saco, Massachusetts 
Charlestown, Mass. 

Norfolk, Va. 
1810 Frigate Macedonian 
Frigate "U. States" 
Sloop Ontario 
New-York 
Sloop Erie 
Boston 

Sloop Ontario 
Furl. May 17, 1815 
Sloop Hornet 



1812 



I do 


1 do 


1 do 


1 do 


1 do 


1 do 


1 do 


1 do 


18 July 


18 do 


18 do 


18 do 


18 do 


22 Aug. 


12 April, 


17 May 


9 Nov. 


9 do 


9 do 


1 Feb. 


16 April 


30 Nov. 


30 do. 


30 do 


30 do 


30 do 


30 do 


11 Jan. 


28 do . 


■2i Feb. 


7 March 


8 July 


5 Nov. 


17 Dec. 


9 June, 


9 do 


1 Serfo 



Norfolk, Va. 

Sackett's Harbor 

Furl. June 19, 1815 

NVw-York 

Independence 74 

Brig Saranac 

Baton Rouge 

Sloop Peacock 

New-York 

Wash. N. Yd. at school 

Frigate Macedonian 

Albany, N. Y. 

Brig Spark 

Furl. June 13, 1815 

Furl. June 7, 1815 

1813 Ship Neptune 
~ (New-York 

Furl. June 21, 1815 
SI. Frolic,Dec. 23,1813 
Brig Siren 

1814 Philadelphia 
Franklin 74 
New-Haven 
Frigate Guerriere 
Schooner Torch 
Philadelphia 
Salem, Massachusetts 
Ditto 

',15 Sloop Erie 
frigate Java 
Brig Spark 
Frigate Java 
Brig Boxer 



MIDSHIPMEN. 
Cook, John A. 
Ctiauucey. John S. 
Conover, Thomas A. 
Campbell, Archibald 
Cranston, Robert 
Crary, Lodowick 
Cornwell, Joseph S. 
C utli bert, Lachlan 
Cocke, Harrison 
Child;, Rites 
Cunis, James F. 
Cambi! Iling, John P. 
Carter, Nathaniel Jr. 
Cooke, John Jr. 
Connor, James 
Cutts, James 
Curtis, Thomas B. 
Cummings, John L. 
Carpenter, Edward 
Carpenter, Benjamin 
Chaining, John M. 
Carter, Hill 
Cults, Augustus 
Cottineau, Hercules 
Chew, John (of Benjamin) 
Carson, Robert 
Conyngham, David 
Cochran, Joshua W. 
Cannon, Joseph S. 
Campb 11, James 
Colter, James 
Cunningham, Robert B. 
Corlis, Charles 
Culiier, John 
Cutts, Joseph 
Coxe, James S. 
Childs, Charles B. 
Cochran, Richard 
Cambridge Wm. E. 
Crowniiishield, Jacob 
Clinton, James H. 

D 
Doyle, Thomas 
De Hart, Gosen 
De Lion, Abraham 
Dowse, Edward 
Dayton, T. W. H. 
Downing, Samuel W. 
Dulany, James William 
De Va'ux, Maximilian 
Dunham, Peleg Iv. 
Davis, Oscar 
Dal -, John Montgomery 
Dobbin, James H. 
Dennis, John jr. 
Daily, Thomas W. 
Derby, Charles P. 
De Saussure, Daniel S. 
Davis, Owen 
Downing, Mahlon M„, 
Dominick, Richard 
Duzeiiberry, Samuel 
Dangerlield, William 
Dana, Charles 
De Wolf, Francis L. 
Dodd, George D. 
Davezac, de Castera Gaeton 
Delany, Hugh 
Dyson, Henry 
Dodge, Edwin I* 
Dornin, Thomas 



an. 



do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
June 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
23 Sept. 

8 Oct. 
10 July, 

do 

9 Nov. 
9 do 
9 do 

9 do 
1 Feb. 
1 do 
1 do 

> do 

26 do 

.' Nov. 

do 
30 do 
30 do 
30 do 

6 Dec. 

10 Jan. 
c9 do 

7 Feb. 
6 March, 

11 do 
24 April 

July, 

15 Nov. 
17 Dec. 

17 do 
1 Sept. 
1 do 
1 do 
1 do 
1 Jan. 
1 Feb. 

18 June, 
18 do 
18 do 

9 Nov. 

9 do 

9 do 

1 Feb. 

8 March 
30 April, 
lfi July 
3) Nov. 
30 do 



18 12' Frigate Constellation 

New-York 

Frigfttf Constellation 

Charleston. S. C. 

Frigate Java 

Furl. May 23, 1815 

Brig Boxer 

Frigate Java 

Furl. May 31, 1815 

Brig Saranac 

D.tio 
- fFri gate Congress 

Furl. March 27, 1315 

Lake Ontario 

Ditto 

Washington 

Brig Spark 

Sloop Ontario 
18 13 Independence 74 
Lak< Ontario 
Furl. June 19, 1815 
New-York 
Independence "4 
Savannah, Georgia 
1S 14 Frigate Constellation 
Furl. March 1., 18 IS 
Furl. May 9,1815 
Frigate Congress 
Furl. August 5, 1815 
Sloop Erie 
Frigate Guerriere 
Frigate Constellation 



1S09 
18 10 
1811 



1815 



Norfolk, Va. 
Furl. May 9, 
Lake Ontario 
Frigate Constitution 
Independence 74, 



Eli, Guy 
Egertou, Richard 
Essex, Edwin 
Evans, John 
Easiburn, Joseph 
Eizy, Jaiiii s 
Esknuge, Alexander 
Ellery, Frank 
Eakin, Samuel A. 
EhVry, Charles 
Em 'net, Christopher T. 
EngL. Frederick 

F 
Field, Ambrose 
Farnigui. David G. 
Forrest, French 
Fitzhugh, Andrew 
Freeman. Edgar 
Field, Robert 
Frltus, William II. 
Fischer, J dm D. 
Freelon, T. W. 
Fenimure Thomas F„ 

Frecms&iyfamcs 3L 

I 



8 do 
2 May 



16 Jan. 


15 Nov. 


15 do 


17 Dec. 


9 June, 


1 Sept. 


1 Jan. 


1 do 


L8 June, 


8 March 


1 Oct. 


6 Dec. 


1 Dec. 


1 7 do 


9 June, 


9 do 


9 do 


1 Sept. 


1 d,* 


18 June, 


!18 d.) 


1 1- Fete 


t.UMSy, 



„ Frigate Congress 

_ St. Charles', M. T. 

.. (Furl. July 5, 1815 
1 g] 5 1 Frigate Guerriere 

„ jBrig Firefly 

.. Franklin 74 
.. Furl* July 28, 1815 
.. Frigate. Congress 
.. New-York 

f$ 5 j Baltimore 

IRfiQiFurl. January 30, 1811 1 
I810 Charleston, S. C. 

Brig Epervier 
,ilj New-York 

Brig Prometheus 
Frigate Constitution 
Schr. Torch 
,,12 Frigate Java 
Ditto 

Sloop Peacock 
Boston 

Frigate Macedonian 
1813 New-Orleans 

Frigate Constitution 
Frigate Constellation 
1;-,14 Independence 74 
Furl. June 7, 1815, 
Lake Ontario 
Furl. March 11, 1U5 
Frigate Constellation 

igate Congress 
Furl. March 15, 1815 
Providence, R. I. 
New-Orleans 
Furl. May 9, 1815 
181.' Frigate Guerriere 
Brig Flambeau 
Frigate Java 

09 Portland, Mass. 
Cliaptice, Md. 
Ship John Adams 
H10 Sackett's Harbor 
1811 Fr- Essex, July 3 ■ ', ISIS. 
Gospor'.,Va. 
Frigate Constitution 
Frigate Constellation 
Ditto 
I l.j Independence 74 
•- Frigate Guerriere 

- Brig Firefly 

1800 1 Frigate Constitution 
181 [independence 74 

1811 Frigate ConsUllition 

- [Frigate Congress 

- (Independence 74 
-- j Fr. Pre sident,Feb. L8 >» 

- Brooklyn 

1812 Washington: 4 
-- Frigate Congress 
18 13 1 Frigate Macedonian 
i8M'Fri:suv: U.5tatr»"' 



88 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815, 



Karnes and Rank. 


Dates of 
Commissions. 


U'kerc Stationed. 


Names and Rank. 


Dates of 
Commissions 


Where Stationed 


ftrastfKPMXX. 








MIDSHtPMEK. 








FoUet, Benjamin 


6 Dec. 


1S14 


Independence 74 


Lecompte, Charles 


!8Mav, 


1809 


Cambridge, Md. 








Ludlow, James H. 


15 Nov. 


. 


Schooner Spitfire 


Goodwin, John D. 


16 Jan. 


1809 


Philadelphia 


Luckett,JohnM. 


17 Dec. 


1810 


Washington, Dec. 1810 


Gm inn, John A. L. 


18 May, 


. 


Brig Saranac 


Lee, Wm. A. 


9 June, 


1811 


Furl. July 27, 1815 


Greenwelk Edward 


9 June, 


1811 


Lake Erie 


Lowe, Enoch 


1 Sept. 


. 


Mediterranean 


Gibbon, Frederick S. 


9 June, 


- 


Furl. April 25, 1815 


Leib, Thomas I. 


I do 


. 


Philadelphia 


Gaunt, Charles 


1 Sept. 


. 


Franklin 74 


Latimer, Arthur 


1 Jan. 


1812 


Charlestown, Mass 


Goodwvnn, Peterson 


1 Jan. 


1812 


Petersburg, Va. 


Loveday, John 


1 do 


. 


Lake Champlain 


Ghlfin, Allen 


1 do 


* 


Gosport, Va. 


Lecompte, Samuel 


4 June, 


. 


Frigate Java 
Furl. July is, isls 


Gray, Henry 


1 do 


. . 


Schooner Torch 


Luf borough, Alexi\ W. 


.8 do 


. 


Greenlaw, James 


18 June, 


. 


Furl. Nov. 15, 1814 


Lewis, Wm. G. 


13 do 


. 


Frigate Constellation 


Good rum, Jumes 


IS do 


• 


Norfolk, Va. 


Leverett, George I; 


18 do 


- 


Frigate Constitution 


Graham, John it. 


IS do 


. 


Fr. "United States"' 


Long, John C. 


18 do 


. 


Brig Boxer 


Goidsborough, Lewis M. 


18 «1o 


. 


Washington 


Langdon, Henry S. Jr> 


18 do 


■ 


Sloop Wasp 


Gilmeyer, Jacob 


1 Jan. 


1813 


Sloop Erie 


Lee, John H. 


18 do 


. 


Frigate Macedonian 


Greeves, Thomas 


9 Nov. 


. 


Sloop Peacock 


Lansing, Edward A* 


18 do 


- 


Frigate Guerriere 


Goodwin, Daniel 


30 do 


1814 


Biddeibrd, Dis. Maine 


Legaiv, James E. 


18 do 


- 


Brig Chippewa 


Grimke, Benj. Secundus 


30 do 


. 


Charleston, S. C. 


Lovell,H. S. 


9 Nov. 


1813 


Charlestown, Mass 


Green, Willis M. 


30 do 


. 


Kentucky 


Lord, Wm. R. 


1 Feb. 


1814 


Portsmouth, N. H. 


Grrry, i'homas R. 


6 Dec. 


. 


Frigate Congress 


Lyman, James R. 


16 July, 
4 Nov. 




New- York 


Gardner, Waiter 


6 do 


. 


Independence 74 


Lassaile, Stephen B. 


. 


Schooner Spitfire 


Gardner, William II. 


6 do 


. 


Sloop Ontario 


Lowndes, Charles 


18 Marcl 


,1815 


Sloop Erie 


Gaillard, Daniel S. 


I Feb. 


18^5 


Charleston, S. C. 


Livingston. Richard P. 


29 do 




Frigate Constellation 


Gedney, Thomas R. 


4 March 




Norfolk, Va. 


M 








PL 








Myers, Wm. . 


16 Jan. 


1809 


President, Mar. 1,1809 


Humphreys, Julius 


16 Jan. 


1S09 


Wilmington, N. C. 


Morrell, Moses 


16 do 




Ditto, Nov. 2, 18 10 


H.il, John jr. A. L. 


6 Feb. 


. 


Norfolk, Va. 


Motley, A. 


16 do 


. 


Portland, Mass. 


Hali. Warren 


17 Dec. 


1810 


New Orleans 


M-Kiuney, Wm. E. 


9 June, 


1811 


Frigate Guerriere 


Heath, Richard 


17 do 


. 


Independence 74 


M'Nier, Thomas' 


9 do 




Furl. Dee. 17, i81t 


Hash ft, Andrew 


17 do 


. 


Fr. Chesapeake, 181*2 


Morris, James L. 


9 do 


. 


Frigate Congress 


Harrison, Tliomas P. 


9 June, 


IS 11 


Lake Erie 


Mazyck,P.R. 


9 do 


. 


Charleston, S. C. 
Nautilus, Dec. 7, 1811 


Hedges, F. E. 


9 do 


- 


George Town 


M'Ahster, John 


1 Sept. 
1 do 


. 


Hunter, Richard 


1 Sept. 


- 


Frigate Congress 


M'Cbesney, Wm. 


. 


Lake Champlain 


Harper, William J. 


1 do 


- 


Philadelphia 


M'CaWjJokn 


1 do 


. 


Furl. March l, 1815 


Hi grills, Jesse 
Harrison, Benjamin 


1 Jan. 


1812 


Furl. April 27, 1812 


M-Lawlev, George 


1 do 


. 


Franklin 74 


1 do 


. 


Lake Erie 


Mitchell, Robert 


1 do 


. 


Frigate Guerriere 


Hall, William 


1 do 


. 


Frigate Constellation 


M'Intosh, James M'K. 


1 do 


. 


Boston 


Harper, Joseph L. 


4 June 


. 


Furl. June 13, 1315 


Minchin, Charles W. 


1 Jan. 


. 


Frigate "U. States" 


Hunter, Moses 


18 do 




Washington 


MCluney, Wm. 


1 do 


. 


Furl. July 8, 1815 


Hunter, David 


18 do 


. 


Ditto 


M-Clean, Wm. 


1 do 


. 


Newport, R. I. 


House, William 


13 do 


• 


Boston 


Mackall. Richard 


1 do 


. 


Lake Erie 


Higenbothom, Delozier 


18 do 


. 


Independence 74 


Mott, Wm. H. 


1 do 


« 


Schooner Spitfire 


Harby, Levi 


18 do 


- 


Charleston, S. C. 


M'Neil, Archibald 


t do 


. 


Furl. June 12,1815 


Hardy, I. C. 


13 do 


. 




Morales, Joseph 


1 do 


. 


New-Orleans 


Hamilton, Edward W. 


1 8 do 


. 


Beaufort, S. C. 


Montgomery, John B. 


4 June, 


1812 


Sloop Ontario 


Hodges, James 


9 Nor. 


1813 


Frigate Macedonian 


Mitchell, David 


18 do 




Brig Rattlesnake, 18 14 


Hall, A. S. 


9 do 


- 


Charlestown, Mass. 


Mason, James 


18 do 




Furl. June 24, 1315 


Hull/Joseph 


9 do 


. 


Frigate Congress 


M'Clintock, Henry 


18 do 


. 


Furl. July 5, 1815 


Handy, Thomas B. 


28 Jan. 


1814 


Newport, R. 1. 


Mackey, Daniel H. 


16 April, 
9 Nov. 


1813 


Independence 74 


Howell, John F. 


1 Feb. 


• 


Frigate Guerriere 


Marston, John Jr. 




Washington 74 


Hunter, George W. 


1 do 


• 


Ditto 


Moorehead, Joseph 


9 do 


. 


Corvette John Adams 


Jfollins, George N. 


1 do 


- 


Ditto 


M-Rorie, D. W. 


1 Feb. 


18!4 


Brig Enterprise 


Hopkins, John L. 


26 do 


- 


Brig Flambeau 


M Cauley, Daniel S. 


1 do 


. 


Independence 74 


Hart.EzekielB. 


30 April, 


- 


Lake Ontario 


Moore, Sharp D. 


18 July, 
30 Nov. 


. 


Sloop Ontario 


Hayes, Thomas 


16 June, 


. 


Independence, 74 


Mahotiey, Michael 


. 


Furl. May 23, 13 15 


Heth, John 


25 do 


- 


Frigate Guerriere 


Maiiison, Joseph 


30 do 


. 


Schooner Torch 


Homer, William H. 


30 Nov. 


. 


Franklin 74 


MKean, William W. 


30 do 




Frigate Java 


Hortun, Samuel 


30 do 


. 


Salem, Massachusetts 


M-Kenzie, William 


33 do 


. 


New York 


Hunter, Harry D. 


30 do 


, 


Frigate Java 


M'Intosh, William A. 


30 do 


. 


Corvette John Adams 


Harvey, William 


30 do 


. 


Newbern, N. C.j 


Marchand, Nicholas 


30 do 


. 


New Orleans 


Hum, John 


10 do 


. 


Frigate Java 


Myers, Joseph 


6 Dec. 


. 


Frigate Constellation 


Harris John L. 


30 do 


• 


Sparta, Ten. 


Mercer, Samuel 


4 March 


,1815 


Norfolk, Va 


Harris, William S. 


30 do 


. 


Frankfort, Ky. 


Martin, Robert F. 


2 May, 


. 


Frigate Java 


Hubart, George 
Hoffman, Ogdtn 


6 Dec. 


. 


Furl. June 7, 1815 


N. 








31 do 


- 


Frigate Guerriere 


Nicholson, Jarnes 


1 Dec. 


1309 


Brig Enterprize 


Howard, William L. 


10 Jan. 


1815 


N -w York 


Nichols, Robert 


1 Sept. 


1811 


New York 


Hobbs, Hubbard H. 


4 March 


. 


Brig Saranac 


Nicholson, James 


1 Jan. 


1812 


Fr. Chesapeake, 1812 


I 








Newcomb. Walter 


1 do 


. 


Charlestown, Mass 


Jones, Charles 


6 July, 


1813 


Norfolk, Va. 


Nixon, Z. W. 


IS June, 


. 


Furl. August 5, 1815 


Jasper. William 
Johns, Enoch H. 


1 Jan 


l'i08 


Wilmington, N. C. 


Newton, Henry C. 


18 do 


. 


Brig Epervier 


16 do 


1809 


Charlestown, Mass. 


Nicholson, William C, 


18 do 


- 


Ship Neptune 


Jamesson. William 


1 Sept. 


181 


Furl. J une 7, 1815 


Newman, William D. 


1 Feb. 


1314 


Frigate Guerriere 


Inman, William 


1 Jan. 


1812 


Boston 


Nones, J B. 


1 do 


. 


Ditto 


Jackson, James T. 


1 do 


. 


New York 


Nicholson, Wm. B. 


17 March 




Frigate Java 


Isaacs, G. W. 


1 do 




Schooner Torch 


Nelson, Armistead 


30 Nov. 


- 


Norfolk, Va. 


Jarvis, Joseph R. 


;8 June, 


. 


Furl. April *6 1315 


Nibholas, John S. 


6 June 


1815 


Richmond, Va.' 


Jamessoii, Skeffington 


18 do 




Brig Prometheus 


O. 








Jones, Richard A. 


18 do 


. 


Frigate Macedonian 


Olmstead, Edward 


17 Dec 


1810 


New-York 


Ingraham, Duncan N. 


18 do 


- 


Furl. March 8 1815 
Sloop Peacock 


Ogden, Henry 


1 Sept. 


1811 


Independence 74 


Israel, Israel 


9 Nov. 


18'. 3 


Oneale, Richard 


1 Jan< 


1812 


Brig Enterprize 


Jarreit, Frederick 


8 March 


1814 


Lake Ontario 


Overton, Patrick H. 


30 Nov. 


1804 


Nashville, Ten 


Jones, Walter Fi 


11 June, 


- 


Frigate Constellation 


P. 








Justin, Joshua H. 


30 Nov. 


. 


Lake Champlain 


Patton, George 


IS Nov. 


1809 


Charleston, S.C. 


Johnson Edward S. 


30 do 


- 


Brig Boxer 


Pag'-, Benjamin 


17 Dec. 


1810 


Furl. June 12,1815 


Jacobs, Edward 


50 do 


- 


Furl. March 4, 1815 


Perry, James Alexander 


9 June, 


1811 


Brig Chippewa 


K. 








Pauldirtg, Hiram 


I S*pt. 


- 


Frigate Constellation 


Kfene, Lewis 


1 Jan. 


3812 


Brig Enterprize 


Pottingi T, Wm. 


1 do 


- 


Furl. August 5,1815 


Kubsi, Adam S. 


l Feb. 


1814 


Sloop Hornet 


Page, Hbgll N. 


1 do 


. 


Furl. June 2G, 1815 


Kelle John 


1 do 


- 


Philadelphia 


Patter, Richard M. 


1 Jan. 


18 1? 


Franklin 74 


Keasbey, John R. 


4 Nov. 


- 


Frigate Guerriere 


Pendergrast, Garret 


1 do 


. 


Lake Erie 


Knight Jam's D. 


30 do 


- 


Savannah, Georgia 


Pettigrew, Thomas 


1 do 


. 


Furl. June 30, 1815 


Keogh, Matthew 


Dec. 


- 


Mediterranean 


Prentiss, Nathaniel A. 


18 June, 


- 


Brig Prometheus 


L. 








Pratt, Shxibal 


18 do 


. 


Frigate Constitution 


Later, Charles 


16 Jan. 


180'J 


Franklin 71 


Piatt, Charles T. 


18 do 


. 


Ltike Champlain 


J .inch, Green 


16 do 


- 


New York 


Prlc -, Edward 


5 April, 


181? 


Frigate Guerriere 


fofal f. II. 


}S May, 


- i 


Navy. Yard, Washington 


Pbelphs. Samuel B.- 


20 May. 


; 


SJoop.Hornet 



NILES' 


WEE' 


KEY 


REGIS'! 


PE 


R. 


fro. 6 of Vol. IX.] 


BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1815. [v 


'HOLE xo. 214. 




Jfac olim memimsae juvulat.- 


— Vino it. 






PUIiVTED AXD PUBLISH*; I) BY H. XlLESj 3 


>fO. 29, SOUTH CALVEHT-STKKKT, AT %5 PEB 


AXXIJM 





Name, vndRank. Co % m fJns. Where Statiomd ' Name < aml Rank ' ComSsiL. w >™ &*&** 



MIDSHIPMEN. 
Prentiss, John E. 
Paine, John H. S. 
Pattern, Thomas 
Peterson, Wm. 
Pollard, Win. 
P< lot. John F. 
Finkham, Alexander B. 
Pinckney, Richard, S. 
Porter, David H. 
Picket, Richard 
Postell, Edward 
Palmer, John Wi 
Potter, Win. H. 
Potter, Rohert 
Pearson, Frederick 
Pennoek, Wm.H. 
Parker, George 
R. 
Renshaw, Samuel 
Itonev, James 
Rol* fts, L. Q. C 
Rogers, James 
Randolph, R. B. 
Ritchie, John T. 
Ramsay, Wm. W. 
Rajs James W. H. 
Roberts, James 
Randolph, Wm. B. 
Ridgeway, Ebenezei* 
Russell, Edmund M. 
Russell, Charles C. 
Randall, Henry 
Rogers, Samuel 
Rodgers, Wm. T. 
Rice, Wm. 
Ritchie, Robert 
Rutter, Solomon 
Ross, Thomas 
Rogers, Clement 
Randolph, Victor M. 
Rudd, John 
Roane, Wm. 
Rutgers, Herman 
Rittenho'ise, W. W. 
Rutledge, Ed want 
Reed , John 
Rousseau, John B. 
Rand, Isaac H. 
.Randolph, Burweil S. 

Smith, Edward 
Stewart, James 
Saunders, John 
Stewart. Richard 
Smoot, Joseph 
Suggette, Thomas 
Smith, Charles 
Stevens, Clement 
Springer, Charles L. 
Spikuali, Joseph 
Swartwout, Augustus 
Searcy, Robert 
Snelson, Robert L. 
Steele, Wm. 
Simonds, L. E. 
Saw yer* Horace B. 
Street, Miles 
Strihbl'mg, Cornelius 
Sands, Joshua 11. 
fitallings, Otho 
Scott, Beverly R. 
Sweeney, Hugh S. 
Sullivan, John M. 
Shute, John B. 
Skiddy, Wm. 
■Spaulding, James 
Swartwout, John 
Stewart, Archibald M. 
Stout, Matthew Wj 
Stevenson, John 
Stewart, David R« 
Summers, R. M. 
Shields, Win. 
^nith, Win. Pi 
Shttbriek, Irvine 

voi> ts. 



9 Nov- 
9 do 
9 do 

1 Feb. 

8 March 

10 June 
17 do 

3 Aug. 

4 do 
30 Nov. 
30 do 
33 do 

6 Dec. 

2 March, 
1 do 

20 April 
6 Juue 

4 July, 

4 do 
1ft Jan. 
15 Nov. 

15 Aug. 

17 £>ec. 

1 Sept. 

1 do 

1 do 

1 Jan. 

1 do 
13 Juue 
13 do 

18 do 

9 Nov. 
9 do 
9 do 

1 Feb. 
26 do 
17 March 

16 April 

11 June 
30 Nov. 



25 Jan. 
2 Feb. 

16 Jan. 
15 Nov. 
15 do 
15 do 

1 Dec. 
1 do 

17 do 
9 June 
1 Sept. 
1 Jan. 
1 do 

1 do 



1913 Charlestown, Mass. 
Schooner Spitfire 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Hi Schooner Torch 
Frigate Java 
Charleston, S. C. 
Lake Erie 
Brig Epervier 
Franklin 74 
Furl. March S, 1815 
Charleston. S. C. 
Frigate Java 
Ditto 

Frigate Java 
Frigate "U. States" 
Brig Firefly 
New-Orleans 

1805 Furl. April 19, 1815 
ISO" New-Orleans 
i Charleston, S. C. 

Frigate Goerriere 
Frigate Congress 
Ditto 

Sloop Erie 
Frigate Constellation 
Sloop Wasp 
Boston 

Frigate Constitution 
Furl. May 31, 1815 
Annapolis 
1813 Boston 

Sloop Peacock 
Independence 74 
114 Sloop Peacock 
Sloop Erie 
Furl. April 4, 1815 
Corvette John Adams 
Frigate Constellation 
Brig Firely, 
Mediterranean 
Independence 74 
Franklin 74 
Wilmington 74 
Franklin 74 
New-Orleans 
Charlestown, Mass 
Frigate Constellation 

New-York 
Gospert Navy Yard 
Norfolk. Va. 
Furl. July 15, 1815 
Sloop Hornet 



1*10 
1811 



I8l3 



1 do ' — • 



1 


do 


1 


do 


1 


do 


13 June 


18 


do 


IS 


do 


18 


do 


18 


do 


1 March 


36 


April 


9 Mav, 


9 Nov. 


9 


do 


9 


do 


L2 


do 


1 Feb. 


1 


do 


1 


do 


2 


do 


7 


March 


12 


May 



Lake Erie 
Brig Epervier 
Mediterranean 
Wilmington, N. C. 
Frigate Java 
Frigate Congress 
Brig Argus, 1813 
Frigate Constitution 
Independence 74 
Furl. June 15, 1815 
Ship Alert 
Frigate Macedonian 
Washington 74 
Sloop Erie 
Savannah, Geo. 
Frigate Macedonian 

1813 Lake Ontario 
Independence 74 
Sloop Hornet 
Frigate Macedonian 
Ditto 

Frigate Constitution 
Frigate Macedonian 

1814 Lake Erie 
Sloop Erie 
Frigate Java 
Brig Enterprise 
Lake Ontario 

• Frigate GuerrterS 



MII)SfITPME>*. 
Stcafr.es, Joshua B. 
Storer, Frederick 
Strong, Peter Y. 
Shaler, Egbert 
Sherburne, Jonathan W. 
Street, Miles 
Shaw, Roger C. 
Scott, Merit 
Sommerville, G. W. 
Stockton, Horatio 
Sanderson, Francis 
Smith, Jesse 
Story, Frederick W. C'. 

Tippet, Thomas A. 
Ten, Kick Abraham 
Temple, William 
Titus, Ira 
Taylor, James B. 
Tyler, Tobias 
Thompson, Joseph 

Taylor, William 
Tatna!l,Josiah 
Toscan, Frank 
Tiltou, Nehemiah 
Tardy, Henry 
Tlnving, Samuel 
Tosean, Messidor 
Townsend, John S. 
Tuttle, John P. 
Turner, Henry E. 
Toole, John 
Tompkins, John 
Thorn i ley, William F. 
Tilden, Thomas B. 
Tallmadge, Benjamin Jr. 
Taylor, William G. B. 

V. 
Vanzandt, Ira 
Voorhees, Ralph 
Voshell, James 
Varnuin, Frederick 
Valette, James Kirk 

W 
Washington, Samuel W. 
Wayne, William C. 
Wish, John 
Wyman, Thomas W. 
Weaver, W. Augustus 
Walker, Darnel R. 
Williams, James 
Williamson, Jonathan D. 
Williamson, Charles L. 
Wall. Albert G. 
Wliitloek, Ephraim 
Wilson, Stephen B. 
Washington, Wm. S. I. 
Whetmore, Wm. C. 
Whittingtqn, Clement 
WollK-rt, Frederick 
Watts, Edward 
Whipple, Pardon M.. 
Whke, Joshua 
Warner, Henry R. 
Ward, Henry 
Wheaton, Seth 
White,. Tames 
Walker, William 
Wood, Oliver W. 
Wilson, Cesar R. 
Wright, Edwar* 
Wat'kins, Erasmus 

Y. 
Yates, Charles 
Youug, John 

SAlLiNG-MASatESS. 

A. 
Arundel 1, Robert 
Almy Thomas C» 
\dams,Jan»MH. 
Adams, Saunul \V« 
Arnold, John 

B. 
Broke, Samuel 



28 Sept. 1814 Furl. March 1, 1815 

30 Nov. — Portland, Mass. 

30 do — FHgate Comteihtiun 

30 do — Independence 7-) 

30 do — Furl. March 7, 1815 

30 do — Norfolk, Va. 

30 do — New-York 

30 do — IFrigatr Java 

30 do — J Brig Boxer 

24 Jan. 18 151 Frigate Guerriere 

3 Feb. - Sloop Erie 
11 March, — Fr. "United States" 

11 do — Brig Boxer 

9 Juue, 1811 Sloop Hornet 

1 Sept. — Fr. "United Slates" 

1 do — Sloop Ontario 

1 do — 'Sloop Hornet 

l Jan. 1312 Charlestown, Mass. 

1 do — j Boston 

1 do — Washington, with Dr 

Hunter. 

1 do — Frigate Constitution 

1 do — Brig Epervier 

18 June — Sloop Wasp 

9 Nov. 18 iS BrigEpl rvier 

9 do — p r . "United States 

14 May, 1814 Frigate Congress 

1 S^pt. — Ditto 

18 Nov. — Sloop Peacock 

30 do — Fr. " United States 1 ' 

30 do — Frigate Java 

30 do — Brig Epervier 

3 do — Philadelphia 

do - Ditto 

i Jan. 1815 Sloop Erie 

24 do — Independence 74 

13 Feb. — Brig Saranac 

16 Jan. 1809 Philadelphia 

1 Sept. 1811 (Frigate Guerriere 

1 Jan. 1812 Furl. Aug. 13, 13 \t 

18 June, — Frigat.- Constitutipn 

1 do 1815 Sloop Erie 



15 Nov. 
17 Dec. 
17 do 

17 do 
14 Feb. 

9 June, 
1 Sept. 
1 do 
1 do 
1 Jan. 
1 do 
1 do 

5 Feb. 

18 June, 
13 do 
13 do 
18 do 
18 do 
18 do 

1 Oct. 

4 March, 
20 Aug. 
33 Nov. 

do 
30 do 
10 do 

6 June, 

1 Jan. 
1 do 



o May, 
26 June, 
10 July, 
3 do 
3 do 

17 Oct. 



1809 Alexandria 
18!0isio6jS Wasp, 1811 
Frigate Constitution 
Furl. March 8, 1-315 
Boston 

Furl. June 9, 1815- 
Brig Enterprise 
Frigate Macedonian 
Fr. "United States" 
Frigate Constellation; 
Franklin 74 
Furl. Aoril 9, 18! 2 
Lake Fiie 
Furl. June 1?, 1815 
Sloop Argus, Feb. 1814 
Sloop Erie 
Furl. June 13. Sl.i 
Frigate Constitution 
Furl. April 7, 1815 
tit g Spark 
Ditto 

Lake Ontario 
Furl. May 24, ISIS 



Frigate Macedonia^ 
1 81 5] New Orleans 



Norfolk. Na. 
Furl. May 2, 18! A 



New-York 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Fr. Jj>hrx JL4B0bi J3fl 



9() NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1815. 



[Xa Dps and BanA*. 



-*<.'. ' INS-MASTWS. 
hvjrd 
Brown. F.'i 
Bluodgood, Abraham 
Binder, G«Wi 

Brim, t. Coilll lt»IS 
BrigKS, i.i'.l'Hcl R. 

Btki r, Nicholas 
Bran . l:--I*i> 

Passat, Li nes 
Bowk-, H-.nrv 
C 
Cmr. Jam* s E. 

CaU : ■ '•• adore 

Chambers, Thomas 
Carter. Jolui K. 

iUara 
Cox, Richard J« 
C«< • > r. Jh°v s T. /. I . 
Cuidwdl, Win. M. A L. 
C'.augh, John 
Ch»tnh?rlain; S. P. 
Collies, William 
CansJs r, William, 
Croft Gturw 

Dj.i; v. Linton 
li c -iy, Kiel aid 
I>,,v\, Biscoe 
Davis, George 
Dore, Marinadukc 
D f.-hbius. Daniel 
DJI, J. W. 
Dodge. Billy 
De )a ttocbr, Geo. F. 
Dorgau, A.V.ww 
Do wines, Bhubiil 
Dr. w. John 
Dutoston, William 

E 
Ellison, Francis H. 

F 
Ferris; J&natbaii D« 
Ford, Augustus 
Fisk, Squire 
Fleetwood, William 
Ferguson, James 

G. 
Gerry, Samuel R- 
Green, Williain 
GoJfitv, Thomas 

II 
Herbert, Joshua 
ttulburd, John 
Hutton, John S. 
Bamer<lev, Thomas 
Hciuv, Hti.>7 A - L ' 
Hallow?)!, George 
Hixon. Sain.i'l C. 
Hill, Henry D. 
Haller, Isaac 
"Hawksworlb, G. 1 . 
Hcanie, baae T. 

J 
.Tows. Edward 
Jennings, Nathaniel 
Joi;is, Daniel 
Jenkins, John By 
Johnston, Robert 
Johnson, William 

K 
Kingston, Simon 
Knox. Rob it 
Ken i pert S;l. titer 
Kitiv John 

L 
I. vr, Uriah 
; oo i . Joinrt 
L'iiii.." AleXattdV* 
Lowe, Vine i:t 
:.,.. ■■ : 
l. e, William 

M 
Mooncv, John 
Mall, /aeon 

M U ' • ''• ^r. 

;.; c ry, iUiam D, 
Moot.:, i rry 
M< a Lueas 
■> oi !l WiUiara 

«jab 
Molb y, Franri* 
Million!. Kichivd 
M'P»< i*oi», Hugh 

. *'.',lti-.).. F. 
Manlov , Da*w 
M'Lacwlm, 1'h^ui 



Dates of 
Commissions 



23 Feb. 
+5 April, 
25 June 

2 July 
9 D c. 

3 Julv, 
3 da 

1- Feb. 
18 April, 
Ictg. S. 



JfXfFe Stationed 



1813 
1314 
Mast. 



-1 Aug. 1307 
9 do IS 9 

4 Feb. li 12 
9 May 

5 do 
23 June 

9 July 

ii Mai-el^ 1813 

3 July 

S Jan". 1814 

3 Feb. 
29 March - 
17 Aug. - 



5 Jan. 

U Feb. 
24 j,:,,-, 
20 Juiv, 
29 Aug. 
If, S. pt. 
10 Ai)ril, 
3 July 
3 Aug, 

fT 

a I>< c. 

3Ai.nl 



1809 
1-1! 
181/ 



1814 
1815 



3 July 1813 

8 Feb. 1B09 
^8 March', 1810 

7 May, 1812 
7 do 

27 do, 1314 

17 Jan. 1809 
26 June, IB 12" 

18 Apiil, lol£ 



1807 
1509 



n;i: 



4 Aug. 
11 F<m 
24 do 
l! Jan. 

1 July, - 

5 D c. 

30 April, iei4 
16 June, - 

7 July 

Actg. S. Master 
•Vetg. S. Master 

&g Jan. 1809 
o March, 1812 

8 May, - 
■20 do 

10 May, 1813 

6 June 1815 

29 June, 1812 
5 July, 
D Oct. 
5 May. 1813 



1 Oct. 



1812 



17 March, I 

3; April, U 



12G9 
181'/ 



23 Jan. 
II Feb. 
14 July, 
16 Aug. 

I Aug. 

1 All". 

9. Jfov. 

% June, ,; . 
3 July, - 

3 do' 

i April, 13 

4 <!o 

2 1 May, - 

w my, - 



1812 
1813 



Philadelphia, 18 1 i 
Portsmouth, N. H. 
New- York 
Philadelphia 

e'harlesioWn Mass. 

Mew-York 

Ditto 

Furl. May 2, 1815 

Pl.ilah iphia 

Frigate Guerriere 

Boston 

Washington navy yard 

NVw-York 

Ditto 

New-London 

Norfolk, Virginia 

Ship Alert 

Frigate Congress 

New- York 

Brig Saranac 

St. IMary's, Georgia 

Charleston, S. C. 

Ditto 

Charleston, Sj C. 

New-Orleans 

Baltimore 

Ditto 

Washington 

Fake Erie 

Csrte-1 Perseverance: 

New-York 

Fori. April :4, 1815 

Norfolk, Va. 

Br.JSii-en. Sep. 1, 1813 

Furl \\tvil 18, 1315 

P!;!ladJphii 

Satkett's Harbor 

New- York 

Lake Ontario 

Philodelnii'ia 

Faitimor; 

Frigate Constellation 

Marbli head, Maine 
Lake Cbainplam 
Sloop Erie 

New-Orleans 
Brig Boxer 
Lake Ontario 
Frigate Coirstellation 
Sthoonc r loreh 
St. Mary'„, Georgia 
Furl. June 21. 1315 
Furl. March 30,1815 
Ctifiriestun, hi C. 
Ne-w-Yoyk Navy- Yard 
Furl. July 6, 1S15 

Charleston, S. C. 

New-York Navy Yard 

New -York 

Ditto 

Nnfolki Vn. 

New-Orleans 

Phllad Iphia 
Charl. -stown. Ma>s. 
Lake Oiitario 
Sdroonc^' Sfpitni'e 

Pbitedplpliia 

:v\«<-Yerk 
CartH AnalOfton 
Philadelphia 
I i.e Champlain 
Brig Spai-ls 

Wilmington, N. C. 

Furl. March 27, 1815 
Frigate Couiit'rfusiou 
Brig I'rornotht.'us 
Philadelphia 
St. Mm't, Georgia 
Furl. Jmie 1, 1815 
I'inl. March 11, 1815 
New-Ywk 
Phila-iUphia 
Newport, U. I. 
Philadelphia 
Cliarltsion,S. C. 



Names and Rank. 



S ULINu-r.rATEKS. 
Meyers. Steuben 
Miller, Win. 
M'Night, Wm. 
Maynadier, Daniel 

N. 
Nantz, John 
Nicolson, Wm. 
Nerthrop, Job 
Nichols, Thomas 

O. 
Owing!,, John C. 
Osgood, Joseph 

Phtpps, David 

Prentiss, Jabex 
P^ge, Lewis B. 
Potis, Jauu s B» 
Payne, Thomas 
Polk, Wm, W. 

R. 
Rogers. James 
Robins, Win. M. 
Rome), Edward 
Rinker, Samuel 
Rutter, Thomas 

S. 
Sountag, George S. 
Stevens, Joseph 
Smith, Horace 
Smith, Wm. P. 
Story, Thomas W. 
Slieed, Wm. W. 
Stoodley, Nathaniel 
Stelhvagen,D. S. 
Shoemaker, David Jr. 
Spilman, James 

Trant, James 
Taylor, James 
Tavlor, Joseph 
To'pham, Philip M. 
1 ew, Henry 
Tatem, Robert S. 
Terry, James 

J U. 

Uhick, George 
Y. 
Van Yoor his, Robert B. 
Vauglian, Wm. 
Verner, Henry 

^Y. 

Williamson, James Li 
Watts, Thomas 
Wilkinson, Henry 
Wilson, George M. 
Waldo, Charles F. 
Warner, John 
Wright, James B. 
White. John 
Williston, Joseph 
Warren, Nahum 
Worthingtpp, Henry 

Youafg, Edward L. 

BOATSWAINS. 

Adams, John 
Brown, William 
Berry, William 
Biigh, John 
Brigss,.John 
Bail, John 
Cannon, Jajwi N, 
Cunningham, VvVstly 
Dawson, John 
Eaton, Davi 1 
Evans, Benjamin 
Hv4^, George 
Hughes, James 
Henry, Win. 
Jenkins, Evans 
Keith, Wm. 
Littscot, Edward 
LoBgujl, John 
M'Clowd, John 3 
M'Cloud, Collin 
M'Fate, John 
Minzies, .Tames 
M'Nally, John 
Owling, George 
Roherts, Michael 
Smith, Thomas P.. 
Walton, Abraham 
Wood, John 

GUSTNEItS. 

Baker, John 



Dates of 
Commissions. 



Where Stationed 



Nov. 1814 
128 Jan. 1815 
Actg. S. Master 
Ditto 

7 July 1812 
4 Aug. 1313 
22 Jan. 1815 
Actg. S. Master 

15 Sept. 1806 

3 July, 1813 

1 Jan. 1801 

4 Feb. 180V 
9 March — 

24 July, 18,12 

Oct. — 

18 July, 1814 

6 April 18 10 
1312 
18 Nov. — 
3 Sept. 1813 
9 Nov. — 



4 Aug. 
3 May, 

17 July, 
26 Dee. 
7 April, 

5 May 
14 Aug. 
14 May, 
19 Oct. 

3 Feb. 



18 
1812 



1814 



18 Li 



10 April, 1799 

16 May, 1812 

24 July 

27 do 1 

23 March, 1 

21 July 

20 April, 1 



4 Dec. 1809 

18 Feb. 

.2 Aug. 1812 

5 Dec. 



4 Aug. 


1807 


9 Feb. 


1809 


1 Jan. 


1812 


24 July 


— 


10 March 


1813 


15 Sept. 


— 


19 Nov. 


— 


2 Dec. 


— 


26 Nov. 


1814 


6 Feb. 


1815 


2 May 


— 



Sloop Peacock 
Philadelphia 
Frigate Macedonian 
Brig Flambeau 

Baltimore 
Lake Erie 
Schooner Torch 
Frigate Congress 

New-Orleans 
Lake Ontario 

Newport, R.I- 
Norfolk, Va. 
Schooner Hornet 
Norfolk, Va. 
St. Mary's Geo. 
Brig Chippewa 

New-York 

harlestbwn, Mass* 
Sloop Hornet 
Philadelphia 
Ditto 

Philadelphia 
Ditto 
Baltimore 
Cartel Analostan 
Frigate "U. States 9 
Furl. March 2. 18 1 5 
Portsmouth, N. H. 
Lake Charnplain 
Furl. March 1, 13T5 
Furl. March 2, 131 j 

Schooner Nonsuch 
Mew-York 
Charleston, S. C. 
Newport, R. J- 
Lake Charnplain 
Sloi p Ontario 
Brig Firefly 

New-Orleans 

New- York Navy Yard 
Lake Ontario 
Charlestown, Mass. 

New Orleans 
Charleston, S. C. 
Lake Oiitario 
Furl. April 13, 13 ; 5 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Baltimore 
Brig Epervier - 
Independence 74 
Schooner Spitfire 
Washington navy yasd 
Furl. May 2, 1815 



9 May, 3 812 

21 March, 1803 

4 Feb. 1809 

20 do 1812 

Act. Boatswain 

Ditto 

Ditto 

8 May, 1802 

Act. Boatswain 

Ditto 

8 Au;. 1811 

Act. Boatswain 

1798 

1309 

U15 

IS 10 

1814 



1 1 May, 
18 Sept. 

20 Feb. 
2 May, 

21 Feo. 
29 March, IS .9 
Act. Boatswain 

1 Aug. 1809 
!7 March, 1812 
15 July, 1813 

1 Oct. 1814 
Act. Boatswain 

Ditto 
13 Nov. 1814 

5 do — 
17 Sept. 1813 

8 July, 1815 

15 June, 1314 



Gosport, Va. 

New -York 
Frigate President 
New -York 
Brig Epervier 
Schooner Torch 
Brig Ent« rprize 
New-Orleans 
Brig Spark 
Frigate Macedonian 
SI. Hornet, Aug. 1811 
Sloop Erie 
Furl. Sept. 28, 1305 
Nautilus, Sept. 18,1809 
Brig Sar.miic 
Norfolk', Va. 
SI. Argus, Feb. 27, 1814 
Gosport Navy yard 
Schooner Spitfire 
Independence 74 
Sloop Ontario 
Brig Sarauac 
Baltimore 
Brig Flambeau 
Frigate Guerriere 
Sloop Peacock 
Lake Ontario 
Charlestown, Mass. 
Franklin 74 

Lake Clmmpfeun 



KILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— NAVAL REGISTER. 



»i 



N~$<ncs ami Rank. 



OUXXKIIS. 
Barry, Thomas 
Bogman, James 
t'urri., Anthony 
Cosgrove , .latnes 
Conklin, Robert 
Ferris, John 
Foster, James 
Fair, John 
Fowler, William 
Hunt. Henry 
May, Charles 
Jackson, Geoff?) 
Johnson, Jphn 
Johnson, Win. 
Lala, Joseph 
Moor-, James 
Marshall George 
Myrick, J ! m 
Nelson, John 
Rodgers, Ma'thew 
Shannon. Clement 
Taylor, .William 
Wilson, J |j]'i '§; 

CAftPlSJfTERS. 
Brawn, :-'a uel 

Barnes, Breasted 
Davidson, Andrew 
Dei-merit, Peter 
Ewart, Horatio 
Fell, Robert 
Fuller, Zacclieiu R. 
Gedney, Jonathan 
Gates, William 
Hortsnan, David 
Holibrook, Samu.l F. 
Irish, Isaac 
Miller, George 
Nicholson Juhn 
Rodgers, Samuel 

Robertson, William 
Stephens, James 
Thomas, Richard 

SAIL-MAKSItS. 
Adams, Samuel P. 
Davidson, Robert 
Dodget, Samuel 
Edwards, William 
Hewitt, Thomas 
Landen, Wiiiiam 
Mankins, John 
Murphy, Henry 
Pierce, Samuel 
Smith, David 
Vauden, Bos Jacob 
Ware, Charles 



hates Of 
Commissions* 



2 July, 181-1 
Acting gunner 
28 June,, 1800 
30 do 1313 
Acting gunner 

3 Sept. 1813 
h April, 1815 

July. - " 

Acting gunner 

Ditto 

Ditto 

2 Feb. 1310 

6 May, 13 3 

Acting gunner 

Ditto 
1 March, lS'os 
IS July, 13,9 
8 Aug. 1811 
Acting guniii r 

17 Aug. 1312 
Acting gunner 

6 July, ISO 
Vcting gunne 

Act. carpenter 
Ditto 

18 Feb. 18:4 
Act. carpenter 

DUio 

6 June, 18.03 

12 April, 1815 

1 Aug. 1809 

Act. carpenter 

Ditto 
27 June, 1815 
Act. carpenter 

Ditto 
23 April, 1309 
17 Feb. 

Act. Carpenter 

Ditto 
22 Jan. 18H 




Frigate Gueniere 
Frigate Congress 
Furl. July 31, 1811 
Furl. June 8, 1315 
Sloop Ontario 
Sloop Frolic 
Fr. "United States" 
Frigate Java 
Frigate Gueniere 
Frigate Constellation 
Brig Flambeau 
Frigate Constellation 
Lake Erie 
Washington 74 
Schooner lurch 
Wilmington, N. C. 
Sloop Erie 
Schooner Spitfire 
Brig Epervler 
Independence 74 
Brig Spark 
Norfolk, Va. 
Brig Firefly 

Frigate Guerriere 
Brig Spark 

Frigate Congress 
Brig Enterprise 
New Orleans 
Fr. '-United States" 
Frigate Constellation 
Schooner Spitfire 
Sloop Ontario 
Brig Firefly 
Brig E per vier 
Independence 74 
Fr. "United States" 
Frigate President, Feb. 

.809 
Brig Enterprise 
Brig Flambeau 
Frigate Constellation 



Act. sail maker 
4 Jan. 13 4 
Act. sail maker 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 



Names and Rank. 



FIRST T.TF.UTKN'A 
F. B. D. Bellevu?, 

John R. Mont gill 
P. B. D. Grandpre 
Lyman Kellogg 
Samuel E. Watson 
Wm. L. Brovvniow 
Leonard J. Boone 
Thomas W. L -gge 
Win. H. Freeman 
Joseph L. Kuhne 
Henry Ok-ott 
Charles M. Broome 
B'enj, Richardson 
Francis B. White 
Wti. Nicoll 
Wm. L. Boyd 
Charles Lord 
Levi Twiggs 
Edmund Brooke 
John Harris 
Samuel B. Johnston 
SECOND I.IETJTTX., 
Henry Stevens, 
Thomas A. Linton 
Richard Vuchmnty 
Joseph Bosque 
James Edelen 
Christopher Ford, 
James J. Mills 
Francis A. Bond 
Park G. Howie 
George B. English 
Henry W. Kennedy 
Richard D. Green" 
Singleton Duvail 
Charles Snowdeni 
James G.SingHtary 
William F.Swift 
Gillies Thompson 
Edward S. Nowell 



Brig Flambeau 

Sloop Erie 
Frigate Guerriere 
Brig Spitfire 
Stoop Ontario 
17 Feb. 1309 Furi. June IS, 1810 



1 Aug. 
J8 April, 
Act. sail maker 

3 April, 1807 
\ct. sail maker 



Brig Argus, 1809 
Fr. ''United States" 
Brig Epervier 
Fr. Chesapeake, 1S07 
Independence 74 



MARINE CORPS. 



Names and Rank. 


Dates of 
Commissions 


TVlieve Stationed 


J/r. COL. 'COM'MAXDAN'T. 






Franklin Wharton 




7 March, 1804 


Hd. qrs. "Washington 


•MAJORS. 








Daniel Carmack 




7 do 1309 


New Orleans 


John Hall 




8 June* .1814 


Mediterranean 


CAPTAINS. 








Anthony Gale 




("24 April 1304 
(_ Brev. major 


£ Philadelphia 


Robert Greenleaf 




;9Jan. isu 


Head Quarters j 


Archibald Henderson 


1 April - 


Boston 


Richar* Smith 




C13 Mar. 18 U 
\ Brev. major 


I New- York 


Robert Wainwright 




19 Sept 1812 


ffhartestown, Mass* 


William Anderson 


No. 1 


13 June, 1814 


Boston 


Thomas R. Swift 


No. 2 


18 do 


Norfolk, Va. 


Samuel Miller 


No. 3 


<> 18 do 

~l Br^v. major 


^Head Quarters 


John Crabb 


No. 4 


C 18 June, ,18! 4 
C & paymaster 


I Ditto 


Henry H. Ford 


No. 5 


in June$ 18 1 4 


Philadelphia 


John M. Gamble 


No. 6 


18 do 


South Sea 


Charles S. Hanna 


No. 7 


:s do 


Portsmouth, N7 Hi 


. Alexander Sevier 


No. 8 


5 18 June, IS 14 
I Brev. major 


(On Furlough 


Alfred Grayson 


NO. <? 


£ (8 do 

t. And qr. inas 


fHead Quarters 


William Strong- 


No. 1C 


8 June, 1814 


Frigate Macedonian 


Jumes Heath 


No. r, 


18 do 


Frigate Java 


Samuel Bacon 


No. 12 


13 do 


York, Perils 


H. B. Breckenridge 


No. 3 


10 Dec. 


OnFurlmigh"$ 


William Hall 


No. f 


10 do 
io do 


Fr. "United Stilus 


Francis W. Sterne 


No. : 


• jtfew-York 



k. 






Da'C? ( 


t 


Where Stationed. 






Commissions. 




NTS 












No. 


1 


18 June. 


1315 


New.Orleans 


No. 


2 


18 


do 


_ 


Ditto 


No. 


3 


18 


do 


_ 


Ditto 


No. 


i 


18, 


do 


_ 


Sackett'a Harbor: 


No. 


6 


1 


do 


_ 


On Fm lough 


No. 


7 


18 


do 


— 


Sloop Hornet, 


No. 


y 


13 


do 


— 




No. 


9 


H 


do 


_ 


Frigate Constellation 


No. 


10 


18 


do 


— 


Ditto 


No. 


1 1 


18 


do 


— 


Frigate Guerriere 


No. 


\i 


18 


do 


— 


Frigate' U. States'* 


No. 


13 


i3 


do 


— 


New-York 


No. 


15 


13 


do 


— 


Baltimore 


No. 


ia 


18 


do 


— 


independence 74 


No. 


7 


13 


do 


— 


Head Quarters 


No. 


13 


18 


do 


— 


Ditto 


No. 


1<> 


18 


do 


— 


Ditto 


No. 


20 


8 


do 


— 


On Furlough 


Mo. 


2 


18 


dd 


— 


Frigate CongreH 


No. 


22 


18 


do 


— 


Frigate Guerriertf 






IS July, 


— 


Erie, Penn, 


AXTS. 










No. 




23 Feb. 


1815 


Head Quarter.* 


No. 


2 


2! 


do 


_ 


New-Orleans 


No; 


3 


28 


do 


— 


Head Quarters 


No. 


4 


23 


do 


— 


New Orleans 


No. 


5 


1 March 


— 


Frigate CougresA- 


No 


6 


1 


< o 


— 


Head Quarters • 


No. 


7 


1 


do 


— 


Sloop Ontario 


No. 


8 


I 


do 


— 


Htad Quarters 


No. 


9 


1 


do 


— 


Frigate Java 


No. 


!0 


1 


do 





Head Quarters 


No. 


11 


1 


do 


— 


Frigate Maee^oniati 


No, 


1 


1 


do 


— 


H ad Quarters 


No. 


13 


I 


do 


— 


Sloop Erie 


No. 


1. 


1 


do 


~ 


Head Quarters 


No 


15 


1 


do 


— 


Ditto 


No 


It 


I 


do. 


— 








i-2 


A pril 


— 


On Furlough 




1 9 May, 


— 


Head Quarters 



Comparative Heat. 

TABLE, shewing the degrees of heat at one p*c!oq& 
every day in the month of July, for the last six years, iib 
the city of Bnltimure.- Communicated fr the Patriot 1 





1810 


1811 


1312 1823 


1814 


1815 


July 


deg's* 


deg's. 


dsg*si deg's. 


deg'&t 


deg's. 


1 


75 


75 


71 86 1-2 


73 


86 


2 


76 


811-2 


75 86 


76 


85 1-2 


O 


75 


85 


78 1-2 86 1-2 


77 


37 


4 


77 


83 


84 82 


76 1-2 81 


5 


77 


88 


84 82 


81 1-2 80 


6 


79 


91 


85 S6 1-2 


86 


79 


7 


82 


90 


87 1-2 84 1-2 


82 1-2 


79 m 


8 


76 


85 1-2 


84 90 


78 1,2 


82 


9 


74 


88 


84 90 1-2 


78 1-2 


83 


10 


85 


85 1-2 


78 79 1-2 


79 


83 


11 


76 


85 1-2 


83 80 


79 


81 


12 


80 


76 1-2 


86 81 


75 


81 


13 


83 


80 


83 1-2 77 


74 


83 


14 


80 


78 


84 77 


t 5 


87 1-5 


15 


78 


80 1-2 


86 79 


80 


87 1-2 


16 


79 1-2 


83 


83 77 1-2 


84 


86 1-2 


17 


73 1-2 


83 


76 1-2 75 


84 


86 


18 


74 


79 1-2 


73 77 


79 


83 


19 


74 


79 


77 76 1-2 


79 


82 1-3 


20 


80 


81 


76 1-2 75 


78 


83 


21 


78 


80 


79 78 


77 


85 1-2 


22 


78 


81 


80 1-2 7o 


77 


86 


23 


78 


81 


78 73 1-2 


79 


89 1-& 


24 


75 


82 


76 1-2 74 1-2 


80 


90 


25 


77 1-2 


83 


77 1-2 75 


81 1-2 92 


26 


76 


79 


77 76.. 


77 


87 


27 


75 


79 


71 78 1-2 


78 


84 


23 


76 


75 


81 78 1-2 


75 1-2 S5 


29 


76 


80 1-2 


85 77 1-2 


76 


87 i.2- 


30 


78 1-2 


83 • 


83 1-2 75 1-4 


77 1-2 88 


31 


79 1-2 


85 


' 82 1-2 76 


80 


87 



2101 1.-2 2555. 2512 2459 1-2 2437 2$2S S 



92 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 18i 



5. 



Wilmington, Delaware, 

AXD ITS VICIMTY. 

The writers of this account of Wilmington, in 
the state of Delaware, and its vicinity, have for 
several years thought of publishing- something- of 
the nature of thepresent essay; But were prevented 
from attending: to it by their accustomed occupa- 
tion, which are adverse to literary pursuits — they, 
therefore, make no pretensions to any thing- but 
plain narration: and even what they now publish 
would probably never have existed, but that they 
were stimulated by the perusal of similar accounts 
of New-Haven and Pittsburg-— and, with the hope 
that the like influence may induce individuals in 
all the different towns of the United States, to 
bring forward materials from whence the futnre 
geographer or historian,, may select for more valua- 
ble and permanent works. They have only to add, 
that what is done has been done with care, as re- 
lates to the matter — the style was a secondary con- 
sideration — believing in the propriety of the senti- 
ment, that the "first qualification of a historian is 
truth." 

The state of Delaware, lying on the west side of 
the Delaware river, is 100 miles long, the medium 
breadth 24 miles, and contains (according to Carey) 
1, '200.000 acres. The population by the census of 
1810, was 72,674 persons. Three counties,- New- 
Castle, Kent and Sussex, comprise the whole state. 
New-Castle, the upper or most northern county, is 
divided into nine 1 hundreds, and at the aforesaid 
enumeration, contained 24,429 persons. Christi- 
ana, the most populous of these hundreds, had, at 
the same time, 5,776 inhabitants. It is hi this hun- 
dred that Wilmington is situated, N. lat. 39, 43, 18, 
long. 1,27, 31, with a population of 4,416 persons, 
exclusive of the adjoining village on the N. E. side 
of Brandywine creek, which consists of 50 houses 
and 300 inhabitants, making in the whole about 750 
houses and 4,716 persons. 

Wilmington lies 2 miles west of the Delaware ri- 
ver, where it is between 2 and 3 miles in breadth. 
On the south west it is bounded by the Christiana 
river, ^nd on the N. E. by Brandywine creek, sepa- 
rated at this point a measured mile. Brandywine 
is 40 miles long, and throughout its whole course is 
a fine stream and well adapted to water works; as 
the descent, in 2* miles of its course, is known to 
amount to 300 feet. Christiana, though a larger 
water opposite the town, is but 20 miles long,* and 
for one half of its course has a fine tide water; the 
remaining 10 miles has considerable fall, on which 
are erected various water works. Both these 
streams have large and valuable branches, particu- 
larly the Christiana, into whish White Clay and lied 
Clay creeks, and their various tributary streams, 
empty. 

Christiana is navigable to Wilmington for ships 
drawing 14 feet water; to Newport there is 9 feet, 
and to Christiana bridge, at the head of the naviga- 
tion, nine miles (by land) from Wilmington, 6 feet. 
The Brandywine admits of 8 feet water to the mills, 
where the navigation terminates. The main posl- 
road from the eastern to the southern states crosses 
the Brandywine on a hanging bridge of 148 feet 
chord, passes through Wilmington, bends off to the 
W. and S. W . ranges the northern bank of the Chris/- 
tiana, and continues southwardly. A branch of it 
crosses Christiana on a bridge of 600 feet long; and 
and i:i con'J-uied through the peninsula between 
the Chesapeake and Delaware bays. The last men- 



tioned bridge is built on piles, and has a draw of 
30 feet in width, to admit vessels to the towns 
above. Besides the roads mentioned, three stoned^ 
turnpikes leave Wilmington in a west, north west and 
north direction, and pass into Pennsylvania. By the 
Christiana is the nearest and most practicable route 
to the waters of the Chesapeake bay, and it is the' 
strenm by which the canal long since contemplated 
is to connect them with the Delaware. 

The scite of the town of Wilmington is a gently 
swelling hill, that rises on the south west from the 
Christiana, on the north east from the Brandywine, 
and south east from the junction of those two 
streams, to 109 feet. On the south west side of 
this hill the town is principally erected; on the 
worth east is the village of Brandywine, on both 
sides of the river. The two towns contain about 
750 houses, principally brick; 9 places of religious 
worship, a town house and an academy, in which 
the learned languages are taught: 21 Schools irl 
which at this time are 650 scholars. ■ 

At a medium distance of 2 miles from the centre 
of Wilmington a range of high lands, commencing 
on the bank of the Delaware east from the town, 
sweeps round to the south west point, and presents 
many beautiful, if not elegant prospects; through 
this range the Skilpot, the Brandywine, Mill creek 
and Christiana break and change the character ot 
the scenery. Different country residences, at dif- 
ferent elevations, from 150 to 250 feet above the 
tide water, are scattered over those hills, and add 
beauty to the neighborhood of the town, while they 
command an extensive and varieg-ated view of those 
higk lands, the interval between them and Wil- 
mington, the town, the courses and junction of the) 
rivers before mentioned, the flat lands through 
which they pass, the broad expanse of the Dela- 
ware and the shores of New Jersey clothed with 
wood, presenting a horizon as level almost as the 
ocean, for miles in length. 

The first house in Wilmington was erected about 
a century since. Its charter is dated in 1739. The 
government of the borough is vested in two bur- 
gesses and a council of 13 members. 

Having described the town and its immediate vi- 
cinity, we shall attempt an account of the cotmtry 
within the circuit of a few miles, noticing the va- 
rious improvements of which we can obtain cor- 
rect information. 

And first, on the Brandywine, in the 1 immediate 
vicinity of the town, are 14 mills for grinding grain, 
of 2 pair stones each, and capable of manufacture 
ing 500,000 bushels per annum; two blacksmiths' 
sh»ps; one tilt hamme»; one considerable establish- 
ment for making cotton and woollen machinery; two 
carding machines; 16 coopers' shops; and about 
90 houses of brick, stone or frame, 40' of which are 
within the borough of Wilmington- N E. from 
Wilmington, and two miles from the centre of the 
town, the Skilpot crosses the post road — on this 
stream there are two mills for grinding grain.— 
Proceeding south west, we come to the Brandy- 
wine; ascending it from the improvements before 
mentioned, in half a mile, we meet with a cotton 
mill of 700 spindles; half a mile further is a paper 
mill of two vats, and opposite to it is a snuff mill; 
one fourth 'of a mile further is a woollen manufacto- 
ry; beyond this about half a mile, is a large esta- 
blishment for making cotton and woollen machine' 
ry; and at about the same distance above, a cotton 
mill of 1500 spindles,* and a machine shop; oppo- 



" Pjjg^dime^l in a direct line.. — I&d. Ulu. 



* Between these two points the Brandywine ha2 
a fall of 40 feet in about one mile, almost unoccu" 
pied, and which is capable, if improved with jud£ 



NILBS' WEEKLY REGISTER— WILMINGTON, DEL. 



S3 



jiltt to these is a large building intended for .1 cot- 
ton mill. Advancing still up the stream, we arrive 
at a large cotton mill intended for several thou- 
sand spindles;f half a mile higher is a large esta- 
blishment for making gunpowder; and further on, 
about the same distance, is another for a like pur- 
pose; opposite to this last, is a large woollen cloth 
manufactory. Still going on about a mile, we ar- 
rive at a cotton mill of 600 spindles; a grist mill, 
barley mill and saw mill on the west side, and on 
the east side a woollen manufactory. 

To all these improvements appropriate buildings 
for the accommodation of the owners and workmen 
tire annexed, several of them in a handsome taste 
(or style) rendering a walk on the banks peculiar- 
ly agreeable to a person disposed to be pleased with 
a rudely variegated country, progressing in im- 
provement under the hand of industry and intelli- 
f;ence. Of all these improvements, those belonging 
o the Duponts are most worthy attention; as here 
a village lias grown up within a few years, in con- 
sequence of great exertions and the expenditures of 
i»uch wealth. 

As the Brandywine has a fall of upwards of 100 
feet in the four and a half miles above where 
the post road (before mentioned) crosses it, some 
years since a proposition was made for opening a 
canal to the top of the hill upon which Wilming- 
ton stands. Ha4 this been effected, there would 
have been fall and power sufficient to have driven 
50 mills, each of 1,000 spindles, within the bounds 
of the borough. But though $$30,000 would pro- 
bably have completed this work, it was not execu- 
ted, nor can we expect it will be, as the improve- 
ments below the intended junction forbid it. 

Although the works on the Brandywine already 
mentioned, include 36 water wheels, there is pow- 
er of water and fall sufficient remaining for nearly 
an equal number within five miles of Wilmington.* 

On the west side of Brandy wine, near Dupont's ma- 
nufactory, a small stream comes in, that drives 
a cotton mill of 600 spindles, leaving a fall unoccu- 
pied of equal power. Continuing to progress south- 
westwardly, at one and an half miles from Wilming- 
ton, we meet with Mill creek — this stream drives 
a saw and grist mill. The next in order, 6 miles 
on the post road, is Med Clay creek, discharging its 
waters into White Clay creek (each so called from 
the color of the clay found on their banks) a branch 
of Christiana. Redclay is a lively stream, passing 
through a hilly country, abounding in springs and 
falls of water, and gives power to many establish- 
ments for various purposes, \\%. 7 mills for grind- 
ing grain, 6 saw mills, 2 cotton mills, 1 slitting 
mill, 1 snuff mill, and 1 woollen manufactory. 

ment, of driving 20,000 cotton spindles; or other 
machinery, requiring equivalent power. 

f Opposite to this building is the foundation of a 
large woollen manufactory erected by a father for 
Jiis amiable and agreeable son, who had spent thr ee 
years in France to acquire a knowledge of the wool- 
len business: but how uncertain "are human hopes! 
a few months after his arrival consigned him to 
the silent grave, and with him the fond hopes of 
his parents, and the expectation that his informa- 
tion would become serviceable to his country. 

*When we speak of the power of the Brandy- 
wine to drive water- works, we mean the average of 
the whole season- A few years have occurred in 
the last twenty-five, when the* supply of water for two 
months has been much under this average; but for 
two thirds of every year the force of this stream 
f is at least double what we have c^cuMed from, 



Jiurrows* Run, a branch of this creek, drives stvfc 
ral saw mills and one grist mill 

Stanton is a sina.l village 6 miles from Wilming- 
ton, on the S. W. post road, situate between While 
and Redclay creeks. Mill creek, a branch of White 
Clay, passes through this village, and drives one 
woollen and two cotton manufactories, two grist 
mills, an oil and saw mill. White Clay creek sue 
ceeds, a powerful stream, crossing the post road 
7 miles from Wilmington, and within the county 
of New Castle; and drives 8 mills for grinding grain, 
1 cotton manufactory, 1 paper mill, 2 saw mills and 
1 glazing mill. 

The village of Christiana, 9 miles from Wilming- 
ton, at the head of the tide water of Christiana river, 
succeeds. This is an important place as a depot 
for goods transporting east or south, as it offers 
the shortest land carriage between the bays of Dela- 
ware and Chesapeake, of 11 miles only. Christiana 
river drives 7 mills for grinding grain, and 2 saw 
mills. 

Completing our semi-circle we arrive at Nerv 
Castle, on the banks of tne Delaware, 6 miles from, 
Wilmington, This town contains about 1000 inha- 
bitants; the houses mostly brick, and 'here the 
courts for the county are held. The scite of the 
town is a handsome bank of the Delaware, where it 
is about 3 miles broad; below, the river spreads, 
bends to the eastward, and is in view ibr 20 miles. 
Like Christiana, New Castle is an important place 
of depot and transport between the east and south. 
One steam-boat and two packets ply between this 
town and Philadelphia. 

The country over which we have now travelled in 
our circuit round Wilmington, is generally high, 
healthy and well peopled. But, except the em. 
banked lands, little of it will be estimated above 
2d or 3d quality soil originally, and much of it has 
once been, and some still is, poor. Industry and 
intelligence, however, obliges the "churlish soil'* 
to yield tolerable crops of grain and grass, more 
especially within the borough, where the system of 
manuring has rendered the earth fertile. 

It is generally believed (at least by the inhabi- 
tants) that Wilmington is a healthy situation; and 
the fact of their having been found within the bo- 
rough, (in 1794) 152 persons of and above 60 year's 
of age, when probably the whole population did 
not exceed 3000 persons, seems to corroborate the 
opinion. In the note annexed some interesting 
matter will be found under this head.* 



*Wilmington is situated in Christiana hundred, 
the population of which in 1810, was as follows: 
10 & under. 10 to 16: 16 to 26: 26 to 45: above 45: total: 
Males 898 397 551 603 397 2,846 
Females 838 441 651 597 403 2,930 



1736 838 1202 1200 800 5,776 

The children under ten years of age in this state, 
ment, are at the rate of 30 per cent of the whole 
population, or almost one third of the whole; the 
persons over 45 years are at the rate of 14 per ct. 
of the whole. Talcing the population of Wilming- 
ton at 4,416 persons, the number of children of 10 
years of age and under, are 1327; add one half of 
those of 10 and under 16, and we have 1658 chil- 
dren about two-fifths of whom are schooled, two- 
fifths are probably two young for that kind of edu- 
cation, and one-fifth not schooled regularly. Three 
persons now reside in Wilmington, members of the' 
same family, whose ages amount to 240 years.- 



94 KILES 1 WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1815. 



The number of children at school j in this town 
ami at Brandyuhic, in the year last past (1814) were 
as follows: 168 twirls, in five schools for that se* 
only; 131 boys in four schools for males; 31^ chil- 
dren in eleven schools for the two sexes; and 34 
children of color in one school — making a total of 
050 children. 

The different religions sects in "Wilmington live 
In harmony, knowing- that they are not accountable 
to man for their opinions, and that worship is en- 
tirely five. All occasion of difference is taken 
away, and the Presbyterian and Methodist, the Epis- 
copalian and Quaker, the Baptist and the Catholic, 
associate together without envy and without fear. 
Their places of worship are as follows; 
Methodist, white 1 — colored 2 .3 

Presbyterians . . . ,2 

Baptists . . , . .2 

Friends or Quakers . ... 1 

^Episcopalians . , .. . ,- 1 



Total 9 

The following' societies for civil purposes exist 
in Wilmington- 

A library company, books about 1QQ0 volumes; a 
lmmane society for the recovery of persons appa 
rently dead by drowning; a female society for the 
relief and employment of poor women; a female so 
ciety for the distribution of soap and clothing; three 
iire companies, with fire engines, ladders, &c; one 
school society for assisting colored and other poor 
children in their education. 

The banking establishments in Wilmington are — 
The Bank of Delaware, capital $110,000 

The Wilmington and Brandy wine Bank, 

capital . . . 120,000 

And a branch of the Farmers' Bank of 

the state of Delaware, capital unknown 

"Wilmington is w T ell supplied with every article 
Accessary to comfort, whether foreign or domestic. 
"We have two markets weekly, and the ready com- 
munication with Philadelphia and Baltimore, sup- 
ply all that luxury demands. 

The prices at present (5th month, May 1815) in 
pur markets, for food, is about as follows: 

per lb. 

Flour, superfine, $4A per cwt. cents 4 

Indian corn, 70 a T5cts. per bushel 1 1-3 

. Beef i ■ ... 8 a 12 

Veal . , . 6 a 8 

Mutton . . . . 6 a 8 

Pork . • 8 a 12 

Butte? 15 a 25, cheese 12 a 20 ct£. 

P tta oes 50 a 75 cts. per bush. 

The various mechanical business carried on in 
■Wilmington and at Brandywinc are indicated by 
the following statement of their different estab- 
lishments: millwrights, 20 hands; coopers, 22 shops; 
blacksmiths, 8 shops; machine makers for cotton 
»nd woollen, 5 shops; millers (when business is ac- 
tive) 28 to 35 hands; shoemakers, 19 masters; tay- 
lors, 9 masters; carpenters, 6 do.; carriage makers, 
3 shops; wheelwrights, 3 shops; cabinet makers, 6 
shops; rope-yards 2; ship-carpenters, 2 yards; sad- 
dlers, 3 shops; breweries 2; druggists 4; turners, 
2 shops; tanneries, 6; curriers, 4; skinner,!; print- 






-|Thc price of tuition varies in our schools with 
the abilities, reputation and patronage of the tu- 
tors; from 10 to 32$ per annum is paid for educa- 
tion alone. Jn our boarding schools, where there 
pre usually 60 girls, the price of tuition is 156$ per 
annum. There are a considerable numher of chil- 
dren schooled in Wilmington by charity. 



ing offices,* 3; book-binders, 5 shops; tinners, 4 
shops;— coppersmiths, 1 shop;— hatters, 6 shops;--, 
board-yards,, 3; potteries 2; air furnace, 1; watch- 
makers, 4 shops; silver-smiths 3; pump-makers 1; 
brass-founder, 1 ; gunsmith, 1; stocking-weaver, 1; 
weavers, 6; tallow-chandlers, 3; tobacconists, 3 — 
Many of the houses in the principal streets of Wil- 
mington are made use of as stores, in which the 
following articles of American manufactures were 
to be had last year, as the writer knows by person- 
al enquiry, and it is presumed the quantity and va- 
riety has rather increased than diminished, as he 
was assured that almost every week brought for- 
ward some new artiele. 

Andirons of brass and iron, shovels and tongs, 
brass and iron tops; bed-screws and Wood screws 
of all descriptions; plane bitts and planes of all 
lands; screw augurs, axes and hatchets; tutania la- 
dies and spoons, and iron ladles; box coffee mills; 
bellows, brass and iron pipes; waggon boxes and 
hollow ware, of all kinds; shovels and spades; mill/ 
cross cut and frame sawsj girth and straining-web- 
bing; spikes, nails, tacks and sprigs of all descrip, 
tions; whitened and brass knobs and coach makers 
ware generally, plated and plain; shoe knives, stu- 
mps and bridle bitts, plated and plain; window 
glass of all kinds; white and red lead; lithrage, 
spirits turpentine; linseed oil; Spanish brown and 
yellow ochre 5 ground and dry; painting brushes and 
other brushes generally; trace, chains and other 
chains: shoemaker's hammers; . carpenters rules; 
brass candlesticks; patent lamps; straw knives and 
window bolts; glass paper; drawing knives; iron 
squares; frying-pans; currying combs; horn combs and 
whet stones; lamp black; stone jugs; iron and stee} 
shovels (called Devonshire shovels) and ditching 
shovels;, nail and spike gimblets; grid irons, grid- a 
dies and roasting pans; weights of all kinds; house, 
horse and sheep bells; sad irons; masons trowels and 
stoves of all kinds; some American files, and may 
be had in plenty, but their quality not sufficiently 
ascertained, Although the variety here enumerated 
is very considerable, new articles are coming- for-, 
ward daily, and it is probable will not be long untill 
we can add locks of all kinds; butt and I1L hinges and j 
some other important articles that are yet wanting 'J 
Window glass is now made in large quantities by 1 
various glass works, bottles and vials of American I 
manufacture are common; flint glass of a beautiful '<% 
quality and in, considerable quantities, is made in 
Pittsburg and brought to the Atlantic states; oils, 
of mint, sassafras, worm and penyroyal and castor-;! 
nitrous and sulphuric acid; all. mercurial prepara- 
tions; rectified spirits; pearl and potash; saffron; 
gold leaf; magnesia; sal nitre; spice and tinctur 
bottles; sugar of lead; glaubcr salts; soda; vol. spi- 
rits; hartshorn; tartar emetic; teeth brushes; s) 
1'jng-es; teeth drawing instruments, &c. of American; 
produce and manufacture, are to be found in our 
druggists' shops. 

By the census of 1810, the county of New Cas : 
tie contained 24,449 inhabitants. The poor of this, 
county are provided for in a house within the bo-! 
rough of Wilmington, built of stone 120 feet long 1 ] 
40-feet broad and three stories high; in a health 
and Beautiful situation. 

The number of paupers for the last 7 years, h 
averaged 85, and the cost of their maintenance \v 
4,285$ per annum; or 50g a year for each pauper.f 

*Tvvo of the printers each publish/a scmi-weck- 
ly paper. 

fThis is something less than 3£ persons to eacH 

l,0y0 inhabitants, it wouldhavc been satisfactory 



N1LES' WEEKLY REGISTER— WILMINGTON, DFI 



».> 



For several years past there has been a progres- 
sive rise in the pHce of eatables purchased in our 
in irkets. When the war took place, it seemed rea- 
sonable to conclude that, as a large proportion of 
the flour, grain, beef, pork, butter, cheese, &c. &c. 
which had usually been exported, would be retain- 
ed in the country, the prices of all those articles 
would decline, and, indeed, .\dl very low. On the 
contrary, the farmers who have attended our mar- 
kets steadily, have never seen a time when beef, 
pork, veal, poultry, butter, eggs, cheese, &c. com- 
manded as high prices. It then appears, that the 
cause is to- be looked for in some circumstances 
not connected with the war, and nothing appears 
more obviously the occasion of this progressive rise 
and high prices, than, 1st. the great increase with- 
in a few years of nominal money (bank notes); and 
2dly, the introduction of sheep so generally into that 
portion of country that would otherwise have sup- 
plied beef and other meats. From the best ac- 
count the writer could obtain, there were, in the 
year 1814, in the. hands of 21 farmers in the vicini 
ty of Wilmington, 4,300 sheep, viz. 745 merinos 
2,317 of mixed breeds, and 1,239 common. If we 
take into view all the farmers in a circle of twelve 
miles round this town, who attend our markets, it 
is a reasonable supposition that there are at least 
6000 sheep within that circle of country, from which 
the food of the inhabitants of Wilmington is usual- 
ly drawn; and, perhaps, it will not be unreasonabl 
to suppose, that there are that number beyond 
those in that space 10 years ago. Now, 6,000 
sheep will consume as much food as 1,000 oxen 
equivalent to more than half a million of pounds 
of beef; and, as few of those sheep have been brought 
into our market, it is presumed, the necessity of a 
supply of beef has occasioned an increased de- 
mand for other kinds of meat — hence a rise of the 
price in beef from its scarcity, and of pork, veal, 
mutton, poultry, &c. from the increased consump- 
tion. Another cause may, also, with great proprie- 
ty, be added — the increased number of laborers and 
workmen; first, to erect the buildings for the dif- 
ferent manufactories that have grown up within 
10 years; and, secondly, the manufacturers them- 
selves, all of whom were to be fed from the circle 
of country upon which the t,own depended. This 
state of things will probably experience a change 
from the progressive advancement of agriculture, 
and the natural high prices to draw in a larger ex- 
tent of- country to participate in those prices. But 
in the article of fire wood, a great advance has ta- 
ken place in the last 30 years, and we may expect 
a continued rise until coal shall be more generally 
used, or much more economy employed in the con- 
sumption of fuel; for, as the number of the inhabi- 
tants of our towns increase and manufactures that 
require fuel are introduced, the woods of the neigh- 



to the writers if they could have conveniently ob- 
tained the documents necessary to exhibit a state- 
ment of the general taxes of the state for seven 
years, but as that could not be done without more 
exertion than it was convenient for them to make, 
they have been obliged to content themselves with 
the official accounts for 1810 and 1811, which ex 
hibit as follows: 

state tax: county tax: poor tax: road tax: 

1810, 12,324 67 18,603 50 11,468 92 11,748 59 

1811, 14,543 91 28,967 78 12,335 52 16,318 85 

Total, $126,302 74 
Which is at the rate of 173| cents to eacli indivi- 
dual in the state; population at 72,674 persons. 



borhood diminish and the expense of transportation 
is increased. 

I^ess than thirty years since, oak fire wood was 
more readily procured at from 175 to 200 cents per 
cord than it now is at 000; which exhibits the iic% 
cessity of increasing econony in the use of it, and 
the introduction bfcoai or turf; of which latter ar- 
ticle it is said great quantities may be had in New- 
Jersey nearly opposite to the town. Our coal must 
come from Virginia, unless discovered within cart- 
ing distance, of which there is a feeble hope enter- 
tained, grounded on reports that specimens have 
been discovered in various places within 10 to 15 
miles. 

With respect to the general health of Wiimhg- 
ton and its vicinity, it is expected to introduce 
some statements and observations which, it is pre- 
sumed, will be found interesting-, and tlse wri- 
ter would be gratified had he the means of en- 
tering into comparisons with other towns of the 
United States, as regards health and longevity. — 
One general remark may be made as regards length 
of life in America, on which great prejudice, or 
great error and misinformation appears to exist — 
the result, perhaps, of the closet speculations of 
some European system builders: 

An European traveller examining into our popula- 
tion, may be surprised, perhaps, to find so few old 
persons, compared with the countries he has visited; 
and hence, he may be led to conclude that animal 
life is deteriorated in the "nexo •ivorld,'" "recently 
emerged from, the ocean.'''' But he ought also to re- 
flect how small was the root a century since from 
which such a weight of years could arise. For if 
ih 1753, (but 62 years since) the population of all 
the British colonies in America, amounted to but 
600,000 individuals, what g-ood reason could he ex- 
pect that we should now possess an equivalent 
proportion of ancient persons for 8 millions of in- 
habitants that countries in Europe do, whose popu- 
lation has been full, and varied little for two centu- 
ries? If we carry our views back full 100 years, we 
shall, perhaps, find that what is now the United 
S':ates, did not, at that period, contain more than 
300,000 individuals. It is true, that a great num- 
ber of persons have emigrated to this from foreign 
countries since that time; but if we admit these 
emigrants to amount to ten thousand a year, for a 
century, still it would be improper from thes< a 
sources to expect as full a proportion of length of 
life as may with propriety be looked for ih countries 
whose lands have been long cleared, their institu- 
tions perfected, and their population full. 

SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES. 

Recapitulation of the -water-works noticed. 
Mills for grinding grain, of 2 pair stones each 44 
Cotton mills calculated for 19,000 spindles _■ 13 
Woollen manufactories 6 
Saw mills 15— paper mills 2— snuff mills 2— 19 
Machine shops (for making cotton and woollen 
machinery) with a wheel, each driven by wa- 
ter . • • » 4 
Gunpowder mills 2— wheels . . .6 
Pearl barley mill ... 1 
Rolling and slitting mill . . . 1 
Fulling mill (besides those attached to woollen 

manufactories) . . . 1 

Wool carding mills fbr domestic purposes 2 

Oil Mill . ... • • - 1 

Ghvzing and pressing mill . . 1 



Total, . . .99 

The most distant of the above mentioned esta 

blishments from Wilmington does not exceed 9 



96 NILES' WEEKLY RECxISTER-SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, l»l#. 



miles. Their worth, independent of capital em- 
ployed in the various processes, may be safely esti- 
mated fft $500,000. 

[The editor's thinks this valuation greatly short 
of what it should be.] 

On the subject of the rapid growth and exten- 
sion of the. cotton and woollen business in the Uni- 
ted States, we may mention, that a few weeks since 
persons from various neighborhoods around Wil- 
mington, met at the house of the writer of this 
note, and, conversing- on this matter, they could, 
from their own personal knowledge, name thirty ma- 
nufactories for either wool or cotton, within twen- 
ty miles, Many of them are small, it is true; but 
if the business is supported, will be extended. 

Intelligent persons have doubted the propriety 
of introducing- large manufacturing establishments 
into the United States, on account of their moral 
and physical effects upon the persons employed in 
them, Leaving this question for abler writers, we 
shall here only notice the advantages that might 
arise, in a pecuniary point of view, from bringing 
into complete operation the whole number of cot- 
ton and woollen manufactories we have mentioned. 
Ic is well known, that in this country, (generally, it 
is presumed) children.; from their birth until they 
are of an ag-e to go into apprenticeships (say 14 or 
16) render little service to their parents: this is 
more especially the case in towns. But it is this 
description of persons who are required in cotton 
and woollen works, and their wages vary from $1 
25 to $2 50 cents per week. 

Taking $2 as the average weekly allow- 
ance for each person, and reckoning 
on 19,000 cotton spindles at 20 children 
to each 1000, will give us, for 45 weeks 
of the year, . . , $34,200 

And for 6 woollen mills, by the same rule, 

for 120 children, 
One hundred children setting cards, at 
ten cents per day, for 300 days, is 



be estimated at less than thirty thousand dollar* 
per annum. 

A card making establishment on improved prin- 
ciples was brought into operation in Wilmington in 
1814, that employed more than 100 persons, men, 
women and children. 

The streets of Wilmington run parallel and at 
right angles with each other, their direction nearly 
N. E. and S. W- and N. W. and S. E. 

There still remains within the borough a place 
of worship erected by the Swedes, who were the 
first settlers on the Delaware; the date of its erec- 
tion, as appears by iron figures- attached to the 
wall, is 1698. 

Mails for the eastern and southern states close 
every day in Wilmington; one for the peninsula, be- 
tween the Delaware and Chesapeake, three times a 
week, and for other places at other times. Two, 
and sometimes more stages, pass through the town 
to and from Philadelphia and Baltimore every day; 
one comes from and returns into the peninsula thrice 
a week; one to and from New Castle every day^ 
and four leave the town, six times in the week, for 
Philadelphia. Three packets belong to the town 
that trade to Philadelphia, and a steam-boat is rim- 
ing- in part of a line of steam-boats and stages from 
Baltimore, through Elktqn, Christiana Bridge and 
Wilmington, to Philadelphia. 

The main post and turnpike road from Philadel- 
phia, westward, crosses the Brandywine, about 25 
miles above Wilmington; from that point there is 
300 feet of fall to the tide water; this being but 
about one half the length of the stream and several 
valuable branches entering into the main river. — 
From what is already known, it is presumed that 
not less than 150 water works for various purposes 
are erected on them. 



3,000 



48,000 
>rhich is a large sum for a small district of countr}', 
obtained from a class of citizens who have generally 
yielded little or nothing to the community. 



To obviate, in some degree, the disadvantages 
that a long- continuance of children in manufacto- 
ries is likely to produce, from a want of education 
and a knowledge of those domestic arts and corn- 
ier, ts that seem almost essential to future welfare; 
besides the liability they are subjected to of a con- 
tamination of their morals, — we take the liberty 
of suggesting the propriety of an interference of 
legislative authority to oblige the owners of manu- 
facturing establishments to provide a certain por- 
tion of literary education for the children they em- 
ploy, and hat no apprenticeship, to the cotton spin- 
ning merely, shall exceed four years. To compen- 
sate the manufacturer for the expense that would 
nrccs.s.u-ily arise from such a provision, his miil- 
pi-operty might be exempted from taxation, and his 
workmen from military service. 

It is not a little surprising to what importance a 
business that a few, very few years since, was un- 
known in this place, has grown up— we mean the 
machine-making business for woollen and cotton, 
fn the year 1814, the five shops in Wilmington and 
at Brandywine employed 64 .hands — four other shops 
Within a few miles of the town kept 44 hands in 
employment. The wages of these persons cannot 



Wilmington receives a principal part of ks water 
10,800 for drinking and culinary purposes by means of 
pipes from two springs; one within the town and 
one without the borough. The water is good. 

A view from the town-house of Wilmington pre- 
sents a rich and variegated scene; from east to, 
south the eye ranges over the fiat lands and mean- 
derings of the Christiana, Brandywine and Skiipot; 
the Delaware, enlivened by vessels, and the sombre 
woods of New Jersey; in every other point the scene 
is enriched by a perpetual succession of hills and 
vallies, clumps or bodies of wood, orchards, farm- 
houses, gentlemen's seats of different character and 
materials, and at very different elevations. 



Though the neighborhood of Wilmington abounds 
in high lands, in some parts hilly and broken, we 
have few mineral substances to notice. 

The rocks oyer which our rivers fall at the head 
of the tide, we believe to be of the hornblende 
species, of various character; decomposed felt spar, 
graphic granite and mica, are occasionally met 
with. But the most valuable material of the mine- 
ral kingdom known to abound in this neighbor- 
hood, is a very fine clay, much in demand for glass 
works; and for that purpose is transported every 
year to New Jersey, the eastern states, and Pitts- 
burg and its' neighborhood, in considerable quanti- 
ties. The principal bed of this material is in the 
river Delaware, near New Castle, under tide water. 
But valuable clays abound on the Christiana, "White 
and lied Clay creek and Brandywine; and which 
may, at no distant period, furnish a principal ingre- 
dient in important manufactures of American por- 
celain. 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— WILMINGTON DEL. 



9f 



The owners of the Brandy wine mills have nine 
sloops o? from 40 to 60 tons* burthen, that are em- 
ployed in the business of the mills. 

The first mill below the post road on the Eran- 
dywine was erected about the year 1759. 



The exports from the district of Delaware have 
for many years been inconsiderable. Heavy losses 
sustained" by our merchants during- the wars of the 
French revolution, and the vicinity of Philadelphia, 
where commercial business can be carried on with 
greater facility, may be assigned as the causes 
why the trade to foreign countries is at so low an 
ebb. 

The exports of this district (and nearly the whole 
from "Wilmington) for the year 1811, was — 
Domestic articles . . §76,945 

.Foreign do. . . . 11,678 



Total 



)M 



The tonnage of the district for the year 1810. 
was 8,192. 



On THE PRO B ABILITY OF HUMAN LIFE, IX THE MID- 
DLE STATES, PARTICULARLY AT WILMINGTON IN THE 
STATE OF DELAWARE, AND ITS VICINITY. 

That there are regions where diseases of various 
appearances and names are more common, or more 
fatal, than in others, is a fact of which, we presume, 
there can be very little doubt* yet, it is almost as cer- 
tain that, on this subject, a great body of prejudice 
exists. Opinions embraced in youth, especially those 
in favor of our own country, are eradicated with 
difficulty ; henGe we behold, in many writers, the 
most absurd contradictions, and in travellers uncon-. 
querable prepossessions, denouncing large sections 
of the earth for blemishes that, if they exist at all, 
are local, and justly applicable to confined districts 
only : innumerable examples might be adduced, but 
the most general prejudice, of this nature, - is, per- 
haps, that of the northern, or cold, climates being 
the pre-eminent residence of health and long life. 
These erroneous ideas seem to have been early in- 
terwoven in the minds of northern Europeans ; and 
the same distempered fancy strongly operates, at 
present, in many parts of the United States ; so that 
if the truth be made known, if it be declared that 
as much, or more, good health and long-evity prevail 
to the south of the Hudson as to the north of it, 
that truth would scarcely be credited; yet such, we 
idoubt not, is the fact. 

It would not be difficult to point out some of the 
causes that have served to create and nourish those 
prejudices; but the limits prescribed to this essay 
<lo not permit a full discussion, in this place. Suf- 
fice it to say, that heat is the principle of life aud 
strength (as it may be of destruction) and, that, 
when unaccompanied with extraneous and poisonous 
matter, it is seldom found, on any part of our globe, 
in a degree injurious to the human species : thus 
we see the Spaniard is a superior being to the Lap- 
lander ; so is the Carib, the Creek or Cherokee, to 
the Esquimaux ; and it is from these children of 
ixature, qh whom the elements have their fullest 



effect, that our conclusions should be drawn, as to 
the influence of climate on the body. It is true, 
that much perfection is often found in cold coun-f 
tries; but it is found because heat ia created and 
maintained by artificial means. 

It therefore appears safe to conclude, that in 
every climate, where man is furnished with sufficient. 
warmth, takes proper exercise, and is supplied 
with plenty of food that is palatable to him) he 
may enjoy that degree of health and longevity which. 
is Compatible with his nature ; though, as* before 
mentioned, there are local properties which, joined 
to manners, give some, districts a decided advantage 
over others ; but that those properties are not 
marked by the degree of latitude, nor always by 
the temperature of the air, 

How far the favorable requisites are possessed at 
Wilmington and its vicinity, embraced in the fol- 
lowing statements, the diligent enquirer may be 
enabled to determine. But/it should be premised, 
for the consideration of the European, especially, 
that with the same degree of health in the United. 
States as in Europe, there ought not to be at pre- 
sent, near so great a proportion of old persons here 
as there, where the population has long been nearly 
stationary. For example, let the age required be 
eighty years : tne n, a country which eighty years 
ago had seven millions of inhabitants, and has about 
the same number, at present, should now have seven 
times as many people of eighty years old as are in 
the United States; because, 89 years ago, there wa§ 
not here a stock of more than one million (probably 
not near so many) from which they could be drawn: 
And such ought to be the disproportion betweon 
this and the old settled countries, were it not for 
two reasons ; first, because we have received more 
emigrants from abroad, who had previously attained 
mature age ; and secondly, as it respects the eastern 
and middle states, because many of the youth and 
middle aged remove to the south and west, 
where, for the same reason, the proportion of old 
persons is smaller than here. Yet, on the whole, 
such an old settled country should have, in propor- 
tion to their numbers, several times as many octo- 
genaries. as we. 

In some countries, the long establishment of cer* 
tain associations, and the official reports of proper 
officers, render the subject of which we are treating 
comparatively, easy ; but in this, wliere, exceot m 
cities, no general account is kept; and where, from 
the nature and variety of our religiousunstitutions 
and our emigrating habits, the object is more diffi- 
cult to obtain than in any other civilized nation 
we must, at least for some time, be contented\vith 
the few scraps that individual industry mav pro, 
duce. * 

Twenty years ago, wlien the borough of<Wii m j nr „ 
ton contained about three thousand inhabitants in 
account was taken of the names and ages of such 
of them as exceeded sixty years old; these were 
found to be one hundred and fifty-two in number 
viz. 74 males and 78 females, and a record has been 
kept of the decease of such of them whose death 
has been ascertained, amounting to 112— fifteer 
removed into distant parts of the country, and we 
have no account of them ; and twenty-five are 
known to be living. We give the following list and 
record shewing the. lot <jf each individual m th* 
order recorded, viz. 



m 


2 3 




/lv.L.1 


KHiljrl 


dilR — C 


l A'l'Ui| 


iJJA\ 


(-3* 




tisia. 




1 


-3 


J* 


g' 


1 


h 




& 2 


a 
£. 


s .3' 

Si, s 


0^ "^ 

ft. -§• 




ft 
ft. 

OS 






1* 


o 




O 


CC *:. 


1 


00 


h- 4 


if 


ft 

ci 


CO 

I** 


«3 


co «i 


ft 


OO 


61 


Living- 




81 


65 


Died 


65 




71 


Died 


77 




ox 
61 
61 
61 


Uncertain 






65 


Died 


66 




71 


Died 


72 


■ 


Died 


73 




66 


[Jncerlain 






72 


Died 


78 | 




Living* 




81 


66 


Died 


72 




72 


Died 


79 




61 


Living- 




81 


66 


Living 




86 


72 


Died 


76 \ 


' 


61 

61 


Uncertain 






66 


Died 


82 




72 


Died 


75 ' 




Died 


78 




66 


Living 




86 


72 


Died 


89 ! 


61 
61 


Uncertain 






66 


Died 


70 




73 


Died 


86 1 


Living- 




81 


67 


Died 


73 




73 


Died 


86 


61 


Uncertain 






67 


Living 




87 


73 


Died 


82 




61 


Uncertain 






67 


Died 


71 




73 


Died 


84 


. 


61 


Died 


65 




67 


Died 


70 




74 


Died 


75 




61 


Died 


73 




67 


Died 


68 




74 


Died 


77 




61 


Living- 




81 


67 


Died 


75 




74 


Died 


76 


" 


61 


Died 


69 




67 


Died 


84 




74 


Died 


76 




62 


Died 


66 




67 


Died 


70 




74 


Died 


75 




62 


Living 




82 


67 


Died 


67 




74 


Died 


76 




62 


Died 


63 




67 


Died 


80 




74 


Died 


76 




62 


Living 




82 


67 


Died 


78 




75 


Died 


76 




63 


Died 


71 




i 6r 


Died 


81 




75 


Died 


77 




63 


Died 


79 




67 


Uncertain 






76 


Died 


90 




63 


Died 


77 




67 


Died 


70 




76 


Died 


82 




63 


Living 




83 


68 


Died 


81 




76 


Died 


79 




63 


Died 


80 




63 , 


Died 


81 




76 


Died 


85 




63 


Living 




83 


68 


Died 


77 




77 


Died 


77 


Jk 


63 


Living 




83 


68 


Died 


77 




77 


Died 


78 




63 


Living 




83 


68 


Living 




88 


78 


Died 


87 




63 


Died 


66 




68 


Living 




88 


73 


Died 


79 




63 


Died 


69 




: 68 


Died 


72 




79 


Died 


80 


| 


63 


Died 


64 




68 


Died 


69 




80 


Died 


81 




63 


Died 


75 




68 


Uncertain 






81 


Died 


87 




64 


Died 


64 




68 


Living- 




88 


81 


Died 


86 


- 


64 


Died 


82 




68 


Died 


83 




81 


Died 


81 




64 


Living 




84 


69 


Died 


72 




81 


Died 


87 


l 


64 


Died 


82 




69 


Died 


71 




83 


Died 


96 


, 


64 


Uncertain 






69 


Died 


78 




84 


Died 


96 




64 


Died 


65 




69 


Died 


73 




84 


Died 


84 




64 


Died 


76 




70 


Died 


86 




84 


Died 


91 




64 


Died, 


67 




70 


Died 


83 




85 


Died 


85 


1 


64 


Died 


82 




71 


Uncertain 






85 


Died 


92 


j 


64 


Living 
Living 




84 


71 


Uncertain 






85 


Died 


85 




64 




84 


71 


Died 


75 




86 


Died 


92 


64 


Died 


78 




71 


Living 




91 


86 


Died 


86 




64 


Living 

Living- 
Living 




84 


71 


Uncertain 






' 87 


Uncertain 






64 




84 


71 


Died 


75 




89 


Died 


95 




65 




85 


71 


Died 


82 




89 


Died 


i 94 




65 


Living 
Died' 




85 


7.1 


Died 


75 




90 


Died 


90 




65 


76 




71 


Died 


79 




91 


Uncertain 






65 


Died 


69 




, 71 


Died 


76 




99 


Died 


103 




65 


Died 


75 




1 71 


Died 


72 




101 


Died 


102 




65 


Uncertain 




■ 


11 71 


Died 


84 










\ 



The first column shews the several ages of these 
who were living in the year 17-94; the second shews 
the condition,' as it reSpects life, death, or uncer- 
tainty; the third shews the ages at which those who 
are known to have died, departed this life; and the 
fourth shews the present ages of those who are 
k . v.vn to be living. 

Some information on this subject, was, in the year 
1794, furnished the editor of Carey's edition of 
Guthrie'e Grammes*, published about that lime in 
Philadelphia; but, though drawn from the same 
source as the above list, yet there is some difference 
between them ; whether this difference has arisen 
from the haste with which that statement was gjven, 
being then not completed, or from some miscon- 



struction of the copy, we cannot now determine ■ — 
However, the above is the result of considerable 
time and care ; and is believed to be as correct as 
any thing of the kind can well be. 

It may be necessary to mention, that in the forego- 
ing, and all the subsequent statements, no fractional 
parts of a year is either added or deducted. 

It then appears, that in 1794, of a population of 
3000 persons, 152 had attained the age of 60 years 
and upwards ; of whom 63 had attained the 70th ; 
of wjiom 21 had attained the 80th ; of whom 12 had 
attained the 85th ; of whom 4 had attained the 90th \ 
of whom one was in the 95th, one in the 99th, and 
one in the 101st year. 

That, of the 112 who are known to have died, 46 



FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— WILMINGTON, DEL. 



99 



attained the 80th year; of whom 26 attained the 
85th; of whom 12 attained the 90th; of whom 3 
were in the 91st, two in the 92d, one in the 94th, 
one in the 95th, two in the 96th, one in the 101st, 
and one in the 103d year. 

That fifteen, viz. five in the 61at, one in the 64th, 
one in the 65th, one in the 66th, one in the 67th, one 
in the 68th, three in the?0th, one in the 87th, and 
and one in the 91st year, having" removed to distant 
parts of the country, no account has been received; 
of them, 

i And that, twenty-five are known to he still living 1 ,' 
viz. five in the 81st, two in the 82n.d, four in the 
83d, five in the 84th, two inAhe 85th, two in the 
86th, three in the 88th, and one in the 91st year. 

How far this statement may exceed, or fall short 
of the experience of other places, or parts of the 
■world, we do not, at present, undertake to deter- 
mine; nor do we know, precisely, the method which 
calculators, in Europe, have generally followed to 
ascertain the probahiiity of life in various places on 
that continent. But in certain publications, we 
have seen on that subject, there appears something 
unintelligible when they tell us that in most places 
in Europe, considerably more than one third of those 
born, die before they arrive at the age of ten 
years, and in some places eyen five-twelfths before 
they are five; and when the census of every large 
city, there, shews that in such cities, the deaths al- 
ways exceed the births, often greatly; we say that 
jt is difficult to comprehend how the chance of life 
there is as great, at the time of birth, as it is here, 
where not one-third die in the first ten years; and 
where even in large cities the births far exceed the 
deaths. Yet it would appear from a table lately pub- 
lished by "The Pennsylvania co. for insurance on 
lives, &c." that at the birth of a child in Philadel- 
phia the expectation of long life is rather less there 
than in some other places named, although the lat- 
ter are subjected to the great mortality of children 
already mentioned; and though after passing the 
middle age, it seems we have a decided advantage. 
Until these difficulties be removed or explained, we 
may reasonably suspect some uncertainty in the 
mode of calculation, or some sinister views in form- 
ing the result. 

Of the European writers, several have extri-ca- 
ted themselves from the shackels of prejudice, 
when treating of the Americans; among these are 
Brissot de Warville and Baron de Humboid, both of 
$hem practical and recent travellers; and who,besides 
these advantages, were, in other respects, as well 
qualified to judge as those who, without having 
moved from the closets of their own country, have 
libelled the men. of the western or American coiiti 
nent. 

The first named of these writers, in the warmth 
of his zeal to do justice to the effects of freedom 
on man, has, indeed, in many instances, bestowed 
praises tqo unqualified, both on many persons and 
things in the United States; yet, generally, his 
principles are excellent; and we believe his obser- 
vations are founded on fact and reason when he de- 
cides that the people of the United States live lon- 
ger than those of Europe. The tables of mortality 
that he collected in the eastern states (where there 
seems long to have been some attention paid to the 
subject) and the physical and moral causes advanced, 
being sufficient to authorise such an opinion. 

The paucity of data with which we in this part oc 
the United States, are furnished, does not enable us 



of the whole population of any district, there be- 
|«g nonpublic record of the' kind; nor does it ap- 



pear that any of the religious congregations of thif 
place (Wilmington) except that of the society o 
Friends has such record; therefore to that society 
alone we confined all the instances we shall here- 
after particularize. 

Whether examples drawn from a particular socie- 
ty should be considered as a standard by which we 
can form conclusions justly applicable to the whole 
community, there may be less difference of opinion 
than in the application; for prepossession seems to 
exist in almost every tiling; some having represent- 
ed that body of people as longer, and others as 
shorter lived than their fellow citizens: If however, 
we may make any inference from the statement.-: 
already given, and about to be given, it will be m 
favor of the former opinion; for though, in the yer'.r 
1794, that society did not form one-sixth of the in- 
habitants of the Borough, yet of the 152 persons 
mentioned, 49 were either actual members of that 
society, or had been educated in their manners; and 
of the 25 known to be living, 13 are of that cha- 
racter; and though this society forms but a very 
small speck among the other families of the earth!, 
yet the writer of this essay does not know where he. 
could find among the latter, any example corres- 
ponding with, or equal to some of the former,^as it 
relates to general long life enjoyed by the children 
of the same parents. Hence we rather conclude 
that the bills of mortality of the society arc too fa- 
vorable for a general rule. 

The congregation of the said society resident in 
Wilmington and its neighborhood consists, at pre- 
sent, of 657 members; of whom 176 are under six- 
teen and 160 above forty-five years old, of whom 
sixty -three are above sixty; of whom eight are above 
eighty. Within the last six years, viz. from 180S 
to 1813 inclusive, there have* been but eighty-one 
births, and fifty- one deaths; of the latter twelve are 
under ten, and four had reached the 80th year and 
upwards. 

The small number of either births, or burials, and 
also of youths under sixteen,when compared with the 
general result of population in the United States, 
may, in part, be attributed to a circumstance that 
happens, not (infrequently, viz. that of young per- 
sons marrying contrary to the established order, in 
which case they become disunited from member- 
ship, at a period the most likely to add to the 
numbers of the community; but this circumstance, 
though it must have considerable effect, in reducing 
the number of births, and of youths under sixteen, 
does not so materially affect the list of deaths, as 
the disowned members generally return to the so- 
ciety before their decease. Another, and perhaps, 
the principal cause of so small a proportion of births 
as one to fifty annually, is to be found in the unu- 
sual proportion of those who are beyond the mere- 
dian of life; which, in this instance, constitutes 
nearly one-fourth of the whole, instead of about 
one ninth, which appears to be the common ratio, 
and it is presumed that the proportion above sixty 
is still greater. 

The next example, we are possessed of, is also 
of a pretty general character ; embracing persons 
of various age:;, and may, perhaps, serve as a bash 
for calculation respecting the neighborhood and 
people from which it is drawn. 

In the year 1757 a marriage was celebrated at 
a meeting of said society, at Goshen in the county 
of Chester and state of Pennsylvania (fifteen miles 
north of Wilmington) ; the instrument was signed 
by the parties and sixty witnesses, of lawful age. 
viz. three between 16 and 2Q; twenty-one between 20 
and 30; six between 30 and 40; fifteen between 40 and 



iOO NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1815. 



50; twelve between 50 and 60, and three above 60 
years old. In the 30th year after marriage, the hus- 
band, wife and six children (all they ever had) and 
twenty-nhie of the witnesses were living; in that year 
the husband died. In the 40th year, the widow, all her 
children and eighteen of the witnesses were living. In 
the 45th year, the widow, all her children and fifteen 
of the witnesses were living. In the 55th year, the 
widow, all her children and eight of the witnesses 
were living ; in that year the widow died ; and now 
in the 57th year, all the said children and six of the 
witnesses are living. 

During the 54* years and upwards, that this wor- 
thy matron lived the mistress, of a family whjch, 
probably, averaged eight or ten persons, no member 
of it, nor any individual in it died, her husband ex- 
cepted. 

When Brissot de Warville was in the state of 
Massachusetts in 1794, he noticed a fact which (if 
correct) is remarkable. He says that in 1765 "a 
Mr. Temple died at the age of 100, leaving four 
daughters and four sons, of the following ages, 86, 
85, 83, 81, 79, 77, 75, 73," but though such a num- 
ber of aged sisters and brothers is remarkable, it is 
still much more strange that a man should have so 
many children almost as old as himself ! Therefore, 
until further information on the subject be receiv- 
ed, the strongest presumption must exist that 
'there is some error in the statement. 

Of the cases we have alluded to,as having, within 
©ur knowledge, no parallel, we shall mention the 
following. They do not consist of a list of centuria- 
ries, but of general exemption from premature 
death, which, we conceive, should be considered 
as better evidence of health, than any instance of 
an individual whose existence may have been pro- 
tracted to double the usual period of human iife : 
they are drawn from the families of the first, or very 
early, settlers in Pennsylvania. 

Daniel Iloopes and Jane Worrellow were married 
In the county of Bucks, Pennsylvania, in the year 

1696, whence they soon afterwards remoyed to the 
county of Chester, near the waters of Chester creek 
and .Brandywin6, a few miles northwardly from 
Wilmington; their children were, Grace, born 

1697, died 1721, aged 24 years ; Anne, born 1698, 
died 1704, aged 6 ; Mary: born 1700, died 1765, 
aged 65 ; Hannah, born 1702, died 1750 ? aged 48 ; 
Joshua, born 1704, died 1769, aged 65 ; Jane, born 
1706, died 1789, aged 83; xVnne, born 1707, died 
1730, aged 23 ; Daniel, born 1709, died 1790, aged 
8*1 ; John, born 1711, died 1795, aged 84 ; Abraham, 
born 1713, died 1795, aged 82 ; Thomas, born 1714, 
died 1803, aged 89 ; Elizabeth, born 1716, died 
1303, aecd 87 ; Stephen, born 1716, died 1762, aged 
45; Nathan, born 1718, died 1803, aged 85; Wal- 
ler, born 1719, died 1720, aged 1 ; Sarah, born 1720, 
died 1794, aged 74, and Christian, born 1722, still 
living, aged 93. 

This family of children, though numerous, is not, 
in that respect, singular, they having been surpass- 
ed, numerically, in many instances ; but we are not 
acquainted with any precedent of an equal aggre- 
gate longevity in any other family of children born 
of one marriage; tiie said aggregate already amount- 
ing to one thousand and thirty-five years, and one of 
the children still living ; nor are we acquainted with 
any other instance where eleven brothers and sisters 
averaged eighty years; nor of any other example of 
ao many being aiivc at the same time, as that their 
ages added together would make six hundred and 
■:zveni»-iTy'> years, as was the fact with respect to 

% The last forty years in W ilmington. 



those in 1789; nor where seven children were living 
ninety-nine years after the union of their parents, as 
was the case with these in 1795.* 

To this instance of general and aggregate longe- 
vity, one other of the same character, shall be 
added from the same neighborhood, and occurring 
nearly at the same time, (viz. commencing about 
the early part of last century) when, probably, 
there were not two thousand inhabitants within ten 
miles around them. 

John Cope and Charity, his wife, had eight chil- 
dren, and no more, viz. Hannah, Samuel, Mary, 
John, Joshua, Nathan, Caleb and Joseph, all of whom 
were living in 18,13, at the average age of eighty 
years.* 

Should this brief essay reach the next genera- 
tion, it may afford an opportunity to compare, in 
some degree, the effects of simplicity of manners 
with those of luxury on the human body. The oc- 
togenaries, of whom mention has been made, though 
nearly all possessed of considerable estates, were 
brought up in a plain, simple manner, eating the, 
food and wearing the apparel ? produced on their fa- 
titers' or their own farms. No balls, no theatres, 
no public spectacles or amusements were frequent- 
ed by them; their common practice was manual 
labor; and their pleasures consisted in piety, plen- 
ty, health and domestic concerns. At this day, 
those manners are not entirely extinct, nor do we. 
expect they ever will; but the inroads of luxury 
have made prodigious alterations, and, no doubt, 
will make greater. The consumption of whiskey, 
tea and coffee now forms a striking contrast to for- 
mer habits, as they relate to aliment; and in many 
other respects the difference is not less. Labor is 
dreaded or despised, not only by the giddy youth, 
but the proud parents also endeavor to screen their 
children from that salutary medicament. Let us, 
say they, make one son a lawyer, one a physician, 
one a merchant or pedlar— any thing, rather than 
a ploughman or smith; any thing, rather than la- 
bor: this disposition seems to be the fashion of the 
day; the moral and political consequences of which 
we know must be greatly injurious; as to its phy- 
sical effects, time may determine. Should future 
generations continue, or increase, beyond the pre- 
sent time, in what is called luxury, and still fur- 
nish, in proportion to the existing population, as 
great evidence of health and long life, as we have 
now recorded of the last age, then it may be doubts 
ed whether, in that respect, manners have any influ- 
ence; but if a defalcation shquld be evident, then 
let the friends of their country, let parents and ler 
gislators exert themselves, by precept and example, 
to recover the good that has been lost; for, assured- 
ly, the improved state of the land cannot be hurt- 
ful, nor will the increased numbers of its inhabi- 
tants, if morals, civil, liberty and plenty obtain, have 
any injurious effects on the health. and stamina of 
mankind. 



*"To teach mistaken man, these blessings are 
entailed on temperance, a life of labor, and a mind 
at ease." 

* It is also an extraordinary, though a fortuitous 
circumstance, that so many children of the same 
parents should have lived in three centuries ; these^ 
in the aggregate, having occupied six years in the 
17th; were living through the whole of the 18th, 
to tiie amount of 1006 years ; and four of them pass- 
ed into the 19th century, in which they have already, 
jointly, lived twenty -four years,. 



MLES' weekly register— foreign articles. 



101 



Foreign Articles. 



tondon, August 10.— The following particulars 
Respecting the embarkation of Bonaparte on board 
the Northumberland, have been received from a 
source entitled to every credit, and we give them 
to the public as authentic. 

The Bellerophon and the Tonnant sailed from the 
bay of Plymouth on Friday - x but we do not imagine 
that it was to prevent the application for a writ of 
habeas corpus. The fact is that the concourse of 
boats were so great, and the danger to which they 
were exposed (several lives having been lost) that 
government thought proper to order the Bellero- 
phon to a greater distance. The process, of which 
so much has been said, was nothing more than an 
ordinary subpoena from the eourt of king's bench, 
procured by some person, who had a cause pending 
in that court and who amused himself by citing as 
witnesses Napoleon, Jerome and admiral Yillaumez. 
The Northumberland left Portsmouth on Friday al- 
so, and on Sunday arrived off Torbay. General 
Bertrand was the first who came on board the Ton- 
naht, where he dined with lord Keith, and sir Geo. 
€ockburn. Sir George explained to him his instruc- 
tions with regard to Bonaparte ; one article of which 
was that his baggage should be examined before it 
Was taken on board the Northumberland. Bertrand 
warmly protested against sending Bonaparte to St. 
jftelena, when he desired and expected to have lived 
in peace in England, protected by English laws. 
Lord Keith and sir George did not enter into a dis- 
cussion on this point. After dinner, they accompa- 
nied Bertrand on board the Bellerophon. Before 
their arrival, they had taken from Bonaparte his 
pistols, and all his arms. Those who were not to 
accompany him, were sent on board the frigate Eu- 
irotas. They shewed a great unwillingness to be 
separated from him. Bonaparte took leave of them 
individually ; Savary and L'Allemand were, how- 
ever, left on board the Bellerophon. 

When lord Keith and sir George Cockburn came 
on board, Bonaparte was on deck ready to receive 
them. After the usual salutation, lord Keith ad- 
dressed himself to Bonaparte, and requested him 
to say at what hour he proposed to go on board the 
Northumberland. Bonaparte protested with the 
sgrreatest vehemence against this act of the British 
government. 

"He had not expected it — he could see no reason- 
able objection to his residing in England, in tran- 
quility for the remainder of his days." Lord Keith 
and sir George Cockburn made no reply. An Eng- 
lish officer, who stood near him, observed that if 
he was not sent to St. Helena, he would be sent to 
the emperor Alexander. "God keep me from the 
Kussians," replied he, shrugging his shoulders and 
addressing Bertrand. 

"At what hour to-morrow morning, shall I come, 
general, and accompany you on board the Northum- 
berland ?" asked sir George Cockburn. Bonaparte 
appeared somewhat surprised at hearing himself ad- 
dressed simply as general, but replied "at 10 
o'clock." • Bertrand and his lady, Savary, L'Alle- 
mand, count Monthoion and his lady were near Bo- 
naparte ; sir George Cockburn asked them, if they 
wished any thing- before they sailed ? Bertrand re- 
plied, that he wanted twenty packs oircards, a 
backgammon board and a set of dominos. Madame 
Bertrand required some articles of furniture. One 
of the French officers, nephew of Josephine, com- 
plained that they had not kept their word with Bo- 
naparte, who expected to reside in England with his 
anite. Bonaparte askedTlord Keith's opinion ; who 



merely replied, that he must obey the orders he had 
received from his government. Bonaparte request- 
ed a second interview ; lord Keith refused, observ- 
ing that he could give him little satisfaction, inas- 
much as his orders were peremptory, and it was im- 
possible to make any change in the sentence which 
had been announced to him. An officer who stood 
near observed, "had you remained one hour longer, 
you would have been taken and sent to Paris." Bo- 
naparte turned his eyes upon the speaker, but made 
no reply. 

Sir George the next morning very early went on 
board the Bellerophon, to inspect the baggage of 
Bonaparte. It consisted of two services of plate, 
some articles of gold, a superb silver toilet set, 
books, beds, &c. &c. &c. The whole was carried on 
board the Northumberland at ten o'clock At half 
past eleven lord Keith came in the Tonnant's cutter 
on board the Bellerophon, to receive Bonaparte and 
those who were to accompany him. Before his ar- 
rival, and afterwards, he conversed with captain 
Maitland and the officers of the Bellerophon. He 
then went on board the cutter, and again took off" 
his hat to them. Lord Keith recieved on board 
the cutter the following persons: Bonaparte; Ber-- 
trand, lady and 3 children; the count and countess. 
Montholoirand child; count Lascasses; Gen Gour- 
gand; 9 men and 3 female servants. Savary appear- 
ed much to dread the idea of being given up to the 
French government, after repeating that the honor 
of England would not suffer him to be sent t» 
France. 

At noon the cutter came alongside the Northum- 
berland. Bertrand was the first who went on board;. 
Bonaparte followed him. As soon as he came on 
deck he said to sir Geo. Cockburn, "I am under your 
orders." He bowed to lord Lowther and Mr. Lit- 
tleton who were near the admiral, and said some* 
thing to which they replied. He asked one of the 
officers in what corps he served. The officer repli- 
ed, "In the artillery." " I sprang from that service'* 
(je sors de ce service) Bonaparte briskly replied. 
After taking leave of the officers who accompanied 
him from the Bellerophon, he went into the cabin, 
where besides his principal attendants, were lord 
Keith, admiral Cockburn, lord Lowther, and the hon. 
Mr. Littleton. Lord Keith took leave of him and 
went on board the Tonnant; lord Lowther and 
Mr. Littleton remained and had a conversation of 
nearly two hours with him. 

The Bellerophon, the Tonnant and the Eurotas 
returned to Plymouth bay on Tuesday. The North- 
umberland cruised oft" that port the whole day, al- 
though the wind was favorable. It is supposed 
that they are waiting the arrival of the Weymouth 
which was to bring them supplies the following day' 
Marshal Brune — The following are some of the 
details in relation to the death of Marshal Brune, 
He arrived on the 2d of Aug at the Avignon at 10 
A. M. The new prefect arrived the same day, 
some hours before, and had alighted for a little 
while at an inn where the Marshal stopped. Some 
persons were apprized of the arrival of the Marshal 
at Avignon and others who had recognized him, 
formed a circle around his carriage. They suffered 
him to change horses quietly, the Marshal would 
perhaps have even set out without accident, had. 
he not wished to wait for some papers, which had 
been carried to the superior commander of the 
department. The tumult in the mean time increased; 
Mr. Brune, uneasy, went to the house of the Prefect, 
to shew him ids passport, signed by the Marquis oi' 
Riviere. The Prefect advised him to abscond and 
promised to send him his papers, thex descended. 



102 NILEShWfiEXLY IlECrfSTER-SATtTRDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1815, 



t( rether. The Prefect, although lie was not yet 
known to the people in that capacity, came to make 
himself known to the people, and 'in the midst of 
the insulting- language which they heaped upon the 
Marshal to reproach him Tor his former conduct and 
his recent transactions in the South, he with diffi- 
cult'.- procured an opportunity for the Marshal to 
in his carriage without receiving- violence. 
He thought himself safe; but a moment after, his 
carnage was stopped upon the ramparts and his 
tife was threatened anew. They assailed his retinue 
with stones and cut his horses to pieces. The 
marshal then demanded of the prefect, who came 
hi haste, with the members of the council, per- 
mission to enter the city. lie was conducted to 
the post-house. There, the prefect not having an 
armed force at his disposal, aided by some peacea- 
ble citizens, defended the door sf this house in 
person. lie employed to appease the anger of the 
people, prayers, solicitations, promises, threats — 
nothing" availed. Those without demanded the 
death of the marshal with loud cries. The prefect 
promised in vahi that he would conduct the marshal 
to prison if they would respect his life ; all was 
"useless. A battalion of troops which arrived could 
not re-establish order; the effervescence was at its 
jieighth; already they began to break the gates with 
"axes; the vociferations redoubled. For more than 
four hours the prefect defended the life of the mar- 
shal with unheard of courage; the multitude crowded 
towards the door, before which he stood with all the 
magistrates, the commandant of the department, 
•some oiiicei's of the national guard, and the armed 
force which they had assembled. Three times they 
were driven off — thrice they returned in spite of the 
bayonets and threats which were directed against 
them. At this moment they heard the discharge of 
a gun, and persons came to announce that the fnar- 
-sili had killed himself. 

Some hours afier they wished to carry the body 
to a Chapel; but it was impossible to restrain 
the people, who seized it and threw it into the 
Rhone. [Puns paper. 

Zurich, auo. 4 — Count Talleyrand, minister of 
France, informed the assembly, by a note of the 
23th, of the arrival of different persons of the family 
*>f Bonaparte, and others implicated in the late 
revolution in France, in the environs of Geneva. 
Their stay in Switzerland will produce great in- 
conveniences to the two countries, and his excellency 
desires that the diet will not grant a residence to 
these individuals. This note will be comrniur.cated 
to the cantons, who wiil be requested not to receive 
those persons whose presence will compromit the 
confederation. 

Many cantons in Switzerland have ordered the 
arrest of all the persons who have arrived from 
France, and are suspected of having quitted their 
country in consequence of the happy revolution 
which has changed its fate. 

Jisrtin, July 25 — It will be remembered, that mar- 
shal Davoust wrote a letter on the 30th of June, to 
prince Blucher and the duke of Wellington, in 
which he desired a suspension of hostilities, on the 
: thatt gens. Firmont and Pnihna, had already 
agreed to an armistice. To this letter iield mar- 
shal prir.ee Blucher returned the following answer: 

From my head quarters, July 11. 
' It is a mistake, that all causes for war are remov- 
ed between the allied powers and France, because 
Napoleon has abdicated the throne; he has done 
this only conditionally in favour of his son, and the 
resolution of the allied powers excludes from the 
throne not only Napoleon, but all the members of 
bis family, if general F<rirmmt has thought him- 



self authorised to conclude an armistice with thjf 
general opposed to him, that is no reason for us to 
do the same. We follow up our victory, and God 
has given Us means and the will to do so. Do yon, 
marshal, take care what you do, and do not again 
plunge a city in ruin; for" you know what the enra- 
ged soldiers would allow themselves if your capital 
were taken by storm. Do you wish to bring down 
upon yourselves the curses of Paris, as you have 
those of Hamburg. We are resolved to enter Paris, 
to protect the well disposed against the pillage 
which they are threatened by the mob. No secure 
armistice can be concluded except in Paris. You, 
marshal, wiil surely not misconceive our situation 
with respect to your nation. — For the rest, marshal, 
I must observe that if you wish to negociate with us, 
it is strange that you should detain/ Contrary to the 
law of nations, our officers who are sent with letters 
and packets. 

According to the usual forms of established civil- 
ity, I have the honor to call myself, Mr. Marshal, 
your servant, 

BLUCHER. 

B&uitGEs, Aug. 5. — Marshal M'Donald, duke o* 
Tarentum, on the 1st inst. took at this place the 
command of the Loire. He has published the two 
following papers. 

Order of the day. — The army is informed, that 
the marshal duke of Tarentum, appointed by the 
king to succeed his excellency the marshal prince 
of'Eckmuhl, (who has asked and obtained his re- 
call,) has arrived at the head quarters at Bourges. — 
His excellency to-day takes command of the army. 
The camp marshal, baron Hulot, appointed chief of 
the staff, is also arrived and has assumed his func-. 
tions; 

The present organization of the army is provision- 
ally maintained, with the exception of the following 
modifications: gen. Decambre, chief of the staff of 
the first corps, receives and transmits orders. Gem 
Bertrexene commands the 4th corps; and gen. 
Lefot the 3d. The infantry of the guard is com- 
manded by the gen count Morend, and the cavalry 
by gen. Guvot. The corps of the left wing is com'- 
manded by gen. Amber t. 

Signed MACDONALD. 

rnocxAfaATioisr. 

Soldiers — -I have arrived among you; I feel a plea- 
sure in finding myself among my old companions in 
arms. The misfortunes brought upon our fair coun- 
try and the burdens which she bears, can be alle- 
viated by order, discipline, subordination and a free 
and loyal submission to the king; his heart rent by 
the calamities which weigh upon his subjects, has 
need of comfort; he wants to know that his people, 
who inhabit the banks of the Loire, of the Allier, of 
| the Rhone and of the Cher, do not suffer any thing- 
more than the inconveniences which are insepara- 
ble from so great an assemblage of troops. 

Soldiers — in occupying myself with your welfare, 
I ought to diminish at the same time the burden 
of the military lodgments; I am going to extend 
the army: carry into your cantonments the ancient 
spirit of fidelity, of devotion and of attachment for 
their legitimate sovereigns which disting i >; ed sd 
eminently the French character. Let our arm.", 
henceforth be consecrated to the defence of the 
king and his throne. 

In acknowledgement for the hospitality which, 
you receive from your countrymen, offer them your 
arms in their agricultural labors; you will merit 
(by this conduct) the kindness of the monarch and 
the esteem of your fellow citizens. 

(Signed,) ■ '' MACDONALD, 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— CHRONICLE. 



]0S 



LATEST XEWS. 

London dates of Aug. 16— Paris accounts to the 20th. 

These papers contain nothing- of importance.— 
France appears settling down under the "legiti- 
mates" — the armies (French) are said to be dis- 
banded . 

London, August 15.— Public funds— 3 per cent, 
consols 56 1-8 1-4, omnium 6 1-2 5-3 pr. 

It is believed that under the treaty of commerce 
that is to be concluded between Great Britain and 
France, the cotton manufactures of the former, and 
the silk stuffs of the latter, will be reciprocally re- 
ceived under moderate ditties. 

The hon. Mr. Bagot, ambassador to the United 
States of America, is to embark in the Lacedemo- 
nian, for New- York. 

It is said that vice-admiral Hemming will have 
the command at St. Helena, at the peace, and that 
he will proceed thither as soon as sir George Cock- 
burn shall have established Bonaparte there. 

A letter from Falmouth says, "we learn by an 
officer belonging to the Northumberland, that Mon- 
sieur Bonaparte appears very glad at having 1 escaped 
from justice, and being so well settled in that ves- 
sel, where his first question was, whether any of the 
officers would play at whist. He has a long voyage 
to make, and wishes to pass the time agreeably. 



CHRONICLE. 

The late storms. Many of the newspapers pub- 
lished iii Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut 
and \JSTarth Carolina may be said to be filled with ac- 
counts of the ravages of late storms felt on the 
coasts of these states. An attempt at particulars 
would fill the half of our sheet ! The damages are 
incalculable The water in many places rose as 
much as ten feet above its former greatest heighth, 
and ships, in many instances, were driven into the 
midst of the houses and gardens. The entire coast 
as it were from Boston to New-London, both inclu- 
sive, with the shores of Long Island, as well as those 
of North Carolina, (the last by a storm previous to 
that on the eastern coast) present thousands of in- 
stances of the desolation of the hurricane. Ships 
wrecked; houses blown down; orchards and forests 
prostrated; fences torn from their footing, &©. are 
constantly to be met with. Many houses have been 
literally blown to pieces ! The loss of lives by ship- 
wreck, the falling of chimneys and the power of 
flood, has been very considerable, and some of the 
cases are peculiarly affecting. "The verdure of the 
earth, (says a letter from New-London) the foliage 
of the trees, and every kind of vegetable, has the 
appearance of suffering a severe frost." The storm 
to the eastward was on the 24th tilt. When it was 
over, the windows of the houses in Sal em were 
found covered with a fine salt, which, it seems, was 
conveyed from the ocean through the air; and the 
leaves of the trees, from this cause, as is supposed, 
are curled and crisped as with a general blast. The 
same effect has been observed several miles back. 
Twenty -six houses were blown to pieces and wash- 
ed away by the sea at Stonington ! The loss at Pro- 
nlddr.ee, Ti. I. and its vicinity, is said to be as much 
as §5,000,000 ! The water was 14 feet higher than 
it had ever been known before— -many ships are on 
the tops of the wharves, or in the streets of the 
town ! Tiie buildings destroyed are estimated at 
150 ! All round the town is to be seen broken build- 
ings and vessels, mingled with cotton, soap, candles, 
.grain, flour and every other article of merchandize 
you can mention, together with household furiii- 
ture. Many people have lost all their property — 
and a number have lost than* lives ! All the bridges 



near the town, one of which was very extensive' 
are swept away. At A'ewport, also, the storm Was" 
severely felt — a whole column of a newspaper is filled 
with a list of houses, ships, 8cc. destroyed, and se- 
veral persons were swept away by the flood. The 
Boston papers have three columns of matter to de- 
scribe the effects of the hurricane in that town an<t 
its vicinity. It contains a list of 60 or 70 vessels 
wrecked, sunk or otherwise injured — the whole 
neighborhood is covered with the ruins of houses, 
trees, &c. &c. To give an idea of the force of the 
storm and of the damages suffered a.tJYewbedfjrd, 
we may mention that about 100 chimnies 'were 
thrown down, and seven or eight person 3 were known 
to have lost their lives. The windows were covered 
with salt water, and the trees that remained stand- 
ing were turned black. Large stores, with their 
valuable contents, were dashed to pieces and swept 
away— ships were driven on the wharves and into 
the streets, and one smaller vessel thrown, bottom 
upwards, a considerable distance beyond the usual 
boundaries of the water. At Cape Cod, every vessel 
there, to the amount of about 20, went ashore. At 
Fairhcwen several houses were swept away, and some 
vessels driven into the streets— no lives were lost 
at this place. Nenbbiunjpori also suffered considera- 
bly.^ The streets were impassable by fallen trees, 
roofs, 2cc. The body of the storm seems to have 
been felt between Boston and New-London, but for 
considerable distances on both sides beyond them, 
much damage was d'.ne. At Marblekead, 14 ves- 
sels went ashore and bilged — one man was killed. 
At Portsmouth, eight or nine shared the same fate. 
At Providence the third story of a house, a consi- 
derable distance fro'm the usual boundary ef-fha 
water, was perforated by the bowsprit of the ship 
Ganges. Many other places have, in like manner, 
suffered; and the loss is, probably, beyond prece- 
dent in the United States. The storm on the coast 
of North Carolina commenced in the night of the 
2d of September, and its lavages were great in- 
deed—but do not appear to have been So exten- 
sive as to the eastward. But the coast "is co- 
vered with wrecks/' On the 1st of August there- 
was a hail-storm at Salem, which, in 10 minutes, 
broke upwards of 130,000 panes of glass ! At St. 
Bartholomews the equinox did great damage. We 
have a list of about thirty American vessels',' besides 
Swedes, Danes, &c. that were driven ashore and to- 
tally lost or otherwise damaged. They chiefly be- 
longed to the eastern states — of four Baltimore ves- 
sels at that time in the harbor, three rode out the 
gale, and one went ashore, but was afterwards got 
off without damage, and has since arrived,, 

The destruction o? meeting houses was exceedinglr 
great, along the eastern co:ist. 

la the midst of this war of elements, the Consti- 
tution fVigate, emblematical of our political condi- 
tion,— by the will of Providence, and the care of 
those who had charge of her, escaped uninjured. 

Indian Treaty. A treaty has been concluded be- 
tween Messt-s. Parish and Granger, commissioners 
on the part of the state of New- York, and the Se- 
neca nation of Indians, and ratified by governor 
Tompkins, by which a cession is made to the 
state of the islands in the Niagara river. The con- 
sideration is, one thousand dollars already paid, 
and an annuity of five hundred dollars, annually 
forever. Tile ceded islands are $hus described in. 
the Buffalo Gazette : 

"The islands ceded are, Squavj Island, opposite 
the month of Conjockety Creek, 3-4th of a mile in 
length, and a quarter of a mile in breadth, contain- 
ing some excellent meadow, and but few trees : — 
Strawberry Island, about a mile below, containing* 



104. NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 181*. 



wild meadow, and about the size of Squaw Island : 
Gram/ ft/one^ commences three miles below Black 
Rock, and extends to within a mile of Schlosser, 12 
miles long- and from 2 to 7 broad, well timbered, 
level, and said to contain an excellent soil; there 
is, however, on die island a large cranberry marsh 
— no improvements of any consequence -.—Aavy 
Inland, lies partly between the lower end of Grand 
Island and the British Shove, is supposed to be with- 
in the boundary of Upper Canada, because the 
branch which passes between Grand Island and our 
shore, united to that which passes between Grand 
and Navy islands, are superior to the third branch 
of the fiver which passes between that island and 
the Canada shore— the question of territory will 
doubtless he settled by the commissioners of both 
governments — this island is about 3-4ths of a mile 
long- and 100 rods broad, and has been somewhat 
cultivated :— Goai Island, divides the falls of Nia- 
gara, 1-2 mile long- and some 60 or 80 poles broad, 
it is rocky and covered with very shaggy timber, 
and accessible only at a single point. We consider 
this a good bargain for the people— and if the people 
woo. Id' sell such portion of their lands on this Fron- 
tier, as could be advantageously settled, it would 
have great effect in opening and improving roads 
on the Niagara river, and winch would also greatly 
relieve the industrious inhabitants on the frontier, 
whose means of living have been straitened by the 
de\astations of war/' 

Maryland election — The general election for mem- 
bers of assembly took place on Monday last. The 
returns are greatly in &vor of the republicans, who 
have gained eleven members in the house of dele- 
gates, and reduced the federal majority to a solitary 
vote in joint ballot for governor, &c. admitting that 
muclmbused Alleghany, (not yet heard from) shall 
return all federal members ; whichls very doubtful 
— and one member from this county will give the 
republicans a like majority. Last year the federal 
majority in joint ballot was twenty-three. But let 
Alleghany return what it may, a large majority of 
the people of the state will be represented in the 
house of delegates by a minority of the members — 
thanks to the rotten -borough-like system by which 
the delegates are appointed. 

Mediterranean squadron — We have several recent 
arrivals from the Mediterranean, confirmatory of 
the accounts heretofore received of the treaty with 
Algi&a. The despatch vessel for the United States 
left the squadron on the 7th of July, and fears are 
entertained that she is lost. Com. liainbridge, in 
the Independence, arrived atCarthagenaonthe 12th 
of August, and was about to proceed to Tripoli, 
where Decatur was ; to whom, it is said, he had 
despatched two schooners to order his return home. 
The frigate captured was restored to the dey to 
prevent his assassination — but he is to pay all the 
expences of the expedition, resfore all persons and 
property captured of us, and withdraw all claims 
ibr tribute hereafter ! 

Ridiculous article. We insert the following from 
a Halifax paper of September 16, merely because 
some may have heard of the rumor, and to say it 
ti impossible to be true : 

"Decatur in his passage up the Mediterranean, 
,ent his boats into the bay of Gibraltar, and by 
some means procured 200 British seamen ; an ac- 
count of this being sent by the governor to lord 
Exmouth, his lordship demanded their restoration, 
which being refuser!, lie blockaded the American 
.squadron at Carthagena M ! !" 

Joseph Bonaparte njw returned to the vicinity of 
Xew York, and taken the seat formerly owned by 



lord Courtena)', on the banks of the Hudson. It is 
said he has sent to France for his family. 

By a Carthagena paper of July 21* it appears that 
the ^legitimate" army from Spain had arrived at 
Santa Martha — but the patriots did not appear to 
fear them. The forces of the republic of Grenada, 
at Carthagena, is said to be 14,000. 

Carthagena £had not been attacked on the 17th 
August, nor was an attack feared. Measures had 
been adopted to expel the "tyrant's" forces from 
St. Martha ,• the "patriots" were coming upon them 
from the mountains of the interior. 

Guyana appears in complete possession of the 
patriots. The Spanish commander Dato was com- 
pletely defeated by the patriot chief Saraza, near 
C.dabozo; by which, besides the destruction of 
their enemies, the republicans obtained upwards of 
500 muskets and a great quantity of ammunition. 
Extract of a letter, received from an officer at De- 
troit, dated, 9th Sept. 1815. 

If the British have given up the right of search at 
sea, they have in this quarter commenced it on land. 
A few days since, several British sailors deserted, 
and landed about ten miles from this place. Two 
officers and a boat's crew followed, landed and ex- 
amined several houses, and at 'length got one man, 
and sent him on board — placed centinels on our 
highway, one of which fired at a citizen. The ci- 
tizens flew to arms, arrested the officers and men — 
but agreed that one officer should be retained un- 
til the man taken was returned. The officer is 
now in our fort. I understand a civil prosecution is 
brought against him — col. James will not deliver 
the prisoner taken. — Phil, paper. 

The Steam boat Fulton, (says the New- York Co; 
lumbian) it appears, has now made 134 trips to and 
from New-Haven, through Long Island Soun d, 
without losing a single passage during the time on 
account of the weather. One trip was lost by an 
accident to her boiler ; and once or ' twice, a day 
las been lost (as in the late gale) by a storm or 
other circumstances, but made up again in the 
course of the week. Such regular, swift and long 
continued sailing is without example on the sea 
coast : and the great question, whether our sea 
board can be navigated by steam, a fact which was 
deemed impossible a few years since, seems con- 
clusively decided in the affirmative. 

Dtkd, on the 11th of April last, in New-Orleans, 
William P. Caxbt, midshipman in the navy of the 
United States, of a wound received in the action 
of the 14th December last, between the United 
States' gun-vessels and the British flotilla, near New 
Orleans. Mr. Canby was born in Norfolk, (A 7 a.) in 
Vugust, 1796, and originally intended for the pro- 
fession of the law; but fired with the exploits of 
our naval heroes, his active spirit, at the dawning 
of the war, could no longer be confined to the rou- 
tine of an attorney's office ; h# burned to emulate 
the deeds of our hardy sons of Neptune, and obtain- 
ed an appointment, as midshipman, from commo- 
dore Shaw, then in command of the New-Orleans' 
tation, where he served on board different vessels, 
deserving the esteem of his commanding officers 
and the love of his associates, until the 14th of 
December, 1814 ; when, being in gun-vessel No. 23, 
under the command of lieutenant M'Keever, he, in 
the unequal contest, received from a grape shot a 
round in the head, which, after a series of the most 
acute sufferings, closed his existence. In him the 
navy has to regret the loss of an officer whose ris- 
ing merit promised one of its most brilliant orna- 
ments, his family an affectionate son, and his friends 
an estimable companion. — [Communicated.] 



WILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



No. 7 ok Vol. IX.] 


BALTIMORE; SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1815. [whole xo. 215. 


ilac olim meminissc juvabiti — Vikgil. 


PRINTED AND 


PUBLISHED BY II. N1LES, NO. 29 s SOUTH CALVKRT-STllKET, AT %5 PER AN MM. 



The great abundance of materials that continue 
to present themselves as proper for insertion in the 
"Weekly Register, forbids apprehension that we 
shall ever want useful or interesting matter to fill 
our pages, assisted, as the current of things may 
•be, by our own industry. 

A gentleman at Washington city lias forwarded 
to the editor several numbers of Cobbett's Regis- 
ter, from which the articles inserted in this paper 
are extracted. We are indebted to another gentleman 
of that city for a review Of Clerk's naval tactics* an 
interesting and very pleasant communication, laid 
off for our next paper — in which, also, we expect to 
present an important article on manufactures. 

We shall proceed leisurely to give many impor- 
tant state papers that have grown out of the late 
events in Europe. 



FROM CQSBETt's REGISTER, JULY 8, 1815; 

TO MR. NILES, 

Proprietor of the Weekly Hegister, published at Bal- 
timore, in the United States of America. 

Sir — After thanking you for the numbers of your 
publication, which you have been so good as to send 
me, I proceed to the subject of this 'letter* the ob- 
ject of which is to give to the people of the last re- 
maining republic some information, which they might 
not be able otherwise to obtain, relative to* the ef- 
fects produced, and likely to be produced, by the 
recent events in France ; information which it is 
very necessary for you to possess ; for, time may 
not be distant, not nearly so distant as you imagine, 
when you yourselves will feel some of the conse- 
quences of the events to which 1 allude. 

This second fall Of Napoleon has caused wonder- 
ful joy in England amongst the higher orders, and 
especially amongst the borough-mongers, who have 
been now, a second time delivered ; or> at leastj 
have obtained a respite a second time. The re-ac- 
tion, which will certainly come, may operate against 
them. But, in the meanwhile, they get rid of their 
alarms, which were, a month ago, greater than at 
any former period. 

The boasting here is beyond all conception.— 
Though the fact is notorious, that the Prussians 
and the Belgians were fighting on our side against 
the French ; though it is notorious, that we held a 
vast superiority of numbers and of means of all sorts, 
we talk here, as if the victory were wholly our own. 
Two hundred thousand pounds, at the first slap, has 
been voted to the "great lord," as the Spaniards 
call him. What did you vote to Mr. Jackson, who 
won a more decided and more glorious victory at 
Jfevt-Orleam ? Burke, with his pension in his poc- 
ket, calls nobility and honors the CHEAP defence of 
nations ; and so they may in countries whose peo- 
ple do not receive money along with the honors. 
But, this grant of money, enormous as it is, appears 
to be only a beginning. A proposition has been 
made to make a grant to the duke of York, as com- 
mander in chief of the army, he having, in that ca- 
pacity, provided the army for the duke of Welling- 
ton to fight with. He has been paid a pretty good 
salary for this, to be sure ; but this, it seems, is not 
nough. It is therefore, now proposed, or, at least 
has been proposed hv a member of pajrMam^t. to 



give him money on account of the success oi % the" 
army. 

You will ask, what takes place in this respect. 
When we get beaten ; as in the case of I'lattslmrg, 
Lake Champlain, Lake Erie, New-Orleans, &c. Why, 
we hold our tongues. We do not talk about Hie 
matter, except to praise the valor of our troops for 
a day or two. Indeed, the country people in Eng- 
land, and a great many Of the towns-people, never 
knoia any thing of such defeats. The London news- 1 
papers, which alone have any very wide circola- 
tion^ are employed in the spreading of falsehood and 
the suppressing of truth". The country newspapers; 
with very few exceptions, are the mere gutters, 
through which pass a part only of the filth of the 
more Copious London sewers ; but it is, if possible, 
the worst part. When the news of your grand 
achievement at New-Orleans arrived, it was at once 
asserted, that WE had gained a great victor*;. De- 
tails even were published. The same" was repeat- 
ed, with trifling variations, for a week. Thus the 
country papers had time to play their part: The 
victory was believed in, from one end of the king* 
dom to the other. At the end of a fortnight, out 
slipped the account of the defeat in the middle of a 
Gazette, stuffed up with advertisements and promo- 
tions. We could not accuse the government of not 
publishing it; but, in fact, the mass of the people 
never either saw it, or heard of it; arid, to this 
hour 3 there is not a man in the village, in which I 
am now sitting writing, Who does not believe* that 
we g'ave you a hearty beating at Jsew- Orleans. Li 
short, the mass of the people in this country totow 
less of the affairs of the nation than any people thai. 
I ever heard of 

At present^ however, It would be unreasonable 
to expect us to show any thing like moderation. Not 
only do our newspapers approve of the proclamation 
of Louis XVIII. in which he talks of punishing trai- 
tors i but, they are preparing their readers to ex-- 
pect a direct interference, on our part, in the re* 
gulatmg his government^ avid even in the choosing of 
his ministers. ' We are told, in so many words, that 
we have a right to demand the death of sonte of the" 
"rebels ;" that we have a fight to compel the king id 
adopt a strong government. In the meanwhile others 
are proposing to strip the city of Paris of statues 
and other ornaments to* bring them to England, to* 
adorn a monument to be erected in memory of the 
late victory. There seems to be no bounds to the 
degradation, to which some of our writers wish to 
reduce the French people and name. Some demand 
real, solid securities for the future. This, perhaps, 
means Duiikirk, before which our Duke of York 
fought a battle once. Calais, perhaps, too. The 
demolition of the bason of Cherbourg. There is no 
knowing where we are to stop. You remember the 
punishment that our pious king Richard I. inflicted 
on his rebel subjects in the garrisons which oppos- 
ed him after his return from his crusade to the Holv 
Land ? That, as" being the most cjfectnal mode ot 
preventing the future propagation of rebels, may* 
perhaps, appear to the borough-monger writecs as 
the mode to be adopted towards the French people 
upon this occasion. 

That there will be bloody vengeance taken now, 
there is no doubt. The recollection of the battles 
TT 



]Q6 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 181& 



ofGemappe, Dunkirk, Austerlitz, Marengo, Hiu^njf frankly acknowledged his great error ; namely, th a t 
m, Eylau, Friedland, Moskwa, Smolensko, of connecting himself with the old royal family, 

. e Helder, the capture of Rome, Naples, Turin, and had declared again for a republic in name as well 
rdam, Madrid, Hanover, Moscow, Berlin as in substance. If he had done this, an d had cal- 



twice, Vienna twice; in short, the defeats, thehu- 
ffuliations, the shames and the bodily fears of a quar- 
ter of a century, and, above all, the exposures of 
. 'sts, are now assembling all their force to ob- 
tain vengeance. The convention of the Ilelder, 
Mid the convention which gave Maria Louisa to the 
anus of Napaleon, are now to be avenged. Tile pope 
has to get vengeance for his humiliation ; and so 
the) have all. But, what are they do ? They can- 
not kill the people of France. All Europe, with 
more than a million of men in arms and with fifty 
millions of English money, will replace Louis on the 
throne of France. But, they cannot remain in France; 
and, if they do not remain in Frar.ce, they cannot 
keep him upon that throne. He is now, as last year, 
moving* along towards the capital under the protec- 
tion of mere than half a million of soldiers, who 
have made war, and are making war upon French- 



men, fighting on the 
As lDr.ijr as French 



own soil, and in its defence 
g as Frenchmen are kept down by the bayo- 
net, he wiii, of course, remain there ; but, how 
long will that be : He was on the throne last year ; 
but, he was not there six months after the hostile 
armies had quitted France. To hear him threaten 
the French, as he did some time ago, with chastise- 
ment by foreign armies, 1,200,000 in number of men, 
was natural enough ; but, to hear him now talking 
uf tneir sorrow ;.t his departure, and of their joy at 
his return, is calculated to fill one with admiration 
at the impudence of his advisers. He knew well, 
thai it was under the bayonets of foreigners only that 
he dared advance ; that he, or any of his family, 
dared show their nose in France ; and yet, even 
while he is following close upon the heels of those 
foreigners, he boasts of being the object of the love 
and admiration of the French people ! No, no, Louis : 
you are restored, as you were last year, by foreign 
bayonets ,- and the question is yet to be decided, 
whether those bayonets will be able to keep you on 
tlie throne. You have yet a stormy time to pass. 
The battle between light and liberty, on one side, 
and darkness and despotism, on the other ; that bat- 
tle, which began in 1789, is still going on. It may 
rage less fiercely for a time ; but, it will not be put 
an end to unless by the triumph of the former. 

As to the conduct of Napoleon, upon the last oc- 
casion, it was useless for hiin any longer to attempt 
to support his authority as a sovereign ; and, indeed, 
it would have been well, if he had resigned immeoii- 
tely after his return from Elba. This was fully ex- 
pected by many men in England; and, it appears from 
his Ia.^t act that we have heard of, namely, Ms ab 
dicatiojiinfuvor of his .wj, that he was only restrained 
T>i his foolish attachment to the Austrian and her 
child ! After all his glorious deeds; after all his fa 
Dious battles ; uf^er all his wise acts of legislation ; 
all his magnanimous proceedings ; all that he has 
done in the cause of mankind: after all this, how 
painful is it to see him vainly hankering after the 
pre->ervmg of a crown to his family ! and, which adds 
to the mortification, to a son which he had by the 
daughter of a king; and, of an Austrian too ! It i 
melancholy to think of. If it had been the son ot 
BO ne tradesmanla daughter ! But to risk the free- 
do. i) and happiness of that gallant nation, who had 
twice carried him victorious to Berlin and twice to 
Vienna; to risk the freedom and happiness of this 
brave people for the sake of the grandson oi' sl king, 
and that king an Austrian king too, is horrible to 
think of". If, upon hj^ return from Elba, he had 



led for the convention, no power in Europe would 
have moved against France. But, when men saw, 
that the emperor was still to remain ; that they were 
again to have ah empress to maintain with all her 
royal progeny ; and that they were likely to descend 
in fee from father to son ; when they saw this, they 
could not possibly feel any portion of the old repub- 
lican fire warm their hearts. Say what they would, 
still it was a battle between an emperor and a king. 

Then the new nobility. It was impossible to animate 
a people in their cause. They had suffered under 
the nobility before. It was difficult to see why a man 
should risk life or property for the sake of preserv- 
ing to these gentry their titles. To see these old re- 
publicans forming a house of peers, and calling them- 
selves dukes and counts I This was, indeed, no more 
than a consequence of the imperial part of the plan • 
but, it could not fail to fill with apprehension all 
those who wished well to the republican cause, and 
who recollected that it was under the banners of 
liberty and equality," that Brunswick was chased 
out of France, and that the coalition of kings Was 
covered with disgrace, in the memorable years, 1793, 
4 and 5. The truth is, that to defend France against 
such a coalition all the energy of a republic was 
necessary in those years ; and, it was become now 
as necessary as ever. But, such energy could not 
exist under an imperial and aristocratical govern- 
ment. The French people felt no more what they 
felt in the first years of the revolution. The pro- 
prietors were anxious about their land ; but that 
alone was not sufficient. 

Nevertheless, in spite of these errors of Napoleon, 
he is entitled to the gratitude of mankind. He pull- 
ed down the Pope, the monks in Spain and Italy, the 
Inquisition in those countries. He carried light and 
liberal principles to dark and enslaved nations. He 
formed a code of wise and just laws; or, at least, 
he confirmed those whieh had been passed by the 
republicans. He was a soldier, too fond of milita- 
ry glory; but, without arms he could not have ef- 
fected what he did effect in favor of civil and reli- 
gious liberty in distant countries. Much of what 
he did will now be undone; but it will be impossi- 
ble for all the kings and priests in the world, to 
make men as ignorant and submissive as they were 
before he marched over the Alps. The enemies 
of freedom, the black hearted friends of despotism, 
flatter themselves, that now they shall see mankind 
as superstitious and as slavish as they were a quar- 
ter of a century back. They will be deceived.— 
They will never again see a touch of the 'holy thorn* 
sought after in France as a cure for a cancer. The 
present race of perverse old women cannot live 
forever, and they will have no successors. The 
young ones do not, and will not, believe, that ho- 
ly water will preserve them from thunder and 
lightning; and, unless they believe this, there is no 
fear of their husbands becoming slaves. The com- 
mon people in England believe in an almanac, ealled 
'Moore's Almanac? they believe, that the cunning 
people who publish it, have a foreknowledge of events 
of all sorts, and especially the weather. Many of 
the farmers refer to this almanac to know when 
they ought to cut their grass or to spey their pigs. 
You Will hardly believe this, in America; but I, in 
the fxce of my countrymen, assert it to be a fact. 
The men who sell this book find their accounts in 
it. It is sold by the company of stationers, who^ 
serve our rabble, iu this respect, in the stead of 



MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— COBBETT'S LETTER. 



10.7 



priests. The people of France are far more en- 
lightened. The pairing's of St. Andrew's nails, 
which used to be a most precious relic, would now 
be used only as manure in that country. The breech- 
es of Pocomo, so wonder-working in former times, 
would now fetch only their worth as old rags. Na- 
poleon (and that was his greatest fault) gave, in 
some sort, a sanction to falsehood and hypocrisy, 
and imposture, by going to mass. He did not, in- 
deed, compel any body else to go to mass; but his 
example in this was of evil tendency. The act was, 
besides, a compromise with fraud. 

Still the world owes him much, and particular- 
ly for having, by his return to France, left no doubt 
in the mind of any man, that in the restoration of 
the old family the Fre?ich people had no share. It 
was always asserted that the French people longed 
for the return of the Bourbons. Louis was called 
le desire. But, now it must be clear to every body 
that he was, and now is, restored by foreign force 
aloxe. The case is now too plain to be confused 
or misrepresented. It is a triumph of kings or 
priests over republican institutions. None doubt 
of the triumph: no one can deny that: but, it is 
not the act of the people of France. They had tried 
the ancient dynasty before; they had tried the new 
order of things: the ancient dynasty was restored; 
and they again drove away the ancient dynasty, 
which is now again (by this time, I dare say) re- 
stored by the means of a combined foreign army, 
who have defeated the armies of France. 

So sensible are the aristocrats of this, that they, 
even now, are almost afraid of the ultimate conse- 
quences of their success. They do not see their 
way clearly out of the adventure. Are the foreign 
armies to be kept up hi France? Is France to be dis- 
armed? How long can either last? The truth is, 
France is too extensive and too populous to be long 
kept down. She is not, and cannot be, loaded with 
debts. The moral effects of the revolution cannot 
now be eradicated. It is useless, in short, to re- 
store the king, unless they could also restore the 
"breeches of St. Pocomo, and the virtues of the holy 
thorn. These and ' divine right must rise together, 
or neither can stand for any length of time. The 
king, who will hardly call himself le desire tliis 
time, has, in his proclamation to his "loving sub- 
jects," denied that he ever meant ,to restore the 
tythes or the feudal rights,- and yet these are of older 
date than his title to the throne. At any rate, he 



They are as necessary to his political power as food 
is to his body; or rather, as swords, guns and pow- 
der, are to the army now employed in his restora 
tion. 

So you see, that a counter-revolution is not a 
thing so easily accomplished as many seem to ima- 
gine. Your New England noblesse and priests 
will, I dare say, rejoice exceedingly at this triumph 
of the kings and priests in Europe: and we, in 
England, have in some sort, good reason to boast of 
it; but still, it Napoleon were to be murdered to- 
day, and all the old republicans hanged up to-mor- 
jow, the thing would not be more than a tenth- 
part over. Foreign armies must remain in France, or 
there is no security for the king's remaining on the 
throne. When, then, is this state of things to ter- 
minate? Not, at any rate, before another hundred 
millions are added to the debt of England, and 
even for years to come, it will be impossible for the 
allies, upon their principles, to disarm to any con- 
siderable extent. The whole of Europe is in a fer- 
ment. Light has gone forth, and it is impossible to 
put \t out. Hanging and quartering will do nothing 



towards it. Men must again believe in the virtues 
of holy water. That was the main prop of the pow- 
er of tlie Bourbons; and, without that they will in 
vain endeavor to keep themselves long upon the 
throne without the aid of foreign armies. 

How a sensible man in France, quietly settled on 
his farm, must laugh at all that is passing! He 
must be highly amused at seeing us taxed a-new to 
the amount of a tenth-part of our possessions for 
the purpose of forcing him and his countrymen to 
endure the sway of a Bourbon, a Bourbon desire too! 
He must laugh to see how we are fretting and fum- 
ing, and arming and fighting, and paying away our 
money to prevent him from being a republican citi- 
zen. He must wonder what we are taking all this 
trouble, and incurring all this expense for. But, if 
he knew What boroughs were, his wonder would 
soon cease. If he knew what effect these have in 
making us so generously anxious about the regu- 
larly governing of other countries, he would soon 
cease to be surprised at our late zeal and our pre- 
sent joy. 

You, in America, understand this matter well. I 
read with great pleasure, in many of your papers, 
the just descriptions which you give of our motives in 
these wars. But you may be deceived as to the effect 
of them. Nations are often ruined while their go- 
vernments are gaining force. We are screwed up *o> 
a war pitch, and, while we are at war, we are strong. 
You saw how we were enfeebled by the last peace,, 
short as was its duration ; and, I assure you, that 
there is now, in this country, a general dread of the 
effects of peace. Our situation is this : the taxes on 
account of the debt and the army and navy are, and 
must be, so great, that England must be the dearest 
country in the world. Even this second restoration 
of the Bourbons will, I should suppose, cost us. 
abtfut four millions of taxes annually, FOR EVER, 
which alone is more than the whole of your revenue. 
As to discontents in England, think nothing of them, 
They are not worth your notice. But, income, in- 
genuity, industry, will all seek cheap living ; and 
those who have to buy goods will go to the cheapest 
market. This debt and army will produce a seri- 
ous change in our affairs, in a short time. We may, 
possibly, see the French people tolerably ill-treat 5 * 
ed ; but that Will not pay our taxes. 

By these wars against the French, we have added 
nearly fifty millions a year to our peace taxes. And, 
What have we got which we might not have had, if 
we had remained at peace ? The French had then a 
king; they then had abolished feudal rights ,- they 
then had abolished tythes. And have they not done 



so now ? But, the noblesse are now to have their 
titles. The fools might have had their chateaux and 
their lands, if they had not run away to join the fo- 
reign armies ; and now these are sold away from 
them. What, then, have we gained for our fifty 
millions of taxes to be paid annually in peace ? Ask 
your New-England right honor ablcs this, and they 
will tell you, that we have got a great deal ; for, 
that we have got "regular government and social 
order." 

I am yours, &c. 

W.M. COBBETT, 
Botley, near Southampton, 5th July, 1815. 



VAOM T!IE s.orfi, JULT 15, 1815. 

Defeat of the Algerine fleet by the AnieHcamt ■ 

Our base newspaper writers are so much occupied 

with enforcing the necessity of cutting the throats; 

of ail the jacobins in France, that they cannot spare, 

a moment to think, far less -to write} <m the? signal 



]08 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 181, 



triumph of America, which her invincible fleet has 
just obtained o* er the European pirates. This great 
achievement of the real sons of liberty against one 
of the "legitimate menarebs," does not, I daresay, 
gQ v oil clown with our comiptionists ; but that is a 
princip d reason why T should not lose sight of it. 
While all the regular governments of Europe were 
acknowledging their inferiority, by sending- annual 
presents to the dey of Algiers, the Americans fitted 
out a squadron to annihilate this royal pirate. The 

Ugeririe Beet was discovered on the coast of Spain. 

[t was attacked by the Yankee fleet without hesita- 
tion. The Americans took the admiral's ship, a 
fri fate of the largest size; drove another on shore 
and destroyed her; the rest escaped only in conse- 
quence of a calm, which enabled them to use their 
oars. This is certainly a proper method of treating 
these royal nuisances. Hut we do not see that this 
< /ci'/ror/ part of the world are disposed to consider 
them in that light. They have shewn no inclination 
to assist the Americans in driving them out. _ Per- 
il ops the}- are too much occupied at present with de- 
livering France, to think of delivering Europe. How- 
ever, I am quite satisfied that the Americans are 
able to do the business without them. I should not 
be surprized, indeed, if things would take a differ- 
ent turn. I would not wonder, after what I have 
seen ; after the assistance we have giyen to restore 
the "zvhore of Babylon,'''' the Inquisition, and lazy 
voluptuous nuns and friars to their former power 
and ease; if a treaty offensive and defensive had 
been concluded between the Autocrat of Algiers, 
the Autocrat of Russia, Prussia, Sec. &c. and that 
the Americans were to find themselves involved in 
a war against these powers, who may probably af- 
ford a powerful contingent to their royal ally. But 
even this will be of little consequence. After the 
American seamen gave such a lesson as they did to 
the boasted "sovereigns of the sea," there can be 
fto apprehension as to the result of any war which 
may occur with the whole maritime force of the 
v. -orb!. Tli ere is an energy which liberty gives to its 
champions, that renders its cause invincible when 
opposed to tyranny ; and the extirpation of the royal 
nest of African pirates, is an act which will be re- 
corded in the page of history to the eternal honor 
of the American people, while the long- endurance 
of this haughty and barbarous race, will for ever 
reflect disgrace on the nations of Europe. 



Ventilation of Ships. 

To the Editor of the Weekly Register. 

Reading captain Porter's Journal, and his obser- 
vations on the impropriety of obliging the crew of 
a ship of war, at all times, to sleep on the birth-deck 
— which, I understand, from his descripi ion of it, to 
be a verv confined situation, difficult to ventilate 
sufficiently, or preserve clean ; and, in consequence, 
recourse is had to fumigations, washings with vine- 
gar, lime-wash, fete. — a thought occurred whether 
the plan that has of late years been adopted for 
ventilating mines, could not be employed for the 
same purpose on board of ships of all descriptions, 
and particularly ships carrying a great number of 
men ; and where a large fire is necessarily and con- 
stant !y kept up for the purpose of cooking. 

Let US suppose the camboose should be so con- 
d that after the fire has performed the vari- 
ous offices of boiling, baking, &c. the extra heat 
which passes off by the chimney, shall be matte 
to surround a copper pipe of six inches in diameter, 
which, at the upper end shall communicate v/irh the 
rnaj air a fewiriches above the smoke pipe ; and at 



the lower end with a horizontal pipe of three inches 
diameter, running from the foremast to the main- 
mast, and connected with perpendicular pipes of 
the same diameter, descending along each mast to 
the main hold of the ship, but with openings into 
them from each deck — particularly the birth deck* 

The effect that would take place from such an 
arrangement, I conceive, would be as follows : 

The air in the pipe passing* through the camboose, 
being expanded by heat, would fly off into the at- 
mosphere, and its place be immediately supplied by 
that below it, and so in succession ; — hence a ne- 
cessity for a new supply entering- the pipes from, 
beneath : First, from that contained in the holds, 
with which the pipes communicate ; but, finally, by 
afresh current from the atmosphere passing through 
the holds to the pipes ; and this current maybe re- 
gulated so as to operate above or below either of 
the decks as may he necessary, by closing all the 
openings into the pipes, but those in that hold 
which it is proposed to ventilate. By such process, 
the holds of ships, laden with cargoes of perishable 
articles, may be ventilated, (it is presumed) ; and, 
perhaps, by extending the plan so that pipes con- 
nected with that passing through the camboose, 
should run between the ceiling and outside planks of 
the ship down to her keilson, the timber of ships 
may be preserved by drawing off the foul air, that 
is conjectured to be the cause of its decay. 

This is a short and hasty sketch for persons of 
more leisure and ing-enuity to improve upon ; and 
if the editor of the Register thinks it worth an in- 
sertion in his work, perhaps, it may lead to some- 
thing beneficial to, the public. The preservation 
of the lives of Our citizens on board of ships, and 
the preservation of the ships themselves from de- 
cay, are objects well worthy the attention of the 
economist and philanthropist. 



ON THE SAME—FROM THE SAME. 

To the Editor of the Weekly Register. 

Esteemed Friend — As I believed it would be an 
important discovery if a method could be pointed 
out for causing a free circulation of atmospheric 
air- through all parts of ships and other vessels, by 
which means, it is believed, the timbers would be 
preserved for a greater length of time,;md cargoes of 
perishable articles prevented from decaying so soon 
as is frequently the case, and the ships, generally, 
rendered more sweet and clean — whereby the health 
of the crews on long voyages would be less liable 
to attacks of diseases arising from confined and 
foul air, — "With a view to these advantages, I sug- 
gested my plan to the editor of the Registeb, with 
a hope that it would be made public • and persons 
interested induced to make trial of the means sug- 
gested. At the time that letter was written, the 
concern in which the winter was a partner was about 
to build a vessel of 40 tons, for the grain and 
flour trade — and such vessels being liable to perish 
in a few years, on mentioning my plan to the carpen- 
ter he approved of it, believing* it likely to answer 
the purpose contemplated ; and we have finally 
agreed upon the following, which being more sim- 
ple than the one first mentioned, I hope,(if it appears 
as important to the editor as it does to me) that it 
will be published — merely for the purpose of bring- 
ing" the method proposed to an early trial, as it 
will require years to determine whether the expect- 
ed benefit will arise from it or not. 

The plan then is — to cut a groove on the under 
side of the keilson (of a ship for instance) 4 inches 
wide and 3 inches deep, from end to end — cover this 
groove with an oak plank one inch thick, and the 






NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— NEW GRANADA. 



1(>9 



whole length and width of the kcilson— nailing- it 
down firmly— between encii two timbers, bore an 
inch augur hole through the board aforesaid, and 
wc have a communication formed from stem to 
stern. As the writer believes the camboose of a 
ship is placed, generally, near one of the masts, a 
copper pipe of 4 inches diameter, may be inserted 
into the keilson, communicating with the aforesaid 
tube, (or groove in the keilsou) and passing up the 
mast, enter the camboose just above the fire, and be 



tcr, to whose rapacious policy must be attrib i 
the slow progress agriculture and commerce has 
made iri those important provinces. Don .» > eph 
Guticrres de Pineres was the agent of Galvej for 
carrying 1 there into execution his oppressive ; em 
of finance. For this purpose he was favored ivith 
the commission of chief of the royal court of justice, 
or regente de la real mldieiiciu, resident at Sai.nl i ■■ 
de Bogota. Pitieres, thus employed, began witho it 
loss of time, to enforce the new regulations 1 he 



carried out at the top of the chimney. Tubes of like tobacco, rum and other productions, were monOpo- 
dimensions may communicate with the keilson, | lized by the king, and a ss (internal cukom 

along each mast, and- be carried to the upper side 



houses) were established every Where— the inhabi- 
tants being reduced to extreme misery by the 
weight of the many exactions even upon the neces- 
saries of life. 

The cotton and woolen manufactories of New 
Granada hadbeen, for many years, in a floiu i I 
state, the natives having at home all that their wa»ts 
demanded. Now the manufactories began to de- 
cline, and shortly afterwards to disappear! The 
sugar plantations were daily diminishing— as \\,e 
planter was obliged to sell his molasses to the king 
(at the price his officers were pleased to give) On 
account bfestancb on rum. And the cotton estates 
were also abandoned, as excessive duties had been 
charged even osithe smallest balls of tlu-ead nude 
by poor women to support their children. 

Such are the causes wiiich preceded the fim'cms 
insurrection in the province del Socorro. A poor 
old woman, it is said, was selling in the market- 
place of a little town, a ball of thread, wiien a sol- 
dier came to ask the duty upon it; and as the 
charge was almost equal to the common value of 
the article, she ran through the place complaining 
aloud of the tyranny of government. The market 
was crowded with peasants from all parts of the 
district, who, enraged at tiie sight of the distressed 
woman, cried instantly from all quarters, do-.m xvith 
the bad government, and demolished the custom 
house to the ground. This example was soon fol- 
lowed by the whole province, whose population rose 
en masse to expel the oppressors. 

The rebels, as the Spaniards called them, took 
the name of Comuneros to distinguish themselves 
from thepartizans of the court. It is to be observed, 
that the meaning of this word, Comunero, is a citi- 
zen who respects the voice of the representatives of 
the people; as the only popular branch of government 
in South America were the Commies or Cabildos, 
which, for that time, had unanimously joined them 
in the contest. This was also the same device adopt- 
ed, but with surprising skill, during the great revo- 
lution of Paraguay, winch lasted from 172J to 1733 ; 
carried into execution by don Joseph de Antequera, 
and Castro, knight of the order of Alcantara, mem- 
ber of the Royal Audiencia of Charcas, a native of 
Peru, and a man of family, genius and learning. The 
source and progress of this astonishing revolution 
we shall endeavor to develope in the article on 
Jinenos Ayres. 

The Comuiieros of Socorro attempted, without loss 
of time, to possess themselves of Santa Pe de Bo- 
gota, as the residence of the vice roy and Hoyal Au- 
diencia; but almost all the member's or" the gwyern- 
ment, frightened at the approaching storm, had 
rashly fled, leaving a commission to the archbishop 
Gongora to quell the insurrection. This prelate, 
who some persons represent as a man of liberal 
principles, applied all the means m his power; to 
discharge the trust committed to him. We mV*ht 
here enter into details wnich would reflect not a 
little light upon this history, bat the narrow limits 



of the.under deck, and there closed. These tubes, 
being substantially boxed up, will interfere very 
little with any of the business of the ship, and by 
having openings in them at proper situations^ it is 
presumed that a 'free current of air would be found 
to pass through all parts of the ship, when there is 
an active fire in the camboose for the purpose of 
cooking. 

If such will be the effect, it is conceived that all 
foul air, usually generated in the holds of vessels 
and between the ceiling and skin, will be carried off; 
and if this proves to be the fact, we can scarcely 
doubt but that they will be rendered more healthy, 
and their timbers be preserved for a longer time. A 
great advantage arising from this plan will be— that 
it will require no attention — the expansion of the 
air in the tube passing through the camboose, will 
be a natural effect of using fire in it, and as the ex- 
panded air (from the copper pipe) passes into the 
atmosphere, it will be succeeded by a fresh supply 
from beneath, pressed into it by the weight of the 
surrounding air, andjthus a perpetual circulation 
kept up. I will, however, be readily observed 
that this plan as far as relates to the groove in 
the keilson, can only be adapted to vessels yet 
to be built ; but it may be equally an object to 
introduce fresh air into vessels that are already 
built and in employ. In that case, it will be an 
easy matter for a ship carpenter to lay a wooden 
tube along side the keelson, for the copper pipes to 
communicate with — almost the only difficulty will 
be, that such tubes will be liable to injury from 
lading or unlading the ship, and that the copper 
pipes will not communicate with them so conveni- 
ently as in the other method. 

Vice-Royalty of New-Granada. 

From a Lonsiana Correspondent. 
[continued from page 70.] 

The ministry of Galves was followed by partial 
insurrections in South America, which gave the first 
blow to the Spanish settlements on several parts of 
our continent. When this proud and hypocritical 
statesman was called to the cabinet, the monarchy 
was pressed on all sides on account of its engage- 
ments with foreign courts, and the people at large 
expected every thing from his supposed talents. 
But the public expectation subsided, as soon as 
Galves discovered his financial plans. Instead of 
adopting the liberal principles of his own century, 
increasing the revenue of the crown by giving pro- 
tection and encouragement to the spirit of indivi- 
dual enterprise, by freeing commerce from so many 
embarrassments, by exciting the agriculture, he 
resorted with great avidity to the old means of his 
hated predecessors — taxes, imposts, estancos, or 
monopolies, were, indeed, the only resources of his 
contracted mind. 

New Granada was the portion of South America ( 
which suffered most during the reign of this minis- ' of this memoir hardly permits us to record the prin- 



HO MUMP WEEKLY REGISTER—SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 181 



opal fiets. The arch-bishop left Santa Fe to meet 
the Comuneros, who, it is said, had already assem- 
bled nearly twenty thousand men, not daring to 
approach the capital, though abandoned to its fate. 
At Last he met them at Zipaguira, where assuming- 
all that air of penitence and austerity which proved 
afterwards so false, he declared to the chiefs his 
pacific views and wishes of coming- to an agreement 
according- to their churns. 

It seems that the proposals made by Gong-ora 
were firmlv rejected, in the first instance; but finally 
ids insinuations prevailed, having- spent some weeks 
before in Divine exercises, preaching- every day 
obedience to lawful sovereignty, However, the Co- 
muneros did not give up their claims so easily, as 
Ihey required of" the pacificator to make certain 
arrangements for the future. He acceded to their 
proposal, and it was mutually agreed to sign a ca- 
pitulation by which the inhabitants were declared, 
in the name of the king, free from the new duties, 
and besides at liberty to cultivate and manufacture 
whatever they pleased without any embarrassment. 
The arch-bishop Gongorathen appeared on the field 
of Comuneros with all the pomp of religion, dressed 
in his best garments, and carrying the holy sacra- 
ment in procession, to sign before Almighty God 
the capitulation in name of his Catholic majesty.— 
So the inhabitants of Socort-o laid down their arms, 
those arms which they so nobl took up to put an 
end to the daily aggressions of a most tyrannical 
government. 

Let us now enquire into the policy of the court of 
Madrid in respect to these transactions. The capi- 
tulation having been presented to the king to obtain 
his royal sanction, he declined to accept it, as no 
agreement was to be made with rebels. The most 
insensible observer is, we think, able tbform an idea 
of the extreme distress and affliction to which those 
inhabitants, now peaceably living under the good 
faith of treaties, were reduced. Troops were imme- 
diately sent to enforce his Catholic majesty's de- 
crees, inflicting severe punishments on the pretend 
ed criminals. The arch-bishop Gongora was ap- 
pointed vice-roy of New-Granada; and he, the same 
Gongora, was the instrument of the most barbarous 
and sacrilegious treachery. The friends of this pre- 
late present him in extreme despair and sorrow 
when he received the royal cedilla, manifesting- his 
majesty's displeasure at the late transactions: he is 
said to have deplored his critical situation with 
tears 

To notice the future proceedings of the Spanish 
cabinet in regard to New-Granada, is to record*a 
series of horrors, as revolting to humanity as unpa- 
ralleled in the history of despotic institutions : the 



conquest of the Gulf of Darien, where a Scotch 
company had laid some years before the foundation 
of a colony. The archbishop vice-roy placed him- 
self at the head of this cnterprize, in which, with- 
out attaining the end, he wasted considerable trea- 
sure and native troops. But the secret obj ect of the 
crown was attained : to divert the attention of the 
inhabitants, and check the rising greatness of these 
populous provinces. 

New Granada was so insensibly sunk into that apa- 
thy, which is the natural fruit of oppression, that that 
important region was constantly declining in im- 
portance until the revolution of Aranjuez called 
the people again to freedom. They declared to all 
the world their independence from Spain; and the 
skill and courage displayed in a thousand glorious 
conflicts, has shown to civilized nations, that they 
are worthy of liberty — that, in the happy land of 
Columbia, the human race improves, instead of de- 
generates — that they deserve the name of Ameri- 
cans, and are able to maintain then* political ex- 
istence. 

%* We omitted to give, in the comparative statis- 
tical account of the United States and New Grana- 
da, the very important article — slaves. — United, 
States, in 1790, 697,697; New Granada 71,000.—, 
It gives a balance in favor of the free population of 
New Granada 697,626, without the proportionate 
discount from 3,950,000 to 2,500,000, which for 
many years has been the stationary population, of 
that vice royalty. 

[Q^Here it was the desire of the writer of these 
communications that we should introduce a pretty 
long extract from Smollett's continuation of the Histo- 
ry of England, vol. IX. page 460 — J, 2, 3, 4 and 5. 
Philad. edition, giving an account of the British ex- 
pedition under admiral Vernon and sir Chaloner Ogle 
against Cakthaoesa, to shew the strength of the 
place, and quiet the minds of some* as to its re- 
ported capture by a much less force recently sent 
from Spain, though its condition and means of de- 
fence are much superior to what they were at the 
time of the British expedition, which consisted of 
twenty-nine ships of the line, and almost an equal 
number of frigates, bombs, fire-ships, &.c. and aland 
force of 12,000 men — ail which were easily defeated.] 



Maryland Election. 

The returns are now all in. Alleghany county 
has 4 federalists — and in joint ballot, for governor, 
United States' senator, &c. that party has an appa- 
rent majority in the legislature of one vote — last 
year it had a majority of tiventy-lkree votes. 

The (Baltimore) Federal Gazette of Wednesday 
people of whose provinces were considered as aj evening last, says — "The certainty that the delcga 



parcel of rebels to he crushed for ever. The king 
decrees tended to nothing but to stop the progress 
of a country endowed by nature with great blessings 
of climate and soil. The fortifications of Carthagena 
and Guayaquil were placed in the best state of de- 
fence, either against foreign enemies or the natives. 
The city of Santa i'c was strengthened with a good 
garrison and strong arsenal. The alarming situation 
of Quito, whose Inhabitants are considered in South 
America as the best disposed to shake off the yoke 
of Spain, contributed much to these measures. 

The royal government, settled by the force of 
arms, assumed that imperious tone which commands 
t.lif obedience, but never gains the affection of a 
people. The province of Socorro was of course, 
ruined and desolated, being vexed on account of 
extinguished rebellion. One of the schemes of the 
court to accomplish this^object, was to order the 



tionfrom the several counties of this state to the 
general assembly, the immediate representatives of 
the people, are federal by a majority of one-fifth of 
the whole number, or one half the number of the 
democratic delegates, must surely be satisfactory evi 
dence of the true political character of Maryland" 

This is a very strange paragraph for a man to 
make who knows — certainly knows, that the dele- 
gates are representatives of the counties of th ef state, 
and not of the people of the state — who knows that 
the minority of the people of Maryland rule the ma- 
jority. 

We are not about to enter into a party discussion, 
or make out an electioneering case — but this fact, 
that the minority does goveivi, is so repugnant to eve- 
ry thing that, belongs to the principle of a republi- 
can, that we cannot pass it by without reprehension 
and remark. 



NILES WEEKLY REGISTER— CATTLE SHOW AND FAIR 



•111 



III page 111 of the 7th vol. of the Wekku Re- 
gister, there is a neat table shewing- the false prin- 
ciples by which the people arc supposed to be re- 
presented ii\ the house of delegates. The follow- 
ing abstracts from that table, adapted to the state 
of parties as they stand this year, is interesting — 
irons:: of D>'.egaies. The following counties 
have returned republican members — Hart- 
ford, Baltimore, Anne-Arundle, Washington, 
Queen-Ann's, Talbot, Caroline, 4 each; and 
the cities of Baltimore and Annapolis, 2 
each, 4 — ... 32 

The counties that have returned federal mem- 
bers are — Prince George's, Montgomery, 
Frederick, Alleghany, Calvert, Charles, St. 
Mary's, Cecil, Kent, Dorchester, Somerset, 
Worcester, 4 each . . 43 

Whole number of delegates . 80 

(Tj'Tlie senate, entirely republican, consists of 15 



Total, senate and house of delegates 


95 




s<3 


3 ,© 


S-Q 


COUNTIES. 


a £ 




11 




1 1- 

Co Ci 




... f 


Hartford 


16,827 


%5,35'J 


21,358 


Baltimore city and county 


64,841 


48,670 


76,210 


Anne-Arundle & Annapolis 


14,975 


9,810 


26,668 


Washington 


16,074 


7,372 


18,730 


Queen Anne's 


10,267 


5,630 


16,643 


Talbot 


9,352 


4,140 


14,230 


Caroline , 


7,933 


2,250 


9,453 


. Total, republican counties, 


140,209 


83,222 


183,297 


Prince George's . 


13,400 


7,690 


20,589 


Montgomery . 


10,403 


5,110 


17,980 


Frederick . . . 


28,766 


14,170 


34,437 


Alleghany 


6,289 


2,210 


6,909 


Calvert . 


4,063 


2,410 


8,005 


Charles .... 


7,810 


6,740 


20,245 


St. Mary's . 


6,794 


3,950 


12,794 


Ca-cil . 


10,599 


5,950 


13,066 


Kent .... 


7,201 


4,214 


11,450 


Dorchester 


13,076 


5,510 


18,108 


Somersett . 


10,210 


5,540 


17,195 


Worcester 


12,544 


4,910 


16,971 


Total, federal counties, 


131,165 


68,404 


197,249 



We have the following results — 

The counties which send only thirty-two members 
to the house of delegates have nine thousand more. 
[nearly] white inhabitants than the counties which 
send forty-eight members! 

And, taking in "all other persons," forming the 
gross population, allowing- for two-fifths of such, 
agreeably to the constitution of the United States, 
the comparative rate of population will stand thus: 

The counties which send thirty-two repub- 
lican members, have a whole population 
of 183,297— 

Whites .... 143,269 

Other persons 53,000-— 2-5tlis of whom are 21,000 



164,269 



The counties which send forty-eight fede- 
ral members, have a whole population 
of 197,249— 



Whites . . , . 131,165 

Other persons 66,084 — 2-5ths of whom are 2(3,000 



157,165 
Leaving even in this way a majority of seven thou- 
sand one hundred and four legal persons in the 
counties sending thirty-tivo members over the coun- 
ties sending fortif-eight mevnbers! 

The conn lies sending 32 members, paid 

of the direct tax . . . §83,222 

The counties sending 48 members, paid 

of the direct tax 68,404 



814,818 

But even these things do not fairly and fully re- 
present the state of the two parties; "for the repub- 
licans have an actual majority of the votes of the 
state of Maryland, of from five to eight thousand. 

Call you this representation? 

aTjThe constitution of Maryland calls aloud for 
amendment. The manner in which the senate is 
constituted, is, perhaps, even yet more exceptiona- 
ble than that which regulates the election of dele- 
gates — both which, probably, will be ike subject 
of a future essay. 

%*The people of Virginia are even less fairly re- 
presented than those of Maryland— as we shall shew 
by some general tables, before long. 

Pittsfield Cattle Show and Fair. 

W T e have on hand several valuable articles relating 
to the proceedings of this excellent institution, 
got up and supported by a few enlightened pa- 
triots, to encourag-e home manufactures and pro- 
ductions, and raise up a national chabactei{ ; some 
of which we hope soon to have the pleasure to re- 
cord in this work. 
A cattle show and fair (for the sale of domestic 
articles) was to be held at Pittsfield (Mass.) on the 
2d and 3d of October instant. The household ma- 
nufactures, and all other manufactured articles, 
with the cattle, offered for the liberal premiums 
that the society are accustomed to bestow for the 
most excellent of their kind, were to be delivered 
to proper persons, appointed to receive them, on 
the 2d of October, before 11 o'clock, a. m. The 
following "order of the day" for the 3d, and ge- 
neral "regulations" of the society, we record for 
present instruction and future reference : 
Order of the Day for the 3d of October. 
Ladies, who are candidates for premiums, are re- 
quested to meet punctually at 10 o'clock, on this 
day, in the room over the Female Academy. [OTj^If 
any are disposed to have their names concealed, they 
can do it, by delivering to Mr. Edwards, with the 
article offered for a premium, a letter, sealed, and 
containing their name and residence; with any mark 
on the outside, the same mark to be placed on the 
article; if unsuccessful, the letter will be returned to 
them unopened.] 

The chairman of each committee of awards will 
deliver sealed reports of their decisions to the Pre- 
sident, at 10 o'clock, a. >i The society will meet 
at the Coffee-house, and proceed from thence at 1 1 
o'clock, in procession, to the old church ; the cere- 
monies will be as follows : 

Vocal and instrumental music, led by col. Solomon 
Warriner. — A prayer. — An address by the president. 
Music. 

Communication of the report of the viewing- com- 
mittee of agriculture. 

Proclamation of the decision of the committee of 
awards. 



HO SlliES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY,. OCTOBER U, 1815. 



Delivery of the premiums to the successful can- 
didates (in person.) Music. 

The society \\ ill dine at the Coffee-house, at two 
o'clock. Female successful candidates are invited 
to dine with the society. 

Mictions will he opened for the sale of animals 
on the. 2d October, at 2 o'clock, r. m. and on the 3d, 
at 3 o'clock, p. m. for manufactured articles. 

By order of tin' committee of administration, 

War. C. JAR VIS, Recording Secretary. 
JPittsfeld, Sept. 19, 1815. 

The puldic are reminded, that the fall owing are the 
regulations of the society relative to premiums. 

All articles of agriculture and manufactures must 
be the growth or produce of 1815. Those of agri- 
culture must be of the growth, and those destined 
exclusively tp females must be of the manufacture 
of Berkshire county. Each article of domestic ma- 
nufacture must be accompanied with satisfactory 
proof that it was manufactured by the person pro- 
ducing- it, and spun and wove by females. 

Broadcloth (dyed in the wool) and cassimere must 
be of the manufacture of the New-England states. 
Animals from any part of the United States will be 
entiled to premium?. [Those belonging to persons 
residing, out of the state, unless members, -ivill be sub- 
ject to the accustomed tax oftivo dollars; those belonging 
to persons residing in the state -will be free ofthepax.] 

No ox, cow or bull, to be admitted for premiums, 
which has received a premium ; nor any animal, un- 
less satisfactory proof is produced that it was the 
property of the candidate on and since the 1st May, 
1815. (fj\Bulls must be brought with a rope or chain, 
to secure them in the pens. 

No animal can be examined by the committee, ex- 
cept in the pens around the elm tree ; and the number 
specified for premiums must be selected and separated 
by the o-unier, as no more than the number required 
can be offered for examination. 

dj*Each of these regulations, and those specified 
in the notice published by the society on the 5th of 
December, 1814, will be strictly adhered to. 

Wax. C. JAR VIS, Recording Secretary. 



Sheep. 

The following extracts from the second report 
the Merivo Society qf Great Britain, may not 
be nninteresting, at this time, to many of our far- 
•a o,d manufacturers. The society was establish- 
fdr the purpose of encouraging the breed of Me- 
rino sheep in that country—it is supported by a 
long list of members, among whom are several, of 
great respectability— and at the head of which ap 
nears the name of sir Joseph Banks, as president 
From the whole tenor of the report which was pub 
Jished in 1812, it appears, that a great deficiency of 
fine wool for their manufacturers was apprehended, 
and it was conjectured that it would require at least 
ity years before they would he aide to supply, 
by woo! of Faiglish growth, the quantity annually 
imported. The state of Spain, since the publication 
of this report, lias been such as to induce a belief, 
that their flocks have suffered, a still greater dimi- 
nutkm. Happy, therefore, may we consider our- 
selves, that the enterprize of a Yew individvals has 
secured to the United States this useful animal.— 
W hetber the wool is therefore sought for by our 
own manufacturers, or those abroad^ the rearing of 
these sheep cannot fail to pontjnue an object' de- 
serving the attenf Ion of every farmer. An additional 
inducement for inl reducing this breed on every 
form, will be fqiincj in the exacts <# &e report 



concerning the quality of the mutton, from which 
it appears, that the various crosses afford mutton 
equal, if not superior, to any of their former breeds, 
and in many instances a decided preference has been 
given to the Merino mutton. Many proofs of this 
might be adduced; such are selected, as it is hoped 
will be satisfactory, and are best adapted, by their 
brevity, for insertion in a public journal. Editors 
of papers, who may think this communication of 
some importance to their readers, are impartially 

requested to insert it their colums. 'Argus. 

EXTRACTS. 
"The vast importance of our woolen manufactures 
is demonstrated by the retrospect of a century, not 
a year of which elapsed without manifesting, that 
to our ancestors it was an object of the first solici- 
tude. Public attention, tdl lately, was not directed 
to the production of Merino wool, and the principal 
commercial advantages of Spain have been derived 
from our neglect and want of foresight. The fol- 
lowing brief statement of our importations, during 
the last three years, show the numerous benefits we 
have conferred on other nations. 

Spanish. Other sorts. Total. 

1809, 5,046,707 1,799,226 6,815,933/6&-. 

1810, 8,133,205 2,802,318 10,335,523 

1811, 4,290,973 445,324 4,737,297 
"Th^. importations of sheep's wool on an average 

of four years, ending the 5th of January, 1811, 
amounted to 7,885,567 pounds, and were from that 
date to the 5th of July, in the same year, as follows : 
Germany and north of Europe 44,594:lbs. 

Portugal 372,681, 

Spain and Gibraltar 2,147,696. i , 

Malta and Levant 49,654 

Ireland and the Isle of Man 3,640 

Cape of Good Hope 4,318 

States of America 7,103 

Brazils 12,741 

Prize wool 1,198 

Total pqunds, 3,140,070 

{ <The flocks of fine wooled sheep in Spain, before 
the invasion of that unhappy country by Bonaparte, 
were estimated at about six millions ; of these st- 
moity, perhaps three-fourths, are already destroyed, 
and the remainder daily diminishing by rapine and 
neglect. From what corner of the earth, then, can 
the manufactories of this country be Supplied with 
fine wool for the next twenty years ? This is a most 
curious question, and whenever the manufacturers 
shall be convinced of their real situation for a sup- 
ply of fine wool, the growers thereof in England 
will meet with a very different reception from them, 
from that which they have hitherto experienced. 
That day is not far distant — we have not at present 
in this kingdoiUj a single year's consumption of fine 
Spanish wool on band ; small quantities are still 
escaping the ravages of the tyrant, and finding 
their way through Portugal from Spain to England ; 
but it is too much to expect, that even these ad- 
ventitious supplies can continue for any length of 
time." 



Indian Eloquence. 

From the Western Journal. — On the night of the 
14th July the Black BufFaloe, principal chief of the 
Teton tribe of Indians, departed this life at Portage 
Be Sioux. The succeeding day he was solemnly 
ihtered with the honors of war. Robert Wash, esq. 
secretary to the commissioner;;, lias furnished the 
following speech, delivered over the grave, by the 



Bio Eli;, 



is truly eloqucn f , and is 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— ANCIENT NAVAL FIGHT. J 13 



a high evidence that genius of the most brilliant 
description, is not Confined to the civilized world. 
The speech is pathetic and filled with energy. It is 
literally given. 

SPEECH. 

" Do not grieve. Misfortunes will happen to the 
wisest and best men. Death will come, and always 
comes out of season. It is the command of the Great 
Spirit, and all nations and people must obey. What 
is past and cannot be prevented should not be griev- 
ed for, Be not discouraged or displeased then, that 
in visiting your father here, you have lost your 
chief. A misfortune of this kind may never again 
befal you, but this would have attended you perhaps 
at your own village. Five times have I visited tins 
land and never returned with sorrow or pain. Misfor- 
tunes do not flourish, particularly in our path. They 
grow every where. — fJldblressing himself to gov. 
Edwards and col. Miller J What a misfortune for 
me, that I could not have died this, day, instead of 
the chief that lies before us. The trifling loss my 
nation would have sustained in my death would 
have been doubly paid for by the honors of my 
burial. They would have wiped off every thing 
like regret. Instead of being covered with the 
cloud of sorrow, my warriors would have felt the 
sun-shine of joy in their hearts. To me it would 
have been a most glorious occurrence. Hereafter 
when I die at home, instead of a noble grave and 
a grand procession, the rolling music and the 
thundering cannon, with a white flag waving at 
my head — I shall be wrapt in a robe, (an old robe 
perhaps) and hoisted on a slender scaffold to the 
whistling winds, soon to be blown to the earth — my 
flesh to be devoured by wolves, and my bones rat- 
tled on the plains by the wild beasts. 

C Addresses himself to col. Miller J 

" Chief of the Warriors — Your labors have not 
been vain — Your attention shall not be forgotten. 
My nation shall know the respect that is paid over 
the dead, When I return I will echo the sound of 
your guns." 

It will be recollected that Black Thunder, a 
Fox chief, has ever maintained a friendly disposition 
towards the United States. Although, from the 
conduct of the Sacks and Foxes, suspicion may have 
alighted upon him, yet no evidence of hostility has 
yet been discovered or manifested. His conduct 
seems to have been decided and uniform. On the 
20th July the commissioners met some Fox Indians 
in the council Arbor at Portage; and were first 
addressed by one of a different tribe. He is said 
to have trembled like an aspin leaf, scarcely (no 
doubt from conciousness of guilt) being' able to 
articulate. When he had finished, the Black Thun- 
der rose, and with a firm and manly dignity deli- 
vered the following speech. It was addressed to 
governor Clark, as the organ of the Commissioners. 

SPEECH. 

My Father — Restrain your feelings, and hear 
camly what I shall say. I shall tell it to you plainly. 
I shall not speak with fear and trembling. I feel 
no fear. I have no cause to fear. I have never injured 
vou, and innocence can feel no fear. I turn to all, 
red skins and white skins, and challenge an accu- 
sation against me. 

My Father — I don s t understand well how things 
are working. I have been just set at liberty. Am I 
again to be plunged into bondage ? I know not how 
or where to turn my head. Frowns are on all sides. 
J. have never forgot what my great lather told me. 
No man has ever been able to change me. You 
may perhaps, my father, be ignorant of what I tell 



you, but it is a truth which I call Heaven and Earth 
to witness — a fact that can be easily proved — that I 
have been assailed in every possible way that pride, 
fear, interest or feeling could touch me — that I have 
been pushed to the last for to keep up the toma- 
hawk against you : But all in vain. I never could 
be made to feel that you were my enemy. If this 
be the conduct of an enemy I shall never be your 
friend. 

You are acquainted, my father, with my removal 
above Prairie du Chein. I went and formed a settle- 
ment, and called my warriors around me. We 
counseled and took our determination, from which 
we never departed. We smoked, and resolved to 
make common cause with the United States. I sent 
you the pipe. I took great pains in sending it, that 
the Indians of the Mississppi might not know what 
was doing. I sent it by the Missouri* It re 
sembled this, my father. You received it. My 
determination was then taken. I told you we were 
ready to make war — that your enemies should be oiir 
enemies, and waited only for the signal. If doing 
all this is to manifest hostile disposition, I do not 
know how to be friendly, The tilings I tell you, my 
father, because it is a truth, a melancholy truth, that 
the good things which men do are often buried in 
the ground and forgot, while their evil deeds are 
stripped naked and proclaimed to the world. 

My father — When I come it was simply to hear 
what you had to say to me. I little thought I 
should have to defend myself. If I had been your 
enemy I would doubtless have taken some caution. 
I would have come with my excuses all prepared. 
But having ever held you by the hand, I have no 
excuses to offer. I consider myself, and wish to be 
considered in the same condition as before the war. 
If I had fought against you, my father, I would have 
told it to you, as those of my nation who have, will 
be compelled to do whe they come — It will be for 
them to make their own defence in the best way. I 
have nothing to say but for myself and tribe. 

My father — As to what has or may be done in 
council here, I have no tiling to $ay. It is simply 1 > 
repeat what I said to my great father, the president 
of the United States. — You heard it, and no doubt 
remember it. It is simply to say, that my land.'; 
can never be surrendered. I was cheated, basely 
cheated, in the contract. While I live they shall 
never be surrendered. 

My father — I call heaven and earth to witness, 
and smoke the pipe in evidence of the truth and 
sincerity of what I have said. I remember the* 
sentiments my great father expressed towards me. 
I hope he and you still cherish the same. If you 
do, I know you will receive the pipe. My only desire 
is to smoke it with you — to grasp your sacred hand, 
and claim the protection of the United States for 
myself and tribe. I hope as the pipe touches your 
lips, it will operate as a blessing on all my tribe — 
that the smoke will rise like a cloud, and as it passes 
away will carry with it all the animosities tha'.. 
have arisen between us. 



Ancient naval fight on lake Eric, 

Oil A PIECE OF WYAXDOTT HISTORY. 

[ Communicated by. Stanley Grisxuold, Esq.] 
During my residence at Detroit, I had the folio 1 / 
ing story from the chiefs of the Wyandott nation, 
(called by the French kurons) and principally from 
IValk-in-the-1 rater, a man of superior penetration 
and eloquence. 

Near 200 years ago, as well as I could recollect. 
their nation resided on the north shore of Lake On 



]14 MLES' WEEKLY REGISTER'S ATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, l$]fi. 



tario. and the St. Lawrence river. Opposite to and New Connecticut have been settled by the 
them, on the south side of tho.se waters, resided the, whites, there has not been much connection between 
Seaecas, A -aoman, as happened among other na-jthem. The above circumstance, however, may go 
tkms. was the cause of a terrible war between them,! some way to account for the readiness of the Indian 
Which terminated in the expulsion of the former j tribes in the Gennessee country (or the Six Actions 
from the country. She was the wife of one of the! of whom the Senecas are a part) to unite in the 
Seneca chiefs, to whom the Wyandotteprince took 



The war immediately ensued, and was prosecuted 
with great cruelty and slaughter for a long time. 
At last a final battle came on (upon the northern 
territory) in which the Wyandotts were worsted and 
were obliged to fly with great rapidity. The great- 
er part took a course to the west, and their antago- 
nists followed them vigorously till they came to 
the streights of lakes Huron and St. Clair. The 
fugitives calculated to pass on the ice, but found it 
iust broken up and then floating down the streight. 
Their only alternative was to throw themselves up- 
on it, and leaping from cake to cake they all safely 
reached the opposite shore. Their pursuers not 
chusing to encounter the risk, returned home. 

The nations among whom the Wyandotts now 
found themselves, viz. the. PotaxuaUamies, Ottawas, 
Chippe-oas, received them with frendship, and gave 
or lent them land to settle on. At the solicitation 
of the strangers, they even went so for as to fit out 
a fleet of large and excellent birch canoes with a 
view to meet the Seneca; whom they expected on 
with a fleet from the east. These canoes were 
chiefly built on the streights and higher lakes, and 
came "to a rendezvous about where Maiden now is. 
It is said they made a grand show. The Senecas 
not having as* good materials, were obliged to make 
use of log canoes, hollowed out of the trunks or 
trees'. These were far more clumsy and unmanagea- 
ble than those made of the birch bark ; the latter 
being superior to our best akiffs and may safety 
brave the surges of the lakes. 

The Wvandots and their allies set out from their 
rendezvous, coasting the north side of lake Erie 
till they came to Long- Point, within 20 or 30 miles 
of the eastern end of the lake. Here they made a 
halt, not deeming it prudent to double the point till 
they had looked around it. For this purpose they 
dispatched a few men across the point, who happen- 
ed to meet midwav, with about the same number 
of the cnemv, dispatched for a similar object. Each 
party retreated to their fleet, except one or two 
Wyandotts, who ascended trees to ascertain the si- 
tuation and number of their enemy and the nature 
of their craft, which the} found to be logs. 

Now a grand manoeuvre was set on foot — the birch 
canoe party proceeded to the end of the point, and 
in full view of their enemy, put out directly into the 
lake. The Senecas immediately pursued, and when 
they had readied about midway of the lake the birch 
canoee turned upon them and gave them such battle 
as could not be withstood. All the Senecas were 
slain but one man, who pretended to be dead, but 
v/as afterwards found alive, and was permitted to go 
home to tell the catastrophe to his nation. 

Thus closed the war, and the Wyandotts remained 
in peace in their new station. This is supposed to 
have been the first naval action on the lakes. 

Several circumstances conspire to gain credit to 
this relation. 

One is the inveterate prejudice and hatred ex 
iflting between the Wyandotts and Senecas to this 
day. The cause of this hatred has recently assumed 
other forms than the ancient war ,- the former 
cusc the latter of administering bad medicine, by 



present war against the British and their allies. 
For the Wyandotts are the right-hand men of the 
British, — though few in numbrr, they are first in 
council and first in the field, or rather woods, and 
deservedly so too on account of their superior in- 
formation and talents. 

Again, I have often heard the chiefs of those na- 
tions by whom the Wyandotts were so hospitably re- 
ceived and assisted, upbraid the latter, in their an- 
ger, of want of gratitude — telling them they were 
strangers and they took them in, that the ground 
occupied by them was theirs, &c. 

The. language of the Wyandotts lias no affinity to 
that of the nations around them : whereas the latter 
all speak one language, though with considerable 
dialectic variations ; one interpreter serves well for 
all these,but he understands nothing of the language 
of the former, nor do these nations understand each 
other any better than the Europeans and Chinese, un- 
less it be a few words acquired by long intercourse. 
But the language of the Wyandotts is nearly or quite 
the same as that of the Cognewagoes, low down in 
Canada, and also of the Mohawks, as I am told. A 
remarkable singularity in it is, that it has no labials; 
their lips are always apart in speaking, and they 
have many guttural sounds. 

Indeed the Wyandotts expressly claim a relation- 
ship to the Canadian Cognewagoes, abovementioned, 
and I know that visits were exchanged between them , 
What was still more remarkable, they assured me a 
part of the Creek nation were their relations, and 
visits had been interchanged with them also. They 
say, that on their great discomfiture and expulsion 
by the Senecas, a part of their nation fled down the 
St. Lawrence, who are now the Cognewagoes ; and 
of the main body who fled westward, some were un- 
willing to stop in the neighborhood of the lakes, and 
proceeded on to the Ohio river, where they made 
conoes and descended southwardly till they obtain- 
ed hospitality at last among the Creeks, By min- 
gling with them they had not kept themselves dis- 
tinct like the other branches. 

The Wyandotts are all Christian Catholics, while 
few individuals of the nations around them have 
emerged from heathenism. This shows the former 
to have on.ee resided within easy scope of the old 
French missionaries, whose head quarters were 
Quebec and Montreal. They now own a large 
church at Sandwich, nearly opposite Detroit, where 
the French and they worship jointly. It has a hand- 
some dome, covered with tin, with a considerable 
bell. The straitened limits of this nation has leu 
them to the cultivation of civilized arts, which is 
probably the foundation of their superior abilities 
and influence at present. They build good cabins, 
till the ground, raise stock, and are generally seen 
on good horses — still they adhere to the Indian 
dress. Their settlements are Moguaga, Browstown 
and Sandusky — names now familiar to the public 



-Nat. Int. 



Foreign Articles. 

LATEST FROM EUROPE. 



London papers of August 20— Paris dates of Jug. 27. 
A London paper of August 19 has the following 
which 'the'v mean a kind of inexplicable witchcraft,! remarkable paragraph -.—"With a view to assure the 
or conjuration. But since the Gennessee country possession of Canada, in case of a rupture -with r« 






NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



115 



United States, the government has given orders to-build 
■upon the lakes new ships nf war and gun-vessels, proper 
Jbr the navigation of those -waters. Every thing is 
preparing in England for the arming and equipping oj 
those vessels" 

Napoleon Bonaparte. — The following- protect is 
copied from a London paper of August 21 ; — "I pro- 
test solemnly, before God and before men, against 
the violation of my sacred rig'hts, which is commit- 
ted, in disposing by force of my person and of my 
liberty. I came voluntarily on board the Belle.ro- 
phon. I am not a prisoner ; I am an inhabitant of 
England. 

From the moment I set foot on board the Belle- 
roplion, I was under tne protection of the Eng-lish 
nation. If its government in giving to the captain 
of the Bellerophon orders to receive me and my suite, 
meant only-to enslave rae, it has lost its honor and 
sullied its flag. 

If that act be put in execution, it will be in vain 
that the English will boast of their loyalty, their 
laws and their liberty, British faith will be stained 
by the hospitality of the Bellerophon. I appeal to 
Jiistoryto say whether an enemy, who, after having 
during twenty years made war against the Eng-lish 
nation, cemes willingly upon a reverse of fortune, to 
seek an asylum under the protection of her laws, 
can give a more convincing proof of his esteem and 
confidence ; but how have the English requited that 
confidence and such magnanimity ? They have pre- 
tended to hold out a friendly hand to that enemy, 
and when lie committed himself to their good faith, 
they sacrificed him. 

(Signed) NAPOLEON. 

Bellerophon, at sea, August 4, 1815." 

American seamen. — Th,e last London papers say, 
that on the representation of the unemployed Bri- 
tish seamen, more than 100 American sailors, em- 
ployed on board of British merchantmen, had been 
discharged ; and a vessel taken up to bring them to 
America. 

The British minister for the United States had not 
embarked at the date of our last accounts. It was 
said he would not proceed on his embassy for seve- 
ral weeks. 

The plague appears to rage with great violence 
in many of the ports of the Levant. 

Orders have been given to reduce the navy of 
Great Britain to 12,000 seamen and 500 marines. 

The Paris papers contain amusing accounts of the 
seizure of Joseph Bonaparte, who is snug near New- 
York. 

It is understood that marshal JYey will be the 
next victim to the military tribunal established at 
Paris. Much blood must "be shed before the allies 
will feel content that Louis is the desired of the 
French people! Drouet, Laborde, JJebille, &c. will 
follow. It is said that marshals Massena and Ange- 
reau are members of the council to try marshal Key. 

It appears that corps of Prussian troops are yet 
entering- France! It is asserted that the first and 
second line of French fortresses will be garrisoned 
by the allies— never to he restored to their "legitimate 
sovereign." The allies are not content with Louis' 
organization of his new army, and he must re- 
model it. 

The duke of Bassano (Marat) has been arrested 
in Szvitzerland. 

Murat and Thionville are also said to be in custo- 
dy — but one report says, that the former was set at 
liberty. 

The British are sending out two officers to ex- 
plore the source of the Niger ! This is an act wor- 
thy of a great government, 



The Plague. It is said 15,000 persons die daiiv 
of the plague at Cairo! 

Algiers is reported to have declared war again si 
Spain. 

Royal couplings. We have it reported that the 
hereditary prince of the Netherlands is to he cou- 
pled with the grand duchess Anne of Russia; and 
that his former betrothed, Charlotte of Wales, is to 
be coupled with a prince of Prussia, nephew! • the 
king. 

Loins is Icing of France / The London papers ex- 
press an unqualified opinion that if Louis is left un- 
protected by foreign bayonets his "beloved subjects" 
will instantly drive him from the throne. They 
speak of large provinces to be cut off from France, 
and that it will be necessary long to "hold the lod" 
over that country, by keeping within it large bodies 

of troops just to secure its independence ! We 

have an article (too long for insertion this week) 
detailing the different departments of France which 
are respectively assigned to the military occupation 
of the Prussian, British, Austrian, Russian, Bava- 
rian, Saxon and Wirtemburg armies. Louis is hard- 
ly a deputy king — and if his tameness, with the 
outrages of the allies, does not provoke the French 
people to another struggle, we shall be greatly mis- 
taken. Every drop of blood they shed shall yet be 
retaliated. 

Liberty of the press ! On the 10th of Angust the 
king of France issued the following- decree : 

Louis, by the grace of God, king of France and 
Navarre, to all who shall see these presents, health : 

Afier having heard our ministers, and on the re- 
port of our minister secretary of state for the de- 
partment of general police, we have decreed and 
do decree as follows : 

Article 1. All the authorizations granted for jour- 
nals till this da} r , of what nature soever are revoked, 
and none of the aforesaid journals can appear, un- 
less they receive a new authority from our minister 
of general police, before the 10th of August cur- 
rent, for the journals of Paris, and before the 20ih 
of August next for those of the departments. 

2. All periodical writings shall be submitted to the 
examination of a commission whose members shall be 
appointed by us, on the presentation of our minister of 
the general police. 

3. Our minister general of police is entrusted with 
the execution of the present ordinance. 

Given at the castle of the Thuiiieries, the 8th of 
the month of August, year of grace 1815, and the 
21st of our reign. 

(Signed) LOUIS. 

Journal de Paris, 

State of France. A letter from Bordeaux, dated 
August 31, says — "The last advices from Paris arc 
of a very gloomy nature. It is said the allied pow- 
ers have declared, that their armies shall not leave 
France, until the ivhole of the seditious faction be 
annihilated ; they declare that it is necessary for the 
safety of the king, and the tranquility of Europe 
that every traitor be punished. This declaration has 
created great consternation in the capital. 

"On the other side, we received this morning, 
confirmation, that the fortifications of Bayonne have 
been taken possession of by twenty thousand Spa- 
niards, who entered the city with the white flag. 
The general opinion now is., that the allies will re- 
main in France, until by their contributions, re- 
quisitions, &c. they have so weakened her, as to re- 
duce her to complete impotence, to do any mischief 
for a long time to come." 

Another letter says—" The state of France is at 
this moment distressing and degrading hi the ex- 



116 NILF.S' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1815. 



treme — overran by a band of foreign troops, com'! 
posed of almost every nation in Europe, paid, fed 
and clothed by forced contributions, and their lead- 
ers manifesting; a disposition to reduce her to the' 
condition of a province ; the inhabitants even of this 
section of the country (who have always been enthu- 
siastically attached to the Bourbons) begin to look 
upon those allies, who, on their entrance into France, 
they hailed as their deliverers, as their most dread- 
ed enemies ; and from what I can observe, I feel 
pretty well assured, unless a change of conduct in 
their conquerors takes place, they will make some 
desperate effort to throw off the yoke in the course 
of a very few months." 

By latest verbal news from. France by the Spartan 
(says the New York Columbian) we learn that hor- 
TibL excesses are constantly committed in the de- 
portments by the allied troops ; that the allied kings 
declined giving any specific answer to Louis the 
eighteenth ; that they had prohibited the printing 
of Fonche's report to the king on the deplorable state 
of France ; that the French army had not submitted, 
but were inithe mountains of Auvergne ; daily in- 
creased by volunteers ; that shocking massacres had 
been committed on the protestants near Nismes, 
where it was wickedly contrived to hold them up as 
Bonapartists— 1500 are the number said to have been 
killed — that a Spanish army was marching into 
Prance, also ! 

The duke of Gtranto's report is received in town. 
We hear it was copied, re-copied and privately cir- 
culated through France. [Wc expect to insert it 
in our next.] 

Barbarous expressions. — Before the capitulation of 
Paris, the London Sun of June 28, published the fol- 
lowing: "Massena&as been appointed to supersede 
Bonaparte in the command of the national guard of 
Paris. Should any attempt be made to defend that 
city, we trust it will be laid in ruins, as an eternal 
monument of the retributive justice of Heaven. 3 ' 

Some difference is said to have arisen between 
the sovereign of the Netherlands and the the king 
of Prussia as to territory. This is mentioned in the 
London Statesman. 

It is stated that the foreign troops (except 150,000 
to remain in evidence of the love of the people of 
France for the Bourbons!) would begin to evacuate 
that country early in September. 

General Kosciusko resides at present in Switzer- 
land. 

Paris, Aug. 13. — A letter from Vienna of the 28th 
ultimo, suvs — "When the intelligence of Napoleon 
having surrendered himself to the English arrived 
here the empress went to Baden to prepare the 
arch ducliess Maria Lousia for this news. She re- 
ceived it with firmness, but shut herself up in her 
apartments. We are assured that she will soon leave 
Baden to return to the castle of Schocnbrun. She 
has fordid the persons who attended on her son to 
inform him of the events which, have occurred in 
France." 

August 16. Lab cdoy ere heard his sentence read 
in prison with great composure. lie asked captain 
Vlotti if he had not twenty-fun- hours to appeal. — 
On being answered in the affirmative, he said "that 
is sufficient/' We are assured that the documents 
were yesterday delivered by the cicrk to the coun- 
cil of revision, and that its decision will be given 
to-day. As these proceedings relate solely to forms 
the prisoner cannot be present. 

The first council of war is already engaged with 
the affair of general Drouet. Marshal Key, gene- 
ral Deoille, and others, will be successively tried 
by the first and second comv:! 



Marshal Soult, who was apprehended at Mende, 
has been set at liberty He has retired to bis cas- 
tle at St. Amand, near Castres, where he is to re- 
main under the superintendance of the minister of 
the general police, according to the ordinance of 
the 24th of July. 

In taking the inventory of the effects which ma- 
dame Murat brought to Trieste, there have been 
found, it is said, 1,800,000 ducats, 20 cwt. of silver 
plate, diamonds on a very moderate valuation, to 
the , mount of at least 3,000,000, besides a great 
many valuable paintings and antiques; the latter, 
it is affirmed, are sequestrated, but all the rest is 
secured to her in full property. 

August 27. It is said that the Swiss diet have 
decreed that the duke of Bassano shall not reside 
in the Swiss cantons, and that he must quit Berne 
on the 17th to return to France. 

We learn that the siege of Huniguen commenced 
on the 20th. Towards evening and during the whole 
night, until morning, a very lively cannonade was 
kept up from the batteries built around Huniguen. 
On both banks of the Rhine, for eight days, great 
preparations both for attack and defence had been 
made. Many princes will assist at the siege, which 
will be conducted according to all the rules of art. 
The archduke Ferdinand, eldest son of the emperor 
of Austria, and general Barclay de Tolly have hired 
lodgings at Basle. The commandant of Huniguen 
has hoisted the red flag by the side of the tri-co- 
lored; the same thing has been done at Befort. 

London, August 20. — 3 per cent, consols, left off 
yesterday at 56^, 5-8, and omnium at 7$. 

On Friday a large sum was vested in the British 
funds in the name of the noted Caulincourt, the 
duke of Vicenza. 

There is every reason to believe that Jerome Bo-_ 
naparte escaped from France one of the first, and 
without any accident. He left Paris on the 27th of 
June, with two plain carriages only, accompanied by 
a physician in one, while a valet and another person 
occupied the other. They took the Orleans road, 
and left the kingdom by the frontier of Switzerland. 
It is added that the king of Wirtemburg- has con- 
sented that Jerome Bonaparte snail reside in his 
states, and that the princess his wife (daughter of 
the king) is to live with him again. 

Some of the private letters by yesterday's mail 
from Paris assert, that an arrangement has been 
concluded between the allied powers and the 
French government, by which the latter is to pay to 
the former, within a stipulated period, the sum of 
600,000,000 francs, towards indemnifying them for 
the expences of the war. As a security for the due 
fulfilment of this engagement, the whole of the 
northern and eastern fortresses arc to be placed in 
the hands of the allies, and exclusive of the force 
necessary to garrison the places so delivered up, an 
army of at least 150,000 more men will remain in 
the interior of France until the last instalment of 
the contribution shall have been paid. The French 
government takes upon itself, in the mean time, the 
entire burden of subsisting the allied troops, for 
which purpose it engages to advance monthly the 
sum of 25,000,000 francs, to be distributed in the 
following proportion, viz. five millions each to Rus- 
sia, Prussia, Austria and England, and five millions 
to be divided among the minor states. 

The frigate Eurotas sailed from Plymouth on Sa- 
turday, having on board Savary,Lallemand and other 
persons wlio wre not permitted to accompany Bo- 
naparte to St. Helena. It is said that they are to 
bfi carried to Malta. 



NILES* WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



117 



TRIAL OF COL. LABEDOYERE. 

. [The following sketch of the trial of the celebrated 
col. Labedoyere, is copied from a Paris paper of the 
16th August— a paper edited tender the immediate 
snperintendancc of the censors of Low's 18th, for 
'which allowances must be made.] 

[TRANSLATED; FOR THE BALTIMORE PATRIOT.] 

AFFAIR OF COL. LABEDOYERE. 

2d council of war. 

This affair for a long- time past had excited the 
liveliest interest and curiosity in the public mind. 
Among- the spectators were remarked several stran- 
I g-ers of the highest distinction: prince William of 
Prussia, the prince of Orange, the prince of Wir- 
temburg-, &c. and several general officers. The 
trial commenced at half past 11 o'clock. The char- 
ges of accusation were read. 

Col. Labedoyere denied that he had held any com- 
mand in the army after the capitulation; he acknow- 
ledged that he remained several days at Rhom, and 
that he expected to be appointed chef d' etat-major 
of the 2d corps. 

Being asked why he concealed himself in the 
house of madame Fonterry, where he was arrested, 
in Paris, he replied that that lady was the friend of 
madame Labedoyere. He denied that he had ever 
had any communication with the Isle of Elba du- 
ring Bonaparte's residence there, or that he had re- 
ceived any order from him whatever. He avowed, 
that previously to the return of Bonaparte, he did 
frequent society where political discontent was man- 
ifested: and that on some points he entertained simi- 
lar sentiments of dicontent, but not on others. 

It appeared by col. L's papers, which had been 
seized, that he had conceived a design of going 
to the U. States, and that a Mr. Ouvard had given 
him two letters of credit, of which one was on a 
house in Philadelphia — among them was also found 
a passport granted to him under the name of Huche, 
by the sub-prefect of Rhiom. 

The declarations of the witnesses were read. 

In an interrogatory which col. L. had undergone, 
and which was read, he avowed that he did send an 
officer to meet Bonaparte after his landing, and 
that on his entry he escorted him with his whole 
regiment. He. confessed that he had caused the 
Eagle of his regiment to be carried to Greno- 
ble by one of his servants: that his regiment march- 
ed out of Grenoble by his orders, himself at the 
head of it: that gen. Devillers made representations 
to him, which he did not think himself bound to 
submit to because he (cob L.) had solely the inter- 
est and safety of his country in view. He demanded 
that every person who might have any knowledge 
of the facts imputed to him might be heard. 

The accused was conducted into the presence of 
the judges. His stature is elevated: his physiogno- 
my fine and agreeable. He at first appeared "pale 
and somewhat dejected, but his countenance. soon 
resumed an air of confidence: and his public inter- 
rogatory commenced. 

He states that his name is Charles Angeliqe Fran- 
cois Huchet de Labedoyere t aged 29 years, a general 
officer. 

He acknowledged that lie had been appointed by 
.the king colonel of the 7th regiment of the line; 
and had recieved a white flag for his regiment, but 
that not being present when the white flag arrived 
at Chambery, he declared that he never took the 
oath. 

He declared that he carried out his regiment to 
meet Bonaparte, and uttered the cry of vive Vempe- 
reur. He was asked if gen. Devillers, his superior, 
did not make representations to him — he replied 
that he did not yield to them, because the consi- 



derations on which the motives of his conduct wore 
founded seemed to him above all personal interest* 
He desired to be heard before the evidence of the 
witnesses should be taken which was granted. 

He read observations tending- to prove that he 
ought not to be judged by the council of the first mi- 
litary division, but by the council of that division 
in which the fact took place, and desired that the 
witnesses on both sides should be equally heard. — 
The witnesses were called. 

Count D'Agout repeats the declaration he had 
before made, and does it with the utmost reserve. 
Col. L. questions him if he knew the military mea- 
sures that had been taken for the defence of Greno- 
ble. — The witness says that he only knew the ar- 
rangements made relative to the placing of the ar- 
tillery. 

General Devillers deposes, that he ordered col. 
Labedoyere to proceed with his regiment from 
Chambery to Grenoble. The 7th March, about 4 P. 
M. he learned that the colonel had left the town 
with his corps and gone to meet Bonaparte; that he 
hastened after the colonel on the road to Gap and 
overtook him, represented to him his duty, his oaths, 
and the interest of his family; but the colonel re- 
fused to obey him. The accused reminds gen. De- 
villers of certain questions he proposed to him at 
Grenoble, and which prove that he doubted of the 
efficacy of the measures taken for the defence of that 
place against an attack from Bonaparte. The general 
acknowledges the correctness of these facts. 

M, Andru, a lawyer of Grenoble, deposes, that 
on the 7th March he saw col. L. going out at the head 
of his regiment crying vive Vempereur! — and in the 
evening saw him in the cortege of Bonaparte, re- 
turning at the head of his regiment. 

M.Bouret, of Grenoble, declares that he was not 
an eye-witness of col. L's defection, but that he 
heard it spoken of. 

M. Gagnon, lieutenant, in non-activitv, at Greno- 
ble, declares that colonel Labedoyere lodged at his 
house, and that a month after Bonaparte's return 
he found a white flag that had been torn up, the. 
morning after Bonaparte's arrival at Grenoble. 

M. Crouy, chasseur royal at Grenoble, deposes 
that he heard it said, on the 7th March, that col. L. 
had placed an eagle upon the end of a branch of 
willow, and had distributed tri-colored cockades to 
his soldiers. The next day the witness saw that, 
eagle on the square at Grenoble. 

The president reads the article of the code which 
permits him to call in witnesses in virtue of his dis- 
cretionary power, and they are introduced in the 
following- order. 

M. Maximi, royal volunteer at Barreau; he declares 
that he heard spoken of the defection of col. Lube- 
doyere; adding that on the night of the 7th, being 
near Beaune, he heard some one from without ex- 
claim, "make way for me, my friends, we have ser- 
ved together: I am colonel of the 7th, and the em- 
peror is there." 

M. Randon, of St. Marcel, deputy king's attorr.ev 
at Grenoble, was not an eye-witness of the affair 
of col. L. ; but some time before that having- dined, 
in company with him he heard him give a very 
equivocal toast; and after the entry of Bonaparte, 
the circumstance of that toast was forcibly brought 
to his recollection The witness adds, that he him- 
self was met by Bonaparte on the 7th March and 
being recognized was interrogated by him as to the 
spirit of the people of Grenoble. 

The witnesses being- heard, the president asks 
col. Labedoyere if he desires that any others should 
be introduced; and on the answer of the accused 
in the negative, the reporter takes up the subject 



Jig NILBtt WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1815: 



He retraces the principal facts of which col. 
Libedovere stands charged, with clearness and pre- 
cision, and supports them hy the declarations of the 
witnesses and the acknowledgment of the accused. 

"Thus, says he, col. Labedoyere, forgetful of his 
oath, went forward to receive the man, against whom 
he was bound to combat untill death, and became 
his accomplice." 

The reporter found the crime to be the greater, 
as the crimes resulting from it were the more 
calamitous. 

Mr. Bexon presented himself, not as the ad 
vocate. but as the counsel of the accused, confined 
himself to the following observations, and addressed 
the iudges : — "Gentlemen, before I determined to 
lend any assistance to the misfortune of col. Labe- 
dovere,*I endeavored fed know him, and to pene- 
trate into the recesses of his soul— I have found 
there, nobleness and grandeur, and I have thought 
that his defence could not inspire more interest in 
the minds of his judges, than wluen delivered from 
lis own lips." 

The colonel rose and read his defence, which 
appeared to be written in haste upon loose sheets 
of paper. He protested that he had never betrayed 
his honor. "If the accusation," said he, " regarded 
only my life, he who has sometimes led brave men 
*o the post of death would himself again face death 
like a man of courage, and I would not occupy your 
attention with the sentiments that have directed 
my conduct : but my honor is attacked as well as 
my life, and I am the more bound to defend it, as it 
belongs not exclusively to myself; I am accountable 
for it to a wife, the model of every virtue; and shall 
my son, in the same moment that the light of 
reason shall dawn upon his mind, blush for his 
heritage ? 1 feel that I am able to resist the most 
terrible of blows, if I can exclaim— my honor is 
preserved. ... . 

"I may have been deceived, misled by illusions, by 
recollections, bv false ideas of honor; it is possible 
that my country may have spoken a chimerical 
language to my heart." 

[The accused declared that he had neither the 
intention, nor the possibility of denying public and 
notorious facts, but he wished to justify himself 
against the accusation of having been engaged in a 
plot which preceded the return of Bonaparte. He 
spoke of the virtues of the king and depleted the 
enthusiasm of the people in his favor when he 
ascended the throne; but, he said that the faults of 
Mis ministers had damped the public spirit. When 
he wished to explain that gradual discontent which 
he would have argued in extenuation of his crime, 
the president observed to him, that he must confine 
himself simply to his defence, and not enter into 
political discussions, which were foreign from it. 
ft is not of a political crime that you are accused, 
said he, but of a military one.] 

" How do you expect," replied col. Labedoyere, 
" that I should combat notorious facts, or disavow 
public actions ? I never conceived such an idea; 
and since you forbid me to enter into an examination 
of the political causes that determined the conduct 
which I have to answer for before you, I renounce 
all further defence; I will confine myself to the 
acknowledgment of a great error, and I confess it 
with sorrow, when 1 view the deplorable state of 
my country. My fault is not to have better 
understood the intentions of the king." 

Col. Labedoyere made a tardy, yet an affecting 
Separation to the monarch, which he terminated 
WitS the folio wing words: 

* I have shed my blood for my Country, and I am 



" willing to believe that my death, preceded by my 
" error, will be of some utility; that my memory 
" will not be held in horror, and when my son 
" shall arrive at an age to be fit for the service of* 
" his country, that his country will not reproach 
" him with his name." 

The firm and noble accent, the modest and manly 
countenance, and the penetrating tone of colonel 
Labedoyere inspired all the auditors with one sen- 
timent, which was no doubt equally felt by the 
judges; with a regret that so many fine qualities, 
which might have rendered the possessor the pride 
of his country and of his family, should have con- 
tributed but to make him the instrument of an 
event that has covered France with the most fright- 
ful calamity. 

After a long deliberation, the president of the 
council returned into the audience chamber with 
the visible expression of grief, accompanied by the 
other judges, and pronounced against col. Labe- 
doyere, the sentence of Death ! — One of the motives 
of the judgment was, that col. L. had not availed 
himself of the delay of 8 days, allowed by the king 
to all the accomplices of Bonaparte, within which 
term they were suffered to return to their duty. M 
The council of war was composed of 

Bertfiier de Sauvignv, adjutant commandant— j 
President. \ 

Viotti, chef de Battallion — commissary reporter, 

Mazerot de Montdesir, adjutant commandant, 

Duraxd, idem. 

St. Just, chef de Battallion. 

Chevalier Lantirv, captain-adjoint of the etat 
major. 

Viscount Grenier, idem. 

Gaudriot, officer of gendarmery — king's attorney. 

J\ote. — col. Labedoyere appealed from the judg- 
ment; but the appeal was not admitted — and the 
sentence was carried into execution. 

Conversation — for the year 3815. 

James. — I was born, sir, in the island of St. Helena. 

Felix. — Indeed ! Ah, the name of that place is 
very familiar. It is celebrated as the place to which 
the famous Bonaparte was exiled, by certain allied 
sovereigns, whose names I cannot recollect. 

James. — I believe there is, in the Antiquarian Li- 
brary, in the great city of Madison, on Jackson 
River, an historical Avork, which gives some account 
of those sovereigns. I recollect the name of Alex- 
ander of Russia. There was also another potentate, 
who governed an island between the Atlantic and 
German Oceans, who had a hand in the affair. That 
island, now a province, was then a kingdom of vast 
naval power. It was at that time ruled by a prince 
reg v ent, which circumstance was preserved from 
oblivion by his having Napoleon in his immediate 
custody. More than that I have never heard of him; 
and his very no/me appears to be totally forgotten. 

»< [Yankee 

state paper. 
Vienna, April 4, 1815 The undersigned, am- 
bassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary ©f Ids, 
majesty the king of Spain to the congress of Vien- 
na, has the honor to claim that the state of Parma, 
Flacentia, and Guastalla, militarily occupied by 
Austrian troops, be given up without delay, to their 
sovereign the infant don Charles Louis king of 
Etruria, the only obstacle opposed to this act of 
justice having been removed by the declaration of 
congress, cf the 13th March.— He hopes that his 
majesty, the emperor of Austria, will give his or- 
ders to this effect, and this done, that measures 
will be taken, without the extraordinary delay hi 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. J|9 



therto experienced in this affair, for the restitution 
of the territory which the French government de- 
tached from the duchy of Parma to unite it to the 
duchy of Modena, and for a suitable indemnity for 
that ceded to Austria by the treaty of Paris, on the 
left bank of the Po. 

Although the king of Etruria has other rights %o 
reclaim, the undersigned confines himself at pre- 
sent to requiring the restitution of the hereditary 
states of his majesty as an immediate consequence 
of the said declaration of congress in its sitting on 
the 13th of March. By that declaration the pow- 
ers who signed the treaty of Paris, some of whom 
abo signed the treaty of Fontainbleau, announced 
in the face of Europe, that the treaty of Fontain- 
bleau, which placed Bonaparte in the Isle of Elba, 
and gave the archduchess Maria Louisa, the three 
duchies was broken up by the escape of Bonaparte 
and his forcible entrance into France. 

In truth, the powers who by the treaty of Fon- 
tainbleau, gave to the archduchess Maria Louisa, 
the three duchies, disposed of that which did not 
belong to them, for military occupation forms no ti- 
tle. But when it was wished to insist on this ob- 
servation,, which admits of no reply, endeavors were 
made to persuade that it was necessary to turn our 
eyes from this contravention of the law of nations, 
to fix them on the inestimable blessings thus procur- 
ed to Europe, which had been saved, it was said, 
by that treaty. A single difficulty remained for 
solution — that of demonstrating that the sovereign 
of Parma, was under obligation, by any treaty, to 
devote himself for all the other sovereigns of Eu- 
rope, and that he ought to lose his entire political 
existence to preserve that of others, and even to 
procure them not only immense aggrandizements, 
but also the glory and happiness of procuring them 
for princes, their relatives, their allies, or their 
proteges. Doubtless we must not apply to politics 
the proverb, that there is nothing new under the 
sun, for it would be impossible to find a similar ex- 
ample even in the history of the French revolution, 
though so fertile in extraordinary maxims and 
deeds. But notwithstanding this, the treaty of Fon- 
lainbleau was signed by powers so respectable, and 
who had deserved so well of Europe, that it was 
proper to speak of it decorously, though at the 
same time avowing that it attacked, in regard to 
the house of Parma, the sacred principle of le- 
gitimacy, at the same time that it founded on that 
very principle the restoration of the French mo- 
narchy, or more properly speaking, the safely of Eu- 
rope, which could never be tranquil or happy 
while a single legitimate sovereign was not in pos- 
session of his states. Now, however, the treaty of 
Fontainbleau no longer exists, and 
highness the archduchess Maria Louisa has no right 
or title to the three duchies, in like manner as 
the emperor of Austria has no reason for Continuing 
to occupy them, nor to receive their revenues, 
while the sovereigns who derived them from their 
ancestors are wanderers, and owing their subsis- 
tence to the generosity of their relatives. As it is 
high time this state of things should cease,the under- 
signed requests prince Metternichto lay this recla- 
mation before his imperial majesty, whose love of 
justice is so well known, that it is impossible the 
king- of Etruria should not obtain from it that 
which is his due; or that if any unforeseen obsta- 
cle prevent his imperial majesty from doing this, 
prince Metternich will have the goodness to fix an 
early day for submitting the contents of this note 
to the congress, the undersigned being unable to 
believe that the powers who signed and published 



cution an essential part of it, a circumstance which 
would furnish the malignant, and thepartizans of 
the usurper, with reasons for hoping that the same 
tiling may happen as to other matters. 

The Spanish plenipotentiary might complain of 
the strange turn which has from the first been given 
to his reclamations in favor of the house of Parma. 
He might remark, that in the conference of the 
10th of December, a committee, of which lie form- 
ed a part, was appointed to discuss the business, 
and that this committee has never met, a thing un- 
exampled in all other congresses, and even in this 
one so extraordinary in many respects. That a pro- 
ject having been given by a member of the com- 
mittee in January, to prince Metternich, he replied 
thereto- by a counter project, which was officially 
communicated to the undersigned, who accepted it 
in substance and sent it to his court. That the lat- 
ter deemed it very extraordinary that it was refused 
to restore to the king of Etruria the city of Placen- 
tia, the only point of the three duchies which Aus- 
tria claimed to retain, and that because Flacentia 
was, it was said, a military point; as if a power 
which had 20 millions of subjects had need of mi- 
litary positions against a neighbor who had not 
400,000; or as if the treaty of Paris, which was to 
remain untouched, had not fixed the Po as the 
boundary of Austria: in fine, that on the occasion 
of the said counter-project, the undersigned was 
ordered by his august sovereign to insist on the en- 
tire restitution of the three duchies, and to sign no 
contrary convention, nor the treaty which is to ter- 
minate the congress, without this preliminary con- 
dition, in like manner as the protest which he made 
on the union of Genoa to Sardina. But all these 
observations become unnecessary in consequence 
of the declaration of the 13th of March and its ex- 
ecution, in as far as it concerns' the devolution of 
the three duchies to his majesty the infant don 
Charles Louis, speedily repairing the wrongs Which 
his majesty has had hitherto to complain of, will im- 
pose on the undersigned the agreeable necessity 
of keeping silence, both with regard to these facts 3 
and the cause to which they owe their origin. 

He begs his highness prince Metternich to ac- 
cept the assurance of his high consideration. 

(Signed) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 



Weights and Measures. 

A BILL (fas amended on re -commitment J for ascer- 
taining and establishing uniformity of weights and 
measures, before the British parliament. 
The preamblcof this bill sets forth the expedien- 
cy of having the weights and measures just and 
her imperial uniform; and the confusions or manifest frauds that 
have resulted from the neglect of that provision in 
the JMagna Charta and treaty of union,, between 
England and Scotland that the same weights and 
measures should be used throughout the kingdom. 
Standard yard — The first clause enacts, that from, 
the 24th June, 1816, the straight line or distance 
between the two points in the gold studs in the 
straight brass rod, now in the custody of the clerk 
of the house of commons, is declared to be the ori- 
ginal and genuine standard of length called a yard; 
and is declared to be the only unit or standard 
measure of extension throughout the kingdom; that 
one-third part of the said standard shall be a. foot; 
one-twelfth of such foot an inch; and that the'tll 
shall contain one yard and a quarter "of the said 
standard yards; the furlong 220 such yards, and the 
mile 1760 such yards. 



Computation of superficial measures. — The second 
the declaration of March v. ill refuse to put m exe-' clause enacts that all superficial measures shall be 



120 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SAT tJRDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1815. 



Computed from the said standard yard, or by mul- 
tiples or proportions therefrom: the rood containing 
1210 square yards, and the acre 4840 square yards, 
ail according" to the said standard yard. 

Immutable stinulard, — The third clause for the 
purpose of providing an immutable standard, by 
reference to which, if the standard yard should be 
lost or injured, it might be restored of the same 
Length; and it being- ascertained that the standard 
yard is to the pendulum vibrating- seconds in the 
mean latitude of ^London (113 feet above the level 
of the sea, and at the temperature of 64 degrees 



the new regulation is to be established in Great 
Britain. 

The provisions of the bill do not extend to 
Ireland. 



CHRONICLE. 

Pennsylvania Election. John Sergeant, esq. the 
federal and "old school" democratic candidate for 
congress, in the place of J. Williams, deceased, has 
been elected by a larg'e majority, in the district 
composed of the city and county of Philadelphi 



ua 
of Farenheit's thermometer), in the proportion of 36 f c ' „ The ?*&* in t]l « <% wer & *° r Sergeant 3029: 
inches to 39, 1847 inches : It is therefore enacted, 5f u S"f5 1511 ln Philadelphia county the re 
that if at any future period the standard should be 
lost, destroyed, or defaced, it shall be restored, 
by making, under the direction of the lord high 
treasurer, or the lords commissioners of the treasu- 



standard yard, bearing the same proportion to siich 
pendulum as aforesaid. 

Standard of weight. — The fourth clause enacts, that 
the standard of weight shall be the pound avoirdupois, 
the same being equal in weight to 27,648 cubic 
inches of pure water, at the temperature of 56 1-2 
degrees of Farenheifs thermometer, and a stand- 
ard pound avoirdupois shall he forthwith made as 
aforesaid, of gold, silver, or brass under the di- 
rection of the lord high treasurer, or lords com- 
missioners of his majesty's treasury or any three 
of them; that all measures of weight shall be taken 
in parts, multiples or certain proportions of the 
standard pound avoirdupois, viz. 14 of Such pounds 
shall make a stone, 8 of such stones a hundred iv eight, 
20 hundred weight a ton. Each pound to contain 
16 ounces, each ounce 16 drams, each dram 3 scncples, 
and each scruple 10 grains. 

Standard measure of capacity. — 'Clause fifth — This 
enacts, that both for dry and liquid goods the stand- 
ard measure shall be the gallon, containing 10 
pounds of pure water at the temperature of 56 1-2 
degrees of Farenheit's thermometer (being 276.48 
cubical inches) and that a standard gallon of this 
size shall be forthwith made of brass, under the 
direction of the person aforesaid; that all measures 
of capacity shall be taken from this standard in 
certain parts, multiples, or proportions, viz. that a 
quart shall be one-fourth of the said gallon; a pint 
the half of such quart; and that there shall be 2 
such gallons in a peck, and 4 such pecks in 
bushel. 

The following clause provides that all weights 
shall be made of brass, copper, bell-metal, or cast 
iron. 

The next clause enacts, that after the 24th June, 
1816, all contracts, bargains, sales and dealings in 
Great Britain shall be transacted according to the 



publican ticket has prevailed. 

Maryland Election, See page 110. 

Tennessee Election. For governor, Joseph M'Minn 
14.980; Robert Weakley 6028; Jesse Wharton 5918; 
Mr. Foster 3626; Mr. Johnson 2417— all republi- 
cans. Governor Bloujtt had served the constitu- 
tional term, and could not be re-elected. His con- 
duct during the War has entitled him to the grati- 
tude of Tennessee, and endeared him to all good 
men in the United States. 

Vermont election. The following will be the poli* 
tical complexion of the next house of representa- 
tives in this state : 



Counties. 


Republican. 


Federal. 


Bennington 


8 


5 


Rutland 


20 


6 


Windham 


5 


16 


Windsor 


17 


5 


Addison 


10 


11 


Chittenden 


8 


8 


Orange 


11 


6 


Washington 


6 


8 


Franklin 


5 


11 


Caledonia 


9 


8 


Orleans 


7 


12 


Essex 


8 


1 


Grand isle 


1 


4 



115 



101 



The next clause declares, that the forgery or 
rouiiterfc:iting""of marks or stamps on Weights and 
measures is felony. 

It is provided by the next clause that the former 
standards of weights and measures shall be de- 
stroyed. 

The remaining clauses relate to the way in which 
the penalties are to be recovered — the form of the 
conviction — that half the forfeiture be to the king 
and half to the informers, and that persons thus 
convicted and suffering shall not be otherwise 
punishable for such offence. 

The last clause repeals all the former acts on this 
subject in detail. 

The . ' th June, 1816, is the date from which 



Washington, October 11. — The report of the sloop 
of war Ontario having been despatched to the 
United States, by com. Decatur, is entirely without 
foundation. No vessel but the Sloop Epervier has 
been sent with despatches. She was under the com- 
mand of lieutenant Shubrick, first of the Guerriere, 
and captain Lewis, captain of the fleet, was on board 
bearing the treaty with the dey of Algiers. The 
place of captain Lewis, in the Guerriere, was sup- 
plied by capt. Downes. The Epervier passed the 
streights of Gibraltar on the 12th July, and it is 
much feared is lost* 

It is not true that com. Bainbridge has sent two 
schooners to order com. Decatur home, as has been 
ignorantly asserted. On the arrival of com. Bain- 
bridge, a junction of the two fleets will, take place, 
and it is perfectly understood that commodore De- 
catur will resign his command, and return to the 
U. States. The last news of com. Decatur, to be 
depended upon, is that he had proceeded to Tripoli, 

There is probably as little truth in the report 
that the Spaniards had refused to deliver up the 
Algerine sloop of war captured by our squadron 
and sent into Carthagena. It is much to be regret- 
ted that the newspapers publish, without proper 
caution to ascertain the truth, reports calculated 
to excite public anxiety, and wring the hearts of 
wives, children and relatives, and it is requested 
that they will give equal publicicty to these cor- 
rections. 
fXj*A great deal of matter lies over 



WILES' WEEKLY REGISTER. 



No. 8 of Vol. IX.] BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815. [whom so. 216. 



Hue olim meminisse mvabit. — VlRGH.. 



PltlNTET) AND PUBLISH#l) BY B, N1LES, NO* 29, SOUTH CA S..VKHT-8T11KET, AT fy5 PER ANNUM. 



Naval Affairs, 

[Communicated for the Weekly Register.] 
We request the earnest attention of our readers, 
and especially of those interested for the welfare 
of our gallant navy, to the following very important 
letter on the subject of certain matters, perhaps, 
not hitherto correctly understood. We are assur- 
ed, from a source of undoubted authenticity, that 
it embraces a full and impartial view of the pre- 
sent state of the navy department; and, as such, we 
trust it will merit the attention of all enlightened 
editors, who think as we do upon so momentous and 
important a subject. 

INTERESTING LETTER 

From an officer of the U. States' navy, to his friend, a 
member of congress, dated 

Washington, 2d September, 1815. 
Sin—The apparent want of attention on my part 
to the important considerations suggested in your 
letter of the 15th ultimo, I assure 'you arose not 
from any feelings of disrespect, but from a sincere 
desire of obtaining the most correct and authentic 
information relative to the subject in hand. From 
the opportunities with which I have been indulged 
since my sojourning at this place, I flatter myself to 
have gained a perfect knowledge of the nature of 
the matters to which you allude, and to be in pos- 
session of a sufficient number of facts to place the 
question upon its true and legitimate ground. I 
shall, therefore, proceed at once to lay before you 
the result of my labors with a firm hope, that, while 
they prove entertaining, they may, through you, in- 
vite the attention of those legislators who are soon 
to assemble, and [we earnestly pray] to decide upon 
the merits of the case. 

. The establishment of the board of navy commis- 
sioners as a branch of the existing navy department, 
has. indeed, excited a great deal of speculation; some 
ascribing to it powers, which, perhaps, do not pro- 
perly belong to it, whilst others conceive its mem- 
bers to be no more than mere instruments in the 
hands of the secretary of the navy, possessing no 
powers whatever except such as are derived from 
him. Whilst the advocates on both sides are at a 
loss to define the peculiar duties of each, and the 
relative standing which they bear to each other, 
the secretary and the commissioners, from different 
Views and constructions of the law by which the 
latter were established, and from the guidance of 
their public actions in obedience to these discord- 
ant views and constructions must entertain jea- 
lousies and distrusts towards each other; necessa- 
rily tending to paralize their efforts, and rendering 
one or both Useless to the public For, in all cases 
where both parties, from incompatible expositions 
of the act, lay claim to powers which both conceive 
themselves to be possessed of, by virtue thereof, 
independent of each other, these deplorable conse- 
quences will necessarily ensue. There is certainly 
a very serious difficulty in giving such a construc- 
tion to the several sections of the act, as will, with- 
out the aid of much confidence and courtesy on 
the part of the secretary, and much liberality on 
both sides, permit the commissioners to go into the 
full discharge of their duties; for vou mav rest as- 
YOte. ix* 



sured that the secretary has no more authority -over 
the commissioners, than the commissioners hate 
over the secretary. The latter have their duties 
distinctly traced in the various sections of the act 
aforesaid, and these duties, when necessary. tj iev 
are bound to perform upon a suggestion to that ef- 
fect from the secretary, as the mere organ of the 
president Consequently, any further interference 
on his part becomes at once, not alone unnecessa- 
ry, but highly improper. 

The secretary lias, in fact, no authority, what- 
ever, as an officer of the government, over naval 
matters, except that which is derived from the 
president; While, on the other hand, the commis- 
sioners are invested by an act of congress with the 
execution of certain specified duties, which, when 
necessary, no power but that from which they de- 
rived their authority, can prevent them from per- 
forming. They are entrusted with the negociation 
of' contracts for the supplies of the navy; with 
the classification, construction, armament, equip 
ment and employment of vessels of war; with the 
framing of rules and regulations for the re-organi- 
zation of the navy; and, in truth, according to the 
emphatical tenor of the act, with "all otherjmatters 
connected with the naval establishment of the Uni- 
ted States." And, although they still hold their 
respective ranks as officers of the navy, it should al- 
ways be borne in mind, that they at the same time 
hold a new and distinct commission from the se- 
nate as commissioners of the navy; and, as such, are 
in no respect whatever amenable to the orders of 
the secretary, nor in any way, either individually or 
collectively, subject to his control. 

The secretary has, indeed, in a qualified point of 
view, a superintendance over the operations of the 
commissioners. He may, for instance, as the organ, 
of the president, require of them, in due form, state- 
ments and estimates relative to naval matters; and 
in these cases, they are bound to furnish them: but 
here his power and authority ceases. He can give 
no order— he cannot designate the manner in which 
supplies are to be furnished, neither can he exercise 
any control or authority over the classification, con- 
struction, armament, equipment and employment 
of vessels of war; for all this is exclusively vested 
by the. act in the board of commissioners, or else the 
object of the act is not attained. Hence, it would 
appear, that by a literal interpretation of the terms 
of the act, the secretary is left entirely without 
any duties to perform, and that, properly speaking, 
his powers are at an end. But, as both the secre- 
tarv and the commissioners continue still to exist in 
their official capacities, and as the existence of both 
naturally requires a continuance of the powers ap- 
parently intended to have been invested in them, a 
construction must be adopted that will tend to con- ' 
ciliate ifttd to leave in the hands of the secretary 
that appearance of power which the importance of 
his situation requires. To this end, it might, per- 
haps, be proper that the commissioners should take 
oniy upon themselves the performance of such of 
the* ministerial duties, invested in them by the act, 
as are explicitly designated in it; and abandon those 
stated in a general way, or derived by inference, to 
he secretary, l*et them, for example, attend, sole-. 
I 



XOO NINES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815. 



lyto me framing of rules an<J. reg ations for the shackled, and at ease in their office as on board 
re-OTgsnizatiGn and gradual increase of the navy — to ■ their ships, this, and in fact, much more might with- 
thej>rocurem< t\t of naval stores ahd materials, and reas< n be expected from them. But if hampered 
the classification, construction, armament, and {by the ignorance, self-conceit, and obstinacy of 
eqt ipneut ot vessels' of war, as well as to the other ! others, (blemishes, from which few men are exempt) 
SfAcmc duties' detailed in the act; and leave the ln'o great calculation 6f benefit coukl fairly be de- 
yment of them, and their officers, to the ma- duce'd from their operations. Relieved from the 
.... or fcjye secretary. This, indeed, appears pressure of these difficulties, and a failure on their 

V> be the mt«ntion of that unfortunate and ill-timed part to meet the views of the country, would indeed 
section at die end of the act; unfortunate, on ac- be unpardonable. Situated as it is presumed the 
e >unt 6f its awkward situation; and ill-timed, as it commissioners now are, however, no fair opportunity 
antravenes an hnde niable rule of construction, by lean be afforded them to shew how far they are capa- 



Vtthiiy&hd vaguely reserving in ^general way what 
rfore forficnlurhf granted. Unless, however, 
some understanding of ti)is kind takes place be- 
tween the secretary and the commissioners, the for- 
mer (except he be a ma"n of uncommon liberality) 
will be an eternal plague to the latter, and great- 
ly retaifl the public business. For, although with- 
out any authority over the commissioners, the olfi- 
.. c - of both are still so nearly connected, that a dai- 
ly intercourse becomes unavoidably necessary in 
order to ensure a perfect understanding of the mat- 
ters in hand; and when once this intercourse is in- 



ble of fulfilling the expectations of congress, and of 
the public at large ; nor can they, it is believed, 
ever hope for the arrival of such an opportunity un- 
til either the act itself be new-modelled, or the 
office of the secretary is abolished. 

The secretary for the time being, whatever may 
have been his exertions, (and in some instances I 
believe them to have been great) has for the most 
part been found incompetent to the due adminis- 
tration of the affairs of the navy, and thus has given- 
rise to the zealous exertions of all enlightened men 
in favor of a board of commissioners, whose practical 



terrupted, and. those sources of information which ; knowledge, confined to naval matters only, would 
Ijead directly through the correspondence of thte/se- be found to conduct them, on all occasions, with 
cretary are cut off, (unless their relative duties 
were better understood) an almost total cessation 
in the operations of the commissioners would inevi- 
tably follow: and lead perhaps to the perversion of 
an establishment, created at first to supply that 



turn in the navy department. 

These, I assure you, are not the idle speculations 
of a theorist. The event may happen as above sta- 
ted, and, pet naps, has happened already; for it ap- 
pears to me, that two distinct anel independent 
powers can no more exist in the same office, and in 
the surne concern, than two distinct anel indepen- 
dent governments in the same state. Jealousies 
and bickerings must inevitably be generated, and, 
after a world of collision anel confiit>ion> anarchy en- 
sue. The hope of change might, perhaps, , extend 
their separate existence to a considerable period — 
ai it may that of the secretary and the commission- 
ers until the next meeting of congress: when, if the 
act be not new-modelled, one, or both, must as- 
suredly be abolished. But, supposing the matter 
to be reduced to this alternative, let us enquire for 
a moment which of the two would most probably be 
of the greatest advantage to the country, and 
which, therefore, ought to be retained? 

1 have already luiel occasion in a former letter to 
advert to the palpable incompetency of a secretary, 
as ;■ mere statesman, to discharge the duties of an 
office in which so many practical accomplishments 
are required, and to the public detriment which 
must necessarily result therefrom. To remedy 
the ;e important defects, congress created the board 
Of commissioners, authorising the selection of its 
members from amongst those officers of the navy 
whose rank did not fall below that «? post-captain, 
hi order to secure to it tliat practical skill and 
experience of which the navy department had so 
long stood in need. For it was presumed that 
these solid acquirements were no where so like- 
ly to t>e found as in officers of that rank, and it 
being the general belief that these officers had frp- 
quently distinguished them, elves on the ocean for 
tLc honor and preservation of their country, there 
*yaj8 a well grounded hope that while acting as ci-ni- 
mtauoncra, they would not exert themselves the 
\pm in the perfection of a plan calculated at once 
to insure the permaflftnt prosperity cf the navy, and 
to extend the mean.! 9$ apnoying tk£ enemy, v'n- 



more propriety, facility, and effect, than the talents 
ofOnff, (whatever may have been his acquirements) 
whose attention was at times drawn off" by other 
objects connected with the government. It was 
beheved also that, by connecting the. duties of the 
secretary anel the commissioners — by uniting their 
offices — and by constituting the former a member 
of the board, permitting ail the correspondence of 
the department to pass through his hands, in the 
same way as that of the' lords commissioners of tit e 
British admiralty passes through the hands of their 
secretary, all difficulties would be removed, and 
the business of the navy be transacted with harmo- 
ny and advantage. But as this belief has not been 
realized, anel as the matter now stands, it seems al- 
most impossible that unanimity can exist between 
them — the one arrogating superior, and the other 
possessing* by law distinct anel independent powers. 
For whilst the commissioners justly consider them- 
selves to be rightfully clothed with these distinct 
and independent powers, they must naturally yield 
them with reluctance, from a belief that the con- 
struction given by them to the law is judicious and 
correct; anel with jealousy, from an apprehension 
that, as he had claimed the right of controlling all 
the matters that were formerly controlled by him, 
embracing in this claim even such eluties as were elis- 
tinctly assigned, by law to the commissioners, (the 
discharge of which he conceived to be optional with 
him out '.'/,) in direct opposition to repeated assurances 
of a willingness to conduct his official affairs agreea- 
bly to a fair construction of the act, the secretary 
would not shew that cordiality and confidence so 
essential to the operations of officers employed in 
similar pursuits. In fact the secretary himself can- 
not but feel a jealousy of the commissioners so long 
as they claim powers which he disputes, and which 
he must necessarily find himself obliged to yield, 
in obedience to that consistent interpretation off 
the act, without which, no clear meaning can be 
attached to its various parts. 

Under the existing state of the act, it will be clif- 
iir.ult to reconcile these jarring interests.^ Much 
will depend upon the qualities of the nam invested 
with the office of Secretary. If he studies his own 
dignity and importance, his ease and the good of 
the service, he will no doubt realize his interest in 
permitting the commissioners to conduct all the af- 
fswrs of the navy in their own way, reserving to lrftn- 






NILES' WEEKLY REOISTER— NAVAL AFFAIRS. 



123 



\stlf only a general superintendance. On matters of 
importance, it would, indeed, be proper to consult 
him as the organ of the president, and generally in 
all other cases Where doubts arise in the minds of 
the commissioners, or when a difference of opinion 
exists between them. In my view, it appears beyond 
doubt to have been the intention of congress to re- 
gard the secretary only as the organ of communica- 
tion from the president to- the commissioners, and 
the latter as the ministers to carry into effect the 
objects of the president in this manner expressed. 
Tf this be true, the secretary has then, in virtue of 
the act, little more than his cabinet duties to at- 
tend to ; and instead of the drudge of the navy de- 
partment, may justly consider himself as a high and 
important officer of government. He should in re- 
ality be a man of exalted views, not building his 
official worth upon an ungenerous interference with 
the business of others, nor arrogating to himself 
illiberal or unbecoming privileges. In my opinion, 
however, it will be difficult to find a person posses- 
sed of these qualities, tempered at the same time 
with that indispensable liberality, so essential to a 
deportment- of this sort ; and though the choice 
were made with a single eye to that object, there 
are "a thousand chances to one against attaining it. 

To conclude — under circumstances, such as I 
have above detailed, if the secretary disdains to 
avail himself of the practical skill and theoretical 
knowledge of the commissioners, while, with equal 
justice and propriety, the latter hesitate to perform 
with confidence the duties assigned them, from a 
want of that needful information which the secretary 
is in daily receipt of, as well as of that necessary 
intelligence of the measures adopted and orders 
given by him, they cannot but pursue a conjectural 
course. For, most assuredly, if no communications 
are made by the secretary to the commissioners on 
these or like subjects — if the affairs of his office are 
enveloped in mystery, and the commissioners above 
alL others excluded from a knowledge of them — 
if orders are issued by him to squadrons, single 
ships, and to officers, without communicating them 
to the commissioners, or consulting with them up- 
on the propriety or expediency of these orders — 
how is it possible for the latter to act with any de- 
gree of stability or confidence, or to meet with due 
feffect executive views ? 



Whether or not the services of the secretary are 
of any importance to the cabinet, 1 cannot pretend 
to determine. My knowledge is chiefly confined to 
naval matters, and from the lights afforded by that 
knowledge, I consider nvyself perfectly justifiable 
in asserting, that while the commissioners exist, 
there is no necessity, whatever, for his services, be 
they ever so great, in the management of these mat- 
ters. If there be a necessity for them in the latter 
case, and he is capable of duly administering the 
extensive concerns of our growing navy, then there 
■Certainly can be no use in retaining the commission^- 
ers : And, in either case, the abolition of the one 
er the other, must certainly be a saving to the coun- 
try and an advantage to the service. The depart- 
ment now costs the United States fourteen thousand 
dollars more than it did formerly, and I will venture 
to declare, that circumstanced "as the commission- 
ers now are, three additional clerks would answer 
the purpose equally as well, without costing, per- 
haps, one fourth of that sum. In fact, as harmony 
would then, in all probability, exist, they might an- 
swer a far better purpose. 

I am, your obcdffcit. 



■\>r the satisfaction of our readers, we subjoin a 
copy of the act above alluded to : — 

An act Walter and amend the several acts for establish- 
ing a navy department, by adding thereto a board of 
commissioners. 

Be it enacted by the senate and house of reprcsenta* 
lives of t/ie United States of America, in congress as- 
sembled, That the president of the United States be, 
and he is hereby, authorised, by and with the ad- 
vice and consent of the senate, to appoint three offi- 
cers of the navy, whose rank shall not be below a 
post-captain, who shall constitute a board, of com- 
missioners for the navy of the United States, and 
shall have power to adopt such rules and regula- 
tions for the government of their meetings as they 
may judge expedient: — and the board, so consti- 
tuted, shallbe attached to the office of the secretary 
of the navy; and, under his super intend.ince, shall 
discharge all the ministerial duties of said office, 
relative to the procurement of naval stores and ma- 
terials, and jthe construction, armament, equipment 
and employment of vessels of war, as well as all 
other matters connected with the naval establish- 
ment of the United States. And the said board 
shall appoint their own secretary, who shall re* 
eeive a sum not exceeding two thousand dollars 
per annum, who shall keep a fair record of their 
proceedings, subject at all times to the inspection 
of the president of the United States and the secre- 
tary of the navy,. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said 
board of commissioners, by and with the consent of 
the Secretary of the navy, be and are hereby au- 
thorised to prepare such rules and regulations ss 
shall be necessary for securing an uniformity in t!je 
several clases of vessels and their equipments, and 
for repairing and refitting; them ; and for securing" 
responsibility in the subordinate o Ticers and agents. ; 
which regulations, when approved by the president 
of the United States, shall be respected and obey- 
ed, until altered and revoked by the same autho- 
rity : and the said rules and regulations, thus pre- 
pared and approved, shall be laid before congress 
at theimext session. It shall also be the duty ofth.6 
said board, upon the requisition of the secretary of 
the navy, to furnish all the estimates of expend iturc., 
which the several brandies of the service may re* 
qviire, and such other information and statements 
as he may deem necessary. 



Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the officer 
of the said board holding the oldest commission 
shall preside, and each commissioner shail be en- 
titled to receive in compensation for his services* 
three thousand five hundred dollars per annum, hi 
lieu of wages, rations and other emoluments, as 
naval officers, &c. And all letters and packets to' 
and from the said commissioners, which relate to 
their official duties, shall be free from-postage.. 

Sec. 4. And be it farther enacted. That nothing lit 
this act shall be construed to take from the secretary 
of the navy his control and direction of the nav.it 
force* of the United States, as now by law posses- 
sed. 

LANGDON CHEVES, , 
Speaker of the house of representative^. 

JOHN" GAILLARD, 

President, pro t-emporei of tf&'sgjjjrfe. 



Febw&rg 7th, 1815. 

Arr-wnvUB—JA^ES ».|AJ J ffS , GK'. 



]2{, NlLfif* WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1813. 



Clerk's Naval Tactics. 

FOR TIIF. WEEKLY REGISTER. 

Amongst the innumerable foreign works that for 
3 ears p;i>i hare been reprinted in the United States, 
the rery valuable treatise, whose title we have pre- 
fixed above, iloes not seem to have been thought of 
sufficient pith and moment to merit even a single 
edition. Y.'e shall find it necessary, therefore, dur- 
ing the course of the ensuing remarks, from the 
scarcity of British copies on this side of the Atlan- 
tic, to avail ourselves of the notice taken of it in 
the I2th No. of the Edinburgh Review; and shall, 
moreover, quote promiscuously from the author and 
tlte reviewer, distinguishing their words by a differ- 
ent type. 

To Mr. Clerk's system of naval tactics, so far as 
it extends, we are disposed to give our unqualified 
approbation; conceiving- it, in fact, to have been the 
sole ground-work of tho^e unexampled successes 
which bis countrymen have so invariably obtained 
over the French. His rides for fighting in squad- 
yon, appear to be judicious and correct, and, sanc- 
tioned as they have been by the uniform practice of 
every British commander who had occasion to Fight 
in this way, they would seem, perhaps, to embrace 
every true principle of naval rencontre, were it not 
tor one fatal omission. Considering- the era, how- 
ever, in which our author wrote,* this omission 
does not seem surprising. The French and Spanish 
squadrons laid it down as an incontrovertible rule, 
almost without exception, never to seek a contest 
with the enemy, but to make the best of their way 
to the port of destination; and Mr. Clerk's principles, 
therefore, are entirely bottomed upon the assumed 
feet, that Great Britain would always have to engage 
with, a cowardly foe, ever anxious to escape the 
shock of battle. That he should have anticipated, 
in some degree, the unexpected manoeuvre of the glo- 
rious 10th of September, 1813, it would be unreason- 
able to expect; for, surrounded as his country then 
was by one continued blaze of naval glory, it is not all 
to be wondered at, that the thought of defeat ne- 
ver entered his mind. He seems Clever to have ap- 
prehended the adoption of his own system by any 
but a British officer, nor in glancing his eye across 
the Atlantic to criticise the actions of Rodney, to 
have reflected once upon that rising Hercules, des- 
tined, at no distant day, to "cut the line!' 

Whether ov not, the details of Air. Clerk's doc- 
trine, were known to the gallant Perry; or whether 
or notltehod ever seen ins book, or ever heard one 
word of its contents — it is a remarkable fact, that 
in the ever-memorable battle of Erie, this intrepid 
officer executed, with success, one of the grandest 
of Mr. Clerk's manoeuvres, by magnanimously cut- 
ting the enetmfs line. In his official despatch, da- 
ted the 13th September, 1813, giving the particu- 
lars of* the battle, he has the following sentence 
rtear the close: 

"At 45 minutes past 2, the signal was made for 
'(lose action.' The Niagara being very little injured, 
i determined to pass through the enemy's line- 
bore up and passed a-head of their two ships and a 
brig, giving a raking fire to them from the star- 
board guns, and to a large schooner and sloop from 
the larboard side, at half pistol shot distance." 

The victory that immediately followed this con- 
summate manoeuvre, affords another distinguished 
proof of its excellence; and the capture of the 
whole hostile squadron, an event that rarely hap- 
pens, serve-, n> shew its unparalleled effect, as well 
by the opportunity which it gave to the commodore's 

TscYjaus to 1804. 



vessel of exerting her full force, as to the others ° 
his squadron to overtake and vanquish the enemy * s 
rear. The battle of lake Champlain, like the bat- 
tle of the Nile, being fought while the Americati 
squadron were lying at anchor, presented, of course* 
no opportunity for the execution of this manoeuvre i 
though we have not. the smallest doubt that, had 
circumstances favored, it would have been execu-< 
ted with the same unexampled success. So that* 
tipon the whole, although Mr, Clerk's system of* 
naval tactics, as it now is, may possibly answer eve- 
ry purpose of the 'royal navy,' while fighting the 
Spanish and French, it will assuredly not do to com- 
bat an enemy who sometimes takes it into his head 
to seek the contest, and to ait the line, in turn. The 
old gentleman therefore, (if still alive) will, we 
fear, be under the necessity of revising his work, 
and adding thereto an appendix, shewing how tor 
counteract the fatal intention of a daring enemy whr* 
shall himself attempt to act the line, or 'seek the 
bloody fight.' 

As to any remarks of our author, in regard t(* 
the principles of single combat, we presume, front 
his extreme modesty, he would noiv be a little shy 
of pressing them upon us; considering the rapid 
progress we have lately made in this distinguished 
branch of naval discipline, and the many striking 
examples we have given of the superior efficacy 
of our own plan. Whilst we forbear, therefore, to 
urge any thing on this feeling part of the subject* 
we shall, for the satisfaction of our author (in case- 
he is desirous of examining some of the practical 
illustrations of om- principles of single combat) take 
the liberty to refer him to captains Dacres, Carden, 
Whinyates, Barclay, and many others, who had 
the unexpected fortune to witness their effects. — 
And should he in the end be so fortunate as to de-< 
vise a set of tactics, to counteract the hidden mys- 
tery that has hitherto crowned the efforts of the 
American navy with such uncommon success, he 
will, as in 1782, have the rare felicity of introduc- 
ing, a new era in the naval history of Great Britain, 
But, whatever may be the result of his-labors, we have 
great doubts whether he will be able to lay down 
such a set of rules as shall, upon trial, completely 
neutralize the force of those measures, which hap- 
pily introduced a new era on the 10th of September, 
1813. 

We have but two more remarks to make, pre- 
vious to the introduction of our author and his 
friend the reviewer, and these relate exclusively to 
himself. It is curious that he, being a perfect land- 
lubber, (as we gather from the reviewer) should 
have made such important and inestimable disco- 
veries in the science of marine — and it is equally 
curious and surprising that a government, so fond 
of patronizing as that of Great Britain always is, 
should never once have deigned to notice the author 
of these discoveries in any, even the slightest man- 
ner. 

"The author proceeds (says the reviewer) in the 
first part of his work, to a series of demonstrations on 
the mode of attack from windward, of which, for the 
reasons already assigned, (the want of plates) it is 
impossible to give any more than the general re- 
sult. A single vessel to windward in pursuit of 
another to leeward, will never bear down, endwise, 
in a direct line, on the broadside of the other; be- 
cause she is then exposed to be raked from end to 
end by the fire of the enemy, and to be disabled^ 
from pursuit. She will either bear down astern of 
the other, and continue the pursuit in a parallel 
line, till she get alongside; or, having shot ahead, 
she Will bear down athwart the other to intercept 
her in h^r course. But a f*& to windward has in ; ' 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— CLERICS NAVAL TACTICS. 125 



variably borne down in a perpendicular, or at least 
in a slanting 1 line on anotlier to leeward, each ship 
in a line of battle abreast of the other, till they 
brought up, within a proper distance, for a close and 
general engagement from van to rear. A fleet to 
leeward, formed in a line of battle ahead of each 
other, and desirous to avoid a general engagement, 
had therefore full leisure to disable the other dur- 
ing its approach. And when the latter had assum- 
ed a situation for close encounter, the former might 
bear away at intervals while enveloped in smoke; 
or by making more sail, might shoot ahead, and pour 
its whole fire into the opposite van, as it passed and 
wore in succession, to form a new line to leeward, 
on the opposite tack, where, if the enemy were not 
already disabled, the same manoeuvre might be 
repeated with the same success Some idea may 
be formed of the effect of a raking fire, from the 
supposition of a column of infantry exposed to the 
fire of a battery through the whole line. But a ship 
is infinitely more disabled by the damage sustain- 
ed in a few shrouds or principal stays, in a yard or 
topmast, than by the loss of meii; and the area 
which the hull and rigging together present to the 
shot, appears from our author's calculations to be 
twenty times larger than the area formed by the 
decks alone, where the men are exposed." 

"If then," says our author, in concluding this part 
of his demonstrations, "after a proper examination of 
the late sea engagements, or rencontres, it shall be 
found, tliat our enemy, the French, have never once 
shewn a willingness to risk making of the attack, but 
invariably have made choice of, and earnestly courted 
a leeward position: If, invaHably, when extended in 
fine of battle, in that position they have disabled the 
British fleets in coming doxmi to the attack- If in 
•variably, upon seeing the British fleets disabled, they 
have made sail, and demolished the van in passing; If, 
invariably, upon feeling tlie effect of the British fire, 
they have withdrawn at pleasure, either a part, or the 
•whole of their fleet, and have formed a nexu line of 
battle to leeward: If the French, repeatedly, have done 
this upon every occasion: and, on the other hand, if it 
shall be found that the British, from an irresistible de 
sire of making the attack, as constantly and uniform 
ly have courted the windward position: If uniformly 
and repeatedly, they have had their ships so disabled 
and separated by making the attack, that they have not 

I once been able to bring them to close with, to follow up, 
or even to detain one ship of the enemy for a moment; 
shall we not have reason to believe, that the French have 
adopted, and put in execution, some system wMch the 
British either have not discovered, or have not yet pro- 
fited by the discovery of" 

"That such was the new system adopted by the 
French, to preserve their own ships, while they dis- 
abled ours, and such the mode of attack to which 
the English uniformly adhered, is illustrated by the 
details of a variety of naval engagements, from ad- 
miral Byng's in the Mediterranean, 1756, to admi- 
ral Greaves' rencontre off tlie Chesapeake, 5th Sep- 
tember, 1781. In Byng's unfortunate engagement, 
the British having weathered the French fleet, edg- 
ed down in a slanting or oblique line to bring the 
latter to close action from van to rear. Tlie head- 
most ships suffered a raking fire, and received three 
broadsides, before they could reach their stations 
to return a shot. The sixth ship in the line was dis- 
abled by the loss of a topmast; and from the inter- 
ruption which she occasioned to the line, the van 
was separated from the centre and rear. The van 
of the French fleet bore away at intervals, amidst 
the mistaken shouts of 'our seamen, as soon as it 
felt the effects of our fire. The centre and rear, by 



making more sail, poured their whole fire nrith im- 
punity into our five headmost ships, as each W5*» « 
ranged along our van; and as they bore away in suc- 
cession, they firmed a new line three miles to lee- 
ward; while our van, which had sustained the whole, 
action, was too much disabled for the fleet to renew 
such a disadvantageous attack. In Pocock's engage- 
ment in the East indies, two years afterwards, a si- 
milar mode of attack, and tlie same system of dt- 
fence were employed upon each side, and whh the 
same success. So early had the French adopted a 
defensive plan, which "preserved their own Beet, 
while it disabled ours, and which, in Byng's engage- 
ment, prevented the relief of fort St. Philip. 5 ' 

"Admiral Byron's engagement off Grenada, on 
the 6th of July, 1779, is described as similar to 
Byng's in almost every respect. Our fleet bore 
down from windward, in the same oblique line; but 
as the enemy kept bearing away, we were unable 
either to bring their rear into action, or to produce a 
close engagement in the van. Our headmost ships 
were either disabled in making the attack, as they re- 
ceived the whole fire of the enemy's line, as each 
ship of the latter passed and wore in succession, in 
order to form to leeward upon the opposite tack. 
The French adhered so closely to this defensive 
system, that, to avoid all danger of a general en- 
gagement, they forbore even to intercept our dis- 
abled ships which had necessarily fallen to lee- 
ward; and their caution was rewarded with the 
capture of Grenada." 

"Admiral Arbuthnot's engagement off the Chesa- 
peake, exhibits a repetition of the same manoeuvres, 
with this remarkable addition, that the French fleet, 
which had the weather-gage, being apprehensive 
of an engagement in that situation, ran down and 
formed to leeward of the British line. Accordingly, 
our headmost ships were so much disabled in bear- 
ing down to engage, that when tlie enemy wore, as 
usual, and formed again to leeward, our fleet was 
unable to renew the attack. In admiral Greaves' 
engagement off the Chesapeake, 5th September, 
1781, the same manoeuvre was practised with equal 
success. While the enemy's van bore away, their 
centre bore up in passing, not only to protect their 
own van, but to pour their whole fire successively 
into ours." 

"The last instance of an unsuccessful attack 
from windward, which our author has produced, is 
lord Rodney's engagement off Martinico, on the 
17th of April, 1780. His lordship's first design was 
to attack the rear of the enemy with his whole 
force. The French admiral, however, discovering 
tlie meaning of the signal, wore, and formed on the 
opposite tack; and the manoeuvre, though it was 
still practicable, was exchanged for a general at- 
tack upon the whole line. Notwithstanding the 
personal gal bmtry of lord Rodney, and the example 
of close action given by the Sandwich, the French 
fleet bore alternately away and escaped; while the 
English, from the dainage sustained in the hulk and 
igging, were unable to continue the pursuit that 
night.'' 

After stating that this mode of fighting in gene- 
ral engagements, previous to 1782, was strictly 
adhered to by the English and French, the review- 
er proceeds: 

'During the whole war our fleets had invariably 
been baffled, disabled and worsted, in fact, in every 
general engagement, without. the. loss of a single ship on 
either, side; or almost of a man. Our admirals adhered; 
imost invariably to the established mode of attack, 
and endeavored to obtain a windward position be- 
fore they began to engage- Each ship steered d^- 



126 KILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER U, \8\p f 



reetlv upon her opponent in tlic adverse line, and 
brought up, in order to produce a general engage- 
ment from van to rear." 

We shall now transcribe Mr. Clerk's new mode of 
attack, both from windward and leeward, as briefly 
as possible, in the reviewers own words. 

"The mode of attack proposed, whether from 
Windward or from leeward, is founded upon the 
s..mc principle which a skilful general adopts in 
engagements by land, that is, to exert the chief 
force against the weakest or most vulnerable part 
of the opposite line. The impossibility of carrying 
the whele fleet by a general attack, had been sufli- 
ciently proved, Instead, therefore, of bearing di- 
rectly down to stop the van, of which the result has 
been generally unsdecessfnj, and always indecisive, 
our author demonstrates that a fleet to windward, 
arranged in three divisions as the service may re- 
quire, should continue the pursuit, like a single 
ship, in nearly a parrallel line of approach; and 
should confine the attack to as many vessels as it 
can . each and cut off in the centre or rear. Admit- 
ting even the superiority of the enemy's sailing, 
the swiftest vessels to windward will necessarily 
outsail and intercept the heaviest in the fleet to 
}eeward, which last must cither abandon its rear, or 
return to hazard a general and close engagement, 
which it has endeavored to avoid. But in whatsoe- 
ver manner the enemy shall attempt to return; whe- 
ther the whole fleet shall double round in succes- 
sion, or each vessel shall tack or wear in the line, 



pele's engagement off Ushant, passed each other at 
the rate of five miles an hour, it appears that each 
ship Mas engaged for no more, than a quarter of a\ 
minute with each opponent, and was exposed but for 
six minutes and a half to the whole of the fire of the 
adverse fleet." 

"Our author's mode of attack from leeward, seems 
to have been first suggested by the examination of 
this unsuccessful engagement If our fleet, instead 
of beating away when "it reached the enemy's line, 
had continued close to the wind, in its former 
course, the opposite line must have been cut in 
txvain, and intersected by ours; and either the rear, 
when thus separated and obstructed in its course, 
must have been abandoned by the van, or a close 
and general engagement must have ensued. Mr. 
Clerk demonstrates, by a variety of examples, that 
whether the attack be' directed against the centre 
or rear of the enemy's fleet, whether it be madefy 
the van or centre of the fleet to leeward, the portion 
of the line which is then intersected and cutoff 
from the rest, must be forced to leeward and taken. 
or destroyed. When the attack is made by the cen- 
tre, the headmost ships bear away as usual, and en- 
gage the leeward; those of the centre pierce the 
opposite line, and stretching to windward, place 
the enemy between two fires; the rear remains in- 
terposed to obstruct the course of the enemy's rear, 
or the return of their van. When the line is thus 
intersected and broken, the van and rear present 
two distinct objects of attack; but, as these objects 



the time and course required for the execution of i are not both to be accomplished, the attack of the 
the movement, will increase the distance between rear, which is already far advanced, and where the 
the van and the centre, and that part of the line success is certain, is shown to be far preferable to 
which is intersected attacked. If they tack or wear that of the van, which requires a long pursuit." 



in the line, the ships are exposed to a raking lire, 
while the windward divisions of the opposite fleet 
are ready to interpose, and to prevent their junction 
■with the rear. If, anticipating- the intended attack 
upon their rear, as in Rodney's first engagement off 
3iartinico, they should endeavor to avoid it by 
wearing round, in order u> pass on the opposite 
tack, the fleet to windward may either bear down 
athwart their course, and bring the headmost ships 
to a close action, or may renew the attack with the 
same success against the former van, which' is now 
their rear. Or, if they should endeavor to escape be- 
fore the wind, their retreat must soon degenerate 
in 6 an absolute flight, in which the slowest vessels 
must always be overtaken by the fleet in pursuit.' 
"The mode of attack from leeward occupies the 
second part of the work. As the course of a fleet in 
working to windward is in angular lines, if the ad- 
- c-s upon each side were equal, the distance 
between two fleets working to windward Would con 
tinue always the same. But the least disaster to the 
m...st.s and rigging, even of a single vessel, retards 
the progress or' a fleet to windward* lest that vessel 
:- ould fell to leeward into the hands of the enemy. 
Kvcry alteration in the wind enables the fleet to 
leeward to weather the other; and, as these acci- 
dents are unavoidable in cruising, Mr. Clark con- 
cludes, that, hi the course of a few days, a fleet to 
leeward must fetch some part at least of the opposite 
line. Wei", they to meet on the same tack, the en- 
gagement might cotitinue while they held the same 
course; but the fleet to windward, when desirous to 
avoid an engagement, has invariably passed the 
ether on an opposite tack. Our fleet, instead of con- 
tinuing its former course, invariably bore away, 
when too leeward, in order to engage, as it ranged 
along tiie opposite line; hut the two fleets, as their 
courses Were different, were necessarily separated 
■after a short cannonade. As the two fleets in Kep- 



After stating, that undoubtedly "the first idea of 
cutting the line originated with Mr. Clerk,"* the re- 
viewer proceeds with some previous extracts from 
Mr. Clerk's book, to describe the engagement in 
which the new mode of attack from leeward was first 
carried into execution, to wit: that of lord Rodney 
on the 12th of April, 1782. In this engagement, "the 
British fleet was still to leeward, and the two fleets 
were on opposite tacks. The van bOre away along 
the opposite line, and had it been followed by the 
centre, nothing memorable would have been achiev- 
ed that day. But the Formidable, the admiral's ship 
in the centre, kept close to the wind. On perceiving 
an opening near the centre of the enemy, ltodney- 
broke through at the head of the rear division, and 
gave the first example of cutting the line. All the 
consequences predicted by our author immediately 
ensued. The rear of the French fleet was driven to 
leeward in the utmost confusion, and torn to pieces 
by a raking fire. The van and centre, instead of at- 
tempting to rejoin their rear, fled in different direcr 
tions, under a press of sail. The most unbounded 
praise is undoubtedly due to the gallant Rodney; nor 
can it detract in the least from his merit, that he was 
unable to avail himself to the utmost of a mode of 
attack never practised before. His van, unprepared 
perhaps to improve the attack, continued to stretch 
and to tack to the windward, leaving an opening 
through which, the rear of the enemy was permitted 
to escape. Abandoning the proper object of attack, 
namely the enemy's rear, the proximity of which 

We havr- read in some part of the British "Naval 
Chronicle," a different story. Lord Rodney, at a 
dinner one day in Cornwall, is said to have been 
struck with this idea all of a sudden, as he was sit- 
ting at table, and to have demonstrated it to his. 
convivial associates with the cherry stones of t.:e 
desert. 



KILES' WEEKLY REGISTER FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



127 



would have rendered its destruction unavoidable, 
he directed the pursuit of his whole fleet against 
the distant van; and after a cliase of five Leagues, 
which continued till sunset, five ships of the line 
were captured, but the rest were preserved by the 
Approach of night." 

"From this first execution of our author's system, 
a new era has been fixed in the history of our naval 
transactions. During three successive wars, no de- 
cisive engagement had almost ever happened, till 
Hodney, in the execution of our author's system, 
gave the first example of cutting- the enemy's line, j 
.Since that period no engagement has ever proved 
indecisive; and, with the exception of the battle of 
the Nile, where the French fleet was at anchor, the 
same manoeuvre has been uniformly practised with 
the same success. 

"In lord St. A r incent's engagement on the 14th of 
February, 1797, to which the perpendicular attack, 
or attack at right angles* seems to allude, the Spa- 
nish fleet, amounting to twenty-seven sail of the 
line, was discovered at day-break, extending from 
Windward. By carrying a press of sail, his lordship, 
with fifteen ships of the line, "disregarding the re- 
gular system," intersected and cut off the division 
to windward, of which four were taken before the 
remainder of the fleet to leeward could return to 
their reiief." 

"In lord Duncan's victory off Camperdown, his 
lordship, on discovering the Dutch fleet to leeward, 
bore down, not in a line of battle abreast, but in two 
divisions or perpendicular lines; and his attack was 
directed, not, as formerly, against the enemy's van, 
but according to Mr. Clerk's system, against the 
■centre and rear. His own division cut the line be- 
tween the eighth and ninth ships. Onslow's division 
passed between the fourteenth and fifteenth ships 
from the van; and while the former, or perhaps the 
Venerable and her two seconds kept the van at bay, 
the rest engaged witli the centre and rear. By de- 
parting from the customary line of battle,' and con- 
fining the attack, or the chief force, to a portion of 
the enemy's line, six ships of the van escaped; but 
the centre and rear, with the exception of a single 
aship, were overpowered and taken." 

Having thus extracted the most important parts 
of the article before us, and given a brief detail of 
Mr. Clerk's principles for the conduct of general 
engagements, it is but fair that we should be in- 
dulged with a word or two in return. The unexpect- 
ed length however, to which these remarks have 
already extended, admonishes us to be short; and 
we shall therefore content ourselves with merely 
doing an act of charit) r to the reviewer, by disen- 
cumbering him of the subjoined paragraph, — which, 
however well it might have applied to the seamen of 
Great Britain in 1805, most assuredly, at this day, 
can only apply to the brave tars of the United 
States. 

"In contemplating the beautiful simplicity and 
unquestioned efficacy of Mr. Clerk's system, it is 
peculiarly pleasing to reflect, that it is constructed 
upon principles not less congenial than honorable to 
the character of the nation for whose vise it was in- 
tended. This system does not consist in any trick 
or manoeuvre, by which courage may be rendered 
unnecessary, or gallantry decoyed to its destruction; 
on the contrary, it proceeds upon the proud pre- 
sumption that we shall certainly beat ou 



of a wily adversary,* and to ensure 
the display of courage, discipline, 
ranee, in strenuous and decisive contest. 



fur field fu- 
nd persero- 



1). 



Foreign Articles. 

Report to the king on tin? internal situation of Trance, 
on fh", relations with foreign armies with respect to or- 
der and hi ic if 'ration — hy the mhrister of geiiercH po- 
lice. TU\NSLATEI) VOW THY. COLUMBIAN 

Sin::, — The ravages of France are at their hcTght; 
the allied powers destroy and devastate her, as if 
we had neither peace nor accommodation to hope 
for. The inhabitants are flying before licentious 
troops; the forests are filled with the wretched, 
who run there to seek out a last asylum — the bravest 
are about to perish on the fields — despair will soon 
hearken no longer to the voice of any autlfcw ity- — 
and this war, undertaken to assure the triumph of 
moderation and justice, will equal the barbarity^ 
of those lamentable and most cruel invasions whose 
history cannot be recollected without horror. 

The allied powers have proclaimed their doctrine 
too loudly for us possibly to doubt their magnani- 
mity ! What benefit can be drawn from so many 
useless calamities ? Are there no more bonds of 
faitli between nations ? Would they retard the 
reconciliation of Europe with France? One of the 
views of the sovereigns would appear to be to 
strengthen your majesty's government, and i':3 au- 
thority is unceasingly compromitted by the state of 
impotence to Which they have reduced it. Its 
power is even rendered odious by the evils of which 
it seems to be the accomplice, because it cannot 
hinder them. Your mrjesty signed the treaty of 
May 25 as an ally, and war is waged against yoa io. a 
manner the most direct. 

The sovereigns know the state of knowledge i:i 
France; no reasoning, no species of defect, no kiar] 
of inconsequence escapes the penetration of this 
people — although humbled by necessity, they yield 
to it with courage. Has not your majesty performed 
for the interest of the powers and for peace whatever 
depended on your efforts ? Bonaparte has been not 
only dispossessed, but is in the hands of the allic,; 
his family too are in their power, since they ire on. 
their territory. The chambers have been dissolve-,:, 
and speedily there will be none in public functions 
bur friends of peace and duty. The Bonapu li . 't- 
were feared, though none of them can be dangerous 
any more — your majesty, in the mean time, having 
granted every thing on this point which the execu- 
tive could require ! 

If, having conquered France, it. be pretended that 
it yet remains to punish her, this language (win t 
ought not to be listened taafter the promises of the 
sovereigns) should exact a serious delibeeatian o.) 
all its consequences. Wherefore would they punish 
us ? Is it for us to expiate the ambition of a single 
man ? the evils which it lias produced ? — We wei-g 
its first victims — we have delivered Europe from it 
twice. — 'Tis not in foreign countries, it is in France, 
that terror always troubled his repose, and spite of 
jus power he could never render the war nation;. 1 — 
instruments are not accessories — and who is ignorant 
that he who exercises despotic power always find.3 
in the multitude a force sufficient to make him be 
obeyed ? We are reproached with his successes. 
They retaliate sufficient by by our reverses. Wh*t 



nemies if 
we can only get near enough to grapple with them: j image brought the news of victory to France if it 
and its sole object is to give the valiant an opportu- 1 1S not taa * of the conscriptions, which the sword 
nity of fair fighting, to counteract the shifting policy I of war went to reap anew? We have saved our. 



_*»Se,e Clerk's Naval Tactics, p. 194. 



*Vide sir James h, Yeo, on lake Ontario. 



]9$ NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815. 



selves like all Europe, by the same woes and mis- 
fortune.;. 

The army lias submitted to your majesty, but it 
still exists. We ought to explain ourselves with 
frankness on tins head — while the army exists it 
can be attached only to pacification and public 
tranquiihy. Its state of union, far from being an 
events mischief from spreading'. The return 
of soldiers to the bosom of the people, will not be 
dangerous when the conclusion of the war shall 
leave to the people the means of resuming their 
occupations and their habits; but before that mo- 
ment, fermentation is not yet extinguished, nor 
obedience established; the mixture of soldiers with 
citizens could not but throw fresh combustibles into 
the flame — it is too painful to reflect that such a 
state of things should have no other source than 
the terror of some cabinets. On the opinion they 
entertain of the situation of France, depends whether 
their desires should be accomplished. There is no 
sacrifice to which an enlightened people will not 
submit, if they find in it the means of preventing 
greater evils. Such is the disposition, such the 
determination of all the French. — Would they [the 
allies] on the contrary obtain measures of anticipa- 
tion for unknown plans P It is to demand an impos- 
sibility: there is no blind obedience in France. — The 
powers have hitherto unfolded none of their designs; 
no one can form an idea of what is to be done, either 
of the government, or the authority of your majesty, 
or of die future. 

Anxiety and doubt are at their height, and every 
thing appears a subject of terror in this obscurity 
— but a. single word, and all the dispositions of men's 
annuls would be changed. There should be no ob- 
stacle to any measure, if it formed part of a gene- 
ral plan that should offer in its whole scope some 
encouragement for obedience. Let the sovereigns 
deign then to explain themselves. Wiiy would they 
refuse this act of justice ? Let them condescend to 
combine all their demands as so many conditions of 
the quietness of the people, and let our accession 
to all their views make part of a mutual treat}- — - 
there will then be no more difficulty. The sove- 
i eigns perhaps do not fully observe in what em- 
barrassments and what obstructions they place us 
and themselves. We should have need of good 
order to second them, and of their explications to 
establish this good order. Would they have sacri* 
fices who require a peremptory obedience ? For that 
purpose the authority of your majesty must be full 
and entire. Xothing is possible, nothing practica- 
ble, if peace exist not in fact,' at least provisionally ; 
and far from being at peace, we experience. ail the 
scourges of war. 

Lev the sovereigns at least bestow some attention 
to their interests. When every thing will be wasted 
around their armies, how shad these armies find 
their subsistence ; Is there no hazard in scattering 
the troop, ; All the arms are not yet taken away 
[from the French people] and every man becomes 
murderous in the hands of despair. With respect 
to contributions of war,' what new .sacrifices should 
they demand, where the soldier shall have destroyed 
all ? A.H it regards the force of armies, discipline 
once relaxed is hard to be re-established. Germa- 
ny has no room to expect but that after a glorious 
Campaign, she will bring back her soldiers corrrupt- 
ed by a spirit of licentiousness, caprice and pillage. 
Lvery. thing ought to distinguish this war fom 
others, instead of imitating-, surpassing, even in 
France, the excess against which the sovereigns 
take up aims. — Their glory, will even that be satis- 
fied. We have done whatever they have desired — 



and on their side, of all that they announced to 
the world, is it accomplished on a single point? — 
What a contrast between their performance and 
their most solemn promises ! This is the age of 
reason and justice, and never has public opinion had 
greater influence. What can account for afflictions 
so excessive, after promise of so much moderation I 
The present war has been commenced to maintain 
the cause of legitimacy — is this manner of conduct- 
ing the war adapted to render }^our majesty's au- 
thority more sacred ? The allies resolved to de- 
throne and punish him who made a sport of the 
calamities of nations ; and they exercise en submis- 
sive France the same violence, the same inhumanity. 
All Europe thought that the entry of the sovereigns 
into Paris would finish the war ; — What will they 
think on learning that it was only then the extrava- 
gancies of oppression began, without battles and 
without resistance ? The distresses which they up- 
braid us for having- brought on other countries have 
never been so great ; never — at least, they did not 
take place when the employment of armies had no 
longer any other object; and if it were true that 
we had given such an example of the abuse of force, 
ought they to imitate it, since they impute it to us 
as a crime ? They well know in the north, they 
know in Prussia, what energy and public spirit our 
Wcint of moderation produced in our enemies. — 
There couid be no end to the evils of humanity if 
alternate vengeance became a right of war; for 
nations never die. 

Will your majesty permit me to insist on a conclu- 
ding consideration? So long as France shall have any 
thing to preserve ; whilst she shall cherish hopes 
of sustaining herself as a national body, no sacrifice 
will be impossible to her, and all the schemes of 
an equitable policy may yet be executed: but, the 
day when the inhabitants shall have lost all, when 
their ruin shall be completed, we shall see a new- 
order of things commence, a new series of events, 
because there will be neither government or obe- 
dience — Blind fury shall succeed to resignation; 
they will take no council but from despair; they 1 
will desolate on both sides; pillage will make war 
upon piiiage; every step of the foreign soldiery will 
be stained with blood — France will have less shame 
in destroying herself that in suffering others to de- 
stroy her. That moment approaches : Already is 
the national spirit taking this frightful direction : a 
fusion is^forming among parties the most opposite; 
Vendee itself in this excess of calamities brings 
her colors nearer those of the army. What part will 
be left your majesty but to retire ? Public function- 
aries will of themselves abandon their places, and 
the armies of the sovereigns will then be within the 
hold of individuals freed from all social obligations. 
A people of thirty millions may disappear from the 
earth, but in this war of man against man, more 
than one tomb will enclose together both victors 
and vanquished. 

(C/'It is proper to observe that the preceding re- 
port was not permitted to be published in the Paris 
papers — the allies fivho do. not interfere with the in- 
ternal affairs of France .' ! J forbid it ! — bnt it was 
circulated in manuscript. [un. beg. 

SPANISH PROCLAMATION. 

Translated for the Columbian. 
Proclamation of the general of the Spanish army to 
the Frenchmen of the bordering districts : 
The troops of the king, my master, enter the 
French territory, not to commit hostilities, but to 
Suppress the ferocity of a faction who are not satis- 
fied with the calamities they have occasioned, by 
which they have compromised the throne of his most 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGN ARTICLES. 



129 



catholic majesty and the tranquility of his subjects 
Iiv the declaration of the 2d of May, it is said, that 
the- Spanish army should not wage war agains 
Prance, but the faction which desolates it ; that it 
avows no other conquest than the repose of France 
herself, in restoring her king-, called to the throne 
by the fundamental laws of the state, whose pros-j 
tration has plunged the whole kingdom in sadness- 
and b er e a v em en t . I 

The chief of the disturbers of the public quiet is 
no longer at their head, but his spirit still animates 
his followers. 

King Louis XVIII. is on his throne, but his vir- 
tues have not yet completed the conquest of minds, 
bewildered by the genius of evil. All the declara- 
tions of the king, my master, are, that the troops 
which enter the domains' of his Catholic majesty, 
must neither ravage nor dismember the smallest 
part of them, but protect and preserve- them faith- 
fully, as a sacred trust. 

Gonquiere, August, 1815. 
(Signed) CASTANOS. 

The following is an extract of a letter from the Prus- 
sian general RibbeiUhrop, to the prefect of Paris, 
^respecting the Prussian requisitions. 

f.VThis measure has been dictated to me by the 
commander in chief. You and your fellow citizens 
cannot tax it with injustice, when I remind you of 
the overtures which I have several times made you 
respecting the demands of prince Biu.cher. 
, "You know that in 1806, 7 and 8, Prussia*, under 
me administration of M. Darn, not only lost ics pros- 
perity, but was ruined by the enormous mass of re- 
quisitions and extortions to which it was subjected. 
You know what was done in 1809, 10 and 11, to ex- 
haust the kingdom — nor can I dissemble, that ill 
1812, though then in alliance with France, several 
pf our provinces suffered treatment of which the 
jmost cruel enemy would hardly have been guilty. 

"It was in 1813 that we shook off the yoke of ty- 
ranny. The victorious arms of the allies delivered 
France from a dynasty under which that fine coun- 
try had groaned for so many years. 

"The inconceivable efforts which Prussia made 
to support this contest, afi-er six years of oppres- 
sion, signalized by all kinds of extortion and arbi- 
trary treatment, put it out of our power to make a 
suitable provision for the equipment, the pay, and 
other wants of the armies again called forth to com- 
bat Bonaparte and his adherents, 

"You pretend that the contribution of 100 mil- 
lions of francs exceeds the ability of your city. 
Ask count Dam what Berlin, a city of quarter the 
size of yours, was obliged to furnish, and you will 
be convinced it greatly exceeds the demand of 
prince Blucher upon the capital of France. If we 
treated your provinces as you did ours, from 1806 
to 1812, the contributions to be imposed, according 
t© that standard, might exceed your ability. 

"But far from using reprisals, we have hitherto 
demanded only the reimbursement of the expenses 
of the war; for the budgets of our financiers have 
no head for exorbitant impositions levied in foreign 
countries, such as were found in the budgets of 
France, previous to the year 1814. 

"Last year the conquest of Paris ended the war. 
In this campaign, the same conquest has been the 
object of our labors; to attain it, we have been 
forced to make promises to the troops — not such 
promises as the French leader made to his army be- 
fore the defeats on the Katzbach, near Culm, and 
Donne witz, which hindered him from performing 
them; but such as generous conquerors make to 
modest soldiers, whose welfare they value, and 



whose courage they know how to appreciate. I! 
is by the contribution that the promises must be 
fulfilled." 

[All this is very well — but the allies said, they 
merely took up arms to put down Bonaparte, and 
let Louis be king.] 

ORDINANCE OF THE KTN'G. 

Louis, by the grace of God, king of France and Na- 
varre, to all to whom these presents shall come, 
greeting. 

The attempts made upon France, have compelled/ 
the foreign powers to cause their armies to enter, 
in order to strike at the enemy of their state. They ' 
occupy our territory, these evils would have been 
prevented, if our voice had been more listened to. 
But far from our hearts be all recrimination. The 
sufferings of our people permit us only to think of. 
alleviating them, till the moment, not very distant, 
arrives, which shall put an end to them. Circum- 
stances are such, that we have not the choice of 
means, we must embrace that which appears to pre- 
sent the least inconvenience, and to be the most 
proper to recalling to share the burthens, those up- 
on whom the requisitions have least pressed. 

We have, therefore, determined, to establish, pro- 
visionally, an extraordinary contribution, distribut- 
ed among the different departments in proportion 
to their resources, trusting, that however grievous 
these sacrifices may be, they will be less, so than 
the maintenance of a regime without order or 
method. 

Full of confidence in the patriotism of the princi- 
pal merchants, proprietors and capitalists, we de- 
sire to associate them to our solicitude for the re- 
lief of their fellow countrymen, ruinedfby events, 
without intending, however, that the sums which 
they shall pay beyond their contributive part shall 
remain definitively charged to them, and only con- 
sidering them as loans made to give to the extra- 
ordinary receipt an acceleration proportioned to 
the urgency of the necessity. 

Considering, that the evil which increases everv 
day wiil not permit us to wait for the meeting of 
the two chambers in order to concert with them the 
measures which must be adopted: 

For these causes we have ordained and do ordain 
as follows — 

Article 1. There shall be levied extraordinary, 
and paid into the royal treasury as a requisition of 
war, a sum of one hundred millions on the depart- 
ments, and in the proportions determined by the 
annexed statement. 

2. There shall be added to the contingent of such 
departments, a fund of non-valeurs not exceeding 
ten centimes for each franc, by means of which the 
whole of this contingent may be available to the 
treasury. 

3. The sum which from this fund shall remain 
disposable, shall belong to the department, and 
shall be employed for its private expenses. 

4. The prefect shall determine as to those unable 
to pay, according to the opinion of the sub-prefect, 
and on the report of the director of the direct con- 
tributions. 

5. The extraordinary charge here referred to, 
shall be provisionally borne by the principal capi- 
talists, patent-holders, and proprietors in eacli de- 
partment, 

6. The defensive mode of levying this war con- 
tribution, and of reimbursing those sums which may 
have been paid beyond the contingent, shall be fix- 
by the two chambers. 

7. In order to determine the sum which each capi- 
talist, patent-holder or proprietor is to furnish, a 



JSO FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2J-, 1815. 



committee shall be formed in each prefecture, com- 
posed of the mayor of the chief place, the receiver- 
general, &c. &c. 

8. This committee shall be charged — 

I. With apportioning' among the different arron- 
dissements the contingent which is assigned to the 
department. 

II. To arrange the individual proportion between 
the principal capitalists, patent-holders and proprie- 
tors. 

9. In the individual assessment of the contingent 
©f the other arrondissement, there shall be formed 
a special committee. 

10. Relates to the committees of department and 
arrondissement. 

11. Relates to the time in which the returns are 
to be made out. 

12. The sum to be levied upon each of the prin- 
cipal capitalists, patent-holders and proprietors, 
shall be paid by four instalments, between the 15th of 
September and the 15th of November, at periods 
which shall be determined by the committee. 

13. The receivers-general, in particular in their 
respective arrondissements, shall issue drafts paya- 
ble at such periods as may be indicated. 

14. These drafts, when presented, are to be ac- 
cepted by the person upon whom they are drawn 



Bonaparte.— "England, on her side, had becom ■> 
much more powerful." 

He then spoke of our colonies and of our requi- 
sitions in India. 

Bonaparte— «I wanted to regenerate Spain, and 
to do much what the Cortes has attempted to do 
since." 

He was then called back to the principal topic, 
and was reminded of the character of the transac- 
tion that had put him in possession of the crown of 
Spain. He made no reply to those objections, but 
turned the conversation to the subject of his deten- 
tion, and said, after a discussion of some length: 
"Well, I am then deceived in relying upon your 
generosity; restore or replace me in the situation 
from which you took me." In speaking of the in- 
vasion of Spain: "I was," said he, "sovereign at that 
time; I had the right of making war." 

He said of Mr. Fox: "I knew him; I saw him at 
the Thuilleries; he had no prejudices." 

. "Mr. Fox, general, was a zealous citizen 

of his own country, and moreover, a citizen of the 
world." 

"He wished sincerely for peace," replied Bona- 
parte, "and I wished for it also; his death prevent- 
ed peace from being made- 



were not sincere." 
smd are liable to all judicial processes, the same as Bonaparte added further; "I do not say, that dur^ 
in commercial transactions. ing twenty years of wa: 



15. All refusal or delay in accepting the said 
drafts, shall be certified by a protest in the usual 
manner, and winch will render the amount of the 
draft immediately exigible : the recovery thereof to 
be made by coercion. 

16. The receivers-general in particular shall en- 
joy, fojrtbe collecting of this extraordinary contri- 
bution, the same fees as for the direct, ordinary con- 
tributions, the said fees to be charged upon the 
funds of the non-valeurs. 

17. Our minister, secretary of state for finance, is 
charged with the execution of tbe present ordinance. 

Given at the Thuilleries, this 16th of August, 1815. 
(Signed) LOUIS. 

By the king, 

Baron Louis, minister of finance. 

[Next follows a list of the sums charged to each 
department respectively. That charged on the de- 
partment of the Seine amounts to 13,340,000 francs, 
and that on the Gironde to 5,330,000 (Vanes. 

Boxafakte. From the London Morning Chronicle. 
— We guarantee the authenticity of tl^e following 
Passages extracted from the conversation that lord 
Lowther and Mr. Lyttletan had with Bonaparte on 
board the Northumberland. 

Jn remonstrating against the detention, Bonaparte 
said, "you know not my character; you ought to 
have trusted to my word of honor." 

One of the gentlemen answered him: *< Allow me 
to tell you, that since the invasion of Spain, there is 
not a single person in England who does not dis- 
trust you and your most solemn engagements." 

"I was," replied Bonaparte, "called into Spain by 
the sovereign." 

But not, as I believe, replied the gentleman, to 
place king Joseph upon the throne. 

Bonaparte — Iliad a grand political system; it was 
necessary to establish a counterpoise to your pow- 
t r upon the ocean; and, besides, I did no more than 
the Bourbons had done. 

You must, however, acknowledge, gene 



ar, I did not meditate the rum 



of England." Then correcting himself, as if he 
had inadvertently said more than prudence permit- 
ted; "that is to say, your humiliation; I wanted to 
force you to be just towards me." 

He appeared neither agitated nor cast down — his 
expressions, sometimes energetic, were always ut-j 
tered with calmness, and he gesticulated much 
less than the French or Italians are accustomed to 
do. 

London, An gust 20. — When Napoleon first board- 
ed the Bellerophon, he said to captain Maitland, 
with his usual quickness : Come captain Maitland, 
suppose we walk over your ship." To this the cap- 
tain replied, by saying that the decks were then 
washing, and that the ship was consequently not in 
a state to be inspected — that he had better wait 
an hour or so, &c. To this Bonaparte responded :. 
"No, no, captain Maitiand, let us go now, I have 
been accustomed to wet and dry, and confusion, &c. 
&c. for upwards of 20 years, and I must see her in 
her present state." He did so, and inspected her 
with all the alacrity, minuteness, and curiosity- so. 
characteristic of him, walking several times over 
the ship. After this he expressed himself highly 
delighted with the admirable economy of a British 
man of war. One day addressing an old marine, he 
asked him "how long he had served ?" The reply 
was "sixtef n years." "Where are your marks of 
distinction then ?" "I have none," answered the 
marine ; Bonaparte shrugged up his shoulders and 
j retired. When lord Keith communicated to Bona- 
( parte his intended removal to the Northumberland, 
and conveyance in that ship to St. Helena, he ap- 
peared very uneasy at the communication, and after 
a. long expostulation, sternly refused to go ; but on 
lord Keith's observing that such was the order of 
his government and that lie hoped he should not be 
under the necessity of resorting to coercive mea- 
sures ; — Bonaparte replied — "Oh no, no : Your com- 
mand I must obey ! You may take me, but recollect 
I do not go with my own free will." He then fo*- 



;al, that France, under your sceptre, was far more [mally protested, in writing, against the act before 
to be dreaded, than France as she was during the witnesses. As soon as his baggage had been rcinov* 
last years of the reign of Louis XIV; so much had cd from one ship to the other, the parting s-ccne 
her power increav d ' commenced, Which was truly affecting. All wept> 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— FOREIGTSf ARTICLES'. 



•IS I 



but particularly Savary, and a Polish officer (six 
net two inches high) who bad been exalted from 
the ranks by Bonaparte. He clung to his master's 
knees ; wrote an affectionate letter to lord Keith, 
entreating 1 permission to accompany him, even in the 
most menial capacity, which could not he admit- 
ted. Previous to the' moment of separation, Bona- 
parte gave some of his officers, left behind, a certi- 
ficate to the following' effect, winch had been first 
drawn up, at the general request, by general Gor- 
gaud, and then altered by Bonaparte himself, and 
signed : 

'"Circumstances prevent my retaining you any 
longer near me. You have served me -with zeal. I have 
always been satisfied with you. Your conduct on this 
last occasion deserves my praise*, and -what I had rea- 
mix to expect from, vou. On board the Northumber- 
land, 7th Aiigust/l815. NAPOLEON." 

The words in italics were substituted by Bona- 
parte, for "in my prosperity you have served me 
with zeal ; and in accompanying me in my adversity, 
vou have confirmed the good opinion I had of you. 
Receive my thanks," 

After settling with his followers and domestics, 
he had about £ 200 to c any with, him. Th e persons 
suffered to attend Bonaparte were Bertraudy Ids 
wife and children ; Montholon, his wife and child ; 
Ciorgaud and Las Casses. Among those separated 
from him were Savary and L'Allemand, now on 
board the Bellerophon ; lieut. col, de Planet, M 
Manigaut, lieut, cols. Pesigne and Sheltz, captains 
Anteri, Merscher and Poniatowski, besides two 
other officers and eight servants, on board the Eu- 
Totas, B efore h e bade adieu to capt, Maitland, Bona 
parte shook him by the hand, with an air of cordi- 
ality, offered him his grateful thanks for his polite 
attentions, and also his officers, to whom he express 
«d himself highly indebted. Madame Bertrand': 
attempt to drown herself arose, it is said, from her 
understanding, at this moment, that it was intended 
£o deliver up her husband to Louis XVIII. We 
understand the hon. rear admiral Fleming is to have 
the command at St. Helena, in the peace, and that 
he will proceed thither soon after Sir G. Cockburn 
has established Bonaparte upon the island. 

Paris, August 18. The English journals, in stating 
that Bonaparte tore various papers and threw them 
into the sea before his removal from the Bellero- 
phon to the Northumberland, make mention of a 
letter addressed to him by an inhabitant of the 
United States of America. The same journals 
have announced, that all the fragments of this let- 
ter were found and joined together in such a manner 
as to throw light upon an important affair, winch 
the English government thinks fit not to make 
public as yet. Nothing-, therefore, is known respectr 
ing the contents of this paper ; but it might relate 
to the property which Bonaparte has placed in the 
.hands of a very distinguished person of New Eng- 
land, and which was actually embarked at Havre, 
through the care of this person, on board the only 
American ship that was excepted from the general 
embargo laid for three weeks on the ports of France. 
This fact, the accuracy of which may be relied on, 
Will sufficiently explain the reason why Bonaparte 
did Bot carry with him so much wealth as he was 
supposed to possess. It is nevertheless known that 
he made good use of his time during his stay at 
Paris. It was considered as certain that several 
waggons, heavily laden, were sent off clandestinely 
From the Thuilleries and theElysee Bourbon. Eve- 
ry body was persuaded that these waggons contained 
bullion and valuable effects ; it was added that they 
proceeded towards the coast, and nothing was 



more easy, since ammunition was sent at the same 
time in that direction. This business is,, perhaps, 
worthy the attention of the sovereigns. 

Gazette da France. 

GCHt is one of the most considerable and impor- 
tant facts,that large bodies of foreign troops are still 
pouring into France, which seems to countenance 
certain rumors that that country is to be cut uff' in- 
to small principalities, or divided among' the high. 
allies and their adherents — as Russia, Prussia and 
Austria delivered Poland. Let it he recollected, 
that they entered that "ancient and venerable" 
kingdom, which lias long stood the "bulwark of 
religion" against the Turks, with the pretence of 
restoring its internal tranquility. Whose turn rAll 
come next ? 

By a vessel from Madeira, we hear of the arrival 
at that island of the Northumberland 74, a frigate, 
and 7 men of war brigs, with Napoleon Bonaparte on 
board, on his way to St. Helena, with the 53d Bri- 
tish regiment (full complement) as his guard. No 
person was permitted to board the Northumber- 
land but tire British consul, a Scotchman, in his ca- 
pacity as navy agent. The fleet lefc Madeira, Au- 
gust 26, having- obtained supplies. 

Turin, August 5.— -The journal of this city pub- 
lishes the following letters which were intercepted, 
together with some other papers : 

Copy of a letter from Lucien Bonaparte to the princess 
Borghese. 

Neuilt.t, June 27. — You must have learned, my 
dear Pauline, the new misfortunes of the emperor, 
who has just abdicated in favor of his son. He is 
about to depart for the United States of America, 
where we will rejoin him. He is full of courage 
and calmness ; I shall endeavor to regain my family 
at Pome, in order to conduct it to America! If your 
health permit, we shall see you there. Adieu, my 
dear sister; mother, Joseph, Jerome, and myself 
embrace you. Your affectionate brother, 

LUCIEN. 

P. S. — I have retired to your fine estate of Neil-' 

illy. 

letter from cardinal Fesch to the same. 

Paris, June 28. — Lucien set off yesterday for Lon- 
don, in order to get passports for the rest* of the fa- 
mily. Joseph, and also Jerome, will wait for their 
passports. Lucien has left here his second daugh- 
ter; who has just arrived from England ; she wilt 
set off again in a few days. I foresee the United 
States will be the end of the chace. I think you 
ought to remain in Italy; but recollect that charr.ci or 
is one of the most estimable gifts of the Creator, 
with which he has enriched jour family. Exercise 
courage, then, and strength of mind, to rise supe- 
rior to misfortune ; let no economy appear a sacri- 
fice. At this moment we are all poor. Your moth el- 
and brothers embrace you Your affect ionatc uncle. 

Cardinal FESCH. 
Independence of France ! 

A Paris paper, of August 25, gives the following 
as "the division of the French departments, to be 
occupied by the troops of the high allied powers." 
When it is recollected that nothing is published hi 
the French papers w;ithout being inspected by offi- 
cers of the government, entire reliance may be pla- 
ced on the facts as given : — 

1. Prussian army, head-quarters of field-marshal 
Blucher de Wahbtadt, Caen. The army will occtifr 
py the departments of Finistere Morbihon, Cole:-; 
du Nord, Manchc, Hie at Yilaine, Calvados, Ordc, 
Maynne, Sarthe, Eure et Luire, Lower wSeine, as 
far as the right bank of the Seine,Eure, Loir et Chcv. 



J32 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815 



Indre et Loire, Maine et Loire, Lower Loire, as far 
as the right bank of the Loire. 

2. The Prussian army will occupy in common 
with the English and Austrian armies, the depart- 
ments of the Seine and of the Seine et Orse, as far 
as the left bank of the Seine. 

3. The English armies and that of the Low-Coun- 
tries, field-marshal duke of Wellington has his. head 
quarters at Paris. The army will occupy the de- 
partments of the Lower Seine et Oise, upon the 
tight bank of the Seine, Lys Nord, Seine et Marne, 
Somme, Pasde, Calais Oise. 

4- Russian army : head-quarters of field-marshal 
count Barclay de Tolly, Melun. The army will oc- 
cupy the departments of Seine et Marne, upon the 
right bank of the Seine, Aisne Ardennes, Marne, 
Mouse Moselle Meurthe, Haute Marne, the fourth 
part, l'Aube, one third. 

* 5. Bavarian army : head-quarters of field-marshal 
prince de Wrede, Auxerre. The army will occu- 
py the department of the Loiret, and as far as the 
Loire, Yonne, Nievre, Aube, the two-thirds Haute 
Marne, the three-fourths, Vosges. 

6. The troops of Yvurtemburg, and of Hesse 
Darmstadt, under orders of Ids highness the prince 
royal of YYurtemburg, will occupy the departments 
•of FAllier, and of Ptiy de Dome. 

7. The Austrian army : head-quarters of field- 
marshal prince Schwartzenburg, Fontainbleau. The 
army of the Upper Rhine will occupy the depart- 
ments of Cantal, Lozere, Gard Loire, Upper Loire, 
Mouths of the Rhoane, Vaucluse, Lower Alps, Var. 
The army of Italy will occupy the departments of 
Cote d'Or, Upper Soane, Soane et Loire,Jura, Doubs, 
."Rhone, Ain, Mont Blanc Isere, Ardeche, Dromo, 
Copper Alps. 

8. The Saxon troops and those of Baden, will oc- 
cupy the departments of the Upper and Lower 
Rhine. 

QTj'There is not in this, however, any arrange- 
ment for the Spaniards, who are pouring into the 
South of France, most gallantly ! 

Paris, August 19. — At the moment the king as- 
cended his carriage at 4 o'clock this day, Madame 
Labedoy ere threw herself at his feet, to solicit par- 
don for her husband. The king answered, that if 
M. Labedoyere had only offended him, his pardon 
should be granted ; but that all France called 
for the punishment of the man who had brought 
upon it all the horrors of war. His majesty was 
Tery much affected, and it was to be seen how much 
he suffered from being obliged to resist the impulses 
of his heart. The king, who knows how to unite 
goodness and justice, deigned to promise Madame 
Labedoyere his protection for her and her infant. 

At 6 o'clock, the moment when the king was re- 
turning from his ride, the mother of Labedoyere 
was in the court of the chateau, for the purpose of 
trying her intercession with his majesty. Seeing 
that measures were taken for preventing her ap- 
proaching him, and renewing a scene as painful as 
Useless, she retired. She was in dee]) mourning/-- 

J\n;-;iiHt 20. — Yesterday evening colonel Labedo- 
yere arrived at the spot designed for Ins execution, 
where he fell on his knees and received the bless- 
ings of his confessor, who accompanied him; after 
which lie rose, and without waiting for the band- 
age being placed over his eyes, bared his bosom to 
the veterans who were appointed to shoot him, and 
Cried out: — Sur/out ne me manquez pas — (mind, do 
, ,i miss me,) In a moment after he was no more. 

The cavalry of the army of the Loire lias its ism- 

• o: ■incuts in the departments of Tarn and Garonne; 

army, which has preserved to France 500 pieces 



of artillery, was at the time of its disbanding 60,000- 

August 12. — Polwidha.s cordially submitted to Rus- 
sia, agreeably to the provisions of the great treaty 
of Vienna. Prince Sulkowski has laid the homage 
and oaths of the army of Poland at the feet of Alex- 
ander, as emperor of all the Russias and king of Po 
land. 

The Danish army left Altona on the 31st of July, 
for France, to join the head-quarters of the duke of 
Wellington, near Pans. 

August 4. — The trial of the Bonapartean officer, 
who commanded in Conde, for the murder of the 
British general Gordon, who carried a summons for 
the surrender of the place, occasions much excite- 
ment. Some palliations of the conduct of this com- 
mander having appeared in the Gazette de France? 
the brother of the general has addressed the follow- 
ing note to the editor ; 

Paris, Atigust 3, 1815. 

"Sib. — The military assassination committed on 
the person of adjutant general Gordon, at Conde, 
will form the subject of a trial, which will exhibit, 
in a clear light, the true circumstances which pre- 
ceded and accompanied that crime. It is in vain that 
his assassins endeavor to avert public indignation by 
their misrepresentations. No imprudence was com? 
milted by their victim. If he was not accompanied 
by a trumpeter, it will appear on the trial, that he 
neither could nor ought to have had one at that mo- 
ment. Besides, such a circumstance could, at far- 
thest, have only excused their firing upon and kill-,- 
ing Mr. Gordon before he entered the town; but 
having readied the presence of the military chiefs, 
who dared to condemn him to death, who brought to 
them, in the king's name, the pardon of their trea- 
son, the absence of a trumpeter was a mere defect 
of form which had received its explanation. 

"No, it was a flag of truce sent in the name of 
the king, to summon Conde to surrender,- it was an 
officer invested with the external signs of his rank, 
and the bearer of papers authorising his mission, 
that these cowards massacred. It was a military* 
commission that condemned men to be shot. 

w He whom death has thus deprived of the best of 
brothers, while he stifles his grief, fixes his eyes 
with confidence on the throne of a monarch as just 
as good, before whose face the most odious of 
crimes will not remain unpunished. 

(Signed) "JAMES GORDON.'? 

London, Aug. 11. — By advices from Genoa, to the 
15th July, upwards of 20 small privateers were out 
from Porto Ferrajo, [isle of Elba] infesting those 
seas, and greatly interrupting the trade; two vessels, 
one from 'Trieste to Leghorn, and the other from 
Leghorn to Tunis, are said to have been captured 
by them. 

The Vry Zee, Riedyke, from Lisbon to the Baltic, 
has been taken by an Algerine frigate and was car- 
ried into Algiers on the 3d of June. 

August 20. — It it intimated from Brussels, that 
the expected occupation by the allies, of the second 
line of the French fortresses (Valenciennes, Conde, 
&c.) has created a great sensation in the north . of 
F)-ance. 

From Vienna, it is said that all the armies of re- 
serve have been ordered to march to France; like- 
wise a park of artillery from Olmutz. 

August 23. — In the foreign news, in the French 
papers, under the head of Austria, there is a protest 
dated Vienna, 11th June, by the mediatised princes 
(the inferior states formerly comprised under the 
denomination of the confederation of the Rhine,) 
against the decision of the congress of Vienna. The 
protest is couched in the strongest terms of re- 



NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— WAR EVENTS. 



133 



-monstrance, and shows that the great powers com- 
posing- the confederacy have not satisfied all par- 
ties by their balancing- decisions. It would appear 
also that the king* of Prussia and the sovereign 
prince of the Netherlands are likely to disagree 
about the new partitions. His Prussian majesty lias 
an eye to more of the Belgian territory, than his 
Dutch ally is willing to surrender, and wants the 
sovereign prince to get indemnified from France, 
by the help of England! Modesty and moderation 
we believe, are not reckoned among the political 
■tor rues. 

There is one commercial house in this city, 
which pays 4000£ a year for the postage of foreign 
letters. 

Ten tons of silver, the property of a single house 
in this city, has been lately melted down for ex- 
portation. 

The princess of Wales has purchased a fine seat 
belonging to general Pino, and situated on the 
beautiful and picturesque Lago di Coma, in the 
Milanese, where it is said her royal highness intends 
to fix her residence. It is about 20 miles from Milan, 
and one of the most delightful spots in the universe. 

Four vessels, three under Portuguese, and one 
under Spanish colors, have been captured on the 
coast of Africa, by his Britannic majesty's sloop 
Brisk— they were trafficing in the horrid slave 
trade, and had about 700 wretched creatures on 
board. 

Murat at Toulon, in July, sent a request to ad- 
miral lord Exmouth, to be received on board the 
British fleet. The admiral offered to receive him, 
but would make no promise for his ultimate des- 
tination. — [Official] 

It was said Murat afterwards set out for Pied- 
mont. 

The duke of Orleans has returned to England. 
It is, probably, thought inexpedient that he shoidd re- 
side in France, as a faction had shewn a disposition 
to make use of him. 

Price of Bullion, London> Atigust 15, 



L s. d. 
4 9 
4 9 
4 4 
5 5 



Portugal gold in coin, per oz. 

Foreign g-old in bars, 

New doubloons, 

New dollars, 

- Stocks, — 3 per cent. cons. 56 1-8 a 56£ 

Of the first levy of 100 millions of francs in France 
to pay for its deliverance, Paris was required to pay 
30, and Bordeaux 5 millions— for general use, a five 
francs may be considered as $1. This requisition 
has immensely cooled the zeal of the royalists of 
Bordeaux— but when the second, and the third, and 
the fourth, and the fifth, and the sixth like pay- 
ments shall be required— we think they will se- 
riously think of that sort of patriotism that invites 
insolent foreigners to settle domestic questions of 
right. 

I The British ministerial papers are loud in their 
dictations of what the king of France shall do. — 
•They have designated many persons, by name, who 
must be executed, and spoken of others Vfhomust be 
expelled from a participation in the affairs of the 
king's government. Fouche appears, however, to 
have made a perfect amnesty with those folks. 

Catholic emancipation. It is stated that abill will 
be introduced into the British parliament giving 
"unqualified" emancipation to British Roman Ca- 
tholic subjects in Ireland, reserving to the Croimthe 
payment of the clergy. And no doubt the priests, if 
paid as well, will become as loyal subjects as their 
ijrotestant brethren — ~-«money does the business. " 



<m*x Mpm$i 



Or, matters belonging to the late war. 

BATTLE OF NIAGARA. 

We have been requested to publish the following 
letter of general Brown to generals Pouter and 
Miller, and their reply. — Boston Patriot. 

Head- Quarters, Buff aloe, July 28, 1815. 
Major general Porter, and 
Brig, general Miller, 

Gentlemen — Not a doubt resting upon my mind, 
but that the enemy were defeated and driven from 
the field of battle on the 25th of last July near the 
Falls of Niagara, leaving us in peaceable possession 
of the Whole of his artillery, I have upon all occasions 
so stated. Learning that some diversity of opinion 
has appeared upon this subject so interesting to the 
army, I have to request of you, gentlemen, to state 
your view of this subject. You remained upon the 
field after I had left it, and know if the enemy did 
or did not appear when our army marched off; (jr if 
a gun was fired for a considerable time before the 
army moved upon its taking up the line of march, 
or on its way to camp. I do not enquire of yo«C 
who were the heroes of this day, or what corps 
particularly distinguished themselves; but I call 
upon you to vindicate the fair and honest fame of 
the army — of that gallant army, which has done so 
much to exalt the national character. It is believed^ 
that no equal number of men have ever done more. 
Do not permit its glory to be tarnished by the faults 
or the follies of its commanders. We have nomeof 
us any claims to infallibility. The victory achieved 
was by Americans; and that fact being established 
is all that concerns the honor of the country or the 
reputation of her arms. 

Very respectfullv, your obedient servant, 
(Signed) JACOB BROWN, 

ANSWER. 

Buffaloe, July 29th, 1815. 

Sir— In answer to your letter of this date, we have. 
no hesitation in saying* that, in our opinion, the- 
character of every incident attending- the battle 
near Niagara Falls, and particularly the mode ©&* 
its termination, exhibits clear and unequivocal, 
evidence that it resulted in a decisive victory on the 
part of the American .army. 

We found the enemy in possession of a cgie- 
manding eminence, in the centre of open and 
extensive fields, without any woods, ravines, «s* 
other cover sufficiently near to favor our attack; 
and supported by 9 pieces of field ordnance— 
from this position they were driven at the point 
of the bayonet, with the loss of all their artille- 
ry. After our army had possessed itself of their 
position and artillery, the enemy received rein- 
forcements, and made not less than three deliberate, 
well arranged, and desperate charges to regain 
them : in each of which he was driven back in 
confusion, with the loss of many prisoners; but the 
darkness of the nig-ht and the surrounding woods 
did not permit our army to avail itself as it might 
under the circumstances of these repeated suc- 
cesses. 

The battle commenced a little before sunset ami 
terminated at near eleven o'clock. After the ene- 
my disappeared for the last time, they exhibited. 
evidence of great confusion by distant and scattered, 
firing in the woods, and our troops were drawn up 
in great order on the field of battle, forming three 
sides of a hollow square, with the whole of our- 
own and the enemy's artillery in the centre. In 
\ii situation we remained for more than an hour* 



134 FILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815. 



and in our opinion the troops were in a condition May you, your officers and crew, long- live to civ* 
to act with more decisive effect than at any former. joy the laurels you so nobly won. 
period of the contest. During- this interval we do. I have the honor to be, with high consideration of 
not recollect to have heard a gun, or seen any other (respect and esteem, sir, your most obedient servants 
Indication of the enemy's being- near us; and at ISAAC SHELBY. 

fee close of it the army retired slowly to camp Capt. Saml. C. Reid, late commander 



three miles distant, without any molestation by, 
or appearance of a foe. We left on the field the 
enemy's artillery and other trophies of victory, 
Which were at the time of leaving- it, and had 
been for a long time before in our undisturbed 
possession. 

We are, sir, very respectfully, your obedient 
servants. 

(Signed) PETER B. POUTER. 

(Signed) JAMES MILLER. 

To the Editors of the Jfercantile Advertiser. 
Gextlkjukx — [ hand you for publication a letter, 
which was received in my absence from the coun- 
try, from his excellency governor Shelby, of Ken- 
tucky. Since my return sickness has prevented an 
earlier attention to its publication. As the senti- 
ments which it expresses are general with respect 
to our navy and private armed vessels, I conceive it 
my duty, for that reason, to give it publicity ; and 
it is likewise due to the officers and crew of the 
General Armstrong, thus to make known to them 
the approbation of his excellency. 

SAM. C. REID. 
JtTew-Tjark, Oct. 13, 1815. 

Fraxkford, (Kt.) May 8, 1815. 
Sin — The return of peace to our country, upon 
honorable terms, witJi a national character exalted 
in an eminent degree, affords us leisure to review 
the various conflicts in which that character has 
been developed. 

On the ocean, where we had most to dread, we 
"have found a rich harvest of glory ; and the Ameri- 
can tars have secured to themselves the admiration 
of the world. To the officers and crews of our 
public vessels, much is due; and the nation, through 
its public functionaries, and in other forms, has 
fully demonstrated its gratitude. We are not less 
indebted to the officers and crews of our private 
armed vessels — instances of talents,, skill, discipline 
and of a determined unconquerable bravery have 
been manifested by our privateersmen $ when their 
situations might have presented to ordinary minds 
sufficient inducement for avoiding the contest, no- 
thing but a generous and noble patriotism could 
have led to such deeds ; I have no reason to believe 
that the nation at large is not fully impressed with 
♦lie gratitude due to this class of our heroes. But 
I have regretted that there lias been so few demon- 
strations of that sentiment J you will, therefore, al- 
though a stranger to you, permit me for myself, in- 
dividually, and on behalf the state ovei? which 1 have 
1 lie honor to preside, to assure you that the conduct 
of yourself and of your officers and crew in defence 
Of the General Armstrong, in the port of Fayal, me- 
rits the first applause of the nation, and is duly ap- 
jrfciated by our citizens. 

;v> one conflict during the war lias placed the 
American character in so proud a view. 

The baseness of the attack in a neutral port, the 
ovcrwh' lining force of the assailants ; the small 
prospect of success to yourself and crew, and the 
»U!0;oallekd disparity of loss, demonstrated a com- 
bination of talents, skill and heroism, seldom equal- 
led, and never surpassed. 

I trust our government will lose no time in de- 
manding a liar remuneration of the vessel and her 
*pparcJ, &c. and that it wUl be prosecuted with 
effect. 



of the U. S. privateer General Armstrong. 

DEFENCE OF STONISTGTOX. 

The defence of Stonington by a handful 6f brave 
citizens, was more like an effusion of feeling, warm 
from the heart, than a concerted military move- 
ment. The result of it we all know, and it affor- 
ded sincere delight to every patriot. But the par- 
ticulars we have never seen so accurately describ- 
ed as in the following concise narrative from the 
chairman of the committee of defence to the secre- 
tary of war, of which we have been favored witfe 

a copy for publication. Nat Int. 

To the lion. Wm. H. Crawford, secretary ofxvar. 

Stoxijvg-tost Borough, Aug. 21, 1815. 
Sir — The former secretary of war put into m-y 
cate, as chairman of the committee of defence, the 
two 18 pounders, and all the munitions of war, that 
was here, belonging to the general government, to 
be used for the defence of the town— and I gave my 
receipt for the same. 

As there is no military officer here, it becomes 
my duty to inform vou the use we have made of it. 
That on the 9th of August last, the Ramilies 74, 
the Pactolus 44, the Terror bomb-ship, and the 
Despatch gun brig, anchored off the harbor. Com- 
modore Hardy sent off a boat, with a flag- ; we met 
him with another from the shore, when the officer 
of the flag handed me a note from commodore Har- 
dy, informing that one hour was given the unof- 
fending inhabitants, before the town would be de- 
stroyed. 

We returned to the shore, where all the male 
inhabitants were collected, when I read the note 
aloud ; they ail exclaimed, they would defend the 
place to the last extremity, and if it was destroyed,- 
they would be buried in the ruins. 

We repaired to a small battery that we had hove 
up— nailed our colors to the flag staff— others lined 
the shore with their muskets. , 

At about seven in the evening, they put off five 
barges and a large launch, carrying from 32 to 9 lb, 
carronades in their bows, and opened their fire 
from their shipping, with bombs, carcasses, roCK> 
ets, round, grape and cannister shot, and sent their 
boats to land under cover of their fire. Wc let them 
come within small grape distance, when we opened 
our fire upon them, from our two 18 pounders with 
round and grape shot; they soon retreated out ot 
gTape distance, and attempted a landing on the east 
side of the village; we dragged a six pounder that we 
had mounted over, and met them with grape, and 
all our muskets opened their fire on them, so » that- 
they were willing to retreat tha second time. They 
continued their fire 'till 11 at night. 

The next morning at seven o'clock, the brig Des- 
patch anchored within pistol shot of our battery, 
and they sent five barges and two large launches, to 
land under cover of their whole fire (being joined 
by the Nimrod 20 gun brig.) When the boats ap- 
proached within grape distance, we opened our fire 
on them with round and grape shot ; they retreated 
and came round the east side of the town; we ^check- 
ed them with our six pounder and muskets, 'till we 
dragged over one of our 18 pounders — we put m a 
round shot, and about 40 or 50 lb. of grape, and 
placed it in the centre of their boats as they \v ei \ 
rowing up in a line and firing- on us ; we tore one ct 
%eir barges all in pieces— sf> that two, one on rcch 



MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— CHRONICLE. 



135 



fide, had to lash her up to keep her from sinking. 
They retreated out of grape distance, and we turn- 



ed our fire upon the brig 1 , and expended all our 
cartridges but five, which we reserved for the boats, 
if they made another attempt to land. We then lay 
four hours without being- able to annoy the enemy 
in the least, except from muskets on the brig, while 
the fire from the whole fleet was directed against 
our buildings. After the third express to New- 
London, some fixed ammunition arrived ; we then 
turned our cannon on the brig, and she soon cut her 
cable and drifted out. 

The whole fleet then weighed, and anchored 
nearly out of reach of our shot, and continued this 
and the next day to bombard the town. 

They set the buildings on fire in more than twen- 
ty places, and we as often put them out. In the 
three days bombardment they sent on shore 60 tons 
of metal, and strange to tell, wounded only one 
man, since dead. We have picked up 15 tons, in- 
eluding some that was taken up out of the water, 
and the two anchors that we got. We took up and 
buried four poor fellows that were hove overboard 
out of the sinking barge. 

Since peace, the officers of the Despatch brig 
have been on shore here ; they acknowledge they 
had 21 killed, and 50 badly wounded ; and further 
say, had we continued our fire any longer, they should 
have struck, for they were in a sinking condition, 
for the wind then blew at S. W. directly into the 
harbor. Before the ammunition arrived, it shifted 
round to north, and blew out of the harbour. All 
the shot suitable for the cannon we have reserved. 
We have now more 18 pound shot than was sent 
Us by government. We have put the two cannon 
in the arsenal, and housed all the munitions of 



of the British squadron on lakeChamplain, and to try 
, capt. Bring, the next senior officer after the death of 



war. 

London, August 22. — The sentence of the court 
martial upon the honorable colonel Mullins,has been 
sent over from Dublin, for the approbation of the 
prince regent. The trial lasted twenty -six days. 

Naval courts martial — On Monday week a court 
martial was held at Portsmouth on captain Stephen 
Pophain, late acting captain of the Montreal, in the 
lakes in Canada, for having, contrary to a verbal 
order o'c' commodore sir James Lucas Yeo, attacked 
a flotilla of American boats, ina creek on that lake, 
virhich were proceeding from Oswego to Sackett's 
Harbor, with stores of every description for the 
equipment of a large ship that was building in the 
latter harbor. The court determined, that a ver- 
bal order iiad been given to captain Popham not to 
go into any creek, in his endeavor to intercept the 
expected boats with stores ; but that having unex- 
pectedly found them in Sandy Creek, and having 
beenjgreaely reinforced, by taking under his orders 
a division of armed boats, under captain Spilsbury, 
and m a manner which could not have been contem- 
plated by sir J antes L. Yeo, he was fully justified 
in making the attack which he did, under the con 



capt. Downie, and the officers under his command 
for the same. The prosecution closed on Saturday 
afternoon, and yesterday the several officers woulck 
make their defence. It appeared, from the proceed- 
ings, that two of the officers who ought also to have 
been sent on their trial did not appear, viz. iieuU 
Kayot, who afterwards deserted to the enemy, and 
has since been struck out of the list of lieutenants^- 
and licut. M'Kee, whose residence is not known. 

Died, in Portland, Me. lieut. Kmvi* Watktis, of 
the United States navy, aged 18. The situation 
of this gallant young officer has been peculiarly 
interesting. A midshipman onboard the Enterprise 
at the time of her capturing the Boxer, he con- 
ducted himself in that memorable engagement as 
our other naval officers always do, when duty calls 
and danger is near — with the greatest coolness and 
intrepidity. He there received a dangerous wound, 
and, from the disabilities and painful effects of 
which, lingered until the 26th ult. when he breathed 
his last, A sympathy for sufferings almost unprece- 
dented, and greater than it could have been sup- 
posed human nature was capable of enduring for 
such a length of time, had attracted around the 
stranger a very numerous and respectable acquaint- 
ance of the young gentlemen of the town. Their 
friendship and attachment have been strongly ri- 
vettedby an amiable disposition, virtuous principles, 
manly deportment, a mind vigorous and intelligent 
by nature, and highly improved by education. Their 
attention towards him in watching over his sleepless 
nights, and iu rendering all the kindness of life and 
the civilities of social intercourse to his relief 
and comfort, have been tender, affectionate, and 
unremitted. — Thus has been cut off in early bloom a 
young officer of great merit and promise. His feelings 
of piety and views of eternity were those of a. 
Christian — resigned to the will of his God and 
depending wholly on the merits of our holy Re- 
deemer for the salvation of his soul. — Forth »lrgm. 
[Lieut. Waters was a native of the city of Washr 
ington, and son of William Waters, Esq.] 



CHRONICLE. 

Commodore Barney arrived at Baltimore from. 
London, a few days ago, with despatches. 

\lrthur O' Conner has been killed in a duel with a 
certain Bo wan Cash el. 

JVew-Yprk, Oct. 11. It is rumored that the Frank- 
lin and Washington, U. S, ships of the line, are to be 
equipped for service forthwith, and that they will 
have orders to cruise along our coast for the protec- 
tion of our commerce, See. 

From the Jiediterranean. The Congress frigate, 
captain Morris, arrived at Carthagena about the 
9th of August, from Flushing', and proceeded u]> 



the Mediterranean with the second squadron, un- 
sideration of the importance it was to the service j der commodore Bainbridge, to visit the Barbary 
that the boats should not reach Sackett's Harbor, powers. The squadron consisted of the Indepeh- 
and therefore, adjudged him to be acquitted. jdence 74, Congress, $6, Erie sloop of war, Chippe- 

The court could not forbear stating their regret, j wa brip;, and the hermaphrodite brig Spark, and 
that sir James L. Yeo should have used such re- sailed from Carthagena on the 13th August, 



proaciirul expressions in ids letter to the admiralty, 
which stated captain Popham's capture ; and also 
their high disapprobation of the severe imputatiti 
contained in captain P's. defence against iiis n. 
manding officer, for having offered himself as a 
witness in the support of the charges — which i,t was 
his duty to do. 

A court martial was held on Friday and Saturday 
to enquire into the circiftHststactp att &&&&£ t&e loss 



Commodore Decatur's squadron was daily ex- 
pected at Carthagena, from whence that gallant o'i* 
ficer, according to previous arrangements, would 
return to the U. States; 

the Dutch fleet, three 7-i's, 3 frigates and 3 brig?, 
was before Algiers; but Ins "hightu'ss ihz ^/"seem- 
ed disposed to content hiss rig-lit vf r.npress-ment witter 
Uiem, though he .gave i£ u» so easily t-e the 'bit'Ov 



iUK.t4n». 



136 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1815. 



We fear it is a dreadful certainty that the Eper- 
vier must have been lo»t in some of the late gales. 
Where is the Wasp? — where the Peacock? 

Mr. Giles. The Norfolk Ledger tells us that Mr. 
Gfles will resign his scat iu the senate of the United 
States 

Sir George Murray is appointed, by the British 
government, governor-general of the Canadas. 

New-Jersey election. — The republicans have suc- 
ceeded in this state with a larger majority than they 
had last year. Particulars hereafter. 

Grant! squirrel hunt. — Sometime about the latter 
part of September, a party of gentlemen in Martin 
county, North Carolina, twenty in number, ten on 
a side, killed, for a bet of a "barbacue and trim- 
ming's," in two days, upwards of 1570 squirrels ; 
and one gentleman of the party, in particular, killed 
in one day 74 ; a number far surpassing any \v< ever 
recollect to have heard of before, in the same space 
of time. 

A pirate. By the arrival of the ship Sapor, capt. 
Kogers, from N. Orleans at Charleston, we learn that 
the PRIZE carried into that port, was a pilot-boat 
schr. of about 90 tons, mounting- one 12 pr. on a pi- 
vot ; had been out cruising for 15 days without any 
commission. At the time of the U. S. schooner 
Fire Brand heaving in sight, the schooner took her 
to be a merchantman, and fired two shot into her — 
the Fire Brand had also taken a ship from the Bar- 
ratariuns (a Spaniard) which had been captured by 
the Carthagenians, and given up to the Barratarians. 

South America. From London papers — accounts 
from Buenos Ayres to March 25. The Lima army 
at Chili having seized the property of several Eng- 
lishmen established there, the British armed their 
vessels and retook their property, together with a 
vessel having $400,000 on board, from Callas for 
Chili. They also blockade Valparaiso ; and have 
brought away all the exiles the Spaniards had sent 
to Juan Fernandez and the other Presidios. 

An insurrection is said to have commenced in Li- 
ma. The Buenos Ayres Army in Peru has been suc- 
e-essfui over the loyalists. The insurgents of Casco, 
Angulo and Pinelo, have also been successful. An 
insurrection has broken out at Arequipa. 

London, June 10. A late Buenos Ayres Gazette 
contains the undermentioned particulars of the 
dreadful situation of La Paz. — "As soon as the re- 
volution of Casco was known at La Plata, the go- 
vernment ordered an auxiliary force to march to 
that quarter, un<l< r the command of general Pine- 
to y Torre, lie proceeded, on in the month of Au- 
gust last, took t!ie province of Piiuo, and the strong 
fortress of El Desaguadero, and on September 24 
entered the city of La Paz. The standard of Ame- 
rican liberty was, for the first time, raised in this 
section of Peru, and the event celebrated with the 
cordial congratulations of the inhabitants, who has- 
tened to take their oath of allegiance to the new 
patriot government. Harmony and friendship every 
where preva.led — when, on the 28th, a most horrid 
plot was discovered. A general amnesty iiad been 
proclaimed and accepted by the European Spa- 
niards, but they beheld the triumph of the Creoles 
with rcpinings. Ungrateful for the kindness shewn 
them, they endeavored to bribe the guards of the 
barracks and park of artillery to destroy the town, 
and formed a project to poison the officers. A. light- 
ed match was put to the powder kept in the go* 
w.nimont house, for it to explode at a fixed hour, 
but timely denunciations prevented the execution 
*»f so horrid a design, and saved the town. They 
were forgiven, and public confidence appeared re- 
t&opn afterwards, however, a mine was 



sprung, with a terrible explosion, in the chief bar- 
racks, within the Chapitones, and in the ruins of the 
building 150 persons were destroyed. The inhabi- 
tants were roused at this scene of fresh treachery, 
and sallying- forth, seized all the Europeans and 
traitorous Creoles, whom they cut to pieces in the 
public square." 

Tax on tight. A letter from Dublin- says, "T have 
but twelve windows in my house, and 1 am made to 
pay for them this year five guineas ($23.33) — and 
every other tax in proportion." It would be well if 
those* EngUshmm, and Irishmen too, who grumble 
so much about the taxes in the United State, were 
to proceed to the "fast anchored" isles, and relieve 
themselves ! 

Tythes. We have seen somewhere the following 
anecdote which occured in France, before the revo- 
lution : ''■'Why, 5 ' said a bishop, in a tone of authori- 
ty and reproof to a peasant, "do you not cultivate 
that field,'' pointing to a piece of ground unplanted. 
"I will, sir," returned the farmer with great humi- 
lity, "if you will secure me one-half of the value I 
should be compelled to give you, as the profit of nry 
labor." 

A Cave. A letter from Sackett's Harbor dated 
July 22, says — Yesterday I visited the cave that some 
account of was lately given, about seven miles from 
this place, a great curiosity^ We brought home 
from it about 201bs. of ice, where there are large 
quantities in some parts of the place all summer ; 
and I find to-day that it has so stiffened my hand 
that I can hardly lift it to my head. 

Theatrical The benefits at Covent Garden Thea-' 
tre,have been as follows— Miss O'Neil's 650 pounds, 
Mr. Jones' 600, Mr. Young's 590, Miss*Foote's 
500, Mr. Emery's 500, Mr. Incledon's 400, Mr. and 
Mrs. Liston's 400, and Miss Stepens' 300. 

Money found. Poole, a farmer of Blagden, Eng. 
has lately found, while digging in his field, a chest 
of gold cor ■, worth 20,000/. 

Bunk'of England. The notes of the Bank of 
England in circulation are upwards of one hundred 
■millions of dollars. The annual tax on which is more 
than four hundred thousand dollars. But the bank 
has hitherto paid under the old compromise, (when 
its issues were small compared with the present) 
but about one hundred thousand dollars. The subject 
has, however, recently caught the attention of par- 
liament. 

A new bargain has just been made with the bank. 
It is to pay 3.5001. on every 1,000,000 in its bills is- 
sued. 

Washington citt. Extract of a letter to the editor. 
— Business in the building line is very brisk here. 
In the centre part of this city, viz. between the ca- 
pitol and president's house, the following houses are 
building or finishing : 
Brick houses, began this year, most of which 

are large 1^ 

Frame do do ... 8 

Brick do finishing, which have been stand- 
ing for years ; . . , 4 

Frame do do ; . . . 4 

Brick back-buildings, used as tenements . . 5 

Frame do 1 

Public buildings, viz. Methodist meeting . . 1 
Catholic Seminary . . X, 
Treasury office ... 1 
Arsenal 1 } 
Magazine 1 >At the fort 3 

Store-house 1 S 

46 

Besides these some others are contracted for — 
and there is an appropriation to extend the market. \ 



MLES' 


WEEKLY 


REGISTER. 


No. 9 of Vol. IX.] 


BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, OCf*)B&R 28, 1815. (wholk no. 217. 




llctc olim meminisse jnvabit.- 


— VinciL. 


PHITVTKD AND PUBLISHED BY H. NII/ES, NO. 29, SOUTH CALVSIlT-STRr.ET, AT $5 PER ANNUM. 



(£j-*The present number of tlie Weekxt Register 
contains tn'cvty pagies, or consists of a sheet and a 
quarter — to dispose of sundry interesting- articles 
that were lying over in type* The press of matter 
is, and always must be, exceedingly great, while 
we attempt to notice every thing important for pre- 
sent reading or useful for future reference. 

Tnough in some respects we have been baffled 
j©ur arrangements for this number, we think its con- 
tents will be found more than commonly interesting. 

%*The editor respectfully informs the patrons 
of this paper, that their accounts are made out to 
the end of the present year and have generally been 
'forwarded to the places where there are regular 
agents, to which he solicits an early notice : those 
resident in parts of the country near which there is 
no regular agent, will please to remit by mail, as 
usual, and the receipt shall be thankfully acknow- 
ledged. 

A vigorous attempt is now making to get all our 
accounts squared up, and the editor appeals to the 
considerate for a liberal and immediate determina- 
tion to assist him in accomplishing this veiy im- 
portant object—the attainment of which would 
lighten the drudgery Of the common business of the 
establishment nearly a half! as will very reasona- 
bly appear, when it occurs to the mind, that each 
and every account that remains open and unsettled, 
is individually charged upon our exertions to close. 
This is always an unpleasant duty — but it must be 
done. There is no use of earning money if we do 
not get it. We assert it, without fear, that, inde- 
pendent of these concerns of the office, more edi- 
torial labor is .bestowed on the Register than on 
any other periodical work. "Thou shalt not muz- 
zle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn." 

The agents for this paper are earnestly solicited 
to urge a settlement of the bills due at their offices, 
especially when they exceed the amount for the 
Current year. 



Sheep and Wool — Books. 

"It appears, from the London papers, that lord 
Sheffield's Wool Fair was held at the White Hart, 
on the 26th of July last. Lord Sheffield, in a long 
speech, urged the necessity of a protecting duty, 
stating that the growers of wool had suffered much 
from the vast importations, declaring, that as fine 
wool would be raised in England as any ever im- 
ported, if proper encouragement were given to the 
growers of the article." 

We have several times amused our readers with 
references to the book made by lord Sheffield, in 
1783, to reconcile his countrymen to the loss of the 
United States ;-— in which he undertook to shew, 
with all the pomp and gravity, "modest assurance," 
Want of candor, and disregard of truth, that belongs 
to a lord, that we were, and must continue to be, 
dependent upon and slaves of England, for most of 
the necessaries and many of the conveniences of life, 
so far as they belonged to what are commonly con- 
sidered the arts and manufactures. 

The arrivals of several small quantities of woo \ 
V05. Eft' 



from the United Stales, and the reports that ma ;t 
ha-e reached the old man of our progress in the 
raising of sheep, has roused his jealousy — and he 
now would prohibit a commodity, by laying a duty 
upon it, which he prophecied, like one of Baal's 
ministers, that it would be impossible for us to have 
in considerable quantities ! — Knowing the temper 
of that man^s mind and his deadly hatred to Ame- 
rica, for giving to his profound "observations" the 
character of nursery tales, we cannot do otherwise 
tha^ believe that, in his speech alluded to in the 
article quoted above, he had entire reference to the 
import of wooi from the United States ; which, he 
sees, will speedily become as famous for raising that 
article as for raising' cotton. For we believe it is a 
fact, that the importation of sheep's wooi into Eng- 
land has been cdnsiderably less than heretofore, 
owing to the annihilation, as we may say, of many 
of the Spanish flocks, b3^the events of the war in 
that country ; which it will take some years to re- 
cruit or supply* 

• In the 9th page of his book (Dublin edition 1784) 
his lordship says — si In tlie southern provinces" (his 
lordship thought it beneath his dignity to call them 
states, though they had been acknowledged as such 
by his government) "the wool of sheep becomes of a 
hairy quality. In the northern it cannot answer we'll to 
raise sheep, the land is sofong covered with snow ; the 
expeuce of fodder is too great." 

How lordly true and candid is my lord's saying '! 
—Now, a common person would have thought that 
if the north was too cold and the south was too Itot, 
to raise sheep to advantage, there must be a place 
in the middle that would exactly answer the purpose! 
But his lordship always disdains the rules that ope- 
rate on honest men, when he refers to America — his 
lordly object was, and is, to deceive those he can 
influence. And we are happy to assure the great 
man, that, in every state of the union, we can raise 
sheep to much profit ; and that in the west we have 
also some little tracts of land that his lordship 
thought must always remain the abode of the deer 
and the buffalo, where as many may be supported as 
would supply five Englands with. wool. But, with 
his jaundiced views of America, no doubt bis lord- 
ship thought it as Likely that we should commence 
manufactories of madmen and ideots, for kings and 
nobles, as of woolen goods, which are now scattered 
all over the United States— much less suppose that 
our country, instead of Spain, \va& destined to become 
the great market of the world for wool. The truth 
is, we have got the "golden fleece," and the fact is 
clearly and undeniably proved that the boasted 
■merino of the old world grows larger and becomes, 
more productive in the new. In less than ten, per- 
haps, in five years, ships'-cargoes of wool, an excess 
beyond our own want's, will probably be exported 
from the United States. Our present stock is be- 
tween ten and fifteen millions of sheep, increasing 
geometrically. And the wool gathered in the Unit- 
ed States, in the present year, may be safely estU 
mated as wo-th from 20 to 30 millions of dollars—* 
probably more even than the latter 

Books. "All the school and common books (says 
his lordship) can be sent cheaper from Britain than 
they can be printed in America." — And so his lordr 



138 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1815. 



ship gravely supposes that all our horn books and 
primers must come from England. What truth 
there was in the assertion when his lordship made 
it, I neither know nor care— but I will do this : It 
his Iprdsl ip will obtain for me the privilege of ex- 
porting 100,000 dollars worth of common and school 
books "to England, pet annum, free of duties or 
charges til . •; v, 1 will pay his lordship $25,000 a year 
in acknowledgment of the favor rendered, and make 
20 or 30,0^0 dollars more for myself. And, besides, 
1 will engage that the type, pre'sses and paper, aitci 



every thing el ie used in the manufacture of the saic 
books, shall be of American make. 

Seine persons, regarding the quantity of matter 
only, and esteeming this paper as they do a cheese, 
by its size and weight, have considered the price of 
it high ; though the fact is, it is the cheapest publi- 
cation in the world. For example— it contains near- 
ly twice as much, and is as well printed and on as 
good paper as Cobbers, for about two-thirds of the 
price of that work, exclusive of the price paid for 
the Stamp on each sheet, or less than one half of 
what it really cost;; the subscriber in England: yet 
1 feel convi-.ced that 1 nominally make more money 
(^n a subscriber than Mr. Ccbbett does, though his is 
really more profitable, from a more general punctu- 
ality in payment and a greater patronage. 



while to build large ships of it! On the whole, his 
lordship concludes, "there is no rossnuLiTr of her 
(America) maintaining a navy" I guess his lord- 
ship now thinks that other parts of the United Stated 
besides JYerb England, "may have" privateers! At 
any rate, he would have discovered it in a very 
suiting manner, if he had been concerned largely 
in shipping, during the late war. 

But the Barbary powers — why, Decatur, with less 
than one half of the national force detached for the 
object, has settled the business more gloriously and 
more honorably than any European had yet done it 
for his country, with all their navies and armies. — ■ 
The crescent, like the red cross of England, has 
done honor to the stripes and Stars, in lowly bentlinga, 



The Barbary Powers; 

Oil, MGttE OF MY LORD SHEFFIELD. 
The policy of the British in maintaining the Bar- 
bary powers*, is clearly manifested in the following 
extracts from lord Sheffield's book, entitled "Ob- 
servations on the commerce of the American States," 
written in 1783— see page 204 et seq. Dublin edit, 
note. 

EXTRACT. 

"It 13 not probable the American states will have 
a very free trade in the Mediterranean; it will not 
be the interest of any of the great maritime pow- 
ers to protect them there from the Barbary states. 
If they know their interests, they will not encourage 
ihe Americans to be carriers. That the Barbary states 
are advantageous to tlie. maritime powers is certain. — 
if they were suppressed, the little states of Italy, 
&c. would have much more of the carrying trade. 
The French never shewed themselves worse politi- 
cians, than in encouraging the late armed neutrality 
but notwithstanding their exultation in it at first, 



Pauper-statistics. 

We abstract the following facts from a very long 
and minute report of the "guardians of" the poor 
and managers of the alms-house and house of em- 
ployment, of the city of Philadelphia, district of 
Southwark and township of the Northern Liberties," 
for the year ending May 23, 1815. QCj^The city 
and districts thus taken in have a population of 
about 100,000 souls. 

The average of persons maintained by this insti- 
tution, taken from the monthly reports of paupers 
under charge, was 735 — about 287 men, 334 wo- 
men and 104 children. 

At the commencement of the year there were 619 
persons in the house — during- the year, 1891 paupers 
were admitted, laboring under various diseases 
and imperfections, of whom about 327 died, 1465 
were discharged, cured or relieved, and several re- 
mained under care, so that the paupers maintained 
at the end of the year were 718. 

It appears that the average of expense of main- 
taining the paupers was $1 20| per week, for each 
person. 

The institution is provided with a variety of ma- 
chinery for the manufacture of wool, cotton and 
flax, shoes, some small articles of iron, &c. The 
profit on these, which includes the labor of the pau> 
pers employed therein, was about 3,500 dollars. . 

In a general statement of the sick and surgical 
cases that came under the care of the medical de- 
partment of this institution in the course of the 
year, the amount given is 2473 persons — of whom 
1928 were cured, 73 relieved, 20 eloped, 327 died 
and 125 remained under charge. This would appeal* 



it was not long before they were sensible of their 

bad policy. The league probably would not long j to amount to all the persons th at remained in the 

have held together; the Danes had already relaxed, house at the commencement of the year, or w^ere 



Jt was the part the Dutch were taking in that league 
that brought on them a war that has neither been 
very glorious for them, nor advantageous. The arm- 
cd neutrality would be as hurtful to the great maritime 
powers, an the Bnrbary stales are useful. TilE AME- 
RICANS CANNOT PKQTECT THEMSELVES 
X>HOM TJfE LATTER; THEY CANNOT PBE- 
TENJD TO A NAVY. In war, New^ingland may 
have privateers, but they will be much fewer than 
they J..\e been; they will be few, indeed, if we do 
not gire up the navigation act. 3 * 

Eitd lordship is still living — what does he think 
"about and about" the Barbary powers and an Ame- 
ricaji navy now? Let him ask the deys of Algiers 
i/iu Tripoli, and enquire of bully JJacrcs and compa- 
l£ his Lordship lives 10 years more — "he shall 



admitted into it during its period, 37 excepted- 
but, it is probable, that many persons were under 
care more than once in the course of the year — as 
all the persons relieved by the institution are sup- 
posed incompetent by labor to earn a subsistence — 
which, God be praised ! any one in the United 
States, blessed with health and strength and ability 
to apply these qualities, is able to do. 

The principal diseases noticed arc — Abscess 53 — 
cured 48, rem. 5; Amenorrhea 30 — cured 26, rem. 4; 
Atrophy 17 — cured 6, died 11; Burns 30 — cured 25, 
died 5; Catarrh 37 — cured 35, rem. 2; Consumption 
113 — cured 15, died 95; Diarrhoea 68 — cureel 52, 
died 15 ; Dropsy 65 — cured 34, died 26; Dyspepsia 
69— cured 52, died 15; Eruptions 102 — cured 97, 
rem. 5; Fevers, various, 164— cured 139, died 23; 



tj.ee what he shall see" — many thing's about our navy Gonorrhoea 38 — cured 34, rem. 4; Inflamations, va- 

Uiore curious than any of these; though, according 

to bis lord chip's notions, we had not, nor could we 

have, "good harbors" or "good seamen," and our, 

tjfnber was so oidJmary that— it would not be we-rtfi Itfiernrcith>m -1-92— -Cured 177, relieved 6, none died 



nous, 106— cured 94, died 8; Itch 103— cured 103; 
Mania 65 — cured 35, relieved 15, died 10; Mania a 
Potu 54— cured 49, died 3; Old age 35— died 35; 



JULES' WfiEKly REGISTER-NAVAL AFFAIRS. 



133 



Scrophula 26— cured 7, died 16; Syphilia 197— car- 
Cd 175, died 5; Ulcers 248— cured 206, eloped 10; 
Women delivered 50 — none died j Wounds 27— 
oured 25, &c. 

Tables like these are of the first importance to 
assist our studies of the condition in society. A. 
variety of reflections naturallv spring up in consi- 
dering the facts here recorded, but at present we 
have only one remark to offer— The average number 
of paupers maintained by the alms-house of Pldlailel- 
phia (a great city in which distressed ^ objects are 
always more numerous than they are in a coUuiry- 
districtof the like population) Was 735— now, taking 
the average of England and Wales for a criterion, 
Philadelphia ought to have maintained at least 
EIGHTEEN THOUSAND persons in her poor hou- 
ses ! This fact is worth a world of comment* 



Bonaparte's Letter. 



FOR THE WEEKLY REGISTER. 

Observations on the allusion made hy Bona- 
parte to ThemislGcles. 
It appears to me that those editors are mistaken 
who have supposed that Napoleon, in his late letter 
to the prince regent of England, meant to compare 
himself to Themistocles, when the latter applied to 
the great king, Xerxes, of Persia. It is, surely, to 
be presumed, that Napoleon did not intend to com- 
pare himself to a traitor ; that he did not mean to 
avow himself the enemy of France, and the ready 
instrument of the vengeance of England. And ycr, 
Themistocles was a traitor to his country, and sup- 
plicated protection from the great king, on the Very 
ground of his readiness to be employed in the ser- 
vice of Persia against the Athenians. 

Napoleon, in his letter to the prince regent, and 
which has been but badly translated, says- — "En 
bute aux factions, qui divisent man pays, et a l'ini- 
mitie des plus grand puissances de l'Europe, j'ai 
termine ma vie politique ; et je viens, comme The- 
inistocle m'assSoir sur les foyers du peuple Britta- 
nique ; je reclame le protection de leur lois," &c. 
Here is no offer of aid ; no expression of enmity to 
France. The analogy between his case, and that of 
Themistocles, at the court Of Persia, totally fails ; 
and we must look for some other instance of the 
Grecian's seeking shelter/ This is easily found; and, 
but for the reasons hereafcer explained, there could 
have been no delusion on the subject 

Plutarch, in his life of Themistocles, after stat- 
ing his being proscribed from Athens, and his escapt 
to Corcyra, says— -" Prom thence he fled to Epirus 
and finding' himself still pursued by the Athenians] 
and Lacedemonians, lie tried a very hazardous and! 
uncertain resource, in imploring the protection of 
Admetus, king- of the Molossians. Admetus had 
mode a request, which being rejected with scorn 
by Themistocles in the time of his prosperity and 
influence in the state, the king entertained a deep 
resentment against him, and made no secret of his. 
intention to revenge himself, if ever the Athenian 
should fall into his power. However, while he was 
thus flying from place to place, he was mo.-j afraid 
of the recent envy of his countrymen than of the 
consequences of an old quarrel with the king; and, 
therefore, he went and put himself into his hands, 
appearing before him as a suppliant, in a particular 
and extraordinary manner, lie took the king's son, 
who was yet a child, in his arms, and kneeled down 
before the household gods. This manner of offering 
a petition the Molossians looked upon as the most 
effectual, and the only one that can hardly be re- 
gectecV" 



Dr. Goldsmith gives an account of the same trans- 
action, in which he is.supported by Thucj fifties ana 
C. Ncpos. — "From thence," (Corcyra) says he, "he* 
fled to Epirus, and finding- himself pursued by 
the Athenians^ grown at length, desperate, he fled 
to Admetus, king of the Molossians, for refuge.—. 
Admetus Was from home at the timeThemi:;toCled 
came to implore protection ; and upon his return \\<& 
vas surprised to find his old adversarv who had 
c jineto put himself nndtei his protection. As soon a-i 
the king appcared,Them:3tocles took that monarch's 
young sou in las arms, and, scaling himself amidst 
the household gods, informed him of the cause of his 
arrival, and implored his clemency and protection.- 
Admetus, surprised and moved with compassion at 
seeing the greatest man of Greece an humble sup* 
pliant at his feet, raised him immediately from thd 
ground, and premised him protection. Accordingly^ 
when the Athenians and Lacedemonians came id 
demand him, he refused absolutely to deliver up Ui 
person who had made his palace an asylum, in tho 
firm persuasion that it would afford him safety and 
protection.*' He proceeds further' to no'.c, that the 
king, fmdihg himself unable to protect his illustri- 
ous guest, favored his escape iri a ship which M'a.-s 
driven on the Coast o'f Persia by a storm. Here thd 
Grecian avowed his treason and enmity to Athens* 
and actually accepted the command of the Persiaii 
army against Greece; 

After the perusal of these extracts, the reader* 
will probably wonder at the ignorance or malice; 
which would make Napoleon compare himself Ui 
Themistocles, at Persia; He asks of the, prince re-*' 
gent what Tnemistocles had solicited of Admetus^ 
safety and protection ; and he uses a remarkable! 
expression, "m'asseoir sur les foyers" — literally, "to? 
seat myself at the' fire-sides'' — or, emphatically, "to 1 
seat myself among- the household gods.' 5 The ai* 
lusioii i.» very happy, and the expression is cue wnicli 
must have rhade its way to the heart of a generous 
man. But the Christian prince regent of England* 
possesses ideas of magnanimity somewhat different 
from those entertainer by the barbarian and pagari 
king of the Moiossians; 

1 suppose that the notions' of the English editors* 
from, whom many of us benighted Americans rgi 
ceive all our knowledge* were manifold and various^, 
when they undertook to mislead the public on thM 
subj ect. Some of then! may have been stung to thd 
quick by shame, at the contrast between AdinetusJ 
and the prince of Wales, and were willing ro divert 
enquiry from the right point: Others; possibly, feH 
humbled at the mistress of the ocean being- com* 
pared to an obscure nation of barbarians ; and these 
would compliment their re gent by making Bonaparte 
estimate him as high as the world had the great king; 
Others again were willing that the soldier of for* 
tune should have a few more blemishes beside thosd 



which naturally belonged to him, and these would 
place him in the most disgraceful of all attitudes* 
that of a perfidious traitor offering his assistance to 
his country's worst enemy; Napoleon is bad enough^. 
but he deserve* "for play'' and is entitled to tlif* 
common right of being understood as lie intended,, 

A KACK-WOOflS-MAfeV 

JYear Lake Ontario* October, 1815, 

Naval Affairs. 

The subjoined letter comes to us from the same f{?*s 
spectable source as that in the WssKtr Re^iste!*. 
of the 21st hist, under this head. We think it me- 
rits equal consideration and attention from tjji? . 
important information it affords on the, subjeej $|" 



]40 NILB5' WSKELY REGISTER— SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1815 



the navy ancl dock-yards in the United States, , it, solely by the unfavorableness of the wind and 
and from the extensive reform and consolidation {tide. The loss of the President frigate is attributed 

to the injury she received in passing- over this " 



which the writer urges in relation to these estab 
x ushments, so far as they have already been formed* 
It is unquestionably a subject of the highest im- 
portance -.rider the present circumstances of the 
world, when so little respect is paid to the rights 
of nations, and a disposition seems manifested of 
putting to flight every vestige of freedom. To be 
sine, the broad Atlantic happily separates us from 
the deluging tyrannies and oppressions of the old 
world; but we dwell upon its shores, where the 
withering blast of monarchy may extend its fury 
and Lay us waste, unless, with due care and in due 
time, we attend to and nurture the infant Hercules 
that may drive off and punish the marauders. It 
seems now universally agreed that a considerable 
augmentation of our naval force is expedient and 
necessary, as the best means of keeping evils at a 
distance far more extensive than any that can arise 
from the monies being- levied on the people to cre- 
ate and support it. All the danger we have to appre- 
hend must come from the sea-coast, and it is there 
we should be first prepared to meet the foe. The 
force of numbers, aided by native valor, and that 
desperate courage that springs up when a man's 
fire-side is assailed, may do much., and sometimes 
suffice for the service expected on shore; but to 
combat on the ocean with probable success, re- 
quires much preparation and a careful organiza- 
tion of our, means — which, with the blessing's of 
heaven, every one says, are adequate to humble an 
enemy, exait the national character, in which is 
national s-.rength, and give glory xo the American 
name. 

AKOTflGEB. IJfTBKESTISG T.ETTEK, 

From an officer of the (J. S. j\'ar<j to his friend, a 

■member of congress, dated at 

\V48ffrarGT03r, Sept. 12th, 1815. 

Dear Siti — I regret that circumstances have pre- 
vented me from returning an "earlier answer to your 
enquiries respecting- navy yards. Much may be said 
Upon the subject, and I am under no small appre- 
hension that what I am now about to state, will not, 
perhaps, contained! the needful information which 
in your letter is required. I stiall set out, however, 
"With the undeniable proposition, that, considering 
the present state of our navy, of all the yards at 
this dme belonging to the department, none are of 
real u^e but the cue at Boston. This, may appear a 
bold assertion, but 1 am quite confident that before 
i lay down mv pen, I shall be able to satisfy you of 
its truth. 

It is well known thatthe yards at Portsmouth, N. 
11. mid Boston, arc the only yards possessing a suf- 
ficient depth of water for the accommodation of the 
class of ships, and that those at New- York, 
Philadelphia, Norfolk and Washington, cannot be 
i pp] cached, at all times, even by frigates, with their 
guns and stores on board. While that at Ports- 
1 i3 deemed to be useless, on account of its 
vicinity to the one at Boston, the latter certainly 
be preferred to all the others, not alone 
£bi- the numerous advantages it can invariably de- 
rive from its adjacency to a rich and populous 
city, affording ample means for protection, equip 



bar,' 
and it will not be forgotten, that, while under the 
command of commodore Rodgers, the situation of 
this same frigate was at one time extremely critical, 
bemg hemmed in on one side by the British 74 Plan- 
tagenet and Loire frigate, and on the other by this 
obstructive bar. On this occasion indeed the wind 
blew fair, but the state of the tide w r as such as ab- 
solutely to prevent her crossing the bar ; and there- 
fore had the enemy ran down upon her, the commo- 
dore Would have found himself reduced to the al- 
ternative either of contending with an overwhelm- 
ing force, or running the ship on shore. In addition 
to this, during the winter season no harbor is more 
liable to be choked up with vast unwieldly masses 
of ice than that of New-TfDrk, thereby rendering it 
almost impossible at such times to place ships of the 
line in security. The same objection will apply with 
equal force to the river Delaware, the shallowness of 
which connected with, the danger and difficulty of 
its navigation, and the utter impracticability of ap- 
proaching- the yard at Philadelphia in a frigate, with 
her armament and provisions on board, render it as 
unfit for a naval station as the Hudson at New-York. 
The yard at Norfolk is incommoded by the same 
obstructions as those at Philadelphia and New- 
York